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Alternative Farming Systems Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture


Forage Legumes
January 1988 - September 1992

 TITLE: Forage Legumes
 AUTHOR:  Jayne T. MacLean
          Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
          National Agricultural Library
 PUBLICATION DATE:  November 1992
 SERIES:  QB 93-04
 UPDATES: QB 90-76
 NAL Call no.:   aZ5071.N3 no.93-04
 CONTACT:  Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
           National Agricultural Library
           Room 123, 10301 Baltimore Ave.
           Beltsville, MD  20705-2351
           Telephone:  (301) 504-6559
           http://afsic.nal.usda.gov 


 
 ==============================================================
                                              ISSN:  1052-5378
 United States Department of Agriculture      
 National Agricultural Library
 10301 Baltimore Blvd.
 Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 

 Forage Legumes January 1988 - September 1992
 
 Quick Bibliography Series:  QB 93-04
 Updates QB 90-76
 
 308 citations from AGRICOLA in English
 
 Jayne T. MacLean
 Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
 
 November 1992
 


 National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record:
 
 MacLean, Jayne T.
   Forage legumes.
   (Quick bibliography series ; 93-04)
   1. Legumes as feed--Bibliography. 2. Forage plants--
 Bibliography.    I. Title.
 aZ5071.N3 NO.93-04


 About the Quick Bibliography Series

 Bibliographies in the Quick Bibliography Series of the National
 Agricultural Library, are intended primarily for
 current awareness, and as the title of the series implies, are not
 indepth exhaustive bibliographies on any given subject.  However,
 the citations are a substantial resource for recent investigations
 on a given topic.  They also serve the purpose of bringing the
 literature of agriculture to the interested user who, in many
 cases, could not access it by any other
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 searches of the AGRICOLA data base.  Timeliness of topic and
 evidence of extensive interest are the selection criteria.
 
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 strategy of the Quick Bibliography.  Information regarding
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 distribution without prior approval.  The inclusion or
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 construed as endorsement or disapproval.
 
 
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 Citations in this bibliography were entered in the AGRICOLA
 database between January 1979 and the present.
 
 Search AGRICOLA (http://agricola.nal.usda.gov) to update this Quick Bibliography. 
Use the search strategy and terms located below, plus the extensive AGRICOLA Help 
site to locate recent literature on your subject of interest.


 
 SAMPLE CITATIONS
 
 Citations in this bibliography are from the National
 Agricultural Library's AGRICOLA database.  An explanation of sample
 journal article, book, and audiovisual citations
 appears below.
 
 JOURNAL ARTICLE:
 
   Article title.
   Author.  Place of publication:  Publisher.  Journal Title.   
 Date.  Volume (Issue).  Pages.  (NAL Call Number).
 
 Example:
   Morrison, S.B.  Denver, Colo.:  American School Food Service  
 Association.  School foodservice journal.  Sept 1987. v. 41   (8).
 p.48-50. ill.  (NAL Call No.:  DNAL 389.8.SCH6).
 
 BOOK:
 
   Title.
   Author.  Place of publication:  Publisher, date. Information   on
 pagination, indices, or bibliographies.  (NAL Call
   Number).
 
 Example:
 
   Exploring careers in dietetics and nutrition.
   Kane, June Kozak.  New York:  Rosen Pub. Group, 1987.
   Includes index.  xii, 133 p.: ill.; 22 cm.  Bibliography:   p.
 126. (NAL Call No.:  DNAL RM218.K36 1987).
 
 AUDIOVISUAL:
 
   Title.
   Author.  Place of publication:  Publisher, date.
   Supplemental information such as funding.  Media format
   (i.e., videocassette):  Description (sound, color, size).   (NAL
 Call Number).
 
 Example:
   All aboard the nutri-train.
   Mayo, Cynthia.  Richmond, Va.:  Richmond Public Schools,
   1981.  NET funded.  Activity packet prepared by Cynthia
   Mayo.  1 videocassette (30 min.): sd., col.; 3/4 in. +
   activity packet. (NAL Call No.: DNAL FNCTX364.A425 F&N AV).


   
    Forage Legumes
 
                         Search Strategy
 
 Set       Description
 
 S1        FORAGE
 S2        LEGUME
 S3        FORAGE( )LEGUME?
 S4        HAY/TI,DE
 S5        GRAZING
 S6        PASTURE
 S7        FORAGE?
 S8        HAY/TI,DE OR GRAZING OR PASTURE? OR FORAGE?
 S9        S2 AND S8
 S10       S3 OR S9
 S11       ALFALFA OR MEDICAGO( )SATIVUM
 S12       ALFALFA OR MEDICAGO( )SATIVA
 S13       ASTRAGALUS( )CICER OR CICER( )MILKVETCH
 S14       VICIA OR VETCH? OR CLOVER? OR TRIFOLIUM
 S15       WINGED( )BEAN? OR PSOPHOCARPUS( )TETRAGONOLOBUS
 S16       VIGNA OR CROWNVETCH OR CRONILLA( )VARIA
 S17       SWEET( )CLOVER OR MELILOTUS OR LUPIN?
 S18       BIRDSFOOT( )TREFOIL OR LOTUS( )CORNICULATUS
 S19       LESPEDEZA? OR SERICEA
 S20       SAINFOIN OR ONOBRYCHIS( )VICIFOLIA
 S21       FIELD/TI( )PEA?/TI OR PISUM( )SATIVUM
 S22       S8 AND (S10 OR S12 OR S13 OR S14 OR S15 OR S16 OR       
    S17 OR S18 OR S19 OR S20 OR S21)
 S23       S10 OR S22
 S24       S23/ENG
 S25       S24 AND SH=F130
 S26       S25 AND UD=8801:9999
 S27       S26 NOT TROPIC?
 
 1                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.9 AL2     
      Adaptation of alfalfa and other forage legumes to the semiarid 
          environment of the Great Plains.
 Townsend, C.E.
 s.l. : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research
 Service; 1979 Jul.
 Report of the Alfalfa Improvement Conference (26th): p. 20; 1979
 Jul.  Meeting held June 6-8, 1978, Brookings, South
 Dakota.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western states of U.S.A.; Medicago falcata;
 Medicago sativa; Dry farming; Range pastures; Forage legumes;
 Semiarid climates
 
 
 2                                        NAL Call. No.: SB203.P28 
 The adaptation, regeneration, and persistence of annual
 legumes in temperate pasture.
 Reed, K.F.M.; Mathison, M.J.; Crawford, E.J.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989.
 Persistence of forage legumes : proceedings of a trilateral
 workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 18-22 July 1988 / editors, G.C.
 Marten ... [et al.].. p. 69-89; 1989.  Literature review.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Trifolium subterraneum; Medicago;
 Species; Annuals; Legumes; Sown pastures; Geographical
 distribution; Cultivars; Adaptation; Soil types; Seed crops; Crop
 yield; Crop quality; Symbiosis; Rhizobium; Insect pests; Plant
 diseases; Nutritive value; Estrogens
 
 
 3                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.9 AL2
 Alfalfa as a grazing plant: what we know that ain't so.
 Hart, R.H.
 s.l. : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research
 Service; 1979 Jul.
 Report of the Alfalfa Improvement Conference (26th): p. 18; 1979
 Jul.  Meeting held June 6-8, 1978, Brookings, South
 Dakota.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Grazing effects; Regrowth;
 Forage crops
 
 
 4                                     NAL Call. No.: SF191.G4
 Alfalfa: careful management key to success in South.
 Fosgate, H.
 Macon, Ga. : Georgia Cattlemen's Association; 1991 Jun.
 Georgia cattleman v. 19 (6): p. 47; 1991 Jun.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Medicago sativa; Harvesting; Grazing;
 Experiments
 
 
 5                                     NAL Call. No.: SF191.G4
 Alfalfa drawing keen Southern interest.
 Ruark, E.
 Macon, Ga. : Georgia Cattlemen's Association; 1987 May.
 Georgia cattleman v. 15 (5): p. 34; 1987 May.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Alfalfa; Fodder plants
 
 
 6                                   NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Alfalfa in crested wheatgrass seedings.
 Kindschy, R.R.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Oct.
 Rangelands v. 13 (5): p. 244-246; 1991 Oct.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Alfalfa; Grasses; Agropyron; Seeding; Forage
 
 
 7                                      NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Alfalfa persistence and regrowth potential under continuous
 grazing. Smith, S.R. Jr; Bouton, J.H.; Hoveland, C.S.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989 Nov.
 Agronomy journal v. 81 (6): p. 960-965; 1989 Nov.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Medicago sativa; Cultivars; Grazing
 lands; Persistence; Regrowth; Grazing effects; Grazing
 intensity; Stand characteristics; Carbohydrates; Crop density
 
 Abstract:  Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) generally does not
 persist well under continuous grazing. Experiments were
 conducted under continuous grazing to compare the persistence and
 regrowth potential of an alfalfa germplasm (Georgia-Grazed
 Collection, GA-GC), selected for continuous grazing, with two hay-
 type (Apollo and Florida 77) and two grazing-type (Travois and
 Spredor II) cultivars. The germplasm and cultivars were subjected
 to continuous, heavy grazing by beef cattle for 18 weeks in each of
 3 yr to a height of 3 to 5 cm. Wire
 exclosures rotated at 28-d intervals on all plots were used to
 estimate the regrowth potential of each entry during the
 grazing period. Plant and stem counts were taken before and after
 grazing each year as estimates of stand persistence.
 Cultivars differed significantly for stand persistence after 3 yr
 of continuous grazing with 6 to 9 plants m-2 remaining for the hay-
 type cultivars and 40 to 48 plants m-2 remaining for grazing-type
 cultivars. The GA-GC maintained plant densities of 64 plants m-2
 while producing the highest forage regrowth compared with all
 cultivars. Total nonstructural carbohydrates (TNC) in roots at the
 end of 1986 and 1987 grazing seasons
 ranged from 256 g kg-1 for Florida 77 to 429 g kg-1 for
 Travois, suggesting that grazing tolerance may be related to the
 TNC concentration in roots of alfalfa that had been
 heavily and continuously grazed. This study indicates that
 selection for plant persistence under continuous grazing from a
 broad-based population improved the grazing tolerance of the
 resulting germplasm (GA-GC) while maintaining the potential for
 good forage yields.
 
 
 8                                     NAL Call. No.: QL750.A6
 Amount and diurnal distribution of grazing time by stocker
 cattle under different tall fescue management strategies.
 Coffey, K.P.; Moyer, J.L.; Brazle, F.K.; Lomas, L.W.
 Amsterdam : Elsevier Science Publishers, B.V.; 1992 May.
 Applied animal behaviour science v. 33 (2/3): p. 121-135; 1992 May. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Cattle; Grazing behavior; Duration; Diurnal
 activity; Festuca arundinacea; Grassland management;
 Endophytes; Trifolium repens; Oxytetracycline; Controlled
 grazing; Rotational grazing; Grazing systems
 
 
 9                                    NAL Call. No.: 1.98 AG84
 Ancient forage found useful.
 Hays, S.M.
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1991 Feb.
 Agricultural research - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Agricultural Research Service v. 39 (2): p. 18; 1991 Feb.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Sainfoin; Forage
 
 
 10                                     NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Animal evaluation of forages following several methods of
 field renovation. Koch, D.W.; Holter, J.B.; Coates, D.M.;
 Mitchell, J.R.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1987 Nov.
 Agronomy journal v. 79 (6): p. 1044-1048; 1987 Nov.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Hampshire; Heifers; Dairy cows; Sward
 renovation; Bromus inermis; Trifolium pratense; Phleum
 pratense; Forage; Medicago sativa; Digestibility; Nutritive value;
 Feed intake; Nitrogen fertilizers
 
 
 11                                     NAL Call. No.: 23 W52J
 Animal production from tagasaste growing in deep sand in a 450 mm
 winter rainfall zone.
 Oldham, C.; Allen, G.; Moore, P.; Mattinson, B.
 South Perth : Department of Agriculture, Western Australia; 1991.
 Journal of agriculture v. 32 (1): p. 24-30; 1991. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western australia; Cytisus; Fodder legumes;
 Grassland management; Grazing; Sheep; Cattle; Fleece weight
 
 
 12                                    NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7
 Annual output from grass and grass-clover hill swards grazed with
 ewes. McAdam, J.H.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1987.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (21): p.
 195-197; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Northern ireland; Hill land; Lolium perenne;
 Phleum pratense; Trifolium repens; Crop mixtures; Crop yield; Ewes;
 Grazing lands; Stocking density; Liveweight gains
 
 
 13                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Application of double normal frequency distributions fitted to
 measurements of sward height.
 Gibb, M.J.; Ridout, M.S.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Jun.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (2): p. 131-136; 1988 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Cattle; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens; Grass sward;
 Plant height; Grazing systems; Pasture management;
 Stocking rate
 
 
 14                                    NAL Call. No.: S590.C63
 Application of selenium prills to improve the selenium supply to a
 grass/clover sward.
 Coutts, G.; Atkinson, D.; Cooke, S.
 New York, N.Y. : Marcel Dekker; 1990.
 Communications in soil science and plant analysis v. 21
 (11/12): p. 951-963; 1990.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Sward renovation; Selenium; Grasses; Herbage;
 Clovers
 
 
 15                                        NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792 
 A basis for improved soil and water management for irrigated
 pastures in northern Victoria.
 Blaikie, S.J.; Martin, F.M.; Mason, W.K.; Connor, D.J.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1988.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 28 (3): p.
 315-319; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Victoria; Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne;
 Paspalum dilatatum; Pastures; Irrigated conditions; Soil
 management; Water management; Yields; Plant water relations;
 Canopy; Plant morphology; Leaf area; Leaf water potential
 
 
 16                             NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1S (1) no.424 
 Beef cow grazing systems compared on Eutaw clay forages
 evaluated include fescue, dallisgrass, Coastal bermudagrass, caley
 peas, white clover. King, C. C.
 Auburn, Ala. : Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn
 University,; 1971. 31 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Auburn
 University, Agricultural Experiment Station ; 424).  Caption title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants; Alabama; Pastures; Alabama
 
 
 17                                     NAL Call. No.: S539.5.R473 
 Beef production from low N and high N S 24 perennial ryegrass /
 Blanca white clover swards -- a six-year farmlet-scale
 comparison.
 Stewart, T.A.; Haycock, R.E.
 Harlow, Essex : Longman; 1984.
 Research and development in agriculture v. 1 (2): p. 103-111; 1984. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Northern ireland; Beef cattle; Beef production; Lolium
 perenne; Trifolium repens; Crop mixtures; Nitrogen
 fertilizers; Liveweight gains; Carcass weight; Profitability;
 Grassland management
 
 
 18                                   NAL Call. No.: SB193.P72
 Berseem and Persian clover production.
 Williams, W.A.; Graves, W.L.; Thomsen, C.D.; Miller, P.R.
 Madison, Wis. : The Department; 1989.
 Progress report, clovers and special purpose legumes
 research - University of Wisconsin, Department of Agronomy v. 22:
 p. 9-10; 1989.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Trifolium alexandrinum; Trifolium
 resupinatum; Lolium multiflorum; Dry matter accumulation;
 Crude protein; Adaptability; Nutritive value; Forage;
 Cultivars; Varietal reactions
 
 
 19                         NAL Call. No.: 275.29 Il62c no.649
 Better farming with a legume-grass program.
 University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus), Cooperative
 Extension Service
 Urbana, Ill. : University of Illinois, College of Agriculture,
 Extension Service in Agriculture and Home Economics,; 1949. 11 p.
 : ill. ; 28 cm. (Circular / University of Illinois,
 College of Agriculture, Extension Service in Agriculture and Home
 Economics ; 649).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; Illinois; Legumes; Illinois
 
 
 20                                  NAL Call. No.: SB160.N38 1988 
 Big trefoil: a new legume for pastures on fragipan soils.
 Kaiser, C.J.; Heath, M.E.
 Portland, Or. Timber Press; 1988.
 Advances in new crops : proceedings of the First National
 Symposium NEW CROPS, Research, Development, Economics,
 Indianapolis, Indiana, Oct 23-26, 1988 edited by Jules Janick, J.E.
 Simon. p. 191-194. maps; 1988.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lotus uliginosus; Fragipans; Adaptability;
 Cultivars; Agronomic characteristics; Uses; Nutritive value; Forage
 
 
 21                                 NAL Call. No.: 100 F66Ci no.49 
 Big trefoil a new pasture legume for Florida.
 Wallace, A. T.; Killinger, G. B.
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida, Agricultural
 Experiment Stations,; 1952.
 6 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular (University of Florida.
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; S-49.).  Caption title.  August
 1952.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Big trefoil
 
 
 22                              NAL Call. No.: 1 Ag84C no.625
 Birdsfoot trefoil and big trefoil.
 McKee, Roland,; Schoth, H. A.
 Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,; 1941.
 14 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. (Circular / United States Department of
 Agriculture ; no. 625).  Caption title.  Joint contribution from
 Bureau of Plant Industry and the Oregon Agricultural
 Experiment Station.  Bibliography: p. 13.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Big trefoil; Lotus corniculatus
 
 
 23                         NAL Call. No.: 100 C125 (2) no.421
 Birdsfoot trefoil in California.
 Peterson, Maurice Lewellen,; Jones, Luther Goodrich,_1894-;
 Osterli, Victor P. Berkeley, Calif. : College of Agriculture,
 University of California,; 1953. 15 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
 (Circular (California Agricultural Experiment Station) ;
 421.).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lotus; Lotus corniculatus
 
 
 24                                    NAL Call. No.: SF191.G4
 Birdsfoot trefoil--pretty flowers and good pasture.
 Hoveland, C.S.
 Macon, Ga. : Georgia Cattlemen's Association; 1990 Sep.
 Georgia cattleman v. 18 (9): p. 59; 1990 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Lotus corniculatus; Cultural methods
 
 
 25                                NAL Call. No.: 100 F66Ci no.146 
 Blue lupines for grazing and for soil improvement in Florida.
 Edwardson, J. R.; Forbes, Ian,_1920-; Wells, Homer D.
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida, Agricultural
 Experiment Stations,; 1963.
 7 p. ; 23 cm. (Circular (University of Florida. Agricultural
 Experiment Station) ; S-146.).  Cover title.  October 1963.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Lupines
 
 
 26                                   NAL Call. No.: 64.8 C883
 Botanical composition definition of tall fescue-white clover
 mixtures by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy.
 Petersen, J.C.; Barton, F.E. II; Windham, W.R.; Hoveland, C.S.
 Madison, Wis. : Crop Science Society of America; 1987 Sep.
 Crop science v. 27 (5): p. 1077-1080; 1987 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Festuca arundinacea; Trifolium repens; Pastures;
 Forage; Botanical composition; Infrared spectroscopy;
 Calibration
 
 
 27                                  NAL Call. No.: 1 Ag84Am no.22 
 A botanical synopsis of the cultivated clovers (Trifolium).
 Hermann, F. J.
 Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,; 1953.
 45 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Agriculture monograph ; no. 22).  Cover
 title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Clover
 
 
 28                                    NAL Call. No.: SF191.G4
 Burning boosts clovers chances.
 Macon, Ga. : Georgia Cattlemen's Association; 1988 Aug.
 Georgia cattleman v. 16 (8): p. 44. ill; 1988 Aug.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Mississippi; Clover silage; Weed competition;
 Prescribed burning
 
 
 29                         NAL Call. No.: 100 F66S (1) no.453
 Carpet grass and legume pastures in Florida their growth,
 composition and contribution to beef production.
 Blaser, Roy Emil,
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1948.
 36 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / University of Florida.
 Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 453).  Cover title. 
 Bibliography: p. 36.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Legumes as feed; Florida; Pastures; Florida; Beef
 cattle; Florida; Feeding and feeds
 
 
 30                                       NAL Call. No.: SB203.P28 
 A case study of white clover/ryegrass introductions into
 kikuyugrass on a commercial cattle ranch in Hawaii.
 Smith, B.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989.
 Persistence of forage legumes : proceedings of a trilateral
 workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 18-22 July 1988 / editors, G.C.
 Marten ... [et al.].. p. 387-394; 1989.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Hawaii; Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne;
 Pennisetum clandestinum; Sown pastures; Cattle farming;
 Grazing systems; Pasture management; Grazing trials;
 Liveweight gains
 
 
 31                          NAL Call. No.: 100 So82 (1) no.45
 Certain grasses and clovers worthy of cultivation in South
 Dakota..  Forage plants
 Williams, Thomas A.
 Brookings, S.D. : South Dakota Agricultural College and
 Experiment Station, 1895; 1895.
 19 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. (Bulletin / South Dakota Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; no. 45).  Caption title.  Cover title: Forage
 plants.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants; South Dakota
 
 
 32                              NAL Call. No.: 100 Io9 no.331
 Choosing legumes and perennial grasses.
 Wilkins, F. S.; Hughes, Harold De Mott,
 Ames, Iowa : Agricultural Experiment Station, Iowa State
 College of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts,; 1935.
 p. 92-152 : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Iowa Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; 331).  Cover title.  Includes index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Legumes; Varieties; Grasses; Varieties
 
 
 33                                  NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Classification and description of a collection of the legume genus
 Aeschynomene.
 Bishop, H.G.; Pengelly, B.C.; Ludke, D.H.
 Brisbane : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1988 Dec.
 Tropical grasslands v. 22 (4): p. 160-175. ill; 1988 Dec. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Aeschynomene; Species;
 Classification; Collections; Plant morphology; Agronomic
 characteristics; Geographical distribution; Forage legumes
 
 
 34                                       NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59 
 A CLIPS expert system for alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)
 establishment. Rhykerd, R.L.; Engel, B.A.; Jones, D.D.;
 Rhykerd, L.M.; Rhykerd, C.L. Jr; Rhykerd, C.L.
 Belleville, Pa. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1990.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 222-225; 1990.  Paper presented at the "Forage and Grassland
 Conference," June 6-9, 1990, Blacksburg, Virginia.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Indiana; Medicago sativa; Crop establishment;
 Expert systems
 
 
 35                              NAL Call. No.: 100 M66 no.415
 Clovers for Minnesota.
 Thomas, Herman La Motte
 St. Paul, Minn. : Agricultural Experiment Station, University of
 Minnesota,; 1952.
 27 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Agricultural
 Experiment Station, University of Minnesota ; 415).  Cover
 title.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Clover; Minnesota
 
 
 36                                      NAL Call. No.: 100 C12CAG 
 Cold-tolerant rose clovers.
 Drake, D.J.; Benton, R.W.; Carlson, H.; Graves, W.L.
 Oakland, Calif. : Division of Agriculture and Natural
 Resources, University of California; 1989 Nov.
 California agriculture v. 43 (6): p. 16-19; 1989 Nov.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Trifolium hirtum; Pasture legumes; Cold
 tolerance; Experimental plots; Seed collection
 
 
 37                                  NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Collection and characterization of germplasm resources of the
 forage legume Aeschynomene americana in Louisiana.
 Thro, A.M.
 Brisbane : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1988 Dec.
 Tropical grasslands v. 22 (4): p. 150-159. maps; 1988 Dec. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Louisiana; Aeschynomene Americana; Germplasm;
 Collections; Characterization; Forage legumes; Yields; Silty soils;
 Clay loam soils; Geographical distribution; Genetic
 resources
 
 
 38                         NAL Call. No.: 100 T25S (1) no.388
 Combinations of orchardgrass, fescue, and ladino clover
 pastures for producing yearling steers.
 High, Joe W.
 Knoxville : University of Tennessee, Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1965. 26 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Agricultural
 Experiment Station, University of Tennessee ; 388).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Tennessee; Beef cattle; Tennessee;
 Feeding and feeds
 
 
 39                                   NAL Call. No.: SB197.O33
 Commercial usage of improved pastures in the Australian
 subtropics. Mears, P.T.; Partridge, I.J.
 Brisbane : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1986.
 Occasional publication (3): p. 119-127; 1986.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Subtropics; Coastal areas; Pastures;
 Pasture management; Grasses; Legumes; Paddocks; Beef
 production; Economics; Integrated systems
 
 
 40                                  NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Comparative growth of some African clovers planted at
 different times. Akundabweni, L.S.; Lazier, J.R.; Lemme, G. St
 Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1991 Dec. Tropical
 grasslands v 25 (4): p. 358-364; 1991 Dec.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Ethiopia; Trifolium; Trifolium tembense;
 Trifolium rueppellianum; Trifolium subterraneum; Trifolium
 resupinatum; Trifolium fragiferum; Crop establishment; Sowing date;
 Harvesting date; Dry season; Rainy season; Dry matter accumulation;
 Crop yield; Crop density; Growth rate
 
 
 41                                     NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Comparative value of scarified and of unhulled seed of
 biennial white sweet clover for hay production.
 Wolfe, T.K.; Kipps, M.S.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1926 Dec.
 Agronomy journal v. 18 (12): p. 1127-1129; 1926 Dec.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Virginia; Melilotus officinalis; Seed
 germination; Scarification; Sowing; Crop yield
 
 Abstract:  The results indicate that unhulled biennial white sweet
 clover seed are superior from the standpoint of hay
 production to scarified seed. One season is too short a time for a
 test of this kind to give conclusive results but the
 consistency of the results lends weight to them. These results are
 presented with the hope that other agronomists will
 conduct tests to determine the comparative value of unhulled,
 scarified, and hulled but not scarified sweet clover seed for hay
 production.
 
 
 42                                        NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7 
 A comparison of grass/white clover with grass/nitrogen in an
 intensively managed dairy systems study.
 Bax, J.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1991.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (25): p.
 193-195; 1991.  In the series analytic: Management issues for the
 grassland farmer in the 1990's / edited by C.S. Mayne.
 Proceedings of a conference held November 26-27, 1990,
 Malvern, Worcestershire.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grasslands; Nitrogen fertilizers; Trifolium
 repens; Milk production
 
 
 43                                 NAL Call. No.: 100 M36S no.144 
 A comparison of nitrogen fertilized grasses with a grass-
 legume mixture as pasture for dairy cows.
 Leslie, J. I.; Hemken, Roger W.; Clark, N. A.
 College Park, Md. : University of Maryland, Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1966.
 iv, 20 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin A / University of Maryland,
 Agricultural Experiment Station ; 144).  Bibliography: p. 20.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Dairy cattle; Feeding and feeds; Grasses; Legumes as
 feed
 
 
 44                                      NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 A comparison of nitrogen fertilizers for spring and summer
 grass production. Swift, G.; Cleland, A.T.; Franklin, M.F.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (3): p. 297-303; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Scotland; Lolium perenne; Phleum pratense;
 Trifolium repens; Plant production; Nitrogen fertilizers;
 Yield response functions; Urea fertilizers; Ammonia; Spring
 
 
 45                                      NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 A comparison of the herbage productivity of Bromus wildenowii cv.
 Grasslands Matua with four cultivars of Lolium perenne
 when grown in association with Trifolium repens.
 Hopkins, A.; Patefield, W.M.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1989 Mar.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 44 (1): p. 31-39; 1989 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: England; Bromus catharticus; Lolium perenne;
 Trifolium repens; Cultivars; Herbage; Productivity; Yields; Mixed
 pastures; Mowing
 
 
 46                                   NAL Call. No.: SB193.P72
 Comparison of white clover in mixtures with orchardgrass and meadow
 fescue. Fraser, J.; Kunelius, H.T.
 Madison, Wis. : The Department; 1989.
 Progress report, clovers and special purpose legumes
 research - University of Wisconsin, Department of Agronomy v. 22:
 p. 11-14; 1989.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nova Scotia; Prince edward Island; Trifolium
 repens; Dactylis glomerata; Festuca pratensis; Crop mixtures;
 Persistence; Cultivars; Varietal reactions; Dry matter
 accumulation
 
 
 47                                     NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Compatibility of cicer milkvetch in mixtures with cool-season
 grasses. Townsend, C.E.; Kenno, H.; Brick, M.A.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1990 Mar.
 Agronomy journal v. 82 (2): p. 262-266; 1990 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Astragalus cicer; Crop mixtures; Bromus inermis;
 Bromus biebersteinii; Agropyron cristatum; Gramineae;
 Alopecurus; Dactylis glomerata; Plant competition; Crop yield;
 Forage; Interplanting
 
 Abstract:  Cicer milkvetch (Astragalus cicer L.) is a
 promising forage legume, but little information is available on its
 forage production potential, particularly in mixtures with grasses.
 The objectives of these studies were to: (i)
 determine the compatibility of irrigated cicer milkvetch (CMV) with
 seven cool-season grasses each planted in alternate rows, and (ii)
 compare the influence of three planting patterns on the
 compatibility of irrigated CMV with each of four cool-
 season grasses. The seven grass species used in the first
 study were: smooth bromegrass (Bromas inermis Leyss.), meadow
 bromegrass (B. biebersteinii Roem. and Schult.), crested
 wheatgrass [Agropyron cristatum (L.) Beauv. ssp. pectinatum (Bieb.)
 Tzvel.], intermediate wheatgrass [Thinopyrum
 intermedium (Host.) Barkworth & Dewey], pubescent wheatgrass [T.
 intermedium ssp. barbulatum Schur.)], tall wheatgrass [T. elongatum
 (Host.) Dewey], and creeping foxtail (Alopecurus
 arundinaceus Poir.). The grasses used in the second study were
 smooth bromegrass, meadow bromegrass, intermediate wheatgrass, and
 orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.). The soil was a Nunn clay loam
 (mesic Aridic Agriustoll). Tall wheatgrass did not persist beyond
 the second harvest year. There was little, if any, difference among
 the other six grasses for compatibility with CMV because by the
 sixth harvest year the amount of CMV in the mixtures ranged from 76
 to 83%. By the third harvest year, the legume content of the forage
 for the three planting patterns was similar and ranged from about
 80 to 90%. Once
 established, CMV was very competitive with all cool-season
 grasses and its forage yields alone and in grass mixtures were very
 similar to those of alfalfa.
 
 
 48                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Competition among seedlings of phalaris, subterranean clover and
 white clover in diallel replacement series mixtures.
 Hill, M.J.; Gleeson, A.C.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (4): p. 411-420; 1988 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Phalaris aquatica; Trifolium
 subterraneum; Trifolium repens; Seedlings; Plant competition;
 Growth; Mixed pastures; Plant establishment; Temperature;
 Defoliation
 
 
 49                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Competition between white clover (Trifolium repens L.) and
 subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) in binary
 mixtures in the field. Hill, M.J.; Gleeson, A.C.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (4): p. 373-382; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Trifolium repens; Trifolium
 subterraneum; Sown grasslands; Mixed pastures; Seedlings;
 Plant competition; Plant density; Crop mixtures; Crop yield;
 Herbage; Seeds; Dry matter accumulation; Seed mixtures
 
 
 50                                      NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 The contribution of different white clover cultivars to the
 nitrogen yield of mixed swards.
 Laidlaw, A.S.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (3): p. 347-350; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Northern ireland; Trifolium repens; Cultivars;
 Nitrogen content; Soil fertility; Yields; Mixed pastures; Leaf
 area; Plant morphology
 
 
 51                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Contribution of white clover varieties to total sward
 production under typical farm management.
 Evans, D.R.; Williams, T.A.; Mason, S.A.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Jun.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (2): p. 129-134; 1990 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Trifolium repens; Varieties;
 Mixed pastures; Lolium perenne; Monoculture; Crop yield; Dry
 matter; Nitrogen content
 
 
 52                                NAL Call. No.: 275.29 OK41C
 Control of Sericea lespedeza with postermergence herbicides. Altom,
 J.V.; Stritzke, J.F.
 Stillwater, Okla. : The Service; 1992 Feb.
 Circular E - Oklahoma State University, Cooperative Extension
 Service (905): p. 8-9; 1992 Feb.  In the series analytic:
 Range research highlights, 1983-1991 / edited by T.G. Bidwell, D.
 Titus and D. Cassels.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Southeastern states of U.S.A.; Range management; Weed
 control; Herbicides; Field tests
 
 
 53                                      NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7 
 Cool- and warm-season forage legume potential for the
 southeastern USA. Brink, G.E.; Fairbrother, T.E.
 Brisbane : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1988 Sep.
 Tropical grasslands v. 22 (3): p. 116-125; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Mississippi; Sheep; Leguminosae; Forage legumes;
 Seasonal cropping; Summer; Nutritive value; Palatability;
 Yields; Digestibility; Productivity; Crop quality
 
 
 54                                      NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7 
 Cool- and warm-season forage legume potential for the
 Southeastern USA. Brink, G.E.; Fairbrother, T.E.
 Brisbane : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1988 Sep.
 Tropical grasslands v. 22 (3): p. 116-125; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; Forage legumes; Crop
 yield; Sheep; Grazing; Nutritive value; Palatability; In vitro;
 Digestibility; Crude protein
 
 
 55                                      NAL Call. No.: S539.5.J68 
 Cool-season annual forage mixtures for grazing beef steers. Bagley,
 C.P.; Feazel, J.I.; Koonce, K.L.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1988 Apr.
 Journal of production agriculture v. 1 (2): p. 149-152; 1988 Apr. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Steers; Secale cereale; Lolium multiflorum;
 Trifolium vesiculosum; Trifolium repens; Grazing; Mixed
 pastures; Pasture management
 
 
 56                             NAL Call. No.: 100 N813 no.442
 Crested wheatgrass and crested wheatgrass-alfalfa pastures for
 early-season grazing.
 Whitman, Warren C.
 Fargo : Agricultural Experiment Station, North Dakota State
 University of Agriculture and Applied Science,; 1963.
 23 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / North Dakota Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; no. 442).  Bibliography: p. 22.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Wheat grass, Crested; Grazing; Great Plains
 
 
 57                           NAL Call. No.: 100 N45 (1) no.37
 Crimson clover.
 Rane, F. Wm
 Durham, N.H. : New Hampshire College Agricultural Experiment
 Station, New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic
 Arts, 1896; 1896. p. [41]-44 ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / New
 Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station ; 37).  Caption
 title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Crimson clover
 
 
 58                                   NAL Call. No.: 64.8 C883
 Cultivar and cultivar X environment effects on relative feed value
 of temperate perennial grasses.
 Casler, M.D.
 Madison, Wis. : Crop Science Society of America; 1990 May.
 Crop science v. 30 (3): p. 722-728; 1990 May.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Crop mixtures; Lolium perenne;
 Lolium; Dactylis glomerata; Phalaris arundinacea; Festuca
 arundinacea; Gramineae; Cultivars; Genotype environment
 interaction; Forage; Nutritive value; Fiber content; Ploidy;
 Varietal effects
 
 Abstract:  Cultivar evaluation trials for perennial forage
 grasses traditionally have emphasized forage yield and
 adaptation characteristics, such as maturity, pest
 resistances, and stress resistances. The objectives of this study
 were to evaluate cultivar effects and cultivar X
 environmental factor interactions for relative feed value
 (RFV) of several grass cultivars grown in binary mixtures with
 alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Grass species were ryegrass
 (Lolium spp., including perennial [L. perenne L.],
 intermediate [L. hybridum], and festulolium [Festulolium
 braunii K.A.]), orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), reed
 canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.), timothy (Phleum
 pratense L.), and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.).
 Relative feed value was computed, as an index of forage
 nutritive value, from neutral and acid detergent fiber (NDF and
 ADF). Cluster analysis revealed that environments based on similar
 cuttings and from the same year tended to cluster
 together. Only cultivars of orchardgrass, ryegrass, and
 timothy varied in RFV. Cultivar X environment interactions
 were species-specific. In orchardgrass and timothy, much of the
 variation was due to differences in cultivar maturity at first
 cutting. These maturity effects also carried over into second-
 cutting RFV for timothy. For perennial ryegrass,
 tetraploids ranked higher in Cut-1 RFV than diploids, but did not
 differ in Cut-2 RFV. Cultivars in at least three perennial forage
 grass species can be separated according to their RFV by replicated
 testing in multiple environments. Replication over at least eight
 environments is necessary to develop broad cultivar inferences. It
 was possible to discern consistent
 tendencies across environments only in orchardgrass and
 timothy, the species for which RFV was related closely to
 maturity.
 
 
 59                                   NAL Call. No.: SB203.P28
 Cultural practices influencing legume establishment and
 persistence in Australia.
 Gramshaw, D.; Gilbert, M.A.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989.
 Persistence of forage legumes : proceedings of a trilateral
 workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 18-22 July 1988 / editors, G.C.
 Marten ... [et al.].. p. 249-264; 1989.  Literature
 review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Forage legumes; Sown pastures;
 Persistence; Stress conditions; Crop establishment; Temperate
 zones; Cultivation methods; Pasture management; Mowing;
 Fertilizer application; Irrigation
 
 
 60                                   NAL Call. No.: SB193.3.G7S74 
 A decade of beef from a grass/white clover sward the
 Greenmount experience. Stewart, T. A.
 Antrim [Northern Ireland] : Greenmount College of Agriculture and
 Horticulture, [1988?]; 1988.
 20 leaves ; 28 cm.  Cover title.  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants; Northern Ireland; Beef cattle;
 Northern Ireland; Feeding and feeds; Clover; Northern Ireland;
 Clover as feed
 
 
 61                                   NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Dehydration effects on seedling development of four range
 species. Bassiri, M.; Wilson, A.M.; Grami, B.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1988 Sep.
 Journal of range management v. 41 (5): p. 383-386; 1988 Sep. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agropyron desertorum; Elymus junceus; Medicago sativa;
 Astragalus cicer; Rangelands; Seed germination;
 Drought; Dehydration; Seedling emergence; Semiarid zones;
 Roots; Excision; Growth
 
 
 62                                     NAL Call. No.: 10 J822
 Density of Trifolium repens plants in mixed swards under
 intensive grazing by sheep.
 Hay, M.J.M.; Brock, J.L.; Thomas, V.J.
 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press; 1989 Aug.
 The Journal of agricultural science v. 113 (pt.1): p. 81-86; 1989
 Aug. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Trifolium repens; Crop density;
 Mixed pastures; Pasture management; Rotational grazing; Ewes; Lambs
 
 
 63                                   NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Determination of root mass ratios in alfalfa-grass mixtures using
 near infrared reflectance spectroscopy.
 Rumbaugh, M.D.; Clark, D.H.; Pendery, B.M.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1988 Nov.
 Journal of range management v. 41 (6): p. 488-490; 1988 Nov. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Agropyron cristatum;
 Psathyrostachys juncea; Gramineae; Roots; Biomass
 determination; Infrared spectroscopy; Mixed pastures;
 Botanical composition; Carbohydrates
 
 
 64                                   NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Development and operation of the Minnesota Alfalfa Growers
 Program. Schriever, D.A.; Martin, N.P.
 Lexington, Ky. : The Conference; 1986.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 143-150. maps; 1986. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Minnesota; Medicago sativa; Crop yield; Forage;
 Quality; Analytical methods; Infrared spectroscopy; Farmers;
 Programs; Extension agents
 
 
 65                         NAL Call. No.: 100 N465 (1) no.400
 Digestibility of range grasses and grass-legume mixtures.
 Watkins, W. E.
 Las Cruces, N.M. : Agricultural Experiment Station, New Mexico
 College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts,; 1955.
 18 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / New Mexico College of
 Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Agricultural Experiment Station ;
 400).  Caption title. Bibliography: p. 13-14.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants; Range plants; Grasses
 
 
 66                                   NAL Call. No.: 64.8 C883
 Dinitrogen fixation, nitrogen transfer, and productivity of forage
 legume-grass communities.
 Heichel, G.H.; Henjum, K.I.
 Madison, Wis. : Crop Science Society of America; 1991 Jan.
 Crop science v. 31 (1): p. 202-208; 1991 Jan.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Lotus corniculatus; Trifolium
 pratense; Trifolium repens; Phalaris arundinacea; Rhizobium;
 Nitrogen fixation; Mixed pastures; Nutrient availability;
 Nitrogen content; Nitrogen cycle; Dry matter accumulation;
 Crop yield
 
 Abstract:  The extent of N2 fixation in legume-grass mixtures grown
 in the northcentral USA and the importance of legume to grass N
 transfer are not well understood. The objective of
 this 4-yr field experiment was to determine seasonal N2
 fixation and N transfer by stable isotope methods in swards of
 alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus
 corniculatus L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), and
 ladino white clover (T. repens L.) with reed canarygrass
 (Phalaris arundinacea L.). Alfalfa in mixture with grass fixed the
 most N2 per season (82 to 254 kg N ha-1) and ladino white clover
 the least (1 to 20 kg N ha-1). For all mixtures except birdsfoot
 trefoilgrass, fixation was greatest during Year 2 of the stands.
 The proportion of legume N from symbiotic fixation increased
 progressively from Year 1 through 4 and averaged
 >93% for all legumes in Year 4. Legume to grass N transfer was
 greatest in Year 2 of the stands and averaged approximately 36% of
 grass N across all mixtures. On a land area basis, N transfer in
 Year 2 ranged from 29 to 53 kg N ha-1 and was
 greatest for the ladino white clover-grass mixture. The
 decline in N transfer in Years 3 and 4 was associated with a loss
 in sward legume content, reduced whole-plant dry matter
 accumulation in legume and grass, and large losses in root-
 plus-crown dry matter accumulation by grass in Year 4. The
 results indicate that forage legumes in mixture with grass are
 virtually self-sufficient for N and can concurrently transfer
 appreciable N to the companion grass.
 
 
 67                                       NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6 
 The distribution and use of forage legumes in Australia.
 Helyar, K.R.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 2-19. maps; 1985. Literature review. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Bioclimate; Zoning; Pastures; Forage
 legumes; Geographical distribution; Species; Crop yield;
 Botanical composition; Grazing experiments; Wool production;
 Liveweight gains; Sheep; Steers; Stocking rate
 
 
 68                                       NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6 
 The distribution and use of forage legumes in New Zealand.
 Lancashire, J.A.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 20-33; 1985.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Forage legumes; Species;
 Geographical distribution; Crop mixtures; Pastures;
 Statistical data; Acreage; Pasture management; Crop yield;
 Cultivars
 
 
 69                                       NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6 
 The distribution and use of forage legumes in the United
 States. Knight, W.E.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 34-39. maps; 1985. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Climatic zones; Soil types; Forage
 legumes; Species; Geographical distribution; Utilization
 
 
 70                                        NAL Call. No.: 501 L84B 
 The dynamics of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture. I. The
 population dynamics of leaves and nodes per shoot axis. Hamilton,
 N.R.S.; Harper, J.L.
 London : The Society; 1989 Jul22.
 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London : Series B :
 Biological sciences v. 237 (1287): p. 133-173. ill; 1989
 Jul22.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium repens; Permanent pastures; Morphology;
 Growth; Dynamics; Leaves; Nodes (plant); Shoots; Responses to
 environment
 
 
 71                                      NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7 
 An economic comparison of three legume establishment
 technologies for speargrass dominant pastures.
 Macleod, N.D.; Cook, S.J.; Walsh, P.A.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1991 Jun.
 Tropical grasslands v. 25 (2): p. 225-226; 1991 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Heteropogon contortus; Pastures;
 Stand establishment; Grassland improvement; Cost benefit
 analysis; Sown grasslands; Sowing methods; Subtropics;
 Sustainability
 
 
 72                                   NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6
 Edaphic limitations and soil nutrient requirements of legume-based
 forage systems in temperate regions of New Zealand.
 Richardson, A.C.; Syers, J.K.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 89-94; 1985.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Temperate zones; Edaphic factors;
 Limiting factors; Forage legumes; Pastures; Soil moisture;
 Soil acidity; Soil temperature; Nutrient requirements; Crop
 establishment; Nitrogen fixation; Fertilizer application
 
 
 73                                  NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Effect of age of forage tree legumes at the first cutting on
 subsequent production.
 Ella, A.; Blair, G.J.; Stur, W.W.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1991 Sep.
 Tropical grasslands v. 25 (3): p. 275-280; 1991 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Leucaena leucocephala; Calliandra calothyrsus;
 Sesbania grandiflora; Gliricidia sepium; Age of trees; Cutting
 height; Cutting date; Cutting frequency; Crop yield; Leaves; Wood;
 Survival; Regrowth; Mortality
 
 
 74                                    NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Effect of chemical removal of grasses from pasture leys on
 pasture and sheep production.
 Thorn, C.W.; Perry, M.W.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1987.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 27 (3): p.
 349-357; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western australia; Sheep; Pastures; Leys;
 Grasses; Chemical control; Propyzamide; Pasture composition;
 Liveweight gains; Wool production; Forage legumes; Crop
 quality
 
 
 75                                        NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792 
 The effect of defoliation interval in winter on pasture
 productivity in winter and spring: a regional comparison.
 Belton, J.M.
 East Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
 Research Organization; 1990.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 30 (3): p.
 357-360; 1990. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Tasmania; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens;
 Weeds; Winter; Dry matter accumulation; Grassland management;
 Mowing; Spring
 
 
 76                                        NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7 
 The effect of early defoliation in the spring by sheep on the
 proportion of clover in a grass-white clover sward.
 Laws, J.A.; Newton, J.E.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1987.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (21): p.
 203-205; 1987.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: England; Grazing lands; Grasses; Trifolium
 repens; Sheep; Grazing behavior; Regrowth; Plant height
 
 
 77                              NAL Call. No.: 100 Or3S no.99
 Effect of fertilizers on irrigated grass-legume pastures on an
 Astoria soil series.
 Jackson, T. L.; Howell, Herbert B.
 Corvallis : Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State
 University,; 1967. 24 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Technical bulletin
 (Oregon State University. Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 99.). 
 Cover title.  Bibliography: p. 22.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; Legumes
 
 
 78                                         NAL Call. No.: 450 C16 
 The effect of N, P, S fertilizer, temperature and
 precipitation on the yield of bromegrass and alfalfa pasture
 established on a Luvisolic soil. Nuttall, W.F.; McCartney,
 D.H.; Bittman, S.; Horton, P.R.; Waddington, J. Ottawa :
 Agricultural Institute of Canada; 1991 Oct.
 Canadian journal of plant science; Revue canadienne de
 phytotechnie v. 71 (4): p. 1047-1055; 1991 Oct.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Saskatchewan; Bromus inermis; Medicago varia;
 Crop production; Grassland management; Nitrogen fertilizers;
 Phosphorus fertilizers; Sulfur fertilizers; Temperature; Crop
 yield; Rain
 
 
 79                            NAL Call. No.: 100 N465R no.167
 Effect of nitrogen fertilization on yield of grasses
 overseeded with vetch, Northeastern Branch Station.
 Williams, D. H.
 Las Cruces, N.M. : New Mexico State University, Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1970.
 4 p. ; 28 cm. (Research report ; 167).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; New Mexico; Tucumcari; Fertilizers;
 Vetch; New Mexico; Tucumcari
 
 
 80                                  NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Effect of plant density and cutting frequency on the yield of four
 tree legumes and interplanted Panicum maximum cv.
 Riversdale.
 Ella, A.; Stur, W.W.; Blair, G.J.; Jacobsen, C.N.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1991 Sep.
 Tropical grasslands v. 25 (3): p. 281-286; 1991 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Panicum maximum; Interplanting; Calliandra
 calothyrsus; Sesbania grandiflora; Leucaena leucocephala;
 Gliricidia sepium; Crop density; Cutting frequency; Survival; Crop
 yield; Leaves; Grass clippings; Rain; Dry season; Wet
 season
 
 
 81                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Effect of plant density on stolon growth and development of
 contrasting white clover (Trifolium repens) varieties and its
 influence on the components of seed yield.
 Marshall, A.H.; James, I.R.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (3): p. 313-318; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Trifolium repens; Varieties;
 Seed production; Plant density; Stolons; Plant development; Growth;
 Yield components; Inflorescences
 
 
 82                                   NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Effect of sodseeding method on ryegrass-clover mixtures for grazing
 beef animals.
 Mooso, G.D.; Feazel, J.I.; Morrison, D.G.; Willis, C.C.
 Belleville, Pa. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1990.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 256-260; 1990.  Paper presented at the "Forage and Grassland
 Conference," June 6-9, 1990, Blacksburg, Virginia.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Louisiana; Lolium multiflorum; Trifolium; Crop
 mixtures; Sod sowing; Haymaking
 
 
 83                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Effect of species and proportion of legume on herbage yield and
 nitrogen concentration of legume-grass mixtures.
 Mallarino, A.P.; Wedin, W.F.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (4): p. 393-402; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Uruguay; Trifolium repens; Trifolium pratense; Lotus
 corniculatus; Festuca arundinacea; Crop mixtures; Mixed pastures;
 Crop yield; Herbage; Crop quality; Nitrogen content; Dry matter
 accumulation
 
 
 84                                   NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Effect of stand density on alfalfa yield.
 Undersander, D.; Cosgrove, D.
 Columbia, Mo. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1991.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 252-254; 1991.  Meeting held April 1-4, 1991, Columbia,
 Missouri.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wisconsin; Medicago sativa; Stand establishment; Crop
 density; Crop yield
 
 
 85                                      NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 The effect of strategic use of fertilizer nitrogen in spring and/or
 autumn on the productivity of a perennial
 ryegrass/white clover sward. Frame, J.; Boyd, A.G.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 42 (4): p. 429-438; 1988 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Lolium perenne; Trifolium
 repens; Sward renovation; Productivity; Nitrogen fertilizers;
 Spring; Autumn; Grassland management
 
 
 86                                      NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 The effect of subsequent management on the success of
 introducing white clover to an existing sward.
 Sheldrick, R.D.; Lavender, R.H.; Parkinson, A.E.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 42 (4): p. 359-371; 1988 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: England; Wales; Trifolium repens; Grassland
 management; Sward renovation; Controlled grazing; Herbicides;
 Oversowing
 
 
 87                                    NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Effectiveness of superphosphate and crandallite-millisite rock
 phosphates on a deep, very sandy soil as assessed by plant
 growth and soil extractable phosphate.
 Bolland, M.D.A.; Baker M.J.; Lunt, R.J.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1987.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 27 (5): p.
 647-656; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western australia; Lupinus; Trifolium; Sandy
 soils; Superphosphate; Rock phosphate; Fertilizers; Fertilizer
 requirement determinatio; Physico-chemical properties; Soil
 fertility; Yields
 
 
 88                         NAL Call. No.: 100 T25S (1) no.249
 Effects of early and delayed grazing on orchardgrass-alfalfa-ladino
 clover pastures.
 Van Horn, A. G.; Whitaker, W. M.; Lush, R. H.
 Knoxville : University of Tennessee, Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1956. 22, [1] p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin /
 Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Tennessee ; no.
 249).  Bibliography: p. [23].
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Grazing; Tennessee
 
 
 89                                  NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Effects of irrigation, defoliation, associated grass and
 nitrogen on lucerne (Medicago sativa) as a component of
 pastures in sub-coastal central Queensland.
 Cameron, D.G.; Bishop, H.G.; Weeks, P.J.; Webb, A.A.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990 Jun.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (2): p. 75-80; 1990 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Medicago sativa; Mixed pastures;
 Cenchrus ciliaris; Panicum maximum; Irrigated pastures; Soil water
 content; Defoliation; Harvesting frequency; Nitrogen
 fertilizers; Soil fertility; Crop yield; Dry matter
 accumulation; Crop quality; Forage; Environmental factors;
 Edaphic factors
 
 
 90                                  NAL Call. No.: SK357.A1W5
 Effects of mowing on breeding bird abundance and species
 composition in alfalfa fields.
 Frawley, B.J.; Best, L.B.
 Bethesda, Md. : The Society; 1991.
 Wildlife Society bulletin v. 19 (2): p. 135-142; 1991. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Iowa; Medicago sativa; Mowing; Cutting frequency;
 Human activity; Wild birds; Density; Nesting; Survival;
 Wildlife
 
 
 91                                        NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792 
 The effects of native grass cover, species, herbicide and
 sowing method on legume establishment on the Northern Slopes of New
 South Wales. Lodge, G.M.
 East Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
 Research Organization; 1991.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 31 (4): p.
 485-492; 1991. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Pasture legumes; Seedlings;
 Sowing methods; Perennials; Annuals; Broadcasting; Crop
 establishment; Direct sowing; Grasslands; Ground cover plants;
 Grazing effects; Herbicides; Plateaus; Sheep; Stocking rate; Crop
 yield; Dry matter; Environmental temperature; Rain
 
 
 92                                     NAL Call. No.: 450 C16
 Effects of nitrogen fertilizer, cutting frequency, and
 companion legume on herbage production and quality of four
 grasses.
 Fairey, N.A.
 Ottawa : Agricultural Institute of Canada; 1991 Jul.
 Canadian journal of plant science; Revue canadienne de
 phytotechnie v. 71 (3): p. 717-725; 1991 Jul.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Alberta; Bromus inermis; Bromus biebersteinii; Phleum
 pratense; Alopecurus pratensis; Medicago sativa;
 Trifolium hybridum; Lotus corniculatus; Grassland management; Crop
 yield; Nitrogen fertilizers; Cutting frequency; Companion crops;
 Herbage; Grazing effects
 
 
 93                                        NAL Call. No.: 470 C16C 
 The effects of ozone and nitrogen fertilizer on tall fescue, ladino
 clover, and a fescue-clover mixture. I. Growth,
 regrowth, and forage production. Montes, R.A.; Blum, U.;
 Heagle, A.S.
 Ottawa, Ont. : National Research Council of Canada; 1982 Dec.
 Canadian journal of botany; Journal canadien de botanique v. 60
 (12): p. 2745-2752; 1982 Dec.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium repens; Festuca arundinacea; Rhizobium;
 Symbiosis; Nitrogen fertilizers; Fertilizer requirement
 determination; Growth; Regrowth; Crop production; Ozone
 
 
 94                                 NAL Call. No.: 100 L93 (1)
 Effects of pasture management systems on cow-calf productivity on
 loessial soils in Northeast Louisiana.
 Coombs, D.F.; Bartleson, J.L.; Rogers, R.L.; Saxton, A.M.;
 Huffman, D.C.; Alison, M.W.
 Baton Rouge, La. : The Station; 1989 Oct.
 Bulletin - Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station (815): 19 p.;
 1989 Oct. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Louisiana; Pasture management; Systems; Beef
 cattle; Calving; Programs; Sown pastures; Cynodon dactylon; Lolium
 perenne; Trifolium repens; Secale cereale;
 Productivity; Hay; Crop yield; Cows; Liveweight; Calves;
 Costs; Returns; Profitability
 
 
 95                                     NAL Call. No.: 421 C16
 Effects of sagebrush removal and legume interseeding on
 rangeland grasshopper populations (Orthoptera: Acrididae).
 Hewitt, G.B.; Onsager, J.A.
 Ottawa : Entomological Society of Canada; 1988 Aug.
 The Canadian entomologist v. 120 (8/9): p. 753-758; 1988 Aug. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Montana; Orthoptera; Population density;
 Interplanting; Legumes; Range management; Weed control;
 Artemisia
 
 
 96                                      NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 The effects of simulated continuous grazing on development and
 senescence of white clover.
 Jones, D.R.; Davies, A.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (4): p. 421-425; 1988 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Sheep; Trifolium repens; Grazing effects; Plant
 development; Senescence; Simulation analysis; Defoliation;
 Stolons; Dry matter
 
 
 97                                    NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Effects of soil water supply and temperature on the
 photosynthesis of white clover and paspalum in irrigated
 pastures.
 Blaikie, S.J.; Martin, F.M.; Mason, W.K.; Connor, D.J.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1988.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 28 (3): p.
 321-326; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Victoria; Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne;
 Paspalum dilatatum; Pastures; Soil water content;
 Temperatures; Irrigated conditions; Photosynthesis;
 Waterlogging; Soil drying; Yields; Productivity
 
 
 98                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Effects of spring defoliation and fertilizer nitrogen on the growth
 of white clover in ryegrass/clover swards.
 Davies, A.; Evans, M.E.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (4): p. 345-356; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Uk; Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne; Mixed
 pastures; Growth rate; Nitrogen fertilizers; Application date;
 Spring; Defoliation; Cutting; Herbage; Regrowth; Dry matter
 accumulation
 
 
 99                                    NAL Call. No.: 56.8 AU7
 Efficacy of various soil phosphate tests for predicting
 phosphate responsiveness and requirements of clover pastures on
 acidic tableland soils. Holford, I.C.R.; Crocker, G.J.
 East Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
 Research Organization; 1988.
 Australian journal of soil research v. 26 (3): p. 479-488;
 1988.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Trifolium; Phosphates; Soil
 testing; Fertilizer requirement determinatio; Growth;
 Responses; Acid soils; Soil classification; Physico-chemical
 properties of soil; Acid soils
 
 
 100                                  NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6
 Environmental and management limitations of legume-based
 forage systems in New Zealand.
 Sheath, G.W.; Harris, A.J.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 110-115; 1985.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Pastures; Forage legumes;
 Environmental factors; Limiting factors; Pasture management;
 Farming systems; Grazing systems; Animal production; Stocking rate;
 Feed requirements
 
 
 101                                    NAL Call. No.: 23 W52J
 Erosion potential of Phomopsis-resistant lupin stubbles.
 Carter, D.; Findlater, P.
 South Perth : Department of Agriculture, Western Australia; 1989.
 Journal of agriculture, Western Australia v. 30 (1): p. 11-14. ill;
 1989.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lupinus; Varieties; Phomopsis; Disease
 resistance; Stubble; Erosion control; Wind erosion; Grazing
 effects; Computer simulation; Simulation models
 
 
 102                         NAL Call. No.: 100 So8 (2) no.129
 Establishing stands of fescue and clovers.
 Park, J. K.
 Clemson, S.C. : South Carolina Agricultural Experiment
 Station, Clemson College,; 1961.
 12 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular (South Carolina Agricultural
 Experiment Station) ; 129.).  Caption title.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Fescue; Clover
 
 
 103                              NAL Call. No.: SB203.3.A43P6
 Establishment and early survival of nine pasture legumes
 oversown into natural pastures in northern Tanzania.
 Kusekwa, M.L.; Lwoga, A.B.
 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia : International Livestock Centre for
 Africa; 1986 Nov. Potentials of forage legumes in farming
 systems of Sub-Saharan Africa : proceedings of a workshop held at
 ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 16-19 September 1985 / edited by I.
 Haque, S. Jutzi, P.J.H. Neate. p. 490-504; 1986 Nov.
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Tanzania; Natural pastures; Oversowing; Forage
 legumes; Performance testing; Germination; Plant
 establishment; Survival
 
 
 104                        NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1s (1) no.327
 Establishment and maintenance of white clover-grass pastures in
 Alabama. Ensminger, L. E.; Evans, E. M.
 Auburn, Ala. : Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn
 University,; 1960. 22 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Auburn
 University, Agricultural Experiment Station ; 327).  Caption title. 
 Bibliography: p. 17.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: White clover; Alabama; White clover; Alabama;
 Fertilizers
 
 
 105                            NAL Call. No.: 100 M693 (3) no.696 
 The establishment and management of ladino clover in Missouri.
 Fletchall, O. Hale; Brown, E. Marion
 Columbia, Mo. : University of Missouri, College of
 Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1959.
 78, [1] p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Research bulletin / University of
 Missouri, Agricultural Experiment Station ; 696).  Cover
 title.  Bibliography: p. [79].
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Ladino clover; Pasture ecology; Missouri
 
 
 106                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Establishment and survival of Illinois bundleflower inter-
 seeded into an established kleingrass pasture.
 Dovel, R.L.; Hussey, M.A.; Holt, E.C.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1990 Mar.
 Journal of range management v. 43 (2): p. 153-156; 1990 Mar. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Panicum coloratum; Desmanthus; Mixed
 pastures; Sown grasslands; Crop establishment; Competitive
 ability; Plant competition; Plant density; Broadcasting;
 Direct sowing; Paraquat; Plowing; Biomass production
 
 Abstract:  The introduction of perennial legumes into warm-
 season grass pastures has been shown to improve both forage quality
 and animal performance. Illinois bundleflower
 (Desmanthus illinoensis (Michs.) MacM.) appears to have
 potential for pasture and range interseeding. This study
 investigated establishment methods and the competitive ability and
 longevity of this species when interseeded into kleingrass (Panicum
 coloratum L.) swards. Sabine Illinois bundleflower was drilled or
 broadcast into a mature kleingrass pasture
 either intact or suppressed by disking, paraquat (1-
 dimethyl-4-4 dipyridinium dichloride), or mefluidide (N-[2,4
 dimethyl-5 (trifuromethyl) sulfonyl-amino-phenyl]acetamide). Seed
 was sown in broadcast plots at 6.8 kg PLS/ha compared to 3.4 kg
 PLS/ha in drilled plots. Establishment data were only collected for
 1 year. The establishment year had a wetter than normal spring.
 Treatment effects on legume establishment could differ
 substantially from those found in this study in drier years. Both
 paraquat and disking treatments resulted in good establishment of
 the legume (greater than 10 seedlings m-2 in the establishment
 year). With the exception of disked plots, broadcasting at twice
 the rate of drilled plots resulted in similar seedling legume
 densities between the 2 seeding
 methods. Illinois bundleflower proved to be quite competitive under
 the conditions of this study. The legume component
 increased from 14% in the establishment year to 52% by the
 third year after establishment. Individual Illinois
 bundleflower plants survived for the 4 years of the study.
 Interseeding increased total plot yield in the second, third, and
 fourth years after establishment. Interseeded plots
 produced more biomass than noninterseeded plots 1, 2, and 3 years
 after interseeding.
 
 
 107                                  NAL Call. No.: 56.9 SO32
 Evaluation of a collection of Desmodium heterocarpon (L.) DC. from
 Southwest Asia.
 Kretschmer, A.E. Jr; Bullock, R.C.; Wilson, T.C.
 S.l. : The Society; 1990.
 Proceedings - Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida v. 49: p.
 94-99; 1990. Meeting held September 26-28, 1989, St.
 Petersburg Beach, Florida.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Desmodium; Grazing; Perennials; Legumes;
 Meloidogyne javanica
 
 
 108                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Evaluation of five shrubby legumes in comparison with
 Centrosema acutifolium, Carimagua, Colombia.
 Thomas, D.; Schultze-Kraft, R.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990 Jun.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (2): p. 87-92; 1990 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colombia; Steers; Grazing trials; Centrosema;
 Desmodium; Flemingia; Leguminosae; Shrubs; Grazing behavior; Diets;
 Dry season; Wet season; Seasonal variation; Range
 pastures; Forage; In vitro digestibility; Feeding preferences
 
 
 109                                        NAL Call. No.: 450 C16 
 An evaluation of the T-sum method for efficient timing of
 spring nitrogen applications on forage production in south
 coastal British Columbia. Kowalenko, C.G.; Freyman, S.; Bates,
 D.L.; Holbek, N.E.
 Ottawa : Agricultural Institute of Canada; 1989 Oct.
 Canadian journal of plant science; Revue canadienne de
 phytotechnie v. 69 (4): p. 1179-1192; 1989 Oct.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: British Columbia; Dactylis glomerata; Lolium
 perenne; Trifolium pratense; Trifolium repens; Mixed pastures;
 Fertilizer application; Timing; Nitrogen fertilizers; Spring; Dry
 matter accumulation; Crop yield; Forage; Crop quality;
 Nitrogen recovery; Nitrogen content
 
 
 110                                       NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792 
 An evaluation of three aerial pasture development methods on the
 Northern Tablelands of New South Wales, in terms of
 herbage on offer, botanical composition and animal
 performance.
 Dowling, P.M.; Robinson, G.G.; Murison, R.D.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1987.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 27 (3): p.
 389-398; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Pastures; Trifolium repens;
 Grasses; Aerial sowing; Sheep; Liveweight; Wool production;
 Botanical composition; Pasture composition; Biological
 production; Stocking rate
 
 
 111                         NAL Call. No.: 100 M76 (1) no.618
 Evaluations of grasses, legumes, and grass legume mixtures for
 irrigated pastures grazed by sheep under various fertility and
 management practices. Gomm, F. B.
 Bozeman, Montana : Montana Agricultural Experiment Station, Montana
 State University,; 1969.
 34 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. (Bulletin / Montana Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; 618).  Cover title.  Bibliography: p. 34.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Sheep; Montana; Feeding and feeds; Grasses;
 Montana; Legumes; Montana; Legumes as feed
 
 
 112                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Factors affecting successful sodseeding of cool season annuals into
 warm season perennial grasses.
 Bade, D.H.; Pratt, J.N.
 Lexington, Ky. : The Conference; 1988.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 201-206; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Pastures; Annuals; Sod sowing; Perennials;
 Grasses; Legumes; Pasture management; Crop management
 
 
 113                                  NAL Call. No.: SB199.T46
 Factors restricting the growth of subterranean clover in New South
 Wales and their implications for further research.
 Dear, B.S.; Cregan, P.D.; Hochman, Z.
 Australia : Australian Wool Corporation; 1987.
 Temperate pastures : their production, use and management /
 editors, J.L. Wheeler, C.J. Pearson, G.E. Roberts. p. 55-57; 1987.
 (Australian Wool Corporation technical publication).  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Trifolium subterraneum; Problem
 analysis; Grazing lands; Plant pests; Plant diseases;
 Cultivars; Cultural methods
 
 
 114                                  NAL Call. No.: 1.98 AG84
 Featuring a bloatless legume.
 Cooke, L.
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1992 Mar.
 Agricultural research - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Agricultural Research Service v. 40 (3): p. 8-9; 1992 Mar.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Lotus corniculatus; Tannins; Antibloat agents;
 Plant breeding; Disease resistance; Genetic
 engineering
 
 
 115                                   NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7
 Fertiliser levels to maintain a grass-clover sward on hill
 peat. Merrell, B.G.; Withers, P.J.A.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1987.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (21): p.
 125-127; 1987.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: England; Hill land; Peatlands; Grasslands;
 Clovers; Grasses; Crop mixtures; Fertilizer application;
 Botanical composition; Crop yield
 
 
 116                         NAL Call. No.: 100 N27 (4) no.501
 Fertilizer and legumes on subirrigated meadows.
 Brouse, E. M.; Burzlaff, Donald Frederick,
 Lincoln : University of Nebraska College of Agriculture and Home
 Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1968.
 19, [1] p. : ill., map ; 22 cm. (SB (University of Nebraska
 (Lincoln campus). Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 501.). 
 Bibliography: p. [20].
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Meadows; Nebraska; Irrigation; Meadows; Nebraska;
 Fertilizers; Legumes
 
 
 117                            NAL Call. No.: 100 K41Pr no.65
 Fertilizer experiments with pasture and alfalfa.
 Doll, E. C.; Hatfield, A. L.
 Lexington : Agricultural Experiment Station, University of
 Kentucky,; 1958. 11 p. ; 28 cm. (Progress report (Kentucky
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 65.).  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Alfalfa
 
 
 118                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Fertilizer requirements for maintenance of a perennial
 ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)/white clover (Trifolium repens L.)
 pasture growing on a humus iron podzol in N.E. Scotland. Rangeley,
 A.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (3): p. 263-272; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Scotland; Sheep; Lolium perenne; Trifolium
 repens; Pasture management; Fertilizer requirement
 determinatio; Humus; Iron podzols; Liming; Nitrogen fixation;
 Nitrogen fertilizers; Potassium fertilizers; Growth; Yields
 
 
 119                            NAL Call. No.: 100 F66Ci no.35
 Fertilizer should contain a source of sulfur for clover
 pastures in many areas of Florida.
 Neller, J. R.
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida, Agricultural
 Experiment Stations,; 1951.
 8 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular (University of Florida.
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; S-35.).  Caption title.  August
 1951.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Clover; Sulphur fertilizers
 
 
 120                        NAL Call. No.: 100 T25S (1) no.385
 Fescue pastures, under different management systems, and
 orchardgrass-clover for yearling slaughter steer production. High,
 T. W.
 Knoxville : University of Tennessee, Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1965. 20 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Agricultural
 Experiment Station, University of Tennessee ; 385).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Tennessee; Feeding and feeds;
 Pastures; Tennessee
 
 
 121                                    NAL Call. No.: S596.53.S69 
 Field response of three subtropical pasture legumes to lime, P and
 K on an acid sandy soil.
 Kruger, A.J.; Wassermann, V.D.; Van der Merwe, A.J.
 Pretoria : Bureau for Scientific Publications, Foundation for
 Education, Science and Technology; 1990 May.
 South African journal of plant and soil; Suid-Afrikaanse
 tydskrif vir plant en grond v. 7 (2): p. 147-154; 1990 May. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Acid soils; Sandy soils; Macroptilium
 atropurpureum; Stylosanthes guianensis; Aeschynomene; Lime
 (mineral); Phosphorus; Potassium; Nitrogen fixation;
 Symbiosis; Dry matter accumulation; Pastures
 
 
 122                            NAL Call. No.: 100 F66Ci no.19
 First-year yields from Louisiana White clover-Dallis grass
 pastureplots on Carnegie and Tifton sandy loams..  First year
 yields from Louisiana White clover Dallis grass pastureplots on
 Carnegie and Tifton sandy loams Gammon, Nathan,
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida, Agricultural
 Experiment Stations,; 1950.
 5 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular (University of Florida.
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; S-19.).  Caption title. 
 September 1950.  A contribution from the West Florida
 Experiment Station.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: White clover; Pastures
 
 
 123                                NAL Call. No.: 100 P381 no.555 
 Five legume-grass associations for silage and aftermath
 grazing for dairy cows..  Five legume grass associations for silage
 and aftermath grazing for dairy cows
 Sprague, V. G.
 State College : Pennsylvania State College, School of
 Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1952.
 10 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. (Bulletin (Pennsylvania State College.
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 555.).  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Silage; Dairy cattle; Legumes as feed; Grasses
 
 
 124                                    NAL Call. No.: SF5.W6 1983 
 Fixed stocking rate pasture systems : technique examples in plant
 species evaluation.
 Vartha, E.; Fraser, T.; Fletcher, L.; Hoglund, J.
 Tokyo, Japan : Japanese Society of Zootechnical Science; 1983. New
 strategies for improving animal production for human
 welfare : proceedings / the Fifth World Conference on Animal
 Production, August 14-19, 1983. v. 2 p. 623-624; 1983. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pasture management; Stocking rate; Medicago
 sativa; Lolium multiflorum; Lamb production
 
 
 125                                 NAL Call. No.: 100 C12CAG
 Foothill range management and fertilization improve beef
 cattle gains. Raguse, C.A.; Hull, J.L.; George, M.R.; Morris, J.G.;
 Taggard, K.L. Berkeley, Calif. : The Station; 1988 May. California
 agriculture - California Agricultural Experiment Station v. 42 (3):
 p. 4-8. ill; 1988 May.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Forage legumes; Range management;
 Fertilizer application; Nitrogen fertilizers; Phosphorus
 fertilizers; Sulfur fertilizers; Grazing; Nutrient
 improvement; Beef cattle; Liveweight gains
 
 
 126                        NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1s (1) no.435
 Forage and feed systems for beef brood cow herds grass-legume vs.
 grass + N pastures winter feeding of brood cows and
 calves.
 Cope, J. T.
 Auburn, Ala. : Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn
 University,; 1972. 27 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Auburn
 University, Agricultural Experiment Station ; 435).  Caption title. 
 Bibliography: p. 21.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Feeding and feeds
 
 
 127                                 NAL Call. No.: S542.A8A34
 Forage legumes and pasture development in Nigeria.
 Agishi, E.C.
 Canberra : Australian Centre for International Agricultural
 Research; 1985. ACIAR proceedings series (4): p. 79-87; 1985. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nigeria; Australia; Forage legumes; Pasture
 management; Green fodders; Browse plants; International
 cooperation; Research projects
 
 
 128                                NAL Call. No.: 275.29 T313
 Forage legumes for Texas.
 Pratt, J.N.; Dorsett, D.J.; Lovelace, D.A.
 College Station, Tex. : The Service; 1988 Sep.
 Leaflet L - Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Texas A & M
 University System (2209): 2 p.; 1988 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Fodder legumes; Pasture legumes
 
 
 129                                  NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3
 Forage legumes, January 1987-May 1990.
 MacLean, J.T.
 Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1990 Aug.
 Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculure,
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (90-76): 30 p.; 1990
 Aug.  Updates QB 88-71. Bibliography.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Fodder legumes; Pasture legumes; Bibliographies
 
 
 130                         NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1S (3) no.66
 Forage production of winter annuals sod-seeded on dallisgrass-white
 clover. Hoveland, C. S.; Smith, L. A.; Grimes, H. W.
 Auburn, Ala. : Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn
 University,; 1961. [3] p. ; 23 cm. (Leaflet (Auburn
 University. Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 66.).  Caption
 title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants
 
 
 131                                    NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Forage quality and yield of wheat-vetch at different stages of
 maturity and vetch seeding rates.
 Roberts, C.A.; Moore, K.J.; Johnson, K.D.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989 Jan.
 Agronomy journal v. 81 (1): p. 57-60; 1989 Jan.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Triticum aestivum; Vicia villosa; Sowing rates;
 Intercropping; Forage crops; Companion crops; Crop yield; Crop
 quality; Crude protein; Maturity stage; Protein content; In vitro
 digestibility
 
 Abstract:  Recent studies have shown that wheat (Triticum
 aestivum L.) grown in association with hairy vetch (Vicia
 villosa Roth) has a greater forage quality potential than
 wheat grown alone. The objective of this study was to evaluate the
 forage quality of wheat-vetch with four vetch seeding
 rates at different stages of maturity. In the fall of 1983 and
 1984, field plots were established at the University of
 Illinois South Farm at Urbana, IL. Wheat was planted alone at a
 rate of 324 pure live seeds (PLS) per square meter, on in
 combination with hairy vetch at rates of 0, 54, 108, or 162 PLS/m2
 in a Flanagan silt loam (fine, montmorillonitic, mesic Aquic
 Argiudoll) soil. The forage was harvested when wheat was in the
 boot, anthesis, and milk stages of maturity. Mixed
 samples and individual fractions were analyzed using standard
 forage quality procedures. The vetch proportion was 18.4 and 9.9%
 in 1984 and 1985, respectively. Dry matter yield
 decreased with increasing vetch seeding rate and increased (P less
 than 0.05) as the season progressed. Crude protein
 increased (P less than 0.05) an average of 46.8 and 22.9% in 1984
 and 1985, respectively, as vetch seeding rate increased from 0 to
 162 PLS/m2, crude protein was primarily contributed by the vetch
 fraction, which contained twice as much protein as did wheat in
 both years. Digestibility (P less than 0.05) increased an average
 of 12 and 1% as vetch seeding rate
 increased from 0 to 162 PLS/m2 in 1984 and 1985, respectively.
 Total cell wall concentration was not affected (P greater than
 0.05) by vetch seeding rate. We conclude that the forage
 quality of wheat-vetch sown with a vetch seeding rate of 162 PLS/m2
 was higher than that of wheat-vetch with lower vetch seeding rates.
 
 
 132                                    NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Forage selection by cattle grazing orchardgrass-legume
 pastures. Forwood, J.R.; Stypinski, P.; Paterson, J.A.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989 May.
 Agronomy journal v. 81 (3): p. 409-414; 1989 May.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Missouri; Steers; Dactylis glomerata; Medicago sativa;
 Trifolium pratense; Lotus corniculatus; Mixed
 pastures; Weeds; Cattle fattening; Grazing behavior; Feed
 preferences; Selectivity; Ratios; Selective grazing; Diets
 
 Abstract:  Animal performance can be improved by overseeding
 legumes into grass swards, but little is known concerning
 consumption of various legumes over time. This study compared
 selection of various legumes to grass and weeds, and gathered
 information helping in configuring grazing systems. Over two
 grazing seasons, esophageally fistulated steers (Bos taurus)
 sampled replicated pasture systems of; (i) orchardgrass
 (Dactylis glomerata L.) and red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) (OG-
 RC), (ii) orchardgrass and birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus
 corniculatus L.) (OG-BFT), and (iii) orchardgrass alone (OG) as
 spring and fall pasture near Columbia, MO. Steers also
 sampled the same treatments as summer hay regrowth, except
 that alfalfa [Medicago sativa L.] replaced birdsfoot trefoil in
 Treatment ii (OG-ALF). Grass dominated swards and steers diets, but
 selectivity ratios (SR) indicated no preferential selection for
 grass by steers. Dietary amounts of birdsfoot trefoil and red
 clover on pasture, and red clover and alfalfa on hay regrowth were
 similar, although availability of red
 clover was generally less than the other legumes. Thus, steers
 selected red clover to a greater extent over birdsfoot trefoil or
 alfalfa early pasture and hay regrowth, and avoided both species
 during the fall. Average SR values indicate
 selectivity for weed species was least on OG-RC followed by OG-BFT,
 OG, and OG-ALf. Diets from grass-legume systems
 contained similar amounts of weeds and legumes, but weed
 proportion increased with time.
 
 
 133                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Forage species adaptation to red earth soils in southern
 Queensland. Strickland, R.W.; Greenfield, R.G.
 Brisbane : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1988 Mar.
 Tropical grasslands v. 22 (1): p. 39-48; 1988 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Cassia; Stylosanthes; Digitaria;
 Urochloa; Legumes; Grasses; Forage; Species; Adaptation;
 Spread; Red earths; Persistence; Dry matter; Yields;
 Fertilizers
 
 
 134                                     NAL Call. No.: 49 J82
 Forage systems for beef production from conception to
 slaughter. I. Stocker systems.
 Allen, V.G.; Fontenot, J.P.; Notter, D.R.
 Champaign, Ill. : American Society of Animal Science; 1992
 Feb. Journal of animal science v. 70 (2): p. 588-596; 1992
 Feb.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Calves; Grazing systems; Forage;
 Nitrogen fertilizers; Legumes; Botanical composition; Medicago
 sativa; Festuca arundinacea; Grassland management; Barns;
 Liveweight gain; Silage; Hay; Digestibility
 
 Abstract:  Fall weaned Angus calves grazed stockpiled 1) tall
 fescue Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), 2) tall fescue-red clover
 (Trifolium pratense L.), or 3) tall fescue-alfalfa (Medicago sativa
 L.) or were barn-fed, 4) tall fescue hay, 5)
 orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.)-alfalfa hay, or 6) tall fescue
 silage from late October to early April during each of 5 yr.
 Infection of the fescue with Acremonium coenophialum
 ranged from 0 to 55%. There were two replications each of
 steers and heifers for each forage system in a completely
 random design. Each replicate was grazed by three Angus
 stockers, except for System 1, which was grazed by six
 stockers, for a total of 420 stockers. Each pasture replicate
 contained .8 ha (except System 1, which was 1.6 ha), and the
 stocking rate was one stocker per .27 ha. Fescue hay and
 silage were harvested each spring for barn-fed systems from the
 area stockpiled for grazing by cattle in System 1.
 Nitrogen fertilizer (90 kg/ha) was applied in early spring and
 again in early August, before stockpiling; no N was applied to
 stockpiled fescue grown with legumes. Daily gains by calves grazing
 stockpiled fescue-alfalfa were greater (P < .01) than by calves
 grazing stockpiled fescue-red clover or N-fertilized stockpiled
 fescue (.50, .33, and .34 kg/d, respectively), but fescue-alfalfa
 calves required more days (P < .01) of
 supplemental hay feeding (105, 60, and 36, respectively).
 Calves fed fescue hay in the barn gained more (P < .01) than those
 fed fescue silage. Feeding orchardgrass-alfalfa hay
 resulted in greater gain (P < .01) than feeding fescue hay or
 fescue silage (.50 vs .18 and .07 kg/d, respectively).
 Differences in gains paralleled differences in DMI by cattle fed
 either hay or silage. Grazing stockpiled fescue-alfalfa gave animal
 performance similar to that resulting from the
 feeding of alfalfa-orchardgrass hay and required approximately half
 as much conserved forage. Several forage systems can be
 successfully used to winter stocker cattle
 
 
 135                                     NAL Call. No.: 49 J82
 Forage systems for beef production from conception to
 slaugther. I. Cow-calf production.
 Allen, V.G.; Fontenot, J.P.; Notter, D.R.; Hammes, R.C. Jr
 Champaign, Ill. : American Society of Animal Science; 1992
 Feb. Journal of animal science v. 70 (2): p. 576-587; 1992
 Feb.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cows; Calves; Grazing systems; Forage; Hay;
 Digestibility; Body weight; Weaning weight; Botanical
 composition; Labor requirements; Sustainability; Legumes;
 Grasses; Harvesting frequency
 
 Abstract:  Six year-round, all-forage, three-paddock systems for
 beef cow-calf production were used to produce five calf crops
 during a 6-yr period. Forages grazed by cows during
 spring, summer, and early fall consisted of one paddock of 1) tall
 fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.)-ladino clover
 (Trifolium repens L.) or 2) Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.)-
 white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Each of these forage mixtures
 was combined in a factorial arrangement with two
 paddocks of either 1) fescue-red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), 2)
 orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.)-red clover, or 3)
 orchardgrass-alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), which were used for hay,
 creep grazing by calves, and stockpiling for grazing by cows in
 late fall and winter. Each of the six systems included two
 replications; each replicate contained 5.8 ha and was
 grazed by eight Angus cow-calf pairs for a total of 480 cow-calf
 pairs. Fescue was < 5% infected with Acremonium
 coenophialum. Pregnancy rate was 94%. Cows grazing fescue-
 ladino clover maintained greater (P < .05) BW than those
 grazing bluegrass-white clover, and their calves tended (P < .09)
 to have slightly greater weaning weights (250 vs 243 kg,
 respectively). Stockpiled fescue-red clover provided more (P < .05)
 grazing days and required less (P < .05) hay fed to cows than
 stockpiled orchardgrass plus either red clover or
 alfalfa. Digestibilities of DM, CP, and ADF, determined with
 steers, were greater (P < .05) for the orchardgrass-legume
 hays than for the fescue-red clover hay. All systems produced
 satisfactory cattle performance, but fescue-ladino clover
 combined with fescue-red clover required minimum inputs of
 harvested feed and maintained excellent stands during 6 yr.
 
 
 136                                      NAL Call. No.: SB193.P72 
 Four years of subterranean clover trials in a Mediterranean region
 of France first and potential use in farming systems. Masson, P.;
 Gintzburger, G.
 Madison, Wis. : The Department; 1989.
 Progress report, clovers and special purpose legumes
 research - University of Wisconsin, Department of Agronomy v. 22:
 p. 24-27; 1989.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: France; Trifolium subterraneum; Fodder plants;
 Adaptability; Mediterranean climate
 
 
 137                                       NAL Call. No.: QH540.A8 
 Gap size and regeneration in a New Zealand dairy pasture.
 Panetta, F.D.; Wardle, D.A.
 Australia : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1992 Jun.
 Australian journal of ecology v. 17 (2): p. 169-175; 1992 Jun. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Carduus nutans; Cirsium vulgare;
 Rumex obtusifolius; Trifolium repens; Trifolium subterraneum;
 Trifolium pratense; Seedling emergence; Plant competition;
 Weed competition; Plant colonization; Colonizing ability;
 Establishment; Trampling; Pastures; Survival
 
 
 138                                   NAL Call. No.: SF191.G4
 Georgia needs top quality forage.
 Williams, P.
 Macon, Ga. : Georgia Cattlemen's Association; 1987 Apr.
 Georgia cattleman v. 15 (4): p. 22; 1987 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Fodder plants; Legumes; Seed production
 
 
 139                                  NAL Call. No.: 100 C76S no.6 
 Grass and forage garden. Grass and legumes.
 Woods, Chas. D.; Phelps, C. S.
 Storrs, Conn. : Storrs School, Agricultural Experiment
 Station, 1890; 1890. 16 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Storrs
 Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 6). Caption title.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; Connecticut; Forage plants; Connecticut
 
 
 140                                NAL Call. No.: 100 M36S no.442 
 Grass and legume combinations for beef production.
 Burger, A. W.; Spurrier, E. C._1923-; Foster, J. E.
 College Park : University of Maryland, Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1952. 13 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin (Maryland
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 442.).  Cover title.  June,
 1952.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Legumes as feed; Grasses
 
 
 141                        NAL Call. No.: 100 C71S (1) no.529
 Grass-Alfalfa mixtures for grazing in Eastern Colorado.. 
 Grass alfalfa mixtures for grazing in eastern Colorado
 Dahl, B. E.
 Fort Collins : Agricultural Experiment Station, Colorado State
 University,; 1967.
 25 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin ; 529-S).  Bibliography: p. 24-25.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants; Colorado; Alfalfa; Colorado;
 Grazing; Colorado
 
 
 142                             NAL Call. No.: 100 Ar42 no.36
 Grasses and clovers.
 Bennett, R. L.
 Fayetteville, Ark. : Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station,
 1895; 1895. p. [159]-179 : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin (Arkansas
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; no. 36.).  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; Varieties; Clover; Varieties
 
 
 143                                NAL Call. No.: 275.29 M58B
 Grasses and legumes for intensive grazing in Michigan.
 Moline, W.J.; Middleton, J.M.; Plummer, R.
 East Lansing, Mich. : The Service; 1991 Nov.
 Extension bulletin E - Cooperative Extension Service, Michigan
 State University (2307): 6 p.; 1991 Nov.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Michigan; Fodder plants; Fodder legumes; Pasture
 plants; Grassland management
 
 
 144                          NAL Call. No.: S541.5.S6C5 no.81
 Grasses and legumes for South Dakota.
 Adams, M. W.
 Brookings, S.D. : Agricultural Experiment Station, South
 Dakota State College,; 1950.
 15 p. : ill., 1 map ; 23 cm. (Circular (South Dakota
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 81.).  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; Legumes
 
 
 145                               NAL Call. No.: S544.3.K4K42
 Grazing alfalfa.
 Lacefield, G.; Burris, R.; Dougherty, C.; Absher, C.
 Lexington, Ky. : The Service; 1990 Feb.
 ID - University of Kentucky, Cooperative Extension Service
 (97): 3 p.; 1990 Feb.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Bloat; Rotational grazing;
 Stocking rate
 
 
 146                                  NAL Call. No.: 64.8 C883
 Grazing management effects on aeschynomene seed production.
 Chaparro, C.J.; Sollenberger, L.E.; Linda, S.B.
 Madison, Wis. : Crop Science Society of America; 1991 Jan.
 Crop science v. 31 (1): p. 197-201; 1991 Jan.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Aeschynomene Americana; Crop yield; Pods; Seeds;
 Grazing effects; Grazing time; Grazing intensity; Stubble;
 Yield losses; Yield components; Autumn
 
 Abstract:  Aeschynomene (Aeschynomene americana L.) is a warm-
 season annual legume; to persist from year to year, its stands must
 regenerate from seed. Autumn grazing management must
 balance the need for seed yield with livestock needs for
 quality herbage. Aeschynomene was grown in pasture association with
 'Floralta' limpograss [Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & C.E.
 Hubb.] on a Pomona sand (sandy, siliceous, hypothermic Ultic
 Haplaquod) in 1987 and 1988. Our objective was to
 measure the influence of three postgrazing stubble heights
 (SH) and four closure dates (CD, the times when autumn grazing was
 discontinued) on legume pod yield and amount of herbage left
 ungrazed at season end. Aeschynomene pod yield per plant and per
 hectare decreased as SH decreased from 24 to 8 cm, and as CD was
 delayed from 1 wk before to 2 wk after first flower. Ungrazed plots
 yielded 350 and 500 kg of pod ha-1 in 1987 and 1988, while the
 earliest CD and tallest SH treatment yielded 90 and 180 kg ha-1.
 Pod yield declined with delayed CD because inflorescences per
 plant, pods per inflorescence, and pod
 weight decreased. Most pod yield components tended to decline with
 decreasing SH, but no significant differences were
 detected. Though pod yields were highest with early CD and
 tall SH, approximately 50% of total herbage produced for these
 treatments remained ungrazed at season end. Thus, contribution of
 aeschynomene is reduced during a time when perennial
 grasses do not meet the nutrient requirements of grazing
 animals. Because taller SH leaves more ungrazed herbage, a
 potentially useful compromise between high seed yield and
 maximum forage utilization is to graze aeschynomene closely (8-16
 cm), but to end autumn grazing before flowering.
 Additional utilization may be possible if grazing is resumed after
 most pods are mature, but nutritive value of this later herbage
 generally is low.
 
 
 147                                  NAL Call. No.: 64.8 C883
 Ground cover potential of forage grass cultivars mixed with alfalfa
 at divergent locations.
 Casler, M.D.; Walgenbach, R.P.
 Madison, Wis. : Crop Science Society of America; 1990 Jul.
 Crop science v. 30 (4): p. 825-831; 1990 Jul.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wisconsin; Medicago sativa; Crop mixtures;
 Festuca arundinacea; Dactylis glomerata; Lolium perenne;
 Lolium; Hybrids; Phalaris arundinacea; Bromus inermis; Phleum
 pratense; Cultivars; Genotype environment interaction;
 Persistence; Ground cover; Genetic variation
 
 Abstract:  Forage grass cultivars are often grown in binary
 mixtures with forage legumes. Because performance of grass-
 legume mixtures cannot be reliably predicted from pure stand
 information of the components, testing of grass-legume
 mixtures is necessary to develop reliable mixture
 recommendations. The objectives of this study were to evaluate a
 large number of cultivars of several temperate forage
 grasses in binary mixtures with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) for
 ground cover potential in a range of Wisconsin
 environments, and to develop and efficient cultivar screening
 program. Cultivars of nine species (146 total cultivars) were grown
 in at least one of five experiments. Experiments were seeded in
 spring of 1985 and 1986 at one of four locations
 divergent in both soil type and latitude. Grass persistence was
 determined after three growing seasons by evaluating the percentage
 of ground cover remaining. Grass species and genera varied in
 percentage ground cover, but were subject to
 interactions with years and locations. In general,
 orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) and tall fescue (Festuca
 arundinacea Schreb.) had the highest ground cover (76%).
 Variation in ground cover among cultivars was detected in all
 species except diploid perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.),
 tetraploid intermediate ryegrass (L. hybridum), and
 festulolium (Festulolium braunii K.A.). Cultivars interacted with
 locations and/or years for all species, except reed
 canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.). Cultivar X location
 interactions appeared partially due to latitude for smooth
 bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.), tall fescue, and most
 ryegrasses, and to soil type for timothy (Phleum pratense L.).
 Conclusions regarding the development of a cultivar testing program
 differed for most species. A reasonable compromise in Wisconsin, to
 allow for testing each species in common trials, would be to select
 one southern and one northern test site.
 
 
 148                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Growth and persistence of Mediterranean genotypes of
 midseason-late maturing subterranean clover (Trifolium
 subterraneum) in Victoria. Clark, S.G.; Hirth, J.R.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1987.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 27 (4): p.
 551-557; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Victoria; Trifolium subterraneum; Genotypes;
 Cultivars; Crop yield; Persistence; Seed production; Growth;
 Evaluation; Screening; Lateness; Maturation period
 
 
 149                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Growth and regeneration of summer-growing pasture legumes on a
 heavy clay soil in south-eastern Queensland.
 Keating, B.A.; Mott, J.J.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1987.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 27 (5): p.
 633-641. maps; 1987.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Leguminosae; Pastures; Growth;
 Regeneration; Summer; Clay soils; Physico-chemical properties of
 soil; Plant density; Population dynamics; Soil salinity
 
 
 150                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Growth, colonization and productivity of two white clover
 cultivars strip-seeded into an upland Festuca-Agrostis sward.
 Williams, E.D.; Hayes, M.J.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (3): p. 315-324; 1990 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Festuca; Agrostis; Mixed
 pastures; Upland areas; Drilling; Strip cropping; Trifolium repens;
 Cultivars; Seedlings; Growth rate; Colonizing ability; Herbage;
 Crop yield; Varietal effects; Crop quality;
 Artificial defoliation; Crop establishment
 
 
 151                                       NAL Call. No.: 450 J829 
 The growth, distribution and neighbour relationships of
 Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture. V. The coevolution of
 competitors.
 Turkington, R.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific; 1989 Sep.
 Journal of ecology v. 77 (3): p. 717-733. ill; 1989 Sep. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Permanent pasture; Trifolium repens; Plant
 communities
 
 
 152                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Growth of grass/clover mixtures during winter.
 Woledge, J.; Tewson, V.; Davidson, I.A.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Jun.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (2): p. 191-202; 1990 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens; Mixed pastures;
 Growth rate; Winter; Crop yield; Canopy; Dry matter
 accumulation; Yield components; Leaf area index; Shoots
 
 
 153                                 NAL Call. No.: 100 C12CAG
 Hardseeded Spanish subclover finds a place in southern
 California. Graves, W.L.; Kay, B.L.; Weitkamp, W.H.; George, M.R.
 Berkeley, Calif. : The Station; 1987 Nov.
 California agriculture - California Agricultural Experiment Station
 v. 41 (11/12): p. 8-10. ill; 1987 Nov.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Trifolium subterraneum; Trifolium
 hirtum; Medicago; Cultivars; Seed longevity; Field tests;
 Grassland improvement
 
 
 154                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.H4 1985 
 Hay and pasture seedings for the central and northern Great
 Plains., 4th ed. Moore, R.A.; Lorenz, R.J.
 Ames, Iowa, U.S.A. : Iowa State University Press; 1985.
 Forages : the science of grassland agriculture / under the
 editorial authorship of Maurice E. Heath, Robert F. Barnes, Darrel
 S. Metcalfe ; with 107 additional contributing authors. p. 371-379.
 ill., maps; 1985.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Climate; Vegetation types; Forage crops; Hay;
 Pastures; Adaptation; Species; Cultivars; Grasses;
 Legumes; Establishment; Sowing methods; Sowing rates; Forage;
 Quality
 
 
 155                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Herbage productivity of a range of grass species in
 association with white clover.
 Frame, J.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Mar.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (1): p. 57-64; 1990 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium repens; Mixed pastures; Grasses;
 Festuca rubra; Lolium perenne; Cynosurus cristatus; Poa
 pratensis; Holcus lanatus; Agrostis stolonifera; Poa
 trivialis; Dry matter accumulation; Herbage; Grazing effects;
 Simulation; Persistence
 
 
 156                                   NAL Call. No.: S601.A34
 Husbandry methods and farm systems in industrialised countries
 which use lower levels of external inputs: a review.
 Wagstaff, H.
 Amsterdam : Elsevier; 1987 May.
 Agriculture, ecosystems and environment v. 19 (1): p. 1-28; 1987
 May. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Industrial countries; Farming systems; Cropping
 systems; Environmental impact reporting; Controlled grazing; Animal
 husbandry; Organic farming; Organic fertilizers;
 Rotations; Legumes; Improved varieties; Pasture management;
 Irrigation
 
 
 157                            NAL Call. No.: 100 N46S no.492
 Improved pastures from better grasses and legumes.
 Cox, H. R.; Ahlgren, Gilbert H.
 New Brunswick, N.J. : New Jersey Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1945. 11 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular (New Jersey
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 492.).  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures
 
 
 158                                   NAL Call. No.: 60.9 AL2
 Improving alfalfa for rangeland use.
 Wilton, A.C.
 s.l. : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research
 Service; 1979 Jul.
 Report of the Alfalfa Improvement Conference (26th): p. 22; 1979
 Jul.  Meeting held June 6-8, 1978, Brookings, South
 Dakota.  Includes abstract.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Range pastures; Environmental
 factors; Selection criteria
 
 
 159                                    NAL Call. No.: 23 W52J
 Improving lupin pod setting and yield.
 Delane, R.; Gladstones, J.
 South Perth : Department of Agriculture, Western Australia; 1988.
 Journal of agriculture, Western Australia v. 29 (3): p. 83-87.
 ill., maps; 1988.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Lupinus angustifolius; High yielding
 varieties; Pods; Yield increases; Plant breeding; Flowers;
 Water use; Growth; Research
 
 
 160                                    NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Indirect estimation of botanical composition of alfalfa-smooth
 bromegrass mixtures.
 Moore, K.J.; Roberts, C.A.; Fritz, J.O.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1990 Mar.
 Agronomy journal v. 82 (2): p. 287-290; 1990 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Bromus inermis; Mixed pastures;
 Botanical composition; Prediction; Indirect methods; Chemical
 constituents of plants; Fiber content; Crude protein; Infrared
 spectroscopy
 
 Abstract:  Botanical composition of grass-legume mixtures
 greatly influences the productivity and quality of the sward and is
 therefore an important variable in many agronomic
 studies. Four indirect methods of estimating the botanical
 composition of mixed swards of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and
 smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) were evaluated to
 determine their relative efficacy. The methods were the
 constituent differential method using either neutral detergent
 fiber (NDF) concentration or crude protein (CP) concentration as
 variables, a modified constituent differential method where NDF and
 CP concentrations were used simultaneously as
 variables, and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS). Mean
 deviations of predicted alfalfa percentages from known values were
 lowest for NIRS at all stages of maturity and
 averaged 1.5 percentage units. Of the constituent differential
 procedures, NDF was the most reliable variable for predicting
 alfalfa percentage over all maturities with deviations
 averaging 2.9 percentage units. Based upon the results of this
 study, NIRS would be the preferred method for estimating
 botanical composition of grass-legume mixtures; however, in cases
 where NIRS is unavailable or inappropriate, the
 constituent differential method using NDF as a single variable
 would be an acceptable alternative.
 
 
 161                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Influence of an acid soil on the herbage yield and nodulation of
 five annual pasture legumes.
 Evans, J.; O'Connor, G.E.
 East Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
 Research Organization; 1990.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 30 (1): p. 55-60;
 1990. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Medicago; Trifolium; Legumes;
 Pastures; Crop yield; Dry matter; Liming; Nodulation;
 Nutritional value; Sandy loam soils; Soil acidity; Soil ph
 
 
 162                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Influence of grazing sheep and cattle together and separately on
 soils, plants and animals.
 Abaye, A.O.; Allen, V.G.; Fontenot, J.P.
 Columbia, Mo. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1991.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 269-272; 1991.  Meeting held April 1-4, 1991, Columbia,
 Missouri.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Sheep; Cattle; Grazing systems; Poa pratensis;
 Trifolium repens; Pastures; Liveweight gain
 
 
 163                                       NAL Call. No.: 470 C16C 
 The influence of mowing, fertilization, and plant removal on the
 botanical composition of an artificial sward.
 Parish, R.; Turkington, R.; Klein, E.
 Ottawa, Ont. : National Research Council of Canada; 1990 May.
 Canadian journal of botany; Journal canadien de botanique v. 68
 (5): p. 1080-1085; 1990 May.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: British Columbia; Dactylis glomerata; Lolium;
 Trifolium; Gramineae; Pasture management; Botanical
 composition; Mowing; Fertilizer application
 
 
 164                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 The influence of tall fescue on germination, seedling growth and
 yield of birdsfoot trefoil.
 Stephenson, R.J.; Posler, G.L.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (3): p. 273-278; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Kansas; Festuca arundinacea; Lotus corniculatus; Seed
 germination; Seedling emergence; Growth; Yields;
 Allelopathy; Physico-chemical properties; Pasture management; Crop
 mixtures
 
 
 165                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Ingestive behaviour of beef cattle grazing alfalfa (Medicago sativa
 L.). Dougherty, C.T.; Smith, E.M.; Bradley, N.W.;
 Forbes, T.D.A.; Cornelius, P.L.; Lauriault, L.M.; Arnold, C.D.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Jun.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (2): p. 121-130; 1988 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Kentucky; Beef cattle; Medicago sativa; Grazing
 systems; Ingestion; Feeding behavior; Simulation models;
 Regrowth; Pasture management
 
 
 166                                  NAL Call. No.: SB199.T46
 Integrated irrigated pasture systems for southern New South Wales.
 Dawe, S.T.; Lattimore, M.E.
 Australia : Australian Wool Corporation; 1987.
 Temperate pastures : their production, use and management /
 editors, J.L. Wheeler, C.J. Pearson, G.E. Roberts. p. 495-497;
 1987. (Australian Wool Corporation technical publication). 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Sheep; Trifolium repens;
 Medicago sativa; Grazing lands; Grazing systems; Irrigation
 systems; Lamb production
 
 
 167                                  NAL Call. No.: SF601.C66
 Intensified rotational grazing.
 Johnson, E.G.
 Lawrenceville, N.J. : Veterinary Learning Systems Company;
 1989 Sep. The Compendium on continuing education for the
 practicing veterinarian v. 11 (9): p. 1135-1137; 1989 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Supplementary feeding; Rotational
 grazing; Alfalfa; Weight gain
 
 
 168                              NAL Call. No.: S79.E3 no.698
 Interplanted legumes in Johnsongrass.
 Bennett, Hugh W.; Merwine, Norman Charles,
 State College : Mississippi State University, Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1964.
 11 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Mississippi Agricultural Experiment
 Station ; 698).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Johnson grass; Mississippi; Legumes; Mississippi;
 Companion planting; Mississippi
 
 
 169                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Interplanting crested wheatgrass with shrubs and alfalfa:
 effects of competition and preferential clipping.
 Pendery, B.M.; Provenza, F.D.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1987 Nov.
 Journal of range management v. 40 (6): p. 514-520; 1987 Nov. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Utah; Agropyron desertorum; Agropyron cristatum;
 Medicago sativa; Interplanting; Artemisia tridentata; Atriplex
 canescens; Kochia prostrata; Plant competition; Transplanting;
 Cutting; Crop yield; Rrangelands; Growth
 
 
 170                               NAL Call. No.: S544.3.N9C46
 Interseeding native pasture.
 Dodds, D.L.; Manske, L.
 Fargo : The University; 1987 May.
 NDSU Extension Service [publication] - North Dakota State
 University v.): 2 p.; 1987 May.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North Dakota; Grassland management;
 Interplanting; Medicago sativa; Crop yield; Grazing
 
 
 171                                  NAL Call. No.: SB203.3.A43P6 
 The introduction of forage legumes into Gambian farming
 systems. Russo, S.L.
 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia : International Livestock Centre for
 Africa; 1986 Nov. Potentials of forage legumes in farming
 systems of Sub-Saharan Africa : proceedings of a workshop held at
 ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 16-19 September 1985 / edited by I.
 Haque, S. Jutzi, P.J.H. Neate. p. 255-264; 1986 Nov.
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Gambia; Cropping systems; Forage legumes;
 Introduced species; Pastures; Grazing; Trials; Intercropping;
 Forage; Chemical composition
 
 
 172                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 The introduction of red or white clover into a perennial grass
 sward. Curll, M.L.; Gleeson, A.C.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 42 (4): p. 397-403; 1988 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Phalaris aquatica; Trifolium
 repens; Trifolium pratense; Grassland management; Sward
 renovation; Sowing; Plant introduction
 
 
 173                              NAL Call. No.: SB193.H4 1985
 Irrigated pastures., 4th ed.
 Nichols, J.T.; Clanton, D.C.
 Ames, Iowa, U.S.A. : Iowa State University Press; 1985.
 Forages : the science of grassland agriculture / under the
 editorial authorship of Maurice E. Heath, Robert F. Barnes, Darrel
 S. Metcalfe ; with 107 additional contributing authors. p. 507-516.
 ill; 1985.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Irrigated conditions; Grasses; Legumes; Crop
 mixtures; Sowing methods; Irrigation scheduling;
 Fertilizer application; Utilization; Grazing; Animal
 production; Nutritive value
 
 
 174                        NAL Call. No.: 100 T25S (1) no.296
 Irrigation of clover-grass pastures..  Irrigation of clover grass
 pastures Parks, W. L.; Chapman, E. J.; Overton, Joseph R.
 Knoxville : University of Tennessee, Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1959. 15 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Agricultural
 Experiment Station, University of Tennessee ; 296).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Tennessee; Irrigation
 
 
 175                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Irrigation water for vegetation establishment.
 Ries, R.E.; Sandoval, F.M.; Power, J.F.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1988 May.
 Journal of range management v. 41 (3): p. 210-215; 1988 May. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North Dakota; Range management; Grasses; Forage
 legumes; Plant establishment; Regeneration; Irrigation
 requirements; Irrigated conditions; Soil salinity; Soil
 alkalinity; Water composition and quality
 
 
 176                                      NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59 
 Kura clover yield and quality under sheep grazing and
 clipping. Peterson, P.R.; Sheaffer, C.C.; Jordan, R.M.
 Georgetown, Tx. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1992.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference v. 1: p.
 185-189; 1992. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Minnesota; Trifolium ambiguum; Sheep; Grazing
 systems; Crop yield
 
 
 177                        NAL Call. No.: 100 OH3S (2) no.684
 Ladino clover for Ohio farms.
 Thatcher, L. E.; Dodd, David Rollin,_1889-; Willard, C. J.
 Wooster, Ohio : Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1948. [28]
 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Research bulletin / Ohio Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; 684).  Cover title.  Bibliography: p.
 [28].
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Ladino clover; Pastures; Ohio
 
 
 178                                        NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P 
 Lamb production on wheatgrasses and wheatgrass-sainfoin
 mixtures. Karnezos, T.P.; Matches, A.G.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1991 Mar.
 Agronomy journal v. 83 (2): p. 278-286; 1991 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Lambs; Lamb production; Grazing trials; Forage;
 Agropyron cristatum; Agropyron desertorum; Hybrids; Elymus hispidus
 subsp. barbulatus; Elymus elongatus;
 Onobrychis viciifolia; Crop mixtures; Mixed pastures;
 Monoculture; Rotational grazing; Liveweight gain; Feed intake; Feed
 conversion; Herbage; Nutritive value; Crude protein;
 Digestibility
 
 Abstract:  Previous research indicates that wheatgrasses
 (Agropyron and Thinopyron spp.) and sainfoin (Onobrychis spp.)
 produce high quality forage from early spring to summer on the
 Southern Great Plains. Little information is available on
 their potential for lamb (Ovis aries L.) production under
 grazing. Our objective was to determine levels of spring lamb
 production from three irrigated wheatgrasses, 'Hycrest' [A.
 cristatum (L.) Gaertner X A. desertorum (Fischer ex Link)
 Shatters], 'Luna' [T. intermedium subsp. barbulatum (Schur) Barkw.
 and D.R. Dewey], and 'Jose' [T. ponticum (Podp.) Barkw. and D.R.
 Dewey], grown alone and with 'Renumex' sainfoin (O. viciifolia
 Scop.). Replicated pastures grown on a Pullman clay loam (fine,
 mixed thermic Torrertic Paleustoll) were
 rotationally grazed (herbage allowance of 6.5% of body wt.
 d-1) by weaned Rambouillet X Suffolk wether lambs for an
 average of 77 d in spring of 1987 and 1988. Seasonal average daily
 gain (ADG) ranged between 45 and 69 g d-1 for
 monocultures and between 80 and 104 g d-1 for mixtures. Lamb
 production per hectare (PROD) for all mixtures was similar
 (463 kg ha-1), but higher than for monocultures (238 kg ha-1).
 Mixtures compared to monocultures had greater ADC (63%), feed
 conversion (55%), and intake (23%). For Jose and Jose-
 sainfoin, poor ADG after Week 7 was associated with low
 herbage crude protein (92-135 g kg-1) and organic matter
 digestibility (550-570 g kg-1). Jose (12.2 Mg ha-1) had the highest
 herbage accumulation and Hycrest (7.31 Mg ha-1) the lowest.
 Wheatgrasses, particularly when grown with sainfoin, provide good
 PROD during spring and early summer.
 
 
 179                                  NAL Call. No.: SB203.P28
 Legume establishment and harvest management in the U.S.A.
 Sheaffer, C.C.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989.
 Persistence of forage legumes : proceedings of a trilateral
 workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 18-22 July 1988 / editors, G.C.
 Marten ... [et al.].. p. 277-291; 1989.  Literature
 review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Forage legumes; Sown pastures; Stress
 conditions; Stand establishment; Seedlings; Persistence; No-
 tillage; Plant competition; Weed competition; Harvesting;
 Techniques; Grazing intensity
 
 
 180                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.P72
 Legume investigations in west Florida.
 Dunavin, L.S.
 Madison, Wis. : The Department; 1989.
 Progress report, clovers and special purpose legumes
 research - University of Wisconsin, Department of Agronomy v. 22:
 p. 20-21; 1989.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Florida; Fodder plants; Research projects
 
 
 181                                  NAL Call. No.: SF951.E62
 Legume management.
 Hintz, H.F.
 Santa Barbara, Calif. : Veterinary Practice Publishing
 Company; 1991 Jan. Equine practice v. 13 (1): p. 8-9; 1991
 Jan.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Lotus corniculatus; Crop
 management; Grazing
 
 
 182                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.P72
 Legume research in north Georgia.
 Hoveland, C.S.
 Madison, Wis. : The Department; 1989.
 Progress report, clovers and special purpose legumes
 research - University of Wisconsin, Department of Agronomy v. 22:
 p. 28-30; 1989.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Trifolium ambiguum; Lotus corniculatus; Plant
 introduction; Crop quality; Forage
 
 
 183                                    NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Legume species and proportion effects on symbiotic dinitrogen
 fixation in legume-grass mixtures.
 Mallarino, A.P.; Wedin, W.F.; Goyenola, R.S.; Perdomo, C.H.; West,
 C.P. Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1990 Jul.
 Agronomy journal v. 82 (4): p. 785-789; 1990 Jul.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Uruguay; Trifolium repens; Trifolium pratense; Lotus
 corniculatus; Festuca arundinacea; Crop mixtures;
 Grasses; Forage legumes; Nitrogen fixation; Symbiosis;
 Seasonal fluctuations; Nitrogen; Yields; Pastures
 
 Abstract:  Optimal utilization of the N2-fixation capability of
 legumes improves forage productivity and quality and
 reduces the need for N fertilizer. This research assessed N2
 fixation in binary mixtures of white clover (Trifolium repens L.)
 (WC), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) (RC), or
 birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) (BT) with tall
 fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) (TF) at four legume
 proportions. Two identical experiments were established in
 Uruguay, one in 1983 (Exp. 1) and one in 1984 (Exp. 2) that were
 evaluated for 2 yr. The soil of the area was a fine,
 montmorillonitic, mesic, Typic Argiudoll. Symbiotically fixed N was
 estimated by 15N isotope dilution by using TF pure
 stands as nonfixing reference. The proportion of legume N
 derived from air (%Ndfa) was larger in winter and spring
 harvests (82-95%) than in other harvests, and differences
 among legumes were minimal. In first harvests after seeding, %Ndfa
 was 58% for BT and 74% for WC or RC, whereas in summer, WC showed
 the least %Ndfa. Total fixed-N yield over 2 yr was greatest for RC-
 TF (390 and 330 kg ha-1 for Exp. 1 and Exp. 2) because of both
 large %Ndfa and legume yield. As legume
 proportion increased %Ndfa decreased linearly, usually with similar
 slopes for all legumes. Fixed-N yield increased
 linearly as legume proportion increased for RC-TF and BT-TF
 mixtures. For WC-TF, there were optimal WC proportions between 50
 and 70% in seeding years. We conclude that %Ndfa was
 negatively and linearly related to legume proportion for the three
 mixtures and that legume-dominant swards were required to maximize
 fixed N yields for RC-TF and BT-TF but not for WC-TF. Red clover
 fixed the greatest amount of N2 under the
 conditions for this study.
 
 
 184                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Legumes for heavy grazing in coastal subtropical Australia.
 Cameron, D.G.; Jones, R.M.; Wilson, G.P.M.; Bishop, H.G.;
 Cook, B.G.; Lee, G.R.; Lowe, K.F.
 Brisbane : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1989 Sep.
 Tropical grasslands v. 23 (3): p. 153-161; 1989 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Subtropical crops; Legumes; Screening
 tests; Grazing trials; Grazing intensity; Summer; Winter;
 Persistence; Variety trials; Aeschynomene; Arachis; Trifolium
 semipilosum; Lotononis bainesii; Stylosanthes scabra;
 Stylosanthes hamata; Aeschynomene Americana; Vigna parkeri; Zornia
 
 
 185                                   NAL Call. No.: SF191.G4
 Legumes to grow with tall fescue in north Georgia.
 Hoveland, C.S.
 Macon, Ga. : Georgia Cattlemen's Association; 1987 Sep.
 Georgia cattleman v. 15 (9): p. 17-18; 1987 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Leguminosae; Festuca; Forage
 
 
 186                        NAL Call. No.: 275.29 Il62c no.561
 Lespedeza its place in Illinois agriculture.
 Sears, O. H.; Burlison, W. L.
 Urbana, Ill. : University of Illinois, College of Agriculture,
 Extension Service in Agriculture and Home Economics,; 1943. 19 p.
 : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular / University of Illinois,
 College of Agriculture, Extension Service in Agriculture and Home
 Economics ; 561). Cover title.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Lespedeza
 
 
 187                                  NAL Call. No.: SB199.T46
 Limits to the productivity of irrigated pastures in south-east
 Australia. Blaikie, S.J.; Martin, F.M.
 Australia : Australian Wool Corporation; 1987.
 Temperate pastures : their production, use and management /
 editors, J.L. Wheeler, C.J. Pearson, G.E. Roberts. p. 119-122;
 1987. (Australian Wool Corporation technical publication). 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: South australia; Trifolium repens; Lolium
 perenne; Paspalum dilatatum; Pasture management; Irrigated
 conditions; Soil water content; Net assimilation rate; Crop yield;
 Air temperature; Solar radiation; Performance testing
 
 
 188                                 NAL Call. No.: 442.8 AN72
 Losses in productivity of subterranean clover swards caused by
 sowing cucumber mosaic virus-infected seed.
 Jones, R.A.C.
 Warwick : Association of Applied Biologists; 1991 Oct.
 Annals of applied biology v. 119 (2): p. 273-288; 1991 Oct. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western australia; Trifolium subterraneum;
 Cultivars; Seeds; Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus; Infection;
 Spread; Persistence; Grazing; Mowing; Yield losses
 
 
 189                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Madeira serradella--a winter legume for sandy soils on the
 Darling Downs. Johnson, B.; Lloyd, D.L.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1991 Jun.
 Tropical grasslands v. 25 (2): p. 231-232; 1991 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Ornithopus; Cultivars; Persistence; Winter
 hardiness; Pasture plants; Winter; Sandy soils;
 Grassland soils; Agronomic characteristics; Plant breeding; Animal
 production; Liveweight gain; Nutritive value; Forage
 
 
 190                                   NAL Call. No.: 100 T31M
 Management and grazing of subterranean clovergrass mixtures in
 South Texas. Ocumpaugh, W.R.
 College Station, Tex. : The Station; 1988 Mar.
 Miscellaneous publication MP - Texas Agricultural Experiment
 Station (1640): p. 17-19; 1988 Mar.  In the series analytic:
 Subterranean clover--establishment, mangement, and utilization in
 Texas / forward by G.W. Evers.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Trifolium subterraneum; Heifers; Pasture
 management; Grazing intensity; Mixed pastures
 
 
 191                        NAL Call. No.: 100 C125 (2) no.564
 Management of clovers on California annual grasslands.
 Murphy, Alfred Henry,
 Berkeley, Calif. : Division of Agricultural Sciences,
 University of California,; 1973.
 19 p. : ill. (some col.), col. map ; 23 cm. (Circular
 (California Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 564.).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Clover; Pastures
 
 
 192                                  NAL Call. No.: SB199.T46
 Maximizing clover growth in the presence of salinity.
 Noble, C.L.; West, D.W.
 Australia : Australian Wool Corporation; 1987.
 Temperate pastures : their production, use and management /
 editors, J.L. Wheeler, C.J. Pearson, G.E. Roberts. p. 123-125;
 1987. (Australian Wool Corporation technical publication). 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium; Salt tolerance; Varietal reactions; Saline
 soils; Pasture soils; Pasture management
 
 
 193                                NAL Call. No.: SF84.84.G73
 Meeting animal needs from mixed grass-legume pastures.
 Harris, A.J.; Clark, D.A.
 Morrilton, Ark. : Winrock International, 1987; 1987.
 Grazing-lands research at the plant-animal interface / edited by
 Floyd P. Horn ... [et al.] ; sponsors, USDA Office of
 International Cooperation and Development and USDA
 Agricultural Research Service. p. 81-91; 1987.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Gramineae; Leguminosae; Mixed
 pastures; Sward renovation; Sheep; Grazing experiments;
 Agroclimatic regions
 
 
 194                                   NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7
 Methods of incorporating white clover into a perennial
 ryegrass sward. Rawlings, P.J.K.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1991.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (25): p.
 237-239; 1991.  In the series analytic: Management issues for the
 grassland farmer in the 1990's / edited by C.S. Mayne.
 Proceedings of a conference held November 26-27, 1990,
 Malvern, Worcestershire.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium repens; Sowing; Lolium perenne; Seed
 germination
 
 
 195                                       NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792 
 Milk production of dairy cows grazing long or short kikuyu
 grass (Pennisetum clandestinum), and with access to forage
 lupins (Lupinus luteus). Hughes, R.M.; Royal, A.J.E.; Ayres, J.F.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1988.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 28 (3): p.
 307-313; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Dairy cows; Pennisetum
 clandestinum; Lupinus luteus; Grazing trials; Milk production;
 Protein content; Digestibility; Nutritive value; Evaluation
 
 
 196                                    NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Modeling lamb weight changes on wheatgrass and wheatgrass-
 sainfoin mixtures. Karnezos, T.P.; Matches, A.G.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1992 Jan.
 Agronomy journal v. 84 (1): p. 5-10; 1992 Jan.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Lambs; Sheep; Grazing trials; Prediction;
 Liveweight gain; Mixed pastures; Agropyron cristatum;
 Agropyron desertorum; Elymus hispidus; Elymus elongatus;
 Onobrychis viciifolia; Crop mixtures; Hybrids; Irrigated
 pastures; Crop quality; Herbage; Crop yield; Forage;
 Mathematical models
 
 Abstract:  Prediction of animal weight change (CUM) with
 regression models developed from grazing trials typically uses
 herbage parameters and CUM measured on the same day. We
 hypothesized that lamb (Ovis aries L.) CUM recorded at time t was
 a function of herbage quality and/or quantity measured at a
 previous harvest t - x (where x = days prior to measurement of
 CUM). Our objectives were (i) to determine if time series
 regression analysis (TSR) could be used to model CUM from
 three irrigated wheatgrasses, 'Hycrest' [Agropyron cristatum (L.)
 Gaertner X A. desertorum (Fischer ex Link) Shulters],
 'Luna' [Thinopyrum intermedium subsp. barbulatum (Schur)
 Barkw. and D.R. Dewey], and 'Jose' [T. ponticum (Podp.) Barkw. and
 D.R. Dewey] grown alone and with 'Renumex' sainfoin
 (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.), and (ii) to test the models.
 Replicated pastures grown on a fine, mixed thermic Torrertic
 Paleustolls were rotationally grazed by Rambouillet X Suffolk
 wether lambs for an average of 77 d in spring of 1987 and
 1988. Herbage quality, quantity, and plant parts were
 estimated from pregrazing, after 2 and 4 d of grazing, and
 postgrazing (7 d) harvests and used as variables in TSR. For TSR
 models, lagged variables (t - x) were selected more
 (67-92% of total) than nonlagged variables (t), supporting our
 hypothesis. Time series regression models described CUM
 accurately (average R2 > 0.70), but selected variables were not
 consistent among treatments, time lags, or years. Model testing
 indicated poor predictive accuracy (r2 = 0.07-0.51), limiting the
 usefulness of projecting CUM across seasons and demonstrating the
 necessity of testing regression models.
 
 
 197                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Moderation of ingestive behaviour of beef cattle by grazing-induced
 changes in lucerne swards.
 Dougherty, C.T.; Collins, M.; Bradley, N.W.; Cornelius, P.L.;
 Lauriault, L.M. Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990
 Jun.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (2): p. 135-142; 1990 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Ingestion; Grazing behavior; Grazing
 effects; Medicago sativa; Grazing lands; Herbage; Dry matter;
 Biting rate; Forage; Quality; Nutrient contents of plants;
 Fiber content; In vitro digestibility; Metabolizable energy
 
 
 198                                  NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6
 Nitrogen cycling in legume-based forage production systems in New
 Zealand. Steele, K.W.; Brock, J.L.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 171-176. ill; 1985. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Temperate zones; Pastures; Forage
 legumes; Crop yield; Nitrogen cycle; Grazing; Animals; Feces;
 Urine; Stocking rate; Nitrogen uptake; Nitrogen fixation;
 Symbiosis; Pasture management
 
 
 199                             NAL Call. No.: S596.7.D4 v.32
 Nitrogen fixation by legumes in Mediterranean agriculture
 proceedings of a workshop on biological nitrogen fixation on
 Mediterranean-type agriculture, ICARDA, Syria, April 14-17, 1986.
 Beck, D. P.; Materon, L. A.
 International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry
 Areas Dordrecht ; Boston : M. Nijhoff ; Hingham, Mass. :
 Distributors for the United States and Canada, Kluwer
 Academic,; 1988.
 xvi, 379 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. (Developments in plant and soil
 sciences ; v. 32).  Includes bibliographies.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Legumes; Congresses; Legumes; Mediterranean
 Region; Congresses; Nitrogen; Fixation; Congresses; Rhizobium;
 Congresses; Symbiosis; Congresses
 
 
 200                                  NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6
 Nitrogen fixation by the legume-Rhizobium symbiosis: external
 factors influencing the symbiosis.
 Crush, J.R.; Lowther, W.L.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 155-159; 1985.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Legumes; Rhizobium; Symbiosis; Nitrogen fixation;
 Temperate zones; Mixed pastures; Seasonal variation; Pasture
 management; Nitrogen fertilizers; Environmental factors
 
 
 201                                        NAL Call. No.: 10 J822 
 Nodal structure and branching of Trifolium repens in pastures under
 intensive grazing by sheep.
 Hay, M.J.M.; Newton, P.C.D.; Thomas, V.J.
 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press; 1991 Apr.
 The Journal of agricultural science v. 116 (pt.2): p. 221-228; 1991
 Apr. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Trifolium repens; Grassland
 management; Grazing effects; Grazing intensity; Plant
 morphology; Sheep; Stocking rate; Branching
 
 
 202                                      NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59 
 No-till establishment of subterranean clover in warm-season sod.
 Brink, G.E.; Fairbrother, T.E.; Ivy, R.L.
 Lexington, Ky. : The Conference; 1988.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 207-211; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Mississippi; Trifolium subterraneum; Autumn; Sod
 sowing; Cynodon dactylon; No-tillage; Crop establishment
 
 
 203                                        NAL Call. No.: 450 C16 
 No-till pasture renovation after sward suppression by
 herbicides. Malik, N.; Waddington, J.
 Ottawa : Agricultural Institute of Canada; 1990 Jan.
 Canadian journal of plant science; Revue canadienne de
 phytotechnie v. 70 (1): p. 261-267; 1990 Jan.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: No-tillage; Pasture management; Sward
 destruction; Herbicides; Medicago sativa
 
 
 204                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Optimal stocking rate for cow-calf enterprises on native range and
 complementary improved pastures.
 Hart, R.H.; Waggoner, J.W. Jr; Dunn, T.G.; Kaltenbach, C.C.; Adams,
 L.D. Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1988 Sep.
 Journal of range management v. 41 (5): p. 435-441; 1988 Sep. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Cows; Calves; Agropyron desertorum;
 Medicago sativa; Bromus biebersteinii; Stocking rate; Yields;
 Liveweight gains; Reproductive performance; Profitability;
 Range management
 
 
 205                                     NAL Call. No.: HD1.A3
 Options for improvement of the Borana pastoral system.
 Cossins, N.J.; Upton, M.
 Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1988.
 Agricultural systems v. 27 (4): p. 251-278; 1988.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Ethiopia; Cattle; Pastoralism; Dry conditions; Range
 management; Milk yield; Calves; Growth; Stocking rate; Market
 planning; Models; Legumes; Cereals
 
 
 206                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Pasture and animal productivity of buffel grass with Siratro,
 lucerne or nitrogen fertilizer.
 Mannetje, L. 't; Jones, R.M.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990 Dec.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (4): p. 269-281; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Steers; Cattle; Macroptilium
 atropurpureum; Medicago sativa; Cenchrus ciliaris; Grazing
 trials; Mixed pastures; Sown grasslands; Natural grasslands;
 Botanical composition; Nitrogen fertilizers; Superphosphate; Crop
 yield; Herbage; Persistence; Crop quality; Nutritive
 value; Liveweight gain; Stocking rate; Rotational grazing;
 Grazing systems
 
 
 207                                    NAL Call. No.: 24 R812
 Pasture and fodder grasses and legumes for medium and low
 altitudes. Bogdan, A.V.
 Nairobi : English Press on behalf of the Agricultural Society of
 Kenya :.; 1965 Jun.
 The Kenya farmer v. 107: p. 30, 32-35; 1965 Jun.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Kenya; Grasses; Pastures; Legumes; Feeds;
 Species; Climate; Soil; Altitude
 
 
 208                        NAL Call. No.: 100 M28S (1) no.488
 Pasture improvement.
 Moran, C. H.
 Orono, Maine : Maine Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1951. 18 p.
 ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Maine Agricultural Experiment
 Station ; 488). Cover title.  "Bibliography": p. 18.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Maine; Ladino clover
 
 
 209                            NAL Call. No.: 100 C76S no.235
 Pasture investigations Ninth report Ladino clover experiments, 1930
 to 1940.. Ladino clover experiments, 1930 to 1940
 Brown, B. A.; Munsell, R. I.
 Storrs, Conn. : Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1941. 42
 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Storrs Agricultural Experiment
 Station ; 235). Cover title.  Bibliography: p. 42.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Ladino clover; Field experiments; Pastures;
 Connecticut
 
 
 210                            NAL Call. No.: 100 C76S no.208
 Pasture investigations Seventh report Species and varieties of
 grasses and legumes for pastures..  Species and varieties of
 grasses and legumes for pastures
 Brown, B. A.; Munsell, R. I.
 Storrs, Conn. : Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1936. 33
 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Storrs Agricultural Experiment
 Station ; 208). Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Grasses; Varieties; Forage plants;
 Varieties
 
 
 211                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Pasture legume evaluation on seasonally flooded soils in the
 Northern Territory.
 Ross, B.J.; Cameron, A.G.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1991 Mar.
 Tropical grasslands v. 25 (1): p. 32-36; 1991 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australian northern territory; Aeschynomene
 Americana; Centrosema pascuorum; Centrosema plumieri;
 Centrosema pubescens; Macroptilium lathyroides; Macroptilium;
 Vigna; Pasture plants; Evaluation; Lines; Adaptability;
 Flooded land; Flooding tolerance; Screening; Solodic soils; Clay
 soils; Crop yield; Growth rate; Crop quality; Forage;
 Crop establishment; Dry matter accumulation
 
 
 212                                NAL Call. No.: S544.3.O5O5
 Pasture legumes for Oklahoma.
 Enis, J.; Rommann, L.; McMurphy, W.
 Stillwater, Okla. : The Service; 1991 Apr.
 OSU extension facts - Cooperative Extension Service, Oklahoma State
 University (2585): 4 p.; 1991 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oklahoma; Pasture legumes; Stand establishment; Seed
 inoculation; Bloat; Habit
 
 
 213                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Pasture management practices practices promoting annual clover
 reseeding. Evers, G.W.
 Lexington, Ky. : The Conference; 1988.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 212-215; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium subterraneum; Trifolium repens;
 Resowing; Perennials; Grasses; Pasture management; Sod sowing;
 Paspalum dilatatum; Cynodon dactylon; Lolium multiflorum;
 Autumn; Grazing; Desiccants; Hay; Harvesting; Yield response
 functions
 
 
 214                                    NAL Call. No.: 10 J822
 Pasture renovation: interactions of vegetation control with slug
 and insect infestations.
 Barker, G.M.
 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press; 1990 Oct.
 The Journal of agricultural science v. 115 (pt.2): p. 195-202; 1990
 Oct. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens; Insect
 control; Pest control; Slugs; Glyphosate; Insecticides;
 Interactions; Molluscicides; Paraquat; Sowing methods;
 Vegetation management; Grassland management
 
 
 215                                NAL Call. No.: SB202.A8G35
 Pasture species for Gumble district lucerne, subterranean
 clover, perennial grasses.
 Gammie, Dick
 NSW Agriculture & Fisheries
 Orange, N.S.W.? : NSW Agriculture & Fisheries,; 1990.
 10 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.  Caption title.  September 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; Pastures
 
 
 216                                NAL Call. No.: SF84.84.G73
 Pastures and pasture management for high animal production in New
 Zealand. Brougham, R.W.; Cosgrove, G.P.
 Morrilton, Ark. : Winrock International, 1987; 1987.
 Grazing-lands research at the plant-animal interface / edited by
 Floyd P. Horn ... [et al.] ; sponsors, USDA Office of
 International Cooperation and Development and USDA
 Agricultural Research Service. p. 73-80; 1987.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens; Lowland
 areas; Pasture management; Fertilizer application;
 Animal production; Seasonal variation; Grazing effects
 
 
 217                              NAL Call. No.: SB193.H4 1985
 Permanent pastures., 4th ed.
 Rohweder, D.A.; Van Keuren, R.W.
 Ames, Iowa, U.S.A. : Iowa State University Press; 1985.
 Forages : the science of grassland agriculture / under the
 editorial authorship of Maurice E. Heath, Robert F. Barnes, Darrel
 S. Metcalfe ; with 107 additional contributing authors. p. 487-495.
 ill., maps; 1985.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Permanent pastures; Statistical data;
 Acreage; Productivity; Beef production; Legumes; Grasses;
 Improvement; Pasture management; Grazing
 
 
 218                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Permanent pastures on a brigalow soil: changes in pasture
 yield and composition during the first five years.
 Silvey, M.W.; Jones, R.M.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990 Dec.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (4): p. 282-290; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Cows; Panicum maximum var.
 trichoglume; Medicago sativa; Macroptilium atropurpureum;
 Neonotonia wightii; Subtropical soils; Vertisols; Permanent
 grasslands; Botanical composition; Sown grasslands; Mixed
 pastures; Superphosphate; Ammonium sulfate; Application rates;
 Rotational grazing; Stocking rate; Crop yield; Herbage; Crop
 quality
 
 
 219                                    NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Persistence of reed canarygrass clones in binary mixture with
 alfalfa and birdsfoot trefoil.
 Jones, T.A.; Carlson, I.T.; Buxton, D.R.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1988 Nov.
 Agronomy journal v. 80 (6): p. 967-970; 1988 Nov.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Iowa; Phalaris arundinacea; Clones; Competitive
 ability; Forage; Mixtures; Medicago sativa; Lotus
 corniculatus; Dry matter accumulation; Crop yield; Tillering;
 Weight; Density; Compatibility; Companion crops; Pasture
 management
 
 Abstract:  Competitive exclusion of one component of a binary
 perennial grass-legume mixture by the other component is
 common, but the persistence of both components is desired.
 Fourteen reed canary-grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) clones,
 exhibiting a range for dry-matter yield (DMY), tiller density, and
 tiller weight, were grown in alternate-plant binary
 mixture with 'Olympic' or 'Baker' alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) or
 'Norcen' or 'Dawn' birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) under
 a three-cut-per-year management. The objectives were to determine
 if reed canarygrass clones and legume cultivars interact for DMY
 and legume concentration, to determine if the ranking of 14 reed
 canarygrass clones for legume concentation remained consistent
 across harvests, to compare the importance of tiller density and
 tiller weight to reed canarygrass DMY in legume mixtures, and to
 characterize the changing relationship between DMY of reed
 canarygrass and companion legumes over
 time. Alfalfa and birdsfoot trefoil concentrations increased from
 266 and 159 g kg-1, respectively, at Harvest 1 (8 June 1983), to
 937 and 856 g kg-1, respectively, at Harvest 7 (7 June 1985).
 Interaction between reed canarygrass clones and legume cultivars
 generally did not accompany significance of main effects, and ranks
 for legume concentration among reed canarygrass clonal mixtures
 stabilized by Harvest 2 (26 July 1983). Thus, it may be relatively
 easy to characterize reed canarygrass clones for legume
 compatibility. In mixtures,
 differences in tiller density among reed canarygrass clones usually
 accounted for more variation in reed canarygrass DMY than
 differences in tiller weight. A negative relationship
 between reed canarygrass DMY and legume DMY was always
 present. Though legumes increasingly dominated reed
 canarygrass over time, the rate of increase of their
 domination slowed as legume concentration increased.
 
 
 220                                   NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7
 Persistency and contribution to herbage yield of white clover
 varieties under sheep grazing.
 Merrell, B.G.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1987.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (21): p.
 199-201; 1987.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: England; Hill land; Trifolium repens; Varieties;
 Sheep; Grazing lands; Crop yield; Survival; Botanical
 composition; Dry matter
 
 
 221                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Phosphorus and beef production in northern Australia. 7. The effect
 of phosphorus on the composition, yield and quality of legume-based
 pasture and their relation to animal production. Coates, D.B.;
 Kerridge, P.C.; Miller, C.P.; Winter, W.H.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990 Sep.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (3): p. 209-220; 1990 Sep.  Paper
 presented at the Australian Meat and Livestock Research and
 Development Corporation Workshop, June, 1988, Townsville,
 Queensland.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Beef cattle; Phosphorus; Diets;
 Grazing; Pastures; Phosphorus fertilizers; Forage; Nutritive value;
 Crop quality; Botanical composition; Crop yield;
 Herbage; Feed supplements; Mineral supplements; Liveweight
 gain; Soil fertility; Nitrogen; Seasonal fluctuations;
 Grassland improvement; Beef production
 
 
 222                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU783
 Phosphorus seed coatings for pasture species. I. Effect of
 source and rate of phosphorus on emergence and early growth of
 phalaris (Phalaris aquatica L.) and lucerne (Medicago sativa L.).
 Scott, J.M.; Blair, G.J.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1988.
 Australian journal of agricultural research v. 39 (3): p.
 437-445; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Medicago sativa; Phalaris
 aquatica; Species; Pastures; Phosphorus; Seed dressings;
 Seedling emergence; Growth; Early maturation; Yields;
 Fertilizers
 
 
 223                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU783
 Phosphorus seed coatings for pasture species. II. Comparison of
 effectiveness of phosphorus applied as seed coatings,
 drilled or broadcast, in promoting early growth of phalaris
 (Phalaris aquatica L.) and lucerne (Medicago sativa L.).
 Scott, J.M.; Blair, G.J.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1988.
 Australian journal of agricultural research v. 39 (3): p.
 447-455; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Medicago sativa; Phalaris
 aquatica; Pastures; Phosphorus; Seed dressings; Fertilizer
 placement; Sowing methods; Drilling; Broadcasting; Growth;
 Early maturation; Yields
 
 
 224                                       NAL Call. No.: SF207.B4 
 Place of legumes in pasture systems.
 Evers, G.W.
 Bryan, Tex. : Lang Printing; 1989.
 Beef cattle science handbook v. 23: p. 207-212; 1989. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium; Clovers; Mixed pastures; Grassland
 management; Annuals; Perennials; Plant competition; Nitrogen
 fertilizers
 
 
 225                                        NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P 
 Plant response to stocking rate in a subtropical grass-legume
 pasture. Aiken, G.E.; Pitman, W.D.; Chambliss, C.G.; Portier, K.M.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1991 Jan. Agronomy
 journal v. 83 (1): p. 124-129; 1991 Jan.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Florida; Steers; Desmodium; Aeschynomene
 Americana; Macroptilium lathyroides; Paspalum notatum; Mixed
 pastures; Crop mixtures; Botanical composition; Oversowing; Stand
 establishment; Herbage; Crop quality; Nutritive value; Grazing
 effects; Stocking rate; Grazing intensity; In vitro digestibility
 
 Abstract:  'Florida' carpon desmodium [Desmodium heterocarpon (L.)
 DC] is a persistent legume under grazing but is often
 difficult to establish. Aeschynomene (Aeschynomene americana L.)
 and, especially, phasey bean [Macroptilium lathyroides
 (L.) Urb.] establish more reliably. Overseeding a mixture of these
 legumes in bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge) pastures could
 provide the quality forage and N input of legumes
 initially from the rapidly establishing species and for
 extended periods from the persistent carpon desmodium. The
 objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of such
 mixtures. Effects of stocking rate and grazing season on
 botanical composition, herbage availability, and herbage
 nutritive value were evaluated on a Pomona fine sand (sandy,
 siliceous, hyperthermic Ultic Haplaquod). Following
 overseeding of legumes in March 1987, pastures were grazed at three
 stocking rates in summer 1987 and in spring and summer 1988. Carpon
 desmodium increased from less than 1% at the
 start of grazing in 1987 to over 7% of the live herbage in
 1988. Combined percentage of aeschynomene plus phasey bean
 decreased during 1987 from more than 4 to 1.6%. Carpon
 desmodium percentage was highest (P < 0.10) at the
 intermediate stocking rate, while percentage of other legumes was
 not affected by stocking rate. Herbage mass decreased
 linearly with increases in stocking rate in both summer
 grazing seasons. Leaf/stem ratio and nutritive value of legume leaf
 and stem were not affected by stocking rate but decreased with time
 during each grazing season. The short-lived legumes, aeschynomene
 and phasey bean, provided high quality forage
 during the establishment period of carpon desmodium but
 contributed negligibly during the second year.
 
 
 226                                        NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P 
 Plant traits associated with grazing-tolerant alfalfa.
 Brummer, E.C.; Bouton, J.H.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1991 Nov.
 Agronomy journal v. 83 (6): p. 996-1000; 1991 Nov.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Cultivars; Varietal
 susceptibility; Persistence; Grazing effects; Grazing
 intensity; Genetic variation; Regrowth; Herbage; Growth rate;
 Habit; Agronomic characteristics; Plant morphology; Selection
 pressure; Selection responses; Defoliation; Shoot pruning
 
 Abstract:  Most alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivars cannot
 withstand long-term, continuous grazing. This study was
 conducted to determine if plant morphological traits differ among
 alfalfa cultivars and populations that vary in
 persistence under grazing stress. Hay-type cultivars (Apollo and
 Florida 77), grazing-type cultivars (Spredor II, Travois, and
 Alfagraze), and populations derived from these cultivars that
 survived continuous grazing for 1 or 2 yr were space-
 planted in the field in 1987 and 1988. Plants were clipped
 biweekly for 16 wk. Decumbency, stem number and diameter,
 crown area, and herbage yield were measured at five 4-wk
 intervals (Dates 1-5). Crown buds were counted in the fall.
 Original populations from Spredor II and Travois had thinner stems,
 more decumbent growth, lower herbage yield, and more stems (at Date
 1) when compared with populations from Florida 77 and Apollo.
 Alfagraze had many, thick stems, intermediate decumbency, and high
 herbage yield, indicating these traits can be realized along with
 grazing tolerance. Alfagraze and Travois had the most crown buds.
 Selected plants of some
 cultivars had fewer stems and more decumbent growth initially, but
 differed little from their original populations for these traits
 after 120 d of frequent clipping. Year-2 selections
 from Spredor II and Florida 77 had more crown buds than their
 original populations. Genetic coefficients of variation
 suggested that selection had resulted in little reduction in
 genetic variation and that further selection for all traits may be
 possible in each cultivar.
 
 
 227                                    NAL Call. No.: S592.7.A1S6 
 Plant uptake and microbial immobilization of 15N-labelled
 ammonium applied to grass-clover pasture-influence of
 simulated winter temperature and time of application.
 Ledgard, S.F.; Brier, G.J.; Sarathchandra, S.U.
 Exeter : Pergamon Press; 1989.
 Soil biology and biochemistry v. 21 (5): p. 667-670; 1989. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens; Paspalum
 dilatatum; Mixed pastures; Nitrogen uptake; Nitrogen
 mineralization; Ammonium sulfate; Radioactive tracers;
 Immobilization; Microbial activities; Biological activity in soil;
 Application date; Winter; Air temperature; Growth rate
 
 
 228                                NAL Call. No.: 275.29 G29C
 Planting guide to grasses and legumes for forage and wildlife in
 Georgia. Lee, R.D.; Johnson, J.T.
 Athens, Ga. : The Service; 1990 Apr.
 Circular - Cooperative Extension Service, University of
 Georgia (814): 2 p.; 1990 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Grasses; Legumes; Seeds; Sowing
 
 
 229                                  NAL Call. No.: SB203.3.A43P6 
 The possible role of forage legumes in communal area farming
 systems in Zimbabwe.
 Clatworthy, J.N.; Maclaurin, A.R.; Avila, M.
 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia : International Livestock Centre for
 Africa; 1986 Nov. Potentials of forage legumes in farming
 systems of Sub-Saharan Africa : proceedings of a workshop held at
 ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 16-19 September 1985 / edited by I.
 Haque, S. Jutzi, P.J.H. Neate. p. 265-288; 1986 Nov.
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Zimbabwe; Cropping systems; Animal production;
 Pastures; Forage legumes; Grazing trials; Dry matter; Crop
 yield; Introduced species
 
 
 230                                       NAL Call. No.: 79.8 W41 
 The potential allelopathic characteristics of bitter
 sneezeweed (Helenium amarum).
 Smith, A.E.
 Champaign, Ill. : Weed Science Society of America; 1989 Sep. Weed
 science v. 37 (5): p. 665-669; 1989 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Lolium multiflorum; Helenium
 amarum; Allelopathy; Pasture composition; Crop weed
 competition; Toxic extracts; Leaves; Plant establishment;
 Seedlings; Bioassays
 
 Abstract:  Research was conducted to determine the potential for
 allelopathy to occur in pastures infested with bitter
 sneezeweed. Aqueous extracts of bitter sneezeweed leaves
 reduced alfalfa and Italian ryegrass seedling growth as much as 50%
 at concentrations of 0.5% (w/v). Leaf extracts were
 more phytotoxic than either stem or root extracts and seedling
 growth was reduced more than seed germination. Bitter
 sneezeweed tissue mixed in potting soil at concentrations as low as
 0.3% w/w reduced alfalfa seedling numbers by 43%, plant height by
 26%, and foliage dry matter production by 54%
 compared to plants cultured in soil without bitter sneezeweed leaf
 tissue. The potential concentration of bitter sneezeweed leaf
 material in soil in the pasture ecosystem was determined to be 0.5%
 w/v in the liquid phase and 0.2% w/w in the solid phase. Alfalfa
 seedling growth was reduced by 70% when
 germinating seed were placed under a bell jar with a potted mature
 bitter sneezeweed plant compared to control seedlings. A potential
 exists for bitter sneezeweed interference with
 developing alfalfa and Italian ryegrass seedlings following fall
 interseeding into pastures infested with bitter
 sneezeweed.
 
 
 231                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Potential for year-round forage production using no-till in the
 Lower South. Joost, R.E.; Friesner, D.L.; Mason, L.F.;
 Allen, M.
 Lexington, Ky. : The Conference; 1986.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 253-257; 1986. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Louisiana; Cynodon dactylon; Paspalum notatum;
 Pastures; Oversowing; Avena sativa; Secale cereale; Triticum;
 Lolium perenne; Trifolium pratense; No-tillage; Zea mays;
 Maize silage; Herbicide application
 
 
 232                        NAL Call. No.: 100 T25S (1) no.387
 Producing yearling steers on irrigated bluegrass-clover.
 High, T. W.
 Knoxville : University of Tennessee, Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1965. 19 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Agricultural
 Experiment Station, University of Tennessee ; 387).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Tennessee; Feeding and feeds;
 Pastures; Tennessee; Irrigation
 
 
 233                              NAL Call. No.: S79.E3 no.408
 Production and utilization of hairy vetch.
 Anthony, J. L.
 State College, Miss. : Mississippi State College, Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1944.
 18 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Mississippi Agricultural Experiment
 Station ; 408).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Vetch; Mississippi
 
 
 234                        NAL Call. No.: 100 T25S (1) no.282
 Production of grass-fed beef..  Production of grass fed beef
 Duncan, H. R.
 Knoxville : University of Tennessee, Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1958. 25 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Agricultural
 Experiment Station, University of Tennessee ; 282).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cattle; Tennessee; Feeding and feeds;
 Pastures; Tennessee
 
 
 235                        NAL Call. No.: 100 C125 (2) no.458
 Production of range clovers.
 Williams, William A.; Love, R. Merton_1909-; Berry, L. J.
 Berkeley, Calif. : Division of Agricultural Sciences,
 University of California,; 1957.
 19 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular (California Agricultural
 Experiment Station) ; 458.).  January 1957.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Range management; Forage plants; Clover
 
 
 236                                  NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6
 Productivity and economics of legume-based pastures and grass
 swards receiving fertilizer nitrogen in New Zealand.
 Ball, P.R.; Field, T.R.O.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 47-55. maps; 1985. Literature review. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Pastures; Forage legumes; Grasses;
 Nitrogen fertilizers; Crop mixtures; Crop yield; Nitrogen
 fixation; Economics; Research
 
 
 237                                  NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6
 Productivity and economics of legume-based versus nitrogen-
 fertilized grass-based forage systems in Australia.
 Myers, R.J.K.; Henzell, E.F.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 40-46; 1985.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Australia; Pastures; Forage legumes; Grasses;
 Nitrogen fertilizers; Productivity; Economics; Research
 
 
 238                                  NAL Call. No.: aSB203.F6
 Productivity and economics of legume-based vs. nitrogen-
 fertilized grass-based pasture in the United States.
 Burns, J.C.; Standaert, J.E.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural
 Research Service; 1985.
 Forage legumes for energy-efficient animal production :
 proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Palmerston North, New
 Zealand, April 30-May 4, 1984 / edited by Robert F. Barnes ... [et
 al.].. p. 56-71; 1985.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Pastures; Crop mixtures; Forage legumes;
 Species; Grasses; Nitrogen fertilizers; Productivity;
 Economics; Livestock; Liveweight gains
 
 
 239                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Productivity of ewes grazing lupin stubbles at mating in
 north-eastern Victoria.
 Kenney, P.A.; Roberts, G.B.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1987.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 27 (5): p.
 619-624; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Victoria; Sheep; Ewes; Lupinus angustifolius;
 Stubble; Pastures; Grazing experiments; Productivity;
 Liveweight gains; Lambing rate; Wool production; Mating
 season; Stocking rate
 
 
 240                                   NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7
 Productivity of grass-clover swards in spring.
 Davies, D.A.; Fothergill, M.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1991.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (25): p.
 243-244; 1991.  In the series analytic: Management issues for the
 grassland farmer in the 1990's / edited by C.S. Mayne.
 Proceedings of a conference held November 26-27, 1990,
 Malvern, Worcestershire.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lamb production; Lolium perenne; Trifolium
 repens; Spring
 
 
 241                                  NAL Call. No.: SB199.T46
 Profitability of superphosphate on non-arable pastures.
 Pugh, R.; Kearins, R.D.; Davies, B.L.; Walker, R.
 Australia : Australian Wool Corporation; 1987.
 Temperate pastures : their production, use and management /
 editors, J.L. Wheeler, C.J. Pearson, G.E. Roberts. p. 140-142;
 1987. (Australian Wool Corporation technical publication). 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Lambs; Trifolium subterraneum;
 Grazing lands; Natural pastures; Grassland improvement;
 Superphosphate; Fertilizer application; Animal production;
 Cost benefit analysis; Profitability
 
 
 242                             NAL Call. No.: 100 M76 (1) no.516 
 The pronghorn antelope its range use and food habits in
 central Montana with special reference to alfalfa.
 Cole, Glen F.
 Bozeman, Montana : Montana State College, Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1956.
 63 p. : ill., 1 map ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Montana Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; 516).  Cover title.  Montana Fish and
 Game Department, Helena, Montana"--T.p.  Bibliography: p. 63.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pronghorn antelope; Habitat; Pronghorn antelope; Food;
 Alfalfa as feed
 
 
 243                                     NAL Call. No.: HD1.A3
 Prospects for grass--clover swards in beef production systems: a
 computer simulation of the practical and economic
 implications.
 Doyle, C.J.; Morrison, J.; Peel, S.
 Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1987.
 Agricultural systems v. 24 (2): p. 119-148; 1987.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Beef production; Beef cattle; Grasses; Trifolium
 repens; Sward renovation; Forage; Profitability; Computer
 simulation; Mathematical models; Nitrogen fertilizers; Feed intake
 
 
 244                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Quality of sericea lespedeza as affected by management
 practices. Joost, R.E.; Morris, D.R.
 Columbia, Mo. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1991.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 183-186; 1991.  Meeting held April 1-4, 1991, Columbia,
 Missouri.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lespedeza cuneata; Cultivars; Harvesting date; Sowing
 rates; Crop quality; Forage
 
 
 245                                         NAL Call. No.: HD1.A3 
 The relative contributions to profit of fixed and applied
 nitrogen in a crop-livestock farm system.
 Pannell, D.J.; Falconer, D.A.
 Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1988.
 Agricultural systems v. 26 (1): p. 1-17; 1988.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western australia; Legumes; Livestock farming; Dry
 farming; Nitrogen fixation; Nitrogen fertilizers; Yield increases;
 Mathematical models; Programming; Soil types;
 Profitability
 
 
 246                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Renovation of Yarloop subterranean clover pastures with
 Trikkala. Little, D.L.; Beale, P.E.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1988.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 28 (6): p.
 737-745; 1988. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: South australia; Sheep; Trifolium subterraneum;
 Cultivars; Kabatiella caulivora; Fungal diseases; Disease
 resistance; Revegetation; Replacement; Disease control;
 Pasture management; Grazing trials
 
 
 247                          NAL Call. No.: NBUSB203 E87 1989
 Report of a Working Group on Forages (third meeting) held at the
 Station de Genetique et d'Amelioration des Plantes de
 l'INRA, Mauguio, Montpellier, France, 9-12 January 1989.
 European Cooperative Programme on Conservation and Exchange of Crop
 Genetic Resources. Working Group on Forages. Meeting 1989 :
 Montpellier, France); International Board for Plant Genetic
 Resources
 Rome : ECP/GR/IBPGR,; 1989.
 v, 88 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.  On cover: European Cooperative
 Programme for the Conservation and Exchange of Crop Genetic
 Resources, IBPGR.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Legumes; Forage plants; Grasses
 
 
 248                              NAL Call. No.: aSB193.55.E37
 Report of forage crops nurseries.
 U.S. Regional Pasture Research Laboratory
 Eastern Forage Improvement Conference.
 University Park, PA : United States Dept. of Agriculture,
 Agricultural Research Service, North Atlantic Area, U.S.
 Regional Pasture Research Laboratory , -1986; 1976-1986.
 v. ; 28 cm.  Description based on: 9th (1986); title from
 cover.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants; Atlantic States; Seeds; Congresses
 
 
 249                                   NAL Call. No.: 60.9 AL2
 Reproduction of alfalfa in a dryland pasture.
 Rumbaugh, M.D.
 s.l. : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research
 Service; 1981 May.
 Report of the Alfalfa Improvement Conference (27th): p. 45; 1981
 May.  Meeting held July 8-10, 1980, Madison, Wisconsin.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Utah; Medicago sativa; Medicago falcata;
 Reproductive ability; Sown pastures; Seeds; Semiarid zones
 
 
 250                              NAL Call. No.: SB203.3.A43P6
 Research on forage legumes in Swaziland.
 Ogwang, B.H.
 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia : International Livestock Centre for
 Africa; 1986 Nov. Potentials of forage legumes in farming
 systems of Sub-Saharan Africa : proceedings of a workshop held at
 ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 16-19 September 1985 / edited by I.
 Haque, S. Jutzi, P.J.H. Neate. p. 289-304; 1986 Nov.
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Swaziland; Pastures; Forage legumes; Introduced
 species; Nitrogen fixation; Seed inoculation; Crop yield;
 Fertilizer application; Grazing trials; Liveweight gains
 
 
 251                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Response of established forages on reclaimed mined land to
 fertilizer N and P. Reeder, J.D.; McGinnies, W.J.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1989 Jul.
 Journal of range management v. 42 (4): p. 327-332; 1989 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Grasses; Fodder legumes; Mountain
 grasslands; Coal mined land; Grassland management; Nitrogen
 fertilizers; Phosphorus fertilizers; Application rates;
 Residual effects; Dry matter accumulation; Growth rate; Crop yield;
 Forage; Crop quality; Protein content; Crude protein; Botanical
 composition; Crop density
 
 
 252                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Response of permanent and reseeded grassland to fertilizer
 nitrogen. 1. Herbage production and herbage quality.
 Hopkins, A.; Gilbey, J.; Dibb, C.; Bowling, P.J.; Murray, P.J.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Mar.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (1): p. 43-55. maps; 1990 Mar. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Mixed pastures; Permanent
 pasture; Sown pastures; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens;
 Cutting frequency; Dry matter accumulation; Nitrogen
 fertilizers; Herbage; Crop quality; Fiber content; Crop yield;
 Nitrogen recovery; Botanical composition
 
 
 253                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Response of tap- and creeping-rooted alfalfas to defoliation
 patterns. Gdara, A.O.; Hart, R.H.; Dean, J.G.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Jan.
 Journal of range management v. 44 (1): p. 22-26; 1991 Jan. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Root systems; Cultivars; Stress
 response; Defoliation; Grazing effects; Crop yield; Forage;
 Herbage; Clipping; Regrowth; Dry matter accumulation;
 Carbohydrates; Varietal reactions
 
 
 254                                   NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792
 Response of vulpia [Vulpia bromoides (L.) S.F. Gray and V.
 myuros (L.) C.C. Gmelin] and subterranean clover to rate and time
 of application of simazine. Leys, A.R.; Plater, B.; Lill, W.J.
 East Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
 Research Organization; 1991.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 31 (6): p.
 785-791; 1991. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Trifolium subterraneum;
 Herbicide resistance; Vulpia bromoides; Vulpia myuros; Weed
 control; Simazine; Application date; Application rates;
 Grassland management; Grazing systems; Sheep
 
 
 255                                     NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7 
 The response of white clover to sulphur on an irrigated
 pasture in south-east Queensland.
 Bowdler, T.M.; Pigott, F.J.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990 Jun.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (2): p. 111-112; 1990 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Trifolium repens; Irrigated pastures; Clay
 soils; Sulfur fertilizers; Nitrogen fertilizers;
 Phosphorus fertilizers; Potassium fertilizers; Nutrient
 requirements; Fertilizer requirement determination; Growth
 rate; Crop yield; Herbage; Dry matter accumulation
 
 
 256                                NAL Call. No.: A99.9 F764U
 Revegetation by land imprinter and rangeland drill.
 Clary, W.P.
 Ogden, Utah : The Station; 1989 Jan.
 Research paper INT - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
 Service, Intermountain Research Station (397): 6 p. ill; 1989 Jan. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Rangelands; Rehabilitation; Revegetation
 plants; Revegetation; Drilling; Plant establishment; Sowing rates;
 Plant density; Wind erosion; Agropyron cristatum;
 Elymus hispidus barbulatus; Elymus junceus; Medicago sativa
 
 
 257                                      NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82 
 Root excision and dehydration effects on water uptake in four range
 species. Bassiri, M.; Wilson, A.M.; Grami, B.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1988 Sep.
 Journal of range management v. 41 (5): p. 378-382. ill; 1988 Sep. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agropyron desertorum; Elymus junceus; Medicago sativa;
 Astragalus cicer; Species; Rangelands; Water uptake; Roots;
 Excision; Dehydration; Soil moisture; Seed germination; Seedling
 emergence
 
 
 258                             NAL Call. No.: 100 So8 (1) no.380 
 Rye grass and crimson clover for winter pasture.
 LaMaster, J. P.; King, Willis Alonzo,_1915-; Mitchell, Jack H.
 Clemson College, S.C. : South Carolina Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1950. 30 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin (South
 Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 380.).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Lolium; South Carolina; Crimson clover; South
 Carolina; Pastures; South Carolina
 
 
 259                            NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1S (2) no.182 
 Rye-ryegrsss-yuchi arrowleaf clover for production of
 slaughter cattle..  Rye, ryegrass, yuchi arrowleaf clover for
 production of slaughter cattle Anthony, W. B.
 Auburn : Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University,; 1971.
 10 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Circular (Auburn University.
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 182.).  Cover title. 
 January 1971.  Bibliography: p. 10.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Clover as feed; Rye as feed; Lolium; Beef cattle
 
 
 260                                     NAL Call. No.: 81 L95
 Screening and establishment of forage legumes in south Texas.
 Gonzalez, C.L.
 Weslaco, Tex. : The Society; 1987.
 Journal of the Rio Grande Valley Horticultural Society v. 40: p.
 39-53. ill; 1987.  This publication is not owned by the
 National Agricultural Library. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Lablab; Cultivars; Forage legumes;
 Introduced species; Adaptation; Production potential; Yields; Seed
 production; Protein content; Phosphorus; Feed preferences
 
 
 261                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.P72
 Screening of forage legumes for persistence under grazing.
 West, C.P.; Phillips, J.M.; Huneycutt, H.J.
 Madison, Wis. : The Department; 1989.
 Progress report, clovers and special purpose legumes
 research - University of Wisconsin, Department of Agronomy v. 22:
 p. 5-8; 1989.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Arkansas; Fodder plants; Grazing effects;
 Persistence; Selection criteria; Screening; Cultivars;
 Varietal reactions
 
 
 262                            NAL Call. No.: 100 P381 no.592
 Seasonal distribution and production of forage and milk from
 orchard grass-Ladino and blue grass pastures.
 Sprague, V. G.
 University Park, Pa. : Pennsylvania State University, College of
 Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1954.
 13 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin (Pennsylvania State
 University. Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 592.).  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Orchard grass; Ladino clover
 
 
 263                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Seasonal variation in white clover content and nitrogen fixing
 (acetylene reducing) activity in a cut upland sward.
 Marriott, C.A.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (3): p. 253-262; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Scotland; Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne;
 Nitrogen fixation; Seasonal variation; Acetylene reduction; Growth;
 Yields; Climatic factors; Pasture management; Cutting frequency
 
 
 264                                       NAL Call. No.: 23 AU792 
 Seed production of Trifolim subterraneum subsp.
 brachycalycinum as influenced by soil type and grazing.
 Bolland, M.D.A.
 Melbourne : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
 Organization; 1987.
 Australian journal of experimental agriculture v. 27 (4): p.
 539-544; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western australia; Trifolium subterraneum; Seed
 production; Acid soils; Alkaline soils; Grazing effects;
 Medicago; Strains; Sandy soils; Sheep
 
 
 265                                 NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7
 Sericea lespedeza production on acid soils in Swaziland.
 Mkhatshwa, P.D.; Hoveland, C.S.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1991 Dec.
 Tropical grasslands v 25 (4): p. 337-341; 1991 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Swaziland; Lespedeza cuneata; Cultivars; Variety
 trials; Altitude; Veld; Sown grasslands; Acid soils; Grassland
 soils; Dry matter accumulation; Forage; Crop quality; Crop
 yield; Hay; Varietal reactions; Nutritive value; Nitrogen
 content
 
 
 266                                      NAL Call. No.: SB199.T46 
 Sheep production from improved and native grasses in the
 presence of white clover.
 Dowling, P.M.; Robinson, G.G.; Murison, R.D.
 Australia : Australian Wool Corporation; 1987.
 Temperate pastures : their production, use and management /
 editors, J.L. Wheeler, C.J. Pearson, G.E. Roberts. p. 551-553;
 1987. (Australian Wool Corporation technical publication). 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New South Wales; Sheep; Natural pastures;
 Grasses; Trifolium repens; Sown pastures; Grazing; Liveweight
 gains; Wool production
 
 
 267                                 NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773
 Short-term effects of nitrogen on the growth and nitrogen
 nutrition of small swards of white clover and perennial
 ryegrass in spring.
 Davidson, I.A.; Robson, M.J.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (4): p. 413-421; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne; Crop mixtures;
 Monoculture; Spring; Nitrogen fertilizers; Growth rate; Leaf area
 index; Crop yield; Dry matter accumulation; Nitrogen
 content; Herbage; Air temperature; Plant competition
 
 
 268                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 Slot-seeding investigations. 7. The effects of two grass-
 suppressants on the growth of white clover introduced into
 permanent pasture. Standell, C.J.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (3): p. 249-255; 1990 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Trifolium repens; Precision
 drilling; Plant competition; Grasses; Grass sward; Chemical
 control; Herbicide application; Carbetamide; Propyzamide;
 Herbicide rates; Timing; Permanent pasture; Dry matter
 accumulation; Crop yield; Herbage
 
 
 269                                     NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7 
 Sown pasture production in relation to nitrogen fertilizer and
 rainfall in southern Queensland.
 Peake, D.C.I.; Myers, R.J.K.; Henzell, E.F.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990 Dec.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (4): p. 291-298; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Queensland; Cenchrus ciliaris; Panicum maximum var.
 trichoglume; Macroptilium atropurpureum; Medicago sativa; Sown
 grasslands; Clay soils; Nitrogen fertilizers; Application rates;
 Rain; Crop yield; Herbage; Crop quality; Decline; Dry matter
 accumulation; Stand density
 
 
 270                                   NAL Call. No.: 450 J829
 Species interference in white clover-ryegrass mixtures.
 Menchaca, L.; Connolly, J.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific; 1990 Mar.
 Journal of ecology v. 78 (1): p. 223-232; 1990 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wales; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens; Crop
 mixtures; Plant interaction; Plant density; Yield
 correlations; Crop yield; Regression analysis; Nutrient
 removal by plants; Nitrogen; Nitrogen fixation
 
 
 271                                    NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P
 Spectral reflectance measurements of alfalfa under sheep
 grazing. Mitchell, A.R.; Pinter, P.J. Jr; Guerrero, J.N.;
 Hernandez, C.B.; Marble, V.L. Madison, Wis. : American Society of
 Agronomy; 1990 Nov.
 Agronomy journal v. 82 (6): p. 1098-1103; 1990 Nov.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Lambs; Grazing trials; Medicago
 sativa; Pastures; Estimation; Herbage; Biomass; Remote
 sensing; Spectral data; Reflectance; Infrared spectroscopy; Forage;
 Crop quality; Liveweight gain
 
 Abstract:  Lamb grazing experiments conducted on alfalfa
 (Medicago sativa L.) fields require numerous measurements of
 phytomass in order to identify optimum conditions for lamb
 weight gain. Our objective was to test the ability of spectral
 reflectance measurements with a portable hand-held radiometer to
 predict alfalfa phytomass. We used vegetative indices
 consisting of linear combinations of the near infrared (NIR) and
 red wavelength intervals, such as the NIR/Red ratio and normalized
 difference (ND). Reflectance measurements were
 taken during two grazing trials where alfalfa phytomass ranged from
 200 g m-2 initially to negligible phytomass after 15 d of intensive
 grazing. A portion of the alfalfa was desiccated due to frost
 damage during the second trial. The ND and NIR/Red were well
 correlated with alfalfa phytomass (r = 0.87-0.97). Measurements
 taken at solar zenith angles (57 and 69 degrees) were found to
 produce similar ND/phytomass regression
 coefficients. The desiccated alfalfa increased red
 reflectance, which consequently lowered the ND and NIR/Red
 values. The ND was preferable to NIR/Red because it was more
 sensitive to low phytomass levels that are characteristic of
 grazing studies. An ND of 0.55 identified a threshold
 phytomass level, below which continued grazing caused a
 decrease in lamb weight gain. Handheld radiometric
 measurements are a quick, accurate, nondestructive means of
 estimating alfalfa phytomass in pasture grazing experiments.
 
 
 272                           NAL Call. No.: 100 F66Ci no.184
 Stylosanthes humilis a summer-growing, self-regenerating,
 annual legume for use in Florida pastures.
 Kretschmer, Albert E.
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida, Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1968.
 21 p. ; ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm. (Circular (University of
 Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station) ; S-184.).  Cover title. 
 February 1968. Bibliography: p. 21.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Stylosanthes
 
 
 273                                 NAL Call. No.: 100 C12CAG
 Subclover-seeded, fertilized pasture for early weaned lambs. Jones,
 M.B.; Demment, M.W.; Dally, M.R.; Vaughn, C.E.
 Oakland, Calif. : Division of Agriculture and Natural
 Resources, University of California; 1990 Sep.
 California agriculture v. 44 (5): p. 38-40; 1990 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Lambs; Lamb production; Feeding;
 Weaning weight; Coyotes; Grassland improvement; Trifolium
 subterraneum; Triple superphosphate; Sulfur fertilizers;
 Profits; Research
 
 
 274                             NAL Call. No.: 100 T31S no.37
 Subterranean clover a new sandy-land grazing crop for
 southeastern Texas. Leidigh, A. H.
 Texas Agricultural Experiment Station
 College Station, Tex. : Texas Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1925. 12, [2] p. : ill. ; 23 cm.. (Circular (Texas
 Agricultural Experiment Station) ; no. 37.).  Tx Doc no.: Z,
 TA245.7, C496, no.37.  Caption title. Bibliography: p.
 [13-14].
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Subterranean clover
 
 
 275                        NAL Call. No.: 100 OH3S (2) no.990
 Sudangrass vs. alfalfa-grass for dairy pasture and silage in
 northeastern Ohio.
 Pratt, A. D.; Davis, R. R.; Van Keuren, R. W.
 Wooster, Ohio : Ohio Agricultural Research and Development
 Center,; 1966. 15 p. ; 23 cm. (Research bulletin / Ohio
 Agricultural Research and Development Center ; 990).  Cover title. 
 Bibliography: p. 15.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Sudan grass; Sudan grass; Silage; Alfalfa; Ohio;
 Alfalfa; Ohio; Silage; Alfalfa as feed
 
 
 276                        NAL Call. No.: 100 F66S (1) no.475
 Sulfur requirement of soils for clover grass pastures in
 relation to fertilizer phosphates.
 Neller, J. R.
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1951.
 32 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / University of Florida.
 Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 475).  Cover title. 
 Bibliography: p. 31-32.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Clover; Florida; Soils; Grasses; Florida; Soils;
 Soils; Florida; Sulphur content; Phosphatic fertilizers;
 Florida
 
 
 277                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Survival and agronomic performance of 25 alfalfa cultivars and
 strains interseeded into rangeland.
 Berdahl, J.D.; Wilton, A.C.; Frank, A.B.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1989 Jul.
 Journal of range management v. 42 (4): p. 312-316; 1989 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North Dakota; Medicago sativa; Cultivars;
 Strains; Agronomic characteristics; Mixed pastures; Agropyron
 desertorum; Gramineae; Stipa comata; Bouteloua gracilis;
 Sowing; Interplanting; Semiarid zones; Rhizomes; Growth rate;
 Roots; Dry matter accumulation; Crop yield; Forage; Survival
 
 
 278                                  NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Survival and growth of globemallow [Sphaeralcea] species in dry
 land spaced-plant nurseries.
 Pendery, B.M.; Rumbaugh, M.D.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1990 Sep.
 Journal of range management v. 43 (5): p. 428-432; 1990 Sep. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Utah; Idaho; Sphaeralcea; Sphaeralcea coccinea;
 Agropyron desertorum; Agropyron cristatum; Medicago sativa; Range
 pastures; Sown grasslands; Mixed pastures; Genotypes; Genetic
 variation; Agronomic characteristics; Crop yield;
 Forage; Seeds; Survival; Arid climate; Growth rate
 
 
 279                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 Sward composition, animal performance and the potential
 production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with
 sheep. Orr, R.J.; Parsons, A.J.; Penning, P.D.; Treacher, T.T.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (3): p. 325-336; 1990 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Sheep; Sheep feeding; Mixed
 pastures; Trifolium repens; Grass sward; Grazing lands;
 Botanical composition; Nutritive value; Stocking rate;
 Liveweight gains; Growth rate; Pasture management; Nitrogen
 fertilizers; Fertilizer application
 
 
 280                        NAL Call. No.: 100 T31S (1) no.791
 Sweetclover in Texas.
 Potts, R. C.
 Texas Agricultural Experiment Station
 College Station, Tex. : Texas Agricultural Experiment
 Station,; 1955. 15 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Bulletin / Texas
 Agricultural Experiment Station ; 791).  Tx Doc no.: Z,
 TA245.7, B873, no.791.  Bibliography: p. [16].
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Sweet clover; Texas
 
 
 281                                     NAL Call. No.: 100 M693SP 
 Tall fescue-Caucasion bluestem pasture systems.
 Matches, A.G.; Bell, S.; Mowery, D.; Martz, F.A.
 Columbia : The Station; 1981.
 Special report - University of Missouri - Columbia,
 Agricultural Experiment Station (270): p. 25-27; 1981.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Missouri; Festuca arundinacea; Andropogon;
 Trifolium pratense; Pasture management; Heifers; Grazing
 
 
 282                                    NAL Call. No.: S544.3.C2C3 
 Three poisonous plants common in pastures and hay: fiddleneck,
 common groundsel, yellow starthistle.
 McHenry, W.B.; Bushnell, R.B.; Oliver, M.N.; Norris, R.F.
 Berkeley, Calif. : The Service; 1990.
 Leaflet - University of California, Cooperative Extension
 Service (21483): 10 p. ill; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Poisonous weeds; Amsinckia; Senecio
 vulgaris; Centaurea solstitialis; Pastures; Alfalfa hay;
 Barley hay; Oat hay; Weed control; Identification
 
 
 283                                        NAL Call. No.: 450 N42 
 Time-course of N2-fixation (15N) in the field by clover
 growing alone or in mixture with ryegrass to improve pasture
 productivity, and inoculated with vesicular-arbuscular
 mycorrhizal fungi.
 Barea, J.M.; Azcon, R.; Azcon-Aguilar, C.
 New York, N.Y. : Cambridge University Press; 1989 Jul.
 The New phytologist v. 112 (3): p. 399-404; 1989 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens; Inoculation;
 Rhizobium trifolii; Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae; Nitrogen
 fixation; Nitrogen; Radioactive isotopes; Pastures; Crop
 mixtures; Crop yield
 
 
 284                                   NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7
 Tissue fluxes in white clover varieties grown in swards
 continuously grazed by sheep.
 Davies, A.; Jones, D.R.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1987.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (21): p.
 185-187; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wales; Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne; Grazing
 lands; Ewes; Lambs; Plant height; Grazing intensity; Feed
 intake; Herbage; Production
 
 
 285                       NAL Call. No.: 1 Ag84F no.2191 1967
 Trefoil production for pasture and hay., Rev. July 1967..
 United States, Agricultural Research Service, Crops Research
 Division Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,; 1967. 16 p.
 : ill. ; 24 cm. (Farmers' bulletin / United States
 Department of Agriculture ; no. 2191).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Lotus corniculatus; Narrowleaf trefoil; Big
 trefoil; Forage plants
 
 
 286                                   NAL Call. No.: SB197.B7
 Upland clover sheep systems.
 Jones, J.R.; Rees, M.E.; Preen, R.N.; Fothergill, M.; Sibbald, A.R.
 Hurley, Berkshire : The Society; 1991.
 Occasional symposium - British Grassland Society (25): p.
 240-242; 1991.  In the series analytic: Management issues for the
 grassland farmer in the 1990's / edited by C.S. Mayne.
 Proceedings of a conference held November 26-27, 1990,
 Malvern, Worcestershire.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium repens; Nitrogen fertilizers; Sheep;
 Stocking rate
 
 
 287                             NAL Call. No.: 100 N27 (4) no.315 
 The use of alfalfa and native grass pasture in producing
 finished cattle. Baker, Marvel L.
 Lincoln : University of Nebraska, College of Agriculture,
 Experiment Station,; 1938.
 16 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin (University of Nebraska
 (Lincoln campus). Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 315.).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Cattle; Feeding and feeds; Pastures; Alfalfa as feed
 
 
 288                                NAL Call. No.: S605.5.I45 1986 
 The use of herbal leys in modern British organic farming
 systems. Woodward, L.; Foster, L.
 Santa Cruz, CA : Agroecology Program, University of
 California; 1988. Global perspectives on agroecology and
 sustainable agricultural systems : proceedings of the sixth
 international scientific conference of the International
 Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements. p. 421-431; 1988.
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wales; England; Ley farming; Organic farming;
 Herbage; Clovers; Grasses; Mixtures; Leys; Sown grasslands;
 Grassland management; Farming systems research; Soil
 fertility; Mineral content; Aeration; Establishment; Survival;
 Animal nutrition; Botanical composition
 
 
 289                                       NAL Call. No.: 24 N562N 
 Use of legumes for livestock production in Nigeria.
 Agishi, E.C.
 Zaria, Nigeria : Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru Ahmadu
 Bello University; 1971 Oct.
 Samaru agricultural newsletter v. 13 (5): p. 115-119; 1971
 Oct.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nigeria; Livestock; Leguminosae; Animal feeding;
 Fodder crops; Grazing; Crop establishment; Savanna
 
 
 290                                         NAL Call. No.: S1.S68 
 Use of pasture crops.
 Kushenov, B.M.
 New York, N.Y. : Allerton Press; 1991.
 Soviet agricultural sciences (8): p. 33-35; 1991.  Translated from:
 Vsesoiuznaia akademiia sel'skokhoziaistvennykh nauk.
 Doklady, (8), p. 35-38. (20 AK1).  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English; Russian
 
 Descriptors: Pasture plants; Grasses; Legumes; Grazing
 effects; Mowing; Heifers; Holstein-friesian; Crop yield;
 Developmental stages
 
 
 291                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 Use of the in situ technique in the study of degradation of lucerne
 and smooth bromegrass genotypes.
 Mathison, G.W.; Jahn, H.G.; Walton, P.D.; Milligan, L.P.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Sep.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (3): p. 231-238; 1988 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Alberta; Ruminants; Medicago sativa; Bromus
 inermis; Genotypes; Forage; Plant breeding; Dry matter;
 Yields; Digestibility; Nutritive value; Voluntary intake;
 Liveweight gains; Rumen digestion
 
 
 292                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 The utilization of N fertilizer, applied to perennial
 ryegrass/white clover pasture growing on a humus iron podzol in
 N.E. Scotland.
 Rangeley, A.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Dec.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 43 (4): p. 363-369; 1988 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Scotland; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens;
 Pastures; Humus; Iron podzols; Nitrogen fertilizers;
 Fertilizer application; Fertilizer requirement determinatio; Yield
 response functions
 
 
 293                                   NAL Call. No.: 100 T31M
 Utilization of subterranean clover--bermudagrass mixtures.
 Rouquette, F.M. Jr
 College Station, Tex. : The Station; 1988 Mar.
 Miscellaneous publication MP - Texas Agricultural Experiment
 Station (1640): p. 19-21; 1988 Mar.  In the series analytic:
 Subterranean clover--establishment, mangement, and utilization in
 Texas / forward by G.W. Evers.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Trifolium subterraneum; Cynodon dactylon; Mixed
 pastures; Beef cattle; Grazing trials; Weight gain
 
 
 294                                 NAL Call. No.: SF207.I485
 Utilizing big bluestem or a tall fescue-legume mixture for
 summer pasture. Johnson, K.D.; Hendrix, K.S.
 West Lafayette, Ind. : The Department; 1985.
 Indian beef report - Department of Animal Sciences,
 Agricultural Experiment Station/Cooperative Extension Service. p.
 19-21; 1985.  Meeting held on December 6, 1985, Purdue
 University, Indiana.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Beef cows; Calves; Grazing; Festuca arundinacea;
 Andropogon; Pasture management; Legumes; Mixed pastures;
 Weight gain
 
 
 295                                  NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59
 Validation of the grass model and it's potential use in
 western Oregon pasture management.
 Ballerstedt, P.
 Belleville, Pa. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1990.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 272-275; 1990.  Paper presented at the "Forage and Grassland
 Conference," June 6-9, 1990, Blacksburg, Virginia.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Lolium perenne; Trifolium repens;
 Grassland management; Grazing; Computer software
 
 
 296                                  NAL Call. No.: QK867.J67
 Variation among Trifolium species for resistance to iron-
 deficiency chlorosis. Gildersleeve, R.R.; Ocumpaugh, W.R.
 New York, N.Y. : Marcel Dekker; 1988 Jun.
 Journal of plant nutrition v. 11 (6/11): p. 727-737; 1988 Jun. 
 Paper presented at the "Fourth International Symposium on Iron
 Nutrition and Interactions in Plants," July 6-9, 1987,
 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium; Cultivars; Iron; Chlorosis; Nutrient
 deficiencies; Calcareous soils; Resistance; Yields; Plant
 breeding; Performance testing
 
 
 297                                   NAL Call. No.: 275.29 IO9PA 
 Weed management in small grains, pastures, and legume forages.
 Hartzler, R.G.
 Ames, Iowa : The Service; 1990 Dec.
 PM - Iowa State University, Cooperative Extension Service v.): 4
 p.; 1990 Dec.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grain crops; Legumes; Pastures; Weed control;
 Cultural control; Herbicides
 
 
 298                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 White clover seed production from mixed swards: effect of
 sheep grazing on stolon density and on seed yield components of two
 contrasting white clover varieties.
 Marshall, A.; Hides, D.H.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Mar.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 45 (1): p. 35-42; 1990 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: United  Kingdom; Sheep; Trifolium repens;
 Varieties; Leaves; Size; Varietal effects; Stolons; Plant
 density; Crop yield; Seeds; Yield components; Mixed pastures;
 Grazing effects; Inflorescences; Seed production
 
 
 299                        NAL Call. No.: 100 F66S (1) no.613
 Whiteclover-pangolagrass and whiteclover-coastal Bermudagrass
 pastures for dairy heifers.
 Marshall, Sidney P.
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1959.
 22 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / University of Florida.
 Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 613).  Cover title. 
 Bibliography: p. 21-22.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pangolagrass; Clover; Bermuda grass; Dairy
 cattle; Feeding and feeds
 
 
 300                        NAL Call. No.: 100 F66S (1) no.458
 Winter oats and Crimson clover pastures as supplements to
 fattening rations for feeder pigs.
 Baker, F. S.
 Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida Agricultural
 Experiment Station,; 1949.
 7 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / University of Florida. Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; no. 458).  Cover title.  "A contribution of
 the North Florida Experiment Station"--T.p.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Crimson clover; Oats; Florida; Pastures; Florida;
 Swine; Florida; Feeding and feeds
 
 
 301                                        NAL Call. No.: 4 AM34P 
 Yield and botanical composition of alfalfa-bermudagrass
 mixtures. Brown, R.H.; Byrd, G.T.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1990 Nov.
 Agronomy journal v. 82 (6): p. 1074-1079; 1990 Nov.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Medicago sativa; Cynodon dactylon; Crop
 mixtures; Crop yield; Competitive ability; Botanical
 composition; Nitrogen fertilizers; Application rates; Herbage;
 Nitrogen content; Mixed pastures
 
 Abstract:  The regions of adaptation of alfalfa (Medicago
 sativa L.) and bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.]
 overlap in the southeastern USA, but the compatibility of
 these species in a mixture has not been described. Two field
 experiments were conducted to compare the yield and botanical
 composition of alfalfa-bermudagrass mixtures with each species
 grown alone. In the first experiment 'Apollo' alfalfa was
 grown alone and in mixtures with 'Tifton 44' bermudagrass
 fertilized with 0 and 100 kg N ha-1, and compared with
 bermudagrass fertilized with N at rates of 100, 300, and 500 kg
 ha-1. In a second experiment Apollo alfalfa was grown alone in 15-
 cm rows and in 15-and 30-cm rows in mixtures with
 'Coastal' bermudagrass. Bermudagrass was also grown alone and
 fertilized with 100, 200, and 300 kg of N ha-1. Yields of the
 alfalfa-bermudagrass mixtures averaged 9.7 Mg ha-1 over both
 experiments and were similar to alfalfa alone (9.2 Mg ha-1). The
 mixtures also were similar in yield to bermudagrass
 fertilized with 200 kg N ha-1 in the second experiment (11.2 Mg
 ha-1) and between yields of bermudagrass receiving 100 and 300 kg
 N ha-1 in the first experiment. Alfalfa dominated the mixture in
 both experiments comprising 100% of the forage in the spring
 harvests, except for the establishment year in the first
 experiment. The lowest percentage of alfalfa was in
 August when in 1 yr it reached 53%. Neither N fertilization nor row
 spacing of the alfalfa affected yield or botanical
 composition of the mixture.
 
 
 302                                NAL Call. No.: 100 W27E no.683 
 Yield and botanical composition of certain grass-legume
 mixtures on Puget clay loam.
 Turner, Darrell O.
 Pullman, Wash. : Washington Agricultural Experiment Station,
 College of Agriculture, Washington State University,; 1967. 7 p. :
 ill. ; 28 cm. (Bulletin / Washington Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; 683).  Cover title.  Bibliography: p. 6.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Forage plants; Fertilizers; Forage plants; Soils;
 Forage plants; Yield
 
 
 303                                      NAL Call. No.: SB193.F59 
 Yield and chemical composition of perennial grasses and
 alfalfa grown for maximum biomass.
 Anderson, I.C.; Buxton, D.R.; Lawlor, P.A.
 Columbia, Mo. : American Forage and Grassland Council; 1991.
 Proceedings of the Forage and Grassland Conference. p.
 128-132; 1991.  Meeting held April 1-4, 1991, Columbia,
 Missouri.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Medicago sativa; Andropogon gerardii; Panicum
 virgatum; Phalaris arundinacea; Crop yield; Biomass
 production; Plant composition
 
 
 304                                     NAL Call. No.: SB197.A1T7 
 Yield and nutritive value of forages grown under irrigated and
 nonirrigated conditions.
 Mansfield, C.W.; Mislevy, P.; Hammond, L.C.
 St Lucia : Tropical Grassland Society of Australia; 1990.
 Tropical grasslands v. 24 (1): p. 55-60; 1990.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Paspalum notatum; Cynodon dactylon; Digitaria
 decumbens; Cynodon aethiopicus; Zea mays; Sorghum bicolor;
 Trifolium pratense; Irrigated conditions; Dry conditions;
 Growth rate; Dry matter accumulation; Crop yield; Herbage;
 Nutritive value; Nutrient contents of plants; In vitro
 digestibility; Crude protein
 
 
 305                                     NAL Call. No.: 442.8 AN72 
 Yield and persistency of contrasting white clover populations grown
 in pure swards and in mixed swards with S.23 perennial ryegrass.
 Eagles, C.F.; Othman, O.B.
 Warwick : Association of Applied Biologists; 1989 Jun.
 Annals of applied biology v. 114 (3): p. 545-557; 1989 Jun. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Trifolium repens; Lolium perenne; Crop yield;
 Cultivars
 
 
 306                                     NAL Call. No.: 60.19 B773 
 Yield of white clover populations in mixture with contrasting
 perennial ryegrasses.
 Collins, R.P.; Rhodes, I.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1989 Mar.
 Grass and forage science : the journal of the British
 Grassland Society v. 44 (1): p. 111-115; 1989 Mar.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wales; Switzerland; Trifolium repens; Lolium;
 Cultivars; Populations; Yields; Mixed pastures; Productivity; Dry
 matter accumulation; Selection criteria; Compatibility
 
 
 307                             NAL Call. No.: 100 M76 (1) no.553 
 Yield performance of simple irrigated grass-legume pasture
 mixtures at Bozeman, Montana.
 Cooper, C. S.; Eslick, Robert F._1916-; Stitt, R. E.
 Bozeman, Montana : Montana Agricultural Experiment Station, Montana
 State College,; 1960.
 11 p., [1] p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Montana Agricultural
 Experiment Station ; 553).  Cover title.  Bibliography: p.
 [12].
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Montana; Irrigation; Grasses; Montana;
 Yield; Legumes; Montana; Yield
 
 
 308                             NAL Call. No.: 100 M76 (1) no.556 
 Yield performance of simple irrigated grass-legume pasture
 mixtures at Huntley and Creston, Montana.
 Cooper, C. S.
 Bozeman, Montana : Montana Agricultural Experiment Station, Montana
 State College,; 1961.
 11 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Montana Agricultural Experiment
 Station ; 556). Cover title.  Bibliography: p. 9.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Pastures; Montana; Irrigation; Grasses; Montana;
 Yield; Legumes; Montana; Yield
 
 
                        Author Index
 
 Abaye, A.O.  162
 Absher, C.  145
 Adams, L.D.  204
 Adams, M. W.  144
 Agishi, E.C.  127, 289
 Ahlgren, Gilbert H.  157
 Aiken, G.E.  225
 Akundabweni, L.S.  40
 Alison, M.W.  94
 Allen, G.  11
 Allen, M.  231
 Allen, V.G.  134, 135, 162
 Altom, J.V.  52
 Anderson, I.C.  303
 Anthony, J. L.  233
 Anthony, W. B.  259
 Arnold, C.D.  165
 Atkinson, D.  14
 Avila, M.  229
 Ayres, J.F.  195
 Azcon, R.  283
 Azcon-Aguilar, C.  283
 Bade, D.H.  112
 Bagley, C.P.  55
 Baker M.J.  87
 Baker, F. S.  300
 Baker, Marvel L.  287
 Ball, P.R.  236
 Ballerstedt, P.  295
 Barea, J.M.  283
 Barker, G.M.  214
 Bartleson, J.L.  94
 Barton, F.E. II  26
 Bassiri, M.  61, 257
 Bates, D.L.  109
 Bax, J.  42
 Beale, P.E.  246
 Beck, D. P.  199
 Bell, S.  281
 Belton, J.M.  75
 Bennett, Hugh W.  168
 Bennett, R. L.  142
 Benton, R.W.  36
 Berdahl, J.D.  277
 Berry, L. J.  235
 Best, L.B.  90
 Bishop, H.G.  33, 89, 184
 Bittman, S.  78
 Blaikie, S.J.  15, 97, 187
 Blair, G.J.  73, 80, 222, 223
 Blaser, Roy Emil,  29
 Blum, U.  93
 Bogdan, A.V.  207
 Bolland, M.D.A.  87, 264
 Bouton, J.H.  7, 226
 Bowdler, T.M.  255
 Bowling, P.J.  252
 Boyd, A.G.  85
 Bradley, N.W.  165, 197
 Brazle, F.K.  8
 Brick, M.A.  47
 Brier, G.J.  227
 Brink, G.E.  53, 54, 202
 Brock, J.L.  62, 198
 Brougham, R.W.  216
 Brouse, E. M.  116
 Brown, B. A.  209, 210
 Brown, E. Marion  105
 Brown, R.H.  301
 Brummer, E.C.  226
 Bullock, R.C.  107
 Burger, A. W.  140
 Burlison, W. L.  186
 Burns, J.C.  238
 Burris, R.  145
 Burzlaff, Donald Frederick,  116
 Bushnell, R.B.  282
 Buxton, D.R.  219, 303
 Byrd, G.T.  301
 Cameron, A.G.  211
 Cameron, D.G.  89, 184
 Carlson, H.  36
 Carlson, I.T.  219
 Carter, D.  101
 Casler, M.D.  58, 147
 Chambliss, C.G.  225
 Chaparro, C.J.  146
 Chapman, E. J.  174
 Clanton, D.C.  173
 Clark, D.A.  193
 Clark, D.H.  63
 Clark, N. A.  43
 Clark, S.G.  148
 Clary, W.P.  256
 Clatworthy, J.N.  229
 Cleland, A.T.  44
 Coates, D.B.  221
 Coates, D.M.  10
 Coffey, K.P.  8
 Cole, Glen F.  242
 Collins, M.  197
 Collins, R.P.  306
 Connolly, J.  270
 Connor, D.J.  15, 97
 Cook, B.G. 184
 Cook, S.J.  71
 Cooke, L.  114
 Cooke, S.  14
 Coombs, D.F.  94
 Cooper, C. S.  307, 308
 Cope, J. T.  126
 Cornelius, P.L.  165, 197
 Cosgrove, D.  84
 Cosgrove, G.P.  216
 Cossins, N.J.  205
 Coutts, G.  14
 Cox, H. R.  157
 Crawford, E.J.  2
 Cregan, P.D.  113
 Crocker, G.J.  99
 Crush, J.R.  200
 Curll, M.L.  172
 Dahl, B. E.  141
 Dally, M.R.  273
 Davidson, I.A.  152, 267
 Davies, A.  96, 98, 284
 Davies, B.L.  241
 Davies, D.A.  240
 Davis, R. R.  275
 Dawe, S.T.  166
 Dean, J.G.  253
 Dear, B.S.  113
 Delane, R.  159
 Demment, M.W.  273
 Dibb, C.  252
 Dodd, David Rollin  177
 Dodds, D.L.  170
 Doll, E. C.  117
 Dorsett, D.J.  128
 Dougherty, C.  145
 Dougherty, C.T.  165, 197
 Dovel, R.L.  106
 Dowling, P.M.  110, 266
 Doyle, C.J.  243
 Drake, D.J.  36
 Dunavin, L.S.  180
 Duncan, H. R.  234
 Dunn, T.G.  204
 Eagles, C.F.  305
 Edwardson, J. R.  25
 Ella, A.  73, 80
 Engel, B.A.  34
 Enis, J.  212
 Ensminger, L. E.  104
 Eslick, Robert F.  307
 European Cooperative Programme on Conservation and Exchange of    
       Crop Genetic Resources. Working Group on Forages.          
 Meeting 1989 : Montpellier, France)  247
 Evans, D.R.  51
 Evans, E. M.  104
 Evans, J.  161
 Evans, M.E.  98
 Evers, G.W.  213, 224
 Fairbrother, T.E.  53, 54, 202
 Fairey, N.A.  92
 Falconer, D.A.  245
 Feazel, J.I.  55, 82
 Field, T.R.O.  236
 Findlater, P.  101
 Fletchall, O. Hale  105
 Fletcher, L.  124
 Fontenot, J.P.  134, 135, 162
 Forbes, Ian  25
 Forbes, T.D.A.  165
 Forwood, J.R.  132
 Fosgate, H.  4
 Foster, J. E.  140
 Foster, L.  288
 Fothergill, M.  240, 286
 Frame, J.  85, 155
 Frank, A.B.  277
 Franklin, M.F.  44
 Fraser, J.  46
 Fraser, T.  124
 Frawley, B.J.  90
 Freyman, S.  109
 Friesner, D.L.  231
 Fritz, J.O.  160
 Gammie, Dick  215
 Gammon, Nathan  122
 Gdara, A.O.  253
 George, M.R.  125, 153
 Gibb, M.J.  13
 Gilbert, M.A.  59
 Gilbey, J.  252
 Gildersleeve, R.R.  296
 Gintzburger, G.  136
 Gladstones, J.  159
 Gleeson, A.C.  48, 49, 172
 Gomm, F. B.  111
 Gonzalez, C.L.  260
 Goyenola, R.S.  183
 Grami, B.  61, 257
 Gramshaw, D.  59
 Graves, W.L.  18, 36, 153
 Greenfield, R.G.  133
 Grimes, H. W.  130
 Guerrero, J.N.  271
 Hamilton, N.R.S.  70
 Hammes, R.C. Jr  135
 Hammond, L.C.  304
 Harper, J.L.  70
 Harris, A.J.  100, 193
 Hart, R.H.  3, 204, 253
 Hartzler, R.G.  297
 Hatfield, A. L.  117
 Hay, M.J.M.  62, 201
 Haycock, R.E.  17
 Hayes, M.J.  150
 Hays, S.M.  9
 Heagle, A.S.  93
 Heath, M.E.  20
 Heichel, G.H.  66
 Helyar, K.R.  67
 Hemken, Roger W.  43
 Hendrix, K.S.  294
 Henjum, K.I.  66
 Henzell, E.F.  237, 269
 Hermann, F. J.  27
 Hernandez, C.B.  271
 Hewitt, G.B.  95
 Hides, D.H.  298
 High, Joe W.  38
 High, T. W.  120, 232
 Hill, M.J.  48, 49
 Hintz, H.F.  181
 Hirth, J.R.  148
 Hochman, Z.  113
 Hoglund, J.  124
 Holbek, N.E.  109
 Holford, I.C.R.  99
 Holt, E.C.  106
 Holter, J.B.  10
 Hopkins, A.  45, 252
 Horton, P.R.  78
 Hoveland, C. S.  130
 Hoveland, C.S.  7, 24, 26, 182, 185, 265
 Howell, Herbert B.  77
 Huffman, D.C.  94
 Hughes, Harold De Mott,  32
 Hughes, R.M.  195
 Hull, J.L.  125
 Huneycutt, H.J.  261
 Hussey, M.A.  106
 International Board for Plant Genetic Resources  247
 International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry
           Areas  199
 Ivy, R.L.  202
 Jackson, T. L.  77
 Jacobsen, C.N.  80
 Jahn, H.G.  291
 James, I.R.  81
 Johnson, B.  189
 Johnson, E.G.p 167
 Johnson, J.T.  228
 Johnson, K.D.  131, 294
 Jones, D.D.  34
 Jones, D.R.  96, 284
 Jones, J.R.  286
 Jones, Luther Goodrich  23
 Jones, M.B.  273
 Jones, R.A.C.  188
 Jones, R.M.  184, 206, 218
 Jones, T.A.  219
 Joost, R.E.  231, 244
 Jordan, R.M.  176
 Kaiser, C.J.  20
 Kaltenbach, C.C.  204
 Karnezos, T.P.  178, 196
 Kay, B.L.  153
 Kearins, R.D.  241
 Keating, B.A.  149
 Kenney, P.A.  239
 Kenno, H.  47
 Kerridge, P.C.  221
 Killinger, G. B.  21
 Kindschy, R.R.  6
 King, C. C.  16
 King, Willis Alonzo  258
 Kipps, M.S.  41
 Klein, E.  163
 Knight, W.E.  69
 Koch, D.W.  10
 Koonce, K.L.  55
 Kowalenko, C.G.  109
 Kretschmer, A.E. Jr  107
 Kretschmer, Albert E.  272
 Kruger, A.J.  121
 Kunelius, H.T.  46
 Kusekwa, M.L.  103
 Kushenov, B.M.  290
 Lacefield, G.  145
 Laidlaw, A.S.  50
 LaMaster, J. P.  258
 Lancashire, J.A.  68
 Lattimore, M.E.  166
 Lauriault, L.M.  165, 197
 Lavender, R.H.  86
 Lawlor, P.A.  303
 Laws, J.A.  76
 Lazier, J.R.  40
 Ledgard, S.F.  227
 Lee, G.R.  184
 Lee, R.D.  228
 Leidigh, A. H.  274
 Lemme, G.  40
 Leslie, J. I.  43
 Leys, A.R.  254
 Lill, W.J.  254
 Linda, S.B.  146
 Little, D.L.  246
 Lloyd, D.L.  189
 Lodge, G.M.  91
 Lomas, L.W.  8
 Lorenz, R.J.  154
 Love, R. Merton  235
 Lovelace, D.A.  128
 Lowe, K.F.  184
 Lowther, W.L.  200
 Ludke, D.H.  33
 Lunt, R.J.  87
 Lush, R. H.  88
 Lwoga, A.B.  103
 Maclaurin, A.R.  229
 MacLean, J.T.  129
 Macleod, N.D.  71
 Malik, N.  203
 Mallarino, A.P.  83, 183
 Mannetje, L.   206
 Mansfield, C.W.  304
 Manske, L.  170
 Marble, V.L.  271
 Marriott, C.A.  263
 Marshall, A.  298
 Marshall, A.H.  81
 Marshall, Sidney P.  299
 Martin, F.M.  15, 97, 187
 Martin, N.P.  64
 Martz, F.A.  281
 Mason, L.F.  231
 Mason, S.A.  51
 Mason, W.K.  15, 97
 Masson, P.  136
 Matches, A.G.  178, 196, 281
 Materon, L. A.  199
 Mathison, G.W.  291
 Mathison, M.J.  2
 Mattinson, B.  11
 McAdam, J.H.  12
 McCartney, D.H.  78
 McGinnies, W.J.  251
 McHenry, W.B.  282
 McKee, Roland,  22
 McMurphy, W.  212
 Mears, P.T.  39
 Menchaca, L.  270
 Merrell, B.G.  115, 220
 Merwine, Norman Charles,  168
 Middleton, J.M.  143
 Miller, C.P.  221
 Miller, P.R.  18
 Milligan, L.P.  291
 Mislevy, P.  304
 Mitchell, A.R.  271
 Mitchell, J.R.  10
 Mitchell, Jack H.  258
 Mkhatshwa, P.D.  265
 Moline, W.J.  143
 Montes, R.A.  93
 Moore, K.J.  131, 160
 Moore, P.  11
 Moore, R.A. R154
 Mooso, G.D.  82
 Moran, C. H.  208
 Morris, D.R.  244
 Morris, J.G.  125
 Morrison, D.G.  82
 Morrison, J.  243
 Mott, J.J.  149
 Mowery, D.  281
 Moyer, J.L.  8
 Munsell, R. I.  209, 210
 Murison, R.D.  110, 266
 Murphy, Alfred Henry,  191
 Murray, P.J.  252
 Myers, R.J.K.  237, 269
 Neller, J. R.  119, 276
 Newton, J.E.  76
 Newton, P.C.D.  201
 Nichols, J.T.O 173
 Noble, C.L.  192
 Norris, R.F.  282
 Notter, D.R.  134, 135
 NSW Agriculture & Fisheries  215
 Nuttall, W.F.  78
 O'Connor, G.E.  161
 Ocumpaugh, W.R.  190, 296
 Ogwang, B.H.  250
 Oldham, C.  11
 Oliver, M.N.  282
 Onsager, J.A.  95
 Orr, R.J.  279
 Osterli, Victor P.  23
 Othman, O.B.  305
 Overton, Joseph R.  174
 Panetta, F.D.  137
 Pannell, D.J.  245
 Parish, R.  163
 Park, J. K.  102
 Parkinson, A.E.  86
 Parks, W. L.  174
 Parsons, A.J.  279
 Partridge, I.J.  39
 Patefield, W.M.  45
 Paterson, J.A.  132
 Peake, D.C.I.  269
 Peel, S. 243
 Pendery, B.M.  63, 169, 278
 Pengelly, B.C.  33
 Penning, P.D.  279
 Perdomo, C.H.  183
 Perry, M.W.  74
 Petersen, J.C.  26
 Peterson, Maurice Lewellen,  23
 Peterson, P.R.  176
 Phelps, C. S.  139
 Phillips, J.M.  261
 Pigott, F.J.  255
 Pinter, P.J. Jr  271
 Pitman, W.D.  225
 Plater, B.  254
 Plummer, R.  143
 Portier, K.M.  225
 Posler, G.L.  164
 Potts, R. C.  280
 Power, J.F.  175
 Pratt, A. D.  275
 Pratt, J.N.  112, 128
 Preen, R.N.  286
 Provenza, F.D.  169
 Pugh, R.  241
 Raguse, C.A.  125
 Rane, F. Wm  57
 Rangeley, A.  118, 292
 Rawlings, P.J.K.  194
 Reed, K.F.M.  2
 Reeder, J.D.  251
 Rees, M.E.  286
 Rhodes, I.  306
 Rhykerd, C.L.  34
 Rhykerd, C.L. Jr  34
 Rhykerd, L.M.  34
 Rhykerd, R.L.  34
 Richardson, A.C.  72
 Ridout, M.S.  13
 Ries, R.E.  175
 Roberts, C.A.  131, 160
 Roberts, G.B.  239
 Robinson, G.G.  110, 266
 Robson, M.J.  267
 Rogers, R.L.  94
 Rohweder, D.A.  217
 Rommann, L.  212
 Ross, B.J.  211
 Rouquette, F.M. Jr  293
 Royal, A.J.E.  195
 Ruark, E.  5
 Rumbaugh, M.D.  63, 249, 278
 Russo, S.L.  171
 Sandoval, F.M.  175
 Sarathchandra, S.U.  227
 Saxton, A.M.  94
 Schoth, H. A.  22
 Schriever, D.A.  64
 Schultze-Kraft, R.  108
 Scott, J.M.  222, 223
 Sears, O. H.  186
 Sheaffer, C.C.  176, 179
 Sheath, G.W.  100
 Sheldrick, R.D.  86
 Sibbald, A.R.  286
 Silvey, M.W.  218
 Smith, A.E.  230
 Smith, B.  30
 Smith, E.M.  165
 Smith, L. A.  130
 Smith, S.R. Jr  7
 Sollenberger, L.E.  146
 Sprague, V. G.  123, 262
 Spurrier, E. C.  140
 Standaert, J.E.  238
 Standell, C.J.  268
 Steele, K.W.  198
 Stephenson, R.J.  164
 Stewart, T. A.  60
 Stewart, T.A.  17
 Stitt, R. E.  307
 Strickland, R.W.  133
 Stritzke, J.F.  52
 Stur, W.W.  73, 80
 Stypinski, P.  132
 Swift, G.  44
 Syers, J.K.  72
 Taggard, K.L.  125
 Tewson, V.  152
 Texas Agricultural Experiment Station  274, 280
 Thatcher, L. E.  177
 Thomas, D.  108
 Thomas, Herman La Motte  35
 Thomas, V.J.  62, 201
 Thomsen, C.D.  18
 Thorn, C.W.  74
 Thro, A.M.  37
 Townsend, C.E.  1, 47
 Treacher, T.T.  279
 Turkington, R.  151, 163
 Turner, Darrell O.  302
 U.S. Regional Pasture Research Laboratory  248
 Undersander, D.  84
 United States, Agricultural Research Service, Crops Research      
     Division  285
 University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus), Cooperative     
      Extension Service  19
 Upton, M.  205
 Van der Merwe, A.J.  121
 Van Horn, A. G.  88
 Van Keuren, R. W.  275
 Van Keuren, R.W.  217
 Vartha, E.  124
 Vaughn, C.E.  273
 Waddington, J.  78, 203
 Waggoner, J.W. Jr  204
 Wagstaff, H.  156
 Walgenbach, R.P.  147
 Walker, R.  241
 Wallace, A. T.  21
 Walsh, P.A.  71
 Walton, P.D.  291
 Wardle, D.A.  137
 Wassermann, V.D.  121
 Watkins, W. E.  65
 Webb, A.A.  89
 Wedin, W.F.  83, 183
 Weeks, P.J.  89
 Weitkamp, W.H.  153
 Wells, Homer D.  25
 West, C.P.  183, 261
 West, D.W.  192
 Whitaker, W. M.  88
 Whitman, Warren C.  56
 Wilkins, F. S.  32
 Willard, C. J.  177
 Williams, D. H.  79
 Williams, E.D.  150
 Williams, P.  138
 Williams, T.A.  51
 Williams, Thomas A.  31
 Williams, W.A.  18
 Williams, William A.  235
 Willis, C.C.  82
 Wilson, A.M.  61, 257
 Wilson, G.P.M.  184
 Wilson, T.C.  107
 Wilton, A.C.  158, 277
 Windham, W.R.  26
 Winter, W.H.  221
 Withers, P.J.A.  115
 Woledge, J.  152
 Wolfe, T.K.  41
 Woods, Chas. D.  139
 Woodward, L.  288
 
 
                        Subject Index
 
 Acetylene reduction  263
 Acid soils  99, 99, 121, 264, 265
 Acreage  68, 217
 Adaptability  18, 20, 136, 211
 Adaptation  2, 133, 154, 260
 Aeration  288
 Aerial sowing  110
 Aeschynomene  33, 121, 184
 Aeschynomene Americana  37, 146, 184, 211, 225
 Age of trees  73
 Agroclimatic regions  193
 Agronomic characteristics  20, 33, 189, 226, 277, 278
 Agropyron  6
 Agropyron cristatum  47, 63, 169, 178, 196, 256, 278
 Agropyron desertorum  61, 169, 178, 196, 204, 257, 277, 278
 Agrostis  150
 Agrostis stolonifera  155
 Air temperature  187, 227, 267
 Alabama  16, 16, 104, 104
 Alberta  92, 291
 Alfalfa  5, 6, 117, 141, 167, 275, 275
 Alfalfa as feed  242, 275, 287
 Alfalfa hay  282
 Alkaline soils  264
 Allelopathy  164, 230
 Alopecurus  47
 Alopecurus pratensis  92
 Altitude  207, 265
 Ammonia  44
 Ammonium sulfate  218, 227
 Amsinckia  282
 Analytical methods  64
 Andropogon  281, 294
 Andropogon gerardii  303
 Animal feeding  289
 Animal husbandry  156
 Animal nutrition  288
 Animal production  100, 173, 189, 216, 229, 241
 Animals  198
 Annuals 2, 91, 112, 224
 Antibloat agents  114
 Application date  98, 227, 254
 Application rates  218, 251, 254, 269, 301
 Arachis  184
 Arid climate  278
 Arkansas  261
 Artemisia  95
 Artemisia tridentata  169
 Artificial defoliation  150
 Astragalus cicer  47, 61, 257
 Atlantic States  248
 Atriplex canescens  169
 Australia  2, 39, 59, 67, 127, 159, 184, 221, 237
 Australian northern territory  211
 Autumn  85, 146, 202, 213
 Avena sativa  231
 Barley hay  282
 Barns  134
 Beef cattle  17, 29, 38, 60, 94, 120, 125, 126, 134, 140, 165,    
       167, 197, 221, 232, 234, 243, 259, 293
 Beef cows  135, 294
 Beef production  17, 39, 217, 221, 243
 Bermuda grass  299
 Bibliographies  129
 Big trefoil  21, 22, 285
 Bioassays  230
 Bioclimate  67
 Biological activity in soil  227
 Biological production  110
 Biomass  271
 Biomass determination  63
 Biomass production  106, 303
 Biting rate  197
 Bloat  145, 212
 Body weight  135
 Botanical composition  26, 63, 67, 110, 115, 134, 135, 160,       
    163, 206, 218, 220, 221, 225, 251, 252, 279, 288,           301
 Bouteloua gracilis  277
 Branching  201
 British Columbia  109, 163
 Broadcasting  91, 106, 223
 Bromus biebersteinii  47, 92, 204
 Bromus catharticus  45
 Bromus inermis  10, 47, 78, 92, 147, 160, 291
 Browse plants  127
 Calcareous soils  296
 Calibration  26
 California  18, 36, 125, 153, 271, 273, 282
 Calliandra calothyrsus  73, 80
 Calves  94, 134, 135, 204, 205, 294
 Calving  94
 Canopy  15, 152
 Carbetamide  268
 Carbohydrates  7, 63, 253
 Carcass weight  17
 Carduus nutans  137
 Cassia  133
 Cattle  8, 11, 13, 162, 205, 206, 287
 Cattle farming  30
 Cattle fattening  132
 Cenchrus ciliaris  89, 206, 269
 Centaurea solstitialis  282
 Centrosema  108
 Centrosema pascuorum  211
 Centrosema plumieri  211
 Centrosema pubescens  211
 Cereals  205
 Characterization  37
 Chemical composition  171
 Chemical constituents of plants  160
 Chemical control  74, 268
 Chlorosis  296
 Cirsium vulgare  137
 Classification  33
 Clay loam soils  37
 Clay soils  149, 211, 255, 269
 Climate  154, 207
 Climatic factors  263
 Climatic zones  69
 Clipping  253
 Clones  219
 Clover  27, 35, 60, 102, 119, 142, 191, 235, 276, 299
 Clover as feed  60, 259
 Clover silage  28
 Clovers  14, 115, 224, 288
 Coal mined land  251
 Coastal areas  39
 Cold tolerance  36
 Collections  33, 37
 Colombia  108
 Colonizing ability  137, 150
 Colorado  141, 141, 141, 251
 Companion crops  92, 131, 219
 Companion planting  168
 Compatibility  219, 306
 Competitive ability  106, 219, 301
 Computer simulation  101, 243
 Computer software  295
 Congresses  199, 199, 199, 199, 199, 248
 Connecticut  139, 139, 209
 Controlled grazing  8, 86, 156
 Cost benefit analysis  71, 241
 Costs  94
 Cows  94, 204, 218
 Coyotes  273
 Crimson clover  57, 258, 300
 Crop density  7, 40, 62, 80, 84, 251
 Crop establishment  34, 40, 59, 72, 91, 106, 150, 202,
           211, 289
 Crop management  112, 181
 Crop mixtures  12, 17, 46, 47, 49, 58, 68, 82, 83, 115, 147,      
     164, 173, 178, 183, 196, 225, 236, 238, 267, 270,          
 283, 301
 Crop production  78, 93
 Crop quality  2, 53, 74, 83, 89, 109, 131, 150, 182, 196, 206,    
       211, 218, 221, 225, 244, 251, 252, 265, 269, 271
 Crop weed competition  230
 Crop yield  2, 12, 40, 41, 47, 49, 51, 54, 64, 66, 67, 68, 73,    
       78, 80, 83, 84, 89, 91, 92, 94, 109, 115, 131, 146,         
  148, 150, 152, 161, 169, 170, 176, 187, 196, 198,           206,
 211, 218, 219, 220, 221, 229, 236, 250, 251,           252, 253,
 255, 265, 267, 268, 269, 270, 277, 278,           283, 290, 298,
 301, 303, 304, 305
 Cropping systems  156, 171, 229
 Crude protein  18, 54, 131, 160, 178, 251, 304
 Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus  188
 Cultivars  2, 7, 18, 20, 45, 46, 50, 58, 68, 113, 147, 148,       
    150, 153, 154, 188, 189, 226, 244, 246, 253, 260,           261,
 265, 277, 296, 305, 306
 Cultivation methods  59
 Cultural control  297
 Cultural methods  24, 113
 Cutting  98, 169
 Cutting date  73
 Cutting frequency  73, 80, 90, 92, 252, 263
 Cutting height  73
 Cynodon aethiopicus  304
 Cynodon dactylon  94, 202, 213, 231, 293, 301, 304
 Cynosurus cristatus  155
 Cytisus  11
 Dactylis glomerata  46, 47, 58, 109, 132, 147, 163
 Dairy cattle  43, 123, 299
 Dairy cows  10, 195
 Decline  269
 Defoliation  48, 89, 96, 98, 226, 253
 Dehydration  61, 257
 Density  90, 219
 Desiccants  213
 Desmanthus  106
 Desmodium  107, 108, 225
 Developmental stages  290
 Diets  108, 132, 221
 Digestibility  10, 53, 54, 134, 135, 178, 195, 291
 Digitaria  133
 Digitaria decumbens  304
 Direct sowing  91, 106
 Disease control  246
 Disease resistance  101, 114, 246
 Diurnal activity  8
 Drilling  150, 223, 256
 Drought  61
 Dry conditions  205, 304
 Dry farming  1, 245
 Dry matter  51, 91, 96, 133, 161, 197, 220, 229, 291
 Dry matter accumulation  18, 40, 46, 49, 66, 75, 83, 89, 98,      
     109, 121, 152, 155, 211, 219, 251, 252, 253, 255,          
 265, 267, 268, 269, 277, 304, 306
 Dry season  40, 80, 108
 Duration  8
 Dynamics  70
 Early maturation  222, 223
 Economics  39, 236, 237, 238
 Edaphic factors  72, 89
 Elymus elongatus  178, 196
 Elymus hispidus  196
 Elymus hispidus barbulatus  256
 Elymus hispidus subsp. barbulatus  178
 Elymus junceus  61, 256, 257
 Endophytes  8
 England  45, 76, 86, 115, 220, 288
 Environmental factors  89, 100, 158, 200
 Environmental impact reporting  156
 Environmental temperature  91
 Erosion control  101
 Establishment  137, 154, 288
 Estimation  271
 Estrogens  2
 Ethiopia  40, 205
 Evaluation  148, 195, 211
 Ewes  12, 62, 239, 284
 Excision  61, 257
 Experimental plots  36
 Experiments  4
 Expert systems  34
 Extension agents  64
 Farmers  64
 Farming systems  100, 156
 Farming systems research  288
 Feces  198
 Feed conversion  178
 Feed intake  10, 178, 243, 284
 Feed preferences  132, 260
 Feed requirements  100
 Feed supplements  221
 Feeding  273
 Feeding and feeds  29, 38, 43, 60, 111, 120, 126, 232, 234,       
    287, 299, 300
 Feeding behavior  165
 Feeding preferences  108
 Feeds  207
 Fertilizer application  59, 72, 109, 115, 125, 163, 173, 216,     
      241, 250, 279, 292
 Fertilizer placement  223
 Fertilizer requirement determinatio  87, 99, 118, 292
 Fertilizer requirement determination ,93, 255
 Fertilizers  79, 87, 104, 116, 133, 222, 302
 Fescue  102
 Festuca  150, 185
 Festuca arundinacea  8, 26, 58, 83, 93, 134, 147, 164, 183,       
    281, 294
 Festuca pratensis  46
 Festuca rubra  155
 Fiber content  58, 160, 197, 252
 Field experiments  209
 Field tests  52, 153
 Fixation  199
 Fleece weight  11
 Flemingia  108
 Flooded land  211
 Flooding tolerance  211
 Florida  29, 29, 29, 180, 225, 276, 276, 276, 276, 300, 300,      
     300
 Flowers  159
 Fodder crops  289
 Fodder legumes  11, 128, 129, 143, 251
 Fodder plants  5, 136, 138, 143, 180, 261
 Food  242
 Forage  6, 9, 10, 18, 20, 26, 47, 58, 64, 89, 108, 109, 133,      
     134, 135, 154, 171, 178, 182, 185, 189, 196, 197,          
 211, 219, 221, 243, 244, 251, 253, 265, 271,
           277, 278, 291
 Forage crops  3, 131, 154
 Forage legumes  1, 33, 37, 53, 54, 59, 67, 68, 69, 72, 74,
           100, 103, 125, 127, 171, 175, 179, 183, 198, 229,       
    236, 237, 238, 250, 260
 Forage plants  16, 31, 60, 65, 130, 139, 141, 210, 235, 247,      
     248, 285, 302, 302, 302
 Fragipans  20
 France  136
 Fungal diseases  246
 Gambia  171
 Genetic engineering  114
 Genetic resources  37
 Genetic variation  147, 226, 278
 Genotype environment interaction  58, 147
 Genotypes  148, 278, 291
 Geographical distribution  2, 33, 37, 67, 68, 69
 Georgia  4, 5, 7, 24, 138, 182, 185, 228, 301
 Germination  103
 Germplasm  37
 Gliricidia sepium  73, 80
 Glyphosate  214
 Grain crops  297
 Gramineae  47, 58, 63, 163, 193, 277
 Grass clippings  80
 Grass sward  13, 268, 279
 Grasses  6, 14, 19, 32, 39, 43, 65, 74, 76, 77, 79, 110, 111,     
      112, 115, 123, 133, 135, 139, 140, 142, 144, 154,          
 155, 173, 175, 183, 207, 210, 213, 215, 217, 228,           236,
 237, 238, 243, 247, 251, 266, 268, 276, 288,           290, 307,
 308
 Grassland improvement  71, 153, 221, 241, 273
 Grassland management  8, 11, 17, 75, 78, 85, 86, 92, 134, 143,    
       170, 172, 201, 214, 224, 251, 254, 288, 295
 Grassland soils  189, 265
 Grasslands  42, 91, 115
 Grazing  4, 11, 54, 55, 56, 88, 107, 125, 141, 170, 171, 173,     
      181, 188, 198, 213, 217, 221, 266, 281, 289, 294,          
 295
 Grazing behavior  8, 76, 108, 132, 197
 Grazing effects  3, 7, 91, 92, 96, 101, 146, 155, 197, 201,       
    216, 225, 226, 253, 261, 264, 290, 298
 Grazing experiments  67, 193, 239
 Grazing intensity  7, 146, 179, 184, 190, 201, 225, 226, 284
 Grazing lands  7, 12, 76, 113, 166, 197, 220, 241, 279, 284 Grazing
 systems  8, 13, 30, 100, 134, 135, 162, 165, 166, 176,          
 206, 254
 Grazing time  146
 Grazing trials  30, 108, 178, 184, 195, 196, 206, 229, 246,       
    250, 271, 293
 Great Plains  56
 Green fodders  127
 Ground cover  147
 Ground cover plants  91
 Growth  48, 61, 70, 81, 93, 99, 118, 148, 149, 159, 164, 169,     
      205, 222, 223, 263
 Growth rate  40, 98, 150, 152, 211, 226, 227, 251, 255, 267,      
     277, 278, 279, 304
 Habit  212, 226
 Habitat  242
 Harvesting  4, 179, 213
 Harvesting date  40, 244
 Harvesting frequency  89, 135
 Hawaii  30
 Hay  94, 134, 135, 154, 213, 265
 Haymaking  82
 Heifers  10, 190, 281, 290
 Helenium amarum  230
 Herbage  14, 45, 49, 83, 92, 98, 150, 155, 178, 196, 197, 206,    
       218, 221, 225, 226, 252, 253, 255, 267, 268, 269,          
 271, 284, 288, 301, 304
 Herbicide application  231, 268
 Herbicide rates  268
 Herbicide resistance  254
 Herbicides  52, 86, 91, 203, 297
 Heteropogon contortus  71
 High yielding varieties  159
 Hill land  12, 115, 220
 Holcus lanatus  155
 Holstein-friesian  290
 Human activity  90
 Humus  118, 292
 Hybrids  147, 178, 196
 Idaho  278
 Identification  282
 Illinois  19, 19
 Immobilization  227
 Improved varieties  156
 Improvement  217
 In vitro  54
 In vitro digestibility  108, 131, 197, 225, 304
 Indiana 34
 Indirect methods  160
 Industrial countries  156
 Infection  188
 Inflorescences  81, 298
 Infrared spectroscopy  26, 63, 64, 160, 271
 Ingestion  165, 197
 Inoculation  283
 Insect control  214
 Insect pests  2
 Insecticides  214
 Integrated systems  39
 Interactions  214
 Intercropping  131, 171
 International cooperation  127
 Interplanting  47, 80, 95, 169, 170, 277
 Introduced species  171, 229, 250, 260
 Iowa  90, 219
 Iron  296
 Iron podzols  118, 292
 Irrigated conditions  15, 97, 173, 175, 187, 304
 Irrigated pastures  89, 196, 255
 Irrigation  59, 116, 156, 174, 232, 307, 308
 Irrigation requirements  175
 Irrigation scheduling  173
 Irrigation systems  166
 Johnson grass  168
 Kabatiella caulivora  246
 Kansas  164
 Kentucky  165
 Kenya  207
 Kochia prostrata  169
 Lablab  260
 Labor requirements  135
 Ladino clover  105, 177, 208, 209, 262
 Lamb production  124, 166, 178, 240, 273
 Lambing rate  239
 Lambs  62, 178, 196, 241, 271, 273, 284
 Lateness  148
 Leaf area  15, 50
 Leaf area index  152, 267
 Leaf water potential  15
 Leaves  70, 73, 80, 230, 298
 Legumes  2, 19, 32, 39, 77, 95, 107, 111, 112, 116, 133, 134,     
      135, 138, 144, 154, 156, 161, 168, 173, 184, 199,          
 199, 200, 205, 207, 217, 228, 245, 247, 290, 294,           297,
 307, 308
 Legumes as feed  29, 43, 111, 123, 140
 Leguminosae  53, 108, 149, 185, 193, 289
 Lespedeza  186
 Lespedeza cuneata  244, 265
 Leucaena leucocephala  73, 80
 Ley farming  288
 Leys  74, 288
 Lime (mineral)  121
 Liming  118, 161
 Limiting factors  72, 100
 Lines  211
 Livestock  238, 289
 Livestock farming  245
 Liveweight  94, 110
 Liveweight gain  134, 162, 178, 189, 196, 206, 221, 271
 Liveweight gains  12, 17, 30, 67, 74, 125, 204, 238, 239, 250,    
       266, 279, 291
 Lolium  58, 147, 163, 258, 259, 306
 Lolium multiflorum  18, 55, 82, 124, 213, 230
 Lolium perenne  12, 13, 15, 17, 30, 44, 45, 51, 58, 75, 85,       
    94, 97, 98, 109, 118, 147, 152, 155, 187, 194, 214,          
 216, 227, 231, 240, 252, 263, 267, 270, 283, 284,           292,
 295, 305
 Lotononis bainesii  184
 Lotus  23
 Lotus corniculatus  22, 23, 24, 66, 83, 92, 114, 132, 164,
           181, 182, 183, 219, 285
 Lotus uliginosus  20
 Louisiana  37, 82, 94, 231
 Lowland areas  216
 Lupines  25
 Lupinus  87, 101
 Lupinus angustifolius  159, 239
 Lupinus luteus  195
 Macroptilium  211
 Macroptilium atropurpureum  121, 206, 218, 269
 Macroptilium lathyroides  211, 225
 Maine  208
 Maize silage  231
 Market planning  205
 Mathematical models  196, 243, 245
 Mating season  239
 Maturation period  148
 Maturity stage  131
 Meadows  116, 116
 Medicago  2, 153, 161, 264
 Medicago falcata  1, 249
 Medicago sativa  1, 3, 4, 7, 10, 34, 58, 61, 63, 64, 66, 84,      
     89, 90, 92, 124, 132, 134, 145, 147, 158, 160, 165,          
 166, 169, 170, 181, 197, 203, 204, 206, 218, 219,           222,
 223, 226, 230, 249, 253, 256, 257, 269, 271,           277, 278,
 291, 301, 303
 Medicago varia  78
 Mediterranean climate, 136
 Mediterranean Region  199
 Melilotus officinalis  41
 Meloidogyne javanica  107
 Metabolizable energy  197
 Michigan  143
 Microbial activities  227
 Milk production  42, 195
 Milk yield  205
 Mineral content  288
 Mineral supplements  221
 Minnesota  35, 64, 176
 Mississippi  28, 53, 168, 168, 168, 202, 233
 Missouri  105, 132, 281
 Mixed pastures  45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 62, 63, 66, 83, 89,       
    98, 106, 109, 132, 150, 152, 155, 160, 178, 190,
           193, 196, 200, 206, 218, 224, 225, 227, 252, 277,       
    278, 279, 293, 294, 298, 301, 306
 Mixtures  219, 288
 Models  205
 Molluscicides  214
 Monoculture  51, 178, 267
 Montana  95, 111, 111, 111, 307, 307, 307, 308, 308, 308
 Morphology  70
 Mortality  73
 Mountain grasslands  251
 Mowing  45, 59, 75, 90, 163, 188, 290
 Narrowleaf trefoil  285
 Natural grasslands  206
 Natural pastures  103, 241, 266
 Nebraska  116, 116
 Neonotonia wightii  218
 Nesting  90
 Net assimilation rate  187
 New Hampshire  10
 New Mexico  79, 79
 New South Wales  48, 49, 91, 99, 110, 113, 161, 166, 172, 195,    
       222, 223, 241, 254, 266
 New Zealand  62, 68, 72, 100, 137, 193, 198, 201, 214, 216,       
    236
 Nigeria  127, 289
 Nitrogen  183, 199, 221, 270, 283
 Nitrogen content  50, 51, 66, 83, 109, 265, 267, 301
 Nitrogen cycle  66, 198
 Nitrogen fertilizers  10, 17, 42, 44, 78, 85, 89, 92, 93, 98,     
      109, 118, 125, 134, 200, 206, 224, 236, 237, 238,          
 243, 245, 251, 252, 255, 267, 269, 279, 286, 292,           301
 Nitrogen fixation  66, 72, 118, 121, 183, 198, 200, 236, 245,     
      250, 263, 270, 283
 Nitrogen mineralization  227
 Nitrogen recovery  109, 252
 Nitrogen uptake  198, 227
 No-tillage  179, 202, 203, 231
 Nodes (plant)  70
 Nodulation  161
 North Dakota  170, 175, 277
 Northern ireland  12, 17, 50
 Northern Ireland  60, 60, 60
 Nova Scotia  46
 Nutrient availability  66
 Nutrient contents of plants  197, 304
 Nutrient deficiencies  296
 Nutrient improvement  125
 Nutrient removal by plants  270
 Nutrient requirements  72, 255
 Nutritional value  161
 Nutritive value  2, 10, 18, 20, 53, 54, 58, 173, 178, 189,
           195, 206, 221, 225, 265, 279, 291, 304
 Oat hay  282
 Oats  300
 Ohio  177, 275, 275
 Oklahoma  212
 Onobrychis viciifolia  178, 196
 Orchard grass  262
 Oregon  295
 Organic farming  156, 288
 Organic fertilizers  156
 Ornithopus  189
 Orthoptera  95
 Oversowing  86, 103, 225, 231
 Oxytetracycline  8
 Ozone  93
 Paddocks  39
 Palatability  53, 54
 Pangolagrass  299
 Panicum coloratum  106
 Panicum maximum  80, 89
 Panicum maximum var. trichoglume  218, 269
 Panicum virgatum  303
 Paraquat  106, 214
 Paspalum dilatatum  15, 97, 187, 213, 227
 Paspalum notatum  225, 231, 304
 Pastoralism  205
 Pasture composition  74, 110, 230
 Pasture ecology  105
 Pasture legumes  36, 91, 128, 129, 212
 Pasture management  13, 30, 39, 55, 59, 62, 68, 94, 100, 112,     
      118, 124, 127, 156, 163, 164, 165, 187, 190, 192,          
 198, 200, 203, 213, 216, 217, 219, 246, 263, 279,           281,
 294
 Pasture plants  143, 189, 211, 290
 Pasture soils  192
 Pastures  15, 16, 26, 29, 38, 39, 67, 68, 71, 72, 74, 97, 100,    
       110, 112, 117, 120, 121, 122, 137, 149, 154, 157,          
 161, 162, 171, 173, 174, 177, 183, 191, 198, 207,           208,
 209, 210, 215, 221, 222, 223, 229, 231, 232,           234, 236,
 237, 238, 239, 250, 258, 262, 271, 282,           283, 287, 292,
 297, 300, 307, 308
 Peatlands  115
 Pennisetum clandestinum  30, 195
 Perennials  91, 107, 112, 213, 224
 Performance testing  103, 187, 296
 Permanent grasslands  218
 Permanent pasture  151, 252, 268
 Permanent pastures  70, 217
 Persistence  7, 46, 59, 133, 147, 148, 155, 179, 184, 188,
 189, 206, 226, 261
 Pest control  214
 Phalaris aquatica  48, 172, 222, 223
 Phalaris arundinacea  58, 66, 147, 219, 303
 Phleum pratense  10, 12, 44, 92, 147
 Phomopsis  101
 Phosphates  99
 Phosphatic fertilizers  276
 Phosphorus  121, 221, 222, 223, 260
 Phosphorus fertilizers  78, 125, 221, 251, 255
 Photosynthesis  97
 Physico-chemical properties  87, 164
 Physico-chemical properties of soil  99, 149
 Plant breeding  114, 159, 189, 291, 296
 Plant colonization  137
 Plant communities  151
 Plant competition  47, 48, 49, 106, 137, 169, 179, 224, 267,      
     268
 Plant composition  303
 Plant density  49, 81, 106, 149, 256, 270, 298
 Plant development  81, 96
 Plant diseases  2, 113
 Plant establishment  48, 103, 175, 230, 256
 Plant height  13, 76, 284
 Plant interaction  270
 Plant introduction  172, 182
 Plant morphology  15, 33, 50, 201, 226
 Plant pests  113
 Plant production  44
 Plant water relations  15
 Plateaus  91
 Ploidy  58
 Plowing  106
 Poa pratensis  155, 162
 Poa trivialis  155
 Pods  146, 159
 Poisonous weeds  282
 Population density  95
 Population dynamics  149
 Populations  306
 Potassium  121
 Potassium fertilizers  118, 255
 Precision drilling  268
 Prediction  160, 196
 Prescribed burning  28
 Prince edward Island  46
 Problem analysis  113
 Production  284
 Production potential  260
 Productivity  45, 53, 85, 94, 97, 217, 237, 238, 239, 306
 Profitability  17, 94, 204, 241, 243, 245
 Profits  273
 Programming  245
 Programs  64, 94
 Pronghorn antelope  242, 242
 Propyzamide  74, 268
 Protein content  131, 195, 251, 260
 Psathyrostachys juncea  63
 Quality  64, 154, 197
 Queensland  33, 71, 89, 133, 149, 189, 206, 218, 255, 269
 Radioactive isotopes  283
 Radioactive tracers  227
 Rain  78, 80, 91, 269
 Rainy season  40
 Range management  52, 95, 125, 175, 204, 205, 235
 Range pastures  1, 108, 158, 278
 Range plants  65
 Rangelands  61, 256, 257
 Ratios  132
 Red earths  133
 Reflectance  271
 Regeneration  149, 175
 Regression analysis  270
 Regrowth  3, 7, 73, 76, 93, 98, 165, 226, 253
 Rehabilitation  256
 Remote sensing  271
 Replacement  246
 Reproductive ability  249
 Reproductive performance  204
 Research  159, 236, 237, 273
 Research projects  127, 180
 Residual effects  251
 Resistance  296
 Resowing  213
 Responses  99
 Responses to environment  70
 Returns  94
 Revegetation  246, 256
 Revegetation plants  256
 Rhizobium  2, 66, 93, 199, 200
 Rhizobium trifolii  283
 Rhizomes  277
 Rock phosphate  87
 Root systems  253
 Roots  61, 63, 257, 277
 Rotational grazing  8, 62, 145, 167, 178, 206, 218
 Rotations  156
 Rrangelands  169
 Rumen digestion  291
 Rumex obtusifolius  137
 Ruminants  291
 Rye as feed  259
 Sainfoin  9
 Saline soils  192
 Salt tolerance  192
 Sandy loam soils  161
 Sandy soils 87, 121, 189, 264
 Saskatchewan  78
 Savanna  289
 Scarification  41
 Scotland  44, 118, 263, 292
 Screening  148, 211, 261
 Screening tests  184
 Seasonal cropping  53
 Seasonal fluctuations  183, 221
 Seasonal variation  108, 200, 216, 263
 Secale cereale  55, 94, 231
 Seed collection  36
 Seed crops  2
 Seed dressings  222, 223
 Seed germination  41, 61, 164, 194, 257
 Seed inoculation  212, 250
 Seed longevity  153
 Seed mixtures  49
 Seed production  81, 138, 148, 260, 264, 298
 Seeding  6
 Seedling emergence  61, 137, 164, 222, 257
 Seedlings  48, 49, 91, 150, 179, 230
 Seeds 49, 146, 188, 228, 248, 249, 278, 298
 Selection criteria  158, 261, 306
 Selection pressure  226
 Selection responses  226
 Selective grazing  132
 Selectivity  132
 Selenium  14
 Semiarid climates p1
 Semiarid zones  61, 249, 277
 Senecio vulgaris  282
 Senescence  96
 Sesbania grandiflora  73, 80
 Sheep  11, 53, 54, 67, 74, 76, 91, 96, 110, 111, 118, 162,
           166, 176, 193, 196, 201, 220, 239, 246, 254, 264,       
    266, 279, 286, 298
 Sheep feeding  279
 Shoot pruning  226
 Shoots  70, 152
 Shrubs  108
 Silage  123, 134, 275, 275
 Silty soils  37
 Simazine  254
 Simulation  155
 Simulation analysis  96
 Simulation models  101, 165
 Size  298
 Slugs  214
 Sod sowing  82, 112, 202, 213
 Soil  207
 Soil acidity  72, 161
 Soil alkalinity  175
 Soil classification  99
 Soil drying  971
 Soil fertility  50, 87, 89, 221, 288
 Soil management  15
 Soil moisture  72, 257
 Soil ph  161
 Soil salinity  149, 175
 Soil temperature  72
 Soil testing  99
 Soil types  2, 69, 245
 Soil water content  89, 97, 187
 Soils  276, 276, 276, 302
 Solar radiation  187
 Solodic soils  211
 Sorghum bicolor  304
 South australia  187, 246
 South Carolina  258, 258, 258
 South Dakota  31
 South eastern states of U.S.A.  54
 Southeastern states of U.S.A.  52
 Sowing  41, 172, 194, 228, 277
 Sowing date  40
 Sowing methods  71, 91, 154, 173, 214, 223
 Sowing rates  131, 154, 244, 256
 Sown grasslands  49, 71, 106, 206, 218, 265, 269, 278, 288
 Sown pastures  2, 30, 59, 94, 179, 249, 252, 266
 Species  2, 33, 67, 68, 69, 133, 154, 207, 222, 238, 257
 Spectral data  271
 Sphaeralcea  278
 Sphaeralcea coccinea  278
 Spread  133, 188
 Spring  44, 75, 85, 98, 109, 240, 267
 Stand characteristics  7
 Stand density  269
 Stand establishment  71, 84, 179, 212, 225
 Statistical data  68, 217
 Steers  55, 67, 108, 132, 206, 225
 Stipa comata  277
 Stocking density  12
 Stocking rate  13, 67, 91, 100, 110, 124, 145, 198, 201, 204,     
      205, 206, 218, 225, 239, 279, 286
 Stolons  81, 96, 298
 Strains  264, 277
 Stress conditions  59, 179
 Stress response  253
 Strip cropping  150
 Stubble  101, 146, 239
 Stylosanthes  133, 272
 Stylosanthes guianensis  121
 Stylosanthes hamata  184
 Stylosanthes scabra  184
 Subterranean clover  274
 Subtropical crops  184
 Subtropical soils  218
 Subtropics  39, 71
 Sudan grass  275, 275
 Sulfur fertilizers  78, 125, 255, 273
 Sulphur content  276
 Sulphur fertilizers  119
 Summer  53, 149, 184
 Superphosphate  87, 206, 218, 241
 Supplementary feeding  167
 Survival  73, 80, 90, 103, 137, 220, 277, 278, 288
 Sustainability  71, 135
 Sward destruction  203
 Sward renovation  10, 14, 85, 86, 172, 193, 243
 Swaziland  250, 265
 Sweet clover  280
 Swine  300
 Switzerland  306
 Symbiosis  2, 93, 121, 183, 198, 199, 200
 Systems  94
 Tannins  114
 Tanzania  103
 Tasmania  75
 Techniques  179
 Temperate zones  59, 72, 198, 200
 Temperature  48, 78
 Temperatures  97
 Tennessee  38, 38, 88, 120, 120, 174, 232, 232, 234, 234
 Texas  106, 112, 128, 178, 190, 196, 260, 280, 293
 Tillering  219
 Timing  109, 268
 Toxic extracts  230
 Trampling  137
 Transplanting  169
 Trials  171
 Trifolium  40, 82, 87, 99, 161, 163, 192, 224, 296
 Trifolium alexandrinum  18
 Trifolium ambiguum  176, 182
 Trifolium fragiferum  40
 Trifolium hirtum  36, 153
 Trifolium hybridum  92
 Trifolium pratense  10, 66, 83, 109, 132, 137, 172, 183, 231,     
      281, 304
 Trifolium repens  8, 12, 13, 15, 17, 26, 30, 42, 44, 45, 46,      
     48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 62, 66, 70, 75, 76, 81, 83, 85,          
 86, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 109, 110, 118, 137, 150,
           151, 152, 155, 162, 166, 172, 183, 187, 194, 201,       
    213, 214, 216, 220, 227, 240, 243, 252, 255, 263,           266,
 267, 268, 270, 279, 283, 284, 286, 292, 295,           298, 305,
 306
 Trifolium resupinatum  18, 40
 Trifolium rueppellianum  40
 Trifolium semipilosum  184
 Trifolium subterraneum  2, 40, 48, 49, 113, 136, 137, 148,
           153, 188, 190, 202, 213, 241, 246, 254, 264, 273,       
    293
 Trifolium tembense  40
 Trifolium vesiculosum  55
 Triple superphosphate  273
 Triticum  231
 Triticum aestivum  131
 Tucumcari  79, 79
 U.S.A.  69, 114, 154, 179, 217, 238
 Uk  98
 United  Kingdom  51, 81, 85, 150, 252, 268, 279, 298
 Upland areas  150
 Urea fertilizers  44
 Urine  198
 Urochloa  133
 Uruguay  83, 183
 Uses  20
 Utah  169, 249, 278
 Utilization  69, 173
 Varietal effects  58, 150, 298
 Varietal reactions  18, 46, 192, 253, 261, 265
 Varietal susceptibility  226
 Varieties  32, 32, 51, 81, 101, 142, 142, 210, 210, 220, 298
 Variety trials  184, 265
 Vegetation management  214
 Vegetation types  154
 Veld  265
 Vertisols  218
 Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae  283
 Vetch  79, 233
 Vicia villosa  131
 Victoria  15, 97, 148, 239
 Vigna  211
 Vigna parkeri  184
 Virginia  41
 Voluntary intake  291
 Vulpia bromoides  254
 Vulpia myuros  254
 Wales  86, 270, 284, 288, 306
 Water composition and quality  175
 Water management  15
 Water uptake  257
 Water use  159
 Waterlogging  97
 Weaning weight  135, 273
 Weed competition  28, 137, 179
 Weed control  52, 95, 254, 282, 297
 Weeds  75, 132
 Weight 219
 Weight gain  167, 293, 294
 Western australia  11, 74, 87, 188, 245, 264
 Western states of U.S.A.  1
 Wet season  80, 108
 Wheat grass, Crested  56
 White clover  104, 104, 122
 Wild birds  90
 Wildlife  90
 Wind erosion  101, 256
 Winter  75, 152, 184, 189, 227
 Winter hardiness  189
 Wisconsin  84, 147
 Wood  73
 Wool production  67, 74, 110, 239, 266
 Wyoming  204, 256
 Yield  302, 307, 307, 308, 308
 Yield components  81, 146, 152, 298
 Yield correlations  270
 Yield increases  159, 245
 Yield losses  146, 188
 Yield response functions  44, 213, 292
 Yields  15, 37, 45, 50, 53, 87, 97, 118, 133, 164, 183, 204,      
     222, 223, 260, 263, 291, 296, 306
 Zea mays  231, 304
 Zimbabwe  229
 Zoning  67
 Zornia  184
 
 

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https://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/AFSIC_pubs/qb93-04.htm, November 1992

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