NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY ARCHIVED FILE
Archived files are provided for reference purposes only. This file was current when produced, but is no longer maintained and may now be outdated. Content may not appear in full or in its original format. All links external to the document have been deactivated. For additional information, see http://pubs.nal.usda.gov.

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture


Women in Agriculture
January 1985 - July 1992

 
 TITLE: Women in Agriculture
 AUTHOR:  JANE POTTER GATES
         ALTERNATIVE FARMING SYSTEMS INFORMATION CENTER
         National Agricultural Library
 PUBLICATION DATE: August 1992 
 SERIES:  QB 92-56
 NAL Call no.:   aZ5071.N3 no.92-56
 CONTACT:  Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
           National Agricultural Library
           Room 123, 10301 Baltimore Ave.
           Beltsville, MD  20705-2351
           Telephone:  (301) 504-6559
           http://afsic.nal.usda.gov


ISSN: 1052-5378 United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Library 10301 Baltimore Blvd. Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2351 Women in Agriculture January 1985 - July 1992 Quick Bibliography Series: QB 92-56 Updates QB 91-150 378 citations in English from AGRICOLA Jane Potter Gates Alternative Farming Systems Information Center August 1992 National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record: Gates, Jane Potter Women in agriculture. (Quick bibliography series ; 92-56) 1. Women in agriculture--Bibliography. I. Title. aZ5071.N3 no.92-56 About the Quick Bibliography Series Bibliographies in the Quick Bibliography Series of the National Agricultural Library, are intended primarily for current awareness, and as the title of the series implies, are not indepth exhaustive bibliographies on any given subject. However, the citations are a substantial resource for recent investigations on a given topic. They also serve the purpose of bringing the literature of agriculture to the interested user who, in many cases, could not access it by any other means. The bibliographies are derived from computerized on-line searches of the AGRICOLA data base. Timeliness of topic and evidence of extensive interest are the selection criteria. The author/searcher determines the purpose, length, and search strategy of the Quick Bibliography. Information regarding these is available upon request from the author/searcher. Copies of this bibliography may be made or used for distribution without prior approval. The inclusion or omission of a particular publication or citation may not be construed as endorsement or disapproval. Document Delivery Information: Read Request Library Materials, https://www.nal.usda.gov/nal-services/request-library-materials, to get directions for ordering publications through interlibrary loan. AGRICOLA Citations in this bibliography were entered in the AGRICOLA database between January 1979 and the present. Search AGRICOLA (http://agricola.nal.usda.gov) to update this Quick Bibliography. Use the search strategy and terms located below, plus the extensive AGRICOLA Help site to locate recent literature on your subject of interest. SAMPLE CITATIONS Citations in this bibliography are from the National Agricultural Library's AGRICOLA database. An explanation of sample journal article, book, and audiovisual citations appears below. JOURNAL ARTICLE: Article title. Author. Place of publication: Publisher. Journal Title. Date. Volume (Issue). Pages. (NAL Call Number). Example: Morrison, S.B. Denver, Colo.: American School Food Service Association. School foodservice journal. Sept 1987. v. 41 (8). p.48-50. ill. (NAL Call No.: DNAL 389.8.SCH6). BOOK: Title. Author. Place of publication: Publisher, date. Information on pagination, indices, or bibliographies. (NAL Call Number). Example: Exploring careers in dietetics and nutrition. Kane, June Kozak. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 1987. Includes index. xii, 133 p.: ill.; 22 cm. Bibliography: p. 126. (NAL Call No.: DNAL RM218.K36 1987). AUDIOVISUAL: Title. Author. Place of publication: Publisher, date. Supplemental information such as funding. Media format (i.e., videocassette): Description (sound, color, size). (NAL Call Number). Example: All aboard the nutri-train. Mayo, Cynthia. Richmond, Va.: Richmond Public Schools, 1981. NET funded. Activity packet prepared by Cynthia Mayo. 1 videocassette (30 min.): sd., col.; 3/4 in. + activity packet. (NAL Call No.: DNAL FNCTX364.A425 F&N AV). WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE SEARCH STRATEGY Line Command 1. WOM?N OR WIFE OR WIVES 2. S1/TI,DE 3. SF=FNC 4. S1 NOT S3 5. FARM/DE,TI OR FARMS/DE,TI OR FARMING/DE,TI OR AGRICULTUR?/DE,TI 6. S4 AND S5 7. S6/ENG 8. S7 AND UD=8501:9999 1 NAL Call. No.: S544.6.N5 1985 training for agriculture and rural development.. Training for agriculture and rural development Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Unesco, International Labour Organisation Rome : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,; 1986. vi, 116 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm. (FAO economic and social development series ; no. 38). Cover title: Training for agriculture and rural development. Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural extension work; Women in agriculture; Rural development; International cooperation; Agricultural education 2 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Accessibility and ownership of financial accounts by married U.S. farm women. Scholl, K.K. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1985 Dec. Home economics research journal v. 14 (2): p. 208-217; 1985 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Women; Marriage; Farms; Finance; Assets; Credit; Access; Private ownership 3 NAL Call. No.: 44.8 IN28 Adoption of feeding practices in dairy management by farm women of selected villages. Srivastava, P.L.; Promila New Delhi : Indian Dairy Association; 1985 Mar. The Indian journal of dairy science v. 38 (1): p. 59-61; 1985 Mar. Language: English Descriptors: India; Buffalo feeding; Farm management; Milk yield; Pregnancy; Rural women; Nutrition programs; Socioeconomic status 4 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Agrarian or non-agrarian identities of farm spouses. Moore, K.M. Bozeman, Mont. : Rural Sociological Society; 1989. Rural sociology v. 54 (1): p. 74-82; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Wisconsin; Farm families; Rural women; Farm surveys; Life style; Off-farm employment; Farm surveys; Discriminant analysis; Goals; Farmers' attitudes; Role perception 5 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A7 1986 Agricultural change, rural women, and organizations a policy dialogue : [proceedings of the APDC-ACWF International Seminar on "Agricultural Change and Rural Women," Beijing, China, 29 October-8 November 1986]. Asian and Pacific Development Centre, All-China Women's Federation APDC-ACWF International Seminar on Agricultural Change and Rural Women 1986 : Peking, China. Kuala Lumpur : Asian and Pacific Development Centre,; 1987. x, 134 p. ; 22 cm. "Organized by Asian and Pacific Development Center, All-China Women's Federation."--Cover p. 1. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Asia; Congresses; Women in agriculture; Pacific Area; Congresses; Agricultural innovations; Economic aspects; Asia; Congresses; Agricultural innovations; Economic aspects; Pacific Area; Congresses; Agriculture and state; Asia; Congresses; Agriculture and state; Pacific Area; Congresses 6 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 Agricultural development, the economic crisis, and rural women in the Dominican Republic. Mones, B.; Grant, L. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 35-50; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Dominican republic; Rural women; Agricultural development; Female labor; Woman's status 7 NAL Call. No.: S530.A4 Agricultural education: key to providing broader opportunities for Third World women in production agriculture. Lelle, M.A.; Holt, B.A. Carbondale, Ill. : The Association; 1987. The Journal of the American Association of Teacher Educators in Agriculture v. 28 (4): p. 32-39; 1987. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Agricultural education; Woman's status; Attitudes; Integration 8 NAL Call. No.: S544.5.A4S25 1990 Agricultural extension for women farmers in Africa. Saito, Katrine Anderson; Weidemann, Celia Jean Washington, D.C. : World Bank,; 1990. xv, 57 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (World Bank discussion papers, 103). Includes bibliographical references (p. 51-57). Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural extension work; Women farmers 9 NAL Call. No.: 100 M693Sp no.399 Agricultural policies of Guatemala implications for women in agriculture.. Implications for women in agriculture Warnken, Philip F. University of Missouri--Columbia, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Missouri--Columbia, Dept of Agricultural Economics, United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development Columbia : Mo. : University of Missouri-Columbia,; 1989. 71 p. ; 23 cm. (Special report (University of Missouri-- Columbia. Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 399.). Cover title. Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station Network, the Department of Agricultural Economics and International Agriculture Programs, College of Agriculture, University of Missouri-Columbia. Partially funded by the Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development, Washington, D.C. November 1989. Includes bibliographical references (p. 70-71). Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Guatemala; Agriculture; Guatemala 10 NAL Call. No.: 100 M693Sp no.400 Agricultural policies of Yemen implications for women in agriculture.. Implications for women in agriculture Warnken, Philip F.; Nicholson, Charles F. University of Missouri--Columbia, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Missouri--Columbia, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development Columbia : Mo. : University of Missouri-Columbia,; 1989. 95 p. ; 23 cm. (Special report (University of Missouri-- Columbia. Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 400.). Cover title. Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station Network, the Department of Agricultural Economics and International Agriculture Programs, College of Agriculture, University of Missouri-Columbia. Partially funded by the Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development, Washington, D.C. November 1989. Includes bibliographical references (p. 90-95). Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Yemen; Agriculture; Yemen 11 NAL Call. No.: HD2126.5.Z8S73 Agricultural policy implementation a case study from western Kenya. Staudt, Kathleen A. West Hartford, CT : Kumarian Press,; 1985. xvi, 68 p. : map ; 28 cm. (Women's roles & gender differences in development, cases for planners ; 3). Bibliography: p. 65-68. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agriculture and state; Kenya; Case studies; Women farmers; Kenya; Case studies; Sex discrimination against women; Kenya; Case studies 12 NAL Call. No.: HD1401.A47 Agriculture policy in tropical Africa: Is a turnaround possible?. Due, J.M. Amsterdam : Elsevier; 1986 Dec. Agricultural economics : the journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economics v. 1 (1): p. 19-34. maps; 1986 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Tropical Africa; Agricultural policy; Production policy; Food production; Government; Technology transfers; Rural women 13 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Agriculture, women, and land the African experience. Davison, Jean, Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press,; 1988. vii, 278 p. : maps ; 23 cm. (Westview special studies on Africa). Includes bibliographies and index. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Africa; Land use; Africa; Land tenure; Africa; Land reform; Africa 14 NAL Call. No.: TX1.J68 Appraisal of women's work. Singal, S.; Balakrishnan, R. Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1988 Mar. Journal of consumer studies and home economics v. 12 (1): p. 29-37; 1988 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Rural women; Farm families; Female labor; Housework 15 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Assessing the influence of farm women's self-identity on task allocation and decision making. Bokemeier, J.; Garkovich, L. Bozeman : Rural Sociological Society, Montana State University; 1987. Rural sociology v. 52 (1): p. 13-36; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Surveys; Decision making; Family life; Economic sociology; Self concept; Roles; Farm structure 16 NAL Call. No.: SF531.T73I58 1988 Beekeeping--an income generating cottage industry for rural women in Pakistan. Muzaffar, N. London : International Bee Research Association; 1989. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Cairo, Egypt, 6-10 November 1988 / hosted by the government of Egypt ; convened by the International Bee Research Association. p. 313-316; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pakistan; Beekeeping; Farm income; Investment; Rural women 17 NAL Call. No.: 275.8 AG8 Being the odd one in a profession. Hewitt, M.; Howell, D.L. Henry, Ill. : The Magazine; 1991 Feb. The Agricultural education magazine v. 63 (8): p. 19-20. ill; 1991 Feb. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Minorities; Agricultural sector; Agricultural education 18 NAL Call. No.: Z7963.E7B53 A Bibliography of women in agricultural development with special reference to the Third World. Swisher, Marilyn E., University of Florida, Women in Agricultural Development Program Gainesville, FL., USA : Women in Agricultural Development Program, Office of International Programs, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, [1990?]; 1990. 2 v. ; 28 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Women in rural development; Rural women 19 NAL Call. No.: RC963.A1A7 Birthweight of infants born to Hispanic women employed in agriculture. Fenster, L.; Coye, M.J. Washington, D.C. : Heldref Publications; 1990 Jan. Archives of environmental health v. 45 (1): p. 46-52; 1990 Jan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: California; Infants; Hispanics; Birth weight; Employed women; Rural women; Farm workers; Risks; Regression analysis 20 NAL Call. No.: HV1.H8 Blending work and family life on the farm. McGonigal, J.; Bruce, R. Ithaca, N.Y. : New York State College of Human Ecology, Cornell University; 1987. Human ecology forum v. 16 (4): p. 23-26. ill; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: New York; Farm income; Farm families; Family farming; Family size; Off-farm employment; Employed women; Household income; Family labor; Wages 21 NAL Call. No.: HQ1438.N57O88 Bonds of community the lives of farm women in nineteenth- century New York. Osterud, Nancy Grey, Ithaca : Cornell University Press,; 1991. ix, 303 p. : ill., map ; 25 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 289-295) and index. Language: English; English Descriptors: New York (State); Rural conditions; Rural women 22 NAL Call. No.: S544.6.B4 Bridging the gender gap in agricultural extension. Berger, Marguerite; Delancey, Virginia H.; Mellencamp, Amy United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development Washington, D.C. : International Center for Research on Women,; 1984. 74, [14] p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Prepared for the Office of Women in Development, U.S. Agency for International Development. September 1984. Bibliography: p. [79-88]. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Agricultural extension work 23 NAL Call. No.: aS21.D45B8 Building on the-- framework for change women in USDA. United States, Dept. of Agriculture, United States, Foreign Agricultural Service Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,; 1991. 13 p. : ports. ; 28 cm. Cover title. "March 1991"--P. [2] of cover. "The development of this publication was sponsored by the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) in support of Framework for Change"--P. [4] of cover. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture 24 NAL Call. No.: 280.8 J822 Can structural adjustment work for women farmers. Mehra, R. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1991 Dec. American journal of agricultural economics v. 73 (5): p. 1440-1455; 1991 Dec. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Agricultural Economics Association, August 4-7, 1991, Manhattan, Kansas. Discussions by D.E. Sahn and L. Haddad, p. 1448-1451 and U. Lele, p. 1452-1455. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Women; Farmers; Structural change; Economic impact; Development aid; Constraints; Agricultural production 25 NAL Call. No.: HD1401.A56 Career development of agricultural graduates: a gender comparison. Thomas, J.K.; Cotten, J.F.; Luedke, A.J. New York, N.Y. : John Wiley; 1991 Sep. Agribusiness v. 7 (5): p. 503-514; 1991 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Men; Women; Graduates; Agricultural education; Employment opportunities; Labor mobility; Career development 26 NAL Call. No.: 275.9 N213 Career perceptions of women faculty in colleges of agriculture. Cooper, B.E.; Henderson, J.L. Urbana, Ill. : National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture; 1989 Mar. NACTA journal v. 33 (1): p. 13-16; 1989 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural education; Women; Teachers; Career choice; Surveys 27 NAL Call. No.: aS625.7.U54 Careers that make a difference women in government.. Women in government United States. Soil Conservation Service Lakewood, Colo. : The Service,; 1991. 1 folded sheet (8 p.) : ill. ; 22 x 9 cm. Cover title. Fall 1991. Language: English Descriptors: Civil service 28 NAL Call. No.: 100 V59 no.355 Cash contribution to the family income made by Vermont farm homemakers. Johnson, Lillian H.; Muse, Marianne, Burlington : Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1933. 42 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station ; 355). Bibliography: p. 42. Language: English; English Descriptors: Farmers' wives; Employment; Vermont; Farmers' wives; Vermont; Economic conditions; Rural families; Vermont; Economic conditions 29 NAL Call. No.: HD1521.J6 Caste, class, and gender: production and reproduction in North India. Sharma, M. London : Frank Cass; 1985 Jul. The Journal of peasant studies v. 12 (4): p. 57-88; 1985 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Agricultural development; Rural women; Rural sociology; Woman's status; Social change; Social classes; Capitalism; Caste 30 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 The challenge of research on farm women. Elbert, S. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1981 Nov. The Rural sociologist v. 1 (6): p. 387-390; 1981 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Woman's status; Family farms 31 NAL Call. No.: QL461.A52 Challenges facing blacks in nontraditional fields. Hilliard-Clark, J. Lanham, Md. : Entomological Society of America; 1990. American entomologist v. 36 (3): p. 193-196; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North Carolina; U.S.A.; Agriculture; Forestry; Employment; Blacks; Minorities; Women 32 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Changing gender roles in Hungarian agriculture. Repassy, H. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 23-29; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Hungary; Men; Women; Female labor; Agricultural development; Role perception; Small farms; Division of labor; Land ownership; Large farms 33 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Changing gender roles in productionist and post-productionist capitalist agriculture. Symens, D. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 85-90; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Role perception; Agricultural production; Production policy; Capitalism; Agricultural development; Demography; Economic growth; Social values 34 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Changing labor patterns of women in rice farm households: a rainfed rice village, Iloilo Province, Philippines. Res, L. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 91-117; 1983. Includes 31 references. Language: English Descriptors: Philippines; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Family farms; Household surveys; Division of labor 35 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 The changing role of women in Japanese agriculture: the impact of new rice technology on women's employment. Kada, R.; Kada, Y. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 37-53; 1983. Includes 9 references. Language: English Descriptors: Japan; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Employed women; Technology 36 NAL Call. No.: DT365.A2J6 The changing role of women in the commercial history of Busia district in Kenya, 1900-1983. Ogutu, M.A. Nairobi : Faculty of Arts, University of Nairobi; 1985. Journal of Eastern African research and development v. 15: p. 74-90; 1985. Paper presented at an international conference on "Women and Development in Africa," Sept 24/28, 1984, Nairobi, Kenya. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Kenya; Commercial farming; Women; Beers; Brewing; Porridge; Entrepreneurship; Developmental history 37 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 The changing structure of female agricultural land ownership, 1946 and 1978. Geisler, C.C.; Waters, W.F.; Eadie, K.L. Lexington, Ky. : The University of Kentucky; 1985. Rural sociology v. 50 (1): p. 74-87; 1985. Includes 35 references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural land; Structural change; Women; Land ownership; Landowners; Small farms; Tenure systems Abstract: Extract: Comparisons between women and male and joint male/female farmland ownership are assessed for the United States in 1946 and 1978. Findings indicate that women's share of farmland, measured in terms of average acreage and percent of total U.S. farmland, has increased somewhat over 30 years despite the disproportionately large share retained by male and joint male/female owners in both time periods. This advance is not reflected in the per acre value comparisons between women and other owners, however. Tenure and mode of acquisition of the farmland differ with gender, probably due to the late age at which most women acquire land; women agricultural landowners are more apt to be landlords than owner operators or part-owner operators. The need for expanded research on women as owners of farmland is clarified. 38 NAL Call. No.: 100 C12CAG Characteristics of women in farming. Thompson, O.E.; Gwynn, D.; Sharp, C. Berkeley, Calif. : The Station; 1987 Jan. California agriculture - California Agricultural Experiment Station v. 41 (1/2): p. 16-17; 1987 Jan. Language: English Descriptors: California; Women; Farming; Family farms; Family labor; Female labor; Division of labor; Decision making; Surveys 39 NAL Call. No.: F636.W66 The checkered years a bonanza farm diary, 1884-88. Woodward, Mary Dodge,; Cowdrey, Mary Boynton, St. Paul : Minnesota Historical Society Press,; 1937, reprinted 1989. xxxvii, 265 p., [20] p. of plates : ill. ; 21 cm. (Borealis). Reprint. Originally published: Caldwell, Idaho : Caxton Printers, 1937. Language: English Descriptors: Woodward, Mary Dodge 1826-1890 Diaries; Frontier and pioneer life; North Dakota; Farm life; North Dakota; Farmers' wives; North Dakota; Diaries 40 NAL Call. No.: HQ1.J86 Church activism among farm couples: measuring the impact of the conjugal unit. Wilson, J.; Simpson, I.H.; Jackson, D.K. St. Paul, Minn. : National Council on Family Relations; 1987 Nov. Journal of marriage and the family v. 49 (4): p. 875-882; 1987 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North Carolina; Farm families; Churches; Religion; Social participation; Men; Women; Sex differences 41 NAL Call. No.: 100 Ok4 (1) no.169 Church activities of farm women and their families from the viewpoint of the part the farm women play in establishing the economic status of their families by their standards of management as found in five selected localities in Oklahoma. Fernandes, Grace Stillwater, Okla. : Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, Agricultural Experiment Station, [1927?]; 1927. 14 p. ; 22 cm. (Station bulletin / Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 169). Cover title. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English; English Descriptors: Farmers' wives; Oklahoma; Church membership; Oklahoma; Rural churches; Social aspects; Oklahoma 42 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 Colombian agricultural policies and the debate on policies toward rural women. Leon, M. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 84-104; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Colombia; Rural women; Agricultural policy; Agrarian reform; Patriarchy; Woman's status 43 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 A commentary on research on American farmwomen. Ross, P.J. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (1): p. 19-30; 1985. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Farming; Productivity; Farm families; History 44 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 A comparison of rural women's time use and nutritional consequences in two villages in Malawi. Engberg, L.E.; Sabry, J.H.; Beckerson, S.A. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 99-110; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Malawi; Rural women; Time allocation; Female labor; Housework; Subsistence farming; Nutritional state 45 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 K4152 The consequences of family labor statuses for farm production. Coughenour, C.M.; Swanson, L. Lexington, Ky. : The Station; 1982 Aug. RS - University of Kentucky, Agricultural Experiment Station (71): 36 p.; 1982 Aug. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm families; Family labor; Off-farm employment; Employed women 46 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R47 Consumption patterns, hardship, and stress among farm households. Lobao, L.M.; Meyer, K. Greenwich, Conn. : JAI Press; 1991. Research in rural sociology and development v. 5: p. 191-209; 1991. In the series analytic: Household strategies / edited by D.C. Clay and H.K. Schwarzweller. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ohio; Men; Women; Farm families; Agricultural households; Household consumption; Mental stress; Agricultural crises; Economic depression 47 NAL Call. No.: 100 N27 (4) no.258 The contribution of Nebraska farm women to farm income through poultry and dairy products. Clark, Marjorie Ruth, Lincoln : University of Nebraska, College of Agriculture, Experiment Station,; 1931. 32 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. (Bulletin (University of Nebraska (Lincoln campus). Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 258.). "Department of Home Economics"--Cover. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Nebraska; Poultry industry; Nebraska; Dairying; Nebraska 48 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 The contribution of women to agriculture in Taiwan. Gleason, J.E. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 237-251; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Language: English Descriptors: Taiwan; Rural women; Farming systems; Female labor; Family farming; Off-farm employment; Division of labor 49 NAL Call. No.: S521.5.W6F3 Country woman. Greendale, WI : Farm Wife, Inc., c1987-; 1987-9999. Country woman. Title from cover. Language: English; English Descriptors: Rural women; Periodicals; Farmer's wives; Periodicals; Farm life; Periodicals; Home economics, Rural; Periodicals 50 NAL Call. No.: 30.98 AG8 Crossing ethnic barriers in the southwest: women's agricultural extension education, 1914-1940. Jensen, J.M. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press; 1986. Agricultural history v. 60 (2): p. 169-181; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: New Mexico; Extension education; Agriculture; Women; Hispanics; Rural areas 51 NAL Call. No.: aTX360.U6C73 CSFII, Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 1985.. Nationwide food consumption survey Continuing survey of food intakes by individuals Women 19-50 years and their children 1-5 years, 1 day Low-income women 19-50 years and their children 1-5 years, 1 day Men 19-50 years, 1 day United States, Dept. of Agriculture, Nutrition Monitoring Division Hyattsville, Md. : The Division, [1985- ]; 1985-9999. 5 v. ; 22 x 28 cm. Cover title. Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Food consumption; United States; Statistics; Nutrition surveys; United States; Statistics 52 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292C171 Curriculum planning with an emphasis on women and agricultural households a technical paper prepared for the University Center of Dschang and USAID Agricultural Education Project, Dschang, Cameroon, and International Programs, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. Smith, Suzanna; Taylor, Barbara University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, International Programs Gainesville, Fla. : Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida,; 1989. 43, [17] leaves ; 28 cm. August 21, 1989. Includes bibliographical references (p. 41-42). Language: English Descriptors: Education; Developing countries; Agricultural education; Cameroon; Women in agriculture; Cameroon 53 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292C17 Curriculum planning with an emphasis on women and agricultural households shortcourse on the curriculum development process for faculty at the University Center of Dschang. Taylor, Barbara; Smith, Suzanna University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Gainesville : Fla. : Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,; 1989. 1 v. (various pagings) : ill. ; 30 cm. July 1989. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Education; Developing countries; Agricultural education; Cameroon; Congresses; Women in agriculture; Cameroon; Congresses 54 NAL Call. No.: 30.98 AG82 Dairywomen and affectionate wives: women in the Irish dairy industry, 1890-1914. Bourke, J. Berkshire : British Agricultural History Society; 1990. The Agricultural history review v. 38 (pt.2): p. 149-164; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Irish republic; Dairy farming; Dairy industry; Buttermaking; Employment opportunities; Farm workers; History; Housewives; Milkers; Rural women 55 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Declining employment for the labor-increasing involvement by land owning women. Saradamoni, K. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 373-383; 1983. Includes 6 references. Language: English Descriptors: Rice; Farming; Production; Yields; Rural women; Landowners; Employment; Earned income 56 NAL Call. No.: 24 R34 Delineation of areas of decision making by farm women in Chitomborwizi and Vuti small scale commercial areas of Mashonaland West Province of Zimbabwe. Mungate, D. Salisbury : Ministry of Agriculture; 1985 Mar. Zimbabwe agricultural journal v. 82 (2): p. 47-51; 1985 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Zimbabwe; Farm families; Rural women; Decision making; Rural development; Extension activities 57 NAL Call. No.: TX341.F63 'Demand side' technology: an agricultural strategy based on small-farm needs. Arulpragasam, L.C. Rome : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 1985 Nov. Ceres v. 18 (6): p. 27-35. ill; 1985 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Small farms; Farm development; Farming systems; Technical progress; Research policy; Energy requirements; Cultural policy; Woman's status; Social structure; Rural development 58 NAL Call. No.: S544.A35 Designing agricultural extension for women farmers in developing countries. Weidemann, C.J. London : Croom Helm; 1987. Agricultural extension worldwide : issues, practices, and emerging priorities / edited by W.M. Rivera and Susan G. Schram. p. 175-198; 1987. (Internatinal perspectives on adult and continuing education). Papers presented at the Center for International Extension Development at the University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Rural women; Farmers; Extension; Development projects; Female labor; Woman's status 59 NAL Call. No.: S599.5.K42S5 Detailed soil survey of the Nyandusi Women Group Farm (Bondo Division, Siaya District). Rachilo, J. R.; Wanjohi, J. K. Nairobi? : Republic of Kenya, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, National Agricultural Laboratories, Kenya Soil Survey,; 1986. ii, 33 p. : map ; 29 cm. (Detailed soil survey report ; no. D34). One folded map inserted. Bibliography p. 23. Language: English Descriptors: Soil surveys; Kenya; Siaya District; Soils; Kenya; Siaya District 60 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 A diagnostic survey of female-headed household in the Central Province of Zambia. Hudgens, R.E. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 373-387; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Zambia; Farm families; Rural women; Farm inputs; Farm income; Extension activities 61 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Does the T & V system reach female-headed families? Some evidence from Tanzania. Due, J.M.; Mollel, N.; Malone, V. Barking, Essex : Elsevier Applied Science; 1987. Agricultural administration and extension v. 26 (4): p. 209-217; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Tanzania; Extension; Extension activities; Small farms; Rural women; Families; Information dissemination; Agricultural development; Crop production 62 NAL Call. No.: HD6052.W5 Domestic work: its implication for enumeration of workers. Jain, D.; Shethi, M.C. Calcutta : Indian Statistical Institute; 1985. Women, work, and society / edited by K. Saradamoni. p. 350-365; 1985. Paper presented at the Indian Statistical Institute Golden Jubilee International Symposium on Women, Work, and Society, 1982, New Delhi, India. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rajasthan; West bengal; Woman's status; Employed women; Villages; Agricultural households; Housework 63 NAL Call. No.: 100 L935 An economic analysis of the impact associated with the employment of farm women in the farm labor force. Broussard, K.A.; Heagler, A.M. Baton Rouge, La. : The Station; 1986 Apr. D.A.E. research report - Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Louisiana State University, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station (650): 56 p.; 1986 Apr. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Louisiana; Farm workers; Women; Female labor; Demography; Employment; Economic analysis 64 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Economic status and women's participation in agriculture: a Botswana case study. Fortmann, L. Lexington, Ky. : The University of Kentucky; 1984. Rural sociology v. 49 (3): p. 452-464; 1984. Includes 53 references. Language: English Descriptors: Botswana; Rural women; Economic situation; Economic development; Heads of families; Status; Agricultural manpower; Agricultural households; Agricultural production; Land ownership; Labor; Ploughing in lands Abstract: Extract: Data from 358 households in 12 sites representative of climatic, geographical, and agricultural variations in the eastern communal areas of Botswana show that differences in the agricultural practices and extension contact of male- and female-headed households largely disappear when economic stratum is controlled. Female-headed households are shown not to be a homogeneous group. There appear to be greater similarities between farmers within the same economic stratum regardless of gender than between farmers of the same gender in different strata. 65 NAL Call. No.: HQ1.J44 Economic systems and rates of polygyny. Lee, G.R.; Whitbeck, L.B. Alberta : The Journal; 1990. Journal of comparative family studies v. 21 (1): p. 13-24; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Roles; Female labor; Polygyny; Family labor; Labor requirements; Labor productivity; Division of labor; Subsistence farming; Economic systems; Cultural influences; Ethnography; Statistical analysis; Traditional society 66 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R47 Economy and household: The gender-based division of labor on Quebec farms. Shaver, F.M.; Reimer, B. Greenwich, Conn. : JAI Press; 1991. Research in rural sociology and development v. 5: p. 131-147; 1991. In the series analytic: Household strategies / edited by D.C. Clay and H.K. Schwarzweller. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Quebec; Women; Family farms; Division of labor; Modernization; Off-farm employment; Community involvement; Capitalist agriculture; Agricultural households 67 NAL Call. No.: 30.98 AG8 Education and change in the lives of Iowa farm women, 1900-1940. Schwieder, D. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press; 1986. Agricultural history v. 60 (2): p. 200-215; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Iowa; Rural women; Agricultural education; Rural sociology; Social change 68 NAL Call. No.: 100 Ok4 (1) no.182 Educational factors influencing the activities of farm home-makers. Fernandes, Grace Stillwater, Okla. : Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1928. 14 p. ; 22 cm. (Bulletin / Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 182). Cover title. Language: English; English Descriptors: Farmers' wives; Education; Oklahoma 69 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 The effects of metropolitan residence on the off-farm earnings of farm families in the United States. LeClere, F.B. Bozeman, Mont. : Rural Sociological Society; 1991. Rural sociology v. 56 (3): p. 366-390; 1991. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Men; Women; Farm families; Non-farm income; Off-farm employment; Urbanization; Labor market; Participation; Earned income; Household surveys Abstract: Previous research on the effects of urbanization on farming and farm families has focused on the consequences of urban expansion on farming practice rather than on the well-being of farm families. Proximity to urban areas has been found to alter the way farm families utilize the nonfarm labor market. in this study, the-off-farm earnings of husbands and wives in farm families are compared across metropolitan (metro) and nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) areas using data from the March supplement to the 1989 Current Population Survey. Censored regression models (tobit) and decomposition are used to demonstrate the effects of nonfarm labor market differences on off-farm labor force participation and earnings. The analysis reveals that farm family members, as expected, have significantly higher rates of participation and earnings in metropolitan areas. But this analysis also reveals that increases in off-farm participation are likely to have a larger effect on total off-farm earnings in nonmetropolitan areas than returns to those already working off-farm. The potential for increases in off-farm earnings will be underestimated in nonmetro areas when changes in participation in the off-farm labor market are not taken into account. 70 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 P942 Egg money: farm women, market agriculture and extension agents in rural Tennessee, 1890-1929. Keith, J. Tuskegee, Ala. : Tuskegee University; 1989. Proceedings of the ... Annual Professional Agricultural Workers Conference (47th): p. 91-96; 1989. In the series analytic: Outreach to the Rural Disadvantaged: issues and strategies for the 21st century / edited by N. Baharanyi, R. Zabawa, W. Hill. Meeting held December 3-5, 1989, Tuskegee, Alabama. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Tennessee; Women; Extension agents; Farm families; Role perception; Agricultural regions; Household income; Markets 71 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Employment decisions of farm couples: full-time or part-time farming?. Wozniak, P.J.; Scholl, K.K. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1988 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 17 (1): p. 20-35; 1988 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; South eastern states of U.S.A.; Farm families; Off-farm employment; Full time farming; Part time farming; Employed women; Decision making; Family structure Abstract: Off-farm employment decisions of farm couples are analyzed with 1985 data from the S-191 regional research project. The employment of one farm spouse is positively related to the off-farm employment of the other spouse. Wives' off- farm employment is most closely related to their personal characteristics, whereas husbands' decisions are best predicted by a combination of farm, family, and personal characteristics. These results were consistent regardless of whether husbands and wives were studied separately or jointly with canonical discriminant function analyses. Part-time farms are more likely to have the wife employed off the farm, thereby making the husband responsible for the daily operation of the farm. Wives on part-time farms seem to substitute on the farm for their employed husbands, but husbands do not substitute as well for their employed wives. Wives simply add to their responsibilities rather than shifting them to others in the farm family. 72 NAL Call. No.: 275.28 J82 Empowering women through agricultural extension: a global perspective. Rivera, W.M.; Corning, S.L. Madison, Wis. : Extension Journal; 1990. Journal of extension v. 28: p. 26-27; 1990. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Employed women; Agribusiness; Extension; Roles; Programs; Support systems; Literature reviews 73 NAL Call. No.: HT401.S72 Entrepreneurship as a strategy for dealing with farm stress. Downen, M.L.; Bernier, R.E.; Wolf, R.L. Mississippi State, Miss. : The Center; 1987 Feb. SRDC series - Southern Rural Development Center (97): p. 73-76; 1987 Feb. Paper presented at the "National Rural Entrepreneurship Symposium," February 10-12, 1987, Knoxville, Tennessee. Language: English Descriptors: Tennessee; Nebraska; Entrepreneurship; Case studies; Farm indebtedness; Mental stress; Farmers' attitudes; State government; Program development; Farm families; Rural communities; Community development; Rural women; Employed women; Trends; Computer software; Extension activities 74 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292I46 Experiment of Working Women's Forum (India) alternative employment options for Indian rural women.. Alternative employment options for Indian rural women Arunachalam, Jaya Working Women's Forum (Tamil Nadu, India) Women in Rice Farming Systems 1983 : International Rice Research Institute. Mylapore, Madras, India : Working Women's Forum (India), [1983?]; 1983. 55, 16, iv leaves ; 33 cm. At head of title: Women in Rice Farming, The International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines, September 26-30th 1983. "Draft for discussion purposes only."--Cover. Language: English Descriptors: Women agricultural laborers; India; Rural women; India; Social conditions; Rural women; Employment; India 75 NAL Call. No.: 100 OH3S (2) no.890 Extension contact of Ohio farm housewives. Rogers, Everett M.; Havens, A. Eugene Wooster, Ohio : Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1961. 18 p. ; 23 cm. (Research bulletin / Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station ; 890). Cover title. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural extension work; Ohio; Farmers' wives; Ohio 76 NAL Call. No.: HV85.H85 The extent of off-farm employment and its impact on farm women. Danes, S.M.; Keskinen, S.M. Knoxville, Tenn. : School of Social Work, University of Tennessee; 1990. Human services in the rural environment v. 14 (1): p. 10-14; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Employed women; Farm families; Off-farm employment; Non-farm income; Decision making; Economic impact; Basic needs; Child care 77 NAL Call. No.: HN79.A13R87 Factors associated with women's attitudes toward farming. Garkovich, L.E.; Bokemeier, J.L. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. The Rural South in crisis : challenges for the future / edited by Lionel J. Beaulieu. p. 120-140; 1988. (Rural studies series). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Women; Agricultural households; Farm structure; Farmers' attitudes; Work satisfaction; Life style; Quality of life; Rural environment; Family structure 78 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Factors guiding research on farm women. Murray, M.E. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1981 Nov. The Rural sociologist v. 1 (6): p. 391-393; 1981 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Family farms; Research 79 NAL Call. No.: DS779.16.C42 The family and economic change. Parish, W.L. Jr Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1984. China, the 80s era / edited by Norton Ginsburg and Bernard A. Lalor. p. 222-242; 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: China; Farm families; Family life; Woman's status; Parent child relationships; Marriage; Birth control; Centrally planned economies; Social change 80 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 The family and the farm system: some thoughts on collaborative research. Axinn, N.W. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1984 Jul. The Rural sociologist v. 4 (4): p. 278-282; 1984 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Farming systems; Farm families; Woman's status; Division of labor 81 NAL Call. No.: 100 Io9 no.528 Family decision-making and role patterns among Iowa farm and nonfarm families.. Family decision making and role patterns among Iowa farm and nonfarm families Burchinal, Lee G.; Bauder, Ward W. Ames, Iowa : Agricultural and Home Economics Experiment Station, Iowa State University of Science and Technology,; 1964. p. 160-171 ; 28 cm. (Research bulletin ; 528). Includes bibliographical references. Language: English; English Descriptors: Family; Iowa; Decision-making; Husband and wife; Iowa; Decision-making 82 NAL Call. No.: 389.8 F7382 Family labor allocation in the agricultural household. Yotopoulos, P.A.; Mergos, G.J. Stanford : Food Research Institute, Stanford University; 1986. Food Research Institute studies v. 20 (1): p. 87-103; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Philippines; Family farming; Family labor; Men; Women; Children; Models 83 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 F22 Family realities in the 21st century: policy options and directions. Meszaros, P.S. Oak Brook, Ill. : Farm Foundation; 1989. Increasing understanding of public problems and policies. p. 41-49; 1989. Paper presented at the 39th National Public Policy Education Conference, September 18-21, 1989, New Orleans, Louisiana. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; U.S.A.; Child care; Farm families; Off-farm employment; Rural women; Government; Social policy; Rural development 84 NAL Call. No.: T14.5.T4417 Farm family and the role of women. Haney, W.G. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1983. Technology and social change in rural areas : a festschrift for Eugene A. Wilkening / edited by Gene F. Summers. p. 179-193; 1983. (Rural studies series). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm families; Rural women; Roles; Agricultural structure; Structural change; Agricultural production; Agricultural policy; Innovation adoption 85 NAL Call. No.: 30.98 AG8 Farm females, fitness, and the ideology of physical health in Antebellum New England. Borish, L.J. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press; 1990. Agricultural history v. 64 (3): p. 17-30; 1990. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Fitness; Health; History; Ideology; Physical activity; Sport; Work; Literature reviews 86 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Farm household-economics and the design and impact of biological research in Southern Africa. Low, A. Barking, Essex : Elsevier Applied Science; 1988. Agricultural administration and extension v. 29 (1): p. 23-34; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Southern Africa; Farm families; Agricultural households; Home economics; Land use; Off-farm employment; Agricultural research; Rural sociology; Rural women; Technology transfers; Rural urban migration 87 NAL Call. No.: HC59.7.A1W6 Farm households in rural Burkina Faso: some evidence on allocative and direct return to schooling, and male-female labor productivity differentials. Ram, R.; Singh, R.D. Oxford : Pergamon Press; 1988 Mar. World development v. 16 (3): p. 419-424; 1988 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Upper volta; Rural areas; Agricultural households; Labor productivity; Educational attendance; Traditional farming; Employed women; Sex differences 88 NAL Call. No.: 100 W27E no.490 Farm marriage preferences of college women. Cushing, Hazel Morton, Pullman, Wash. : State College of Washington, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1947. 27 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / State College of Washington. Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 490). Cover title. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Women; Attitudes; Marriage 89 NAL Call. No.: 6 F2212 Farm or career? You can have both. Foote, B. Philadelphia, Pa. : The Journal; 1988 Sep. Farm journal. p. 40-41. ill; 1988 Sep. Language: English Descriptors: Kentucky; Rural women; Farming; Farm income; Off-farm employment; Non-farm income; Part time employment; Career development; Time management; Family life; Trends 90 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Farm size and the role of farm women. Sharp, C.; Gwynn, D.; Thompson, O.E. University Park, Pa. : Rural Sociological Society; 1986 Jul. The Rural sociologist v. 6 (4): p. 259-264; 1986 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: California; Rural women; Roles; Female labor; Farm surveys; Farm size; Decision making; Farm management 91 NAL Call. No.: F499.B4G43 1990 Farm wife a self-portrait, 1886-1896., 1st ed.. Gebby, Margaret Dow; McCormick, Virginia E. Ames : Iowa State University Press,; 1990. ix, 243 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 211-233) and index. Language: English Descriptors: Bellefontaine Region (Ohio); Social life and customs; Bellefontaine Region (Ohio); Biography; Gebby, Margaret Dow Diaries; Farm life; Farmers' wives 92 NAL Call. No.: aTX326.A1U5 Farm wife's external employment, family economic productivity and family functioning. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1990 May. Family economics review - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service v. 3 (2): p. 23; 1990 May. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Family labor; Off-farm employment; Labor productivity; Economic impact; Research projects; Family environment 93 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Farm wives' labor force participation and earnings. Godwin, D.D.; Marlowe, J. Bozeman, Mont. : Rural Sociological Society; 1990. Rural sociology v. 55 (1): p. 25-43; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alabama; Illinois; Kentucky; Louisiana; Nebraska; North Carolina; Virginia; Rural women; Employed women; Earned income; Off-farm employment; Mathematical models; Labor market; Participation Abstract: The decisions of farm wives to work off the farm and the earnings they make in that off-farm employment should be considered simultaneously. Previous studies of wives' off-farm earnings have included only employed wives in their analyses of the factors affecting earnings, which results in biased estimates. This study tests, via Tobit analysis, a model which includes all farm wives and examines the effects of wives' human capital, farm and family constraints, and labor market characteristics on both their off-farm employment decisions and their earnings. Wives' off-farm earnings are found to be related to wives' education, labor market experience, presence of children, other family income, farm size, and debt/income ratio. Changes in these factors have a greater influence on the labor market participation decisions of farm wives than on the variation in their earnings, once employed. 94 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Farm wives' perferences, time allocation, and off-farm employment status. Godwin, D.D. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1988 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 17 (1): p. 110-124; 1988 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; South eastern states of U.S.A.; Off-farm employment; Employed women; Task analysis; Time allocation; Housework; Working hours; Role conflicts Abstract: Farm wives' preferences for use of time in household and farm tasks, their actual time in these tasks, and their external employment status were investigated with a sample of farm wives from seven states. Most wives preferred to spend about the same amount of time they were actually spending in each of the 17 tasks. Not all who had other preferences desired to decrease their time in such tasks; many farm wives preferred to spend more time in tasks such as house care, household management, and gardening. Wives' off-farm employment status was significantly related to their feelings about time in selected household and farm tasks. Generally, higher proportions of employed wives wanted to increase their time in meal preparation; house care; yard, car, and pet care; clothing care and construction; field work; caring for livestock; and running farm errands. The actual amount of time women spent at these tasks and their hours of employment time were only sporadically related to their feelings about their use of time. 95 NAL Call. No.: S541.5.W6F3 Farm woman. Greendale, WI : Farm Wife News, Inc., 1985-; 198?-9999. Farm woman. Title from cover. Language: English; English Descriptors: Farmers' wives; Periodicals; Rural women; Periodicals 96 NAL Call. No.: S521.5.W6F3 Farm woman news. Greendale : WI : Farm Woman News, Inc., c1985-; 1985-9999. Farm woman news. v. : ill. ; 28 cm; 1985-9999. Title from cover. Language: English; English Descriptors: Farm life--United States--Periodicals; Women farmers--United States--Periodicals 97 NAL Call. No.: 1 Ag84D no.148 The farm woman's problems. Ward, Florence E. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,; 1920. 24 p. : ill., 1 map ; 23 cm. (Department circular / United States Department of Agriculture ; 148). Contribution from the States Relations Service. At head of title: Cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics. Language: English; English Descriptors: Farmers' wives; United States 98 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Farm women and work. Sander, W. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1986 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 15 (1): p. 14-20; 1986 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Employed women; Household income; Farm income; Off-farm employment; Income distribution 99 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Farm women: challenge to scholarship. Hill, F. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1981 Nov. The Rural sociologist v. 1 (6): p. 370-382; 1981 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Farmers; Farm families; Farm management; Off-farm employment; Woman's status 100 NAL Call. No.: 100 M69Mr no.140 Farm women contribution to farm and family. Salant, Priscilla United States, Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Economic Development Division, Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Department of Agricultural Economics Mississippi State, Miss. : Economic Development Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture in cooperation with Mississippi Agricultural and Foresty Experiment Station, Department of Agricultural Economics; 1983. 36 leaves : map ; 28 cm.. (Agricultural economics research report ; no. 140). Spiral spine. March 1983. Bibliography: leaves 32-33. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women--Employment--Mississippi; Women-- Employment--Tennessee; Women in agriculture--Mississippi-- Supply and demand; Women in agriculture--Tennessee 101 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Farm women, farming systems, and agricultural structure: suggestions for scholarship. Flora, C.B. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1981 Nov. The Rural sociologist v. 1 (6): p. 383-386; 1981 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Farming systems; Woman's status; Class conflict 102 NAL Call. No.: 281.29 SO12 Farm women in Europe: their need for off farm employment. Gasson, R. Assen : Van Gorcum; 1984. Sociologia ruralis v. 24 (3/4): p. 216-228; 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Europe; Rural women; Off-farm employment 103 NAL Call. No.: 30.98 AG8 Farm women in the Third Reich. Lovin, C.R. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press; 1986. Agricultural history v. 60 (3): p. 105-123; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: German federal republic; German democratic republic; Rural women; Agricultural policy; Social change; Social structure; Law 104 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292U57 Farm women work, farm, and family in the United States. Rosenfeld, Rachel A. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press; 1985. xiii, 354 p. ; 24 cm.. (Institute for Research in Social Science monograph series). Includes index. Bibliography: p. [321]-343. Language: English Descriptors: United States--Rural conditions; Women in agriculture--United States--Case studies; Farmers' wives-- Employment--United States--Case studies; Rural women--United States--Case studies 105 NAL Call. No.: HD1535.S38F37 Farm worker's incomes in 1843. Levitt, I.; Smout, C. Edinburgh : J. Donald; 1984. Farm servants and labour in lowland Scotland, 1770-1914 / edited by T.M. Devine. p. 156-187. maps; 1984. Includes 35 references. Language: English Descriptors: Scotland; Farm workers; Wages; Earned income; Rural women; Child labor; Female labor; History 106 NAL Call. No.: HD8039.F32U55 Farming in open country, Iowa: Women and the changing farm economy. Fink, D. Ithaca : Cornell University Press; 1987. Farm work and fieldwork : American agriculture in anthropological perspective / edited by Michael Chibnik. p. 121-144; 1987. (Anthropology of contemporary issues). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Iowa; Rural women; Family farming; Woman's status; Rural economy; Structural change; Household income; Division of labor 107 NAL Call. No.: 100 Io9 no.P82 Farming today for young men and women. Howell, Herbert B.; Heady, Earl Orel,_1916-; Bodensteiner, L. J. Ames, Iowa : Agricultural Experiment Station, Agricultural Extension Service, Iowa State College,; 1946. p. 706-731 : ill., charts, map ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station ; P82). Cover title. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture; Vocational guidance 108 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292G78 Farming women gender, work, and family enterprise. Whatmore, Sarah Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan Academic and Professional,; 1991. xiii, 189 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Includes bib liographical references (p. 168-183) and index. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women agricultural laborers; Women in agriculture 109 NAL Call. No.: aHD256.K85 Farmland ownership and renting in the United States, 1987. Kula, Olaf; Rogers, Denise M. United States, Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Resources and Technology Division Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Resources and Technology Division,; 1991. iv, 12 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (ERS staff report ; no. AGES 9130.). Cover title. "June 1991"--P. iii. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Land tenure; Farm ownership; Women in agriculture; Afro-Americans 110 NAL Call. No.: aHT392.A55 Farmwomen's contributions to agriculture and the rural economy. Whitener, L.; Sachs, C.; Ross, P.J.; Kalbacher, J.Z.; Salant, P. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1985 Feb. Rural development perspectives - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service v. 1 (2): p. 20-26; 1985 Feb. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Rural economy; Rural population; Female labor; Agricultural production; Roles; Part time farming 111 NAL Call. No.: aTX326.A1U5 Female farm landlords, 1979. Scholl, K.K. Hyattsville : The Service; 1985. Family economics review - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (3): p. 8-11; 1985. Includes 8 references. Language: English Descriptors: Female labor; Rural women; Landowners; Farm size 112 NAL Call. No.: aHD1401.A2U52 Female farmers gain more than a foothold. Martinez, D. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1985 May. Farmline - United States Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service v. 6 (5): p. 17; 1985 May. Language: English Descriptors: Female labor; Rural women; Small farms; Farmers; Livestock enterprises; Operators 113 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292I4 Female labour in agriculture a case of Punjab. Sethi, Raj Mohini, Chandigarh : Dept. of Sociology, Panjab University,; 1982. xvi, 156 p. : map ; 23 cm. (Occasional monograph series (Panjab University. Dept. of Sociology) ; 4.). Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Women agricultural laborers; India; Punjab 114 NAL Call. No.: HC435.2.R48 1985 Female participation in work--demographic, developmental and social dimensions. Grover, D.; Krishnappa New Delhi : Ashish Pub. House; 1985. Regional structure of development & growth in India / edited by G.P. Mishra and A. Joshi. v. 1 p. 421-440; 1985. Paper presented at a seminar on "Development and Inter-Regional Disparities in India," Mar 19/21, 1985, Lucknow, India. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Regional development; Employed women; Social sanctions; Population dynamics; Rural women; Agricultural manpower 115 NAL Call. No.: HC59.7.A1W6 Female wage labor in rural Zimbabwe. Adams, J.M. Elmsford : Pergamon Press; 1991 Feb. World development v. 19 (2/3): p. 163-177; 1991 Feb. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Zimbabwe; Rural women; Female labor; Wages; Labor market; Rural areas; Heads of families; Household surveys; Aggregate data; Seasonal labor; Farm workers 116 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 The feminization of production on part-time farms in the Federal Republic of Germany. Pfeffer, M.J. Bozeman, Mont. : Rural Sociological Society; 1989. Rural sociology v. 54 (1): p. 60-73; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: German federal republic; Rural women; Men; Part time farming; Family farms; Division of labor; Herd size; Regions; Family structure; Age; Farm area; Crops; Farm income; Trends 117 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Fertility patterns of Hispanic migrant farm women: testing the effect of assimilation. Slesinger, D.P.; Okada, Y. Lexington, Ky. : The University of Kentucky; 1984. Rural sociology v. 49 (3): p. 430-440; 1984. Includes 22 references. Language: English Descriptors: Wisconsin; Human fertility; Migrants; Rural women; Assimilation; Farm families; Income; Birth rate; Education; Age; Behavior; Labor; Employment; Sampling; Demography; Mortality; Multivariate analysis; Farm structure Abstract: Extract: A 10 percent stratified random sample survey of migrant Hispanic farm women was conducted in 1978 in Wisconsin by bilingual interviewers. Interviews with the women revealed that they have greater numbers of children than other women in the United States. They bear children at younger ages, have greater infant mortality, and use fewer contraceptive techniques. We hypothesize that their fertility behavior is related to age, level of education, and degree of assimilation, the latter measured by bilingualism. Results show that the variable most strongly associated with live births is age; when it is controlled, education is the main predictor. When the effects of both age and education are controlled, bilingual capacity also contributes to explaining births. Education, on the other hand, explains most of the variance in expected number of children. We conclude that high fertility patterns are likely to continue among migrant farm women until level of education improves for the children, thus increasing their bilingual capacity and improving their occupational opportunities. 118 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482C65 1987 Filipino women in rice farming systems. University of the Philippines at Los Banos, International Rice Research Institute, Philippine Institute for Development Studies Consultative Workshop on Women in Rice Farming Systems in the Philippines 1987 : University of the Philippines at Los Banos. S.l. : s.n. ; Arlington, VA : Distributed by Agribookstore, Winrock International,; 1988. xvi, 408 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Proceedings of the Consultative Workshop on Women in Rice Farming Systems in the Philippines held March 26, 1987 at the Continuing Education Center, UPLB Complex, College, Laguna, Philippines. This publication is a collaborative effort of the University of the Philippines at Los Banos, The International Rice Research Institute, and The Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Women rice workers; Philippines; Congresses; Rice farmers; Philippines; Congresses 119 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 The first farmers in the Ohio country. Hurt, R.D. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (3): p. 5-13; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ohio; Mississippi; Prehistoric agriculture; American indians; Rural women; Cultivation methods; Traditional farming 120 NAL Call. No.: FUHD6073.F32.U6 1981 Florida farm wives they help the family farm survie. Downie, Masuma,; Gladwin, Christina H. Gainesville : Food and Resources Economics Dept., Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida,; 1981. [iv], 102 p. ; 28 cm. October, 1981. Includes bibliographical references (p. 102). Language: English; English Descriptors: Farmers' wives; Women in agriculture; Family farms 121 NAL Call. No.: 100 So8 (1) no.300 Food consumption and use of time for food work among farm families in the South Carolina Piedmont. Moser, Ada M. Clemson College, S.C. : South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1935. 80 p. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin (South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 300.). Bibliography: p. 78-80. Language: English; English Descriptors: Food consumption; South Carolina; Piedmont; Cookery; South Carolina; Piedmont; Farmers' wives; South Carolina; Piedmont; Time management 122 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 From recommendation domains to intra-household dynamics and back: attempts at bridging the gender gap. Alberti, A.M. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 61-72; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26-March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Rural women; Farming systems; Farm families; Woman's status; Female labor; Cultural influences 123 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 The gender factor and technology options for Zambia's subsistence farming systems. Sutherland, A.J. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 389-406; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Zambia; Subsistence farming; Female labor; Woman's status; Division of labor; Sex differences 124 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.D44A36 Gender issues and agricultural technology development. Jiggins, J. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press; 1990. Agroecology and small farm development / editors, Miguel A. Altieri, Susanna B. Hecht. p. 45-51; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Family labor; Farm families; Sex differences; Rural women; Roles 125 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Gender issues in farming systems research and extension. Poats, Susan V.; Schmink, Marianne; Spring, Anita University of Florida, Women in Agricultural Development Program Boulder : Westview Press,; 1988. xxi, 450 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). "Published in cooperation with the Women in Agricultural Development Program, University of Florida"--Page opposite t.p. Based on an international conference, held Feb. 26-Mar. 1, 1986 at the University of Florida. Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural systems; Research; Congresses; Women in agriculture; Congresses; Agricultural extension work; Congresses; Farms, Small; Congresses; Agricultural productivity; Congresses 126 NAL Call. No.: 11 AC82 Gender partnership: a postulate for socioeconomically viable family farms. Westermarck, N. Stockholm : Scandinavian Association of Agricultural Scientists; 1986. Acta agriculturae scandinavica v. 36 (4): p. 429-434; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Finland; Partnerships; Men; Women; Socioeconomic status; Computers; Family farms; Farm enterprises; Surveys 127 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Gender related issues in international development assistance for agriculture and rural life. Axinn, N.W. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, University of Florida; 1988. Agriculture and human values v. 5 (1/2): p. 69-76; 1988. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Agricultural development; International cooperation; Rural sociology; Agricultural manpower; Rural women; Female labor; Woman's status; Agricultural policy 128 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Gender relations and technological change: the need for an integrative framework of analysis. Evans, A. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 37-48; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26-March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Africa south of sahara; Farm families; Woman's status; Farming systems; Family structure; Technical progress; Male labor; Female labor; Sex differences 129 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Gender relations and the family farm in Western Europe. Blanc, M.; MacKinnon, N. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1990. Journal of rural studies v. 6 (4): p. 401-405; 1990. In the series analytic: Pluriactivity and rural change in Western Europe / edited by A.M. Fuller. French abstract, p. 358. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Western europe; Farmers; Rural women; Farm families; Female labor; Off-farm employment; Ancillary enterprises; Family farms Abstract: The paper focuses upon the impact of changing relations between farmers and spouses in the context of the restructuring of the rural economy and increasing female participation in labour markets. It is based upon a study of the connections between the succession process in agriculture and family relationships [Blanc, M. and Perrier-Cornet, P. (1989) Renouvellement des forces de travail et formes de production familiales en agriculture (les installations d'agriculteurs au cours de la decennie soixante-dix). Montpellier, INRA, Departement d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales, Montpellier]. It argues that for farmer's wives, off-farm work, participation in other farm-based enterprises and occupational status result from a negotiation of power relations within the farm operating couple. Such changes are bringing about a distinct form of pluriactivity among farm families, with an emerging trend towards husbands being occupied full-time on-farm and wives off-farm. The paper deals with the future of family farming in connection with these changes. The role played by the ideology of family farming in sustaining these emerging forms of production is examined. The individuation of aspirations, especially for women, is considered an important factor in terms of labour market involvement. However, it is argued that the resolution of the impact of such changes on the domestic sphere and the farm is dependent upon a process of negotiation between the farmer and spouse. 130 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 "Half- sky" role of China's women in rice farming systems. Chen-Quan, L.; Rui-Yin, F.; Xue-Bin, X. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 65-69; 1983. Language: English Descriptors: China; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Woman's status 131 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Handsome Lake's teachings: the sift from female to male agriculture in Iroquois culture. An essay in ethnophilosophy. Holly, M. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, University of Florida; 1990. Agriculture and human values v. 7 (3/4): p. 80-94; 1990. In the series analytic: Food, social theory, and agricultural science policy. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Men; Women; American indians; Beliefs; Traditional farming; Family structure; Culture; History 132 NAL Call. No.: S401.A45 Historical perspectives of U.S. women's work in agriculture: linking the past to the prsent. Sachs, C. Gainesville, Fla. : The Program, [1983?]; 1983. Agriculture, change and human values : proceedings, multidisciplinary conference [Oct 18-21, 1982] / edited by R. Haynes, R. Lanier ; sponsored by University of Florida, Humanities and Agriculture Pro. v. 1 p. 262-295; 1983. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm workers; Female labor; Farm management; Agricultural production; Farmers' attitudes; Women; History 133 NAL Call. No.: aTX326.A1U5 Household and farm task participation of women. Scholl, K.K. Hyattsville : The Service; 1982 Jun. Family economics review - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (3): p. 3-9; 1982 Jun. Includes 13 references. Language: English Descriptors: Households; Rural women; Working population; Farm workers; Work sharing; Food production; Surveys; Female labor; Education; Farm management; Housewives Abstract: Extract: Farm women are involved in their family's farming operations through labor participation and make an economic contribution to both the farm unit and the family unit. Although the major responsibility of the women is caring for the home and children, her farmwork is supportive of the farm unit since she is occasionally involved in almost half the farm tasks. Results from all the studies of task participation of farm women indicate that those women need specialized instruction and information to improve the quality of farm life. 134 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 The household enterprise and farming system research: a case study from Taiwan. Gallin, R.S.; Ferguson, A. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 223-235; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Taiwan; Farm families; Farming systems; Rural women; Farm management; Division of labor; Family farming 135 NAL Call. No.: HQ1.F36 Household, paid, and unpaid work time of farm women. Meiners, J.E.; Olson, G.I. Saint Paul, Minn. : The National Council on Family Relations; 1987 Oct. Family relations v. 36 (4): p. 407-411; 1987 Oct. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm families; Rural women; Housework; Off- farm employment; Working hours; Wages 136 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 F66C How Florida women help the farm and agribusiness firm survive. Gladwin, C.H. Gainesville, Fla. : The Service; 1984. Circular - Florida Cooperative Extension Service (613): 11 p. ill; 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Florida; Rural women; Farm management; Agribusiness 137 NAL Call. No.: A280.29 F22F no.15 How women help their farmer co-ops. LeBeau, Oscar R.; Heckman, John H. Washington, D.C. : Farmer Cooperative Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,; 1956. iii, 43 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. (FCS circular ; 15). Cover title. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture, Cooperative 138 NAL Call. No.: 30.98 AG8 "How're you gonna keep 'em down on the farm?" : Rural women and the urban model in Utah. Sturgis, C. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press; 1986. Agricultural history v. 60 (2): p. 182-199; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Utah; Rural women; Agricultural education; Rural urban migration 139 NAL Call. No.: HC121.J68 The hucksters of Dominica. Homiak, J. Rosslyn, Va. : Inter-American Foundation; 1986. Grassroots development v. 10 (1): p. 30-37. ill; 1986. Language: English Descriptors: Dominica; Trade relations; Small farms; Entrepreneurship; Rural women; Less favored areas; Small businesses 140 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 The impact of new farming technology on women's employment. Sajogyo, P. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 149-169; 1983. Includes 13 references. Language: English Descriptors: Indonesia; Rice; Farming; Technology; Female labor; Employed women 141 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Impact of women's off-farm employment on marital adjustment. Little, L.F.; Knaub, P.K.; Wozniak, P.; Draughn, P.S.; Smith, C.W.; Weeks, O. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1988 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 17 (1): p. 47-62; 1988 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; South eastern states of U.S.A.; Off-farm employment; Employed women; Marital interaction; Values; Household income; Role perception Abstract: Literature bearing on the relationship of women's employment status to couples' marital adjustment is reviewed. Three competing hypotheses--status competition, status enhancement, and no effects--are discussed in terms of farm couples' current context. Findings from this study of 527 farm couples suggest that at this time, women's off-farm employment might be in competition with traditional farm values, and thus might hinder high-quality marital relationships in farm couples. Additional determinants of marital adjustment in farm couples are discussed. 142 NAL Call. No.: 280.8 J822 Impacts of structural adjustment programs on African women farmers and female-headed households. Due, J.M.; Gladwin, C.H. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1991 Dec. American journal of agricultural economics v. 73 (5): p. 1431-1439, 1448-1455; 1991 Dec. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Agricultural Economics Association, August 4-7, 1991, Manhattan, Kansas. Discussions by D.E. Sahn and L. Haddad, p. 1448-1451 and U. Lele, p. 1452-1455. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Africa south of sahara; Women; Farmers; Heads of families; Agricultural households; Structural change; Economic impact; Agricultural production; Income; Supply response; Farm inputs; Woman's status; Development aid 143 NAL Call. No.: S590.A48 Improving and sustaining productivity in dryland regions of developing countries. Steiner, J.L.; Day, J.C.; Papendick, R.I.; Meyer, R.E.; Bertrand, A.R. New York, N.Y. : Springer-Verlag; 1988. Advances in soil sciences v. 8: p. 79-122. maps; 1988. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Dry farming; Aridity indexes; Land tenure; Woman's status; Socioeconomic organization 144 NAL Call. No.: S544.5.M274I56 Income generating activities training for women's program officers, October 5-December 20, 1987. Malawi, Ministry of Agriculture, Consortium for International Development, Oregon State University, USAID Mission to the Republic of Malawi, Malawi Agricultural Research and Extension Project Lilongwe, Malawi? : USAID Mission to Malawi? : Malawi Ministry of Agriculture?, 1988?; 1988. v, 30 leaves : ill., maps ; 28 cm. On cover: Malawi agricultural research and extension project. January 1988. Publication number 17. Language: English Descriptors: Women agricultural extension workers; Training of; Malawi; Agricultural extension work; Government policy; Malawi; Farm income; Malawi 145 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Incorporating women into monitoring and evaluation in farming systems research and extension. Louden, J. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 87-97; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26-March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Jamaica; Farming systems; Woman's status; Role perception; Female labor; Farm management; Decision making 146 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Independent farming: correlates and consequences for women and men. Tigges, L.M.; Rosenfeld, R.A. Bozeman : Rural Sociological Society, Montana State University; 1987. Rural sociology v. 52 (3): p. 345-364; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Family labor; Farm workers; Employed women; Household income; Economic resources; Social structure; Life cycles; Family structure 147 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292M5 Indian women in subsistence and agricultural labour. Mies, Maria; Kumari, Lalita K.; Kumari, Krishna, Geneva : International Labour Office,; 1986. x, 158 p. ; 24 cm. (Women, work, and development, 12). Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; India; Women in rural development; India 148 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Indigenous rice production and the subtleties of culture change: an example from Borneo. Colfer, C.J.P. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, University of Florida; 1991. Agriculture and human values v. 8 (1/2): p. 67-84; 1991. In the series analytic: Indigenous agricultural knowledge systems and development / edited by D.M. Warren. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Kalimantan; Rice; Crop yield; Households; Productivity; Farm inputs; Extension; Soil; Weather; Field size; Varieties; Topography; Female labor; Woman's status; Division of labor; Community development; Comparisons 149 NAL Call. No.: HQ536.F32 The influence of financial stressors upon farm husbands and wives' well-being and family life satisfaction. Duncan, S.F.; Volk, R.J.; Lewis, R.A. St. Paul, Minn. : National Council on Family Relations; 1988 Mar. Families in rural America : stress, adaptation and revitalization / edited by Ramona Marotz-Baden, Charles B. Hennon, Timothy H. Brubaker. p. 32-39; 1988 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Michigan; Minnesota; Missouri; Nebraska; Finance; Stress; Farm families; Family life; Influences; Mental health; Farm income; Age differences; Education; Children; Religion; Ethnicity 150 NAL Call. No.: S544.5.A43P8 Information for women in agricultural extension in ACP countries a report. Purvis, Barbara M. Centre technique de cooperation agricole et rurale Wageningen, the Netherlands : Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation,; 1987. 75 p. ; 29 cm. March 1987. Includes bibliographical references (p. 70-75). Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Africa; Women in agriculture; Caribbean Area; Women in agriculture; South Pacific Ocean Region; Agricultural extension workers; Africa; Agricultural extension workers; Caribbean Area; Agricultural extension workers; Southern Pacific Ocean Region 151 NAL Call. No.: Audiocassette no.15 Insight on the innovators--the 6Ms required for success in farming Hiram Drache intervied by Bill Brantley.. The 6Ms required for sucess in farming Drache, Hiram; Brantley, Bill W. Des Moines, Iowa : Bill Brantley & Assoc., c1878; 1978. 1 sound cassette (37 min.) : 1 7/8 ips, mono. Language: English Descriptors: Farmers--Northwestern States--History; Farms-- Northwestern States--History; Farmers' wives--Northwestern States--History; Farm management--Northwestern States-- History; Agriculture--Northwestern States--History 152 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Institutional and policy parameters affecting gender issues in farming systems research in Tanzania. Mtoi, M.T. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 345-359; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Tanzania; Farming systems; Woman's status; Division of labor; Farm families; Extension activities 153 NAL Call. No.: HV444.5.I51 Integrated rehabilitation project in small settlement sites, Kefa/Wollega workshop proceedings, 17-20 November 1988, Jimma Town, Kefa Region. Ethiopia, Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia, Ya'Erdata mastababariyara maqwaqwamiya komisen, UNICEF Addis Ababa : The Section, [1989?]; 1989. 34, 4, 4 leaves ; 30 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Food relief; Ethiopia; Women; Services for; Ethiopia; Rural women; Ethiopia 154 NAL Call. No.: HC10.S63 Integrating gender diverse and interdisciplinary professionals into traditional U.S. Department of Agriculture-Forest Service culture. Kennedy, J.J. New York : Taylor & Francis; 1991 Apr. Society & natural resources v. 4 (2): p. 165-176; 1991 Apr. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Men; Occupations; Natural resources; Resource management; Usda; Career development; Counseling 155 NAL Call. No.: S441.S25 The invisible farmers women in agricultural production. Sachs, Carolyn E., Totowa, N.J. : Rowman & Allanheld,; 1983. xiv, 153 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. Includes index. Bibliography: p. [139]-148. Language: English Descriptors: Women farmers; United States; History; Women farmers; United States 156 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292B34 Involvement of educated women of Bangladesh in agricultural activities. Husain, Saadat; Sarwar, Hasan Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development Comilla : Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development,; 1988. 32, ii p. ; 29 cm. Bibliography: p. i-ii. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Rural women; Agricultural surveys 157 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.F32N64 The Kano River Irrigation Project. Jackson, Cecile, Population Council West Hartford, Conn. : Kumarian Press,; 1985. xviii, 66 p. : map ; 28 cm. (Women's roles & gender differences in development ; 4; Kumarian Press case studies series). Bibliography: p. 65-66. Language: English Descriptors: Nigeria; Rural conditions; Women farmers; Nigeria; Women agricultural laborers; Nigeria; Hausa (African people); Economic conditions 158 NAL Call. No.: 1 EX892EX Keeping the farm without losing the family. Covington, S. Washington, D.C. : The Administration; 1987. Extension review - United States Department of Agriculture v. 58 (4): p. 18-19. ill; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Dairy farming; Family farming; Family life; Stress management; Rural women; Computer software; Farm management; Extension activities 159 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Kenya's experience with women's groups in agricultural extension: Strategies for accelerating improvements in food production and nutritional awareness in Africa. Muzaale, P.J.; Leonard, D.K. Barking : Applied Science Publishers; 1985. Agricultural administration v. 19 (1): p. 13-28; 1985. Includes 8 references. Language: English Descriptors: Kenya; Food production; Nutritional surveys; Development plans; Woman's status; Extension 160 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Labor force participation of rural farm, rural nonfarm, and urban women: a panel update. Ollenburger, J.C.; Grana, S.J.; Moore, H.A. Bozeman, Mont. : Rural Sociological Society; 1989. Rural sociology v. 54 (4): p. 533-550; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nebraska; Rural women; Labor market; Participation; Preschool children; Farm indebtedness; Higher education; Social indicators; Surveys; Rural urban relations; Part time employment Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the paid labor force participation rates and continuity patterns of rural farm, rural nonfarm, and urban women. Specifically, we trace the labor force participation of a panel of approximately 800 women in Nebraska from 1977 to 1985. This paper has a twofold purpose. First, we examine changes in the work status of the cohort of Nebraska women during the farm crisis years. Second, we identify individual factors influencing labor force participation and continuity, contrasting all three residential groups of women. A loglinear model isolates differences in participation rates for rural and urban women as well as for rural farm and rural nonfarm women during the 1977, 1981, and 1985 panel years. A discriminant analysis then ascertains the nonlinear relationships in women's work histories for the same time period. A comparison of continuous, discontinuous, and nonparticipatory labor force patterns illustrates that rural women, and farm women in particular, entered the wage labor force in disproportionate numbers during the farm crisis years. The farm crisis provides a framework for discussing accelerated participation rates and changes in the effects of individual human capital characteristics. Increases in participation rates are most evident among married farm women with dicontinuous part-time work histories. Over the three data points, the effect of preschool children on labor work force participation was attenuated for farm women and higher education levels became less salient in predicting labor force participation rates for both rural and urban women. 161 NAL Call. No.: 26 L53 Labour use patterns for livestock operations on conventional farms with special emphasis on the women's role in Egypt. Soliman, I.; Abd El-Monem, R. Leipzig, E. Ger. : Karl-Marx-Universitat; 1988. Beitrage zur tropischen Landwirtschaft und Veterinarmedizin v. 26 (4): p. 333-341; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Egypt; Dairies; Buffaloes; Dairy cattle; Hired labor; Labor costs; Rural women; Division of labor; Farm size; Livestock farming; Milk processing 162 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Land and women's agricultural production: the context. Davison, J. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1988. Agriculture, women, and land : the African experience / edited by Jean Davison. p. 1-32. maps; 1988. (Westview special studies on Africa). Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Africa; Agricultural land; Agricultural production; Rural women; Land use; Woman's status; Economic sociology; Labor allocation 163 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Land redistribution in Mozambique and its effects on women's collective production: case studies from Sofala Province. Davison, J. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1988. Agriculture, women, and land : the African experience / edited by Jean Davison. p. 228-249. maps; 1988. (Westview special studies on Africa). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Mozambique; Land transfers; Rural women; Agricultural production; Peasantry; Woman's status; Nationalization; Cooperative farming; Irrigated farming; Collective farming 164 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Land tenure, agriculture, and gender in Guinea-Bissau. Funk, U. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1988. Agriculture, women, and land : the African experience / edited by Jean Davison. p. 33-58. maps; 1988. (Westview special studies on Africa). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Guinea-bissau; Land tenure; Rural women; Development policy; Self sufficiency; Family labor; Nationalization; Agricultural production 165 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Land tenure, gender relations, and agricultural production: the case of Zimbabwe's peasantry. Pankhurst, D.; Jacobs, S. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1988. Agriculture, women, and land : the African experience / edited by Jean Davison. p. 202-227; 1988. (Westview special studies on Africa). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Zimbabwe; Land tenure; Rural women; Agricultural production; Right of access; Division of labor; Settlement; Peasantry 166 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Landless women agricultural laborers in India: some observations from Tamil Nadu, Kerala and West Bengal. Mencher, J.P. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 351-371; 1983. Includes 4 references. Language: English Descriptors: Tamil nadu; Kerala; West bengal; Rural women; Landlessness; Agricultural manpower; Unskilled labor; Employment; Rice; Farming; Household income 167 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 The Latin American agrarian reform experience. Deere, C.D. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 165-190; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Latin America; Agrarian reform; Woman's status; Farming systems; Cooperatives 168 NAL Call. No.: 275.8 AG8 Lessons from women in the agricultural sciences. Rea, J.; Henderson, J.L.; Cooper, B.E. Henry, Ill. : The Magazine; 1989 Aug. The Agricultural education magazine v. 62 (2): p. 20-21; 1989 Aug. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural sciences; Employed women; Biographies 169 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Life cycle or patriarchy? Gender divisions in family farming. Whatmore, S. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 71-76; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: England; Men; Women; Family farms; Division of labor; Life cycle; Family labor; Farm surveys; Ethnography; Woman's status 170 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Livestock component farming systems research in Java: The case for work with women. Peteram, R.J.; Basuno, E. Barking : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1986. Agricultural administration v. 21 (2): p. 119-127; 1986. Includes 17 references. Language: English Descriptors: Java; Animal husbandry; Farming systems; Agricultural research; Innovation adoption; Women; Extension; Organization of research; Productivity; Agricultural development 171 NAL Call. No.: HD1401.W57 no.286 A longitudinal analysis of nonfarm labor market entry and exit of married farm women in Wisconsin. Gould, Brian; Saupe, William E. Madison : Wis. : University of Wisconsin, Dept. of Agricultural Economics,; 1988. 37 p. : ill. ; 28cm. (Agricultural economics staff paper series (Madison, Wis.) ; no. 286.). April 1988. Bibliography: p. 26-27. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Employment; Wisconsin 172 NAL Call. No.: HQ1438.A12J46 Loosening the bonds Mid-Atlantic farm women, 1750-1850. Jensen, Joan M. New Haven : Yale University Press; 1986. xv, 271 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. Includes index. Bibliography: p. 231-263. Language: English; English Descriptors: Middle Atlantic States--Rural conditions; Rural women- -Middle Atlantic States--History; Women in agriculture--Middle Atlantic States--History; Women in public life--Middle Atlantic States--History 173 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Losing ground--women and agriculture on Sudan's irrigated schemes: lessons from a Blue Nile village. Bernal, V. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1988. Agriculture, women, and land : the African experience / edited by Jean Davison. p. 131-156; 1988. (Westview special studies on Africa). Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Sudan; Rural women; Irrigated farming; Religion; Development policy; Division of labor; Agricultural production; Resource allocation 174 NAL Call. No.: HC59.7.A1J6 Malawi's "captured" peasantry: an empirical analysis. Hirschmann, D. Macomb : Western Illinois University; 1990 Jul. The Journal of developing areas v. 24 (4): p. 467-488; 1990 Jul. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Malawi; Rural women; Peasantry; Peasant farming; Off- farm employment; Economic impact; Cultural heritage; Economic development; Development aid; World bank; International monetary fund; Rural sociology 175 NAL Call. No.: 101 AL1A Managing human resources: the work of Alberta farm men and women. Keating, N.; Doherty, M.; Munro, B. Edmonton : The Faculty; 1987-1986. Agriculture & forestry bulletin - Alberta University. Faculty of Extension v. 9 (4): p. 7-10; 1987-1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alberta; Farm workers; Farm inputs; Off-farm employment; Volunteers; Men; Women; Labor allocation 176 NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1H Many factors affect farm women's life satisfaction. Bradbard, M.R. Auburn University, Ala. : The Station; 1988. Highlights of agricultural research - Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station v. 35 (4): p. 15; 1988. Language: English Descriptors: Alabama; Rural women; Farm families; Questionnaires; Quality of life; Scheduling 177 NAL Call. No.: HD8039.F32U55 The matrifocal farm. Ehlers, T.B. Ithaca : Cornell University Press; 1987. Farm work and fieldwork : American agriculture in anthropological perspective / edited by Michael Chibnik. p. 145-163; 1987. (Anthropology of contemporary issues). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Division of labor; Widows; Farm management; Rural economy; Woman's status; Divorce 178 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 Mexican agricultural development policy and its impact on rural women. Arizpe, L.; Botey, C. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 67-83; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Mexico; Rural women; Agricultural development; Agrarian reform; Capitalism; Division of labor; Woman's status 179 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 The mobilization of women's labor for cash crop production: a game theoretic approach. Jones, C. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 445-454; 1983. Includes 7 references. Language: English Descriptors: Cameroon; Rice; Irrigated farming; Female labor; Household surveys; Family farms; Cash crops; Games; Models 180 NAL Call. No.: HM206.A1H8 Motherhood and subsistence work: the tamang of rural Nepal. Panter- Brick, C. New York, N.Y. : Plenum Press; 1989 Jun. Human ecology v. 17 (2): p. 205-228; 1989 Jun. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nepal; Rural women; Pregnant women; Lactating women; Subsistence farming; Time allocation; Seasonal labor; Child care; Mortality; Division of labor; Labor productivity 181 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Multiple roles, lifestyle satisfaction, and marital happiness among farm wives. Draughn, P.S.; Little, L.F.; Wozniak, P.; Knaub, P.K.; Weeks, O.; Smith, C. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1988 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 17 (1): p. 63-76; 1988 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; South eastern states of U.S.A.; Farm families; Rural women; Role perception; Employed women; Off-farm employment; Roles; Marital interaction; Life style Abstract: The purposes of this study were to explore the multiplicity of farm women's roles and to determine whether a particular role complex is related to lifestyle satisfaction. Questionnaires were mailed to randomly selected farm families in seven states. Responses from 1,235 wives revealed that 13% functioned in five roles, 37% in four roles, 42% in three roles, and 8% in two roles. Wives from small farms were more likely to carry five role responsibilities. Education was positively related to number of roles, while age was negatively related. Although farm size, wives' off-farm income, and length of marriage were significantly related to number of roles, the relationships were not linear. Number of roles negatively affected lifestyle satisfaction but not marital happiness. Lifestyle satisfaction was decreased by having an off-farm-work role and a parenting role, but not by a farm-work role. The number of roles was also related to both equity satisfaction and financial security. Younger wives, those with more education, and those from smaller farms are more likely to carry a quintet of roles. In conclusion, it appears that role load of farm wives reduces lifestyle satisfaction. Working off the farm reduces lifestyle satisfaction, but working on the farm does not. However, being a parent reduced lifestyle satisfaction, regardless of the type of or number of work roles of the wife. Marital happiness remains independent of all variables in this study. 182 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 A multi-state study of off-farm employment. Wozniak, P.J.; Draughn, P.S.; Perch, K.L. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1988 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 17 (1): p. 10-19; 1988 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Off-farm employment; Rural women; Farm families; Employed women; Familial incidence; Farm surveys; Questionnaires Abstract: The scope, development, and implementation of a multi-state study on the impact of farm wives' employment on family functioning and economic productivity are described. The procedures used in questionnaire development, sampling, and data collection are reported, along with information on item and unit non-response. 183 NAL Call. No.: 23 N48J Mysteries of farm women unravelled. Little, H. Auckland : Deslandes Ltd; 1984 Oct. New Zealand journal of agriculture v. 149 (4): p. 44-45, 47. ill; 1984 Oct. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Farms 184 NAL Call. No.: S544.3.N7N45 Nonfarm income is vital to many NY farm families. McGonigal, J.W.; Bruce, R.L. Belmont, N.Y. : Cooperative Extension Association of Allegany County; 1989 Dec. News and views v. 74 (12): p. 3-4; 1989 Dec. Language: English Descriptors: New York; Off-farm employment; Farm income; Employed women 185 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Nonmetropolitan migration: the influence of neglected variables. Cook, A.K. Bozeman : Rural Sociological Society, Montana State University; 1987. Rural sociology v. 52 (3): p. 409-418; 1987. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Washington; Oregon; Rural development; Urban rural migration; Off-farm employment; Employed women; Population change; Multiple regression; Economic depression 186 NAL Call. No.: 64.9 C19 North American women and their children: valuable resources in food production. Light, H.K.; Hertsgaard, D. Bridgetown, Barbados : The Eastern Caribbean Center and the Caribbean Food Crops Society; 1985. Proceedings of the Caribbean Food Crops Society : annual meeting (20th): p. 192-194; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North Dakota; Small farms; Rural women; Children; Agricultural manpower; Labor economics 187 NAL Call. No.: 100 N813B North Dakota farm women and their roles in the family: are they changing?. Pankow, D.; Mammen, S.; Fitzgerald, M. Fargo, N.D. : The Station; 1991 Mar. North Dakota farm research - North Dakota, Agricultural Experiment Station v. 48 (5): p. 21-25; 1991 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North Dakota; Farm families; Woman's status 188 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Norwegian farm women and the cultural meaning of food. Thorsen, L.E. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 63-66; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Norway; Rural women; Farm families; Cooking; Cultural values; Food 189 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Norwegian gender roles in transition: the masculinization hypothesis in the past and in the future. Almas, R.; Haugen, M.S. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 79-83; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Norway; Men; Women; Female labor; Farm workers; Division of labor; Role perception; Theory 190 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 C16 "Not enough hours, our accountant tells me": trends in children's, women's and men's involvement in Canadian agriculture. Smith, P. Ottawa : Canadian Agricultural Economics Society; 1986 Jun. Canadian journal of agricultural economics; Revue Canadienne d'economie rurale v. 33: p. 161-195; 1986 Jun. This paper was presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Society, June 23-27, 1985 in Charlottetown, P.E.I. Includes statistical data. Includes 56 references. Language: English Descriptors: Canada; Employment; Female labor; Populations; Censuses; Occupations; Agricultural production 191 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Notes on methods for studying farm women. Colman, G.P. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1981 Nov. The Rural sociologist v. 1 (6): p. 394-395; 1981 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Farming; Woman's status; Research 192 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Observations on institutions, infrastructure technology and women in rice farming. Evenson, R.E. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 21-36; 1983. Includes 14 references. Language: English Descriptors: Asia; Developing countries; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Family life; Household income; Woman's status 193 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Off- farm employment by women and marital instability. Acock, A.C.; Deseran, F.A. Bozeman : Rural Sociological Society, Montana State University; 1986. Rural sociology v. 51 (3): p. 314-327; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Louisiana; Rural women; Off-farm employment; Marital interaction; Part time farming; Career choice; Life style; Division of labor 194 NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1H Off- farm employment of wives is important to Alabama farm families. Warfield, C.L. Auburn, Ala. : The Station; 1986. Highlights of agricultural research - Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station v. 33 (4): p. 3; 1986. Language: English Descriptors: Alabama; Farmers; Women; Off-farm employment 195 NAL Call. No.: 280.8 J822 Off- farm labor market entry and exit. Gould, B.W.; Saupe, W.E. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1989 Nov. American journal of agricultural economics v. 71 (4): p. 960-969; 1989 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Wisconsin; Off-farm employment; Labor market; Longitudinal studies; Employed women; Marriage; Time allocation; Decision making; Participation; Wage rates; Models; Probit analysis; Sampling techniques Abstract: Through the use of a longitudinal data set, we determine those factors that are important to off-farm labor market entry and compare them with factors affecting off-farm labor market exiting. The model of labor market entry and exit takes into account the effects of changes in key economic variables over a four-year period. The data are for married farm women in Wisconsin who must make labor allocation decisions among home production, farm production, and off-farm employment. These decisions have important implications for the well-being of the families involved (who have been increasing in number) and for their communities. 196 NAL Call. No.: HD1401.W57 no.257 The off-farm labor supply of married farm women evidence from Wisconsin. McCarthy, Mary R.; Salant, Priscilla Madison : Wis. : University of Wisconsin, Dept. of Agricultural Economics,; 1986. 26 p. ; 28 cm. (Agricultural economics staff paper series (Madison, Wis.) ; no. 257). July 1986. References: pp. 18-21. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Employment; Wisconsin 197 NAL Call. No.: 251.8 R32 Off- farm work decisions of husbands and wives: joint decision making. Huffman, W.E.; Lange, M.D. Amsterdam : Elsevier Science Publishers (North Holland); 1989 Aug. The Review of economics and statistics v. 71 (3): p. 471-480; 1989 Aug. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Iowa; Off-farm employment; Decision making; Economic theories; Econometric models; Household income; Marriage; Time allocation; Participation 198 NAL Call. No.: HD6189.T97 On the issue of underenumeration of women's work in the Indian data collection system. Bhattacharyya, S. New Delhi : Shakti Books; 1985. Tyranny of the household : investigative essays on women's work / edited by Devaki Jain, Nirmala Banerjee. p. 195-214; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: India; Rural women; Agricultural manpower; Enumeration; Data collection; Errors; Work studies 199 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Paddy production, processing and women workers in India-the south versus the northeast. Sen, G. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 385-403; 1983. Includes 8 references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Rice; Irrigated farming; Female labor; Unskilled labor 200 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R47 Part- time farming and commuting: determinants of distance to off-farm work for Louisiana farm couples. Deseran, F.A. Greenwich, Conn. : JAI Press; 1989. Research in rural sociology and development v. 4: p. 171-188; 1989. In the series analytic: Rural Labor Markets / guest editors; W.W. Falk and T.A. Lyson. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Louisiana; Part time farming; Distance travelled; Commuting; Off-farm employment; Employed women; Men; Sex differences 201 NAL Call. No.: HD101.S6 People left behind: transitions of the rural poor. Molnar, J.J.; Traxler, G. Experiment, Ga. : The Association; 1991 Jul. Southern journal of agricultural economics - Southern Agricultural Economics Association v. 23 (1): p. 75-83; 1991 Jul. Discussion by B.J. Deaton, p. 85-87. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Southern states of U.S.A.; Blacks; American indians; Rural women; Rural population; Poverty; Farm workers; Spatial distribution; Factor analysis; Demography Abstract: Compared to their urban counterparts, the rural poor are more likely to be employed, more apt to be members of married-couple families, less likely to be children, less likely to be minority, and more likely to have assets but a negative income. This paper examines poverty rates and factors that affect mobility in and out of poverty among major categories of the rural poor. Particular attention is paid to farm workers and the rural farm population in the South. It endeavors to identify both structural conditions that perpetuate rural poverty and government interventions that ameliorate human suffering and break the cycle of poverty reproduction. 202 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Perceptions of stress associated with wives' off-farm employment. Knaub, P.C.; Abbott, D.; Meredith, W.H.; Parkhurst, A. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1988 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 17 (1): p. 86-94; 1988 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nebraska; Off-farm employment; Employed women; Stress; Life style; Family life; Marital interaction; Farm surveys Abstract: A random sample of 323 Midwestern farm couples responded to a questionnaire designed to measure various aspects of family functioning, including lifestyle satisfaction and dyadic adjustment as well as perceptions of stress and coping strategies utilized. Although 96 percent of the women identified themselves as farmers, 38 percent were employed off the farm. In general, the farm couples reported high satisfaction with their lifestyle; however, stress was also a frequently reported experience. Although employed farm women were significantly higher in their reported experience with stress than those not employed off the farm, neither employment status nor number of hours employed were directly related to wives' perceptions of marital and life satisfaction. Rather, it was those husbands and wives in the high- stress category, regardless of employment status, who reported significantly lower lifestyle satisfaction and marital adjustment. Family life professionals are encouraged to respond with appropriate programming for rural families at risk of experiencing high stress. 203 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.U5S77 1984 Perspectives on the role of females in the survival of the small farm. Randolph, S.L.; Williamson, H. Tuskegee, Ala. : Tuskegee Institute, Human Resources Development Center; 1985. Strategy for survival of small farmers, international implications / editor, Thomas T. Williams. p. 28-35; 1985. Paper presented at the Professional Agricultural Workers Conference on "Strategy for Survival of Small Farmers," Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Small farms; Rural women; Farm workers; Rural development; Extension activities; Roles; Decision making 204 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Phases of farming systems research: the relevance of gender in Ecuadorian sites. Garrett, P.; Espinosa, P. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 199-212; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ecuador; Farming systems; Small farms; Rural women; Woman's status; Interviews; Farm surveys; Sex differences; Division of labor; Technology transfers 205 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292Z337 The policy implications of the roles of women in agriculture in Zambia. Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina, Lusaka : National Commission for Development Planning : Ministry of Agriculture and Water Development,; 1985. 49, [25] p. ; 30 cm. (Planning Division special studies ; no. 20). Cover title. November, 1985. Bibliography: p. 45-49. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Zambia; Women agricultural laborers; Zambia; Women in agriculture; Government policy; Zambia; Women in rural development; Government policy; Zambia 206 NAL Call. No.: 100 W27E no.234 The present use of work time of farm homemakers. Arnquist, Inez F.; Roberts, Evelyn Hortense, Pullman, Wash. : State College of Washington, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1929. 31 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / State College of Washington. Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 234). Cover title. Language: English; English Descriptors: Housewives; Washington (State); Time management; Farmers' wives 207 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Problems of understanding and communication at the interface of knowledge systems. Jiggins, J. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 49-59; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26-March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Lesotho; Zambia; Farming systems; Extension activities; Rural women; Female labor; Vegetables 208 NAL Call. No.: 275.9 N213 A profile of women scientists in colleges of agriculture. Cooper, B.E.; Henderson, J.L. Urbana, Ill. : National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture; 1988 Mar. NACTA journal v. 32 (1): p. 10-13; 1988 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural education; Agricultural colleges; Women; Scientists; Woman's status 209 NAL Call. No.: HD5710.8.P7 Promotion of employment and incomes for the rural poor, including rural women, through non-farm activities second item on the agenda. International Labour Organisation, Advisory Committee on Rural Development Geneva : International Labour Office; 1983. 131 p. ; 24 cm. Table of contents (v p.) and corrigendum tipped in. "ACRD X/1983/II". Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Farm income--Congresses; Rural development-- Congresses 210 NAL Call. No.: HQ536.F32 Psychosomatic stress among farm men and women. Keating, N.; Munro, B.; Doherty, M. St. Paul, Minn. : National Council on Family Relations; 1988 Mar. Families in rural America : stress, adaptation and revitalization / edited by Ramona Marotz-Baden, Charles B. Hennon, Timothy H. Brubaker. p. 64-73; 1988 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Stress; Farmers; Men; Women; Role conflicts; Economic factors; Support systems; Resources 211 NAL Call. No.: 275.28 J82 Reaching out to Third World Women: Extension's international role. Livingston, P.; Holt, B.A. Madison : Extension Journal; 1987. Journal of extension v. 25: p. 31-33; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nepal; Developing countries; Extension; Rural women; Agricultural development 212 NAL Call. No.: HQ1.F36 Reducing stress of farm men and women. Keating, N.C. Saint Paul, Minn. : The National Council on Family Relations; 1987 Oct. Family relations v. 36 (4): p. 358-363; 1987 Oct. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Canada; Farmers; Rural women; Mental stress; Farm indebtedness; Stress management; Support systems 213 NAL Call. No.: HN79.A14R87 Regional survey of farm operators. Ames, Iowa : North Central Regional Center for Rural Development; 1989 Apr. Rural development news v. 13 (2): p. 7-8; 1989 Apr. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; Farmers; Operators; Regional surveys; Data collection; Farm families; Rural women; Economic impact; Agricultural situation; Case studies 214 NAL Call. No.: 100 Ok4 (1) no.197 The relation between the economic status of the Oklahoma farm family and the farm woman's standards of management with respect to clothing. Fernandes, Grace Stillwater, Okla. : Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1930. [16] p. ; 22 cm. (Experiment Station bulletin / Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 197). Cover title. Bibliography: p. [16]. Language: English; English Descriptors: Home economics, Rural; Oklahoma; Farmers; Oklahoma; Economic conditions 215 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R48P7 1985 Report of the Project Design Workshop on Women in Rice Farming Systems 10-13 April 1985, the International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines. International Rice Research Institute, Ford Foundation, International Development Research Centre (Canada) Project Design Workshop on Women in Rice Farming Systems 1985 : International Rice Research Institute. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines : International Rice Research Institute,; 1985. iii, 144, [12] p. ; 28 cm. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Women rice workers; Rice workers; Rice 216 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482D442 1983 Report of Women in Rice Farming Systems Conference, 26-30 September 1983.. Women in Rice Farming Systems Conference International Rice Research Institute Women in Rice Farming Systems Conference 1983 : International Rice Research Institute. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines : International Rice Research Institute, [1983?]; 1983. 19 p. ; 21 cm. Cover title. Language: English Descriptors: Women rice workers; Developing countries; Congresses 217 NAL Call. No.: 275.9 N213 The representation of women scientists in land grant colleges of agriculture. Henderson, J.L.; Cooper, B.E. Urbana, Ill. : The Association; 1987 Jun. NACTA journal - National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture v. 31 (2): p. 14-17; 1987 Jun. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural colleges; Scientists; Women; Academic achievement 218 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Reproduction of the family farm and rural society--an issue of power relations. II. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 45-47; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Women; Family farms; Housework; Division of labor 219 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Research, recommendation and diffusion domains: a farming systems approach to targeting. Wotowiec, P. Jr; Poats, S.V.; Hildebrand, P.E. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 72-86; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26-March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Farming systems; Rural women; Role perception; Extension activities; Diffusion of research 220 NAL Call. No.: 280.29 AM3A Restructuring American agriculture: new horizons for cooperatives. Tweeten, L.G. Washington, D.C. : American Institute of Cooperation; 1986. American cooperation. p. 16-23. ill; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cooperatives; Agricultural structure; Structural change; Trends; Part time farming; Farm size; Rural women; Marketing techniques; Risks; Profitability 221 NAL Call. No.: HD1401.W57 no.311 Results of the 1989 regional farm survey for Wisconsin. Saupe, William E.; Eisenhauer, Janet University of Wisconsin--Madison, Dept. of Agricultural Economics Madison : Wis. : University of Wisconsin, Dept. of Agricultural Economics; 1989. 28 p. : map ; 28 cm. (Agricultural economics staff paper series (Madison, Wis.) ; no. 311.). December 20, 1989. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture; Rural families; Rural women 222 NAL Call. No.: 275.8 AG8 Retaining women in nontraditional employment. Whittington, S. Henry, Ill. : The Magazine; 1990 Aug. The Agricultural education magazine v. 63 (2): p. 18-19, 23; 1990 Aug. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Employment; Agriculture; Agricultural education 223 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 The role of farm women in American history: areas for additional research. Jensen, J.M. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (1): p. 13-17; 1985. Includes 10 references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Family farms; Agriculture; History 224 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 The role of women farmers in choosing species for agroforestry farming systems in rural areas of Ghana. Owusu-Bempah, K. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 427-443. maps; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ghana; Farmers; Women; Agroforestry; Farming systems; Family structure; Forest management 225 NAL Call. No.: 27 L63 The role of 'women in agriculture'. Simpson, J. Canterbury, N.Z. : Lincoln College; 1984. Proceedings of the ... Lincoln College Farmers' Conference (34th): p. 205-208; 1984. Language: English Descriptors: New Zealand; Rural women; Rural society; Agriculture 226 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.F32C2 The Role of women in farming an exploratory study of the relative impact women have on the farm enterprise in Yolo County, California. Thompson, O. E.; Gwynn, Douglas; Sharpe, Charlotte; Wescott, Jan Davis, CA : Dept. of Applied Behavioral Sciences, University of California, Davis; 1986. vi, 114 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. This research was supported by the California Agricultural Experiment Station-Project no. 3643. April, 1986. Bibliography: leaves 79-86. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; California; Yolo County; Farmers' wives; California; Yolo County; Women farmers; California; Yolo County; Farm management; California; Yolo County 227 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 The role of women in household production systems and rice farming in Nepal. Pradhan, B. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 257-286; 1983. Includes 22 references. Language: English Descriptors: Nepal; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Family farms; Household income; Woman's status; Division of labor 228 NAL Call. No.: SF5.W6 1988 The role of women in the adoption of new practices. Finney, R. S.l. : Finnish Animal Breeding Association; 1988. Proceedings / VI World Conference on Animal Production, Helsinki 1988. p. 213-231; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Rural women; Livestock enterprises; Agriculture; Animal production; Technology transfers; Innovation adoption 229 NAL Call. No.: 100 N27 (4) no.238 The routine and seasonal work of Nebraska farm women. Clark, Marjorie Ruth,; Gray, Greta Lincoln : University of Nebraska, College of Agriculture, Experiment Station,; 1930. 39 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin (University of Nebraska (Lincoln campus). Agricultural Experiment Station) ; 238.). "Home Economics"--Cover. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Nebraska 230 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.11 Rural homemaking with Susan Hanson. Quilts [videorecording].. Quilts Rural homemaking Quilting Hanson, Susan United States? : s.n., 198-?; 1980-1985. 1 videocassettee (14 min., 22 sec.) ; sd., col. ; 3/4 in. Title on container : Rural homemaking. Quilting. Edited copy. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Rural women--History; Farm life; Quilting--History; Quilting--Patterns 231 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292I468 Rural women and development a study of female agricultural labourers in Telangana.. Rural women & development Shobha, V., Delhi, India : Mittal Publications,; 1987. xiii, 372 p. ; 22 cm. Cover title: Rural women & development. Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral-- Kakatiya University). Includes index. Bibliography: p. [345]-366. Language: English Descriptors: Women agricultural laborers; India; Warangal; Women agricultural laborers; India; Nizamabad (District); Rural women; India; Warangal; Rural women; India; Nizamabad (District) Abstract: Study conducted in Warangal and Nizamabad districts, Andhra Pradesh. 232 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Rural women and high yielding variety rice technology in India. Agarwal, B. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 307-335; 1983. Literature review. Includes 44 references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Rice; Farming; Technology; Female labor; Family farms; Household income 233 NAL Call. No.: HC10.S63 Rural women and irrigation: patriarchy, class, and the modernizing state in south India. Ramamurthy, P. New York : Taylor & Francis; 1991 Jan. Society & natural resources v. 4 (1): p. 5-22; 1991 Jan. In the series analytic: Women and natural resources in developing countries / edited by N.L. Peluso. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Andhra pradesh; Rural women; Female labor; Farm workers; Irrigation; Canals; Productivity; Peasant farming; Villages; Social classes; Division of labor; Agricultural households; Household surveys; Wage rates; Rural development; Technology 234 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 Rural women and state policy feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development. Deere, Carmen Diana; Leon de Leal, Magdalena International Congress of Americanists 45th : 1985 : Bogota, Columbia. Boulder : Westview Press,; 1987. ix, 282 p. ; 24 cm. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). "Papers presented at a symposium convened in conjunction with the 45th International Congress of Americanists, held in Bogota, Columbia, July 1985. Includes bibliographies and index. Language: English Descriptors: Women in rural development; Latin America; Congresses; Rural development projects; Latin America; Congresses; Women in agriculture; Latin America; Congresses; Agriculture and state; Latin America; Congresses 235 NAL Call. No.: HQ1.J44 Rural women and the family: a study of a Punjabi village in Pakistan. Rauf, A. Alberta : The Journal; 1987. Journal of comparative family studies v. 18 (3): p. 403-415, ii, x.; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pakistan; Rural women; Villages; Property transfers; Kinship; Division of labor; Woman's status; Eating habits; Farms; Female labor; Leisure; Health care 236 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 Rural women and the neo-liberal model in Chile. Lago, M.S. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 21-34; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Chile; Rural women; Woman's status; Agricultural production; Capitalism; Social participation 237 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292P325 Rural women in farming systems research fatehjang. Masood, Farzona; Mahjabeen Islamabad : Pakistan Agricultural Research Council,; 1989. ix, 50 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 48-49). Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Pakistan; Womein in rural development; Pakistan; Rural women; Pakistan 238 NAL Call. No.: HD6052.W5 Rural women in Latin America and the division of labour. Arriagada, I. Calcutta : Indian Statistical Institute; 1985. Women, work, and society / edited by K. Saradamoni. p. 49-72; 1985. Paper presented at the Indian Statistical Institute Golden Jubilee International Symposium on Women, Work, and Society, 1982, New Delhi, India. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Latin America; Woman's status; Division of labor; Rural women; Earned income; Non-farm income 239 NAL Call. No.: HQ1742.L3 Rural women management in farm and home. Laxmi Devi, A. New Delhi : Northern Book Centre,; 1988. 176, [4] p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm. Revision of the author's thesis (doctoral)--Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University. Includes index. Bibliography: p. [140]-146. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; India; Women in agriculture; India; Women in rural development; India 240 NAL Call. No.: HD1773.A5U8 Rural women: unseen partners in the economy. Smith, B.E. Tuskegee, Ala. : Tuskegee University; 1987. Ushering in the twenty first century : emphasis on the rural South / editor, Thomas T. Williams. p. 144-147; 1987. Papers presented at the 44th Professional Agricultural Workers Conference, December 7-9, 1986, at Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, Alabama. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Rural women; Farm income; Labor; Unemployment 241 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Science and farm women's work: the agrarian origins of home economic extension. Knowles, J. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (1): p. 52-55; 1985. Includes 5 references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Farm families; Home economics 242 NAL Call. No.: QH510.S25 Seasonal changes in energy balance of rural Beninese women. Schultink, J. W. 1991; 1991. 114 p. : ill., map ; 24 cm. Thesis statement and vita in Dutch. Summary in English and Dutch. Stellingen in Dutch inserted. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Bioenergetics; Women agricultural workers 243 NAL Call. No.: HC59.7.A1W6 A sectoral approach to promoting women's work: lessons from India. Chen, M. Elmsford : Pergamon Press; 1989 Jul. World development v. 17 (7): p. 1007-1016; 1989 Jul. Language: English Descriptors: India; Dairy farming; Silk; Textile industries; Rural women; Employed women; Economic policy; Economic sectors; Public agencies 244 NAL Call. No.: HC59.7.A1W6 A sectoral approach to promoting women's work: lessons from India. Chen, M. Elmsford : Pergamon Press; 1989 Jul. World development v. 17 (7): p. 1007-1016; 1989 Jul. In the series analytic: Beyond survival: expanding income-earning opportunities for women in developing countries / edited by C.A. Grown. Language: English Descriptors: India; Employed women; Dairying; Silk; Farm sector; Economic development; Agricultural policy; Development aid 245 NAL Call. No.: GN448.H68 Sexual division of labor in agriculture. Burton, M.L.; White, D.R. Lanham : University Press of America; 1987. Household economies and their transformations / edited by Morgan D. Maclachlan. p. 107-130; 1987. (Monographs in economic anthropology ; no. 3). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Division of labor; Sex differences; Agricultural manpower; Intensification; Population density 246 NAL Call. No.: HD1.A3 Sheep and goats, men and women: household relations and small ruminant development in southwest Nigeria. Okali, C.; Sumberg, J.E. Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1985. Agricultural systems v. 18 (1): p. 39-59; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nigeria; Humid zones; Farming systems; Goats; Sheep; Rural development; Households; Ownership; Women; Models; Families 247 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.A4U5 Sheep and goats, men and women: Household relations and small ruminant production in Southwest Nigeria. Okali, C.; Sumberg, J.E. Boulder, Colorado : Westview Press; 1986. Understanding Africa's rural households and farming systems / edited by Joyce Lewinger Moock ; forward by Bede N. Okigbo. p. 166-181; 1986. (Westview special studies on Africa). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nigeria; Sheep farming; Goat keeping; Intensive livestock farming; Models; Cropping systems; Family farming 248 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 The social invisibility of women's work in Brazilian agriculture. Spindel, C.R. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 51-66; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Brazil; Rural women; Agricultural production; Female labor; Woman's status; Social status 249 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 The sociology of agriculture--current conceptual status. Buttel, F.H. Columbia, Mo. : Rural Sociological Society; 1989. The Rural sociologist v. 9 (2): p. 16-26; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North America; Rural sociology; Trends; Agricultural structure; Structural change; Sociological analysis; Social structure; Socioeconomic organization; Agricultural research; Technical progress; Rural women; History; Production economics; Agricultural policy; Economic situation; Environmental policy 250 NAL Call. No.: S79.E3 no.364 Some contrasts in the levels of living of women engaged in farm, textile mill, and garment plant work. Dickins, Dorothy State College, Miss. : Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1941. 53 p. : map ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 364). Language: English; English Descriptors: Women; Employment; Mississippi; Wages; Women; Mississippi 251 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Some recent findings on the economic contributions of farm women. Maret, E.; Copp, J.H. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1982 Mar. The Rural sociologist v. 2 (2): p. 112-115; 1982 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Farmers; Farm income 252 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 F66C South Florida farm and agribusiness women. Gladwin, C.H. Gainesville, Fla. : The Service; 1989. Circular - Florida Cooperative Extension Service (835): 9 p. ill; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Florida; Women; Agribusiness; Nurseries; Computer software 253 NAL Call. No.: S530.J6 Strategies for success in academe. Logan, T.J. Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1989. Journal of agronomic education v. 18 (2): p. 75-80; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural colleges; Personnel; Trends; Change; Agronomy; Women; Minorities; Research 254 NAL Call. No.: QE1.G38 Strengthening rural women producers in Darfur Region; constraints and opportunities. Holcombe, S.H. Dordrecht : D. Reidel Publishing Company; 1987 Jan. GeoJournal v. 14 (1): p. 19-28; 1987 Jan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Sudan; Rural women; Agricultural crises; Famine; Food production; Rehabilitation; Domestic gardens; Rural sociology; Rural development 255 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Struggles over land and crops in an irrigated rice scheme: the Gambia. Carney, J.A. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1988. Agriculture, women, and land : the African experience / edited by Jean Davison. p. 59-78. maps; 1988. (Westview special studies on Africa). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Gambia; Oryza sativa; Agricultural production; Land ownership; Rural women; Irrigated farming; Resource allocation; Production structure; Right of access 256 NAL Call. No.: HD1493.N5R83 Struggling for survival workers, women, and class on a Nicaraguan state farm. Ruchwarger, Gary Boulder : Westview Press,; 1989. ix, 128 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. (Development, conflict, and social change series). Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: State farms; Nicaragua; Case studies; Agricultural laborers; Nicaragua; Case studies; Women in agriculture; Nicaragua; Case studies; Social classes; Nicaragua; Case studies 257 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Subsistence agriculture versus cash cropping--the social repercussions. Rennie, S.J. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 5-9; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Tonga; Solomon Islands; Women; Cash crops; Subsistence farming; Land ownership; Right of access; Nutritional state; Time allocation; Woman's status; Credit 258 NAL Call. No.: Audiocassette no.14 Supermates] the farm wife key to success and happiness.. The farm wife: key to success and happiness Drache, Hiram; Brantley, Bill W. Des Moines, Iowa : Bill Brantley & Assoc; 1982. 1 sound cassette (62 min.) : 1 7/8 ips, mono. Language: English Descriptors: Farmers' wives--Northwestern States--History; Women in agriculture--Northwestern States--History; Farm management--Northwestern States--History; Farms--Northwestern States--History; Agriculture--Northwestern States--History 259 NAL Call. No.: aTX326.A1U5 Survey of American farm women. Hyattsville : The Service; 1982 Jun. Family economics review - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (3): p. 9-10; 1982 Jun. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Farm workers; Surveys; Work sharing; Farm results; Farm management; Housewives; Female labor 260 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Systems of knowledge as systems of domination: the limitations of established meaning. Cashman, K. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, University of Florida; 1991. Agriculture and human values v. 8 (1/2): p. 49-58; 1991. In the series analytic: Indigenous agricultural knowledge systems and development / edited by D.M. Warren. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nigeria; Africa south of sahara; Woman's status; Division of labor; Agricultural development; Alley cropping; Indigenous knowledge; Languages 261 NAL Call. No.: HD1417.R66 The target group: women in rural Bangladesh. McCarthy, F. Rutherford, N.J. : Fairleigh Dickinson University Press; 1984. Room for manoeuvre : an exploration of public policy planning in agricultural and rural development / edited by E.J. Clay and B.B. Schaffer. p. 49-58; 1984. Language: English Descriptors: Bangladesh; Developing countries; Government organizations; Female labor; Rural areas; Agriculture 262 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Technological domains of women in mixed farming systems of Andean peasant communities. Fernandez, M.E. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 213-221; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Peru; Mixed farming; Division of labor; Woman's status; Family labor; Decision making 263 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Technological infusion and employment conditions of women in rice cultivation areas. Acharya, S.; Patkar, P. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 287-305; 1983. Includes 19 references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Female labor; Rice; Farming; Household surveys; Wages 264 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Technology and the demand for women's labor in Asian rice farming. Unnevehr, L.J.; Stanford, M.L. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 1-20; 1983. Literature review. Includes 29 references. Language: English Descriptors: Asia; Developing countries; Developing countries; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Labor requirements; Technology; Employed women 265 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.I5B38 Technology, women, and farming systems. Baser, Heather Ames, Iowa, USA : Technology and Social Change Program, Iowa State University,; 1988. 26 leaves ; 28 cm. (Studies in technology and social change series, no. 5). Bibliography: leaves 22-26. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture; Africa; Technology transfer; Women farmers; Africa; Effect of technological innovations on; Agricultural extension work; Africa; Agricultural systems; Africa 266 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Theoretical issues of women's non-agricultural employment in rural areas, with illustrations from the U.K. Little, J. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 99-105; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Uk; Rural women; Labor market; Rural areas; Participation; Off-farm employment; Role perception 267 NAL Call. No.: 100 V59 no.530 Time expenditures on homemaking activities in 183 Vermont farm homes. Muse, Marianne, Burlington, Vermont : Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Vermont and State Agricultural College,; 1946. 72 p. : ill., map, plans ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station ; 530). Language: English; English Descriptors: Home economics, Rural; Vermont; Farmers' wives; Vermont; Time management 268 NAL Call. No.: 275.8 AG8 A time to increase management level minorities. Reed, W.D.; Flores, B. Henry, Ill. : Agricultural Education Magazine, Inc; 1987 Dec. The Agricultural education magazine v. 60 (6): p. 15-17. ill; 1987 Dec. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Minorities; Students; Ethnicity; Women; Agricultural education; Vocational training 269 NAL Call. No.: QH193.N4N46 1986 A time- allocation study of women's agricultural work in Salme. Panter- Brick, C. Naini Tal, India : Himalayan Research Group; 1986. Nepal Himalaya : geo-ecological perspectives / editor, S.C. Joshi, co-editors, Martin J. Haigh ... [et al.].. p. 223-238; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nepal; Rural women; Rural communities; Rural sociology; Time allocation; Work studies; Agriculture 270 NAL Call. No.: 101 AL1A Today's Aggie: Who is she and what is she learning?. Vicars, M. Edmonton : The Faculty; 1987. Agriculture & forestry bulletin - Alberta University. Faculty of Extension v. 10 (3): p. 7-10. ill; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Alberta; Agricultural education; Women; Students; Graduate study; Curriculum 271 NAL Call. No.: HD9490.5.P34T7 Traditional palm oil processing women's role and the application of appropriate technology. King-Akerele, Olubanke United Nations, Economic Commission for Africa Addis Ababa, Ethiopia : United Nations, Economic Commission for Africa,; 1983. v, 52 p. ; 27 cm.. (Research series (African Training and Research Centre for Women) ; 82/02.). At head of title: United Nations, Economic Commission for Africa, 1983. "Prepared by Olubanke King-Akerele"--p.ii. Language: English; English Descriptors: Palm-oil industry; Sierra Leone; Technological innovations; Palm-oil industry; Ivory Coast; Technological innovations; Palm-oil industry; Cameroon; Technological innovations; Women agricultural laborers; Africa; Women in agriculture; Africa 272 NAL Call. No.: HC59.7.A1W6 The training and visit agricultural extension in rainfed agriculture: lessons from Ethiopia. Dejene, A. Elmsford : Pergamon Press; 1989 Oct. World development v. 17 (10): p. 1647-1659; 1989 Oct. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ethiopia; Rain-fed farming; Extension activities; Program evaluation; Models; Technical training; Visitors; Innovation adoption; Rural women 273 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292I48 Tribal women in agriculture. Waghmare, Sevakram K.,; Chaudhari, N. V. New Delhi : Metropolitan,; 1989. x, 132 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Study based on data collected from The Dangs District, Gujarat, during July-August 1988. Includes bibliographical references (p. [124]-132). Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; India; Dangs; Tribes; India; Dangs 274 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Uncaptured or unmotivated? Women and the food crisis in Africa. Staudt, K. Bozeman : Rural Sociological Society, Montana State University; 1987. Rural sociology v. 52 (1): p. 37-55; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Africa; Food supply; Agricultural development; Incentives; Manpower; Employed women; Labor relations 275 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 The underemployment of American rural women: prevalence, trends and spatial inequality. Lichter, D.T. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1989. Journal of rural studies v. 5 (2): p. 199-208; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Underemployment; Trends; Labor market; Employed women; Sex differences; Poverty; Working hours; Wage rates; Unemployment; Part time employment; Off- farm employment 276 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 The underside of development: agricultural development and women in Zambia. Spring, A.; Hansen, A. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (1): p. 60-67; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Zambia; Women; Agricultural development; Economic systems; Agricultural products 277 NAL Call. No.: GN476.I5 Underutilization of women's indigenous knowledge in agricultural and rural development programs: the effect of stereotypes. Awa, N.E. Ames, Iowa : Technology and Social Change Program, Iowa State University; 1989. Indigenous knowledge systems : implications for agriculture and international development / edited by D. Michael Warren, L. Jan Slikkerveer, S. Oguntunji Titilola. p. 3-9; 1989. (Studies in technology and social change series, 0896-1905 ; no. 11). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Rural women; Rural sociology; Rural development; Knowledge level; Agricultural development; Traditional technology 278 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 U.S. farm women, politics and policy. Haney, W.G.; Miller, L.C. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 115-121; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Organizations; Political power; Agricultural policy; Participation; Case studies 279 NAL Call. No.: 100 Id1 no.146 The use of time by farm women. Crawford, Ina Z. Moscow, Idaho : University of Idaho, Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1927. 14 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 146). Language: English Descriptors: Farmers' wives; Time management 280 NAL Call. No.: S539.7.U75 The users' perspective in international and national agricultural research a background document prepared for a CGIAR Inter-Center Seminar on Women and Agricultural Technology, March 25-29, 1985, Bellagio, Italy. International Service for National Agricultural Research CGIAR Inter-Center Seminar on Women and Agricultural Technology 1985 : Bellagio, Italy. The Hague, The Netherlands : International Service for National Agricultural Research, [1985?]; 1985. ii, 264 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture; Research; Congresses; Women in agriculture; Congresses 281 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 C16 Value of household and farm work: evidence from Alberta farm family data. Fast, J.E.; Munro, B. Ottawa : Canadian Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Society; 1991 Mar. Canadian journal of agricultural economics; Revue Canadienne d'economie rurale v. 39 (1): p. 137-150; 1991 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alberta; Women; Men; Family labor; Housework; Farm workers; Farm families; Value theory; Wage rates; Time allocation 282 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Values and goals of Florida farm women: do they help the family farm survive?. Gladwin, C.H. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (1): p. 40-47; 1985. Includes 28 references. Language: English Descriptors: Florida; Women; Family farms; Farmers 283 NAL Call. No.: HQ1421.T46 We didn't have much, but we sure had plenty rural women in their own words. Thomas, Sherry New York : Anchor Books,; 1989. xviii, 174 p. ; 21 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; United States; Biography; Women farmers; United States; Biography; Farm life; United States; History 284 NAL Call. No.: 100 OR3OR Whack to the future. Curtin, E. Corvallis, Or. : The Station; 1987. Oregon's agricultural progress - Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station v. 34/35 (4/1): p. 20-22. ill; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Farms; Rural women; Housework; Working hours; Child care 285 NAL Call. No.: S79.E3 no.346 What the farm woman can do to improve the economic status of her family. Dickins, Dorothy State College, Miss. : Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station,; 1940. 18 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Bulletin / Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 346). Language: English; English Descriptors: Home economics; Mississippi 286 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 What work is real? Changing roles of farm and ranch wives in south- eastern Ohio. Fink, V.S. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 17-22; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ohio; Rural women; Farm families; Role perception; Age groups; Division of labor; History 287 NAL Call. No.: 100 M668 When is women's work done?. Lewis, A.G. St. Paul, Minn. : The Station; 1991. Minnesota science - Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Minnesota v. 46 (3): p. 1; 1991. Language: English Descriptors: Minnesota; Farms; Female labor; Rural communities; Woman's status 288 NAL Call. No.: 6 F2212 When Mom's the teacher. Seim, D. Philadelphia, Pa. : The Journal; 1989 Aug. Farm journal v. 113 (10): p. 34-35. ill; 1989 Aug. Language: English Descriptors: Farm families; Education; Teaching methods; Rural youth; Rural women 289 NAL Call. No.: 275.28 J82 Who nurtures the nurturer?. Harmelink, R.I. Madison : Extension Journal; 1987. Journal of extension v. 25: p. 18-20; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Iowa; Rural women; Farm surveys; Interviews; Stress; Extension; Role perception 290 NAL Call. No.: 275.28 J82 Who nurtures the nurturer? Special needs of farm women. Harmelink, R.I. Madison, Wis. : Extension Journal; 1987. Journal of extension v. 25: p. 18-20; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Rural women; Farm families; Role conflicts; Stress; Cooperative extension service; Needs assessment 291 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A43 Who owns what? Land registration and tensions in gender relations of production in Kenya. Davison, J. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1988. Agriculture, women, and land : the African experience / edited by Jean Davison. p. 157-176; 1988. (Westview special studies on Africa). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Kenya; Land ownership; Agricultural production; Right of access; Rural women; Land use; Land tenure; Marriage; Woman's status 292 NAL Call. No.: HQ1.I53 Wife's agricultural work and decision involvement as related to marital satisfaction in Wisconsin farm families. Linn, J.G.; Wilkening, E.A.; Husaini, B.A. New Delhi : Prints India; 1986. International journal of sociology of the family v. 16 (2): p. 327-346; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Farm families; Female labor; Marital interaction; Decision making 293 NAL Call. No.: 100 AL1H Wife's off-farm employment affects marital relationships. Smith, C.W. Auburn, Ala. : The Station; 1988. Highlights of agricultural research - Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station v. 35 (2): p. 9. ill; 1988. Language: English Descriptors: Alabama; Employed women; Off-farm employment; Marital interaction; Role conflicts 294 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Wives at work: patterns of labor force participation in two rice-farming villages in the Philippines. Illo, J.F.I. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 71-89; 1983. Includes 8 references. Language: English Descriptors: Philippines; Family farms; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Woman's status; Mechanization 295 NAL Call. No.: TX1.H63 Wives employed off the farm: impact on lifestyle satisfaction. Knaub, P.K.; Draughn, P.S.; Wozniak, P.; Little, L.F.; Smith, C.; Weeks, O. Washington, D.C. : American Home Economics Association; 1988 Sep. Home economics research journal v. 17 (1): p. 36-46; 1988 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; South eastern states of U.S.A.; Off-farm employment; Employed women; Life style; Quality of life; Farm families; Parenthood; Sex differences; Statistical analysis Abstract: Lifestyle satisfaction was examined in a seven- state survey investigating the effects of off-farm employment on farm families. Factor analysis determined that two factors identified as equity and financial security were dimensions of lifestyle satisfaction; and, for those who were parents, parenthood satisfaction formed a third dimension. A repeated measures analysis of variance on overall lifestyle satisfaction and on each underlying dimension determined that regardless of wives' employment status, wives were more satisfied with life overall than husbands; wives were less satisfied than husbands with equity; and husbands were more satisfied with financial security than wives. The effects of husband and wife ages, type of farm organization, farm size, and presence of children at home were also investigated. Results suggest that employment of the farm wife in an off- farm job has a different impact on men and women. Women's off-farm employment appears to impact women's lifestyle satisfaction more than men's. 296 NAL Call. No.: HQ1.J86 Wives' off-farm employment, farm family economic status, and family relationships. Godwin, D.D.; Draughn, P.S.; Little, L.F.; Marlowe, J. Minneapolis, Minn. : National Council on Family Relations; 1991 May. Journal of marriage and the family v. 53 (2): p. 389-402; 1991 May. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Farm families; Employed women; Socioeconomic status; Family life; Relationships; Household income; Farm indebtedness; Marriage; Social adjustment Abstract: This study examines farm families with and without an employed wife on multiple dimensions of their economic and relationship status and functioning. Data from 1,067 farm spouses in seven states on such diverse indicators as income, debt load, savings, productive work, dyadic adjustment, and life satisfaction are analyzed in a multivariate framework. MANCOVA results reveal that both economic and relationship factors differentiate between the two groups of farm families. Compared to families with nonemployed wives, families with employed wives have higher debt loads, wives who work longer hours in all production (paid work, farm production, and household production), wives who are less satisfied with their marital relationships, and husbands with lower levels of life satisfaction. Future work is needed to discern the conditions under which farm wives' employment can result in more positive outcomes for women and their families. 297 NAL Call. No.: Audiocassette no.180 Woman to woman Wendy Stivers.. 1989 NAE4-HA Annual Conference Woman to woman; mentoring in the extension system Stivers, Wendy National Association of Extension 4-H Agents, Conference_1989 :_Mobile, Ala.),Spectra Photo/Audio (Firm) Stacy, MN : Spectra Photo/Audio, [1989?]; 1989. 2 sound cassettes (ca. 180 min.). Presented at the 43rd Annual Conference of the National Association of Extension 4-H Agents, Mobile, Alabama, Nov. 5-9, 1989. 1989 NAE4-HA Annual Conference. Title in program book: Woman to woman: mentoring in the extension system. 414-T18A; 414-T18B. Language: English Descriptors: Mentors in the professions; Congresses; 4-H clubs; Congresses; Women agricultural extension workers; Congresses; Home economics extension workers; Congresses Abstract: Women as resources for change in administration/management are often overlooked in the Cooperative Extension System. Research statistics show that Extension continues to be highly dominated by male managers. In this session, a panel of women Extension managerswill provide information to 4-H professionals on educational and career planning for management and administrative positions in Cooperative Extension. Managers/administrators will be from county, district, state, and national levels. Participants will network and discuss the mentoring process. 298 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 The woman's program of the Gambian mixed farming project. Norem, M.; Russo, S.; Sambou, M.; Marlett, M. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 303-313; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Gambia; Mixed farming; Development projects; Rural women; Female labor; Societies; Demonstrations; Extension activities 299 NAL Call. No.: 6 IO9 Women: a harvest of ag talent. Dudden, S. Ames, Iowa : Iowa State University; 1985. Iowa agriculturist v. 86 (2): p. 14-15. ill; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Farming; Woman's status 300 NAL Call. No.: HD6189.T97 Women agricultural labourers: Regional variations in incidents and employment. Sen, G. New Delhi : Shakti Books; 1985. Tyranny of the household : investigative essays on women's work / edited by Devaki Jain, Nirmala Banerjee. p. 125-145; 1985. Includes statistical data. Language: English Descriptors: Andhra pradesh; Tamil nadu; Maharashtra; Rural women; Agricultural manpower; Poverty; Unemployment; Woman's status; Economic analysis 301 NAL Call. No.: Z7963.E7A6 Women, agriculture, and rural development in Latin America. Ashby, Jacqueline A.; Gomez, Stella International Fertilizer Development Center, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical Cali, Colombia : Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical ; Muscle Shoals, Alabama : International Fertilizer Development Center,; 1985. v, 171 p. ; 23 cm. December, 1985. Includes the author's Women and agricultural technology in Latin America and the Caribbean, background document prepared for the CGIAR Intercenter Seminar on Women and Agricultural Technology held at. Includes indexes. Bibliography: p. 34-37. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Latin America; Bibliography; Women in rural development; Latin America; Bibliography; Agriculture; Latin America; Technology transfer; Bibliography; Rural women; Latin America; Bibliography 302 NAL Call. No.: SB191.R5I3 Women and agricultural progress. Chandrasekhar, M. Manila, Phillippines : International Rice Research Institute; 1985. Impact of science on rice. p. 247-251; 1985. Paper presented at the "Multilevel Symposium on Rice Research: Accomplishments and Challenges", June 5-8, 1985, Manila, Philippines. Language: English Descriptors: India; Agricultural development; Woman's status; Female labor 303 NAL Call. No.: S539.7.C4 1985 Women and agricultural technology relevance for research : report from the CGIAR Inter-Center Seminar on Women and Agricultural Technology, Bellagio, Italy, 25 to 29 March 1985. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, International Service for National Agricultural Research, Rockefeller Foundation CGIAR Inter-Center Seminar on women and Agricultural Technology 1985 : Bellagio, Italy. New York, N.Y. : The Rockefeller Foundation ; The Hague, Netherlands : International Service for National Agricultural Research,; 1985. 2 v. : ill. ; 30 cm. At head of title: Report of a seminar. Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Congresses; Agriculture; Congresses; Agriculture; Research; Congresses 304 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Women and agriculture. Flora, C.B. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (1): p. 5-12; 1985. Includes 13 references. Language: English Descriptors: Women; Agriculture; Agricultural households; Family farming; Plantations 305 NAL Call. No.: HC59.7.A1J6 Women and development in northern Belize. Brockmann, C.T. Macomb : Western Illinois University Press; 1985 Jul. The Journal of developing areas v. 19 (4): p. 501-513. maps; 1985 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Belize; Saccharum; Sugarcane; Agricultural development; Women; Sociology of work; Political attitudes 306 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292U56 Women and farming changing roles, changing structures. Haney, Wava G.; Knowles, Jane B. National Conference on American Farm Women in Historical Perspective 2nd : 1986 : Madison, Wis. Boulder : Westview Press,; 1988. xiv, 390 p. ; 22 cm. (Rural studies series of the Rural Sociological Society). "[Papers from] the Second National Conference on American Farm Women in Historical Perspective, held in Madison, Wisconsin, on October 16-18, 1986"--Pref. Includes bibliographies and index. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; United States; Congresses 307 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A29W65 Women and food production. Canadian International Development Agency S.l. : Canadian International Development Agency,; 1985. 3 p. ; 28 cm. (Women in development = Les femmes dans le developpement). Cover title. October 1985. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Women agricultural laborers 308 NAL Call. No.: TX360.I4W67 1981 Women and food World Food Day Seminar and Exhibition, October 16 and 17, 1981 : report and recommendations. All India Women's Conference World Food Day Seminar and Exhibition 1981 : New Delhi, India. New Delhi : All India Women's Conference, [1981?]; 1981. 42 p. ; 28 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Women; India; Nutrition; Nutrition policy; India; Women agricultural laborers; India 309 NAL Call. No.: HC10.S63 Women and livestock, fodder, and uncultivated land in Pakistan: a summary of role responsibilities. Carpenter, C. New York : Taylor & Francis; 1991 Jan. Society & natural resources v. 4 (1): p. 65-79; 1991 Jan. In the series analytic: Women and natural resources in developing countries / edited by N.L. Peluso. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pakistan; Rural women; Animal husbandry; Uncultivated ground; Division of labor; Rain; Irrigated farming; Models; Animal manures 310 NAL Call. No.: HC10.S63 Women and natural resources in developing countries. Peluso, N.L. (ed.) New York : Taylor & Francis; 1991 Jan. Society & natural resources v. 4 (1): 102 p.; 1991 Jan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Rural women; Natural resources; Irrigation; Forestry; Farming 311 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Women and rural development in Pakistan. Rahman, M. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Journals; 1987. Journal of rural studies v. 3 (3): p. 247-253. ill., maps; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pakistan; Rural women; Rural development; Woman's status; Agriculture; Role perception; Cultural influences 312 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women and the modernization of rice agriculture: some general issues and a Javanese case study. White, B. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 119-148; 1983. Literature review. Includes 49 references. Language: English Descriptors: Java; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Family farms; Wages 313 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Women and the rationalisation of smallholder agriculture. Doorenbos, J.; Haverkort, B.; Jiggins, J. Barking, Essex : Elsevier Applied Science; 1988. Agricultural administration and extension v. 28 (2): p. 101-112; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Rural women; Agricultural policy; Small farms; Roles; Participation; Attitudes; Extension education; Seminars; Workshops; Rationalization 314 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Women and the reproduction of family farms: change and continuity in the region of Thessaly, Greece. Gourdomichalis, A. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 57-62; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Greece; Rural women; Family farms; Farm workers; Labor market; Agricultural production; Household consumption; Marketing; Socialization; Farm surveys 315 NAL Call. No.: LB1025.I4 Women and work: an international perspective. Wilk, J. Champaign, Ill. : Home Economics Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; 1988 Sep. Illinois teacher of home economics v. 32 (1): p. 36-38; 1988 Sep. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Developing countries; Employed women; Division of labor; Productivity; Agricultural manpower; Female labor; Rural women; Woman's status; Management; Cottage industries; Family problems 316 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Women as farm labor. Reimer, B. Bozeman : The University of Kentucky; 1986. Rural sociology v. 51 (2): p. 143-155; 1986. Includes 30 references. Language: English Descriptors: Quebec; Female labor; Rural women; Farmers' attitudes; Farm management 317 NAL Call. No.: HC10.S63 Women as rice sharecroppers in Madagascar. Jarosz, L. New York : Taylor & Francis; 1991 Jan. Society & natural resources v. 4 (1): p. 55-63; 1991 Jan. In the series analytic: Women and natural resources in developing countries / edited by N.L. Peluso. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Madagascar; Rice; Sharecropping; Rural women; Crop production; Resources; Access; Farm workers; Land ownership; Females; Heads of families; Agricultural households; Case studies 318 NAL Call. No.: HD1405.I48 Women as stewards of natural resources and sustainable agriculture. Drake, S. Walthill, Neb. : World Agriculture Project, Center for Rural Affairs; 1989. The portable symposium : an educ resour on int agric trade and dev for farm, church, and rural community groups : proc from the International Agric Trade and Development Symp, June 29-July 1, 1989, St. John Univ., MN. p. 38-43; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: Natural resources; Agriculture; Sustainability; Roles; Women 319 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 Women, development, and the state in rural Ecuador. Phillips, L. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 105-123; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ecuador; Rural women; Agricultural production; Division of labor; Woman's status 320 NAL Call. No.: HD1431.F64 Women, development, equity, and efficiency: in pursuit of constrained bliss. Cloud, K. Morrilton, AR : Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development; 1989 Jan. Food, hunger, and agricultural issues : proceedings of a colloquium on future U.S. development assistance held at Winrock International Conference Center on Feb 17-19, 1988 / edited by Deborah Clubb and Polly C. Ligon. p. 155-165; 1989 Jan. (Development education series). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Rural women; Agricultural development; Human resources; Division of labor 321 NAL Call. No.: HT1096.M34 Women field workers in Jamaica during slavery. Mair, Lucille Mathurin Mona, Jamaica : Dept. of History, University of the West Indies,; 1987. 14 p. ; 24 cm. (Elsa Goveia memorial lecture ; 1986). Bibliography: p. 13-14. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women slaves; Jamaica; History; Women agricultural laborers; Jamaica; History; Women, Black; Jamaica; History 322 NAL Call. No.: HC800.C7 Women, food and rural development. Weekes-Vagliani, W. Paris : Development Centre of the Organ for Economic Cooperation & Development; 1985. Crisis and recovery in Sub-Saharan Africa / edited by Tore Rose. p. 104-110; 1985. (Development Centre seminars). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Africa south of sahara; Upper volta; Mali; Rural development; Woman's status; Development projects; Food production; Subsistence farming; Infrastructure; Agricultural policy 323 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95G46 Women in a crop-livestock farming systems project in Santa Barbara, Pangasinan, Philippines. Paris, T.R. Boulder : Westview Press; 1988. Gender issues in farming systems research and extension / edited by Susan Poats, Marianne Schmink, and Anita Spring. p. 269-286; 1988. (Westview special studies in agricultural science and policy). An international conference hosted by the Women in Agricultural Development Program, February 26- March 1, 1986, University of Florida. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Philippines; Farming systems; Crop enterprises; Livestock enterprises; Female labor; Sex differences; Division of labor; Information dissemination; Extension activities 324 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Women in African development: remarks on accepting the Distinguished Service to Rural Life Award. Tinker, I. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1985 Sep. The Rural sociologist v. 5 (5): p. 358-362; 1985 Sep. Language: English Descriptors: Africa; Rural women; Woman's status; Subsistence farming 325 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women in African rice farming systems. Dey, J. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 419-444; 1983. Includes 12 references. Language: English Descriptors: Africa; Rice; Farming systems; Female labor; Division of labor 326 NAL Call. No.: 100 IL64 Women in agricultural development. Due, J.M.; Peterson, J.T. Urbana, Ill. : The Station; 1985. Illinois research - Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station v. 27 (1): p. 22-24. ill; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Agricultural production; Division of labor; Traditions; Culture (civilization); Woman's status; Rural women 327 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292D4486 1990 Women in agricultural development FAO's plan of action. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome : FAO,; 1990. 41 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture 328 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Women in agriculture, 1979-July 1987. Rafats, J. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1987 Oct. Quick bibliography series - National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (88-09): 24 p.; 1987 Oct. Updates QB 84-64. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Agriculture; Farming; Woman's status 329 NAL Call. No.: HD1775.S8E262 no.91-5 Women in agriculture balancing family and farm : summary of the 1991 conference. Lafferty, Rebecca S.; Pflueger, Burton South Dakota State University, Economics Dept Brookings, S.D. : Economics Dept., South Dakota State University,; 1991. 21 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Economics staff paper series ; no. 91-5). April 1991. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women in agriculture 330 NAL Call. No.: HD1775.S8E262 no.90-3 Women in agriculture challenging the future : summary of the 1990 conference. Pflueger, Burton; Lafferty, Rebecca South Dakota State University, Economics Dept Brookings, S.D. : Economics Dept., South Dakota State University,; 1990. 18, [23] p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Economics staff paper series ; no. 90-3). July 1990. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Women farmers 331 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Women in agriculture: January 1979 - July 1991. Gates, J.P. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1991 Sep. Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (91-150): 51 p.; 1991 Sep. Updates QB 89-38. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Women; Agriculture; Farming; Bibliographies 332 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Women in agriculture January 1979-October 1988. Rafats, J. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1989 Mar. Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculure, National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (89-38): 29 p.; 1989 Mar. Updates QB 88-09. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture; Women 333 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.81 Women in agriculture produced by Lynn Wyvill. Wyvill, Lynn United States, Dept. of Agriculture Virginia? : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, [1985?]; 1985. 1 videocassette (18 min.) : sd., col. ; 3/4 in. Five part series sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture; United States; Women in agriculture; United States 334 NAL Call. No.: HD1761.A1M5 no.87-32 Women in agriculture the U.S. experience. Kinsey, Jean University of Minnesota, Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics St. Paul, Minn. : Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Minnesota,; 1987. 29, [6] p. ; 28 cm. (Staff paper P ; 87-32). October 1987. Presented at a conference on Women in Agriculture, Muresk Institute of Agriculture, Northam, Western Australia, September 24, 1987. Bibliography: p. 27-29. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; United States 335 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Women in agriculture. A selection of papers presented at a workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology held in Bologna, Italy, in July 1988. Darque, M.B. (ed.); Gasson, R. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): 141 p.; 1991. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Rural society; Employed women; Woman's status; Family farms; Role perception; Agricultural production 336 NAL Call. No.: Z7963.E7W45 Women in American farming a list of references. Whitehead, Vivian B. United States, Agriculture and Rural History Branch, University of California, Davis, Agricultural History Center Davis, Calif. : Agricultural History Center, University of California, Davis,; 1987. [iii], 104 leaves ; 28 cm. "A cooperative project by the Agriculture and Rural History Branch, Agriculture and Economics Division, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Agricultural History Center"--Leaf [iii]. Revision of: Women in American agriculture : a select bibliography. [Washington? D.C.] : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, [1977]. June 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Women farmers; Women agriculturists; Women agricultural engineers; Women agricultural laborers; Farmers' wives 337 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292C73 Women in Andean agriculture peasant production and rural wage employment in Colombia and Peru. Deere, Carmen Diana; Leon de Leal, Magdalena Geneva : International Labour Office,; 1982. xii, 172 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.. (Women, work, and development, 4). Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Colombia; Women in agriculture; Peru; Women in agriculture; Andes 338 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 P942 Women in farm organizations. Baquet, G. Tuskegee, Ala. : Tuskegee University; 1989. Proceedings of the ... Annual Professional Agricultural Workers Conference (47th): p. 87-89; 1989. In the series analytic: Outreach to the Rural Disadvantaged: issues and strategies for the 21st century / edited by N. Baharanyi, R. Zabawa, W. Hill. Meeting held December 3-5, 1989, Tuskegee, Alabama. Language: English Descriptors: Women; Farmers' associations; Participation 339 NAL Call. No.: SD387.F6W6 Women in natural resources for professionals in forestry, wildlife, range, fisheries, recreation and related environmental and social sciences. Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory of Anthropology Moscow, Idaho : Bowers Laboratory,; 198?-9999. v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm. Description based on: Vol. 9, no. 2 (Spring 1987?); title from cover. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women; Employment; Periodicals; Agriculture; Vocational guidance; Periodicals; Forests and forestry; Vocational guidance; Periodicals; Fisheries; Vocational guidance; Periodicals 340 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women in rice farming proceedings of a conference on women in rice farming systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. International Rice Research Institute Aldershot, Hants, England ; Brookfield, Vt. : Gower; 1985. xxxiv, 531 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. Includes bibliographies. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women rice workers--Developing countries-- Congresses 341 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women in rice farming systems in Bangladesh and how technology programs can reach them. Abdullah, T. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 209-220; 1983. Includes 10 references. Language: English Descriptors: Bangladesh; Rice; Farming systems; Technology; Female labor 342 NAL Call. No.: HA631.5.N48 Women in South Dakota. Brookings, S.D. : The Station; 1987 Feb. Newsletter - Department of Rural Sociology, Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University v. 1 (7): 5 p. maps; 1987 Feb. Includes statistical data. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South Dakota; Employed women; Working population; Poverty; Income distribution; Off-farm employment; Fringe benefits 343 NAL Call. No.: DT365.A2J6 Women in the colonial economy of Bungoma: Role of women in agriculture, 1902-1960. Nasimiyu, R. Nairobi : Faculty of Arts, University of Nairobi; 1985. Journal of Eastern African research and development v. 15: p. 56-73; 1985. Paper presented at an international conference on "Women and Development in Africa," Sept 24/28, 1984, Nairobi, Kenya. Includes 39 references. Language: English Descriptors: Kenya; Woman's status; Rural women; Labor market; Role perception; Coownership; Land tenure; Innovation adoption; Division of labor; Colonialism 344 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women laborers in rice producing villages of Bangladesh. Halim, A.; McCarthy, F.E. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 243-255; 1983. Includes 6 references. Language: English Descriptors: Bangladesh; Rice; Farming; Female labor; Unskilled labor; Family life; Wage rates; Working hours 345 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292D65 The women of Azua work and family in the rural Dominican Republic. Finlay, Barbara New York : Praeger,; 1989. xiv, 190 p., [4] p. of plates : ill. ; 22 cm. Includes index. Bibliography: p. [181]-185. Language: English Descriptors: Azua (Dominican Republic : Province); Rural conditions; Women agricultural workers; Dominican Republic; Azua (Province); Women in rural development; Dominican Republic; Azua (Province); Rural families; Dominican Republic; Azua (Province); Family life surveys; Dominican Republic; Azua (Province); Agricultural processing industries; Dominican Republic; Azua (Province) 346 NAL Call. No.: 100 C12CAG Women on commercial farms. Thompson, O.E.; Gwynn, D.; Sharp, C. Berkeley : The Station; 1985 May. California agriculture - California Agricultural Experiment Station v. 39 (5/6): p. 21-22. ill; 1985 May. Language: English Descriptors: California; Women; Commercial farming; Surveys 347 NAL Call. No.: HQ1240.5.L3R8 Women on the agenda: the cooperative movement in rural Cuba. Stubbs, J.; Alvarez, M. Boulder : Westview Press; 1987. Rural women and state policy : feminist perspectives on Latin American agricultural development / edited by Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon. p. 142-161; 1987. (Series in Political economy and economic development in Latin America). Presented at the Symposium on "Agricultural Development Policy and Rural Women in Latin America: An evaluation of the Decade," July 1985, held in Bogota, Colombia. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Cuba; Rural women; Agrarian reform; Cooperatives; Socialist agriculture; Woman's status; Social services 348 NAL Call. No.: 6 W55 Women on the farm: their work is vital. Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1984 Nov. Crops and soils magazine v. 37 (2): p. 10-11. ill; 1984 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Farm workers; Roles 349 NAL Call. No.: HD1690.M3S9 1988 Women participation in rural environment., 1st ed.. Swarnkar, G. P., Allahabad, India : Chugh Publications,; 1988. xi, 136 p. : maps ; 23 cm. Includes index. Bibliography: p. [121]-134. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; India; Madhya Pradesh; Social conditions; Women in rural development; India; Madhya Pradesh; Rural women; India; Madhya Pradesh; Economic conditions; Women agricultural laborers; India; Madhya Pradesh 350 NAL Call. No.: DT365.A2J6 Women, the law and convention: a Ugandan perspective. Maitum, M.I.D.I.E. Nairobi : Faculty of Arts, University of Nairobi; 1985. Journal of Eastern African research and development v. 15: p. 151-164; 1985. Paper presented at an international conference on "Women and Development in Africa," Sept 24/28, 1984, Nairobi, Kenya. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Uganda; Rural women; Agricultural development; Civil law; Land ownership; Family life; Educational opportunities; Division of labor; Marriage; Employed women 351 NAL Call. No.: DT19.9.C2C3 Women: the neglected human resource for African development. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Human Resources Development Division Montreal : Canadian Association of African Studies; 1972. Canadian journal of African studies v. 6 (2): p. 359-370; 1972. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Africa; Women; Woman's status; Economic development; Agricultural development; Female labor; Roles 352 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Women, work and the evolution of agriculture. Shaver, F.M. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 37-43; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Quebec; Rural women; Farm families; Agricultural development; Participation; Time allocation; Capitalism; Role perception; Agricultural production; Female labor 353 NAL Call. No.: HD1535.S38F37 Women workers, 1850-1914. Devine, T.M. Edinburgh : J. Donald; 1984. Farm servants and labour in lowland Scotland, 1770-1914 / edited by T.M. Devine. p. 98-123; 1984. Includes 98 references. Language: English Descriptors: Scotland; Female labor; History; Rural women; Labor requirements; Wages; Crop husbandry; Family farming 354 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.P462W6 R Women workers in Hawaii's pineapple industry.. Women pineapple workers University of Hawaii at Manoa, Ethnic Studies Oral History Project Manoa [Honolulu] : Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, Ethnic Studies Program, University of Hawaii, Manoa; 1979. 2 v. various pagings : ill., ports. ; 29 cm. ... Slightly edited transcriptions of interviews conducted by the Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, University of Hawaii at Manoa. June 1979. Title on spine: Women pineapple workers. Includes bibliographical references and index. Language: English Descriptors: Women--Employment--Hawaii; Women agricultural laborers--Hawaii--Interviews; Cannery workers--Hawaii-- Interviews; Pineapple--Hawaii; Oral history 355 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292S684 Women workers in the Sri Lanka plantation sector an historical and contemporary analysis. Kurian, Rachel Geneva : International Labour Office; 1982. xiv, 138 p. ; 24 cm.. (Women, work, and development, 5). Includes index. Bibliography: p. 130-136. Language: English Descriptors: Women agricultural laborers--Sri Lanka; Plantations--Sri Lanka 356 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women's access to land resources: some observation from East Javanese rural agriculture. Wijaya, H.R. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 171-185; 1983. Includes 22 references. Language: English Descriptors: Java; Rice; Farming; Land ownership; Rural women; Technology; Right of access; Female labor 357 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292B3 Women's contribution to homestead agricultural production systems in Bangladesh. Hussain, Md. Sahadad Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development Comilla, Bangladesh : Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development,; 1988. xiii, 344 p. ; 23 cm. Bibliography: p. [336]-341. Language: English Descriptors: Women agricultural laborers; Bangladesh 358 NAL Call. No.: S401.A45 Women's contribution to the survival of the family farm. Downie, M. Gainesville, Fla. : The Program, [1983?]; 1983. Agriculture, change and human values : proceedings, multidisciplinary conference [Oct 18-21, 1982] / edited by R. Haynes, R. Lanier ; sponsored by University of Florida, Humanities and Agriculture Pro. p. v. 1 p. 296-316; 1983. Includes 68 references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Family farms; Women; Farm management; Female labor; Farm inputs; Farm families 359 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.F32Z339 Women's contributions to farming systems and household income in Zambia. Due, Jean M. East Lansing, MI, USA (202 International Center, East Lansing 48824-1035) : Women in International Development, Michigan State University,; 1985. 29 p. : map ; 29 cm.. (Working paper (Michigan State University. Office of Women in International Development ; 5.). Bibliography: p. 29. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Zambia; Farm income; Zambia 360 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Women's decision-making role in small ruminant production: the conflicting views of husbands and wives. Wahyuni, S.; Knipscheer, H.C.; Gaylord, M. Barking, Essex : Elsevier Applied Science; 1987. Agricultural administration and extension v. 24 (2): p. 91-98; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Java; Woman's status; Sheep farming; Goat keeping; Decision making; Men; Roles; Farm surveys; Rural sociology 361 NAL Call. No.: HQ1803.F67 Women's involvement in high risk arable agriculture the Botswana case. Fortmann, Louise United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development, United States, International Development Cooperation Agency, Botswana, Ministry of Agriculture Washington, D.C. : Distributed by Office of Women in Development, Agency for International Development, International Development Cooperation Agency,; 1980. 27, [5] p. : 28 cm. "Women in Development"--Cover. "April 1980"-- Cover. Prepared for presentation at Ford Foundation Workshop on Women in Agriculture in Eastern and Southern Africa. Nairobi, 9-11 April, 1980. Bibliography: p. [29-32]. Language: English Descriptors: Women in rural development; Botswana; Women in agriculture; Botswana 362 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women's labor and the technological development of rice cultivation in Japan. Ohki, R. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 55-64; 1983. Language: English Descriptors: Japan; Rice; Farming; Technology; Mechanization; Female labor 363 NAL Call. No.: HT401.J68 Women's off-farm work and gender stratification. Deseran, F.A.; Simpkins, N.R. Elmsford, N.Y. : Pergamon Press; 1991. Journal of rural studies v. 7 (1/2): p. 91-97; 1991. In the series analytic: Women in agriculture / edited by M.B. Darque and R. Gasson. Paper presented at a Workshop at the World Congress for Rural Sociology, July 1988, Bologna, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Louisiana; Rural women; Men; Female labor; Agricultural households; Division of labor; Off-farm employment; Farm families; Farm surveys 364 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292A434 Women's programme in agricultural credit and banking report on Policy- Makers' Workshop on Women's Agricultural Credit and Banking Programmes for Selected Eastern and Southern African Countries, Nairobi, Kenya, 14-17 March 1983. African Regional Agricultural Credit Association, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ford Foundation Policy-Makers' Workshop on Women's Agricultural Credit and Banking Programmes for Selected Eastern and Southern African Countries 1983 : Nairobi, Kenya. Nairobi? : AFRACA, [between 1983 and; 1983-1986. iv, 89 p. ; 30 cm. Bibliography: p. 87-88. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Africa; Congresses; Agricultural credit; Africa; Congresses; Discrimination in consumer credit; Africa; Congresses; Sex discrimination against women; Africa; Congresses 365 NAL Call. No.: HD2117.A33 Women's role and agricultural technology. Kumar, S.K. Baltimore : Published for the Int Food Policy Research Inst [by] Johns Hopkins Univ Press; 1987. Accelerating food production in Sub-Saharan Africa / edited by John W. Mellor, Christopher L. Delgado, Malcolm J. Blackie. p. 135-147; 1987. Paper presented at the "Accelerating Food Production in Sub-Saharan Africa" conference, August 1983, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. Language: English Descriptors: Africa; Agricultural production; Rural women; Division of labor; Technical progress; Labor productivity; Resource allocation 366 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Women's role in farming and agriculture. Rafats, J. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1984 Sep. Quick bibliography series - National Agricultural Library (84-64): 10 p.; 1984 Sep. Updates 83-05. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Women; Agriculture; Farming; Woman's status 367 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.D44A36 Women's role in small farm agriculture. Fortmann, L. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press; 1990. Agroecology and small farm development / editors, Miguel A. Altieri, Susanna B. Hecht. p. 35-43; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Family labor; Family farms; Roles 368 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.R482W6 Women's role in the improvement of rice farming systems in coastal swamplands. Watson, G.A. Aldershot, Hants, England : Gower; 1983. Women in rice farming : proceedings of a conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines, 26-30 September 1983. p. 187-207. maps; 1983. Includes 8 references. Language: English Descriptors: Indonesia; Swamps; Rice; Farming systems; Female labor 369 NAL Call. No.: S544.5.O3L37 Women's roles in South Pacific agriculture Their roles as agricultural extensionist agents. Larcom, Joan Clayton Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A. : Institute of Culture and Communication, East-West Center,; 1987, reprinted 1989. vii leaves, 79 p. : map. ; 28 cm. Bibliography: p. 78-79. Language: English; English Descriptors: Women agricultural extension workers; Oceania 370 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292O3 Women's roles in South Pacific agriculture Traditional, transitional, and modern roles of women with specific focus on Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Western Samoa, and Tonga. Slatter, Claire Institute of Culture and Communication (East-West Center) Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A. : Institute of Culture and Communication, East-West Center,; 1984. v, 55 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. Bibliography: leaves 51-55. Language: English Descriptors: Women in agriculture; Oceania 371 NAL Call. No.: HD6073.A292K47 Women's use of off-farm and boundary lands agroforestry potentials : final report. Wachiira, Kamoji K. International Council for Research in Agroforestry Nairobi, Kenya : International Council for Research in Agroforestry,; 1987. 139 p. ; 30 cm. April 1987. Bibliography: p. 124-126. Language: English Descriptors: Women agricultural laborers; Kenya; Agroforestry; Kenya 372 NAL Call. No.: HD6189.T97 Women's work and discrimination. Banerjee, N. New Delhi : Shakti Books; 1985. Tyranny of the household : investigative essays on women's work / edited by Devaki Jain, Nirmala Banerjee. p. 146-191; 1985. Includes statistical data. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Rural women; Poverty; Agricultural manpower; Woman's status; Unemployment 373 NAL Call. No.: HD6052.W5 Women's work and women agricultural labourers: a study of the Indian census. Sen, G. Calcutta : Indian Statistical Institute; 1985. Women, work, and society / edited by K. Saradamoni. p. 366-390; 1985. Paper presented at the Indian Statistical Institute Golden Jubilee International Symposium on Women, Work, and Society, 1982, New Delhi, India. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: India; Woman's status; Censuses; Female labor; Employed women; Wage rates; Migrant labor; Household income 374 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Women's work in the U.S.: variations by regions. Sachs, C. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, Univ. of Florida; 1985. Agriculture and human values v. 2 (1): p. 31-39; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Women; Agricultural production; Regionalization; Farm workers; Agricultural households 375 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R47 The work of farm women: a Midwestern study. Fassinger, P.A.; Schwarzweller, H.K. Greenwich, Conn. : JAI Press; 1984. Research in rural sociology and development v. 1: p. 37-60; 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Michigan; Rural women; Female labor; Working hours; Roles; Division of labor; Sociological analysis; Off-farm employment 376 NAL Call. No.: S544.5.M274W6 1988 Workshop report of the Workshop on Improving Agricultural Extension and Training Policies for Rural Women in Malawi 11th to 14th October 1988, Capital Hotel, Lilongwe, Malawi. Workshop on Improving Agricultural Extension and Training Policies for Rural Women in Malawi 1988 : Lilongwe, Malawi. Lilongwe : Women's Programme Section, Ministry of Agriculture, [1988?]; 1988. i, 61 p. ; 28 cm. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Women farmers; Malawi; Congresses; Agricultural extension work; Malawi; Congresses; Agricultural extension work; Government policy; Malawi; Congresses 377 NAL Call. No.: HQ1410.W75 Writings of farm women, 1840-1940 an anthology. Fairbanks, Carol,_1935-; Haakenson, Bergine, New York : Garland,; 1990. xvi, 379 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Garland reference library of the humanities ; vol. 1327). Includes bibliographical references and index. Language: English Descriptors: Rural women; Farm life 378 NAL Call. No.: 30.98 AG8 "You may depend she does not eat much idle bread": Mid- Atlantic farm women and their historians. Jensen, J.M. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press; 1987. Agricultural history v. 61 (1): p. 29-46; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Delaware; Maryland; New Jersey; New York; Pennsylvania; History; Culture (civilization); Ethnic groups; Population structure; Rural women; Work studies Author Index Abbott, D. 202 Abd El-Monem, R. 161 Abdullah, T. 341 Acharya, S. 263 Acock, A.C. 193 Adams, J.M. 115 African Regional Agricultural Credit Association, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ford Foundation 364 Agarwal, B. 232 Alberti, A.M. 122 Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory of Anthropology 339 All India Women's Conference 308 Almas, R. 189 Alvarez, M. 347 Arizpe, L. 178 Arnquist, Inez F. 206 Arriagada, I. 238 Arulpragasam, L.C. 57 Arunachalam, Jaya 74 Ashby, Jacqueline A. 301 Asian and Pacific Development Centre, All-China Women's Federation 5 Awa, N.E. 277 Axinn, N.W. 80, 127 Balakrishnan, R. 14 Banerjee, N. 372 Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development 156, 357 Baquet, G. 338 Baser, Heather 265 Basuno, E. 170 Bauder, Ward W. 81 Beckerson, S.A. 44 Berger, Marguerite 22 Bernal, V. 173 Bernier, R.E. 73 Bertrand, A.R. 143 Bhattacharyya, S. 198 Blanc, M. 129 Bodensteiner, L. J. 107 Bokemeier, J. 15 Bokemeier, J.L. 77 Borish, L.J. 85 Botey, C. 178 Bourke, J. 54 Bradbard, M.R. 176 Brantley, Bill 151, 258 Brockmann, C.T. 305 Broussard, K.A. 63 Bruce, R. 20 Bruce, R.L. 184 Burchinal, Lee G. 81 Burton, M.L. 245 Buttel, F.H. 249 Canadian International Development Agency 307 Carney, J.A. 255 Carpenter, C. 309 Cashman, K. 260 Centre technique de cooperation agricole et rurale 150 Chandrasekhar, M. 302 Chaudhari, N. V. 273 Chen, M. 243, 244 Chen-Quan, L. 130 Clark, Marjorie Ruth, 47, 229 Cloud, K. 320 Colfer, C.J.P. 148 Colman, G.P. 191 Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, International Service for National Agricultural Research, Rockefeller Foundation 303 Cook, A.K. 185 Cooper, B.E. 26, 168, 208, 217 Copp, J.H. 251 Corning, S.L. 72 Cotten, J.F. 25 Coughenour, C.M. 45 Covington, S. 158 Cowdrey, Mary Boynton, 39 Coye, M.J. 19 Crawford, Ina Z. 279 Curtin, E. 284 Cushing, Hazel Morton, 88 Danes, S.M. 76 Darque, M.B. (ed.) 335 Davison, J. 162, 163, 291 Davison, Jean, 13 Day, J.C. 143 Deere, C.D. 167 Deere, Carmen Diana 234, 337 Dejene, A. 272 Delancey, Virginia H. 22 Deseran, F.A. 193, 200, 363 Devine, T.M. 353 Dey, J. 325 Dickins, Dorothy 250, 285 Doherty, M. 175, 210 Doorenbos, J. 313 Downen, M.L. 73 Downie, M. 358 Downie, Masuma, 120 Drache, Hiram 151, 258 Drake, S. 318 Draughn, P.S. 141, 181, 182, 295, 296 Dudden, S. 299 Due, J.M. 12, 61, 142, 326 Due, Jean M. 359 Duncan, S.F. 149 Eadie, K.L. 37 Ehlers, T.B. 177 Eisenhauer, Janet 221 Elbert, S. 30 Engberg, L.E. 44 Espinosa, P. 204 Ethiopia, Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia, Ya'Erdata mastababariyara maqwaqwamiya komisen, UNICEF 153 Evans, A. 128 Evenson, R.E. 192 Fairbanks, Carol,1935- 377 Fassinger, P.A. 375 Fast, J.E. 281 Fenster, L. 19 Ferguson, A. 134 Fernandes, Grace 41, 68, 214 Fernandez, M.E. 262 Fink, D. 106 Fink, V.S. 286 Finlay, Barbara 345 Finney, R. 228 Fitzgerald, M. 187 Flora, C.B. 101, 304 Flores, B. 268 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 327 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Unesco, International Labour Organisation 1 Foote, B. 89 Fortmann, L. 64, 367 Fortmann, Louise 361 Funk, U. 164 Gallin, R.S. 134 Garkovich, L. 15 Garkovich, L.E. 77 Garrett, P. 204 Gasson, R. 102, 335 Gates, J.P. 331 Gaylord, M. 360 Gebby, Margaret Dow 91 Geisler, C.C. 37 Gladwin, C.H. 136, 142, 252, 282 Gladwin, Christina H. 120 Gleason, J.E. 48 Godwin, D.D. 93, 94, 296 Gomez, Stella 301 Gould, B.W. 195 Gould, Brian 171 Gourdomichalis, A. 314 Grana, S.J. 160 Grant, L. 6 Gray, Greta 229 Grover, D. 114 Gwynn, D. 38, 90, 346 Gwynn, Douglas 226 Haakenson, Bergine, 377 Halim, A. 344 Haney, W.G. 84, 278 Haney, Wava G. 306 Hansen, A. 276 Hanson, Susan 230 Harmelink, R.I. 289, 290 Haugen, M.S. 189 Havens, A. Eugene 75 Haverkort, B. 313 Heady, Earl Orel,1916- 107 Heagler, A.M. 63 Heckman, John H. 137 Henderson, J.L. 26, 168, 208, 217 Hertsgaard, D. 186 Hewitt, M. 17 Hildebrand, P.E. 219 Hill, F. 99 Hilliard-Clark, J. 31 Hirschmann, D. 174 Holcombe, S.H. 254 Holly, M. 131 Holt, B.A. 7, 211 Homiak, J. 139 Howell, D.L. 17 Howell, Herbert B. 107 Hudgens, R.E. 60 Huffman, W.E. 197 Hurt, R.D. 119 Husain, Saadat 156 Husaini, B.A. 292 Hussain, Md. Sahadad 357 Illo, J.F.I. 294 Institute of Culture and Communication (East-West Center) 370 International Council for Research in Agroforestry 371 International Fertilizer Development Center, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical 301 International Labour Organisation, Advisory Committee on Rural Development 209 International Rice Research Institute 216, 340 International Rice Research Institute, Ford Foundation, International Development Research Centre (Canada) 215 International Service for National Agricultural Research 280 Jackson, Cecile, 157 Jackson, D.K. 40 Jacobs, S. 165 Jain, D. 62 Jarosz, L. 317 Jensen, J.M. 50, 223, 378 Jensen, Joan M. 172 Jiggins, J. 124, 207, 313 Johnson, Lillian H. 28 Jones, C. 179 Kada, R. 35 Kada, Y. 35 Kalbacher, J.Z. 110 Keating, N. 175, 210 Keating, N.C. 212 Keith, J. 70 Kennedy, J.J. 154 Keskinen, S.M. 76 King-Akerele, Olubanke 271 Kinsey, Jean 334 Knaub, P.C. 202 Knaub, P.K. 141, 181, 295 Knipscheer, H.C. 360 Knowles, J. 241 Knowles, Jane B. 306 Krishnappa 114 Kula, Olaf 109 Kumar, S.K. 365 Kumari, Krishna, 147 Kumari, Lalita K. 147 Kurian, Rachel 355 Lafferty, Rebecca 330 Lafferty, Rebecca S. c329 Lago, M.S. 236 Lange, M.D. 197 Larcom, Joan Clayton 369 Laxmi Devi, A. 239 LeBeau, Oscar R. 137 LeClere, F.B. 69 Lee, G.R. 65 Lelle, M.A. 7 Leon de Leal, Magdalenac 234, 337 Leon, M. 42 Leonard, D.K. 159 Levitt, I. 105 Lewis, A.G. 287 Lewis, R.A. 149 Lichter, D.T. 275 Light, H.K. 186 Linn, J.G. 292 Little, H. 183 Little, J. 266 Little, L.F. 141, 181, 295, 296 Livingston, P. 211 Lobao, L.M. 46 Logan, T.J. 253 Louden, J. 145 Lovin, C.R. 103 Low, A. 86 Luedke, A.J. 25 MacKinnon, N. 129 Mahjabeen 237 Mair, Lucille Mathurin 321 Maitum, M.I.D.I.E. 350 Malawi, Ministry of Agriculture, Consortium for International Development, Oregon State University, USAID Mission to the Republic of Malawi, Malawi Agricultural Research and Extension Project 144 Malone, V. 61 Mammen, S. 187 Maret, E. 251 Marlett, M. 298 Marlowe, J. 93, 296 Martinez, D. 112 Masood, Farzona 237 McCarthy, F. 261 McCarthy, F.E. 344 McCarthy, Mary R. 196 McCormick, Virginia E. 91 McGonigal, J. 20 McGonigal, J.W. 184 Mehra, R. 24 Meiners, J.E. 135 Mellencamp, Amy 22 Mencher, J.P. 166 Meredith, W.H. 202 Mergos, G.J. 82 Meszaros, P.S. 83 Meyer, K. 46 Meyer, R.E. 143 Mies, Maria 147 Miller, L.C. 278 Mollel, N. 61 Molnar, J.J. 201 Mones, B. 6 Moore, H.A. 160 Moore, K.M. 4 Moser, Ada M. 121 Mtoi, M.T. 152 Mungate, D. 56 Munro, B. 175, 210, 281 Murray, M.E. 78 Muse, Marianne, 28, 267 Muzaale, P.J.159 Muzaffar, N. 16 Nasimiyu, R. 343 National Association of Extension 4-H Agents, Conference 1989 :Mobile, Ala.),Spectra Photo/Audio (Firm) 297 Nicholson, Charles F. 10 Norem, M. 298 Ogutu, M.A. 36 Ohki, R. 362 Okada, Y. 117 Okali, C. 246, 247 Ollenburger, J.C. 160 Olson, G.I. 135 Osterud, Nancy Grey, 21 Owusu-Bempah, K. 224 Pankhurst, D. 165 Pankow, D. 187 Panter-Brick, C. 180, 269 Papendick, R.I. 143 Paris, T.R. 323 Parish, W.L. Jr 79 Parkhurst, A. 202 Patkar, P. 263 Peluso, N.L. (ed.) 310 Perch, K.L. 182 Peteram, R.J. 170 Peterson, J.T. 326 Pfeffer, M.J. 116 Pflueger, Burton 329, 330 Phillips, L. 319 Poats, S.V. 219 Poats, Susan V. 125 Population Council 157 Pradhan, B. 227 Promilap 3 Purvis, Barbara M. 150 Rachilo, J. R. 59 Rafats, J. 328, 332, 366 Rahman, M. 311 Ram, R. 87 Ramamurthy, P. 233 Randolph, S.L. 203 Rauf, A. 235 Rea, J. 168 Reed, W.D. 268 Reimer, B. 66, 316 Rennie, S.J. 257 Repassy, H. 32 Res, L. 34 Rivera, W.M. 72 Roberts, Evelyn Hortense, 206 Rogers, Denise M. 109 Rogers, Everett M. 75 Rosenfeld, R.A. 146 Rosenfeld, Rachel A. 104 Ross, P.J. 43, 110 Ruchwarger, Gary 256 Rui-Yin, F. 130 Russo, S. 298 Sabry, J.H. 44 Sachs, C. 110, 132, 374 Sachs, Carolyn E., 155 Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina, 205 Saito, Katrine Anderson 8 Sajogyo, P. 140 Salant, P. 110 Salant, Priscilla 100, 196 Sambou, M. 298 Sander, W. 98 Saradamoni, K. 55 Sarwar, Hasan 156 Saupe, W.E. 195 Saupe, William E. 171, 221 Schmink, Marianne 125 Scholl, K.K. 2, 71, 111, 133 Schultink, J. W. 242 Schwarzweller, H.K. 375 Schwieder, D. 67 Seim, D. 288 Sen, G. 199, 300, 373 Sethi, Raj Mohini, 113 Sharma, M. 29 Sharp, C. 38, 90, 346 Sharpe, Charlotte 226 Shaver, F.M. 66, 352 Shethi, M.C. 62 Shobha, V., 231 Simpkins, N.R. 363 Simpson, I.H. 40 Simpson, J. 225 Singal, S. 14 Singh, R.D. 87 Slatter, Claire 370 Slesinger, D.P. 117 Smith, B.E. 240 Smith, C. 181, 295 Smith, C.W. 141, 293 Smith, P. 190 Smith, Suzanna 52, 53 Smout, C. 105 Soliman, I. 161 South Dakota State University, Economics Dept 329, 330 Spindel, C.R. 248 Spring, A. 276 Spring, Anita 125 Srivastava, P.L. 3 Stanford, M.L. 264 Staudt, K. 274 Staudt, Kathleen A. 11 Steiner, J.L. 143 Stivers, Wendy 297 Stubbs, J. 347 Sturgis, C. 138 Sumberg, J.E. 246, 247 Sutherland, A.J. 123 Swanson, L. 45 Swarnkar, G. P., 349 Swisher, Marilyn E., 18 Symens, D. 33 Taylor, Barbara 52, 53 Thomas, J.K. 25 Thomas, Sherry 283 Thompson, O. E. 226 Thompson, O.E. 38, 90, 346 Thorsen, L.E. 188 Tigges, L.M. 146 Tinker, I. 324 Traxler, G. 201 Tweeten, L.G. 220 United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Human Resources Development Division 351 United Nations, Economic Commission for Africa 271 United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development 22 United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development, United States, International Development Cooperation Agency, Botswana, Ministry of Agriculture 361 United States, Agriculture and Rural History Branch, University of California, Davis, Agricultural History Center 336 United States, Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Economic Development Division, Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Department of Agricultural Economics 100 United States, Dept. of Agriculture 333 United States, Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Resources and Technology Division 109 United States, Dept. of Agriculture, Nutrition Monitoring Division 51 United States, Dept. of Agriculture, United States, Foreign Agricultural Service 23 United States. Soil Conservation Service 27 University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences 53 University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, International Programs 52 University of Florida, Women in Agricultural Development Program 18, 125 University of Hawaii at Manoa, Ethnic Studies Oral History Project 354 University of Minnesota, Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics 334 University of Missouri--Columbia, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Missouri--Columbia, Dept of Agricultural Economics, United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development 9 University of Missouri--Columbia, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Missouri--Columbia, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, United States, Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development 10 University of the Philippines at Los Banos, International Rice Research Institute, Philippine Institute for Development Studies 118 University of Wisconsin--Madison, Dept. of Agricultural Economics 221 Unnevehr, L.J. 264 Vicars, M. 270 Volk, R.J. I149 Wachiira, Kamoji K. 371 Waghmare, Sevakram K., 273 Wahyuni, S. 360 Wanjohi, J. K. 59 Ward, Florence E. 97 Warfield, C.L. 194 Warnken, Philip F. 9, 10 Waters, W.F. 37 Watson, G.A. 368 Weekes-Vagliani, W. 322 Weeks, O. 141, 181, 295 Weidemann, C.J. 58 Weidemann, Celia Jean 8 Wescott, Jan 226 Westermarck, N. 126 Whatmore, S. 169 Whatmore, Sarah 108 Whitbeck, L.B. 65 White, B. 312 White, D.R. 245 Whitehead, Vivian B. 336 Whitener, L. 110 Whittington, S. 222 Wijaya, H.R. 356 Wilk, J. 315 Wilkening, E.A. 292 Williamson, H. 203 Wilson, J. 40 Wolf, R.L. 73 Woodward, Mary Dodge, 39 Working Women's Forum (Tamil Nadu, India) 74 Wotowiec, P. Jr 219 Wozniak, P. 141, 181, 295 Wozniak, P.J. 71, 182 Wyvill, Lynn 333 Xue-Bin, X. 130 Yotopoulos, P.A. 82 Subject Index 4-H clubs 297 Academic achievement 217 Access 2, 317 Africa 13, 150, 162, 265, 271, 274, 324, 325, 351, 364, 365 Africa south of sahara 128, 142, 260, 322 Afro-Americans 109 Age 116, 117 Age differences 149 Age groups 286 Aggregate data 115 Agrarian reform 42, 167, 178, 347 Agribusiness 72, 136, 252 Agricultural colleges 208, 217, 253 Agricultural credit 364 Agricultural crises 46, 254 Agricultural development 6, 29, 32, 33, 61, 127, 170, 178, 211, 260, 274, 276, 277, 302, 305, 320, 350, 351, 352 Agricultural education 1, 7, 17, 25, 26, 52, 53, 67, 138, 208, 222, 268, 270 Agricultural extension work 1, 8, 22, 75, 125, 144, 265, 376 Agricultural extension workers 150, 150, 150 Agricultural households 46, 62, 64, 66, 77, 86, 87, 142, 233, 304, 317, 363, 374 Agricultural innovations 5 Agricultural laborers 256 Agricultural land 37, 162 Agricultural manpower 64, 114, 127, 166, 186, 198, 245, 300, 315, 372 Agricultural policy 12, 42, 84, 103, 127, 244, 249, 278, 313, 322 Agricultural processing industries 345 Agricultural production 24, 33, 64, 84, 110, 132, 142, 162, 163, 164, 165, 173, 190, 236, 248, 255, 291, 314, 319, 326, 335, 352, 365, 374 Agricultural productivity 125 Agricultural products 276 Agricultural regions 70 Agricultural research 86, 170, 249 Agricultural sciences 168 Agricultural sector 17 Agricultural situation 213 Agricultural structure 84, 220, 249 Agricultural surveys 156 Agricultural systems 125, 265 Agriculture 9, 10, 31, 50, 107, 221, 222, 223, 225, 228, 261, 265, 269, 280, 301, 303, 304, 311, 318, 328, 331, 332, 333, 339, 366 Agriculture and state 5, 11, 234 Agriculture, Cooperative 137 Agriculture--Northwestern States--History 151, 258 Agroforestry 224, 371 Agronomy 253 Alabama 93, 176, 194, 293 Alberta 175, 270, 281 Alley cropping 260 American indians 119, 131, 201 Ancillary enterprises 129 Andes 337 Andhra pradesh 233, 300 Animal husbandry 170, 309 Animal manures 309 Animal production 228 Aridity indexes 143 Asia 5, 192, 264 Assets 2 Assimilation 117 Attitudes 7, 88, 313 Azua (Dominican Republic : Province) 345 Azua (Province) 345 Bangladesh 261, 341, 344, 357 Basic needs 76 Beekeeping 16 Beers 36 Behavior 117 Beliefs 131 Belize 305 Bellefontaine Region (Ohio) 91 Bibliographies 331 Bibliography 301 Bioenergetics 242 Biographies 168 Biography 91, 283 Birth control 79 Birth rate 117 Birth weight 19 Blacks 31, 201 Botswana 64, 361 Brazil 248 Brewing 36 Buffalo feeding 3 Buffaloes 161 Buttermaking 54 California 19, 38, 90, 226, 346 Cameroon 52, 53, 179, 271 Canada 190, 212 Canals 233 Cannery workers--Hawaii--Interviews 354 Capitalism 29, 33, 178, 236, 352 Capitalist agriculture 66 Career choice 26, 193 Career development 25, 89, 154 Caribbean Area 150 Case studies 11, 73, 213, 256, 278, 317 Cash crops 179, 257 Caste 29 Censuses 190, 373 Centrally planned economies 79 Change 253 Child care 76, 83, 180, 284 Child labor 105 Children 82, 149, 186 Chile 236 China 79, 130 Church membership 41 Churches 40 Civil law 350 Civil service 27 Class conflict 101 Collective farming 163 Colombia 42, 337 Colonialism 343 Commercial farming 36, 346 Community development 73, 148 Community involvement 66 Commuting 200 Comparisons 148 Computer software 73, 158, 252 Computers 126 Congresses 5, 53, 118, 125, 216, 234, 280, 297, 303, 306, 364, 376 Constraints 24 Cookery 121 Cooking 188 Cooperative extension service 290 Cooperative farming 163 Cooperatives 167, 220, 347 Coownership 343 Cottage industries 315 Counseling 154 Credit 2, 257 Crop enterprises 323 Crop husbandry 353 Crop production 61, 317 Crop yield 148 Cropping systems 247 Crops 116 Cuba 347 Cultivation methods 119 Cultural heritage 174 Cultural influences 65, 122, 311 Cultural policy 57 Cultural values 188 Culture 131 Culture (civilization) 326, 378 Curriculum 270 Dairies 161 Dairy cattle 161 Dairy farming 54, 158, 243 Dairy industry 54 Dairying 47, 244 Dangs 273 Data collection 198, 213 Decision making 15, 38, 56, 71, 76, 90, 145, 195, 197, 203, 262, 292, 360 Decision-making 81 Delaware 378 Demography 33, 63, 117, 201 Demonstrations 298 Developing countries 7, 24, 52, 53, 57, 58, 122, 127, 143, 192, 211, 216, 228, 261, 264, 264, 277, 310, 313, 315, 320, 326 Development aid 24, 142, 174, 244 Development plans 159 Development policy 164, 173 Development projects 58, 298, 322 Developmental history 36 Diaries 39 Diffusion of research 219 Discriminant analysis 4 Discrimination in consumer credit 364 Distance travelled 200 Division of labor 32, 34, 38, 48, 65, 66, 80, 106, 116, 123, 134, 148, 152, 161, 165, 169, 173, 177, 178, 180, 189, 193, 204, 218, 227, 233, 235, 238, 245, 260, 262, 286, 309, 315, 319, 320, 323, 325, 326, 343, 350, 363, 365, 375 Divorce 177 Domestic gardens 254 Dominica 139 Dominican republic 6 Dominican Republic 345 Dry farming 143 Earned income 55, 69, 93, 105, 238 Eating habits 235 Econometric models 197 Economic analysis 63, 300 Economic aspects 5 Economic conditions 28, 28, 157, 214, 349 Economic depression 46, 185 Economic development 64, 174, 244, 351 Economic factors 210 Economic growth 33 Economic impact 24, 76, 92, 142, 174, 213 Economic policy 243 Economic resources 146 Economic sectors 243 Economic situation 64, 249 Economic sociology 15, 162 Economic systems 65, 276 Economic theories 197 Ecuador 204, 319 Education 52, 53, 68, 117, 133, 149, 288 Educational attendance 87 Educational opportunities 350 Effect of technological innovations on 265 Egypt 161 Employed women 19, 20, 35, 45, 62, 71, 72, 73, 76, 87, 93, 94, 98, 114, 140, 141, 146, 168, 181, 182, 184, 185, 195, 200, 202, 243, 244, 264, 274, 275, 293, 295, 296, 315, 335, 342, 350, 373 Employment 28, 31, 55, 63, 74, 117, 166, 171, 190, 196, 222, 250, 339 Employment opportunities 25, 54 Energy requirements 57 England 169 Entrepreneurship 36, 73, 139 Enumeration 198 Environmental policy 249 Errors 198 Ethiopia 153, 272 Ethnic groups 378 Ethnicity 149, 268 Ethnography 65, 169 Europe 102 Extension 58, 61, 72, 148, 159, 170, 211, 289 Extension activities 56, 60, 61, 73, 152, 158, 203, 207, 219, 272, 298, 323 Extension agents 70 Extension education 50, 313 Factor analysis 201 Familial incidence 182 Families 61, 246 Family 81 Family environment 92 Family farming 20, 48, 82, 106, 134, 158, 247, 304, 353 Family farms 30, 34, 38, 66, 78, 116, 120, 126, 129, 169, 179, 218, 223, 227, 232, 282, 294, 312, 314, 335, 358, 367 Family labor 20, 38, 45, 65, 82, 92, 124, 146, 164, 169, 262, 281, 367 Family life 15, 79, 89, 149, 158, 192, 202, 296, 344, 350 Family life surveys 345 Family problems 315 Family size 20 Family structure 71, 77, 116, 128, 131, 146, 224 Famine 254 Farm area 116 Farm development 57 Farm enterprises 126 Farm families 4, 14, 20, 40, 43, 45, 46, 56, 60, 69, 70, 71, 73, 76, 79, 80, 83, 84, 86, 99, 117, 122, 124, 128, 129, 134, 135, 149, 152, 176, 181, 182, 187, 188, 213, 241, 281, 286, 288, 290, 292, 295, 296, 352, 358, 363 Farm income 16, 20, 60, 89, 98, 116, 144, 149, 184, 240, 251, 359 Farm income--Congresses 209 Farm indebtedness 73, 160, 212, 296 Farm inputs 60, 142, 148, 175, 358 Farm life 39, 49, 91, 230, 283, 377 Farm life--United States--Periodicals 96 Farm management 3, 90, 99, 132, 133, 134, 136, 145, 158, 177, 226, 259, 316, 358 Farm management--Northwestern States--History 151, 258 Farm ownership 109 Farm results 259 Farm sector 244 Farm size 90, 111, 161, 220 Farm structure 15, 77, 117 Farm surveys 4, 90, 169, 182, 202, 204, 289, 314, 360, 363 Farm workers 19, 54, 63, 105, 115, 132, 133, 146, 175, 189, 201, 203, 233, 259, 281, 314, 317, 348, 374 Farmer's wives 49 Farmers 24, 58, 99, 112, 129, 142, 194, 210, 212, 213, 214, 224, 251, 282 Farmers' associations 338 Farmers' attitudes 4, 73, 77, 132, 316 Farmers' wives 28, 39, 41, 68, 75, 91, 95, 97, 120, 121, 206, 226, 267, 279, 336 Farmers' wives--Employment--United States--Case studies 104 Farmers' wives--Northwestern States--History 151, 258 Farmers--Northwestern States--History 151 Farming 34, 35, 38, 43, 55, 89, 130, 140, 166, 191, 192, 227, 232, 263, 264, 294, 299, 310, 312, 328, 331, 344, 356, 362, 366 Farming systems 48, 57, 80, 101, 122, 128, 134, 145, 152, 167, 170, 204, 207, 219, 224, 246, 323, 325, 341, 368 Farms 2, 183, 235, 284, 287 Farms, Small 125 Farms--Northwestern States--History 151, 258 Female labor 6, 14, 32, 34, 35, 38, 44, 48, 58, 63, 65, 90, 105, 110, 111, 112, 115, 122, 123, 127, 128, 129, 130, 132, 133, 140, 145, 148, 179, 189, 190, 192, 199, 207, 227, 232, 233, 235, 248, 259, 261, 263, 264, 287, 292, 294, 298, 302, 312, 315, 316, 323, 325, 341, 344, 351, 352, 353, 356, 358, 362, 363, 368, 373, 375 Females 317 Field size 148 Finance 2, 149 Finland 126 Fisheries 339 Fitness 85 Florida 136, 252, 282 Food 188 Food consumption 51, 121 Food production 12, 133, 159, 254, 322 Food relief 153 Food supply 274 Forest management 224 Forestry 31, 310 Forests and forestry 339 Fringe benefits 342 Frontier and pioneer life 39 Full time farming 71 Gambia 255, 298 Games 179 Gebby, Margaret Dow Diaries 91 German democratic republic 103 German federal republic 103, 116 Ghana 224 Goals 4 Goat keeping 247, 360 Goats 246 Government 12, 83 Government organizations 261 Government policy 144, 205, 376 Graduate study 270 Graduates 25 Greece 314 Guatemala 9, 9 Guinea-bissau 164 Hausa (African people) 157 Heads of families 64, 115, 142, 317 Health 85 Health care 235 Herd size116 Higher education 160 Hired labor 161 Hispanics 19, 50 History 43, 54, 85, 105, 131, 132, 155, 223, 249, 283, 286, 321, 321, 321, 353, 378 Home economics 86, 241, 285 Home economics extension workers 297 Home economics, Rural 49, 214, 267 Household consumption 46, 314 Household income 20, 70, 98, 106, 141, 146, 166, 192, 197, 227, 232, 296, 373 Household surveys 34, 69, 115, 179, 233, 263 Households 133, 148, 246 Housewives 54, 133, 206, 259 Housework 14, 44, 62, 94, 135, 218, 281, 284 Human fertility 117 Human resources 320 Humid zones 246 Hungary 32 Husband and wife 81 Ideology 85 Illinois 93 Incentives 274 Income 117, 142 Income distribution 98, 342 India 3, 14, 29, 74, 113, 114, 147, 147, 198, 199, 231, 231, 231, 231, 232, 239, 239, 239, 243, 244, 263, 273, 273, 302, 308, 308, 308, 349, 349, 349, 349, 372, 373 Indiana 149 Indigenous knowledge 260 Indonesia 140, 368 Infants 19 Influences 149 Information dissemination 61, 323 Infrastructure 322 Innovation adoption 84, 170, 228, 272, 343 Integration 7 Intensification 245 Intensive livestock farming 247 International cooperation 1, 127 International monetary fund 174 Interviews 204, 289 Investment 16 Iowa 67, 81, 106, 149, 197, 289 Irish republic 54 Irrigated farming 163, 173, 179, 199, 255, 309 Irrigation 233, 310 Ivory Coast 271 Jamaica 145, 321, 321, 321 Japan 35, 362 Java 170, 312, 356, 360 Kalimantan 148 Kansas 149 Kentucky 89, 93, 149 Kenya 11, 36, 59, 159, 291, 343, 371 Kerala 166 Kinship 235 Knowledge level 277 Labor 64, 117, 240 Labor allocation 162, 175 Labor costs 161 Labor economics 186 Labor market 69, 93, 115, 160, 195, 266, 275, 314, 343 Labor mobility 25 Labor productivity 65, 87, 92, 180, 365 Labor relations 274 Labor requirements 65, 264, 353 Lactating women 180 Land ownership 32, 37, 64, 255, 257, 291, 317, 350, 356 Land reform 13 Land tenure 13, 109, 143, 164, 165, 291, 343 Land transfers 163 Land use 13, 86, 162, 291 Landlessness 166 Landowners 37, 55, 111 Languages 260 Large farms 32 Latin America 167, 234, 238, 301 Law 103 Leisure 235 Lesotho 207 Less favored areas 139 Life cycle 169 Life cycles 146 Life style 4, 77, 181, 193, 202, 295 Literature reviews 72, 85 Livestock enterprises 112, 228, 323 Livestock farming 161 Longitudinal studies 195 Louisiana 63, 93, 149, 193, 200, 363 Madagascar 317 Madhya Pradesh 349 Maharashtra 300 Malawi 44, 144, 174, 376 Male labor 128 Mali 322 Management 315 Manpower 274 Marital interaction 141, 181, 193, 202, 292, 293 Marketing 314 Marketing techniques 220 Markets 70 Marriage 2, 79, 88, 195, 197, 291, 296, 350 Maryland 378 Mathematical models 93 Mechanization 294, 362 Men 25, 32, 40, 46, 69, 82, 116, 126, 131, 154, 169, 175, 189, 200, 210, 281, 360, 363 Mental health 149 Mental stress 46, 73, 212 Mentors in the professions 297 Mexico 178 Michigan 149, 375 Middle Atlantic States--Rural conditions 172 Migrant labor 373 Migrants 117 Milk processing 161 Milk yield 3 Milkers 54 Minnesota 149, 287 Minorities 17, 31, 253, 268 Mississippi 119, 250, 285 Missouri 149 Mixed farming 262, 298 Models 82, 179, 195, 246, 247, 272, 309 Modernization 66 Mortality 117, 180 Mozambique 163 Multiple regression 185 Multivariate analysis 117 Nationalization 163, 164 Natural resources 154, 310, 318 Nebraska 47, 73, 93, 149, 160, 202, 229 Needs assessment 290 Nepal 180, 211, 227, 269 New Jersey 378 New Mexico 50 New York 20, 184, 378 New York (State) 21 New Zealand 225 Nicaragua 256 Nigeria 157, 246, 247, 260 Nizamabad (District) 231 Non-farm income 69, 76, 89, 238 North America 249 North Carolina 31, 40, 93 North central states of U.S.A. 71, 94, 141, 181, 182, 213, 295 North Dakota 39, 186, 187 Norway 188, 189 Nurseries 252 Nutrition 308 Nutrition policy 308 Nutrition programs 3 Nutrition surveys 51 Nutritional state 44, 257 Nutritional surveys 159 Occupations 154, 190 Oceania 369, 370 Off-farm employment 4, 20, 45, 48, 66, 69, 71, 76, 83, 86, 89, 92, 93, 94, 98, 99, 102, 129, 135, 141, 174, 175, 181, 182, 184, 185, 193, 194, 195, 197, 200, 202, 266, 275, 293, 295, 342, 363, 375 Ohio 46, 75, 119, 286 Oklahomap 41, 68, 214 Operators 112, 213 Oral history 354 Oregon 185 Organization of research 170 Organizations 278 Oryza sativa 255 Ownership 246 Pacific Area 5 Pakistan 16, 235, 237, 309, 311 Palm-oil industry 271 Parent child relationships 79 Parenthood 295 Part time employment 89, 160, 275 Part time farming 71, 110, 116, 193, 200, 220 Participation 69, 93, 160, 195, 197, 266, 278, 313, 338, 352 Partnerships 126 Patriarchy 42 Peasant farming 174, 233 Peasantry 163, 165, 174 Pennsylvania 378 Periodicals 49, 95, 339 Personnel 253 Peru 262, 337 Philippines 34, 82, 118, 294, 323 Physical activity 85 Piedmont 121 Pineapple--Hawaii 354 Plantations 304 Plantations--Sri Lanka 355 Ploughing in lands 64 Political attitudes 305 Political power 278 Polygyny 65 Population change 185 Population density 245 Population dynamics 114 Population structure 378 Populations 190 Porridge 36 Poultry industry 47 Poverty 201, 275, 300, 342, 372 Pregnancy 3 Pregnant women 180 Prehistoric agriculture 119 Preschool children 160 Private ownership 2 Probit analysis 195 Production 55 Production economics 249 Production policy 12, 33 Production structure 255 Productivity 43, 148, 170, 233, 315 Profitability 220 Program development 73 Program evaluation 272 Programs 72 Property transfers 235 Public agencies 243 Punjab 113 Quality of life 77, 176, 295 Quebec 66, 316, 352 Questionnaires 176, 182 Quilting--History 230 Quilting--Patterns 230 Rain 309 Rain-fed farming 272 Rajasthan 62 Rationalization 313 Regional development 114 Regional surveys 213 Regionalization 374 Regions 116 Regression analysis 19 Rehabilitation 254 Relationships 296 Religion 40, 149, 173 Research 78, 125, 191, 253, 280, 303 Research policy 57 Research projects 92 Resource allocation 173, 255, 365 Resource management 154 Resources 210, 317 Rice 34, 35, 55, 130, 140, 148, 166, 179, 192, 199, 215, 227, 232, 263, 264, 294, 312, 317, 325, 341, 344, 356, 362, 368 Rice farmers 118 Rice workers 215 Right of access 165, 255, 257, 291, 356 Risks 19, 220 Role conflicts 94, 210, 290, 293 Role perception 4, 32, 33, 70, 141, 145, 181, 189, 219, 266, 286, 289, 311, 335, 343, 352 Roles 15, 65, 72, 84, 90, 110, 124, 181, 203, 313, 318, 348, 351, 360, 367, 375 Rural areas 50, 87, 115, 261, 266 Rural churches 41 Rural communities 73, 269, 287 Rural conditions 21, 157, 345 Rural development 1, 56, 57, 83, 185, 203, 233, 246, 254, 277, 311, 322 Rural development projects 234 Rural development--Congresses 209 Rural economy 106, 110, 177 Rural environment 77 Rural families 28, 221, 345 Rural population 110, 201 Rural society 225, 335 Rural sociology 29, 67, 86, 127, 174, 249, 254, 269, 277, 360 Rural urban migration 86, 138 Rural urban relations 160 Rural women 3, 4, 6, 12, 14-16, 18, 19, 21, 29, 30, 33, 42, 44, 48, 49, 54-56, 58, 60, 61, 64, 65, 67, 73, 74, 76, 78, 83-86, 89, 90, 92, 93, 95, 98, 99, 101-103, 105, 106, 110-112, 114-117, 119, 122, 124, 127, 129, 133-136, 138, 139, 153, 156, 158, 160-166, 171, 173, 174, 176-178, 180-182, 186, 188, 191, 193, 196, 198, 201, 203, 204, 207, 211-213, 219-221, 225, 228, 230, 231, 233, 235-240, 243, 245, 248, 249, 251, 254, 255, 259, 266, 269, 272, 275, 277, 278, 283, 284, 286, 288-291, 298-301, 309-311, 313-317, 319, 320, 324, 326, 328, 335, 343, 347-350, 352, 353, 356, 363, 365, 367, 372, 375, 377, 378 Rural women--History 230 Rural women--Middle Atlantic States--History 172 Rural women--United States--Case studies 104 Rural youth 288 Saccharum 305 Sampling 117 Sampling techniques 195 Scheduling 176 Scientists 208, 217 Scotland 105, 353 Seasonal labor 115, 180 Self concept 15 Self sufficiency 164 Seminars 313 Services for 153 Settlement 165 Sex differences 40, 87, 123, 124, 128, 200, 204, 245, 275, 295, 323 Sex discrimination against women 11, 364 Sharecropping 317 Sheep 246 Sheep farming 247, 360 Siaya District 59 Sierra Leone 271 Silk 243, 244 Small businesses 139 Small farms 32, 37, 57, 61, 112, 139, 186, 203, 204, 313 Social adjustment 296 Social aspects 41 Social change 29, 67, 79, 103 Social classes 29, 233, 256 Social conditions 74, 349 Social indicators 160 Social life and customs 91 Social participation 40, 236 Social policy 83 Social sanctions 114 Social services 347 Social status 248 Social structure 57, 103, 146, 249 Social values 33 Socialist agriculture 347 Socialization 314 Societies 298 Socioeconomic organization 143, 249 Socioeconomic status 3, 126, 296 Sociological analysis 249, 375 Sociology of work 305 Soil 148 Soil surveys 59 Soils 59 Solomon Islands 257 South Carolina 121 South central states of U.S.A. 77, 182, 240 South Dakota 342 South eastern states of U.S.A. 71, 77, 94, 141, 181, 240, 295 South Pacific Ocean Region 150 Southern Africa 86 Southern Pacific Ocean Region 150 Southern states of U.S.A. 201 Spatial distribution 201 Sport 85 State farms 256 State government 73 Statistical analysis 65, 295 Statistics 51, 51 Status 64 Stress 149, 202, 210, 289, 290 Stress management 158, 212 Structural change 24, 37, 84, 106, 142, 220, 249 Students 268, 270 Subsistence farming 44, 65, 123, 180, 257, 322, 324 Sudan 173, 254 Sugarcane 305 Supply response 142 Support systems 72, 210, 212 Surveys 15, 26, 38, 126, 133, 160, 259, 346 Sustainability 318 Swamps 368 Taiwan 48, 134 Tamil nadu 166, 300 Tanzania 61, 152 Task analysis 94 Teachers 26 Teaching methods 288 Technical progress 57, 128, 249, 365 Technical training 272 Technological innovations 271, 271, 271 Technology 35, 140, 232, 233, 264, 341, 356, 362 Technology transfer 265, 301 Technology transfers 12, 86, 204, 228 Tennessee 70, 73 Tenure systems 37 Textile industries 243 Theory 189 Time allocation 44, 94, 180, 195, 197, 257, 269, 281, 352 Time management 89, 121, 206, 267, 279 Tonga 257 Topography 148 Trade relations 139 Traditional farming 87, 119, 131 Traditional society 65 Traditional technology 277 Traditions 326 Training of 144 Trends 73, 89, 116, 220, 249, 253, 275 Tribes 273 Tropical Africa 12 U.S.A. 17, 26, 31, 43, 45, 69, 83, 83, 84, 85, 92, 99, 132, 135, 146, 154, 168, 177, 183, 208, 210, 220, 222, 223, 241, 253, 259, 268, 275, 278, 290, 315, 358, 374 Uganda 350 UK 266 Uncultivated ground 309 Underemployment 275 Unemployment 240, 275, 300, 372 United States 51, 51, 97, 155, 283, 306, 333, 334 United States--Rural conditions 104 Unskilled labor 166, 199, 344 Upper volta 87, 322 Urban rural migration 185 Urbanization 69 USDA 154 Utah 138 Value theory 281 Values 141 Varieties 148 Vegetables 207 Vermont 28, 267 Villages 62, 233, 235 Virginia 93 Visitors 272 Vocational guidance 107, 339 Vocational training 268 Volunteers 175 Wage rates 195, 233, 275, 281, 344, 373 Wages 20, 105, 115, 135, 250, 263, 312, 353 Warangal 231 Washington 185 Washington (State) 206 Weather 148 West bengal 62, 166 Western europe 129 Widows 177 Wisconsin 4, 117, 171, 195, 196 Woman's status 6, 7, 29, 30, 42, 57, 58, 62, 79, 80, 99, 101, 106, 122, 123, 127, 128, 130, 142, 143, 145, 148, 152, 159, 162, 163, 167, 169, 177, 178, 187, 191, 192, 204, 208, 227, 235, 236, 238, 248, 257, 260, 262, 287, 291, 294, 299, 300, 302, 311, 315, 319, 322, 324, 326, 328, 335, 343, 347, 351, 360, 366, 372, 373 Womein in rural development 237 Women 2, 17, 24, 25, 26, 31, 32, 36, 37, 38, 40, 43, 46, 50, 63, 66, 69, 70, 77, 82, 88, 126, 131, 132, 142, 153, 154, 169, 170, 175, 183, 189, 194, 208, 210, 217, 218, 222, 223, 224, 241, 246, 250, 250, 252, 253, 257, 268, 270, 276, 281, 282, 304, 305, 308, 318, 331, 332, 338, 339, 346, 351, 358, 366, 374 Women agricultural engineers 336 Women agricultural extension workers 144, 297, 369 Women agricultural laborers 74, 108, 113, 157, 205, 231, 231, 271, 307, 308, 321, 336, 349, 357, 371 Women agricultural laborers--Hawaii--Interviews 354 Women agricultural laborers--Sri Lanka 355 Women agricultural workers 242, 345 Women agriculturists 336 Women farmers 8, 11, 155, 157, 226, 265, 283, 330, 336, 376 Women farmers--United States--Periodicals 96 Women in agriculture 1, 5, 9, 10, 13, 18, 22, 23, 47, 52, 53, 108, 109, 120, 125, 147, 150, 156, 205, 226, 229, 234, 237, 239, 256, 271, 273, 280, 301, 303, 306, 307, 327, 329, 330, 333, 334, 336, 337, 359, 361, 364, 370 Women in agriculture--Middle Atlantic States--History 172 Women in agriculture--Mississippi--Supply and demand 100 Women in agriculture--Northwestern States--History 258 Women in agriculture--Tennessee 100 Women in agriculture--United States--Case studies 104 Women in public life--Middle Atlantic States--History 172 Women in rural development 18, 147, 205, 234, 239, 301, 345, 349, 361 Women rice workers 118, 215, 216 Women rice workers--Developing countries--Congresses 340 Women slaves 321 Women, Black 321 Women--Employment--Hawaii 354 Women--Employment--Mississippi 100 Women--Employment--Tennessee 100 Woodward, Mary Dodge 1826-1890 Diaries 39 Work 85 Work satisfaction 77 Work sharing 133, 259 Work studies 198, 269, 378 Working hours 94, 135, 275, 284, 344, 375 Working population 133, 342 Workshops 313 World bank 174 Yemen 10, 10 Yields 55 Yolo County 226, 226, 226, 226 Zambia 60, 123, 205, 207, 276, 359, 359 Zimbabwe 56, 115, 165

Return to:
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center, http://afsic.nal.usda.gov
National Agricultural Library, https://www.nal.usda.gov


United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service
National Agricultural Library

https://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/AFSIC_pubs/qb92-56.htm, August 1992
Web Policies and Important Links, https://www.nal.usda.gov/web-policies-and-important-links