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Alternative Farming Systems Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

ISSN: 1052-536X

Sustainable Agriculture in Print: Current Books

Special Reference Briefs Series no. SRB 97-05
August 1997

Compiled By:
AFSIC Staff and Volunteer
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
10301 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351

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Updates to this publication:
1. April 2003 (SRB 97-05 Update, includes May 2001 update)
2. Recent Acquisitions of the National Agricultural Library. 2004 Addendum to Sustainable Agriculture in Print: Current Books
NAL Document Delivery Services
National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record

National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record:
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (U.S.)
Sustainable agriculture in print : current books.
(Special reference briefs ; 97-05)
1. Sustainable agriculture--Bibliography. I. Title.
AS21.D27S64 no.97-05


Sustainable Agriculture in Print: Current Books, prepared annually by the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC), first appeared in 1992 in response to requests for assistance in identifying the rapidly growing body of literature on sustainable or alternative agriculture.

Inquiries regarding earlier editions in this series, now out of print, have prompted the Center to reissue the 1992-1996 bibliographies, as well as additional new entries, in this single 1997 volume. This publication is by no means an exhaustive survey of the literature. Inclusion or omission of any work does not indicate approval or disapproval. When combined with our earlier publication, Tracing the Evolution of Organic/Sustainable Agriculture: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography (BLA 72) these titles provide bibliographic coverage of sustainable agriculture literature from 1580 to 1997.

AFSIC, part of the National Agricultural Library (NAL), focuses on providing in-depth coverage of alternative farming systems, e.g., sustainable, moderate or low-input, regenerative, biodynamic, and organic methods that maintain agricultural productivity and profitability while protecting or renewing natural resources. Support for AFSIC comes to NAL from the USDA's Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program, which is under the jurisdiction of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES).

For additional reference assistance on the many issues and techniques relevant to sustainable agriculture, please request AFSIC's List of Information Products. For a copy of the List, further information about AFSIC, or for answers to questions, please contact:

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
National Agricultural Library, Room 123
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
Telephone: (301) 504-6559


New entries in this series are indicated by an asterick*

Go to: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Top

*Title: Abstracts: International Symposium: Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture, Forestry and Environment
Editors: Narwal, S.S.,
Publisher: Hisar, India: Indian Society of Allelopathy, Dept. of Agronomy, Haryana Agricultural University, 1994. 174 p.
NAL Number: QK911.I57 1994
Annotation: Papers delivered at a symposium in New Delhi, September 6-8, 1994. Focuses on the need to replace or reduce agrochemicals used for pest control and fertilizing by using natural chemicals produced by plants and soil microrganisms. There is a varied selection of experiments and processes dealing with botanical insecticides in controlling grain aphids, cotton bollworms, and many other pests in agro-horticulture, agroforestry, and aquatic ecosystems; obtaining and using allelochemicals and plant secretions from a variety of plants such as sunflower, jimson weed, castor leaf, neem, mustard meal, buttercup, and mimosine. Scientists from Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Europe offer a wide range of experiences with an equally wide range of plants.

Title: Advances in Sustainable Small Ruminant-Tree Cropping Integrated Systems
Editors: Sivaraj, S.; P. Agamuthu; T.K. Mukherjee
Publisher: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Institute of Advanced Studies, University of Malaysia, 1993. 243 p.
NAL Number: QL737.U5W675 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a workshop held Nov. 30 - Dec. 4, 1992, at Kuala Lumpur, that focused on the development of production systems of small ruminants (mainly sheep and goats) and trees (largely coconut, oil palm, rubber) in south and southeast Asia. Considers the relevance of integrated small ruminant-tree crop systems to sustainable agriculture and includes information on forage and grazing, animal productivity, socioeconomics, marketing, and animal health.

Title: AERO's Guide to Sustainable Agriculture in the Northern Rockies and Plains
Editor: Matheson, Nancy
Publisher: Helena, MT: Alternative Energy Resources Organization, 1989. 100 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86A4
Annotation: During 1987-1988 AERO conducted a survey of selected producers practicing sustainable agriculture in seven states and two provinces of the Northern Rockies and Plains. Producers were asked to evaluate their farming practices and goals and respond to demographic, agroclimatic and economic questions. Responses were used to establish a regional database of sustainable agriculture information. Includes a directory of farmers and ranchers engaged in raising small grains, vegetables, herbs, and livestock, who have shared the results of their attempts to achieve a more sustainable agriculture.

Inquiries may be made to Alternative Energy Resources Organization, 44 N. Last Chance Gulch, Helena, MT 59601.

Title: An Agenda for Research on the Impacts of Sustainable Agriculture
Editor: Schaller, Neill
Publisher: Greenbelt, MD: Institute for Alternative Agriculture, July 1991. Occasional paper series no. 2. 15 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65O33 No. 2
Annotation: A summary of discussions by a panel of social scientists concerning the likely effects, particularly economic and environmental, of sustainable agriculture. Contemporary research on such effects is basically incompatible with the concept of sustainable agriculture. Traditional assumptions lack an understanding of balancing environmental and health protection with economic goals. Recommends that researchers develop new theories and methods better able to define and measure the complexity of sustainable agriculture, particularly in estimating crop yields from sustainable farming.

Available from Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc., 9200 Edmonston Rd., Suite 117, Greenbelt, MD 20770.

Title: Agricultural Alternatives and Nutritional Self-Sufficiency
Editors: Djigma, A. et al
Publisher: [Witzenhausen, Germany]: Ekopean, 1990. 429 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.I45 1989
Annotation: Proceedings of the seventh international conference of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) at Ouagadougou, Burkino Faso, January 2-5, 1989. Focus is largely on Africa. Includes papers on drought control in the Sahel region; developing more appropriate farming systems; role of farmers' organization in developing countries; appropriate technologies and development in Third World agroecosystems; research and experimentation on water preserving techniques, soil biology, organic fertilization, and biological pest control.

Title: Agricultural Bioethics: Implications of Agricultural Biotechnology
Editors: Gendel, Steven M., et al
Publisher: Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1990. 357 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.B56A37 1990
Annotation: A study of the potential effects of biological innovations on the quality of life for producers and consumers of agricultural products. Focuses on the ethical implications, benefits and costs that arise from developments in biotechnology. Considers safety and regulatory issues; the impact in scientific and industrial sectors; farmers' appraisal of technological innovations; economic influences and prospects; social considerations, ethical dilemmas and moral responsibilities in making decisions.

Title: Agricultural Conservation Alternatives: The Greening of the Farm Bill
Editor: Sorensen, A. Ann
Publisher: DeKalb, IL: American Farmland Trust, Center for Agriculture in the Environment, October 1994. 130 p.
NAL Number: S604.6.A57 1994
Annotation: A review of 25 programs, associated with environmental issues and agriculture, proposed for the 1995 Farm Bill. A panel of agricultural experts recommend several proposals, with details provided in position papers, including: setting environmental and resource conservation standards that farmers must meet in order to qualify for benefits; offering property tax credits to farmers who agree to implement conservation plans; strengthening incentives for farmers to implement water quality plans; encouraging feed grain farmers to plant resource-saving crops; continuing the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program; creating a rural land trust that would combine several conservation and land retirement programs; guaranteed revenue programs; transfer of inter-farm conservation reserve acres.

Inquiries may be made to American Farmland Trust, Center for Agriculture in the Environment, P.O. Box 987, DeKalb, IL 60115.

Title: Agricultural Ecology
Author: Tivy, Joy
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1990. 288 p.
NAL Number: S589.7.T58
Annotation: Analyzes important ecological characteristics that affect the relationships between crops, livestock and the environment, and how man has managed and altered the agroecosystem. Examines crops, livestock, climate and soil and the processes of nutrient cycling and energy flows; natural and man-made problems that place severe limitations on agricultural use, with emphasis on paddy rice, irrigation agriculture and modern intensive farming. Assesses environmental impact on both temperate and tropical agriculture.

Inquiries may be made to The World Bank, Office of the Publisher, 1818 H St. NW, Washington, DC 20433.

Title: Agricultural Policy and Sustainability: Case Studies from India, Chile, the Philippines and the United States
Editor: Faeth, Paul
Publisher: Washington, DC: World Resources Institute, 1993. 113 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86A37 1993
Annotation: Maintains that conventional economic analysis obscures or miscalculates the degradation of the natural resource base that supports agriculture and contributes to policies that damage this resource base. Explores how such policies influence farmers' choices. Suggests natural resource accounting methods that provide a better comparison between farm policies and sustainability. Offers several recommendations in the areas studied - - rice and wheat production in India, wheat farming in Chile, pesticides and rice production in the Philippines. Considers U.S. farm policy biased against resource conserving production systems. Analyzes alternatives to corn and soybean production in Pennsylvania and Nebraska.

Inquiries may be made to World Resources Institute, 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20006.

Title: Agricultural Productivity, Sustainability, and Fertilizer Use
Author: Parish, D. H.
Publisher: Muscle Shoals, AL: International Fertilizer Development Center, 1993. Paper series IFDC P-18. 21 p.
NAL Number: S596.7.P37 1993
Annotation: Discusses the major issues involved in using fertilizers, including interaction with soil and water, nutrient recovery, nitrogen fixation, soil-borne diseases, soil erosion, the environment, crop production.

Inquiries may be made to International Fertilizer Development Center, P.O. Box 2040, Muscle Shoals, AL 35662.

Title: Agricultural Research Alternatives
Authors: Lockeretz, William and Molly D. Anderson
Publisher: Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993. 239 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86O97 v. 3
Annotation: Volume 3 in the series, Our Sustainable Future. Examines the historical and philosophical forces that have influenced agricultural research in the U.S. Considers the relevance of multidisciplinary research to alternative agriculture; the connection between agroecology and alternative agriculture; developing information and management systems; on-farm research; farmers' influence on research. Proposes means for developing the most relevant and efficient kinds of research, such as a professional reward system, funding programs, and agricultural education.

*Title: Agricultural Sustainability: Economic, Environmental and Statistical Considerations
Editors: Barnett, Vic; Roger Payne; Roy Steiner
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. 266 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86A375 1995
Annotation: This book is the result of an international research study funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. Six major research stations (University of Missouri, Auburn University, University of Oregon, and in the United Kingdom, India, and the Philippines) were asked to use their experimental data and expertise to determine how to measure sustainability in quantitative terms. These centers were able to use long-term data (going back to the 19th century in most cases) involving cotton production in Alabama, rice growing in Asia, wheat/fallow systems in the U.S Pacific Northwest, multi-crop rotations in Missouri, cropping systems in India, park grass and wheat in Britain. Describes experiments, how performance and production data were collected and analyzed. As one would expect in reviewing research there is a substantial amount of statistical data in the form of graphs, charts, tables, and mathematical formulae.

Title: Agriculture and Environmental Challenges: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Agricultural Sector Symposium
Editors: Srivastava, Jitendra P. and Harold Alderman
Publisher: Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1993. 289 p.
NAL Number: S589.75.A365 1993
Annotation: Papers include general views on agriculture and environmentally sustainable development; technical, socioeconomic and policy considerations for sustainable agriculture; population growth and land degradation; conservation tillage for conserving soil, moisture and energy; moisture management in semiarid regions; soil fertility management in the tropics; biological nitrogen fertilization; making integrated pest management work in developing countries; changing farming practices of smallholders in Central America; women in agricultural resource management; poverty and the environment in developing countries.

Title: Agriculture and Environmental Change: Temporal and Spatial Dimensions
Author: Mannion, A.M.
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. 405 p.
NAL Number: S589.7.M37 1995
Annotation: The relationship between agricultural systems and natural ecosystems from the beginning of agriculture to the present. Describes the history of agriculture in the Near East, Egypt, Europe, China, and the Americas. Discusses transitory agricultural systems, and arable, pastoral, or mixed systems of settled agriculture. Assesses the impact of agriculture on landscape change, soil erosion, desertification, and changes in water quality in middle, high, and low latitudes. New developments influencing agriculture include biotechnology, genetic engineering, information technology, population increases, global warming, and sustainable agriculture.

Title: Agriculture and the Environment
Editors: Edwards, C.A. et al
Publisher: New York: Elsevier, 1993. 326 p.
NAL Number: S589.75.I58 1993
Annotation: Papers presented at the International Conference on Agriculture and the Environment, November 10-13, 1993. Reprinted from Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 46, nos. 1-4, 1993. Topics include observations on the concept and future of agricultural sustainability; land and energy use in tropical agriculture; tropical forests and global carbon; geologic research in support of sustainable agriculture; land degradation and sustainable agricultural growth in developing countries; global warming; agroecology and integrated farming systems; economic framework for evaluating agricultural policy and sustainability of production systems; managing pesticides and agricultural practices for crop production and water quality protection; environmental and economic aspects of integrated pest management.

Title: Agriculture and the Environment
Editor: Jones, John Gareth
Publisher: New York: Ellis Horwood, 1993. 200 p.
NAL Number: TD427.A35A38 1993
Annotation: Another title in the Ellis Horwood series, Environmental Management, Science and Technology. A collection of papers and discussions by British farmers, government regulators, environmental managers and academic professionals. Although reflecting British circumstances, many of the issues discussed will be familiar to anyone interested in the frequent conflict between agriculturists and environmentalists. Discusses the farmer's need for agricultural chemicals, preventing water pollution from manufacturing and agrochemicals, agricultural use of sewage sludge, river and groundwater contamination from farming activities (including fish farming), farm waste and nitrate pollution, agricultural requirements for water for irrigation and aquaculture, agricultural benefits and environmental impact from land drainage.

Title: Agriculture and the Environment: The 1991 Yearbook of Agriculture
Publisher: Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture; U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991. 325 p.
NAL Number: 1 Ag84Y 1991
Annotation: Includes articles on research and land management; conservation tillage; monitoring soil changes; health of American forests; protecting habitats of endangered species; agriculture and water quality; restoring and protecting wetlands; air quality and crop productivity; alternative fuel sources; technology for monitoring the environment; pest management; computer models for pesticide and fertilizer use; food safety; waste reduction; international aspects of sustainable agriculture.

Title: Agriculture, Environment, and Health: Sustainable Development in the 21st Century
Editor: Ruttan, Vernon W.
Publisher: Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994. 401 p.
NAL Number: S589.75.A39 1994
Annotation: Based on papers presented at the Conference on Agriculture, Environment, and Health, held at Bellagio, Italy, October 15 - 18, 1991. Examines the challenges and significance of global population and environmental changes for achieving sustainable agricultural development. Topics include building national and international agricultural research systems; constraints on institutional innovation; health research in the Third World; capacity to monitor the sources and effects of climatic and environmental changes on agriculture.

Title: An Agriculture That Makes Sense: Profitability of Four Sustainable Farms in Minnesota
Authors: Chan-Muehlbauer, Charlene; Jodi Dansingburg; Douglas Gunnink
Publisher: Marine on St. Croix, MN: The Land Stewardship Project, [1994]. 43 p.
NAL Number: S451.M6C43 1994
Annotation: Looks at methods, production figures, and cost analyses for four farming operations in south central and southeastern Minnesota. Includes a 334-acre, 67-head dairy cow farm, using controlled grazing; a 248-acre, 73-head Holstein dairy farm, raising corn, oats, and hay with little or no chemical pesticides or artificial fertilizers; a 305-acre crop and dairy farm that specializes in marketing organic yellow and blue corn, soybeans, and small grains; and a 305-acre crop and livestock farm using no chemical fertilizers or pesticides.

Inquiries may be made to The Land Stewardship Project, 14758 Ostlund Trail N., Marine on St. Croix, MN 55047.

Title: Agroecology: Researching the Ecological Basis for Sustainable Agriculture
Editor: Gliessman, Stephen R.
Publisher: New York: Springer-Verlag, 1990. Ecological studies, v. 78. 380 p.
NAL Number: QH540.E288 v. 78
Annotation: Provides research case studies in the emerging field of agroecology. Combines the production focus of the agronomist with the systems view of the ecologist. Presents different methodologies and international perspectives for evaluating and managing agroecosystems in tropical and temperate regions.

*Title: Agroecosystem Health: Proceedings of an International Workshop
Editor: Nielsen, N. Ole
Publisher: Guelph, Ont.: University of Guelph, September 1994. 114 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86A48 1994
Annotation: Presentations from a workshop held as part of the 1st International Symposium on Ecosystem Health and Medicine at Ottawa, June 19, 1994. Purpose was to define concepts and indicators of ecosytem health to aid agricultural research agencies, particularly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in their work on sustainability.

*Title: Agroforestry and Sustainable Systems: Symposium Proceedings
Technical Coordinator: Rietveld, W.J.
Ft. Collins, CO: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 1995. General Technical Report RM-GTR-261. 276 p.
NAL Number: aSD11.A42 no. 261
Annotation: Papers and abstracts from a symposium held at Ft. Collins, August 7-10, 1994. Emphasis is on new agroforestry technologies and applications, such as managing salinity on irrigated land, aiding pollution control, providing windbreaks that contribute to raising specialty crops, enhancing wildlife. Provides regional assessments of agroforestry in the Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountain area, Southwest, and the Great Plains. Discusses the barriers to agroforestry practices (often economic), some of the social issues involved, and the role of agroforestry in land-use systems.

Title: Agronomic, Economic, and Ecological Relationships in Alternative (Organic), Conventional, and Reduced-Till Farming Systems
Editors: Smolik, James D. et al
Publisher: [Brookings, SD?]: Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University, September 1993. Bulletin 718. 57 p.
NAL Number: 100 So82(1) B718
Annotation: Summarizes results of research trials begun in 1984 on several South Dakota farms. Objectives were to measure yields in alternative, conventional, and reduced-till systems; compare whole-farm productivity and economic performance; determine the influence of each type of farming on soil nutrients, temperature, water content, density, residue cover, and snow catch; compare the quantity of plant and microbial feeding nematodes, earthworms, fungi and bacteria; determine weed density and insect damage; consider the relative sustainability of each system in connection with human health, pollution and other environmental factors.

Title: Alternative Agricultural Opportunities: A Bibliography
Publisher: St. Paul, MN: Center for Alternative Plant and Animal Products, University of Minnesota, 1991. 106 p.
NAL Number: Z5074.A815A57 1991
Annotation: A bibliography prepared from fact sheets, research reports, manuals, conference proceedings, Extension publications, and other sources often overlooked. Contents are divided into five major areas, agronomic field crops (forage, fiber, grains, legumes, oilseeds); horticultural crops (fruits, nuts, vegetables, ornamentals, greenhouse production); forest resources (woodland management and timber marketing); livestock (aquaculture, bees, cattle, buffalo, deer, goats, sheep, poultry, rabbits, mules, llamas, alpacas, wildlife); marketing and economics. Includes a subject index.

Available for purchase from Center for Alternative Plant and Animal Products, University of Minnesota, 340 Alderman Hall, 1970 Folwell Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108

Title: Alternative Agriculture: A Review and Assessment of the Literature
Authors: Crosson, Pierre and Janet Ekey
Publisher: Washington, DC: Resources for the Future, November 1988. Discussion paper ENR 88-01. 64 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65C76
Annotation: An assessment of the literature dealing with the comparative economic and environmental characteristics of alternative and conventional agriculture. Reports on air and water quality; animal habitat; health of farmers and consumers affected by pesticides; soil erosion; soil productivity; and the use of fossil fuels. Includes annotated bibliography of literature sources.

Title: Alternative Agriculture: Federal Incentives and Farmers' Opinions
Publisher: Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office, Report to Congressional Requesters, February 1990. GAO/PEMD-90-12. 95 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65U54
Annotation: Describes the economic and environmental problems associated with conventional farming practices and defines the characteristics of alternative agriculture. Results from interviews with 74 farmers and farm program officials indicate that lower yields and profits, increased weed and pest problems, and the federal farm program contribute to deter the use of alternative agriculture. Important implications of this study indicate that federal farm programs have a great influence on crop choice that make it difficult for farmers to grow other crops or implement more diverse crop rotations. The programs will have to be modified if the government wants to facilitate the adoption of alternative agriculture.

Title: Alternative Agriculture: Scientists' Review
Publisher: Ames, IA: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, Special Publication no. 16, July 1990. 182 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65A452 1990
Annotation: A review of the 1989 study published by the National Research Council (NRC) entitled, Alternative Agriculture. Over 40 agricultural scientists and specialists contributed evaluations of the NRC study. Acknowledges the difficulty in clearly distinguishing between alternative and conventional agriculture. The critiques and comments focus on the scientific and factual aspects of the NRC study and do not deal with philosophical differences between conventional and alternative systems. The reviews cover agricultural engineering, economics, sociology, toxicology, food science, plant pathology, and animal, crop, and soil sciences.

Inquiries may be made to Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 137 Lynn Ave., Ames, IA 50010.

Title: Alternative Agriculture / Committee on the Role of Alternative Farming Methods in Modern Production Agriculture; Board on Agriculture; National Research Council
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1989. 448 p.
NAL Number: S441.A46
Annotation: Traces the evolution of U.S. agriculture in the domestic and world economies since World War II. Outlines the major economic and environmental consequences of agricultural practices and federal government policies. Describes problems in the farm economy, agricultural pollution of water, soil erosion, pesticide and antibiotic residues in food, pest resistance to pesticides. Examines farming practices used in alternative agriculture and analyzes the economic potential of alternative systems. Includes case studies describing farms managed with a combination of alternative and conventional practices.

Title: Alternative Crop and Alternative Crop Production Research
Publisher: Fargo, ND: North Dakota State University, 1990. 40 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65A46 1990
Annotation: A summary report of research conducted in North Dakota on alternative oilseeds (including rapeseed, crambe, safflower, canola), multiple cropping, and new crop development (including faba and garbanzo beans, field peas, lentils, lupines, wheatgrass, switchgrass, wild rye, potatoes, amaranth). Also reports on plant resistance to and control of flea beetles.

Title: Alternative Crop and Alternative Crop Production Research
Publisher: Fargo, ND: North Dakota State University, 1992. 95 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65A46 1992
Annotation: An update to the marketing and use of alternative crops research being conducted at NDSU. Includes work done on oil seeds, amaranth, crambe, barley, pearl millet; spring wheat-soybean, flax-wheat and flax-lentil intercropping; lupin production; flea beetle control.

Title: Alternative Farming Systems and Rural Communities: Exploring the Connections
Publisher: Greenbelt, MD: Institute for Alternative Agriculture**, 1992. 100 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65A57 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of IAA's ninth annual scientific symposium held at Chevy Chase, MD, on March 2 and 3, 1992. Discussions explored the meaning and importance of community; the ecological connections between alternative farming and rural communities; what alternative farming systems and rural communities can do for each other; research methods that measure the movement of farmers into sustainable practices and the effect this may have on rural communities; the impact of past public policy and what reforms are needed to ensure viable links between agriculture and rural communities.

** Now the Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture, 9200 Edmonston Rd., Suite 117, Greenbelt, MD 20770-1551.

Title: Alternative Field Crops Manual
Publisher: [Madison, WI?]: University of Wisconsin Cooperative and Extension Services; University of Minnesota Center for Alternative Plant and Animal Products, [1990?]. Various pagings in looseleaf binder.
NAL Number: SB187.U6A47 1990
Annotation: Contains separate profiles on several crops: beans (adzuki, castor, dry or field, faba, jojoba, mung), amaranth, broomcorn, buckwheat, canarygrass, canola or rapeseed, chickpea, flax, hairy vetch, hop, kochia, lentil, lupine, meadow foam, millet, popcorn, rye, sesame, sorghum, spelt, sunflower, triticale, and cool season grass. Each profile provides a history of that crop, its use, growth habits, environment requirements, seed preparation, weed and disease control, harvesting, drying and storage, yield and performance, production economics and markets, sources of additional information.

Inquiries may be made to University of Wisconsin Cooperative or Extension Service, Dept. of Agronomy, Madison, WI 53706, or Center for Alternative Plant and Animal Products, 340 Alderman Hall, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108.

Title: Amish Agriculture in Iowa: Indigenous Knowledge for Sustainable Small-Farm Systems
Author: Yoder, Rhonda Lou
Publisher: Ames, IA: Iowa State University, Technology and Social Change Program, 1990. Studies in Technology and Social Change no. 15. 69 p.
NAL Number: S451.I8Y63 1990
Annotation: Observations about the Iowa Amish and their farming methods as a model of sustainable agriculture. Although not a technical report, attention is given to agricultural practices and social and cultural features to determine how Amish farmers are unique and how they are similar to other Iowa farmers. Includes a brief review of the historical development of Old Order Amish in Europe and the United States.

Inquiries may be made to the Center for Indigenous Knowledge for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University, 318 Curtiss Hall, Ames, IA 50011.

Title: Approaches to Sustainable Agriculture: Seven Case Studies
Publisher: [Ottawa, Ont.?]: Science Council of Canada, 1992. 31 p.
NAL Number: S451.5.A1T57 1992
Annotation: Another in a series of papers by the Science Council's committee on sustainable agriculture. Describes operations on an organic vegetable farm in Nova Scotia, a potato farm in New Brunswick, a dairy farm in Quebec, mixed and cash crop farms in Ontario, a grain and hog farm in Saskatchewan, and a tree fruit farm in British Columbia. The farmers' reasons for using alternative methods vary, but all are concerned about the health risks of chemicals to farmers and consumers and damage to the environment.

Title: At Nature's Pace: Farming and the American Dream
Author: Logsdon, Gene
Publisher: New York: Pantheon Books, 1994. 208 p.
NAL Number: S441.L613 1994
Annotation: A collection of informal essays dealing with the decline of rural society, the failure of agricultural education, traditional farming economies (such as the Amish), sustainable farms as repositories of human skills and common sense; thoughts about the future for farms and rural communities.

Go to: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Top

Title: Basic Formula to Create Community Supported Agriculture
Author: Van En, Robyn
Publisher: Great Barrington, MA: Robyn Van En, 1992. Unnumbered pages.
NAL Number: HD9225.A2V35 1992
Annotation: A handbook for organizing and maintaining community based agriculture. Includes ideas for reaching local customers, acquiring land, harvesting and distributing, promoting cooperation. Provides information on seed varieties and pesticides found on produce; a directory of community supported agriculture projects; resource guide.

Available for purchase from Robyn Van En, Indian Line Farm, RR 3, Box 85, Great Barrington, MA 01230.

Title: The Basic Principles of Sustainable Agriculture (also called Alternative Agriculture and LISA): An Introduction for Farmers, Environmentalists, the Public, and Policy-makers
Authors: Hudson, William J. and Jonathan Harsch
Publisher: Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, February 1991. 32 p.
NAL Number: aS441.H82 1991
Annotation: A booklet that answers, in very general terms, elementary questions about sustainable agriculture. Highlights beneficial aspects of 1985 and 1990 federal farm legislation. Includes some data on fertilizer and chemical pesticide costs; comparative crop rotations and yields; tillage systems; livestock needs; pest control; marketing and economic aspects; how farmers should approach the transition from conventional to sustainable agriculture.

Available from U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, Room 3849 South Building, Washington, DC 20250.

Title: Benefits of Diversity: An Incentive Towards Sustainable Agriculture
Authors: Elzakker, Boudewijn van; Rob Witte; Jan Diek van Mansvelt
New York: Environment and Natural Resources Division, United Nations Development Programme, 1992. 209 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.E49 1992
Annotation: Provides a brief description of the problems facing agriculture, the concept of organic agriculture, and analyzes the viability of organic farming in developing countries. Most of the book is devoted to case study reports evaluating and comparing diverse farming practices and production in areas around the world, including vegetable growing in Indonesia; contour farming in the Philippines; tea and other cropping systems in India; Egyptian horticulture; growing cotton in Turkey; producing dates in Morocco; composting, sesame production, and water utilization in Burkina Faso; regenerating soil in Senegal; alley cropping in the hilly terrain of Tanzania; growing bananas in the Dominican Republic, vegetables and coffee in Mexico, corn and beans in Nicaragua, sugar cane in Brazil, soya and peanuts in Paraguay. Concludes with a discussion of the feasibility of organic agriculture in the developing world, in which economic, social, and environmental aspects are considered. Although encouraged by the results of organic farming, this book also recognizes that there are local and international factors that interfere with the viability of sustainable farming as an alternative to conventional practices. The authors offer some basic recommendations that include replacing synthetic pesticides with alternative pest management; using organic matter to regenerate degraded soil; avoiding highly soluble chemical fertilizers; promoting on-farm processing of products; developing international marketing structures.

Title: The Best of Permaculture: A Collection
Authors: Lindegger, Max O. and Robert Tap
Publisher: Nambour, Queensland, Australia: Nascimanere Pty. Ltd., 1990. 136 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.B4 1990
Annotation: A new edition of the original 1986 publication. Contains 52 short articles, by Bill Mollison and others, dealing with the multidisciplinary nature of permaculture, a sustainable and permanent agriculture not confined to plant growing, but concerned with all elements of life and their relationship to each other. Some of the diverse topics include: designing a food system to meet society's real need; the nutritional benefits from organic horticulture; soil conditioning and conservation; forest regeneration; urban agriculture and forestry; designing systems of energy that maximize the use of renewable resources; using weeds to advantage; developing habitable communities; materials in building construction that affect health and the environment; biological control of plant and animal pests; organic growing of grapevines; aquaculture in Australia.

Title: A Better Row to Hoe: The Economic, Environmental, and Social Impact of Sustainable Agriculture
Publisher: St. Paul, MN: Northwest Area Foundation, December 1994. 39 p.
NAL Number: S441.B47 1994
Annotation: A report based on six years of research supported by Foundation grants. Comparisons of sustainable and conventional methods are made in farm practices and crop yields, farm economics, labor and management, and community interactions. Public policies and other factors influencing the choice of sustainable methods are considered.

Title: Beyond the Large Farm: Ethics and Research Goals for Agriculture
Editors: Thompson, Paul B. and Bill A. Stout
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991. 312 p.
NAL Number: S541.B48
Annotation: Assesses the direction in which U.S. agricultural policy should go. Includes an analysis of the environmental degradation caused by conventional agriculture and what should be reasonable environmental goals.

Title: Bio-Dynamic Farming Practice
Authors: Sattler, Friedrich and Eckard v. Wistinghausen
Publisher: Stourbridge, West Midlands, UK: Bio-Dynamic Agricultural Association, 1992.
333 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.S2713 1992
Annotation: An English translation of the original book in German published in 1989. Its central concept is the farm as a self-sustaining unit and how by joining management skills, appropriate crop technology and animal husbandry a system can be created that makes ecological sense. The methods and practices described are the product of practical experience. Includes details on soil conditions, tillage, manures, compost and other soil conditioners; emphasizes the importance of working with natural rhythms and special dynamics; provides information on seeds, sowing techniques, a wide variety of crops, livestock and poultry. Offers ideas on landscape management, including pastures, meadows and farm gardens; financial, labor and marketing aspects; training and converting to biodynamic methods. The text is supported by 85 diagrams, 82 tables and 36 color plates.

Title: The Biodynamic Farm
Author: Koepf, Herbert H.
Publisher: Hudson, NY: Anthroposophic Press, 1989. 245 p.
NAL Number: S605.5K593
Annotation: Stresses the need to change from the conventional system of agriculture to the biodynamic method of protecting and nurturing soils, improving food quality, and organically integrating the farm into the environment. Provides details on animal feeding, crop rotation, diseases, pests, and fertilizing. Contains addresses of biodynamic associations and related training programs.

Title: Biotic Diversity in Agroecosystems
Editors: Paoletti, M.G. and D. Pimentel
Publisher: New York: Elsevier, 1992. 356 p.
NAL Number: S589.7.S93 1990
Annotation: Selected papers from a symposium on agroecology and conservation issues in tropical and temperate regions held at Padova, Italy, Sept. 26-29, 1990. Reprinted from the periodical, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 40, nos. 1-4 (1992). Discusses the inability of sustainable agriculture and forestry to be productive when significant numbers of species in natural biota are lost; agricultural technologies that improve the environment and contribute to increasing biodiversity; relationship between microbial biomass and soil organic matter; using landscaping, legumes, and new crops to increase the diversity of agriculture; monitoring biodiversity.

Title: Building Bridges: Cooperative Research and Education for Iowa Agriculture: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture 1992 Proceedings
Publisher: Ames, IA: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, 1992. 124 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86B85 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of the third annual Leopold Center conference held Feb. 18 and 19, 1992, at Ames. Discusses the roles of regulation, financial incentives, penalties, design specifications, performance standards, technical assistance, and education in encouraging sustainable agriculture. Other topics include nitrogen fertilization rates for corn; insecticide rates and corn rootworm larval damage; response of the farm supply and service industry to the trend toward sustainable agriculture; balancing economic and environmental considerations in sustainable farm planning and management decisions; government farm policy; farmers' research needs; sustainable agriculture in developing countries. Additional abstracts, largely based on Iowa experiences, include the effect of soybean planting date on damage from insect pests; using plant pathogens and natural product chemicals for control of weeds; contour strip-cropping with trees on erodible land; using fall-planted spring oats as a cover crop to reduce soil erosion after soybean harvest; pasture and forage management; genetic diversity in alternative crops; tillage practices and ground water quality.

Title: Building Soils for Better Crops: Organic Matter Management
Author: Magdoff, Fred
Publisher: Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992. 176 p.
NAL Number: S592.8.M34 1992
Annotation: Volume 2 in the series, Our Sustainable Future. Discusses the importance of organic matter to soil fertility and practices that enhance organic matter in the soil, such as using animal manures, cover crops, crop residues and composts, reduced tillage and erosion control. Provides technical information on the chemistry and dynamics of soil organic matter. Includes a glossary of common terms.

Title: Building Sustainable Communities: Tools and Concepts for Self-Reliant Economic Change
Contributors: Benello, C. George; Robert Swann; Shann Turnbull
Editor: Morehouse, Ward
Publisher: New York: The Bootstrap Press, 1989. 187 p.
NAL Number: HT388.B8
Annotation: This is a revised and expanded version of parts of the Handbook for Community Economic Change, published in 1983, based on Schumacher Society seminars. Discusses the concept, principles, structure and operation of community land trusts as alternatives to traditional landholding practices. The main objective is to put land to sensible and productive use by reducing speculation and providing access to land for those who otherwise lack such access. Proposes other forms of community self-management, including currency and banking. Deals with other aspects of social capitalism.

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*Title: Causes of Soil Degradation and Development Approaches to Sustainable Soil Management
Author: Steiner, Kurt Georg
Publisher: Weikersheim, Germany: Margraf Verlag, 1996. 133 p.
NAL Number: S623.S7413 1996
Annotation: Sustainable Soil Management, a pilot project funded by the German Government, produced this report as part of its commitment to develop ideas and methods for restoring, using, and preserving soil in a sustainable manner. Although this project is a European venture considerable emphasis is given to the vulnerability of soil and the damage that has been caused in the tropics and subtropics. The book explores the socio-economic and biophysical causes of soil degradation and suggests policies, methods, and other remedies for dealing with the problem. What makes this cause-effect-remedy dilemma difficult to deal with is the complex diversity in culture, climate, ecology, and land use that prevails around the world. Any improvement must be based on factors favorable to change and economic incentives that appeal to land users.

Title: Cereal-Legume Cropping Systems: Nine Farm Case Studies in the Dryland Northern Plains, Canadian Prairies, and Intermountain Northwest
Authors: Matheson, Nancy, et al
Publisher: Helena, MT: Alternative Energy Resources Organization, 1991. 75 p.
NAL Number: S602.5.C47 1991
Annotation: Case studies that reflect an alternative system of farming that relies heavily on understanding and using nature's cycles. Lays out a rational approach to changing from conventional agriculture to an alternative system. Looks at the experiences of farmers who (a) have been successful in using legumes or other crops in dryland small grains rotations, (b) have kept careful field records, (c) have offered to make public details of their operations, (d) rely on farm income for the major portion of their total income and are financially stable.

Available for purchase from Alternative Energy Resources Organization, 44 North Last Chance Gulch, Helena, MT 59601.

Title: Chicken Little, Tomato Sauce and Agriculture: Who Will Produce Tomorrow's Food?
Author: Gussow, Joan Dye
Publisher: New York: The Bootstrap Press, 1991. 143 p.
NAL Number: S441.G87 1991
Annotation: Discusses the major problems facing food production and distribution systems, e.g., the loss of topsoil, heavy use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides, low commodity prices, high debt loads, unstable land prices, falling farm population. Explores the competing alternatives of industrial agriculture and smaller-scale, more localized sustainable food systems.

Title: A Child's Organic Garden: Grow Your Own Delicious Nutritious Foods
Authors: Fryer, Lee and Leigh Bradford
Publisher: Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1989. 88 p.
NAL Number: jSB324.3F79
Annotation: An easy to read narrative of how an experienced adult gardener teaches a youngster to grow safe nutritional food, such as sweet peas, radishes, potatoes, green beans, corn, tomatoes, and cucumbers. Includes advice on obtaining seeds, fertilizers, and tools; preparing the soil for planting; caring for the garden to ensure healthy plants; harvesting.

Title: Choices for the Heartland: Alternative Directions in Biotechnology and Implications for Family Farming, Rural Communities, and the Environment. (Studies in Technology and Social Change Series No. 9)
Authors: Hassebrook, Chuck and Gabriel Hegyes
Publisher: Ames, IA: Iowa State University Research Foundation, 1989. 113 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.B563H37
Annotation: A report to inform residents in the rural North Central region of the U.S. about developments in biotechnology and the implications they present. Provides information for establishing social and environmental goals that technology should serve and determining the desirable choices to be made. Covers biotechnology use in pest, weed and plant disease control; livestock reproduction, growth and disease control.

Title: Choosing a Sustainable Future: The Report of the National Commission on the Environment
Author: National Commission on the Environment
Publisher: Washington, DC: Island Press, 1993. 180 p.
NAL Number: HC110.E5N316 1993
Annotation: Cites the global and domestic environmental problems which the U.S. faces, e.g., loss of biodiversity, climate change, ozone depletion, air pollution, waste disposal, encroachment of land development on critical ecosystems and rural landscapes, mismanagement of public lands and resources, deteriorating quality of farmland, contamination and reduction of freshwater supplies, marine pollution and overfishing. Offers recommendations that include: designing technologies for sustainable development and energy use; government tax and incentive policies; promoting environmental awareness; improving living standards in developing countries; moderating population growth; legislative means for preventing pollution; achieving environ-mental goals and economic growth; ensuring viable habitats for humans and other species.

*Title: Clean Water - Clean Environment - 21st Century: Team Agriculture - Working to Protect Water Resources: Conference Proceedings
Publisher: St. Joseph, MI: American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 3 vols., 1995. Vol. 1 (Pesticides) 186 p., Vol. 2 (Nutrients) 254 p., Vol. 3 (Practices, Systems & Adoption) 318 p.
NAL Number: TD365.C54 1995 v.1; v.2; v.3
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference held in Kansas City, MO, March 5-8, 1995. Vol. 1, dealing with pesticides, includes 47 brief papers. Topics include reducing herbicides in conservation tillage systems, experiences with Alachlor and Atrazine, movement of agricultural chemicals in groundwater and surface runoff, and practices to prevent pesticide leaching. Vol. 2, dealing with nutrients, presents 64 papers on subjects that include fertilizer and irrigation management, nitrate leaching, impact of fertilizers and animal waste on the quality of ground and surface water, managing soil salinity, effect of no-tillage systems on soil nitrogen, and treating wastewater. Vol. 3 includes various models, management practices and systems to reduce groundwater contamination, such as the use of trees as buffers in riparian areas, strip intercropping, water table and irrigation control, tillage methods, economic and environmental elements in water quality.

Title: Clean Water and Thriving Farms: Mutual Goals in Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Kemp, Loni
Publishers: Washington, DC: Midwest Sustainable Agriculture Working Group; St. Paul, MN: The Minnesota Project, January 1994. 13 p.
NAL Number: S444.K46 1994
Annotation: Includes a brief history of the Clean Water Act, that focused largely on industry, leaving agriculture with the unenviable role of being the major source of water pollution. Describes the familiar ways agriculture does this, e.g., runoffs of chemicals, salts, oils, and organic wastes into streams, lakes, and groundwater. Recounts how sustainable farming methods contribute to protecting water quality. Argues that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not been aggressive in dealing with polluted runoff, and several other government programs have had only a limited effect on water conservation and quality. Offers several policy recommendations, including incentives that will encourage farmers to voluntarily switch to sustainable practices; clear, consistent, and fair regulations, vigorously enforced, aimed at reducing pollution.

Inquiries may be made to The Minnesota Project, 1885 University Ave. W, Suite 315, St. Paul, MN 55104 or Midwest Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, 110 Maryland Ave. NE, Box 76, Washington, DC 20002.

Title: Common Harvest: An Alternative Food and Agriculture Resource Directory (2nd ed.)
Authors: Guenthner, Dan; Rick Bonlender; Dick Kulisheck
Publisher: Minneapolis: Food Action Network, Inc., 1992. 150 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86G84 1992
Annotation: Looks at the issues that influence current popular concepts of food and land. Considers alternative choices that are available to help create a more sustainable food system, such as small space gardening, edible landscaping, composting, seed gathering, and food preservation. Offers ideas on diet and nutrition with suggestions on food choices for improved health. Discusses collective initiatives such as community and specialized gardening, local food policies, land trusts and stewardship. Lists organizations, commercial outlets, books and periodicals that are useful in all areas of alternative food production.

Available for purchase from Food Action Network, Inc., 5324 Park Ave., Minneapolis, MN 55417-1720.

Title: Common-Sense Pest Control
Authors: Olkowski, William; Sheila Daar; Helga Olkowski
Publisher: Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press, 1991. 736 p.
NAL Number: SB950.O35
Annotation: A detailed guide for controlling pests by using a variety of physical, mechanical, cultural and biological methods that are cost effective and carry the least risk to people and the environment. Deals separately with pests of the human body, animals, indoor plants, house and garden. Analyzes damage, detection and treatment.

Title: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis: Special Issue Devoted to Perspectives on Relationships Between Sustainability of Soil and the Environment
Editor: Wallace, Arthur
Publisher: New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1994. 169 p.
NAL Number: S590.C63. Vol. 25, nos. 1 & 2, 1994
Annotation: The 25th anniversary issue of this journal addresses the challenge of recovering and maintaining healthy soil to secure the long-term sustainability of agriculture. Soil organic matter contributes not only nutrients but provides necessary physical and biological properties. Discusses the importance of restoring soil organic matter to near original levels; storing carbon in soil as a means of avoiding global warming; small-scale farms as a model for conservation; social and economic barriers to sustainable agriculture; environmentally sound rules for fertilizers; employing water-soluble polymers and gypsum to correct soil problems and ensure more efficient use of water; the need to consider the value of protecting an ecosystem more than an endangered species. Suggests that consumerism may be the primary environmental problem facing the world.

Title: The Comparative Economics of Alternative Agricultural Production Systems: An Annotated Bibliography
Authors: Fox, Glenn, et al
Publisher: Guelph, Ont.: University of Guelph, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business, January 1991. Working paper series, WP 91/02. 69 p.
NAL Number: HD1781.W67
Annotation: A summary of information published between 1975-1989 about production and environmental economics of alternative production systems for crops and vegetables in North America. Emphasis is on professional literature relating to comparative profitability and income risk. Summaries are categorized by conservation tillage and soil erosion, pest control, cost of environmental protection, external effects of agricultural production systems, and comparisons of organic, alternative and conventional production systems.

Title: Composting: Everyone's Solution (Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Meeting, The Composting Council of Canada)
Publisher: Ottawa, Ont.: The Composting Council of Canada, 1993. 442 p.
NAL Number: TD796.5.C65 1993
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference held September 23-24, 1993, in Montreal. Papers are in English or French. Offers an overview of farm and home composting in Canada; a brief presentation on marketing and distributing compost in the U.S. Other papers include: aspects of composting in Quebec; municipal waste processing; worm composting; composting paper sludge, slaughterhouse waste, seafood waste, garden residues, wastewater sludge, and animal manure; effects of compost on soil and various crops; developing quality standards for compost; analyzing the components of compost; establishing and operating composting facilities.

Inquiries may be made to The Composting Council of Canada, 200 MacLaren St., Ottawa, Ont. K2P 0Z9 Canada.

Title: Composting Potato Culls and Potato Processing Wastes: A Feasibility Study
Publisher: Mt. Vernon, ME: Woods End Research Laboratory, 1990. 45 p.
NAL Number: TD796.5.C66 1990
Annotation: Potato wastes have long been used in making starch, alcohol, and animal feed. A project was undertaken in Maine to determine how best to compost these wastes so that the nutrients and organic matter could be applied to soil. Discusses the methods used to manage characteristics found in potato wastes, such as acidity, moisture, and density. Describes aerating and heating to produce a homogenous mass that results in the nearly complete destruction of common potato pathogens.

Inquiries may be made to Woods End Research Laboratory, Rte. 2, Box 1850, Mt. Vernon, ME 04352.

Title: Conservation Farming: "After the Basics": The Next Steps Forward
Editor: Petheram, R.J.
Publisher: [Horsham, Vic., Australia?]: Wimmera Conservation Farming Association, 1993.
53 p.
NAL Number: S478.A1W56 1993
Annotation: Proceedings of the eighth annual seminar of the Wimmera Conservation Farming Association held at Longerenong, Victoria (Australia) on March 11, 1993. As in the U.S., Australian soil types vary and some of the information provided here may be helpful in the U.S. and Canada. Topics include experiments performed to determine ideal seedbed criteria for direct-drill (no-till) wheat; features of Janke no-till planting points, that allow minimal disturbance of soil and minimum loss of moisture; weed control research; new spray technology; controlled-release herbicides; cropping practices to combat cereal root diseases.

Title: Conservation Policies for Sustainable Hillslope Farming
Editors: Arsyad, Sitanala, et al
Publisher: Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society, 1992. 364 p.
NAL Number: S627.G68C66 1992
Annotation: Based on material presented at a workshop in Indonesia in March 1991. Stresses the importance of hillslopes and other marginal land in a time of increasing population and food shortage. Emphasis is on tropical developing countries. Offers insight into socioeconomic and cultural conditions that often hinder small farmers from implementing new methods in hillside farming; government conservation policies; legal and land tenure issues; and other elements in sustainable use of hillslopes.

Title: Conservation Tillage
Publisher: [s.l.]: Great Plains Agricultural Council, [1990]. 305 p.
NAL Number: S27.A3 no. 131
Annotation: Proceedings of the Great Plains Conservation Tillage Symposium held in Bismarck, ND, August 21-23, 1990. Focus is on the ecosystems and environments of the American Great Plains and Canadian prairies. Papers were presented on a wide range of topics, including: the future of conservation tillage; sustainable cropping systems; decomposing crop residues; dryland agroecosystems; the effect of managed stubble on winter wheat yields; evaluating planting and seeding equipment; the effect of soil moisture (including snow) on managing fertilizers in growing spring and winter wheat; nitrogen management; effects of crop rotation and tillage on soil organic matter; integrated weed management and applications for weed control; movement of nitrates and other agricultural chemicals through soil.

Title: Conservation Tillage in Temperate Agrosystems
Editor: Carter, Martin R.
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1994. 390 p.
NAL Number: S604.C65 1994
Annotation: Commentaries on the development and adaptation of conservation tillage practices in temperate environments from 42 contributors from the U.S., Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and Europe. Examines barriers to adopting conservation tillage, such as soil characteristics, biological factors and climate and proposes strategies for overcoming these impediments. Researchers describe the features and experiences of crop performance with reduced tillage in the U.S. (South, Cornbelt, North Central, Pacific Northwest, southern Great Plains), eastern and prairie Canada, Scandinavia, Great Britain, Germany, France, eastern Europe, New Zealand, and the wheat-sheep area of southeastern Australia.

Title: Conservation Tillage Systems and Management: Crop Residue Management with No-till, Ridge-till, Mulch-till
Publisher: Ames, IA: Iowa State University, MidWest Plan Service, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Dept., 1992. MWPS-45. 140 p.
NAL Number: S604.C675 1992
Annotation: A handbook that provides information and research about the elements of conservation tillage, that leaves enough crop residue to protect the soil from erosion throughout the year. Includes methods of estimating residue cover, crop and soil response to tillage systems, cost comparisons, combining conservation tillage with other cropping practices, managing pests and diseases, fertilizing, equipment selection.

Title: Conserving Land: Population and Sustainable Food Production
Authors: Engelman, Robert and Pamela LeRoy
Publisher: Washington, DC: Population Action International, 1995. 48 p.
NAL Number: S604.5.E65
Annotation: Another title in a series that examines the effects of population and development growth, distribution and consumption practices on the world's natural resources. Focuses on the constant challenges to maintain food production for an expanding global population. Some of the disturbing indicators include the general decline of per capita crop production since 1985, dwindling water resources, and the increasing degradation of arable land. Offers statistical profiles of the growth of world population since 1700, the availability of arable land, and projections to the year 2050. Looks at special problems in Africa and China.

Inquiries may be made to Population Action International, Population and Environment Program, 1120 19th St. NW, Suite 550, Washington, DC 20036.

*Title: Conserving Soil Resources: European Perspectives
Editor: Rickson, R.J.
Publisher: Wallingford, Oxon, United Kingdom, CAB International, 1994. 425 p.
NAL Number: S622.2.E97 1992
Annotation: Contains selected papers from the First International Congress of the European Society for Soil Conservation held in the U.K. in April 1992. Focus was on research and development concerning soil degradation and soil conservation in Europe, but with the view that results from this congress would also be applicable in other parts of the world. Includes reports on methodologies for measuring and monitoring physical, chemical, and biological degradation of soil; determining the complex processes involved and evaluating protection measures needed to conteract these processes. Provides experiences and research on such topics as the effect on soil from oil-shale mining, abandoned terraces, various cropping systems, and pesticides.

*Title: The Contrary Farmer
Author: Logsdon, Gene
Publisher: White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 1994. 237 p.
NAL Number: S523.L67 1993 (sic)
Annotation: Logsdon promotes what he calls "contrary farming" because its concept, based on "pastoral economics," runs counter to the industrial, large-scale ideology of farming. The author is under no illusions about what contrary farmers are facing. He quotes rather pessimistic observations from several sources: "Historically the trend to larger farmers does not reverse itself." or "Urban and industrial theories and values have supplanted the truer ones of the countryside. ...what survives is mainly a sentimental attachment to country life and gardening." Contrary farmers must work within a "capitalist/socialist economy," but advises separation from it as much as possible. His first principle is to borrow money with extreme caution and preferably not at all -- "There is something incompatible between biological systems and borrowed money...rates of money growth (interest) seldom match rates of biological growth." Pastoral economics means farming small viable units and not depending on farming as the sole means of earning a living, but rather in combination with another career or occupation. Offers perceptive advice on not buying "gadgets;" what equipment is essential (two of the most important are a team of horses and a pickup truck); learning how to fix things and do more for yourself; using water resources and power, pastures, woodlands; and the types of crops most beneficial to small operations. Describes gardening strategies, how to use a wide variety of animal life -- from livestock to fish, bees, earthworms, and even raising birds, dogs, and cats for the pet market. Logsdon's writing is informal, anecdotal, often humorous, and seldom uninteresting.

Title: Controlling Weeds with Fewer Chemicals: How to Cut Your Herbicide Costs and Protect the Environment
Editors: Cramer, Craig, et al
Publisher: Emmaus, PA: Rodale Institute, 1991. 138 p.
NAL Number: SB611.C595 1991
Annotation: This is the fourth in a series of books introducing to farmers proven ideas that can be used in the field. Describes the risks of using herbicides, such as increasing costs, appearance in groundwater, limitation of crop rotation, less effectiveness on some weeds, and legal implications. Features practical, innovative weed management strategies that farmers and researchers have developed. Examines failures as well as successes.

Title: Conversion to Organic Agriculture in Australia: Problems and Possibilities in the Cereal-Livestock Industry
Author: Wynen, Els
Publisher: Sydney, Australia: The National Association for Sustainable Agriculture (Australia), June 1992. 139 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.W96 1992
Annotation: This project, designed to gather information about organic cereal-livestock farming in Australia, analyzes the reasons that caused farmers to convert from conventional to organic agriculture and the methods used. Focuses on problems they encountered in Australia's several climate and soil zones, and, in hindsight, what they might have done differently; the costs of conversion, e.g., capital investment, decreased yields, different machinery, weeds and pests, establishing new markets; the relevance of family, community, and institutional support; and advice for those considering transition.

Title: CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops
Author: Duke, James A. and Judith L. duCellier
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1993. 536 p.
NAL Number: SB111.D85 1993
Annotation: Contains profiles on 130 plant species suggested as alternative crops for the tropics. Each plant profile lists culinary, medicinal, energy and other uses, as well as information on chemistry, physical description, ecology, cultivation, harvesting, yields, and pest control factors.

Title: Creating A Sustainable Food System: Pioneers Tell Their Story
Publisher: St. Paul: Minnesota Food Association, 1992. 87 p.
NAL Number: HD9007.M6C74 1992
Annotation: A survey of 33 Minnesota sustainable food growers, processors and consultants concerning production, marketing and future plans. Includes grain growers, beef, dairy and poultry producers, vegetable and fruit growers, honey and maple syrup producers--their experiences, problems, and views.

Inquiries may be made to Minnesota Food Association, 2395 University Ave., Room 309, St. Paul, MN 55114.

Title: Criteria for Measuring Sustainability of Livestock Production Systems
Authors: de Wit, J. et al
Publisher: Zeist, Netherlands: DLO Research Institute for Animal
Production "Schoonoord", July 1993. Report B-394. 95 p.
NAL Number: 49.9.UT72R no. B-394
Annotation: Looks at the essential elements of sustainability that include livestock in an agricultural system. Considers food shortages, land scarcity, soil degradation, inefficient use of energy, nutrients, water, deforestation, environmental pollution, and decline in biodiversity. Offers methods for modeling and analyzing criteria to determine the sustainability of livestock in different production systems and situations.

Title: Crop Enterprise and Principal Rotation Budgets for Sustainable Agriculture Case Farms in South Dakota
Authors: Becker, David L.; Thomas L. Dobbs; Donald C. Taylor
Publisher: Brookings, SD: South Dakota State University, May 1990. Economics Research Report 90-2. 79 p.
NAL Number: HD1775.S8R47 No. 90-2
Annotation: Report focuses on 12 sustainable farming operations in South Dakota. Describes procedures used in developing budgets based on crop rotations, and costs (operating, fixed, and land). Includes budget spreadsheets and an economic overview of the 12 farms.

Title: Crop Improvement for Sustainable Agriculture
Editors: Callaway, M. Brett and Charles A. Francis
Publisher: Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993. 261 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86O97 v.4
Annotation: Volume 4 in the series, Our Sustainable Future. Stresses the importance of plant breeding (including trees for agroforestry) and the need to increase genetic diversity to enhance the efficiency of resource use and to produce plants with higher stress tolerance and resistance to insects, weeds and other pests. Breeding objectives should be built on biological systems that produce crops that are compatible with field environments rather than modifying the environment to fit the requirements of crops. Examines plant breeding objectives, methods and applications and strategies for genetic improvement. Discusses the role of seed companies and biotechnology in contributing to these objectives.

Title: Crop Protection and Sustainable Agriculture
Editors: Chadwick, Derek and Joan Marsh
Publisher: Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, 1993. 285 p.
NAL Number: SB950.A2C76 1993
Annotation: Ciba Foundation Symposium no. 177, World Food Production by Means of Sustainable Agriculture, held Nov. 30 -Dec. 2, 1992, in Madras, India. Includes discussions on methods for decreasing crop damage in both intensive and extensive agricultural systems. Describes surveillance and monitoring techniques for encouraging natural pest predators, biological controls, developing resistant crop varieties, encouraging and assisting farmers to experiment.

Title: Crop Protection in Organic and Low Input Agriculture: Options for Reducing Agrochemical Usage (British Crop Protection Council Monograph No. 45)
Editor: Unwin, Roger
Publisher: Farnham, Surrey, United Kingdom: British Crop Protection Council, 1990. 254 p.
NAL Number: SB599.B73
Annotation: Papers from the proceedings of a symposium held at Churchill College, Cambridge, UK, September 4-6, 1990. Provides a view of the research and useful work being done to develop techniques, materials, and alternative approaches for reducing the use of chemicals in agriculture and lessening the risk of reduced crop yield and quality. Includes discussions on weed, pest, and disease control that result from intercropping, cover crops, plant resistance, natural enemies of pests, compost and green manure. Focuses largely on vegetable and cereal crops.

Title: Crop Rotation Studies on the Canadian Prairies
Authors: Campbell, C.A., et al
Publisher: Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Government Publishing Centre, 1990. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch publication 1841/E. 133 p.
NAL Number: 7.C16 Pu No. 1841/E
Annotation: Reviews climatic, physical, and economic conditions in western Canada that have influenced crop selection and management. Describes materials and methods used in crop rotation experiments and their effects on crop production and quality, pests and diseases, soil quality and moisture, economic and energy considerations.

Title: Cropping Systems in Intensive Agriculture
Editor: Djumalieva, D. and Anton Vassilev
Publisher: New Delhi, India: M D Publications, 1993. 214 p.
NAL Number: S602.5.C7713 1993
Annotation: An English translation of a l986 Bulgarian publication. Discusses crop rotations based on ecological conditions; relationship of crop rotation with soil fertility; and protecting plants from diseases, pests and weeds. Includes rotation schemes for cereals, vegetables and tobacco.

Title: Crops Residue Management
Editors: Hatfield, J.L. and B.A. Stewart
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1994. 220 p.
NAL Number: S627.C76C76 1994
Annotation: A title in the series, Advances in Soil Science, collected from material presented at a workshop in Kansas City in 1992. Offers information about residue management strategies in the U.S. Pacific Northwest, Midwest, Great Plains, Southeast, and Northeast. Discusses the benefits of cover crops and rotations, and the influence of crop residues on pest management.

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Title: Defining Sustainable Forestry
Editors: Aplet, Gregory H., et al (Wilderness Society)
Publisher: Washington, DC: Island Press, 1993. 328 p.
NAL Number: SD387.S87D44 1993
Annotation: A collection of papers from a conference held in January 1992, jointly sponsored by the Wilderness Society, American Forests, and World Resources Institute. The conference attempted to create a framework upon which to base future development of forestry. Concluded that there is insufficient understanding of forest ecosystems to accurately define how an ecosystem approach will differ from conventional forest management. Management will require a broader concept of what constitutes a forest ecosystem and must consider the social, economic and political factors that will affect an ecological approach. Topics include exploring the objectives of sustainable forestry; regional approaches to sustainable ecological systems; social and policy considerations.

Title: Delaying the Development of Herbicide Resistant Ryegrass by Using Alternative Weed Control Strategies
Authors: Diggle, A.J.; G.S. Gill; J.E. Holmes
Publisher: South Perth, Western Australia: Western Australia Department of Agriculture, March 1994. 13 p. Miscellaneous publication no. 14/94.
NAL Number: S397.M57
Annotation: Analyzes results of using alternative methods to control ryegrass in wheat-lupin rotations in Western Australia. Discusses and compares rotation schedules, financial costs of controlling ryegrass, and genetic resistance of ryegrass to herbicides.

*Title: Designing Green Support Programs
Editor: Lynch, Sarah
Publisher: Greenbelt, MD: Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture, December 1994. Policy Studies Program Report no. 4. 119 p.
NAL Number: HD1765.D47 1994
Annotation: Green Support Programs (GSP) promote farm income and viability while protecting the environment from agricultural pollution. Several options are considered in this report, including incentive payments, price supports, taxes, fines, and other regulatory measures. One option would be a voluntary program providing payments to farmers and owners of farm land as incentives for environmental improvements. Analyzes the objectives, cost-effectiveness, economic and other factors that would influence the design and implementation of a GSP.

Inquiries may be made to Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture, 9200 Edmonston Rd., Suite 117, Greenbelt, MD 20770-1551.

Title: Development of Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems in Africa
Author: Okigbo, Bede N.
Publisher: Ibadan, Nigeria: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, 1991. 66 p.
NAL Number: S542.A4055 1991
Annotation: Examines the socioeconomic factors, natural and human resources, and climatic conditions that must be considered in determining the scope and success of sustainable systems in Africa.

Title: Dictionary of Biological Control and Integrated Pest Management
Authors: Coombs, R.F. and S.G. Lisansky
Publisher: Newbury, Berkshire, England: CPL Press, 1993. 174 p.
NAL Number: SB933.3.C65 1993
Annotation: A reference book of insects, microbes, diseases, genetic and other terms that are pertinent to biological control and management of pests and diseases.

Title: Diversity, Farmer Knowledge, and Sustainability
Editor: Moock, Joyce Lewinger and Robert E. Rhoades
Publisher: Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992. 278 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86M66 1992
Annotation: Focuses on the factors that international researchers need to consider in establishing links between biological science, technology, and indigenous farmer knowledge. Emphasizes the great diversity of farming systems in Asia, Africa and Latin America and attempts to develop criteria for assessing the sustainability of food products with potential for employment and income; developing and conserving natural resources; analyzing economic and social influences.

Go to: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Top

Title: Earth User's Guide to Permaculture
Author: Morrow, Rosemary
Publisher: Kenthurst, NSW, Australia: Kangaroo Press, 1993. 152 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P47M67 1993
Annotation: A guide for implementing permaculture in either an urban or rural setting. Outlines the principles and ecological basis of permaculture. Discusses climate factors and how to accommodate them; soil components and how to improve deficiences; reducing consumption of water, how to trap, store and reuse it; using trees as windbreaks; designing and building a home; planning food gardens and orchards; raising poultry and bees; aquaculture. Examines sustainable systems in different biozones of the world. Considers the social aspects of permaculture including community land use.

Title: Eco-Agriculture: Food First Farming - Theory and Practice
Author: Kiley-Worthington, Marthe
Publisher: London: Souvenir Press, 1993. 276 p.
NAL Number: S439.K54 1993
Annotation: Written by a European who grew up in Africa and became concerned with an ever-expanding global consumer economy that threatens the environment and destroys traditional values. The book ranges from describing damage to the agricultural capabilities of East Africa to experiences in operating an ecological farm in Southeast England. Along the way are observations on the problems of modern agriculture and a misplaced dependence on technology; evaluating ecological agriculture and its chances of success; integrating animals into ecological agriculture; and the historical and cultural roles of women in the production of food. Contains black and white photographs of farming activities.

Title: Ecology and Sustainability of Southern Temperate Ecosystems
Editors: Norton, T.W. and S.R. Dovers
Publisher: Australia: CSIRO, 1994. 133 p.
NAL Number: QH77.A8E36 1994
Annotation: A portion of the book is drawn from selected papers presented at a conference, Southern Temperate Ecosystems: Origins and Diversification, held in January 1993, at the University of Tasmania in Australia. Although based largely on the ecology and forest management practices in southeastern Australia, much of the knowledge and experiences described here may be used in similar climates around the world, including the American Northwest. The various papers deal with sustaining old growth forests; the effects of timber harvesting on wildlife; retaining habitats; global change and monitoring biodiversity; research and sustainable development.

Title: The Economics of Organic Farming: An International Perspective
Editors: Lampkin, N.H. and S. Padel
Wallingford, Oxon, United Kingdom: CAB International, 1994. 468 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.E26 1994
Annotation: Using experiences from Europe, Australia, and North America, the book covers the financial aspects and implications of adopting organic farming practices. Describes the origins, development, and significance of organic farming. Compares conventional, organic, and other alternative agricultural systems. Analyzes the characteristics and performance of organic operations in Great Britain, Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, and the U.S., considering production, income, marketing, social factors, and the effects on land and communities. Devotes considerable attention to the impact government agricultural policies and assistance has had on organic farming in Europe.

Title: Effects of Including Alfalfa in Whole-Farm Plans: Comparison of Conventional, Ridge Till, and Alternative Farming Systems
Authors: Mends, Clarence, and Thomas L. Dobbs
Publisher: Brookings, SD: South Dakota State University, April 1991. Economics Staff Paper 91-1. 21 p.
NAL Number: HD1775.S8E262 No. 91-1
Annotation: Results of research trials that SDSU has been conducting since 1985, comparing conventional, reduced tillage, and low chemical input systems. Conventional and ridge till methods that used rotated corn, soybeans and spring wheat were compared with an alternative method that used rotated oats, alfalfa, soybeans and corn. The alternative farming system was the most profitable in two out of five years and its five-year average profitability was the highest of the three systems. This paper seeks to determine the effect of including alfalfa in conventional and ridge till systems. The alternative system is a four-year rotation that involves no commercial chemical fertilizers or pesticides. Conventional and ridge till systems are three-year rotations in which synthetic chemical fertilizers and herbicides are used.

Title: Enduring Seeds
Author: Habhan, Gary Paul
Publisher: San Francisco: North Point Press, 1989. 225 p.
NAL Number: E98.A3N3
Annotation: A Study of North American Indian agriculture in the tropics and near-tropics of Central America and the southeastern U.S., the drylands of Mexico and the U.S. southwest, the grasslands and woodlands of the upper U.S. and Canada. Promotes the view that the form of Indian agriculture was a connection between local economy and the surrounding ecosystem, meant to ensure cultural stability. Agriculture is "native not merely when native people are the farmers...(but) when a diversity of locally-adapted organisms function within its fields, lending them yield stability and ecological resilience."

Title: Environment and Agriculture: Rethinking Development Issues for the 21st Century: Proceedings of a Symposium in Honor of Robert D. Havener held May 5 and 6, 1993, at Winrock International, Morrilton, Arkansas
Editor: Breth, Steven
Publisher: Morrilton, AR: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, 1994. 265 p.
NAL Number: S401.E58 1994
Annotation: Topics include: managing soil and other conditions for achieving a global sustainable agriculture; water resource and conservation strategies; the effect of forest resources on agricultural productivity and environmental quality; wildlife and other ecosystem factors involved in the development of African rangelands; the key role of genetic conservation and biodiversity for future sustainability. Discussions cover cultural, economic, and social implications of development assistance.

Inquiries may be made to Winrock International, Route 3, Box 376, Morrilton, AR 72110-9537.

Title: Environment, Development, Agriculture: Integrated Policy Through Human Ecology
Author: Glaeser, Bernhard
Publisher: London: UCL Press, 1995, 174 p.
NAL Number: HC79.E5G57 1995
Annotation: A philosophical, theoretical, and historical treatment of human ecology. Looks at the ethics of environmental policy, and how human interaction with nature and the environment may be made ecologically sustainable. Reviews environmental policies in Germany and China, and a human ecology approach to sustainable agriculture on several islands off the Indian coast. Concludes with views on the future of agrarian culture and technological development, and strategies for change.

Title: The Environmental Gardener: The Solution to Pollution for Lawns and Gardens
Author: Sombke, Laurence
Publisher: New York: MasterMedia Limited, 1991. 157 p.
NAL Number: SB454.3.E57S25
Annotation: The third volume in a series on environmental pollution, it is a manual for landscaping, lawn care, composting, growing shrubs, trees, fruits and vegetables by using methods that are non-polluting, environmentally sound, and cost effective.

Title: Environmental Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture: Report on a National Workshop, November 28-29, 1991
Editor: Hamblin, Ann
Publisher: Canberra, Australia: Bureau of Rural Resources et al, 1992. 96 p.
NALNumber: S478.A1E58 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a workshop that defined key indicators for measuring and monitoring trends in sustainability in Australia. These indicators were separated into three broad categories: (1) management, including finance, profitability, planning and operations; (2) production, involving productivity of crops and animals relative to water, nutrients, labor, and other variables; (3) condition of the resource base, consisting of soil fertility, physical condition, biomass, and water quality. Provides an overview of the diverse agro-ecological regions of Australia and discusses methods and criteria for evaluating the sustainability of Australian agriculture.

Title: Environmental Soil Science
Author: Tan, Kim H.
Publisher: New York: Marcel Dekker, 1994. 304 p.
NAL Number: S591.T35 1994
Annotation: Designed as both a reference source for agronomists, environmentalists, foresters and others, and a text for students in soil chemistry, forest resources, and ecology. Examines how the solid, liquid and gas constituents of soil interact with the environment and the role of environmental factors in the formation of different types of soil. Discusses the weathering of primary minerals and formation of clay minerals. Examines organic elements, including acids, lipids, proteins and carbohydrates; soil biomass; beneficial effects of microorganisms in
decomposition, mineralization, carbon and nitrogen cycles; soil aeration; classification of soil water; electrochemical properties of soil solids. Considers the effects of clearing new land, plantation agriculture, agroforestry, organic farming and intensifying soil productivity of crops. Looks at soilless agriculture, such as aquaculture and hydroponics; the impact of agricultural and industrial waste, acid rain, the greenhouse effect, and other types of pollution.

Title: Environmentally Compatible Agricultural Development: Resource, Food and Income Security as a Task for Development and Structural Policy
Author: Otzen, Uwe
Publisher: Berlin: German Development Institute, 1992. 59 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86O89 1992
Annotation: Assesses soil and water degration and damage to the international environment caused by growing population, overuse of resources, land tenure systems, trade and commercial systems, industrialization, climatic factors. Defines criteria for ecological changes in agricultural structures; appropriate strategies for stabilizing resources and implementing sound agricultural policies.

Title: Environmentally Sound Agriculture: Proceedings of the Second Conference
Editors: Campbell, Kenneth L.; Wendy D. Graham; A.B. "Del" Bottcher
Publisher: St. Joseph, MI: American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1994. 578 p.
NAL Number: S589.7E57 1994
Annotation: Papers presented at a conference held April 20-22, 1994, in Orlando, FL. Topics include planning agricultural production systems as ecosystems for sustainability; real estate law--habitat preservation, tax benefits and capitalization available to farmers; preventing water pollution on farms; management technologies; information systems and education; nutrient management; erosion control; water management; pesticide containment; waste management and utilization.

Inquiries may be made to American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 2950 Niles Rd., St. Joseph, MI 49085-9659.

Title: Ethics, Public Policy, and Agriculture
Authors: Thompson, Paul B.; Robert J. Matthews; Eileen O. van Ravenswaay
Publisher: New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1994. 268 p.
NAL Number: BJ52.5.T54 1994
Annotation: Discusses the ethical issues involved in several aspects of agriculture and public policy, such as resource management, food production, distribution and consumption. Examines criteria for analyzing social ethics and public policy; factors involved in determining food safety policy (reviews the Alar debate); goals of environmental policy; farm animal welfare; foreign agricultural assistance; views of sustainable agriculture (including a critique of the ideas of Wes Jackson and Miguel Altieri); agrarian traditionalism and the future of the family farm.

Title: Evaluation for Sustainable Land Management in the Developing World
Editors: Dumanski, J. et al
Publisher: Bangkok, Thailand: International Board for Soil Research and Management (IBSRAM), 1991. 3 vols., 81 p., 631 p., 140 p.
NAL Number: HD1131.I57 1991
Annotation: Proceedings of an IBSRAM workshop held at Chiang Rai, Thailand, Sept. 15-21, 1991. Objectives were to develop concepts for evaluating sustainable land management, prepare and test a framework for sustainable land management. Most of the technical papers deal with Asian or African experiences. Topics include agroclimatic guidelines, environmental aspects, genetic resources, soil and water management, livestock and food production, economic and social aspects, methods for measuring the sustainability of managed ecosystems, research needs and forecasting future production.

Title: Extending Sustainable Systems
Publisher: [St. Paul, MN]: Minnesota State Department of Agriculture; University of Minnesota, 1990. 343 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86E98 1990
Annotation: Presentations from a conference held on May 9-10, 1990. Includes papers on dryland legume-cereal rotations; the profitability and economics of alternative farming systems; using nonconventional soil additives such as limestone, rock phosphate, ground mineral deposits, composted organic materials, sulfates, humates, kelp, alcohol and ether compounds; biological and microbial stimulants; tillage systems; intensive rotational grazing with dairy herds; sustainable production of swine; non-chemical weed control in corn and soybeans; research on weed management; the process of converting from conventional to sustainable agriculture.

Title: Extension and Education Materials for Sustainable Agriculture
Editors: King, James W. and Charles A. Francis
Publisher: Lincoln, NE: Center for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, University of Nebraska, 1994. 390 p. in 2 vols.
NAL Number: S441.E98 1994 v.1; v.2
Annotation: As the title indicates, this is a set of teaching materials and suggested curricula primarily for faculty and extension workers. It is a guide to presenting and discussing the primary topics and issues in sustainable agriculture, including the design of cropping systems, weed management, soil fertility, biodiversity, economics, leases and tenant agreements for converting to sustainable agriculture, cooperation between producers and environmentalists, and the relationship between sustainability and rural communities. Uses case studies and a variety of sources to assist the educator.

Inquiries may be made to Center for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0940.

Title: Extensive and Organic Livestock Systems: Animal Welfare Implications
Publisher: South Mimms, Hertfordshire, England: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, 1993. 123 p.
NAL Number: HV4757.E98 1993
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium organized by the Federation and the Humane Slaughter Association, held at Cirencester, England on Sept. 10 and 11, 1990. Although mostly a reflection of British experience, much of the material provided may have a wider application. Topics include organic farming in the UK and the role of livestock; poultry, dairy farming, beef production, pigs, sheep, health and disease, rare and traditional livestock breeds, mobile slaughterhouses.

Go to: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Top

*Title: Family Agriculture: Tradition and Transformation
Author: Francis, David G.
Publisher: London: Earthscan Publications, 1994. 228 p.
NAL Number: HD1476.A3F73 1994
Annotation: A look at the economic and social roles of family farming around the world and the effects of pressure that large-scale agriculture is exerting on the family farm. Analyzes the values that family agriculture contributes " an organizational structure, not a ...small size production unit." Suggests that family agriculture finds it increasingly difficult to compete with industrialized farming in the accumulation of wealth, modernization, and economic growth. The conflict is often between profit and preservation. The author does not believe that family agriculture should be maintained simply for historic or nostalgic reasons, but because it seems to be the best organization for "protecting national agricultural resources." Demonstrates how technology and information systems can contribute to the survival of family farming in both developed and developing countries.

Title: Farm Program Flexibility Options and Sustainable Agriculture
Authors: Dobbs, Thomas L. and David L. Becker
Publisher: Brookings, SD: South Dakota State University, September 1991. Economics Research Report 91-9. 42 p.
NAL Number: HD 1775.S8R47 No. 91-9
Annotation: Another in a series of SDSU reports on implications for conventional and sustainable farming systems of public policy options. Describes three proposals that were introduced in Congress during debates on the 1990 Farm Bill--Normal Crop Acreage (NCA) program, Triple Base program, and Integrated Farm Management Program Option (IFMPO). Analyzes the effects of each program on ten farms (five conventional and five sustainable) selected from different areas in South Dakota. Provides textual, graphic and tabular analyses of gathered data. Concludes that the NCA program may encourage more sustainable farming. Triple Base program does not greatly affect profitability and probably would do little to encourage adoption of sustainable agriculture. IFMPO generally causes a decrease in net income for conventional farms in corn-soybean areas and an increase for the single wheat growing conventional farm. IFMPO has potential for encouraging transition to sustainable systems in some areas.

Title: Farmer First: Farmer Innovation and Agricultural Research
Editors: Chambers, Robert; Arnold Pacey; Lori Ann Thrupp
Publisher: New York: The Bootstrap Press, 1989. 218 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.I5F37
Annotation: Published discussions among natural and social scientists at a workshop held at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, UK, in July 1987. Focuses on the substantial problems for resource-poor farmers in the Third World. Discusses the successes and failures of farmers' innovations and the often antithetical relationship between farmers' practices and the attitudes of scientists. Includes views on encouraging and teaching farmers small-scale experimentation; on-farm research; farmer participation in technology development; organizing farmers groups and workshops; the role of institutions in practical change.

Title: Farmer Participation in Research for Sustainable Agriculture
Editor: Rogers, Julie
Publisher: Fayetteville, AR: Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA), 1990. 91 p.
NAL Number: S540.O53F3
Annotation: Conference sponsored by the Arkansas/Oklahoma Sustainable Agriculture Network in Fayetteville, AR, October 8, 1989. Topics include on-farm research methodologies, farmer participation in determining the land-grant agenda, planning and funding on-farm research. Includes an update on the USDA Low-Input Sustainable Agriculture (LISA) program.

Available for purchase from ATTRA, PO Box 3657, Fayetteville, AR 72702.

Title: Farming and Clean Water: A Community Action Guide
Publisher: [Minnesota]: The Minnesota Project/the Midwest Consortium on Groundwater and Farm Chemicals, March 1993. 110 p.
NAL Number: TD427.A35F37 1993
Annotation: Explains the principles of sustainable agriculture and how these contribute to the protection of groundwater. Defines a Special Protection Area (SPA) as a region with groundwater or surface water pollution from farming and strategies for communities, associations, and individuals to pursue in combating the problem. Offers ideas for community decision making and how to effect change; what information and research is required, such as analyzing the hydrogeology of the area, water quality, pollution sources, types of farms in the area, public agencies and non-government organizations that are involved in groundwater protection. Suggests educational, regulatory, and motivational approaches. Contains a directory of organizations that may be contacted for information and government agencies in each state responsible for groundwater.

Title: Farming for Profit and Stewardship: Sustainable Agriculture in the Pacific Northwest
Editors: Granatstein, David and Elizabeth Kirby
Publisher: Pullman, WA: Washington State University, Department of Agronomy and Soils, June 1990. 71 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86T7 1989
Annotation: Focuses on farming systems east of the Cascade Mountains in both irrigated and dryland areas. Irrigated areas grow a wide variety of crops and face problems with energy costs, groundwater contamination, and pest control. In dryland areas, where small grain production predominates, soil conservation and moisture management pose the biggest challenges for sustainability. Researchers, extension workers and farmers discuss concerns for a safe, high-quality food supply and practical, profitable farming strategies and techniques that protect the environment.

Title: Farming for the Future: An Introduction to Low-External-Input and Sustainable Agriculture
Authors: Reijntjes, Coen; Bertus Haverkort; Ann Waters-Bayer
Publishers: London: Macmillan Press; Leusden, Netherlands: Information Centre for Low-External-Input and Sustainable Agriculture (ILEIA), 1992. 250 p.
NAL Number: S481.R45 1992
Annotation: Of primary interest to those working in rural development and researchers interested in the Third World. It was written as a general introduction and not a training manual. Although most of the research and experiences presented here come from the tropics, much of it has a wider application. An important objective is to determine how development workers can assist small-scale farmers in generating techniques and innovations to obtain sufficient yields without depleting local resources. The book opens with background information about basic trends in tropical agriculture - excessive use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides, fossil fueled machinery, questionable irrigation schemes; overuse of marginal land that leads to erosion and depletion of resources. Attention is given to how and why farmers make the decisions they do. Gives examples of local farming systems and opportunities for innovation. Describes the basic principles of low-external-input sustainable agriculture and ways to develop these concepts in the tropics. Makes wide use of field experiences and options that are available.

Title: Farming in Nature's Image: An Ecological Approach to Agriculture
Authors: Soule, Judith D. and Jon K. Piper (of The Land Institute); with a foreword by Wes Jackson
Publisher: Washington, DC: Island Press, 1992. 286 p.
NAL Number: S441.S757
Annotation: Describes the extent of pollution, erosion, contamination, soil and water depletion, and other ecological damage caused by conventional agriculture, and the resulting economic and social problems on farms and in rural communities. Views the present situation as a crisis that stems from the industrialization of agriculture by mechanization, extensive use of chemicals, genetic uniformity of crops, and a general trend that works against nature. Stresses the importance of adopting an ecological approach based on natural cycles, interaction, and a long-term perspective. Focuses on the significance of natural ecosystems for sustainable agriculture, using the prairie ecosystem as a model. Discusses incentives and forces that are necessary to sustainability.

Title: Farming More Sustainably in the South: Nine Farmers' Stories
Editors: Richards, Keith and Janet Bachmann
Publisher: [s.l.]: Southern Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, January 1994. 30 p.
NAL Number: S445.F47 1994
Annotation: Profiles of diverse sustainable farming operations that include dairying in South Carolina, growing cotton without chemicals in Tennessee and Texas, raising sugarcane and soybeans in Louisiana, growing flowers and herbs for market in Arkansas, a Mississippi farmer's integrated livestock-crop operation, raising pumpkins in Oklahoma, and a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) project in Alabama.

Title: Farming Systems for Iowa: Seeking Alternatives: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture 1990 Conference Proceedings
Publisher: Ames, IA: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, 1990. 112 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86F37 1990
Annotation: Papers presented at the first conference of the Leopold Center held at Iowa State University in Ames, February 6-7, 1990. Focuses on sustainable agriculture as a means to benefit farmers and the environment. Topics include: intensive rotational grazing of livestock; year-round foraging for cows; sustainable production of swine; strip intercropping; benefits to wildlife; research in sustainable practices that are profitable to the grower and helpful to the environment. Also offers a summary of the history and purpose of the Leopold Center and its role in promoting sustainable agriculture in Iowa.

Inquiries may be made to Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, 126 Soil Tilth Bldg., Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

Title: Fertile Soil: A Grower's Guide to Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers (2nd ed.)
Author: Parnes, Robert
Publisher: Davis, CA: agAccess, 1990. 190 p.
NAL Number: S633.P33 1990
Annotation: An expanded version of the original 1986 edition, titled Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers, this is a comprehensive guide to creating productive soil by using balanced fertilization. Reviews key elements of soil fertility, provides detailed information on using organic and inorganic fertilizers. Includes nutrient contents of fertilizers, organic materials, and compost; estimating fertilizer requirements for grains and vegetables; using manures; fertilizing value of cover crops.

Title: Financing Alternative Agriculture: Model State Initiatives for Financing Conversion to Alternative Agricultural Practices
Author: Boller, Timothy
Publisher: Washington, DC: Center for Policy Alternatives, June 1994. 14 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65B65 1994
Annotation: Proposes several model programs for states to consider in encouraging and assisting farmers to convert from conventional to alternative agriculture. These programs address the financial obstacles that farmers face when considering conversion. The proposals include issuing bonds and taxing agricultural chemicals to finance loans for agricultural operations that are economically and ecologically sound; and leasing suitable state-owned land for sustainable farming. Includes a suggested amendment to Missouri's Linked Deposit Law, legislation designed to enable farmers to borrow funds for the implementation and enhancement of environmentally sound agricultural operations.

Inquiries may be made to Center for Policy Alternatives, 1875 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 710, Washington, DC 20009.

Title: Fit for a Pig: Low-cost/Sustainable Strategies of Resourceful Hog Farmers
Author: Gralla, Shawn
Publisher: Hartington, NE: Beginning Farmer Support Network, Center for Rural Affairs, [1991?]. 46 p.
NAL Number: SF395.G73 1991
Annotation: Promotes the concept that hog production is an effective means for beginning farmers to build equity with relatively low to medium capital investment. Relates low-cost practices used by successful hog farmers in Nebraska, Iowa and South Dakota. Topics include feeding systems, buildings, equipment, breeding stock.

Inquiries may be made to Beginning Farmer Support Network, Center for Rural Affairs, Box 736, Hartington, NE 68739.

*Title: Food, Agriculture, and Rural Policy into the Twenty-First Century: Issues and Trade-Offs
Hallberg, Milton C.; Robert G.F. Spitze; Daryll E. Ray
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. 406 p.
NAL Number: HD9006.F56 1994
Annotation: Includes articles by 47 contributors primarily on U.S. public policy issues regarding land use, water, sustainable agriculture, commodity supply and price stability, domestic and international food aid programs, trade agreements, rural development, research, and education in the U.S. Offers an overview of both the U.S. and international agricultural economy and the structure of agricultural production and processing.

Title: Food for the Future: Conditions and Contradictions of Sustainability
Editor: Allen, Patricia
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1993. 328 p.
NAL Number: HD1415.F633 1993
Annotation: A discussion of the social, ethical, economic and political aspects of sustainability by 15 leading contributors, including Miguel Altieri, Kenneth Dahlberg, Carolyn Sachs, Neill Schaller, Garth Youngberg. Explores approaches to understanding and developing sustainability, barriers facing sustainability, the potential and limitations of sustainable systems.

Title: Food from Dry Lands: An Integrated Approach to Planning of Agricultural Development
Editors: Alberda, Th. et al
Publisher: Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992. 211 p.
NAL Number: S613.F57 1992
Annotation: Volume 1 in the series, Systems Approaches for Sustainable Agricultural Development. From experiences and data gained in the semiarid regions of Israel agro-pastoral systems were designed that include grazing and pastures; moisture, nutrients and plant production; sheep raising; cropping; economic elements.

*Title: For All Generations: Making World Agriculture More Sustainable
Editors: Madden, J. Patrick and Scott G. Chaplowe
Publisher: Glendale, CA: OM Publishing, 1997. 642 p.
NAL Number: (being processed)
Annotation: A publication of the World Sustainable Agriculture Association, that includes contributions, in addition to Madden and Chaplowe, from Frederick Kirschenmann, Bruce H. Moore, Roger Blobaum, Joan D. Gussow, William D. Heffernan, Peter Rottach, and the late Robyn Van En. Based on the belief that "...healthy soil is the foundation of civilization." and "...sustainable agriculture is both necessary and attainable." , the book means to encourage a worldwide movement to achieve food security and sustainable civilization. Revisits the major problems produced by intensive industrial agriculture e.g., degradation of soil and resources; the untoward social consequences of concentrated land ownership, the disappearance of smaller producers, the exodus of people from rural areas, and declining communities. Discusses the concentration and domination of markets by multinational corporations; the role of organic farming in international sustainable agriculture; model sustainable programs that have been developed and used worldwide. Includes an extensive roster of organizations around the world that are promoting and implementing the transition to sustainable agriculture, their particular goals and special areas of interest, addresses and contact information. Provides a glossary of terms relevant to sustainable agriculture and a subject index, most helpful in a book of this size.

Inquiries may be made to World Sustainable Agriculture Association Publications, 8554 Melrose Ave., West Hollywood, CA 90069; fax (310) 657-3884; e-mail

Title: Forage Based Farming, Manure Handling and Farm Composting
Author: Koepf, Herbert H.
Publisher: East Troy, WI: Michael Fields Agricultural Institute, Bulletin no. 4, 1993. 48 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86M53 Bulletin no. 4
Annotation: Selected proceedings from a conference held at Michael Fields Agricultural Institute on March 18, 1993, that dealt with maintaining sustainable productive and viable farms. Includes lectures on improving grass foraging for livestock, particularly dairy cattle; manure management and processing that include using combined solid manure and slurry systems; and use of rotational grazing with dairy herds.

Inquiries may be made to Michael Fields Agricultural Institute, Inc., W2493 County Road ES, East Troy, WI 53120.

Title: The Fourth No-Till Q & A Book
Editor: Lessiter, Frank
Publisher: Brookfield, WI: Lessiter Publications, 1993. 48 p.
NAL Number: S604.N675 1993
Annotation: An updated edition to this series. Includes 184 questions asked of experts at the National No-Tillage Conference about planting, drilling, fertilization, weeds, insects, cover crops, managing residue, corn and soybeans.

Title: From A to Z in Sustainable Agriculture: A Curriculum Directory for Grades K-12
Publisher: Burlington, VT: Center for Sustainable Agriculture, University of Vermont, 1995. 117 p.
NAL Number: not in NAL collection
Annotation: A directory of "resources and contacts for educating youth about sustainable agriculture, food and fiber systems, natural resources, and their connections to our communities." A guide to teaching materials, including videos, books, lesson plans, and catalogs that will assist in helping students understand the allied topics in sustainable agriculture. Materials cover agribusiness, apiculture, apple production, aquaculture, biological agriculture, raising sheep and chickens, soils, composting, solid wastes, dairy industry, ecology, energy, conservation, nutrition, pest management, and maple sugar production. Each entry provides a brief description of the item and where it may be obtained. Provides an index to materials for each grade level. Also includes a listing of information centers where additional materials are available.

Inquiries may be made to Center for Sustainable Agriculture, University of Vermont, 590 Main St., Burlington, VT 05405-0059; or by contacting Elizabeth Seyler: or (802) 656-0827.

Title: From Land to Mouth: Understanding the Food System (2nd ed.)
Author: Kneen, Brewster
Publisher: Toronto: NC Press, 1993. 223 p.
NAL Number: HD9000.5.K526 1993
Annotation: Originally published in 1989, this revised and expanded edition describes how the global food system functions and how it might function. Includes everything from farm suppliers to retail outlets, from farmer to consumer, and the integration of production, processing and distribution. Looks at the cultural aspects and logic of a food system that provides abundance for the wealthy while producing hunger and ecological disaster. Proposes the creation of local sustainable food systems founded on justice and a sense of community.

Title: From the Good Earth: A Celebration of Growing Food Around the World
Author: Ableman, Michael
Publisher: New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1993. 168 p.
NAL Number: SB175.A25 1993
Annotation: With a foreword by Wes Jackson. A wide ranging photographic essay, with accompanying text, of contrasting farm operations. Includes chemical-free and other ventures in California, peasant plots and indigenous crops in Peru; intercropping and traditional methods in China; farming for export and survival in Africa; Hopi cultivation in the Arizona desert; Sicilian traditional farming. Looks at environmental and human health and pesticides; urban gardening; how food is marketed locally around the world. Considerable attention is given to sustainable agriculture.

Title: From the Ground Up: Rethinking Industrial Agriculture
Authors: Goering, Peter; Helena Norberg-Hodge; John Page
Publisher: Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed Books, 1993. 120 p.
NAL Number: S439.G64 1993
Annotation: A review of the characteristics of industrial agriculture since World War II and associated environmental, social and economic problems, e.g., specialization, standardization and centralization, and their effect on the small farmer; environmental and health effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides; mechanization and the cost of fossil fuels; decline of the family farm; pressure on Third World countries to export food; biotechnology, trade and the GATT. Proposes reassessing the conventional concept of wealth and the sustainability of the present way of life. Discusses the nature and diversity of ecological agriculture; techniques for soil fertility, weed and pest control; responsible animal husbandry; the changing attitude of farmers; demand for organic products; linking farmers and consumers.

Title: From the Ground Up: Wisconsin Sustainable Farmers Tell of Their Practice and Vision (2nd ed.)
Editor: Irwin, Mike
Publisher: Madison, WI: Wisconsin Dept. of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, Ag. Resource Management Div., Sustainable Agriculture Demonstration Program, July 1992. 68 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86F76 1992
Annotation: Originally published in 1990, this is a collection of experiences, observations and suggestions from ten sustainable farmers on producing organic vegetables, raising sheep, growing amaranth, crop rotation, dairy farming, and other aspects of sustainable farming.

Title: Future Harvest: Pesticide-Free Farming
Author: Bender, Jim
Publisher: Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994. 159 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86O97 v.5
Annotation: Volume 5 in the series, Our Sustainable Future. The author shares his experiences and views gained from a transition to farming without pesticides and synthetic fertilizers on a Nebraska farm. Explores why pesticide-free farming is a necessary objective and the problems involved in converting from conventional methods. Compares alternative and conventional agriculture and deals with the common arguments used against alternative or organic systems. Examines the role of livestock in alternative agriculture.

*Title: The Future of the Land: Mobilising and Integrating Knowledge for Land Use Options
Editors: Fresco, Louise O.,
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994. 409 p.
NAL Number: HD105.F88 1994
Annotation: This book, in large measure, resulted from a conference held at Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands, August 22-25, 1993. Scientists, agriculturalists, planners, policy makers, and other participants from around the world met to discuss and compare ideas and experiences involving the often conflicting and bewildering demands for land use. Issues are viewed at four levels -- international or supranational, national, regional, and farm. Provides information on developments in land use planning, techniques and tools. Focuses on studies for land use in the European Community, Thailand, Costa Rica, Mali, and methods for assessing the consequences of introducing alternative land use practices. Introduces a method for farm-level planning called Quantitative Farming Systems Analysis (QFSA).

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Title: Getting Started in Permaculture
Authors: Mars, Ross and Jenny Mars
Publisher: Hovea, Western Australia: Candlelight Trust, 1994. 60 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P47M37 1995
Annotation: Another title in what has become an Australian specialty, permaculture. Emphasizes the need to produce the most food in the least amount of space, using methods that incorporate and benefit from a diversity of organisms, in both rural and urban environments. Permaculture's principles extend beyond agricultural techniques to include a strong ethical sense of caring for both people and the earth. This is an easy-to-follow introduction that demonstrates how to ensure good soil condition by using earthworms, compost, and little or no tilling. Using chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, and other artificial applications is not encouraged. Pest control is achieved by planting complementary crops, employing biological agents, and fashioning other methods. Offers practical advice for designing site-specific strategies that include recyling discarded items, such as tires, plastic bottles, and newspapers; living more responsibly by making household items, such as paper, soap, cleaning and personal hygiene products; planting trees; building hothouses and shadehouses; sheet mulching; making compost; preparing liquid fertilizers from seaweed, herbs, animals, and worms. Because earthworms are so important for soil conditioning, a chapter is devoted to creating and maintaining an earthworm farm. The concepts and designs discussed in the book are well illustrated by simple drawings, layouts, and color photographs.

Title: The Global Environment: Securing a Sustainable Future
Authors: ReVelle, Penelope and Charles ReVelle
Publisher: Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1992. 480 p.
NAL Number: TD174.R52 1992
Annotation: Designed as a college text for environmental studies. Draws from current ideas and principles on which a sustainable society might be based. Provides an overview of the diverse types of ecosystems. Discusses threats to land and wildlife resources, such as erosion, desertification, and accelerating loss of biodiversity. Attention is given to pesticides, food production and human health; the need for alternative agricultural schemes and setting goals for agriculture; efficient use of conventional and renewable energy; disposing and recycling of wastes; the effects of air pollution, acid rain, ozone depletion, global climate change; causes and consequences of water pollution; and the necessary components of a sustainable society. Uses familiar topics to illustrate various aspects, such as the spotted owl, old growth forests, the Alar experience, locust and screw worm plagues in Africa, agroforestry and polycropping.

Title: Grassland Management and Nature Conservation: British Grasslands Society (BGS) Occasional Symposium No. 28
Editors: Haggar, R.J. and S. Peel
Publisher: United Kingdom: British Grasslands Society, 1994. 336 p.
NAL Number: SB197.B7
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference, jointly sponsored by BGS and the British Ecological Society, held at Leeds University, September 27-29, 1993. Papers cover issues and experiences that are mostly associated with European grasslands. Topics include: effects of grazing animals, fertilizers and pesticides; plant and animal diversity in grassland systems; meadow management in Switzerland, Holland, Britain, and Spain; landscape ecology; long-term effects of sewage sludge on metals in soil; methods for monitoring grasslands.

Title: Gray World, Green Heart: Technology, Nature, and the Sustainable Landscape
Author: Thayer, Robert L. Jr.
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994. 352 p.
NAL Number: GE140.T48 1994
Annotation: A title in the Wiley Series in Sustainable Design. A thoughtful analysis of the adversarial relationship between nature and technology, and the difficulty Americans have in comprehending this relationship because of cultural and lifestyle attitudes. Deals with the dilemma of competing societal interests. Discusses the characteristics of environmental quality and the changing views Americans have of the environment.

Title: Green Manure Crops: The Organic Alternative for Improving Soils
Authors: Gardner, Bruce and Wendy Morgan
Publisher: East Melbourne, Vic., Australia: Agmedia, 1993. 52 p.
NAL Number: SB284.3.A8G37 1993
Annotation: A booklet that provides information about using green manures in high rainfall conditions and dryland cereal areas. Explains the benefits of green manures in improving soil structure and nutrition and offers advice on selecting and managing green manure crops. Discusses some disadvantages of using green manures, mostly as a result of poor management, such as depleting moisture in non-irrigated soil, competing with subsequent cash crops for nutrition, providing a habitat for certain pests.

Title: Green Plans: Greenprint for Sustainability
Author: Johnson, Huey D.
Publisher: Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1995. 206 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86O97, v.7
Annotation: This is the 7th volume in the series, Our Sustainable Future. "Green plans are comprehensive environmental strategies that represent the most effective tool yet developed to protect and sustain the global environment." Generally, the concept is to end, and hopefully reverse, environmental deterioration caused by industrialism. Examines the implementation and performance of these plans in the Netherlands, New Zealand, and Canada, and those being considered elsewhere. Discusses the essential cooperation among government, business, environmentalists, and communities.

Title: Green Production: Toward an Environmental Rationality
Author: Leff, Enrique
Publisher: New York: The Guilford Press, 1995. 168 p.
NAL Number: GF50.L4413 1995
Annotation: An English translation of Leff's 1986 Spanish edition. The Spanish title, Ecología y Capital, probably provides a better sense of this scholarly work that the author describes as "...a theoretical voyage that began with an attempt to set out conceptual principles for constructing a new productive rationality based on the integration of the primary productivity of ecological processes with the technological productivity of economic processes." Leff's objective was to determine the effects "...generated by capital's dynamic capacity to exploit and appropriate natural resources." He focused on the tropical, underdeveloped world which had suffered environmental damage because much of the technology and many of the production schemes being used were developed in and for temperate zones. This became the basis for determining sustainable economic development or ecotechnological rationality in the Third World. Looks at historical and cultural factors, agroindustrial organization, technological dependency and the loss of environmental potential, the economics of environmental policy, and the importance of political and social change.

Title: Greenbook '94
Editor: Monsen, Wayne
Publisher: St. Paul, MN: Energy and Sustainable Agriculture Program, Minnesota Department of Agriculture, June 1994. 96 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86M56 1994
Annotation: Discusses the projects of farmers, researchers, and educators involved in the sustainable agriculture grant program in Minnesota. Describes new farming practices that have been tried, failures as well as successes. Covers a wide range of topics that include: organic marketing strategies; beef cattle and rotational grazing; managing manure from dairy cattle by using a rotational grazing schedule; controlling parasitic worms in livestock with diatomaceous earth; intensive controlled grazing and pasture rejuvenation on marginal land; comparing the economics of rotational grazing with row cropping; outdoor hog production; using taconite as a soil supplement; low-input and biological weed control; reducing insecticide use on corn through integrated pest management; cash crop windbreaks; integrating nutrient management with conservation tillage; flame weeding of corn; building soil humus with animal manures; controlled microbial composting. Also includes a brief description of newly funded projects in progress.

Inquiries may be made to Energy and Sustainable Agriculture Program, Minnesota Dept. of Agriculture, 90 West Plato Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55107.

Title: Greening A Brown Land: The Australian Search for Sustainable Land Use
Authors: Barr, Neil and John Cary
Publisher: South Melbourne, Australia: MacMillan Education Australia Pty Ltd, 1992. 343 p.
NAL Number: HD1033.B37 1992
Annotation: Considers the problems that Australia faces in rural land use - soil erosion, salinity, acidification and compaction; dependence on chemicals that result in residues in food; growth of introduced pests and weeds; destruction of grasslands, forests, range, and wetlands. Explores the physical, historical and social causes involved and looks at how Australian farmers are responding to these problems.

Title: The Greening of the Revolution: Cuba's Experiment With Organic Agriculture
Editors: Rosset, Peter and Medea Benjamin
Publisher: Melbourne, Australia: Ocean Press, 1994. 85 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.G75 1994
Annotation: A report of the International Scientific Delegation and Fact-finding Mission on Low-input Sustainable Agriculture in Cuba, organized by Global Exchange. Cuba, cut off from its Communist trading partners in 1990, suffered the loss of imported agrochemicals, petroleum, and foodstuffs. Faced with an agricultural crisis, Cubans began experimenting with alternative agricultural systems in what is termed "...the largest conversion from conventional agriculture to organic or semi-organic farming that the world has ever known." The report assesses the development of pest management in Cuba, including biological control that uses predatory insects, bacterial and fungal and biopesticides; the classification and management of soil; mobilization of labor; the development and dissemination of knowledge from research.

Title: Growing Into the 21st Century: Proceedings from the Second Sustainable Agriculture Symposium
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Association of Conservation Districts, 1992. 149 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S867 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium held in Memphis, July 20-22, 1992. Topics include sustainability and the outlook for U.S. agriculture; pollution prevention and resource protection; global implications of sustainable agriculture; impact of alternative tillage systems on U.S. corn and soybeans; forces shaping the future of production agriculture; conventional and organic farmers' views on sustainable agriculture; economics of promoting sustainable agriculture; environmental policy; quality of life in rural areas; opportunities and barriers to sustainable agriculture research and education. Offers several recommendations for overcoming obstacles in adopting sustainable farming practices.

Title: Growing Organically: A Practical Guide for Commercial and Home Organic Fruit Growers
Author: Lanphere, Paul G.
Publisher: Wenatchee, WA: Directed Media, 1989. 93 p.
NAL Number: SB357.24L35
Annotation: Emphasis is on creating a diversified natural environment that will support natural controls for pests and diseases. Topics include using different types of nutrients to promote tree vigor and maintain fruit production; establishing proper ground cover; thinning and prunning; storing and marketing fruit.

Title: Growing Our Future: Food Security and the Environment
Editors: Smith, Katie and Tetsunao Yamamori
Publisher: West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press, 1992. 172 p.
NAL Number: HD9000.5.G78 1992
Annotation: Papers presented at a symposium hosted by Food for the Hungry and Arizona State University at Tempe in November 1991. Focused on integrating sustainable development, protecting the environment and preventing hunger. Topics include agrarian reform and the environment in Latin America; food security and environmental degradation in Africa; the connection between hunger and environmental problems; efforts to transform dependent agricultural economies into more self-reliant, ecologically sound systems. Discusses case studies in Mali, Ethiopia, Bolivia, and Guatemala.

Title: Growing Plants without Herbicides: Chemical Free Control of Unwanted Plants
Author: Morgan, Wendy C.
Publisher: Melbourne, Australia: Schwartz and Wilkinson, 1990. 67 p.
NAL Number: SB611.5.M6
Annotation: A small paperback book that briefly discusses methods and strategies for reducing the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides in pastures, fields, and gardens. Emphasizes that weed control without herbicides depends upon good management, based on knowledge of crops and the weeds likely to cause trouble. Describes options that are available, such as mowing, cultivating, fallowing, grazing by livestock, mulching, rotating crops, proper drainage, and planting companion crops that can benefit one or both crops, i.e., using fast- growing legumes or grasses with slower-growing sweet corn. Other options for controlling weeds include using forms of energy, such as heat, electromagnetism, laser radiation, and sunlight. Looks at possible future control options that include biological agents, mycoherbicides (fungal plant pathogens), and selected toxins that are produced by plants and micro-organisms.

Title: A Guide to Sustainable Agriculture Practices
Publisher: Rochester, IL: Illinois Sustainable Agriculture Society, 1992. 39 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86G85 1992
Annotation: Includes brief interviews with several Illinois farmers who are experimenting with sustainable practices; a resource directory that lists Illinois agencies, organizations, farmers and others who can answer questions about sustainable agriculture; results of a survey that questioned farmers, consumers and environmentalists about their views on sustainable agriculture, the environment and food safety.

Inquiries may be made to Illinois Sustainable Agriculture Society, P.O. Box 649, Ashland, IL 62612.

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Title: Handbook of Organic Food Processing and Production
Editor: Wright, Simon
Publisher: New York: Blackie Academic & Professional/Chapman & Hall, 1994. 204 p.
NAL Number: TX369.H36 1994
Annotation: Although this is a manual that focuses on organic food processing, certification, and legislation in Great Britain and the European Community (EC), there is a chapter devoted to organic issues in the U.S. Gives an overview of the nature of organic production, what it costs and how it works. Provides a comparison of growing systems, marketing, and manufacturing/processing for fruit and vegetables, cereal products, meat and meat products, dairy products, wine and beer, sauces, oils, honey, jam, prepackaged and snack items. Contains a directory of organic organizations, wholesalers, and processors in Europe and the U.S.

Title: Harvest of Hope: The Potential for Alternative Agriculture to Reduce Pesticide Use
Authors: Curtis, Jennifer; Lawrie Mott; Tom Kuhnle
Publisher: New York: Natural Resources Defense Council, 1991. 124 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65C8
Annotation: Emphasizes the serious problem of environmental contamination, particularly of water supplies, by agricultural chemicals. Presents information on alternative pest control strategies, current research, and experiences of individual farmers. Focuses on potential reductions in pesticide applications for alfalfa, citrus, cotton, grape, lettuce, rice and tomato crops in California and corn and soybeans in Iowa. Discusses barriers to alternative farming practices, such as soil conditions, weather, and government policies. Recommends policy reforms to encourage adoption of alternative farming systems, including federal farm programs, marketing, agricultural research, pesticide registration requirements, water pricing.

Available for purchase from Natural Resources Defense Council Publications, 40 W. 20th Street, New York, NY 10011.

Title: Health and Sustainable Agricultural Development: Perspectives on Growth and Constraints
Editor: Ruttan, Vernon W.
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. 170 p.
NAL Number: RA441.5.H4267 1994
Annotation: The book resulted from discussions among several experts in the health, agricultural, and social sciences held at the University of Minnesota in the summer of 1990. It is a companion to an earlier book, Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment: Perspectives on Growth and Constraints, published in 1992 (NAL no. S494.5.S86S865 1992). The discussions focused on the lack of international support for health research in tropical developing countries; factors that inhibit the development of vaccines and drugs for treating tropical diseases and infections, and the possibility of a global health crisis; issues of nutrition and environmental health; and the relationship between health and agricultural development.

Title: Healthy Harvest: A Global Directory of Sustainable Agriculture and Horticulture Organizations 1992
Prepared by: The Healthy Harvest Society
Publisher: Davis, CA: agAcess, 1992. 194 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.H43
Annotation: Contains the names of over 1400 organizations around the world involved in sustainable agriculture and horticulture, including training and technical institutions, research institutes, development and design groups, political organizations, and marketing groups. These organizations are also identified in separate subject and geographical indexes.

Title: Healthy Harvest III: A Directory of Sustainable Agriculture and Horticulture Organizations 1989-1990
Editor: Preston, Deborah
Publisher: Washington, DC: Potomac Valley Press, 1989. 159 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.H43
Annotation: Contains the names of over 1000 organizations around the world involved in sustainable agriculture and horticulture, including training and technical institutions, research institutes, development and design groups, political organizations, and marketing groups. These organizations are also identified in separate subject and geographical indexes.

Title: Heifer Project International Integrated Smallholder Dairy Farming Manual
Author: Kinsey, Erwin
Publisher: Little Rock, AR: Heifer Project International, 1993. 97 p.
NAL Number: not in NAL collection
Annotation: Although designed primarily for smallholder dairy farmers in east Africa, the practices described may be applicable to other tropical and subtropical areas. The emphasis is on raising cattle, but much of the information can be used for other dairy animals such as goats, camels, buffaloes, and yaks. Considers planting, harvesting and using fodder, breeding, housing, maximizing milk production, and health problems. Discusses the interrelationship between sustainable farming and raising dairy cattle and common mistakes often made that interfere with a sustainable relationship between land and livestock.

Inquiries may be made to Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, AR 72203.

Title: Highgrove
Authors: Charles, Prince of Wales and Charles Clover
Publisher: New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. 283 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.C43 1993
Annotation: In 1980 the Prince of Wales bought a small estate in Gloucestershire. The gardens and landscaping had been neglected and an effort was begun to design a system of chemical-free gardening. The 300 acres were to be farmed organically and were to be financially viable. Describes features of the system implemented to achieve that end, including crop rotations, green manures, natural plant-based insecticides, weed control, livestock. Covers financial aspects of the farm. Describes other operations from thatching to breadmaking, and a reed bed sewage treatment system.

Title: The History of Agriculture and the Environment
Editors: Helms, Douglas and Douglas E. Bowers
Publisher: Washington, DC: The Agricultural History Society, 1993. 367 p.
NAL Number: S419.H57 1993
Annotation: Contains an interesting array of topics presented at a symposium held by the Society in Washington, June 19-22, 1991. Articles include: sustainable agriculture in ancient Egypt; Indians and agricultural policy during the New Deal; history of changes in Indian subsistence patterns and the effects on the environment in the southern Great Plains; the Dust Bowl and how farmers adapted to irrigation; a historical look at the development of composting; the introduction of Southwestern cotton, requiring less water, into the Old South; and a survey of records on the environment available at the National Archives.

Title: Hope for the Land
Author: Little, Charles E.
Publisher: New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992. 228 p.
NAL Number: HD205.L58 1991
Annotation: Discusses the concept of land stewardship, proposed by Aldo Leopold and others, and the development of a pervasive land use ethic. Emphasizes that land is the origin of community and the destruction of this relationship leads to loss of both. Looks at the competing elements in land use and the often destructive results.

Title: The Humane Consumer and Producer Guide: Buying and Producing Farm Animal Products for a Humane Sustainable Agriculture
Editors: Gips, Terry et al
Publisher: Washington, DC: The Humane Sustainable Agriculture Project of the International Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture; The Humane Society of the United States, 1993. 368 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86H86
Annotation: Defines principles and practices of humane animal husbandry and serves as a source of information for those interested in following these practices and developing markets. Includes a directory of ranches and farms producing animal products using humane and ecologically sound animal husbandry. Contains listings of processors, wholesalers and retailers who market products from humanely treated animals; researchers, consultants, educators, associations and others involved in humane sustainable agriculture.

*Title: Humic, Fulvic and Microbial Balance: Organic Soil Conditioning
Author: Jackson, William R.
Publisher: Evergreen, CO: Jackson Research Center, 1993. 958 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.J32 1993
Annotation: Described as "an agricultural text and reference book," this extensive and technical volume carries the message that soil, "the physical skin of the earth is being ruined." Jackson believes that the remedy to this devastation lies in the efficacious use of humus, particularly the key elements in humus -- humic and fulvic acids, that can correct many soil-related problems such as acidity, alkalinity, presence of heavy metals and toxic materials, and restore soil that is compact, hard, and almost lifeless. Explains, in great depth, the science involved in the molecular and chemical activity that enables humus to provide soil restoration -- particularly as a favorable medium for microbes, e.g., bacteria, fungi, algae, actinomycetes. Includes many graphs and tables, a useful (and necessary) glossary of scientific terms, and an extensive bibliography.

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Title: The Illinois Sustainable Agriculture Network: 1992 On-farm Participatory Research Program
Publisher: [Rochester, IL?: Illinois Sustainable Agriculture Network, 1993?]. Unnumbered pages.
NAL Number: S540.O53N55 1993
Annotation: Summary reports of agronomic and economic data from Illinois farmers who participated in on-farm research projects in 1992. Includes descriptions of crop treatments, crop and price yields, and farmers' comments on their experiences.

Inquiries may be made to Illinois Sustainable Agriculture Network, P.O. Box 649, Ashland, IL 62612.

Title: An Illustrated Guide to Organic Gardening
Publisher: Menlo Park, CA: Sunset Publishing Corp., 1991. 96 p.
NAL Number: SB453.5 I45
Annotation: Methods for selecting plants and producing healthy gardens in different climates and locations. How to plan a site, prepare the soil, plant and water properly, and manage pests and diseases in an environmentally safe manner. Features procedures for soil testing, preparing fertilizer, and composting. Includes illustrations of garden designs, drainage plans, types of soil, crop combinations, tools, how to apply green manure and compost, and how to identify common pests.

Title: Impacts of Rising Energy Prices on the Attractiveness of Sustainable Farming Systems
Author: Dobbs, Thomas L. and John D. Cole
Publisher: Brookings, SD: South Dakota State University, June 1991. Economics Staff Paper 91-4. 29 p.
NAL Number: HD1775.S8E262 No. 91-4
Annotation: One of a series of SDSU reports on economic aspects of sustainable agriculture. Focuses on the comparative effects of rising energy prices on sustainable and conventional farming systems. Rising prices of chemical fertilizers and herbicides should reduce the profitability of conventional systems more than that of sustainable systems. The comparative effects of rising fuel costs are less predictable. Based on case studies of selected South Dakota farms, half using sustainable systems, and half using conventional methods. Costs were grouped into six classifications - fertilizers, herbicides, fuel and lubrication, drying, labor, other direct costs. Using 1988 as the base year, price increases were not sufficiently high to reduce the profitability of conventional farming in the corn-soybeans growing areas to the levels of sustainable farming. In the spring and winter wheat areas, a 50% increase in fuel and inorganic fertilizer prices, and a 25% increase in crop drying costs reduced conventional system profitability to that of sustainable systems.

Title: Implications of Sustainable Farming Systems in the Northern Great Plains for Farm Profitability and Size
Author: Dobbs, Thomas L.
Publisher: Brookings, SD: South Dakota State University, 1993. Economics Staff Paper 93-5. 13 p.
NAL Number: HD1775.S8E262 No. 93-5
Annotation: Examines seven years of data from South Dakota farms, comparing alternative, conventional and ridge till systems, to determine net return to land management ( per acre and per hour) and farm size required to sustain a net return of 40,000.

Title: Increasing Organic Agriculture at the Local Level: A Manual for Consumers, Grocers, Farmers & Policy Makers
Author: Hansen, Maren; Phil Boise; Jim Hagen
Publisher: [Santa Barbara, CA]: Community Environmental Council, Gildea Resource Center, 1992. 98 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.H37 1992
Annotation: A manual prepared as part of a safe food project begun in 1989 in Santa Barbara County, CA. Concerned about the effects of pesticides, the project was founded to decrease their use and encourage organic agriculture by promoting supportive government legislation and increasing consumer demand for organic products. Emphasizes the importance of establishing relationships and connections at the local level that include farmers, consumers, grocers, and public officials. Focuses on the consumer as the primary factor in ensuring that organic farming becomes economically attractive to growers. Discusses how to attract consumers to organic food by using cost, quality, nutrition, health, convenience, and the environment as selling points. Offers several methods for educating the consumer and creating a positive image, e.g. flyers, newsletters, media advertising, farm tours, speaking at schools, fairs, and meetings. Suggests ways to convince grocers that marketing organic products is good business. Advises farmers on making the transition to organic production, marketing techniques, and information resources. Proposes several initiatives that can be taken at county and municipal levels to encourage organic farming, e.g. preferential tax assessments, awarding development rights, tiered water rates, programs for encouraging the production and use of compost, mulch, and wood chips.

Title: Integrated Farming Systems Research Methods 1993
Publisher: Guelph, Ont.: University of Guelph, Crop Science Dept., 1993. 69 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65I58 1993
Annotation: Papers and abstracts presented at the 12th annual Organic Agriculture Conference and Academic Symposium at the University of Guelph on January 29, 1993. Topics include defining and monitoring characteristics of a sustainable agroecosystem and key factors that affect agroecosystem sustainability; research in integrated farming systems in the Netherlands; comparing management strategies on Wisconsin dairy farms and in Mexico; Ontario farmer participation in developing agroecological farm plans; effect of class position on attitudes of Ontario farmers toward sustainable agriculture policies; weed control in corn, soybean and white bean.

Title: Integrated Weed Management for Sustainable Agriculture (Jan. '90 - Present)
Author: Perkins, Veronica
Publisher: Springfield, VA: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, 1994. Unpaginated.
NAL Number: Z5354.W44I57 1994
Annotation: A search of the literature that contains 128 citations dealing with sustainable methods for controlling weeds. Topics include biotechnology, fertilizer use, minimum tillage, intercropping, mulching, cover crops, soil preparation, sowing, harvesting, and other relevant subjects. Includes subject index.

Inquiries may be made to U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. Cite order no. PB94-890688.

Title: Integrating Sustainable Agriculture, Ecology and Environmental Policy
Editor: Olson, Richard K.
Publisher: Binghamton, NY: Food Products Press, 1992. 161 p.
NAL Number: S22.I57 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Institute for Alternative Agriculture in Arlington, VA, July 22 and 23, 1991. Participants, including ecologists, economists, sociologists, soil scientists, and government policy-makers, met to consider how ecology could aid sustainable agriculture. Concludes that ecology is not yet widely applied to designing sustainable management systems. A more ecologically based agriculture could increase production efficiency and decrease environmental impact, but resource constraints will determine the limits to sustainable production. Topics discussed include the effects of federal policies on ecologically sustainable systems; defining and measuring ecological sustainability in agricultural systems; interdisciplinary approach to setting goals in building sustainable agriculture; using soil nutrient cycling processes; landscape ecology; reducing agricultural impact on the environment; sustainable agriculture education and research.

Title: The International Conference on Agriculture for the 21st Century: Toward a Sustainable Agriculture for the Pacific Rim Nations
Publisher: New York: MOA Foundation, 1991. 112 p.
NAL Number: S470.P16I57 1990
Annotation: Papers presented at a conference at Maui, HI, October 12-14, 1990. Topics include biological nitrogen fixation; long-term effects of organic and conventional farming on soil production; growing trees (alley farming) as a strategy for nutrient management of food crops and suppressing weeds in the tropics; methods of pest management and reduced pesticide use; sustainable farming techniques in Hawaii; food safety; developing organic policies and standards.

*Title: International Workshop on Sustainable Land Management for the 21st Century
Editors: Wood, R.C. and J. Dumanski
Publisher: Ottawa, Ont. Canada: Agricultural Institute of Canada, 2 vols., 1994. Vol. 1, 50 p. Vol. 2, 381 p.
NAL Number: HD105.I57 1993 v.1; v.2
Annotation: Proceedings of a workshop held at Lethbridge, Alta., Canada, June 20-26, 1993, to develop guidelines for farmers, scientists, planners, and policy makers in evaluating sustainable land management practices. Vol. 1 is a summary of the workshop sessions. Vol. 2 contains papers on tillage and residue management for soil quality; impact of land management on surface and subsurface drainage; rangeland management; integrating trees and crops; evaluating cropp-ing and livestock management systems; various models, indicators, and methods for measuring sustainable land management; evaluating productivity and sustainability of alternate crop technologies; impact of land management policies and programs in Europe, Canada, and the U.S.

Inquiries may be made to Canadian Society of Soil Science, Box 21012, Westend Postal Outlet, Brandon, Man., Canada R7B 3W8.

Title: An Introduction to Agroforestry
Author: Nair, P.K. Ramachandran
Publisher: Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. 499 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A45N3543 1993
Annotation: A college-level textbook that outlines the history and concepts of agroforestry, including community, farm and social forestry. Describes the elements and practices in tropical agroforestry systems; types of multi-purpose trees and shrubs that are commonly used; the effects (both beneficial and adverse) of trees on soils; nutrient cycling, soil organic matter, and nitrogen fixation; effect of agroforestry on wind and water erosion; on-farm research and field experiments; sociocultural and economic considerations. Although most of the experiences and characteristics pertain to the tropics, there is a section devoted to temperate zone agroforestry.

Title: Introduction to Permaculture
Authors: Mollison, Bill and Reny Mia Slay
Publisher: Tyalgum, NSW, Australia: Tagari Publications, 1991. 198 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P47M65
Annotation: An interdisciplinary approach to creating sustainable communities. Includes a general discussion of permaculture principles; site planning and design; house design for temperate, dryland and tropical regions; planning home gardens; orchards, farm forestry and grain crops; animal forage systems; aquaculture; urban permaculture. Lists useful permaculture plants, with climatic tolerances. Emphasizes energy-saving techniques, optimum use of soil, and water management.

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Title: Lab to Land: Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture in Asia
Editors: Ferchak, John and Sharmila Ribeiro
Publisher: Washington, DC: Appropriate Technology International, 1992. 187 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.B563L33 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of the first Asia Network for Small-Scale Agricultural Biotechnologies (ANSAB) workshop held March 29-April 1, 1992, in Kathmandu, Nepal. Presentations include individual profiles of small-scale agricultural technologies, suitable for application and commercialization, for Bangladesh, mainland China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. Discusses case studies related to the role of small farmers, national government organizations, networks, the private sector in developing agricultural biotechnology, technology transfer, and commercialization.

Title: Land Conservation Through Public/Private Partnerships
Editor: Endicott, Eve (Lincoln Institute of Land Policy)
Publisher: Washington, DC: Island Press, 1993. 364 p.
NAL Number: HD205.L336 1993
Annotation: Although the book's primary focus is on the protection of natural and undeveloped areas, there are many aspects that are important to sustainable agriculture, such as managing land to control water pollution and soil erosion. Discusses the work of The Nature Conservancy, American Farmland Trust and The Trust for Public Land. Outlines partnership projects and practices that involve federal, state and local agencies and private participants; funding mechanisms for partnerships.

Title: Land is Life: Land Reform and Sustainable Agriculture
Editors: Dudley, Nigel; John Madeley; Sue Stolton
Publisher: London: Intermediate Technology Publications, 1992. 155 p.
NAL Number: HD1332.L36 1992
Annotation: Includes papers presented at a conference, "Soil for Life: Promoting Sustainable Land Use", held in Berlin in November 1991. Stresses the important link between land reform in the Third World and an increase in sustainable food production and agricultural development. Relates experiences with land reform and resettlement in Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Zimbabwe, Namibia, India, Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia.

Title: Land Resource Economics and Sustainable Development:Economic Policies and the Common Good
Author: van Kooten, G. Cornelis
Publisher: Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 1993. 450 p.
NAL Number: HD75.6.V36 1993
Annotation: A somewhat technical text that seeks to apply economics in providing a rational and balanced approach to problems involved in allocating land resources. Contains historical and theoretical background on land economics. Includes economics related to soil conservation, land preservation, control over water in agriculture, management of rangelands and forests.

Title: Legume Green Manuring
Publisher: Edmonton, Alta.: Alberta Agriculture, 1993. 7 p.
NAL Number: S661.J46 1993
Annotation: An informational pamphlet on the benefits and management of green manure.

Inquiries may be made to Alberta Agriculture, Print Media Branch, 7000 - 113 St., Edmonton, Alta. T6H 5T6 Canada

*Title: Legumes in Sustainable Farming Systems
Editor: Younie, D.
Publisher: [Reading, United Kingdom]: British Grassland Society, 1996. Occasional Symposium Series no. 30. 332 p.
NAL Number: SB197.B7
Annotation: Proceedings of a joint conference of the Society and the Sustainable Farming Systems initiative held at Craibstone, Aberdeen, Scotland, September 2-4, 1996. Contains papers on the role of legumes in temperate climate sustainable farming; the chemistry and physiology of legumes in nitrogen fixation, residual nitrogen, and nitrate leaching; the interaction between legumes and other grains and grasses; nutritional value for grazing animals; breeding and improving legumes; economic and production benefits of legumes in grassland and mixed farming systems.

Title: Let Farmers Judge: Experiences in Assessing the Sustainability of Agriculture
Editors: Hiemstra, Wim; Coen Reijntjes; Erik van der Werf
Publisher: London: Intermediate Technology Publications, 1992. 208 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86L47 1992
Annotation: Another in a series of publications prepared by the Information Centre of Low-External-Input and Sustainable Agriculture (ILEIA) in the Netherlands. A collection of reports by researchers and field-workers concerning innovations in smallholder systems in marginal or high-risk farming areas. Attention is given to assessing farmers' evaluation of new technologies; small farm economics; indigenous soil and crop management; organic coffee growing; rice cropping. Case studies drawn from Africa, Latin America, India, and Philippines.

Title: Livestock for a Small Earth: The Role of Animals in a Just and Sustainable World
Editor: Aaker, Jerry (Heifer Project International)
Publisher: Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1994. 111 p.
NAL Number: SF41.L58 1994
Annotation: Includes contributions by James DeVries, Dan Gudahl, Jim Hoey, Robert K. Pelant and Jennifer Shumaker that focus on humane and economically and ecologically sound livestock development programs based on the principles of sustainable agriculture and 50 years of experience in creating and maintaining successful animal-based projects around the world. Contains an extensive bibliography that includes sources on the environment, rural development, livestock, and manuals on agroforestry, animal health, aquaculture, beekeeping, beef and dairy cattle, goats, sheep, poultry, swine, and rabbits.

Title: Living with the Land: Communities Restoring the Earth
Editors: Meyer, Christine and Faith Moosang
Publisher: Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 1992. 131 p.
NAL Number: HD75.6.L58 1992
Annotation: The fourth volume in The New Catalyst bioregional series. Accounts of diverse rural and urban communities and their ecologically and economically sustainable methods for using land and water. Includes reports on the Ikalahan people in the Philippines, the Ulkatcho and Kluskus of British Columbia, logging with horses in British Columbia, forest preservation in Ecuador, hill tribe projects in Thailand, seed preservation in Indonesia and British Columbia, campesino programs in Nicaragua, village farming in Nigeria, developing urban ecology in Brazil, Mexico, and British Columbia.

Title: Lost Crops of Africa, Volume I: Grains
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996. 383 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.I5L67 1996
Annotation: This work resulted from a joint project of the National Research Council, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. Sub-Saharan Africa is faced with a rapidly growing population and a deteriorating ability to feed itself. Nutritional values have fallen to such an extent that malnutrition and starvation are a major threat in this part of the continent. The emphasis here is that central and southern Africa's hope for nutritional equilibrium lies in the indigenous grains, seeds, nuts, tubers, vegetables, fruits, and grasses that have fallen into disuse, often replaced by what were once considered superior imported varieties or crops grown primarily for international markets. As time progresses both local and scientific knowledge of these ancient plants diminishes and there is a genuine risk of losing many of them. Grains discussed are African rice, finger and pearl millet, fonio, emmer, Ethiopian oats and barley, types of sorghum for fuel and specialty uses as well as subsistence, tef, other cultivated and wild grains. Describes the conditions and requirements for growing these grains, how they are harvested, nutritional quality, their use as convenience foods (such as popping sorghum and millet) and shortcomings, e.g., intensity of labor and processing, susceptibilty to diseases, weed infestation, pests. Stresses the need to collect and preserve germplasm to ensure genetic diversity, the importance of research, and the need for exchanging and disseminating information. Includes photographs and drawings of many of these grains, and an extensive listing of reference sources for additional reading.

Copies are available from African Grains Report, FO 2060, National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20418.

Title: Low-Input Sustainable Ag: 4-State In-service, Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska
Publisher: (s.l.:s.n., 1989?) Various pagings.
NAL Number: S444.L6
Annotation: Handout list, in looseleaf binder, for the 4-State Low-Input Sustainable Agriculture (LISA) Workshop held at St. Joseph, MO, April 3-5, 1989. Purpose was to promote LISA activities by informing participants about systems technologies and resources available for LISA programming and research. Topics include sustainable agriculture in temperate zones; economic evaluation of LISA systems; livestock in LISA systems; on-farm testing; cover crops; intercropping; legumes; nutrient management strategies; tillage systems; pest, weed and disease management.

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Title: Mainline Farming for Century 21
Authors: Skow, Dan and Charles Walters Jr.
Publisher: Kansas City, MO: Acres U.S.A., 1991. 204 p.
NAL Number: S591.S57 1991
Annotation: Deals with the molecular, physical and chemical components of soil and what can be done to promote soil nutrition. Stresses the importance of carbon for water retention and prompt seed sprouting; greater density of soil nutrients provides greater yields; shorter growing time enhances product quality; higher sugar and mineral content in plants and trees lowers the freezing point; phosphate controls the sugar content, which affects the mineral content; nitrogen is the major electrolyte in soil; foliar spray fertilization is the most efficient and economical way to apply micronutrients; fertility management is essential to insect control. Describes instruments available for testing soil elements and how to remedy deficiencies.

Title: Making Development Sustainable: From Concepts to Action
Editors: Serageldin, Ismail and Andrew Steer
Publisher: Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1994. 40 p. Environmentally Sustainable Development Occasional Paper Series no. 2.
NAL Number: HD75.6.M348 1994
Annotation: Contains eight short essays on economic, sociological, ecological, and policy issues relevant to sound socio-economic development.

Inquiries may be made to The World Bank, 1818 H St. NW, Washington, DC 20433.

Title: Making Development Sustainable: Redefining Institutions, Policy, and Economics
Editor: Holmberg, Johan
Publisher: Washington, DC: Island Press, 1992. 362 p.
NAL Number: HD75.6.M35 1992
Annotation: Uses the term "primary environmental care" to include several approaches to grass roots sustainability that involve economic, social, and environmental systems. Topics include organizing people and institutions for change; natural resource management and economic policy; agroecology of low-external input systems; future characteristics of urban areas; defining sustainable forests; sustainable energy use in developing countries; financing sustainable development; local resource management and the future of Africa's drylands.

Title: Making Haste Slowly: Strengthening Local Environmental Management in Agricultural Development
Editors: Savenije, H. and A. Huijsman
Publisher: Amsterdam, Netherlands: Royal Tropical Institute, 1991. 239 p.
NAL Number: S482.M35 1991
Annotation: Volume 2 in the series, Development Oriented Research in Agriculture. Papers presented at a workshop held on Nov. 12 and 13, 1990, in Amsterdam. Deals with environmental management in relation to small scale agriculture involving resource poor farmers in marginal areas. Considers approaches that use modern institutions while including traditional structures and concepts that are familiar and supported by the local population. Includes case studies from Burkina Faso, Mali, Kenya, Peru, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka.

*Title: Making It On the Farm: Increasing Sustainability Through Value-added Processing and Marketing
Authors: Richards, Keith and Deborah S. Wechsler
Publisher: Elkins, AR: Southern Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, August 1996. 34 p.
NAL Number:
HD2330. R54 1996
Annotation: A look at how Southern farmers and ranchers are performing more on-site processing and marketing of their products, cutting costs and retaining more dollars by limiting use of middlemen and outside processors. Describes how several operations (including dairies, orchards, vegetable and beef producers) were designed and financed. Marketing concepts include catalog sales, on-farm retail stores, and cooperatives. Offers what are considered keys to success in operating such a enterprise. Provides a list of organizations and institutions, books, and videos helpful to anyone considering such a venture.

Inquiries may be made to the Southern Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, PO Box 324, Elkins, AR 72727.

Title: Making Sustainability Operational: Fourth Mexico/U.S. Symposium
Publisher: Ft. Collins, CO: Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, December 1993. General technical report RM-240. 232 p.
NAL Number: aSD11.A42 RM-240
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium held at Santa Fe, NM, April 19-23, 1993, to discuss the economic, social, and ecological aspects of sustainable integrated management of forests and ecosystems. Papers are in English or Spanish. Topics include defining the primary factors for evaluating natural resource sustainability; using the holistic resource management model that incorporates human values, economic and ecological considerations in determining land use; using municipal sewage sludge to rehabilitate degraded southwestern rangelands; determining the effects of pine tree diseases and insects on the sustainability of forests in the southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico; analyzing the effect of global change on regional environments; managing encinal woodlands; sustainability and sustained yield in National Forests; land grant community associations in New Mexico; creating a decision support system for managing the San Juan Tetla experimental forest in Mexico; balancing economics and ecology in rural economic development; monitoring forest and rangeland ecosystems to achieve sustainability; migratory birds and forest sustainability in Mexico.

Title: Management Guide for Low-imput Sustainable Apple Production
Publisher: [Amherst, MA?]: USDA Northeast Low-imput Sustainable Apple Production Project, the Universities of Massachusetts, Vermont, Cornell and Rutgers, and Rodale
Research Center, 1990. 84 p.
NAL Number: SB608.A6M35 1990
Annotation: Focuses on economic factors and horticultural practices applicable to apple growing in the northeast U.S. Topics include selecting, designing, preparing and maintaining orchard sites; selecting root stocks; pruning; harvesting; disease and pest management.

Title: Managing Agricultural Residues
Editor: Unger, Paul W.
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1994. 448 p.
NAL Number: S604.M28 1994
Annotation: Reviews information on the value of residues for soil and water conservation, fuel, and livestock feed. Topics include the influence of residues on controlling wind and water erosion; nutrient cycling; soil chemical and physical properties; soil micro- and macro- organisms; weed, insect, and disease control.

Title: Managing Cover Crops Profitably (Sustainable Agriculture Network Handbook Series, No. 1)
Author: Produced and edited by the staff of Rodale Institute for the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program of CSRS, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Publisher: Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture; Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, [1992?]. 114 p.
NAL Number: aSB284.3U6M36 1992
Annotation: A practical guide to the benefits, identification, care and feeding of cover crops in an easy to use format. Profiles selected cover crops that thrive in the Northeast, North-Central, South, and West regions of the U.S., and offers sources in those regions that can be approached for further information and advice. Includes information on seeding and managing both legumes and nonlegumes, including alfalfa, clovers, vetches, cowpea, winter pea, faba bean, barley, buckwheat, winter wheat, oats, timothy, rye, turnip, bromegrass, and ryegrass.

May be purchased from: Sustainable Agriculture Publications, Hills Bldg., Room 12, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405-0082.

Title: Manure Management: Practices for the Minnesota Pork Industry
Authors: Schmidt, David and Larry Jacobson
Publisher: St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Extension Service, College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, 1994. 32 p.
NAL Number: TD930.S35 1994
Annotation: Focuses on environmental management practices for processing and using swine manure. Outlines in simple terms, the chemical and nutrient composition of manure and the potential for pollution and risks to health as well as being a vital asset for growing crops. Describes the considerations in choosing a site for a manure processing system; how to collect, produce, store, and use processed manure. Includes easy-to-read graphics that help to illustrate the concepts discussed. Offers additional sources of information that are relevant to swine waste management.

Inquiries may be made to Minnesota Pork Producers Association, (507) 345-8814.

Title: Meadowcreek: Education for a Sustainable World: Environmental Activities for Junior High Students
Publisher: Fox, AR: Meadowcreek, 1994. Various pagings.
NAL Number: GE77.E38 1994
Annotation: Meadowcreek, affiliated with the Kerr Center for Sustainable Agriculture, has produced a course guide for educating young people about the various components of conservation and the environment. Includes simple demonstrations and experiments to show how to conserve electrical and other forms of energy. Illustrates the level of consumption and waste, using everyday experiences in students' lives. Emphasis is placed on the nutritional value of and the energy required to produce food; how to design a garden and make it sustainable and productive. Includes a list of books, videos, organizations, and other information resources helpful in teaching youngsters.

Inquiries may be made to Meadowcreek, PO Box 100, Fox, AR 72051.

Title: Methodologies for Screening Soil-Improving Legumes
Author: Sarrantonio, Marianne
Publisher: Kutztown, PA: Rodale Institute, 1991. 310 p.
NAL Number: SB297.4.L44S27
Annotation: Legumes are important crops for improving depleted soils that have been deprived of organic matter after decades of using inorganic fertilizers. A detailed manual that includes designing and conducting experiments for soil characteristics and nitrogen fixation; identifying types of legumes; seed germination; short- and long-term effects of legumes on soil moisture, pests, weeds and crop quality.

Title: Michigan On-farm Demonstration and Research Project: 1991 Results
Publisher: Washington, DC: American Farmland Trust, 1992. 41 p.
NAL Number: S451.M5M53 1992
Annotation: This cooperative effort between the Michigan Agricultural Stewardship Association and the American Farmland Trust compares conventional with alternative farming at 16 on- farm and demonstration sites around the state. Reports on the results recorded during the 1991 growing season.

Inquiries may be made to American Farmland Trust, 1920 N St. NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036.

Title: Michigan Sustainable Agriculture Project - 1992: On-farm Research and Demonstration Results
Publisher: DeKalb, IL: American Farmland Trust, 1993. 49 p.
NAL Number: S451.M5M52 1993
Annotation: Results of the second year of this joint project between American Farmland Trust and the Michigan Agricultural Stewardship Association. On-farm sites were used to emphasize preventing soil erosion and deterioration of water quality, improving farm profitability, and protecting the rural environment. Provides information and techniques that may be applied by farmers considering sustainable practices.

Available for purchase from American Farmland Trust, Center for Agriculture in the Environment, P.O. Box 987, DeKalb, IL 60115.

Title: Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, 16-17 June 1993 in Helsinki: Sound Forestry - Sustainable Development: Conference Proceedings
Publisher: Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 1993. 2 vols., 186 p., 203 p.
NAL Number: SD414.E85M56 1993
Annotation: Responses of European countries to resolutions prepared at the first conference at Strasbourg in 1990. Each national report briefly describes measures that country has taken to assist in forming a European network of permanent sample plots for monitoring forest ecosystems, conserving forest genetic resources, adapting management of mountain forests to new environmental conditions, expanding a research network on tree physiology and forest ecosystems, and creating a data bank on forest fires. There is a general overview of progress on these several resolutions.

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Title: National Sustainable Agriculture & Natural Resources Conference: Proceedings
Editors: Francis, Charles A.; James L. Bushnell; Richard Fleming
Publisher: Lincoln, NE: National Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resources Conference, August 1990. 163 p.
NAL Number: S441.N37 1990
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference of leaders and practitioners of sustainable agriculture that was held Aug. 15-18, 1990, at Lincoln, Nebraska. Abstracts cover a wide range of topics including reduced chemical input methods, soil conservation, ground water protection, economics, public policies, communication strategies, information resources, and visions for the future.

Title: The Natural Magic of Mulch: Organic Gardening Australian Style
Author: Roads, Michael J.
Publisher: South Yarra, Vic., Australia: 1993. 149 p.
NAL Number: S661.5.R63 1993
Annotation: The second printing of this book, originally published in 1989 by another publisher. A lighthearted approach to the basics of organic gardening gained from experiences in Australia. Stresses the vital role of mulch in feeding the soil and providing a protective cover. Offers several sources for obtaining mulch, including hay, seaweed, fruit and vegetable scraps, paper waste, pine needles, hair, sugar cane residue, feathers, leaves, grass clippings, sawdust, woodchips, and animal manure. Examines the necessary elements of healthy soil and how to make and use natural fertilizers. Describes methods for growing fruits, vegetables, fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs, and lawns. Provides techniques for pest control using herbs and organic sprays.

Title: The New Organic Grower: A Master's Manual of Tools and Techniques for the Home and Market Gardener (2nd edition)
Author: Coleman, Eliot
Publisher: White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 1995. 340 p.
NAL Number: SB324.3.C65 1995
Annotation: A revised and expanded version of the 1989 edition. Offers efficient, profitable, and sustainable methods for producing organic vegetables. Includes advice on maintaining healthy soil; seeding; rotating crops, using green manures; tillage; operating small-scale equipment; building moveable greenhouses that can be used to raise winter salad crops; dealing with pest and weed problems; using livestock in organic farming; and product marketing. Includes a directory of information sources.

*Title: New Partnerships for Sustainable Agriculture
Editor: Thrupp, Lori Ann
Publisher: Washington, DC: World Resources Institute, September 1996. 136 p.
NAL Number: HD9000.6.N49 1996
Annotation: Looks at innovative, cooperative sustainable farming techniques in such diverse places as California, Bangladesh, Iowa, Kenya, the Philippines, Senegal, Cuba, Nicaragua, and Peru. The partnerships referred to in the title include farmers, communities, governments, researchers, and organizations. The success of these associations led to reduced agrochemical use, confined pests and diseases to acceptable levels, maintained or increased crop yields, enhanced soil quality and capacity, and increased economic and social benefits to farming communities.

Inquiries may be made to World Resources Institute, 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20006. Web site:

Title: A New Vision for Agriculture in the 1990s
Author: Clancy, Kate
Publisher: St. Paul: Minnesota Food Association, 1991. 9 p.
NAL Number: HD9000.5.C58 1991
Annotation: The keynote address delivered at the annual meeting of the Minnesota Food Association in St. Paul on April 19, 1991. Briefly outlines problems in nutrition and agriculture, including biotechnology, the food processing industry, the growth of imitation foods, hunger and poverty.

Inquiries may be made to Minnesota Food Association, 2395 University Ave., Room 309, St. Paul, MN 55114.

*Title: No-Tillage Seeding: Science and Practice
Authors: Baker, C.J.; K.E. Saxton; W.R. Ritchie
Publisher: Wallingford, Oxon, United Kingdom: CAB International, 1996. 258 p.
NAL Number: S604.B35 1996
Annotation: Offers guidance on reducing the risks and failures that many farmers experience with no-tillage practices, such as lower seedling development, crop yield, and even crop failure. Stresses the relationship between machinery and the soil -- how the former affects soil and the ability of seeds or plants to thrive. No-tillage requires machines that are able to precisely and accurately drill and place seed and fertilizer. Those that are used are often simply modified conventional planters or drills. An important contribution of this book is the authors' assessment of machine function and evaluating new ideas in designing machinery. The results include an inverted T-shaped soil slot and the Cross Slot drill and planter opener. Inckludes sketches and photographs of these machines and and describes the testing processes they have undergone.

Title: Non-governmental Organizations and the State in Africa: Rethinking Roles in Sustainable Agricultural Development
Editors: Wellard, Kate and James G. Copestake
Publisher: New York: Routledge, 1993. 331 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.I5N65 1993
Annotation: This and the following two titles are part of the Non-governmental Organizations series. Focuses on the performance and capabilities of church and private organizations in promoting technological innovations, research, environmental awareness, and strengthening grass roots organization in Zimbabwe, Kenya, Zambia, Ghana, Gambia, and Senegal.

Title: Non-governmental Organizations and the State in Asia: Rethinking Roles in Sustainable Agricultural Development
Editors: Farrington, John et al
Publisher: New York: Routledge, 1993. 366 p.
NAL Number: HN655.2.C6N66 1993
Annotation: Examines the activities of private and church organizations in developing sustainable technology and management practices among small-scale, low-income farmers. Includes cooperative ventures with local government. Focuses on Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Philippines, Indonesia, and Thailand.

Title: Non-governmental Organizations and the State in Latin America: Rethinking Roles in Sustainable Agricultural Development
Editors: Bebbington, Anthony et al
Publisher: New York: Routledge, 1993. 290 p.
NAL Number: HD1790.5.Z8B43 1993
Annotation: Explores the activities and capabilities of private organizations in promoting technological innovation, sustainable practices, grass roots organization among small farmers, and cooperative relations with governments in Central and South America.

Title: Northern Plains Organic Crops Marketing Analysis: Wheat, Oats, Sunflower
Authors: Stearns, Larry D. and David L. Watt
Publisher: Fargo, ND: North Dakota State University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station, January 1993. Agricultural Economic Report no. 293. 35 p.
NAL Number: 281.9 N814A no. 293
Annotation: Results of a study to determine major domestic and international markets for organically raised wheat, oats, and sunflower; current and potential supplies in the Northern Plains area (South and North Dakota and Minnesota); market constraints perceived by wholesalers and retailers; possible marketing improvements.

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Title: Ogallala: Water for a Dry Land: A Historical Study in the Possibilities for American Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Opie, John
Publisher: Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993. 412 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86O97 v. 1
Annotation: Volume 1 in the series, Our Sustainable Future, focuses on the Ogallala aquifer in the central plains and seeks to determine the effects of increasing consumption and declining groundwater. Describes the physical features and plant life of the region before settlers arrived; the settlers' attempts to succeed there; the dust bowl experience of the 1930's; the influence of irrigation technology in the 1960's; attempts to conserve and manage Ogallala groundwater; possible threat of long-term climate change.

Title: Organic Agriculture in Northern New England: Case Studies of Farms in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont
Author: Mitchell, Frank
Publisher: Deerfield, NH: Frank Mitchell, 1994. 166 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.M57 1994
Annotation: The stated intent of the book is to present an "overview of factors affecting organic farming and sustainability, and what farmers think about them." Growers on 5 farms in Maine, 10 in New Hampshire, and 8 in Vermont, share their practices, experiences, beliefs, and hopes. These farms represent combinations of different operations, such as dairy, beef, pigs, horses, poultry, vegetables, and fruit. Examines the factors related to sustainability, e.g., farm size, the health and fertility of soil, financial aspects, labor requirements, marketing, energy use, environmental protection, using biology to prevent weed and pest problems, access to information and assistance, availability of land, and social and community links.

Inquiries may be made to Frank Mitchell, P.O. Box 180, Deerfield, NH 03037.

Title: The Organic Chef: Canadian Chefs Harvest the Best of Farm and Field
Author: Herman, Jane
Publisher: Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 1993. 242 p.
NAL Number: TX741.H47 1993
Annotation: Of special interest to those using organic cookery or organic producers who may find organic recipes valuable as a marketing tool. A collection of over 60 recipes using organic products. Includes soups, salads, breads, seafood, poultry, meat, vegetables, and desserts.

Title: Organic Control of Common Weeds
Author: French, Jackie
Publisher: Flemington, Vic., Australia: Aird Books Pty; 1989. 123 p.
NAL Number: SB611.5F73
Annotation: Approaches the subject of weed control with the concept that weeds can be useful in stabilizing soil, preventing moisture loss, retrieving elements from deep in the soil that shallower-rooted plants can't reach, helping to control insect pests,and providing a source of organic fertilizer. Offers natural strategies for weed management, how to avoid weeds and control them in lawns, flower and vegetable gardens, orchard, berry beds, and pastures. Includes a list of 90 common weeds with notes on their identification and control.

Title: Organic Farming
Author: Lampkin, Nicolas
Publisher: Ipswich, England: Farming Press, 1990. 701 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.L35 1990
Annotation: Covers the principles and practices of organic farming that include soil management; crop nutrition; rotation systems; managing grassland, fodder and horticulture crops, cereals, vegetables, and legumes; using manures and organic residues; weed, pest and disease control; animal husbandry (including dairy and beef cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry, bees); marketing and processing organic products; financial and economic aspects of organic operations; procedures and problems in converting from conventional to organic farming. Outlines British organic standards. Lists the scientific and popular names of plants, pests, and diseases.

Distributed in North America by Diamond Farm Enterprises, Box 537, Alexandria Bay, NY 13607.

Title: Organic Field Crop Handbook: A Project of Canadian Organic Growers, Inc.
Editor: Macey, Anne
Publisher: Ottawa: Canadian Organic Growers, Inc., 1992. 192 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.K722 1992
Annotation: An introductory guide to organic farming. Provides information to conventional farmers wishing to convert to organic production and organic farmers who wish to expand their cropping. Includes material on soil ecosystems; manures; pest, weed and disease management; certification and marketing; designing crop rotations; growing alfalfa, clover and forage mixtures, barley, buckwheat, corn, flax, oats, oilradish, rye, soybeans, spelt and winter wheat. Does not cover fruit and vegetable production or animal husbandry. Provides a directory of organic organizations, organic certification standards, bibliography of selected books and periodicals.

*Title: Organic Gardener's Edible Plants
Author: Creasy, Rosalind
Publisher: Portland, OR: Van Patten Publishing, 1993. 222 p.
NAL Number: QK98.5.A1C74 1993
Annotation: Written by a professional landscape designer this is an easy-to-follow guide to choosing and growing 130 edible plants, including almond, apple, artichoke, asparagus, basil, cabbage, cherry, citrus, cucumbers, squash, eggplant, kiwi, mint, okra, olive, rhubarb, saffron, and sage, to name a few. Evaluates each plant by climate requirements, level of effort needed to care for the plant, how to purchase plants or seeds, and how to use them in landscaping as well as in the kitchen. Uses line drawings as illustrative aids. Provides a directory of organizations, publications, and other information helpful to readers.

Title: The Organic Gardener's Home Reference: A Plant-by-Plant Guide to Growing Fresh, Healthy Food
Author: Denckla, Tanya
Publisher: Pownal, VT: Storey Communications, 1994. 273 p.
NAL Number: SB324.3.D46 1994
Annotation: Covers the essential aspects of creating a self-sustaining organic garden. Includes tips on planning, preparing sites, choosing rootstock, recognizing pests and diseases and methods for control. Provides profiles on popular vegetables, fruits, nuts, and herbs that advise when and how to grow, harvest, and store. Contains a directory of seed companies, nurseries, equipment and pest control suppliers, state gardening associations, and a bibliography of helpful periodicals and books.

Title: Organic Gardening in Cold Climates
Author: Perrin, Sandra
Publisher: Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Co., 1991. 143 p.
NAL Number: SB453.5.P46 1991
Annotation: A manual for beginning organic gardening in the short growing season of cold climates. Topics include choosing a garden site, preparing the soil, varieties and selection of seeds and herbs, starting plants indoors, planting outdoors, watering, cultivating, weeding, controlling pests, and harvesting

Title: "Organic" Meat Symposium
Editors: McCann, Laura; June Rogers; Gerald Wagner
Publisher: St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Extension Service, 1990. 96 p.
NAL Number: TX556.M4075 1990
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium held in Minneapolis on July 9 and 10, 1990. Includes surveys of conventional production practices in raising beef, swine and poultry, such as the use of growth-stimulating hormones, antibiotics, breeding, feed and housing. Discusses common meat-borne pathogens; animals and human health; market potential for organic meat and specialty meat products; federal and state regulations for organic meat production and labeling; feed and water sources for organic meat production.

Title: Organic Produce and Farming
Publisher: Alexandria, VA: United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Association, [1990?]. 33 p.
NAL Number S605.5.O732 1990
Annotation: Briefly describes the factors and issues involved in organic farming. Discusses organic control of diseases, weeds and insects; synthetic vs. natural agricultural materials; fertilizers; health aspects of organic food; organic certification and standards; marketing and promotion. Includes a glossary of basic organic terms; fertilizers and pesticides prohibited in organic farming; sources that provide organic information.

Title: Organic Soil Amendments and Fertilizers
Authors: Chaney, David E.; Laurie E. Drinkwater; G. Stuart Pettygrove
Publisher: Oakland, CA: University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, publication 21505, 1992. 36 p.
NAL Number: S654.C42 1992
Annotation: Although designed to provide producers with information about the management and availability of organic materials in California, much of the information is widely applicable. Discusses soil organic matter and its role in crop production; offers guidelines for evaluating and choosing organic materials; describes organic materials that are commonly used, such as animal manures and other by-products, sewage sludge, green manures, harvest and processing residues, marine products, peat and wood products.

*Title: Organic Versus Sustainable Fed Cattle Production: A South Dakota Case Study
Authors: Taylor, Donald C.; Dillon M. Feuz; Ming Guan
Publisher: Brookings, SD: Economics Department, South Dakota State University, May 1995. Economics Department Staff Paper 95-2. 22 p.
NAL Number: HD1775.S8E262
Annotation: The phrase, "organic versus sustainable," might be surprising to some. The authors suggest that current certification criteria for organic beef production largely focus on animal health and welfare with the view of marketing a healthier product. This stops short of the wider scope of sustainability. This study uses two production indices, Producer Organic Index and Producer Sustainability Index . The latter more accurately reflects natural resource conservation and the economic viability of cattle producers. Areas most inconsistent with sustainability are the use of growth promotants, antibiotics, and feedlot management practices.

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Title: Pennsylvania Sustainable Agriculture Project - 1992: On-farm Research and Demonstration Results
Publisher: DeKalb, IL: American Farmland Trust, 1993. 27 p.
NAL Number: S451.P4P46 1993
Annotation: Results of a joint project between American Farmland Trust and the Pennsylvania Association for Sustainable Agriculture. Topics include using cover crops in a small-scale vegetable operation; intensive rotational grazing; fertilizer rates in corn; flowers and herbs for small farms; controlling early blight in tomatoes; weed control techniques in organic soybeans.

Available for purchase from American Farmland Trust, Center for Agriculture in the Environment, P.O. Box 987, DeKalb, IL 60115.

Title: Permaculture: A Practical Guide for a Sustainable Future
Author: Mollison, Bill
Publisher: Washington, DC: Island Press, 1990. 579 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P47M64
Annotation: A reference and working manual by the author who coined the term permaculture (permanent agriculture) in the 1970's. Permaculture is the design and maintenance of economical agriculturally productive ecosystems that have the diversity, stability and resilience of natural ecosystems. It stresses the importance of integration between landscape and people. Contains chapters on design methods, climatic factors, trees, water, soils, and earthworking. Provides strategies designed for the tropics, drylands, cool and cold climates. Includes a chapter on aquaculture and a discussion of the ethical, economic and legal aspects of an alternative global nation.

*Title: Permaculture: Garden Guidelines and Seed Catalogue: Dryland Coastal Regions
Author: Firth, Julie
Publisher: Waggrakine, Western Australia: Yilgarn Traders, Revised Edition 1996. 71 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P47F57 1996
Annotation: This small book contains advice based on experiences at Yilgarn's Drylands Permaculture Research Farm, located in the sandy, dry, hot, and windy climate of Western Australia. The farm has a nursery that produces plants and seeds that do well in this type of environment and are available by catalogue. Offers brief commentary on garden design and layout, using both fruiting and nonfruiting varieties, shrubs, crop rotation, soil conditioning, companion planting, mulching, and interesting methods for pest control (that include using plants with odors offensive to certain pests).
Title: Permaculture in a Nutshell
Author: Whitefield, Patrick
Publisher: Clanfield, Hampshire, United Kingdom: Permanent Publications, 1993. 75 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P47W45 1993
Annotation: Another title in a growing body of literature on permaculture, a concept of living sustainably in both rural and urban environments, providing for people's needs, and creating social and financial structures that are ecologically sound. Although intended as an introduction to permaculture for people living in Britain, this small book offers a consise explanation of the objectives of permaculture and suggestions for implementation. Includes practical advice on the merits of chickens and greenhouses, city landscapes and gardens, community initiatives, and farm designs.

Title: Pest Control and Sustainable Agriculture
Editors: Corey, S.A.; D.J. Dall; W.M. Milne
Publisher: East Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO, 1993. 514 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86A97 1993
Annotation: Proceedings of the Australian Applied Entomological Research Conference held at Canberra, April 28 -May 1, 1992, to review developments in controlling insect pests and the environmental impact of current management practices. General topics include integrated pest management; forecasting and modelling; crop loss assessment; biological, chemical, microbial and cultural controls; host plant resistance; pheromones; pollination biology; applied nematology.

Title: The Pesticide Question: Environment, Economics, and Ethics
Editors: Pimentel, David and Hugh Lehman
Publisher: New York: Chapman and Hall, 1993. 441 p.
NAL Number: QH545.P4P4793 1993
Annotation: Assesses the environmental and social impact of using pesticides, including the relationship between the cosmetic appearance of products and pesticides, health risks, methods and effects of reducing pesticide use. Examines government policies that encourage pesticide use in the U.S. and the EPA's mismanagement of the Alar incident; public concern over pesticides in food and water; current trends in pesticide use.

*Title: The Place of Farm Animals in Humane Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Fox, Michael W.
Publisher: Baileys Crossroads, VA: St. Anthony Press, 1992. 48 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86F69 1992
Annotation: The author, associated with the Farm Animals and Bioethics Section of the Humane Society, examines the role for farm animals in ecologically sound agriculture. He describes the problems and untoward effects of inefficient practices in both developed and underdeveloped countries, such as the extraordinary amount energy, water, and grain expended on livestock. There is no doubt in the author's mind that the livestock population needs to be significantly reduced, not only for ecological reasons but to ensure humane practices that lessen stress and disease. Two major obstacles to livestock reduction are the dietary habits of developed countries and the agribusiness-industrial complex.

Title: Planning for a Sustainable Environment: A Report by the Town and Country Planning Association
Editor: Blowers, Andrew
Publisher: London: Earthscan Publications, 1993. 239 p.
NAL Number: HC79.E5P53 1993
Annotation: Perspectives on planning policy and sustainable development in Britain. Focus is on urban or mixed urban-rural areas. Intended as a guide for planners, environmentalists, and policy makers. Includes discussions on land use, ecosystems and natural resources (including agriculture), energy options, transportation and the environment, dealing with pollution and waste, defining a sustainable economy.

Title: Planning for Sustainable Farming: The Potter Farmland Plan Story
Author: Campbell, Andrew
Publisher: Port Melbourne, Vict., Australia: Lothian Publishing, 1991. 200 p.
NAL Number: S478.A1C3
Annotation: An Australian approach to sustainable agriculture resulting from experiences gained on demonstration farms in Victoria. Describes the problems Australia faces in the degradation of soil from erosion, salinity and acidity; groundwater contamination; loss of plant and animal species. Demonstrates how to organize and implement whole farm planning, improve farm layout, treat land degradation, and achieve revegetation.

Title: Plant Breeding and Sustainable Agriculture: Considerations for Objectives and Methods: Proceedings of a Symposium Sponsored by Division C-1 of the Crop Science Society of America in Las Vegas, NV, 17 Oct. 1989
Editor: Sleper, D. A.; T. C. Barker; P. J. Bramel-Cox
Publisher: Madison, WI: Crop Science Society of America, Inc., American Society of Agronomy, Inc., 1991. CSSA special publication no. 18. 93 p.
NAL Number: SB123.P543 1991
Annotation: Participants were asked to address six key issues regarding the role of plant breeding in contributing to the sustainability and productivity of agriculture: (1) identify global trends that will influence the types of crop cultivers needed in the future; (2) define the roles of private industry, public institutions, and agricultural research centers in assessing germplasm needs and resources, conducting research, and providing final products; (3) determine the sustainability of genetic improvement, such as resistance to pests; (4) identify the major components and problems in plant breeding for adaptation to varying production or environment stress levels; (5) consider how beneficial interactions among plant species in multiple cropping or rotations can be enhanced by breeding; (6) identify emerging cropping patterns that may require a reassessment of varietal needs, breeding objectives and methods.

Title: Planting the Future: A Resource Guide to Sustainable Agriculture in the Third World
Editor: Nanda, Meera
Publisher:Minneapolis: International Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture, 1990. 309 p.
NAL Number: S482.P58
Annotation: Reports on farmers and groups in 46 Third World countries, whose farm practices have had to accomodate harsh agronomic conditions, limited resources, and difficult economic and political systems. Contains a bibliography of published and audio-visual works.

Inquiries may be directed to International Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture, University of Minnesota Newman Center, 1701 University Ave. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55414.

Title: Planting the Future: Developing an Agriculture that Sustains Land and Community
Editors: Bird, Elizabeth Ann R.; Gordon L. Bultena; John C. Gardner
Publisher: Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1995. 276 p.
NAL Number: S441.P58 1995
Annotation: Discusses the "...critical choices...that will determine the future character of our rural landscape." Based on research and case studies in Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Montana; accesses farming methods that protect the environment, provide opportunities for farmers, and contribute toward maintaining viable rural communities. Differences between sustainable and conventional farmers include: sustainable producers work about 25% more hours than conventional operators; greater labor and management demands may restrict the size of sustainable farms, although the smaller operations are often the best performers; sustainable farmers devote less land to corn, soybeans, and other row crops, favoring hay, forage, and small grains, while devoting more land to pastures, woodlands, and wetlands. Looks at the social and economic factors, perceptions, and concerns that often distinguish sustainable from conventional producers; the socioeconomic impact of sustainable farming on rural communities; farm performance and productivity; and quality-of-life issues. Devotes considerable attention to the obstacles that face implementing sustainable practices and offers policy guidelines that would encourage the development of sustainable agriculture.

Title: Plants, Genes, and Agriculture
Authors: Chrispeels, Maarten J. and David E. Sadava
Publisher: Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1994. 478 p.
NAL Number: SB123.57.C48 1994
Annotation: Examines how plant genes and genetic engineering are involved in agriculture around the world. Promotes three central themes: (1) modern farming is a scientific enterprise, manipulating the relationship between plants and their environments; (2) scientific manipulation of plants can assist in increasing crop production; (3) agriculture must be conducted in a sustainable manner to ensure food production for the future. Discusses the growth of population and food demand and how farming systems have developed to keep pace; elements that affect agricultural productivity, such as availability of arable land, social and cultural factors, farming practices, climatic and ecological changes; effects of agricultural techniques on ecosystems and concern about the sustainability of intensive farming. Presents an overview of plant biotechnology and its impact on plant breeding; plants and human nutrition; the role of energy in plant growth and crop production; elements that contribute to healthy soil; the molecular basis of plant breeding and genetic engineering. Suggests that plant genetic stock around the world has narrowed as a result of modern breeding and the Green Revolution. Looks at pests and strategies for control, including plant chemicals, biological methods, integrated pest management, and genetically enhanced plants. Deals with safety and quality of genetically engineered food.

*Title: Policies for Sustainable Development: Four Essays
Editor: Markandya, Anil
Publisher: Rome: UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 1994. FAO Economic and Social Development Paper no. 121. 249 p.
NAL Number: HD1417.F64
Annotation: Analyzes what constitutes sustainable agricultural development and how it can be achieved by economic, judicial, and social policies. Reviews the consequences and environmental impact of unsustainable development in pastoral, extractive, and exploitive systems. The latter two include forestry and cropping on marginal and irrigated land. Provides statistical methods for measuring the monetary value of environmental costs and benefits of sustainable agricultural development. Evaluates several maco- and microeconomic policies, marketing options, regulatory instruments, land tenure, and other persuasive measures that would foster successful sustainable development.

Title: The Potential for Farm Forestry, Agroforestry, and Novel Tree Crops
Author: Acworth, James M.
Publisher: Uckfield, East Sussex, United Kingdom: Nuffield Farming Scholarships Trust, March 1993. 55 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A45A29 1993
Annotation: Based on a study tour of the U.S. and Canada. Writing for a British audience, Mr. Acworth begins by stating, "The systems I saw are quite unlike forestry as we presently understand and practice it in the UK. They aim at high value products in faster rotations. Environmental protection for inproved crop growth and soil and water conservation are major objectives providing financial benefits both on and off the farm." He describes the types of trees grown in various areas of North America; rotation systems developed for tree crops; using forest biofuel as an energy source; forest grazing of livestock; using trees as windbreaks to control soil erosion; applying sewage sludge to tree groves; harvesting tree nuts, multi-purpose uses of trees; marketing tree products; economic and social factors that influence agroforestry in the U.S. and Canada; public policy and research that encourage farmers to adopt forestry as an alternative land use.

Title: Poultry Feed from Waste: Processing and Use
Authors: El Boushy, A.R.Y. and A.F.B. van der Poel
Publisher: New York: Chapman & Hall, 1994. 438 p.
NAL Number: SF494.E38 1994
Annotation: Provides technical information on processing waste material into nutritious, inexpensive alternative feed for poultry. Types of waste include feathers, egg shells and other hatchery by-products; hide and tanning material; fruit, vegetable, and brewers' residues; municipal refuse.

Title: Practical Organic Gardening
Author: Palliser, David
Publisher: Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England: The Crowood Press, 1992. 64 p.
NAL Number: SB453.5.P35 1992
Annotation: A short illustrated guide to creating a viable organic garden. Discusses how to develop and improve proper soil; how to protect plants from pests, diseases, air pollution and adverse weather; choosing rootstock and seeds; how to sow and plant. Offers methods for tending fruit (apples, cherries, currants, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, gooseberries) and vegetables.

Title: A Primer on Organic-Based Rice Farming
Author: Pandey, R. K.
Publisher: Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute; Ibadan, Nigeria: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, 1991. 201 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.P36 1991
Annotation: Outlines how to integrate organic and chemical fertilizer use. Emphasizes growing green manure crops. Describes 50 legumes suited to a wide range of rice-growing environments. Most are multi-purpose crops that will replenish soil nutrients and provide food, fodder, fuel, and extra income for the farmer.

Title: Proceedings: Sustainable Soil Management Symposium
Publisher: Davis, CA: University of California, Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education Program, 1993. 90 p.
NAL Number: S622.2.S97 1993
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium held at Davis on April 22, 1993. Papers, farmer presentations, and related journal articles include: a discussion of the beneficial aspects of soil
microorganisms for contributing nutrients to crops; practices that ensure the viability of the link between organic matter and a vital microbial biomass; the important role of earthworms in healthy soil and how to enhance the beneficial effects; types of organic fertilizers and soil amendments, including animal manure, sewage sludge, crop residues, blood, bone, meat and feather meal, granulated minerals, lawn trimmings and waste paper; how to produce different types of compost and how to determine which type to use; managing soil fertility for California oranges, olives, walnuts, prunes and grapes; a comparative study of organic and conventional tomato production systems in California; soil fertility management at the agroecology program farm of the University of California, Santa Cruz; comparing soil quality and financial performance of New Zealand biodynamic and conventional farms.

Title: Proceedings of a Conference on Participatory On-farm Research and Education for Agricultural Sustainability
Editor: Clement, Lennis L.
Publisher: Urbana, IL: Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Illinois College of Agriculture, 1992. 249 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86C69 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference held July 30 - Aug. 1, 1992, in Champaign, IL. Papers and case study reports on farmer participation in various aspects of research in sustainable agriculture; using cooperative extension, fairs, networking, and other forms of farmer education; designing on-farm research and demonstration trials; establishing cooperation between farmers and private and government institutions.

Available for purchase from Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Illinois College of Agriculture, 211 Mumford Hall, 1301 W. Gregory Dr., Urbana, IL 61801.

Title: Proceedings of Livestock Health and Nutrition Alternatives: A Western States Conference
Editor: Hilander, Sally K.
Publisher: Helena, MT: Alternative Energy Resources Organization (AERO), 1991. 50 p.
NAL Number: SF5.L59 1990
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference held at Bozeman, MT, December 6-8, 1990. Presentations include an address by Frank Baker (Winrock International Institute for Agriculture Development in Arkansas) on "Planning for Sustainability in Livestock Production Systems." Other topics include: "A Holistic Approach to the Production of Domestic Animals and the Maintenance of Their Health"; "Meeting Nutritional Requirements of Ruminant Animals Using Alternative Crops, Feeds and Grazing Practices". There are discussions of disease and parasite prevention and treatment, alternative livestock management practices, marketing and organic standards.

Title: Proceedings of the 1991 Farming for Profit and Stewardship: Sustainable Agriculture in the Pacific Northwest
Editor: Murray, Helene
Publisher: Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University, Dept. of Crop & Soil Science, 1991. 90 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86T7 1991
Annotation: Proceedings of the West Cascades Conference held on March 1 and 2, 1991, in Portland, OR. Presentations include guidelines for grant programs on sustainable agriculture; small fruit production in the Northwest; wheat health management; keeping young farm families on the farm; pest and weed management; using cover crops; pasture management; marketing opportunities; on-farm research.

Title: Proceedings, Sustainable Agriculture in California: A Research Symposium
Publisher: [Davis, CA?]: University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program and University Extension, UC Davis, [1991?]. Various pagings.
NAL Number: S451.C2P76 1991
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium held at Sacramento on March 15 and 16, 1990.Topics include: policy considerations; economic and ecological constraints in sustainable agriculture; comparison of organic and conventional methods in almond production; livestock grazing systems; non-toxic pest control; soil and water management; developing information about sustainable agriculture.

Title: Profitable Organic Farming
Author: Newton, Jon
Publisher: Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Science, 1995. 142 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.N48 1995
Annotation: Examines the financial aspects and commercial prospects of organic farming. The book is based on experiences of successful organic farmers in Great Britain. There are, of course, significant differences that exist between Britain and the U.S. in farm size, types of weeds and pests, animal and cropping systems, political institutions, and social attitudes. At the same time, both places share many problems and objectives, such as healthy livestock, using grassland for production of silage and hay, crop rotation, pest control methods, and marketing techniques for organic meat, milk, and produce.

Title: The Real Dirt: Farmers Tell About Organic and Low-Input Practices in the Northeast
Editors: Smith, Miranda et al
Publisher: Burlington, VT: Northeast Region Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program and the Northeast Organic Farming Association, 1994. 264 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.R43 1994
Annotation: A collection of practices and techniques used by organic and low-input farmers during 1989-1991. Topics include rotations, cover crops, green manures, compost, and other elements of soil management; pest, disease and weed management; vegetable, herb, fruit, and greenhouse production; livestock and dairy management; organic certification; economics and marketing; making the transition from a conventional to a low-input or organic operation. Contains a directory of Northeast organic growers associations, certification programs, cooperative extension and IPM offices.

Copies may be obtained from Northeast Region SARE/ACE programs, Hills Bldg., University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405.

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*Title: Rebirth of the Small Family Farm: A Handbook for Starting a Successful Organic Farm Based on the Community Supported Agriculture Concept
Authors: Gregson, Bob and Bonnie Gregson
Publisher: Vashon Island, WA: IMF Associates, 1996. 64 p.
NAL Number: HD1476.U62W24 1996
Annotation: The Gregsons describe how they designed their organic enterprise, Island Meadow Farm near Seattle, and the methods used in operating the farm. Reviews such key factors as necessary equipment and supplies, preparing the land, crop selection, marketing strategy, planning, and other relevant considerations. Provides a list of organizations and published sources that offer assistance.

Inquiries may be made to IMF Associates, PO Box 2542, Vashon Island, WA 98070.

Title: Reconciling Sustainability with Productivity Growth: Opportunities for Collaboration Among U.S. Universities, CGIAR Centers, and the NARS
Publisher: Gainesville: University of Florida, Office of International Studies and Programs, 1993. 34 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86R43 1993
Annotation: A summary report of a workshop co-sponsored by the University of Florida and Cornell University at Gainsville, May 19-21, 1993. Considers how to meet the needs of a growing population without increasing environmental degradation, the conflict between sustainability and the pressure for higher levels of food production. Focuses on the advantages of and mechanisms for strengthening university ties with the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and the National Agricultural Research Services (NARS). Proposes a research agenda that involves genetic development and conservation, integrated pest management, agroecological environmental variations, resource management, and socioeconomic issues.

Title: Recycling of Crop, Animal, Human and Industrial Wastes in Agriculture
Editor: Tandon, H.L.S.
Publisher: New Delhi, India: Fertiliser Development and Consultation Organization, 1995.
150 p.
NAL Number: TD796.5.R43 1995
Annotation: "A waste is only a waste unless it is recycled or made use of. Then it becomes a valuable resource, rather a form of wealth. The potential for waste recyling in agriculture is so large and basically user as well as eco-friendly, that the term waste itself could in most cases be done away with." Although based largely on experiences and practices in India, the methods and technologies discussed are relevant world-wide and applicable to both large and small farms. The book surveys a variety of recyclable materials, including crop residues, press mud from sugarcane processing, gypsum by-products, slags produced by steel and other metals industries. Discusses preparing compost using conventional and vermi (worm) processes. Naturally, a major topic is the recycling of animal wastes (including dead animals), designing and operating a system for producing biogas, storing the recycled product, and applying it to the soil.

Inquiries may be made to Fertiliser Development and Consultation Organization, 204-204A Bhanot Corner, 1-2 Pamposh Enclave, New Delhi 110048 India.

Title: Regenerating Agriculture: Policies and Practice for Sustainability and Self-Reliance
Author: Pretty, Jules N.
Publisher: London: Earthscan Publications, 1995. 320 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86P74 1995
Annotation: The author is Director of the Sustainable Agriculture Programme at the International Institute for Environment and Development. Examines the positive and negative effects on production, society, and the environment caused by the modernization of agriculture in the 20th century. Describes how modern agricultural methods have led to health problems, soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and the decline of rural society and communities. Describes methods for adopting technologies that will aid in conserving soil and other resources, controlling pests and diseases, encouraging natural enemies of pests and weeds, improving plant nutrition, and designing water management systems. Conditions for achieving a more sustainable agriculture requires collective action of groups and institutions at the local level and essential partnerships with outside organizations, including government, to provide encouragement, policies, services, and techniques for learning and promoting the transition to sustainable agriculture. Presents case studies and data on the effects of sustainable agriculture around the world.

Title: Regenerative Design for Sustainable Development
Author: Lyle, John Tillman
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994. 338 p.
NAL Number: GE140.L95 1994
Annotation: An ambitious effort, by a team of architects, agronomists, anthropologists, hydrologists, and others in the arts and sciences, to determine a strategy for ensuring sustainable survival for humans and the environment, and for altering patterns of destructive behavior. Considers the historical separation of industrial technology from the natural rhythm of human life that has led to conditions threatening survival. Foresees a neotechnic era characterized by regenerative systems and modified energy consumption. Offers applications and practices for developing regenerative communities using concepts that follow the processes and functions of natural ecosystems. Examines how food is produced, brought to the kitchen, and consumed; processes for converting human and animal wastes to energy and nutrients; methods for storing and using water; using solar, wind, and water power for energy. Analyzes social changes and reorganization, and the redefinition of growth and productivity. Uses case studies and on-site examples with drawings and other graphics to illustrate methods and concepts.

Title: Reintegrating Fragmented Landscapes: Towards Sustainable Production and Nature Conservation
Editors: Hobbs, R. J. and D. A. Saunders
Publisher: New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993. 332 p.
NAL Number: S478.W4R45 1993
Annotation: Concerns the wheat growing areas of Western Australia and the search for approaches to land use that maintain agriculture and include conservation of nature. Provides a geological and social history of the development of the area. Describes the changes and resulting problems in ecosystems, soil properties, and water conditions. Attempts to design solutions to these problems that integrate development with resource management, including economic and ecological considerations.

Title: Reluctant Partners?: Non-governmental Organizations, the State and Sustainable Agricultural Development
Authors: Farrington, John et al
Publisher: New York: Routledge, 1993. 222 p.
NAL Number: HD1417.F34 1993
Annotation: Another title in the Non-governmental Organizations series. An assessment of the potential of private and church organizations in assisting the Third World to achieve technological innovation and sustainable development. Examines collaborative efforts with national and local governments.

Title: Report of a Workshop: Research Policies and Management for Agricultural Growth and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources
Publisher: The Hague, Netherlands: International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR), 1995. 60 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86R46 1995
Annotation: A brief outline of conference activities that took place at The Hague, December 7-9, 1994. Generally, this was a forum for agricultural researchers and policymakers to discuss natural resource management (NRM) issues and objectives. Offers several recommendations for promoting NRM. There are summaries of selected papers dealing with integrating NRM into conventional crops research; monitoring and evaluating research; special challenges facing agro-environmental research in developing countries; and the need for regional cooperation.

Title: Resource Capture by Crops
Editors: Monteith, J.L.; R.K. Scott; M.H. Unsworth
Publisher: Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom: Nottingham University Press, 1994. 469 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86R47 1994
Annotation: Papers presented at the 52nd University of Nottingham Easter School Conference, that focused on the mechanisms by which plants secure water, light, carbon dioxide, and nutrients necessary for growth. An understanding of these mechanisms is necessary for more efficient crop production and management, at the same time limiting pollution of the environment. Although these papers are rather technical, using mathematical and statistical models and graphics, each offers a general review of the contents. Examines how resources are captured by roots and leaves; methods for analyzing growth in relation to resource capture; interception of light by plants; application of resource capture to pest incidence and disease; the effect of air pollution on plant capture mechanisms; competition for resources among crops; complementary use of resources within intercropping and agroforestry systems; resource capture by greenhouse plants, grasslands, and coniferous forests.

Title: Restoration Forestry: An International Guide to Sustainable Forestry Practices
Editor: Pilarski, Michael
Publisher: Durango, CO: Kivaki Press, 1994. 525 p.
NAL Number: SD387.S87R47 1994
Annotation: an extensive collection of essays on sustainable forestry and reports on research, such as developing wood alternatives and forest ecosystem restoration projects in Asia and North and South America. Contains directories of professional, governmental, grass roots, and international forestry organizations; companies that sell sustainably produced wood products; sources of tree seed; journals, newsletters, and other periodicals; films and videos; and a bibliography of 800 books on forestry and allied topics.

Title: Restoring the Land: Environmental Values, Knowledge and Action
Editors: Cosgrove, Laurie; David Evans; David Yencken
Publisher: Carlton, Vic., Australia: Melbourne University Press, 1994. 269 p.
NAL Number: GE160.A8.R47 1994
Annotation: A wide ranging book that explores environmental issues from religious and ethical perspectives with particular attention to the tradition of progress and development associated with the Western world. Discusses the often adversarial relationship between scientific knowledge and political and social attitudes. Provides views on the sustainability and productivity of land in Australia, how the land is being used, what is needed for the future, the government's role in environmental policy, and the changing rural culture in Australia.

Title: Results from the Montana Agricultural Assessment Questionnaire: A Survey of Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Jamtgaard, Keith
Publisher: Helena, MT: Alternative Energy Resources Organization, Mar. 1992. 48 p.
NAL Number: S451.M9J36 1992
Annotation: Results of a mail survey submitted by 600 Montana farmers and ranchers, conducted in 1990 as part of the Montana Agricultural Assessment Project, a three-year evaluation of the economic, social and agronomic effects of sustainable agriculture in Montana. Assesses the potential social impact on farm households, rural communities, and the structure of agriculture if sustainable agriculture were to be widely adopted. Contains a copy of the questionnaire and the methods used in evaluating the responses. Although the focus is on Montana, the diversity of agriculture in that state (ranching, dryland farming and irrigated operations) gives this survey a wider relevance in assessing the likely effects from sustainable agriculture. Preliminary findings indicate that: (1) sustainable and conventional farms are similar in size and land tenure, weakening the argument that sustainable agriculture might not be practical in large-scale operations; (2) sustainable farms tend to report higher gross sales than comparable conventional operations; (3) large sustainable operations seem to do as well as conventional operations in receiving government program payments and carrying long-term debt. Smaller sustainable farms and ranches are likely to encounter reduced government payments and carry higher long-term debt; (4) sustainable and conventional operations are similar in using hired labor, but more family members of sustainable producers contribute labor; (5) although there are differences in the types of agricultural goods and services purchased by sustainable and conventional operators, the percentage of purchases made locally are substantially the same; (6) there is somewhat more optimism among sustainable producers that their operations will be passed on to succeeding generations; (7) a perception of more complex management is an obstacle to wider adoption of sustainable agriculture. Both sustainable and conventional producers agree that sustainable practices increase soil fertility.

May be purchased from AERO, 44 N. Last Chance Gulch, Helena, MT 59601.

Title: Return to the Good Earth: Damaging Effects of Modern Agriculture and the Case for Ecological Farming
Publisher: Penang, Malaysia: The Third World Network, 1990. 570 p.
NAL Number: S589.7.R47 1990
Annotation: A collection of articles concerning the damage caused by modern agriculture and the superiority of ecologically sound, chemical-free farming. Topics include the dangers of pesticide overuse; the green revolution and its disastrous effects on the Third World; the industrial world's attempts to control genetic resources of the Third World; threat of biotechnology; biological control of pests; indigenous and natural farming methods that are productive and ecologically sound.

Title: Returns to Resource-conserving Crop Rotations with and without Government Programs
Authors: Williams, Jeffery R. and Penelope L. Diebel
Publisher: Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, June 1993. Staff paper 93-10. 23 p.
NAL Number: HD1401.S73
Annotation: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Agricultural Economics Association, August 1-4, 1993, at Orlando, FL. Analysis of the Integrated Farm Management Program Option of the 1990 farm bill indicates it provides little economic incentive to adopt resource-conserving crop rotations. Outside of this program, net returns are greatest when resource-conserving crops are rotated with a commodity program crop. Provides production strategies with and without the commodity program.

Title: Rodale's Chemical-Free Yard and Garden: The Ultimate Authority on Successful Organic Gardening
Author: Carr, Anna, et al
Publisher: Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1991. 456 p.
NAL Number: SB453.5.R63
Annotation: A manual for both beginning and experienced gardeners of how to manage a garden and yard without chemicals. Explains the fundamentals of organic gardening and lawncare; techniques for improving soil; how to make and apply products that contribute to a healthy garden and lawn; how to establish a system of planning and record keeping. Includes profiles on specific vegetables, fruit, flowers, trees and shrubs, indicating fertilization needs, and how to recognize likely pests and diseases. Contains a troubleshooting guide for pest and disease control, including how to encourage pest predators.

Title: The Role of Trees in Sustainable Agriculture
Editor: Prinsley, Roslyn Tamara
Publisher: Boston: Kluver Academic Publishers, 1993. 186 p.
NAL Number: SD1.F627 v. 43
Annotation: Volume 43 in the series, Forestry Sciences. Considers the potential of agroforestry for changing and improving the sustainability of agriculture and forestry. Describes the benefits for conservation and biodiversity of soil, with the focus on Australian experience, research and development. Topics include planting trees in dryland salinity; reversing salinisation; alternative products from trees and shrubs, such as oils, nuts, seeds, medicinal chemicals, craftwoods, charcoal; as shelter for protecting soil, plants and livestock; as fodder for livestock; management and planning guidelines; integrating wood production into Australian farming systems.

Title: Rural Economic Development and Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Strange, Marty
Publisher: Walthill, NE: Center for Rural Affairs, 1991. 22 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S74 1991
Annotation: Discusses the social, economic, and environmental factors in the relationship between sustainable agriculture and rural development. Examines the trends in rural and farm communities during recent years that have included a declining and aging farm population, fewer retail businesses in small communities, and the growth and consolidation of agricultural service enterprises. Sustainable agriculture is often seen as having a negative influence on rural economic development. The long-term effects of sustainable agriculture on rural economic development may depend on the success of new marketing opportunities, improved productivity, increased farm earnings, and rural population stabilization. Analyzes the economic basis for sustainable agriculture and suggests strategies for rebuilding agriculture and agricultural communities.

Inquiries may be made to Center for Rural Affairs, P.O. Box 406, Walthill, NE 68067.

Go to: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Top

Title: Sacred Cows and Hot Potatoes
Authors: Browne, William P. et al
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1992. 151 p.
NAL Number: HD1761.S17 1992
Annotation: Challenges many of the myths and assumptions that underlie much of U.S. farm policy_such as equating high farm prices with high farm incomes, farm programs with food programs, production with productivity; confusing farming with rural society; other counterproductive aspects.

Title: Science in Agriculture: The Professional's Edge
Author: Anderson. Arden B.
Publisher: Kansas City, MO: Acres U.S.A., 1992. 370 p.
NAL Number: Q181.A52 1992
Annotation: An overview of the basic sciences farmers need to understand in growing plants, regenerating soil, and providing high quality and nutritious products by curtailing reliance on chemicals. Offers fundamental elements of chemistry, physics, biology, microbiology, testing, planning, programming and management.

*Title: Seeds for Change: Sustainable Agriculture, Biodiversity and Food Security
Publisher: Ottawa, Ont.: USC Canada, 1994. 96 p.
NAL Number: S451.5.A1S68 1994
Annotation: Proceedings of a workshop held at Guelph, Ont., September 30 and October 1, 1994, considering "the importance of small-scale agriculture for global food security." Includes discussions among farmers, scientists, and representatives from government, communities, and universities on food insecurity, preserving biodiversity, encouraging cooperation between communities and growers in Ontario and between Canada and the Third World . Several Ethiopian participants reported on that country's program to preserve indigenous seed varieties and rebuild its food production.

Inquiries may be made to USC Canada, 56 Sparks St., Ottawa, Ont. K1P 5B1 Canada.

Title: Sell What You Sow!: The Grower's Guide to Successful Produce Marketing
Author: Gibson, Eric
Publisher: Carmichael, CA: New World Publishing, 1994. 302 p.
NAL Number: HD9005.G53 1994
Annotation: The smaller grower has an opportunity for financial success by meeting the market demand for quality and variety typically absent from large, conventional producers. Offers advice on market research, choosing what to grow and the best methods for selling, which may include direct marketing or through retail, wholesale, or cooperative outlets. Includes suggestions on merchandising, promotion, customer service, pricing and other business matters.

Title: Setting Priorities: Research, Practice, and Policy for a More Sustainable Agriculture: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture 1991 Conference Proceedings
Editor: Weber, Elizabeth F.
Publisher: Ames, IA: Leopold Center, 1991. 118 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S47
Annotation: Papers delivered by academics and farmers on research priorities; pest and weed management; Iowa crop production practices; farmers needs and expectations; sustainable agriculture for beginning farmers; livestock production; analysis of 1990 farm bill and government policies. Abstracts of additional papers include: farming systems and water quality; soil tilth indicators; comparative cropping systems, pasture and forage management; alternative fuel feedstocks; soil structural changes from prairie grass; reduced fungicides on tomatoes and in orchards; agroforestry. Includes summaries of discussion sessions.

Title: Showcase of Sustainable Agriculture Information and Educational Materials
Publisher: Davis, CA: Sustainable Agriculture Network, 1992. 63 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S56 1992
Annotation: A directory of exhibitors participating in this information fair held in conjunction with selected agricultural conferences. Includes description of material available from each vendor, i.e., books, periodicals, bulletins, newsletters, reports, information packages, catalogs, computer software, videotapes, training aids. Materials listed are examples of free or low-cost information products from reliable sources. Prepared by the Sustainable Agriculture Network, a consortium of universities, government, business and nonprofit organizations dedicated to information exchange.

Available on request from: Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

Title: Showcase of Sustainable Agriculture Information and Educational Materials
Publisher: Burlington, VT: Sustainable Agriculture Network, University of Vermont. 1993.
79 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S56 1993
Annotation: A guide to materials available from universities, government, businesses and organizations. Indexed by contributors, authors, titles, and subject matter.

Inquiries may be made to Sustainable Agriculture Publications, Hills Bldg., Room 12, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405-0082

Title: Smallholders, Householders: Farm Families and the Ecology of Intensive, Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Netting, Robert McC.
Publisher: Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993. 389 p.
NAL Number: GN407.4.N48 1993
Annotation: An anthropological and historical view of intensive agriculture practices of small-scale farmers around the world. Discusses specialized technologies and know-how developed by these smallholders; organization of farm family households; allocation of labor and time; farm size and productivity; property and tenure rights; market and economic forces; the future of small-holder intensive systems.

Title: SMP's: Sustainable Management Practices for the Nineties
Author: Fernholz, Carmen M.
Publisher: Madison, MN: A-Frame Press, 1992. 100 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86F47 1992
Annotation: Offers guidelines for analyzing present management practices, before beginning the transition to a sustainable system, by an evaluation that includes profiling variable costs per acre, pesticide usage, crop performance, energy, capital and labor. Stresses the importance of nitrogen to crops and how to purchase or produce it. Considers weed control, providing soil nutrients without chemical fertilizers and with or without livestock manure, benefits from using both the rotary hoe and row crop cultivator, double cropping with alfalfa.

*Title: Social Aspects of Sustainable Dryland Management
Editor: Stiles, Daniel
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. 313 p.
NAL Number: HD1580.S65 1995
Annotation: This book resulted from a workshop held in Nairobi, Kenya, December 14-18, 1993, organized by the Desertification Control Programme Activity Centre, United Nations Environment Programme, aimed at reversing land degradation and increasing dryland productivity. The focus of this workshop is described as "... empowering people to gain control over their lives through active participation in their own development. It is about recognizing the value of indigenous knowledge in sustainable development. It is about the centrality of people in development projects rather than technology." Its theme is a counterpoint to the paternalistic and technocratic schemes that have often predominated -- designs that were often monoculturist with little regard for diverse local factors and the "....politically invisible masses." Papers include overviews and case studies (mostly in Africa and Latin America) with emphasis on using indigenous knowledge; the role of women in these areas; the importance of public policy, research, and planning methods.

Title: Socio-Economic and Policy Issues for Sustainable Farming Systems
Editors: Paoletti, M.G. et al
Publisher: Padova, Italy: Cooperativa Amicizia, 1993. 308 p.
NAL Number: HD1415.S63 1993
Annotation: A collection of papers from a symposium, "Agroecology and Conservation Issues in Temperate and Tropical Regions", held in Padova in 1990. Topics include a discussion of the environmental and economic benefits of sustainable agriculture; biodiversity in agroecosystems; farmer-university participation in sustainable agriculture; intensifying agriculture and protecting the environment in the tropics; implementing sustainable agriculture in developing countries; managing water pollution and soil erosion; research policy on agroecology and the environment; animal husbandry, foraging and the Alpine environment; crop patterns and social tension in India; conversion to low-external-input farming in western Germany.

Title: The Socioeconomics of Sustainable Agriculture: An Annotated Bibliography
Authors: Goreham, Gary A.; David L. Watt; Roy M. Jacobsen
Publisher: New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1992. 334 p.
NAL Number: Z5074.E3G69 1992
Annotation: Includes annotations on publications written about the socioeconomic effects of sustainable agriculture on farms, farm families, communities, and the national agricultural production system. Citations are limited to English-language sources, mostly written after 1975, and relating primarily to North American agriculture. References include books and book chapters, periodicals, federal and state government documents, conference proceedings, university reports, and miscellaneous publications, such as pamphlets, papers, and newsletters. Each entry includes a brief description of the contents. There is both an author and term index.

*Title: Soil Biota Management in Sustainable Farming Systems
Editors: Pankhurst, C.E., et al
Publisher: East Melbourne, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), 1994. 262 p.
NAL Number: QH541.5.S6S63 1994
Annotation: Material from a workshop held in Adelaide, South Australia on March 15-18, 1994, that sought to develop " use practices that capture and exploit the beneficial activities of the soil biota and soil biotic make agriculture less dependent on non-renewable resources." Focuses on introducing or enhancing existing organisms (e.g., rhizobacteria, mycorrhizal fungi, microfauna, earthworms), in the soil in order to control root diseases, improve plant growth and soil quality. Presents methods for managing soil components and using biological indicators and enzymes to determine soil quality and crop productivity.

Title: Soil Biota, Nutrient Cycling, and Farming Systems
Editors: Paoletti, M.G.; W. Foissner; D. Coleman
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1993. 314 p.
NAL Number: S589.7.S635 1993
Annotation: Several contributors have provided articles dealing with the influence of microorganisms, invertebrates and plants on agroecosystems. Considers the interaction of biota, soil conditions and pesticide residue; organic matter management; recycling of bio-organic waste; the rate of plant pathogen survival in compost; monitoring soil contaminants for environmental and human health problems; agroforestry systems; weed reduction.

Title: Soil Conservation and Sustainable Land Use: An Economic Approach
Author: Graaf, Jan de
Publisher: Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Royal Tropical Institute, 1993. 191 p.
NAL Number: HD1131.G73 1993
Annotation: Another in the Institute's series, Development Oriented Research in Agriculture. Provides technical information, theory and history of land degradation, soil and water conservation, and sustainable land use. Suggests economic assessments and methods that are broader than the traditional cost and benefit analysis and include social factors, environmental impact, development of human and physical resources. Emphasizes practical applications and the role of farm households in project planning and decision making.

Title: Soil Fertility for Organic Farmers
Authors: Kindberg, Eric and Beth Ardapple Kindberg
Publisher: Mt. Judea, AR: Ozark Small Farm Viability Project, 1991. 24 p.
NAL Number: S633.K55 1991
Annotation: A booklet that provides basic information about practices that provide humus-rich soil. Includes the use of crop residues, animal manures, green manures, and other organic fertilizers. Offers guidelines for water management, tillage, crop rotations, growing legumes, managing green manures and sod pastures.

May be purchased from Ozark Small Farm Viability Project, P.O. Box 99, Mt. Judea, AR 72655.

Title: Soil Fertility in Sustainable Low Input Farming
Author: Koepf, Herbert H.
Publisher: East Troy, WI: Michael Fields Agricultural Institute, Bulletin no. 3, 1992. 26 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86M53 Bulletin no. 3
Annotation: An edited version of a lecture given at a seminar on ecological farming at Kishinev, Moldavia on July 23, 1991. Provides a brief outline of the principles and history of alternative farming. Compares the divergent goals of conventional farming and bio-dynamic/organic farming. Discusses the concept of soil fertility and plant nutrition and how to achieve, measure and monitor it, using crop rotation, residues, composting, and an integrated livestock system. Provides some data on the economics and farm budgeting of low input systems gained from selected German farms.

Inquiries may be made to Michael Fields Agricultural Institute, Inc., W2493 County Road ES, East Troy, WI 53120.

Title: Soil Resilience and Sustainable Land Use
Editors: Greenland, D.J. and I. Szabolcs
Publisher: Wallingford, Oxon, United Kingdom: CAB International, 1994. 561 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S65 1994
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium and workshop held in Budapest, September 28-October 2, 1992, that focused on the ability of soil to recover after disturbance. Papers were presented by international experts sharing their experiences, research, and experiments on the structure and properties of soil; the extent of soil degradation around the world; managing nutrients, biodiversity and physical conditions of soil; rehabilitating damaged soil; and assessing soil management practices in tropical countries. Discusses the role of data bases, information services, and international organizations in promoting sustainable land use.

*Title: Sowing the Seeds for Our Future: Report of the Second Asian Development Forum "Sustainable Agriculture Towards Foods Security and Enhanced Quality of Life"
Editor: Lingan-Debuque, Ma. Teresa
Publisher: Quezon City, Philippines: Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development, 1993. 182 p.
NAL Number: S470.A1A84 1993
Annotation: This publication resulted from papers delivered and discussions held at Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, February 22-26, 1993. At issue was the need for Asia to find a sustainable alternative to the Western model of high-yield, large-scale farming. There are papers devoted to describing the unique agricultural sectors, biophysical characteristics, socio-economic, cultural and political factors that affect Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nepal, and Vietnam. Views are given on the effects of the global political economy on sustainable agriculture, Western agricultural biotechnology that often displaced indigenous crops, and the several dimensions of sustainable agriculture.

Title: The Spirit of the Soil: Agriculture and Environmental Ethics
Author: Thompson, Paul B.
Publisher: New York: Routledge, 1995. 196 p.
NAL Number: S589.75.T48 1994
Annotation: Another title in the Environmental Philosophies series. Looks at the impact of industrial agriculture on the environment from an ethical perspective. Suggests that, unlike environmental studies, those involved in environmental ethics have largely omitted agricultural topics when planning academic courses, conferences, or publishing papers, articles, and books. Environmental ethicists have focused on the value of maintaining areas in a natural state or favoring a return of transformed areas to a natural state. Little attention has been given to using areas for production, and an environmental ethic that does not allow for food production and distribution is unrealistic and inappropriate. Conversely, farmers and agricultural scientists have failed to develop an ethic that comprehensively deals with current environmental problems. A primary objective of this book is to assist in developing an agricultural environmental ethic. Reviews the criticisms that have been directed by those who have found fault with almost every aspect of agricultural production. Discusses the elements and myths of agrarian stewardship; economic and other factors that determine the cost of producing and distributing food; the need to assess alternative agricultural systems and determine a meaningful concept of sustainability.

Title: Spiritual Foundations for the Renewal of Agriculture
Author: Steiner, Rudolf
Publisher: Kimberton, PA: Bio-Dynamic Farming and Gardening Association, 1993. 310 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P485S7413 1993
Annotation: An English translation of a remarkable series of lectures delivered by Steiner in Germany in 1924, to an audience that included experienced farmers. He regarded the physical world as part of a rich and extensive spiritual realm that portrayed the "Earth as an integrated living Being." Steiner wished to link good farming practices with a spiritual understanding of natural forces. These lectures became the basis of biodynamic agriculture. Steiner often used colored drawings to illustrate his points and many of these are included. Some of the subjects Steiner discussed include: using lime, silica, water, and heat to moderate the influence of other planets; the effects of planetary rhythms on plant growth and animal life; how natural forces work through the Earth's substances; the nature of sulfur, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen; the components of human and plant nutrition; introducing living forces into manure and compost for enriching soil; the ideal farm and the relationship between plants and animals; the influence of planets and the moon on weeds, pests, and plant diseases; recognizing subtle interactions in nature; and maintaining balance and essential relationships.

Inquiries may be made to Bio-Dynamic & Gardening Assn., P.O. Box 550, Kimberton, PA 19442.

Title: Strategies for Sustainable Animal Agriculture in Developing Countries
Editor: Mack, Simon
Publisher: Rome, Italy: United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 1993. FAO Animal Production and Health paper 107. 271 p.
NAL Number: SF1.F64
Annotation: Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation held in Rome, Dec. 10-14, 1990. Topics include the impact of regional government policies on livestock production; government and co-operative services for production and marketing of milk and meat; using animal feed resources including tropical pastures and rangelands; animal-crop integration; genetic resources; disease control; research, education, training and extension services.

Title: Stressed Ecosystems and Sustainable Agriculture
Editors: Virmani, S.M., et al
Publisher: New Delhi, India: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., 1994. 441 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S75 1994
Annotation: Papers presented at a workshop in Hyderabad, India on February 15-20, 1993, assessing the extent of ecosystem degradation and how to develop initiatives to manage or mitigate stresses, achieving a sustainable balance. Topics include: minimizing the conflict between economic development and ecological sustainability; concentrating research funds on genetic enhancement of plants, integrated pest management, efficient use of water and soil nutrients; political policy changes at all levels; the potential of small holdings; the roll of the World Bank in encouraging sustainable agriculture in the developing world; research being conducted by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics in semi-arid tropical stressed environments, involving physical, biological, and socioeconomic components; the challenges facing sustainable agriculture in India; defining the elements of unsustainable ecosystems as a necessary step in determining strategies for achieving sustainability; evaluating soil resources for ability to sustain production; adapting and managing agroecosytems in a time of changing global climate; evaluating sustainable cropping systems in arid, semi-arid, subhumid, and humid ecosystems; the role of integrated pest management and the research and technology necessary for its success; analyzing characteristics in the tropics to determine the extent and tolerance of land to stress; the link between local socioeconomic institutions and success in implementing sustainable agriculture; farmers' responses to soil erosion in the Philippines; soil nutrients and organic matter in stressed environments; conserving and managing water in soil and getting the optimum use of rainwater; the role of tillage systems in moderating stress on land; and alternative uses of land under stress.

Title: Successful Implementation of Integrated Pest Management for Agricultural Crops
Editors: Leslie, Anne R. and Gerrit W. Cuperus
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1993. 193 p.
NAL Number: SB950.S83 1993
Annotation: A collection of papers presented at a symposium in 1990, sponsored by the American Chemical Society, Division of Environmental Chemistry. Includes a chapter on the work of the National Coalition on Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM). Describes successes of integrated pest management in controlling insect pests, diseases and weeds on cotton, corn, soybeans, vegetables in California and the eastern U.S., wheat, stored grains and peanuts. Discusses how growers adapt integrated pest management to fit diverse situations. Summarizes a study of consumers' attitudes toward produce before and after being informed of insecticide treatment.

Title: Successful Small-Scale Farming: An Organic Approach (2nd ed.)
Author: Schwenke, Karl
Publisher: Pownal, VT: Storey Communications, Inc., 1991. 134 p.
NAL Number: S501.2.S33 1991
Annotation: A revision of the 1979 edition, written to encourage and advise the small-scale farmer. Includes methods for analyzing and conditioning soil. Considers different types of plants, their nutritional and environmental requirements, disease and pest problems, and discusses the suitability of several cash crops, including grasses, clover, corn, wheat, oats, potatoes, dried beans, raspberries and strawberries. Contains details on the uses, maintenance and economics of farm machinery and implements. Describes farm practices such as seed bed preparation, methods of plowing, planting, cultivating, harvesting, processing and storage. Presents an overview of the whole farm, including water supply and irrigation systems, ponds, wood lots, fencing, and tools and equipment for a farm shop. Stresses that innovative marketing can be as important as the production process and offers marketing guidelines.

Title: Sustainability of Land Use Systems: The Potential of Indigenous Measures for the Maintenance of Soil Productivity in Sub-Sahara African Agriculture: A Review of Methodologies and Research Results
Authors: Hailu, Zegeye and Artur Runge-Metzger
Publisher: Weikersheim, Germany: Verlag Josef Margraf Scientific Books, 1993. 168 p.
NAL Number: S625.A357H35 1993
Annotation: Number 7 in the series, Tropical Agroecology. Focuses on the sub-Sahara where per capita food production has declined over several decades. Examines the sustainability of regional land use systems; aspects and causes of land degradation and the economic effects; measures taken by farmers to adjust to changing situations. Proposes a research program to evaluate the sustainability of land use systems; successful local land management practices; relationship between individual, household, community and nation.

Title: Sustainability of Quality Food Production in the Twenty-first Century
Publisher: Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1992. 51 p.
NAL Number: SF196.U5P76 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium of the American Forage and Grassland Conference held on June 9, 1990, at Blacksburg, VA. Considers the likely obstacles that will face agriculture in the next century; the position of the beef industry in sustainable agriculture; consumer trends that will influence the food industry; the potential for sufficient food production and the greenhouse effect as an impediment to production.

Title: Sustainable Agricultural Development: The Role of International Cooperation
Editors: Peters, G.H. and B.F. Stanton
Publisher: Aldershot, England: Dartmouth Publishing, 1992. 704 p.
NAL Number: HD1405.I58 1991
Annotation: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference of Agricultural Economists held on August 22-29, 1991, in Tokyo. Includes papers on food security and world agriculture in the next century; markets and agricultural development; public and private sectors in agriculture; dryland agriculture and sustainability; potential of biotechnology for agriculture and the food industry; environmental issues; characteristics of farm households. Offers several views on agricultural aspects in developing countries and trade policies and market development in Europe.

Title: Sustainable Agricultural Systems
Editor: Edwards, Clive A., et al
Publisher: Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society, 1990. 696 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S86
Annotation: Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Agricultural Systems, held at Ohio State University in September 1988. Covers a broad range of topics that include historical, social and economic aspects of sustainable agriculture; soil nutrition; crop rotations and cropping systems; pest and weed management; conservation tillage; role of animals; integration in sustainable systems; improved ecology; sustainable agriculture in the tropics.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture: In Concept and In Deed
Author: Castillo, Gelia T.
Publisher: London: Overseas Development Institute, Regent's College, December 1992. Network paper 36. 32 p.
NAL Number: S539.5.N47 no. 36
Originally presented as a paper at the Asian Farming Systems Research Symposium held at Columbo, Sri Lanka in November 1992. Discusses the challenges agricultural research faces in dealing with sustainability, including the necessary but often adversarial relationship between indigenous knowledge and biotechnology. Describes some of the concepts and ideas that underlie sustainable agriculture. Presents a review of the impact of farming systems research and its apparent limitations. Emphasizes the need to understand an existing system before attempting to improve or change it. Suggests that the combination of subsistence production and commercialization may be the most effective scheme in certain areas for family well-being. Discusses the importance of secondary crops to system diversity; the connection between international trade and land use; and the goal of agrosystem analysis in research, policy and action.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture: Its Policy Effects on the Future of Canada and Ontario's Agrifood Systems
Publisher: Guelph, Ont.: University of Guelph, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Business, May 1990. AEB 90/3. 142 p.
NAL Number: HD1785.G8
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference held in Guelph on May 31, 1990. Objectives were to review trends in world food requirements; identify potential problems in implementing sustainable agriculture concepts; discuss policy changes necessary for sustainable agriculture. Papers include environmental effects of farm programs in developed countries; policy implications of world food security; future of Canada's and the world's land resources; land degradation in Ontario, its effect on sustainability and incentives to maintain good soil.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture: The Research Challenge
Publisher: [Ottawa, Ont.?]: Science Council of Canada, July 1992. Report no. 43. 46 p.
NAL Number: S451.5.A1S97 1992
Annotation: This is the final report of the Science Council's study on sustainable agriculture, and is largely a presentation of challenges facing Canadian agriculture and the food industry. Includes recommendations for research, training, promotion of sustainable practices, and restructuring of Canadian agriculture and the allied food industry.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development: FAO at the Crossroads
Author: Hansen, Michael
Publisher: Yonkers, NY: Consumers Union of the United States, 1993. 71 p.
NAL Number: S439.H36 1993
Annotation: Looks at the history of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and what the author views as a flawed policy for agricultural production in the developing countries of the Southern Hemisphere. These production systems were based on large-scale, high-yielding models dependent on significant levels of chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Proposes several modifications FAO should consider in order to make its programs effective. These include greater popular participation in agricultural development work, using grass roots organizations. Extension work and disseminating information about sustainable agriculture should be one of FAO's primary activities. Projects must be ecologically rational, focusing on low-input and encouraging genetic diversity. The author views FAO as functioning in an almost covert manner, reluctant to share information about its projects or operations. Praises some of the work FAO has done with integrated pest control in Asian rice growing.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture and Suburban Markets: What's the Connection?
Author: Kitasei, Hilary Hinds
Publisher: Briarcliff Manor, NY: The League of Women Voters of Briarcliff, Ossining, Croton and Cortlandt, 1992. 36 p.
NAL Number: HD9005.K57 1992
Annotation: A booklet that describes results of a consumer survey in upstate New York of how customers select fruits and vegetables in supermarkets. Half the respondents regarded pesticide-free produce as a major consideration. Includes consumers' thoughts about quality and sources of produce; opinions about organic produce, price and availability. Discusses alternative marketing systems such as farmers' markets, buying clubs, cooperatives, "pick your own" farms. Discusses strategies for encouraging sustainable agriculture.

Inquiries may be made to the League of Women Voters of Briarcliff, Ossining, Croton and Cortlandt, P.O. Box 30, Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment: Perspectives on Growth and Constraints
Editor: Ruttan, Vernon W.
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1992. 189 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S865 1992
Annotation: A series of consultations were held at the University of Minnesota in November 1989. The participants, recognized biological and social scientists, were asked to discuss the implications of global change for agricultural research priorities into the 21st century. This book deals with the environmental and resource changes that were discussed. Included are factors involved in and responses to climate change; soil fertility and management; soil erosion; pests and pathogens. Two other subject areas of these consultations (not included in this book) concern scientific and technical constraints on crop and animal productivity; and health constraints in agricultural development.

Copies of discussions on these two topics can be obtained from Waite Library, Dept. of Agriculture and Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, 1994 Buford Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics
Author: Committee on Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics, Board on Agriculture and Board on Science and Technology for International Development, National Research Council
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1993. 702 p.
NAL Number: S481.N38 1992
Annotation: Focuses on the loss of rain forests and other environmental resources in tropical countries. Offers ideas for mitigating land degradation and deforestation; promoting food production and economic growth; protecting resources; changing adverse policies. Provides observations on Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Ivory Coast, and Zaire.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Development in Asia
Publisher: Tokyo: Asian Productivity Organization (APO), 1994. 488 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S972 1994
Annotation: Report of an APO study meeting held in Tokyo on Feb. 23 - March 5, 1994. Discusses issues and experiences pertaining to sustainable agriculture development and programs that contribute to environment sensitive techniques and sustainable production systems. Papers include sustainable agriculture in Asian developing countries from an economist's perspective; changes in agrarian structure; development and transfer of environment technology; sustainable agriculture and the alleviation of poverty; sustainable animal production in integrated small farm systems; prospects for sustainable agriculture in Asia. Conditions for sustainable agriculture are described individually for Taiwan, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, South Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Directory of Expertise (3rd Edition)
Publisher: Burlington, VT: Sustainable Agriculture Network, University of Vermont, January 1996. Various pagings.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S874 1996
Annotation: Contains the names and addresses of more than 700 people and organizations with expertise in various areas of sustainable agriculture. Listings are by state with comprehensive indexes for individuals, organizations, crop and livestock topics, products and services, areas of expertise, and management methods.

Inquiries may be made to Sustainable Agriculture Publications, University of Vermont, Hills Bldg., Burlington, VT 05405-0082. (802) 656-0471.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture for California: A Guide to Information
Authors: Mitchell, Steve and David Bainbridge
Publisher: Oakland, CA: University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, 1991. Publication no. 3349. 198 p.
NAL Number: Z5075.U5M5
Annotation: Although prepared with California as its primary focus, this is a useful reference source for locating basic and diverse information about sustainable agriculture in libraries and using interlibrary loan, data bases, and bibliographies. Contains a directory of U.S. and international sustainable agriculture organizations; sustainable agriculture education programs in western U.S. universities and colleges; grant-giving programs; essential topics in sustainable agriculture found in books and other materials.

Available from Publications, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, 6701 San Pablo Ave., Oakland, CA 94608-1239.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture for the Asian and Pacific Region
Editor: Bay-Petersen, Jan
Publisher: Taipei, Taiwan: Food and Fertilizer Technology Center
for the Asian and Pacific Region (FFTC), 1992. 96 p.
NAL Number: SB177.A75F47 no.44
Annotation: No. 44 in FFTC's book series. Includes papers presented at the 11th meeting of the Center's Technical Advisory Committee held on May 18-24, 1992, at Suweon, South Korea. Focuses on the special characteristics and requirements necessary for the development of sustainable systems in tropical areas. Organic farming is less suitable in the humid tropics because of the rapid breakdown of organic matter and the formidable buildup of pests and pathogens that make disease and pest control more difficult. Deals with the concept of sustainable agriculture; soil management using organic matter with or without chemical fertilizers; developing tropical highlands for agriculture with an emphasis on agroforestry; using biological resources and biotechnology; methods of sustainable agriculture developed in Taiwan that include using natural pesticides such as chili extract.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture in Egypt
Editors: Faris, Mohamed and Mahmood Hasan Khan
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1993. 273 p.
NAL Number: S473.E38S88 1993
Annotation: Papers from a conference on the sustainability of Egyptian agriculture held in Alexandria in May 1992. Focuses on environmental, economic, social, cultural, and political features of sustainable development in Egypt. Considers water resource management and policies; rice production; government agricultural policy; small farmer households, women's rights, population dynamics, and other social factors; the political process in Egypt.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture in Temperate Zones
Editors: Francis, Charles A.; Cornelia Butler Flora; Larry D. King
Publisher: New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1990. 487 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S87
Annotation: A collection of views, by 23 contributors, that considers the challenges and problems for sustainable agriculture and methods for dealing with them. Topics include developing crop varieties; the importance of legumes in cropping systems; pest and weed management; soil fertility practices. Reviews The Land Institute research on high-seed yielding grains, grasses and legumes. Examines the interaction between soil microorganisms and crop productivity. Includes a chapter on pasture management that covers layout and design, fencing, and grazing methods. Describes the operation of the Dick Thompson farm, a recognized sustainable venture in Iowa. Discusses the process of converting from conventional to sustainable farming and the social, economic, political and biological obstacles involved. Although the focus is on temperate regions, many of the principles presented are applicable to other climatic and geographical areas.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture in the American Midwest: Lessons from the Past, Prospects for the Future
Editors: McIsaac, Gregory and William R. Edwards
Publisher: Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994. 291 p.
NAL Number: S441.S97 1994
Annotation: Explores the technical, ecological, and social aspects of sustainable agriculture in the Midwest. Contributors are specialists in agronomy, plant biology, soil science, ecology, entomology, geography, climatology, engineering, economics, and anthropology. Addresses the factors and perceptions that often make it difficult to agree on basic elements of sustainability. Includes discussions on the evolution of concepts and definitions of sustainability; contrasting cultural beliefs; the frequent conflict between indigenous agricultural knowledge and technology and resulting social change; resolution of conflicts that arose from land drainage schemes in the lower Illinois River valley between l890s-1930; the relationship between wildlife and agricultural production in the Midwest; evaluating the natural ecosystem as a standard for sustainability; defining sustainable cropping systems; the interaction among humans, pests and crops, and the evolution of pest control methods; effects of land use and management on soil erosion and long-term production; impact of future climate patterns on sustainable agriculture; alternative energy sources for agriculture.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture in the National Research Initiative
Publisher: Walthill, NE: Center for Rural Affairs, October 1991. 31 p.
NAL Number: S541.S87
Annotation: Recommendations of a panel convened August 14-16, 1991, at Kings Beach, CA by the Center for Rural Affairs and the USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. Offers specific views regarding research on: minimizing soil and water losses; water quality; animal health, genetics and reproduction; maintaining or expanding biological diversity; designing farm and forestry systems resilient to environmental change; improving plant production systems, pest management, quality and engineering of food and forest products; enhancing productivity and profitability of sustainable systems; competitiveness of U.S. agriculture; economic opportunities and quality of life for farmers and rural residents; assessing long-term socio-economic effects of agricultural research and technology. Suggests procedures and criteria for evaluating NRI grant proposals and distributing funds.

Available from Center for Rural Affairs, Box 405, Walthill, NE 68067.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture in the Southern Rockies: A Resource Directory of Producers and Practices
Publisher: Telluride, CO: Telluride Insitute; Sustainable Mountain Agricultural Alliance (SMALL), 1991. 138 p.
NAL Number: S441.S82 1991
Annotation: In 1989, SMALL surveyed producers using sustainable agriculture in Colorado, eastern Utah, and northern Arizona and New Mexico to determine practices and goals. Presents an overview of the respondents, including demographics, farm size, equipment, land tenure, management, crops and livestock produced, management goals and techniques, practices employed. Includes information resources such as books, periodicals, and organizations.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture in the 21st Century: Will The Grass Be Greener?
Author: Benbrook, Charles M.
Publisher: Baileys Crossroads, VA: St. Anthony Press, 1991. 82 p.
NAL Number: S441.B45 1991
Annotation: A small paperback book, published in collaboration with The Humane Society, that focuses on the economic and environmental viability of the beef cattle industry in the U.S. Cites studies that attribute the decline in per capita beef consumption in the U.S. after 1977 to price considerations rather than changes in consumer tastes and preferences. To be competitive, the beef industry must offer a leaner product that can be produced at a lower cost. Beef is the largest segment and an essential part of American agriculture, and is a major factor in progress toward sustainable cropping systems. Forage-based crop rotations offer farmers opportunities to take advantage of the positive ecological interactions within mixed crop and livestock farming systems. The economic advantages in using legume and grass-based forage crops are critical to higher profits, lower costs, and more nutritious beef. Presents data on the costs and energy requirements of raising beef. Includes Humane Society guidelines for the care and handling of livestock and poultry. A contrasting view of the objection raised in Jeremy Rifkin's book, Beyond Beef, that cattle raising is necessarily ecologically unsound.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Program Directory 1992: A Comprehensive Listing of State, National, and International Sustainable Agriculture Initiatives
Editors: Cuchetto, Andrea, et al
Publisher: Washington, DC: American Farmland Trust, March 1992. 70 p.
NAL Number: S494.5. S86S875 1992
Annotation: Lists 224 sustainable agriculture programs and organizations (private, government, academic) from the international to the local level. Each entry includes a brief description of the organization or institution, address, telephone number, publications issued.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Program of Minnesota Greenbook 91
Publisher: St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Agriculture, Energy and Sustainable Agriculture Program, 1991. 85 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S88 1991
Annotation: Describes Minnesota's approach to encouraging sustainable practices. Programs include on-farm research and demonstration projects, grant and loan funding, public information about sustainable agriculture, and evaluating farm energy use. Research projects include crop rotation and reduced chemical use in growing wild rice; using hairy vetch and winter rye as cover crops; chemical free double cropping; nitro alfalfa in no-till corn and soybean rotation; early tall oat and soybean double cropping; weed and pest management, including using geese to weed strawberry fields; mechanical mulching of tree seedlings; conservation tillage; improving groundwater quality; using nitrogen from legume residues, urea, hog manure and nitro alfalfa; improved uses of manure; effects of rotational livestock grazing; analyzing certified organic farms; studying high-speed, natural air drying of grain.

Inquiries may be made to Minnesota Dept. of Agriculture, Energy and Sustainable Agriculture Program, 90 W. Plato Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55107

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Project Report: Project Papers 1991
Publisher: Madison, WI: Wisconsin Dept. of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, Land and Water Resource Bureau, Sustainable Agriculture Program, 1991. Unpaginated.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S92 1991
Annotation: Papers cover a wide range of projects associated with Wisconsin's Sustainable Agriculture Program. Topics include: Low Input Vegetable Energy Systems (LIVES), an organic growing system; using round combs for honey production; comparing growth of conventional and low input corn and amaranth; controlling ginseng disease with compost; conservation tillage; nutrient management; integrated pest management; comparing no-till and conventional tilled corn on land with alfalfa and grass sod; comparing tillage systems with and without herbicides on alfalfa; mechanical, biological, and other types of weed control designed to reduce or eliminate the use of chemicals; planting no-till legumes in fields overrun with weeds and grasses; designing educational courses for sustainable agriculture; establishing farmer networks for information and assistance; deep soil testing for nitrogen; protecting streambanks; comparing corn production using raw and composted manure; using biological nitrogen fixation as an alternative to fertilizer for growing legumes; comparing organic and commercial fertilizers on alfalfa; cover crop demonstrations; intensive rotational grazing; establishing goals for forage yields; using alternative forages; raising sheep with the Voisin grazing system; effect of windbreaks on vegetable production; and using woodlands in farming.

Inquiries may be made to the Sustainable Agriculture Program, P.O. Box 7883, Madison, WI 53707-7883.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education in the Field: A Proceedings
Author: Board on Agriculture, National Research Council
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1991. 437 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86N37
Annotation: Proceedings of a workshop held in Washington, DC, on April 3-4, 1990.Includes reports from around the country that summarize progress in understanding the scientific basis of sustainable systems and setting research priorities. Participants were principally academic scientists, agribusiness leaders, policy makers, and farmers. Presents an overview of general issues and information, results of research projects in the Western, Southern, North Central, and Northeastern regions of the U.S.

Available for purchase from National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave., Washington, DC 20418.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Research Sourcebook: A Compilation of Current Activities on Sustainable Agriculture at U.S. Universities
Authors: Haney, Wava G.; Margaret Krome; G.W. Stevenson
Publisher: Blue Earth, WI: Wisconsin Rural Development Center, 1986. 56 p.
NAL Number: S604.6.H3
Annotation: Briefly describes sustainable agriculture programs at the following universities: California (Berkeley, Davis, Santa Cruz), Cornell, Florida, Iowa State, Maine (Orono), Michigan State, Minnesota, Missouri (Columbia), Montana State, Nebraska, North Carolina State, Penn State, South Dakota State, Syracuse, Vermont, and Washington State.

Inquiries may be directed to Wisconsin Rural Development Center, P.O. Box 504, Blue Earth, WI 53515.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Resources and Information Directory: Minnesota 1993
Author: Monsen, Wayne
Publisher: St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Energy and Sustainable Agriculture Program, 1993. 30 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S97 1993
Annotation: The second edition of this directory of organizations, in Minnesota and elsewhere, that are active in sustainable agriculture. Also includes a short bibliography of books, periodicals, video- and audiocassettes pertaining to sustainable agriculture.

Inquiries may be made to Minnesota Dept. of Agriculture, Energy and Sustainable Agriculture Program, 90 West Plato Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55107.

Title: Sustainable Agriculture Systems
Editors: Hatfield, J.L. and D.L. Karlen
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1994. 316 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S86 1994
Annotation: A collection of articles that examines the components within agricultural systems and how these may be incorporated into sustainable systems. Topics include water conservation, irrigation, decreasing evaporation and transpiration, reducing neripercolation, basic soil testing, plant analyses, rotation, cover crops, nutrient enhancement, soil organic matter, tillage methods, weed and pest management. Also provides a historical perspective and a discussion of economic issues, social changes and future challenges.

Title: Sustainable Beef Production: Proceedings of a Workshop Conducted by NSW Agriculture in May 1991
Editor: Graham, Jamie
Publisher: [Sydney, NSW, Australia?]: New South Wales (NSW) Agriculture; 1991. 138 p.
NAL Number: HD9433.A83N48 1991
Annotation: Proceedings of a workshop held at the University of Western Sydney in Australia, May 7-9, 1991. Although much of what was discussed, such as local problems, marketing, and government relations is peculiar to New South Wales and Australia, attention is given to topics that have a wider relevance. Included are community standards regarding animal welfare, the place of beef in health conscious diets, breeding and feeding of cattle, environmental challenges and the economics of beef production.

Title: Sustainable Development: Voices from Rural Asia
Editor: McGrath, Paul
Publisher: [s.l.]: Studio Driya Medica & Cuso, [1995?]. vol. 1, 183 p.; vol. 2, 175 p.
NAL Number: HC79.E5.S98 1995 (v.1 & 2)
Annotation: Relates the ideas and experiences of workers in sustainable development, mainly in Asia, with additional references to Nigeria and Peru. Discusses the factors in sustainable development, indigenous knowledge, cultural perceptions, social relations, land tenure, gender issues, productivity, transforming traditional agriculture, pest management strategies, forest management, economic and labor considerations, health and nutrition, education and training, distributing information, rural development networks and forums. Narratives center on Thailand, Indonesia, Laos, Philippines, Bangladesh, Cambodia, and to a lesser degree, India.

*Title: Sustainable Development and Biodiversity: Conflicts and Complementarities
Publisher: Ithaca, NY: Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development, 1992. 77 p.
NAL Number: QH75.A1S93 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a symposium held at Cornell University, September 19-22, 1991, that sought some measure of compatibility between agricultural development and biological conservation. Perspectives were offered on how to provide an acceptable standard of living for humans while maintaining diversity of other life on earth. Presentations are quite brief and include local initiatives and projects in Central America that combine traditional agriculture with conservation of biodiversity (including rubber tapping and preserving rainforests in the Amazon); international projects by organizations that link development and conservation; creating and preserving biosphere and genetic reserves; converting agricultural lands into wetlands and aquatic habitats and wasteland into agricultural production.

Inquiries may be made to Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development, Box 14, Kennedy Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.

Title: Sustainable Development and Sustainable Agriculture: (A Partially Annotated Bibliography With Emphasis on Economics)
Authors: Rosenberg, Elliot and Ludwig M. Eisgruber
Publisher: Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics, May 1992. Working paper no. 92-101. 228 p.
NAL Number: Z5863.A35R67 1992
Annotation: Another in the Oregon State series, Working Papers in Economics. A bibliography of literature dealing with economic aspects of sustainable development and sustainable agriculture. Citations include books and journal articles, published primarily between 1987-1991. Includes subject and author indexes.

Title: Sustainable Development of Scots Pine Forests
Author: Kuper, J.H.
Publisher: Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Agricultural University, 1994. Wageningen Agricultural University Papers, no. 94-2. 317 p.
NAL Number: S539.5.A35
Annotation: To clarify any misunderstanding that the title may cause, this book has nothing to do with pine forests in Scotland, but rather with designing a silvicultural system for sustainable growth of Scots (or Scotch) pine trees in Holland. Scots pine are predominant in Dutch forests and most of these forests are cultivated. Examines several factors, including the size at which old pine trees should be harvested; growth of spontaneously regenerated oak, birch, and beech beneath old pine stands; conditions under which Scots pine generate within old stands; supplementing regeneration to produce higher profits; determining the proportion of trees that might be managed by group felling, the volume of wood to be left in the forest, and the amount of timber that can be harvested without threatening plant and animal species. Specifies the materials and methods for measuring and analyzing soil condition, tree volume and height, light, regeneration of saplings under varying conditions, ecological effects, and profitability. Offers statistical and graphic data to demonstrate results of this study.

Title: Sustainable Farming: Possibilities 1990-2020
Author: Science Council of Canada
Publisher: Ottawa, Ont.: Science Council of Canada, 1991. 97 p.
NAL Number: S451.5.A1S87 1991
Annotation: A discussion paper dealing with the challenge Canadians face in designing policies that will help make sustainable agriculture a reality. Examines the potential for agriculture of advances in science and technology and the need to direct research into wider areas. Offers a series of scenarios that depict various paths to sustainable agriculture.

Title: Sustainable Farming and the Role of Farmers' Organizations
Publisher: Paris, France: International Federation of Agricultural Producers, 1990. 62 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S879 1990
Annotation: A farmer-centered approach to rural development programming and improving farm systems that views farmers as the key to solutions and not part of the problem. Suggests that insufficient contact exists between research, extension and development services and farmers' organizations. Looks at approaches to be made in improving farm systems, reaching farmers at the grass roots level, enhancing farmer participation and strengthening farmers' organizations.

Title: Sustainable Farming Guide Book
Publisher: St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Agriculture, Energy and Sustainable Agriculture Program, 1990. Unnumbered pages.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S89 1990
Annotation: A guide for farmers who are considering a change from conventional methods to a sustainable or alternative system. Although prepared for the Minnesota farmer, this guide offers suggestions that may be helpful to farmers living elsewhere. Assists in determining practicable objectives and preparing a transition plan. Deals with different farming enterprises, e.g., dairy, poultry, beef, hogs, grain and horticulture crops. Includes discussion of weed management, rotational grazing and cropping, and profitability. Furnishes practical experiences of individual Minnesota farmers engaged in different farming ventures.

Title: Sustainable Forestry: Philosophy, Science, and Economics
Author: Maser, Chris
Publisher: Delray Beach, FL: St. Lucie Press, 1994. 373 p.
NAL Number: SD387.S87M375 1994
Annotation: Looks at the ecological characteristics of forests and society's disregard for this natural design in it's emphasis on short-term economic expediency. Examines current practices, such as replacing forests with fast-growing tree plantations, and the changes that must be made to secure sustainable forests and forestry. Maintains that special, local and regional interests must resolve current conflicts and come to view forests as a global concern. Defines the premises and elements of ecosystem management.

Title: Sustainable Hog Production
Authors: Gegner, Lance E. et al
Publisher: Fayetteville, AR: Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA), 1992. 20 p. plus enclosures (various pagings).
NAL Number: HD9435.U62G45 1992
Annotation: Information for establishing a sustainable hog operation. Topics include breed selection, feeding, swine health, farrowing facilities, waste management, and economic considerations. Provides sources for additional information.

Inquiries may be made to ATTRA, P.O. Box 3657, Fayetteville, AR 72702.

Title: Sustainable Land Use: A Policy for Sustainable Management and Use of Natural Resources in Developing Countries
Publisher: The Hague, Netherlands: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for International Cooperation, 1993. Sectoral policy document no. 2. 66 p.
NAL Number: HD706.S87 1993
Annotation: Another in a series of publications on sectoral policy issued by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Briefly reviews Third World agricultural development; causes of soil degradation; effects of agricultural production on the environment. Offers ideas for an integrated approach to management of natural resources; guidelines for sustainable land use; cooperation and aid programs.

Copies are available from the Development Cooperation Information Dept., Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Postbus 20061, 2500 EB The Hague, Netherlands.

Title: Sustainable Land Use Systems Research: Proceedings of an International Workshop
Publisher: New Delhi, India: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., 1992. 226 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86S95 1992
Annotation: Proceedings of a workshop held at New Delhi, February 12-16, 1990, with the cooperation of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, and the Rodale Institute. Presents an analysis of land characteristics, agroecosystems, and sustainable land use research being done in India, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, Oceania, Africa, the Middle East, Europe, North, Central, and South America.

Title: Sustainable Practices for Plant Disease Management in Traditional Farming Systems
Author: Thurston, H. David
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1992. 279 p.
NAL Number: SB731.T48 1991
Annotation: A look at traditional farming systems around the world, their often effective but sometimes failed means of managing plant diseases. Considers the use of pesticides and fungi- cides in traditional systems; biological control; aspects of planting, such as density, spacing, depth, site selection, seed preparation, planting time. Evaluates disease management that results from land preparation practices, such as slash and burn, flooding, mulching, organic soil treat- ment. Discusses tillage and cropping methods, harvesting, storage, and genetic diversity of plants.

Title: Sustainable Taro Culture in the Pacific: The Farmers' Wisdom
Editor: Ferentinos, Lisa
Publisher: Honolulu, HI: Taro Production Systems in the American Pacific, Pacific Agricultural Development Office, University of Hawaii, 1992. 11 p.
NAL Number: SB211.T2S97 1992
Annotation: This booklet resulted from studies of methods used by farmers to grow taro in Hawaii, Samoa, Guam, and other U.S. associated Pacific islands. It is a supplement to the videocassette, Nourish the Roots, Gather the Leaves: Sustainable Taro Culture in the Pacific (NAL call no. Videocassette 2047). Describes methods used to clear land; build terraces, dikes, and windbreaks; maintain soil fertility; manage weeds, pests, and diseases.

Inquiries may be made to Pacific Agricultural Development Office, Tropical Energy House, East-West Road, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822.

Title: Sustainers and Sustainability: Attitudes, Attributes, and Actions for Survival
Author: Doob, Leonard W.
Publisher: Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1995. 179 p.
NAL Number: HD75.6.D66 1995
Annotation: A thoughtful look at people who support sustainability and those who do not. Attempts to define the challenges that face humanity and the environment and the ideas and principles that motivate people working in the sciences and everyday life. Based on the concept that humans must possess certain characteristics in order for sustainability to be successful, the book seeks to explore what those attributes are.

Title: Sustaining Agriculture in Developing Countries Through Partnerships for Technology Transfer
Publisher: Swindon, United Kingdom: Agricultural and Food Research Council, 1993. 24 p.
NAL Number: S540.8.A56A59 1993
Annotation: A brochure describing the programs the Council is pursuing to advance knowledge for the agriculture and food industries, particularly for the sustainable use of land and resources. Focuses on work being done to disseminate information and form research partnerships in developing countries. Reports on genetic studies, animal health and welfare, plant resistance to pests and diseases, food safety, engineering technology, soil management, crop harvesting, and other areas of research.

Title: Sustaining Growth: Soil Fertility Management in Tropical Smallholdings
Author: Müller-Sämann, Karl M. and Johannes Kotschi
Publisher: Weikersheim, Germany: Margraf Verlag, 1994. 486 p.
NAL Number: S599.9.T73M913 1994
Annotation: This is an English translation of the 1986 German edition. Points out basic differences between developed and tropical developing countries that are important for agricultural purposes. Developed countries show a low population growth, a declining number of people engaged in agriculture, larger farm operations, less subsistence farming, greater specialization and marketing access, and lower risk of crop failure. Tropical agriculture is practiced in areas with an escalating population characterized by smallholdings with high production risks, few resources to purchase soil conditioners, pest control and other applications, and little influence on transportation and marketing. Draws on experiences and research projects in promoting sustainable agriculture in tropical countries. Discusses the ecological effects of agroforestry systems; using green manure and intensive fallowing in maintaining soil fertility; producing and applying mulch, compost, and farmyard manure; encouraging biological factors that lessen the need for external application of fertilizer and pesticides. Uses charts and other graphics to demonstrate data.

Title: Sustaining Land, People, Animals, and Communities: The Case for Livestock in a Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Caneff, Denny
Publisher: Washington, DC: Midwest Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, 1993. 26 p.
NAL Number: SF51.C36 1993
Annotation: Discusses the value of livestock in a sustainable system, in the rural economy, and the undesirability of the current "animal factory" livestock industry. Examines issues raised by environmental, animal welfare, and food quality interests. Offers policy options and recommendations to ensure healthy animals, viable rural communities and family farms, a healthy environment, and healthy food supply.

Inquiries may be made to Midwest Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, 110 Maryland Ave. NE, Box 76, Washington, DC 20002.

Title: Systems Approaches for Improvement in Agriculture and Resource Management
Authors: Wilson, Kathleen and George E.B. Morren Jr.
Publisher: New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1990. 361 p.
NAL Number: S540.A2W54
Annotation: Written for students in the agricultural, food, and natural resources sciences as part of a project to create new college-level curricula. Deals with decision making and problem solving in changing environments required of managers in agricultural, food, and related enterprises. Discusses the processes of learning and the various methods of inquiry.

Go to: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Top

Title: Taxing Pesticides to Fund Research for Sustainable Agriculture: The Iowa Model
Publisher: Washington, DC: Americans for Safe Food, Center for Science in the Public Interest, 1990. 75 p.
NAL Number: HJ5347.I8T39 1990
Annotation: A look at 1987 Iowa legislation that imposed a tax on pesticides and nitrogen fertilizers as a means for funding programs and research to help reverse the effects of pesticide use and reduce reliance on synthetic chemicals.

Available for purchase from Americans for Safe Food, 1875 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20009-5728.

Title: Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics
Editors: Ragland, John and Rattan Lal
Publisher: Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy (ASA); Crop Science Society of America; Soil Science Society of America, 1993. ASA special publication no. 56. 313 p.
NAL Number: 64.9.Am3 no.56
Annotation: Proceedings of two ASA symposia held in San Antonio in 1990 and Denver in 1991. Examines the constraints, challenges and choices facing sustainable agriculture in developing countries. Stresses that the success of sustainability in these countries depends on the ability to produce substantial wealth. Other topics include linking modern technologies to indigenous farming practices to achieve productive sustainable systems; sustainable development of sloping uplands in southeast Asia and methods for reversing land degradation; agroforestry, nutrient cycling and alley cropping; using Vetiver grass to control soil erosion; employing computer models to aid in decision making; socio-economic considerations, such as economic and policy influences on sustainability and farmer participation in research. Focuses on the problems and strategies for sustainable agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa.

Title: Technology Policy for Sustainable Agricultural Growth
Publisher: Washington, DC: International Food Policy
Research Institute (IFPRI), October 1990. Policy brief no. 7. 36 p.
NAL Number: HD9000.A1I47
Annotation: Briefs presented at a seminar held in The Hague, Netherlands, July 2 and 3, 1990. Discusses the roles of research, investment and economic policies in encouraging the development and use of infrastructure, irrigation, fertilizers, and improved seed varieties.

Title: Tools for Organic Farming: A Manual of Appropriate Equipment and Treatments
Editor: McRobie, George
Publisher: London: Intermediate Technology Publications; New York: The Bootstrap Press, 1990. 77 p.
NAL Number: S676.T66
Annotation: Intended for the needs of small- to medium-scale organic farmers in Europe and the U.S. Includes techniques for protecting the soil and environment; cropping systems; pest and weed control; implements for tillage; animal-powered and motorized cultivation; sowing, planting and fertilizers; equipment for harvesting, threshing, and crop processing. Also includes information on water-lifting pumps and other equipment, and a manufacturers' index.

Title: Toward a Sustainable Agriculture: A Teacher's Guide
Publisher: Madison, WI: The Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems (CIAS), University of Wisconsin, 1991. 151 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86T68 1991
Annotation: A curriculum for introducing sustainable principles and practices to students, prepared primarily for Wisconsin high school agricultural instructors. Includes a teacher reference section dealing with the history of 20th century agriculture and the beginning of environmental awareness; definitions, concepts, and economics of sustainable agriculture; sustainable cropping and livestock systems; ethical and public policy issues. Provides an outline of objectives and subject matter that can be used to design a comprehensive course. Suggests learning activities for students in areas such as composting; nitrate leaching; marketing of alternative products; pest, weed and disease management; tillage; groundwater protection; economic aspects of sustainability; political and ethical issues; career and business opportunities.

Available from CIAS, 146 Agriculture Hall, 1450 Linden Dr., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.

Title: Toward Enhanced and Sustainable Agricultural Productivity in the 2000's: Breeding Research and Biotechnology
Publisher: Tatsuen Hsiang, Changhua, Taiwan: Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, 1994. 3 vols., 1008 p.
NAL Number: SB123.57.I53 1993
Annotation: Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of the Society for the Advancement of Breeding Researches in Asia and Oceania (SABRAO) and International Symposium of World Sustainable Agriculture (WSAA), held at Taipei, Taiwan, November 16-20, 1993. In volumes I and II, these scientific papers deal with a wide range of subjects in plant genetics, crop physiology and production, and biotechnology research. Naturally, there is considerable emphasis on rice-related topics that include drought resistance, hybrid sterility, blight resistance, mutations, chromosomal mapping, and other genetic studies. Additional papers examine breeding methods in sugarcane, pasture grass, clove, bamboo, pepper, sorghum, snap pea, soybean, camellias, and orchids. Volume III focuses on experiences and methods for enhancing sustainable agricultural productivity, particularly in Asia, including techniques for conditioning soil, managing organic matter, composting, biological control of pests and weeds, and cropping. Attention is also given to animal breeding to preserve stocks and avoid inbreeding.

Title: Toward Sustainability: A Plan for Collaborative Research on Agriculture and Natural Resource Management
Author: National Research Council; Panel for Collaborative Research Support for AID's Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Program; Board on Agriculture; Board on Science and Technology for International Development
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1991. 145 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86T68 1991
Annotation: Proposes a comprehensive Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (SANREM) program to include related research activities funded by the Agency for International Development (AID). Stresses the importance of an integrated systems approach to research under the proposed SANREM program, involving natural, agricultural and social scientists. Research should include soil and water resources, cultivation methods, cropping patterns, animal husbandry, pest management, farm forestry, aquaculture, the socio-economic and policy factors that influence farmers' decisions. Recommends grants and funding levels for research and procedures for administering the SANREM program.

Title: Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries
Authors: Committee on International Soil and Water Research and Development; Water Science and Technology Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems; Board on Science and Technology for International Affairs; National Research Council
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1991. 65 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86T69 1991
Annotation: Emphasizes the need to focus research in three areas: (1) develop techniques for intensifying use of good quality land while minimizing environmental harm; (2) enhance production and reduce degradation on marginal land; (3) restore degraded land. Discusses institutional, social and cultural factors in resource conservation, managing soil properties, matching crops to environments, mechanisms for evaluating research, and linking users and researchers.

Title: Towards a Framework for the Microeconomic Analysis of Sustainable Agriculture
Author: D'Souza, Gerard
Publisher: Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University, College of Agriculture and Forestry, Division of Resource Management, December 1991. RM Publication no. 91-12. 41 p.
NAL Number: Not in NAL System
Annotation: A technical study of ways to integrate agricultural sustainability and microeconomic concepts. The current economic framework, including accounting procedures, distorts the value of production systems in favor of conventional systems. Modifications need to be made to the existing economic framework to make it more appropriate for analysis of sustainable agriculture issues and problems. There is a need for quantitative measures of sustainability to: monitor agricultural production; assess inter-regional differences; rank commodities based on their sustainability; improve the basis for private and public decisions in agriculture. Suggests a sustainability index, a long-term average of yield differences between current practices and sustainable practices, and analyses of sustainable factors using mathematical models.

Title: Towards Sustainable Agricultural Development
Editor: Young, M. D.
Publisher: London: Belhaven Press, 1991. 346 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.A65T69 1991
Annotation: Prepared for the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, this study is largely a European perspective on the practices and policies relevant to sustainable agriculture. Includes articles on intensive crop production and use of agricultural chemicals; intensive animal production and management of animal manure; dry-land farming, soil conservation and erosion; changing landscapes, land use patterns and the character of rural landscapes; impact on agriculture of pollution from other sources. Two articles consider the effects of U.S. agricultural policies on water quality and human health; and the integration of agricultural and environmental policies in the U.S.; soil erosion and conservation in dry-land farming.

Inquiries may be directed to Belhaven Press, PO Box 197, Irvington, NY 10533.

Title: Trade in Organic Foods: Growing as Partners into the 21st Century
Editors: Geier, Bernward; Carl Haest; Alice Pons
Publisher: Tholey-Theley, Germany: International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), 1991. 149 p.
NAL Number: HD9000.5.I58 1991
Annotation: Proceedings of an IFOAM conference held in Vienna, Austria, Nov. 11-13, 1991. Topics include enhancing quality of organic products; organic meat production; marketing and retailing; certification methods; integrated agriculture. Most of the presentations focus on European circumstances.

*Title: Transition to a More Sustainable Agriculture in Iowa: A Comparison of the Orientations and Farming Practices of Conventional, Transitional, and Sustainable Farm Operators
Authors: Bultena, Gordon, et. al.
Publisher: Ames, IA: Iowa State University, Department of Sociology, March 1993. Sociology Report 166. 88 p.
NAL Number: HT409.I55
Annotation: The Iowa part of a study evaluating the characteristics and impact of conventional, transitional, and sustainable agriculture in five Midwestern states. Provides a brief historical and contemporary profile of Iowa agriculture. Describes the methodology and criteria used in choosing farm operators for this study and the characteristics of these farmers -- age, level of education, financial resources, tenure, and cropping, livestock, tillage, nutrient, and pest management practices. Looks at the attitudes and interest of farmers in sustainable agriculture and assesses the social impact of sustainable systems on farm structure, farm families, agribusiness, rural communities, and consumers.

Title: Transition to Organic Agriculture Conference
Publisher: [Saskatoon, Sask., Canada?]: University of Saskatchewan, Extension Division, Crop Development Centre; Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food, Soils and Crops Branch; Organic Crop Improvement Association, 1990. 229 p.
NAL Number S605.5.T73 1990
Annotation: Proceedings of a conference held at Saskatoon on October 31 and November 1, 1990. Emphasis is on the effects of crop rotations on productivity, nitrogen supply, disease control and pest management. Topics include: lentil and pea, and sweetclover and alfalfa in cereal rotations; organic vs inorganic nitrogen as a nitrogen source for spring wheat; crop rotations in disease control; maintaining soil organic matter and soil fertility levels; non-chemical and biological weed control; role of government and universities in organic food production; organic certification standards; health of livestock in organic agriculture; marketing of organic products; crop resistance to insects; controlling insect pests by natural methods.

Title: Tropical Forages: Their Role in Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Humphreys, L.R.
Publisher: Essex, England: Longman Scientific & Technical, 1994. 414 p.
NAL Number: SB193.3.T6H85 1994
Annotation: Discusses the deterioration of pastures and crop land and examines the technology of forage improvement for developing sustainable cropping systems in the tropics and subtropics. Considerable attention is given to the elements of soil fertility, e.g., the mechanisms of nitrogen in crop production and the need for organic matter to ensure sufficient nitrogen; the physical properties and structure of soil and the damage caused by erosion; energy flow; nutrient cycling; and efficient use of moisture. Emphasizes the flexibility and diversity afforded farmers who incorporate livestock into a multicropping system. Examines crop-pasture programs using trees such as coconut, rubber, and oil palm, for produce, shade, and timber; alley farming, using hedgerows and shrub legumes; and general management of the elements necessary for successful sustainable tropical farming.

Title: Trying to Take Root: Sustainable Agriculture in the U.S. Heartland. A Survey of Wisconsin Farmers
Authors: Morris, Patricia McGrath; Mark Bellinger; Allen Rosenfeld
Publisher: Washington, DC: Public Voice for Food and Health Policy, March 1992. 59 p.
NAL Number: S451.W6M67 1992
Annotation: Results of a study designed to help policymakers promote and provide incentives for sustainable agriculture. Examines agricultural practices of Wisconsin farmers and the factors that encourage or deter farmers from using more sustainable practices. Surveys were mailed to a statewide sample of 2500 farmers. Responses indicate that a significant number of farmers depend heavily on chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Vegetable growers being the most dependent, livestock farmers the least. A majority of farmers who are heavy users of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers would prefer other methods, but believe the alternatives are too risky. Vegetable growers seem to be less likely than other farmers to adopt sustainable practices. About 8% of farmers were using sustainable systems, 59% were using intermediate methods, the remainder followed conventional practices. Lack of information appeared to be a significant factor in farmers' decisions not to switch from using chemical inputs. Federal farm programs often discouraged farmers from adopting sustainable methods.

Inquiries may be made to Public Voice for Food and Health Policy, 1001 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 522, Washington, DC 20036.

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Title: Urban Permaculture: A Practical Handbook for Sustainable Living
Author: Watkins, David
Publisher: Clanfield, Hampshire, United Kingdom: Permanent Publications, 1993. 152 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.P47W39 1993
Annotation: A guide to changing destructive habits and attitudes in the way we design houses, use food and water, create waste, how and what we consume. Promotes a philosophy of becoming more productive by using less. Presents an integrated, ecological approach to living that offers practical advice and proven methods. Includes information on composting, mulching, creating edible ornamental gardens and forest gardens, using wild food, and integrating animals into a successful sustainable system.

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Title: Valuing the Environment
Editors: Serageldin, Ismail and Andrew Steer
Publisher: Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1993. 192 p.
NAL Number: HD75.6.I577 1993
Annotation: Proceedings of the first annual International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development, held in Washington, DC, September 30-October 1, 1993. Much attention is given to water management, particularly to policies and experiences in France and Pakistan. Includes discussions on promoting sustainable development, evaluating events since the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, and prospects for the future.

Inquiries may be made to The World Bank, 1818 H St. NW, Washington, DC 20433.

Title: Varieties of Sustainability: Reflecting on Ethics, Environment and Economic Equity: Abstracts of Presentations
Publisher: [Santa Cruz, CA?: University of California, Santa Cruz, 1991?]. Approximately 43 unnumbered pages.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86V27 1991
Annotation: Abstracts of papers given at a conference on May 10-12, 1991, at Pacific Grove, CA. Topics include scientific and moral aspects of animal welfare; alternative animal husbandry; class, race and gender issues in sustainable agriculture; public and collective pest control; global restructuring of agricultural and food systems; farmer/citizen participation in policy making at U.S. land grant schools; ethical concerns involved in sustainable agriculture and development; social and economic aspects of agricultural policies in both developing and industrial countries.

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Title: Waste Management and Utilization in Food Production and Processing
Publisher: Ames, IA: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), Task Force Report no. 124, October 1995. 125 p.
NAL Number: TD930.W36 1995
Annotation: Discusses the collection, processing, and use of waste in poultry, swine, and dairy operations, and cattle feedlots. Includes advice on processing grain, vegetable, fruit, and seafood wastes. Describes the facilities and methods for collecting, composting, treating, and applying wastes and controlling air, water, and soil pollution. Includes illustrations, tables, graphs, and a subject index.

Inquiries may be made to CAST, 4420 West Lincoln Way, Ames, IA 50014-3447.

Title: Water for Every Farm: Yeomans Keyline Plan
Author: Yeomans, P.A.
Publisher: Southport, Queensland, Australia: Keyline Designs, 1993. 261 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.W3W374 1993
Annotation: Most of this material, by the late Mr. Yeomans, has appeared in print previously from 1954 to 1981. Although the ideas and practices Yeomans promoted are based on Australian conditions, particularly dryland, much of what he implemented can be used in a wider arena. Discusses the elements in soil fertility and how to strengthen these elements; using land to the best advantage based on climate, nature of the terrain, and water sources. The terms, "keyline" and "keypoint", refer to the contour lines and salient characteristics of various landscapes, e.g., ridges, valleys, saddles, flood plains, and tidal areas, that determine water flow. Demonstrates how to cultivate; efficiently control, store, and use water in these various landscapes; and how to design and construct farm dams, spillways, pipe and irrigation systems, channels, roads, and gates. Explains the important role of trees in modifying climate, enhancing pasture growth, supporting wildlife, and controlling soil erosion. Offers advice on planting and maintaining tree stock, building soil fertility, and evaluating cultivating equipment. Uses photographs, line drawings, and graphs to illustrate the concepts and designs discussed in the text.

Title: Weed Management in Sustainable Agriculture
Publisher: [Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Que.: Resource Efficient Agricultural Production (REAP), 1991?]. 31 p.
NAL Number: SB610.2.R42 1991
Annotation: Proceedings of the 5th annual REAP conference held at Macdonald College, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Que., Canada, March 19, 1991. Includes papers in French or English on crop rotation and cover crops in weed reduction; economics of weed control in alternative farming systems; mechanical weed control in cereals and row crops; ridge tillage.

Title: Weeds: Control Without Poisons
Author: Walters, Charles Jr.
Publisher: Kansas City, MO: Acres U.S.A., 1991. 320 p.
NAL Number: SB611.5.W35
Annotation: Emphasizes that weeds are indicators of soil characteristics, and proper weed control lies in soil fertility management. Offers non-toxic methods of controlling grasses, sedges, and exotic weeds. Contains a directory of weeds by common and scientific name.

Title: What Really Happens When You Cut Chemicals?
Editors: Shirley, Christopher et al
Publisher: Emmaus, PA: Rodale Institute, 1993. 156 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86W48 1993
Annotation: Prepared by staff of The New Farm. Examines data from research studies comparing high- and low-input cropping systems, to help farmers reduce the use of chemicals. Includes substantial on-farm experience. Offers suggestions on what chemicals to reduce and how to begin.

Title: Which Row to Hoe?: A Regional Perspective on Alternative Directions in Commercial Agriculture
Publisher: St. Paul, MN: Northwest Area Foundation, 1992. 24 p.
NAL Number: S494.5.S86W44 1992
Annotation: A report on early results of a three-year program (to continue through 1994) by universities and sustainable agriculture groups in Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana and Oregon. Objectives are to determine farmers' attitudes; environmental effects of conventional and sustainable agriculture on farms and rural communities; assist in developing farm policy in Congress; promote on-farm and academic research on agricultural systems. The report describes the contrasts between conventional, transitional and sustainable farmers in areas such as farm structure and organization, cropping practices, expenses, labor requirements, attitudes and interaction with the community.

Title: The World at the Crossroads: Towards a Sustainable, Equitable and Liveable World
Editors: Smith, Philip B., et al
Publisher: London: Earthscan Publications, 1994. 211 p.
NAL Number: HC79.E5W66 1994
Annotation: Represents work produced by a group formed at the 41st Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs held at Beijing, China in 1991. The book is divided into two parts, subtitled: Food and Energy; and Politics and Society. The first part deals with defining and creating a world-wide sustainable food system. Attention is given to the "human-carrying capacity" of the earth and the limits to which biotechnology can enhance this capacity. Focuses on the developing world, which is experiencing significant degradation of land, high crop losses to pests and spoilage, and an increasing growth of poverty. Uses a computer-simulated model to determine the constraints in using only renewable sources of energy in the next century. Looks at the relationship between dependence on firewood, charcoal, and other biofuels and economic and social stresses in developing regions. Describes the irrigation network in Sri Lanka, begun in ancient times, that has produced water and soil conservation systems. Also offers views on improving health, a key factor in sustainable development; the importance of political power in achieving sustainability; military expenditures as a major drain on financial resources; the very complicated process of changing social institutions, mores, and cultural tenets to encourage sustainability.

Title: The World's Savannas: Economic Driving Forces, Ecological Constraints and Policy Options for Sustainable Land Use
Editors: Young, M.D. and O.T. Solbrig
Publisher: New York: The Parthenon Publishing Group; Paris: UNESCO, 1993. 350 p.
NAL Number: GF75.M35 v.12
Annotation: Volume 12 in Man and the Biosphere series. Assesses ecological, social and economic constraints and recommends national and international policy changes necessary for sustainable development of tropical savannas. Focuses on Africa, India, Australia, Venezuela, and Brazil in dealing with types of land tenure, grazing systems, and other factors that influence savanna land use.

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Title: Your Organic Garden: With Jeff Cox
Editors: Editors of Rodale Garden Books
Publisher: Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1994. 344 p.
NAL Number: SB453.5.C68 1994
Annotation: The title is taken from Mr. Cox's PBS television series. Provides advice on growing a healthy, chemical-free garden. Contains information on composting and soil care; choosing the right plants; seed and plant propagation; growing guides for fruits, vegetables, and flowers; controlling pests and diseases.

Title: 1990 State Sustainable Agriculture Initiative Reports: Sustainable Agriculture National Initiative
Publisher: Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Extension Service, June 1991. Various pagings.
NAL Number: aS441.N56 1991
Annotation: Presents a brief review and outlook of sustainable agriculture research and education in 34 states, and provides a list of Extension Service sustainable agriculture contacts for each state.

Title: The 1992 National Organic Directory and Yearbook
Publisher: Davis, CA: California Action Network, 1992. 245 p.
NAL Number: HD9003.O74 1992
Annotation: A directory of organic producers, wholesalers, suppliers, resource groups and publications. Contains descriptions of state organic laws, articles on federal organic legislation, National Organic Standards Board, organic documentation and verification, produce marketing guide.

Title: 1993 National Crop Residue Management Survey
Publisher: West Lafayette, IN: Conservation Technology Information Center, 1993. 50 p.
NAL Number: S604.N38
Annotation: Results of the 20th annual survey of crop residue management practices among farmers throughout the U.S. All tillage types were represented in the responses. Use of residue cover after planting was highest with no-till, ridge-till, and mulch-till methods, generally defined as conservation tillage. There has been a steady increase for several years in the percentage of planted acres on which conservation tillage is used. Contains regional and state summaries of tillage methods and types of crops raised with these methods.

Inquiries may be made to Conservation Technology Information Center, 1220 Potter Dr., Room 170, West Lafayette, IN 47906-1383.

Title: 1993 National Organic Farmers' Survey
Publisher: Santa Cruz, CA: The Organic Farming Research Foundation, 1994. 15 p.
NAL Number: S605.5.O745 1993
Annotation: Partial results from a survey sent to certified organic growers. Concerning information sources, most respondents (85%) consulted newsletters and magazines. Over 50% used catalogs and books, attended meetings, and consulted suppliers and Extension officials. A minority of growers used TV, video or audio tapes, and computers. Also surveyed were farmers' participation in on-farm research, types of crops and livestock raised, marketing, type of proprietorship, income, age, education, and length of time in farming.

Inquiries may be made to The Organic Farming Research Foundation, P.O. Box 440, Santa Cruz, CA 95061.

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August 1997