NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY ARCHIVED FILE
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Animal Welfare Legislation, Regulations, and Guidelines

Animal Welfare Information Center
United States Department of Agriculture
National Agricultural Library

ISSN: 1052-5378

Quick Bibliography Series, QB 95-18
January 1990 - January 1995

244 citations from AGRICOLA
March 1995

Compiled By:
Tim Allen
Animal Welfare Information Center, Information Centers Branch
National Agricultural Library, Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture
10301 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2351


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National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record:

 Allen, Tim
   Animal welfare legislation, regulations, and guidelines.
   (Quick bibliography series ; 95-18)
   1. Animal welfare--Law and legislation--Bibliography.
   2. Animal welfare--Standards--Bibliography. I. Title.
 aZ5071.N3 no.95-18
 

Search Strategy

 Set    Description
 
 S1     law? or regulat? or legislat? or policy or policies or
        guide?
 S2     animal?
 S3     S1 AND S2
 S4     animal (w) welfare or lab? (w) animal? or research or
        experiment?
 S5     S3 and S4
 S6     S5 and py=1990:1995
 S7     S6 not (genetic (w) regulation)
 S8     S7 not (physiology (2n) nutrition)
 S9     S8 not (animal (w) nutrition or drosophila? or
        honeybee? or guided or temperature (2n) regulation? or
        asclepias)
 

 This publication includes citations related to Codes of Practice 
 on Animal Welfare and International Regulations
 
 1                              NAL Call. No.: SF407.P7T49 1991
 The 1985 Animal Welfare Act amendments., 1st ed.;.
 Schwindaman, D.
 Washington, DC : American Psychological Association ;; 1991.
 Through the looking glass: issues of psychological well-being
 in captive nonhuman primates / edited by Melinda A. Novak and
 Andrew J. Petto. p. 26-32; 1991.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Regulations; Usda
 
 
 2                                     NAL Call. No.: HV4701.B8
 1990--a look back. Legislators who are making a difference.
 Millsaps, R.
 Chicago, Ill. : The Society; 1990.
 Bulletin--the National Anti-Vivisection Society (4): p. 21-26.
 ill; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--politics--protection
 
 
 3                                      NAL Call. No.: QD241.T6
 Agricultural biotechnology: environmental choices and
 challenges. Cordle, M.K.; Young, A.L.
 London : Gordon and Breach Science Publishers; 1990.
 Toxicological and environmental chemistry v. 28 (1): p. 25-23;
 1990.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Biotechnology; Agricultural research; Regulation;
 Environmental protection; Plant production; Animal production;
 Food processing
 
 
 4                         NAL Call. No.: ArUKF1682.A75A37 1990
 Agricultural biotechnology from the test tube to the farm.
 Hamline University, Advanced Legal Education
 St. Paul, MN : Advanced Legal Education, [c1990]; 1990.
 106 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.  April 20, 1990.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Agricultural biotechnology--Law and legislation--
 United States; Agricultural biotechnology--Law and
 legislation--Minnesota; Plant biotechnology--Research--Law and
 legislation--United States; Plant biotechnology--Research--Law
 and legislation--Minnesota; Agricultural laws and legislation-
 -United States; Agricultural laws and legislation--Minnesota;
 Biotechnology industries--Government policy--United States;
 Biotechnology industries--Government policy--Minnesota;
 Biotechnology--United States--Patents
 
 
 5                                  NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 Agricultural Research Service, USDA publishes new animal care
 directives. Guttman, H.
 Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library, AWIC; 1990
 Oct. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 1 (4): p.
 4, 6; 1990 Oct. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Committees--usda--directives--animal welfare--
 bioethics
 
 
 6                          NAL Call. No.: RA1199.4.I5A44  1994
 Alternatives to animal testing new ways in the biomedical
 sciences, trends, and progress.
 Reinhardt, Christoph A.
 Weinheim ; New York : VCH,; 1994.
 xviii, 182 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.  On behalf of the Swiss
 Institute for Alternatives to Animal Testing, SIAT.  Contains
 the main presentations made at the symposium Alternatives to
 Animal Testing, held at the ETH Zurich, Nov. 30, 1992,
 reviewed and updated to include developments up to fall 1993.
 Cf. Preface.  Includes bibliographical references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Toxicity testing; Animal experimentation
 
 
 7                          NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.976
 American College of Toxicology composite.
 American College of Toxicology, Meeting_1990 :_Orlando,
 Fla.),Production Plus, Inc
 Symposium: Animal Welfare Compliance for Study Directors 1990
 : Orlando, Fla. Closter, N.J. : Production Plus, Inc.,
 [1990?]; 1990.
 2 videocassettes (207 min., 29 sec.) : sd., col. ; 3/4 in. 
 VHS.  Proceedings of Symposium: Animal Welfare Compliance for
 Study Directors, Orlando, Fla., 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare--Laboratory animals
 
 Abstract:  This program was specifically designed to provide
 information for study directors and also principal
 investigators to be in full compliance with USDA animal
 welfare regulations but is also of value for those involved in
 animal care. Specific areas required for training under the
 Act are included in addition to information on the necessity
 for animal research.
 
 
 8                                    NAL Call. No.: HD1751.C45
 Animal advocacy in commercial agriculture: its not new and its
 has an economic dimension.
 Zulauf, C.; Krause, M.
 Ames, Iowa? : American Agricultural Economics Association,
 c1986-; 1992. Choices : the magazine of food, farm and
 resource issues v. 7 (2): p. 20-21; 1992.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Animal welfare; Commercial farming;
 Livestock farming; Regulations
 
 
 9                               NAL Call. No.: HV4704.A46 1989
 Animal care and use policy issues in the 1990s : NIH OPRR/OACU
 conference, November 16-17, 1989, Bethesda, Maryland.
 National Institutes of Health (U.S.), Office of Protection
 from Research Risks, NIH Office of Animal Care and Use
 Bethesda, Md. : Office of Animal Care and Use, National
 Institutes of Health, [1989?]; 1990.
 iii, 79 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Laboratory animals; Bioethics
 
 
 10                                   NAL Call. No.: HV4913.A54
 Animal care and use programs regulatory compliance and
 education in an age of fiscal constraint..  Educational
 material for: Animal care and use programs Regulatory
 compliance and education in an age of fiscal restraint Public
 Responsibility in Medicine and Research (Association), Tufts
 University, School of Medicine, Tufts University, School of
 Veterinary Medicine
 Boston, Mass.: PRIM&R; 1991.
 408 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  Cover title.  March 21-22, 1991,
 Boston, Massachusetts.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare--Laboratory animals--Animal
 experimentation--Animals, laboratory
 
 
 11                                    NAL Call. No.: 1.98 AG84
 Animal care tightly regulated.
 Hays, S.M.
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1991 Dec.
 Agricultural research - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Agricultural Research Service v. 39 (12): p. 17; 1991 Dec.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal welfare; Regulations;
 Public agencies
 
 
 12                                      NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 Animal experiments the American way.
 Gavaghan, H.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1992 May16.
 New scientist v. 134 (1821): p. 32-34, 36; 1992 May16.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal experiments; Animal welfare;
 Legislation; Usda
 
 
 13                                   NAL Call. No.: Z7994.L3A5
 Animal pain scales in public policy.
 Orlans, F.B.
 Nottingham : Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical
 Experiments; 1990 Nov.
 Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA v. 18: p. 41-50;
 1990 Nov.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Pain
 
 Abstract:  Pain scales classify the severity of pain inflicted
 on laboratory animals from little or none up to severe. A pain
 scale as part of public policy serves beneficial purposes that
 promote animal welfare. It can be used to educate people about
 the two alternatives of refinement and replacement, and the
 need to reduce animal pain. Furthermore, a pain scale has
 practical applications: 1) in review procedures for animal
 welfare concerns; 2) in developing policies on the use of
 animals in education; and 3) as a basis for collecting
 national data on animal experimentation, so that meaningful
 data can be collected on trends in reduction and control in
 animal pain. So far, only a few countries (including Sweden,
 the Netherlands, Canada and New Zealand) have adopted pain
 scales as part of their public policy. Most countries,
 including the United States, have not yet done so. The history
 of the development and adoption of pain scales by various
 countries is described and the case is presented for wider
 adoption of a pain scale in countries not currently using one.
 
 
 14                               NAL Call. No.: S494.5.B563N33
 Animal pharmaceuticals.
 Terry, M.
 Ithaca, N.Y. : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council;
 1992. NABC report / (4): p. 157-163; 1992.  In the series
 analytic: Animal biotechnology: opportunities and challenges. 
 Proceedings of the fourth annual NABC meeting, May 1992,
 College Station, Texas.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Drugs; Regulations; Biotechnology; Animal
 experiments
 
 
 15                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Animal protective organizations and law enforcement agencies.,
 4th ed. Leavitt, E.S.; Halverson, D.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 254-260; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Law enforcement; Law
 
 
 16                             NAL Call. No.: HV4708.R68  1994
 The animal research controversy protest, process & public
 policy : an analysis of strategic issues.
 Rowan, Andrew N.; Loew, Franklin M.,_1939-; Weer, Joan C. Pew
 Charitable Trusts
 North Grafton, MA : Center for Animals & Public Policy, Tufts
 University School of Veterinary Medicine,; 1994.
 xv, 186 p. ; 29 cm.  Sponsorship: the Pew Charitable Trusts. 
 Spring, 1994. Includes bibliographical references (p.
 147-160).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experimentation; Animal welfare
 
 
 17                            NAL Call. No.: KF27.A33277 1990f
 Animal research facilities protection joint hearing before the
 Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign
 Agriculture and the Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, and
 Poultry of the Committee on Agriculture, House of
 Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, second session,
 February 28, 1990.
 United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture.
 Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign
 Agriculture; United States, Congress, House, Committee on
 Agriculture, Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry
 Washington [D.C.] : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of
 Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O.; 1991; Y 4.Ag
 8/1:101-52. iv, 176 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.  Distributed to some
 depository libraries in microfiche.  Serial no. 101-52.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Criminal procedure--Laboratories--Animal welfare-
 -Laboratory animals
 
 
 18                                     NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 Animal rights and the veterinarian.
 Hannah, H.W.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1990 Mar01.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 196
 (5): p. 718-719; 1990 Mar01.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Veterinarians; Law; Legal rights
 
 
 19                         NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.972
 The Animal Welfare Act philosophy and intent.
 Ewald, Bruce H.
 American College of Toxicology, Meeting_1990 :_Orlando,
 Fla.),Production Plus, Inc
 Symposium: Animal Welfare Compliance for Study Directors 1990
 : Orlando, Fla. Closter, N.J. : Production Plus, Inc.,
 [1990?]; 1990.
 1 videocassette (14 min., 40 sec.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in.  VHS. 
 Videotape of a presentation at Symposium: Animal Welfare
 Compliance for Study Directors; presented at the Eleventh
 Annual Meeting of the American College of Toxicology, Orlando,
 Fla., Oct. 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  The history and intent of the Animal Welfare Act
 and the participatory development of regulations is presented.
 The specific responsibilities of the IACUC and the study
 director and principal investigator are outlined. The
 physiology of the USDA to refine skills and develop
 appropriate attitudes through education is described.
 
 
 20                             NAL Call. No.: SF604.P82 no.144
 Animal welfare in New Zealand proceedings from a seminar
 organised for the State Veterinarians Branch, New Zealand
 Veterinary Association, Rotorua, June 1992.
 Petersen, Gunner V.
 Massey University, New Zealand Veterinary Association, State
 Veterinarians Branch, New Zealand Veterinary Association,
 Foundation for Continuing Education
 Palmerston North, N.Z. : Veterinary Continuing Education,
 Massey University,; 1992.
 110 p. : ill. ; 29 cm. (Publication (Massey University.
 Veterinary Continuing Education) ; no. 144.).  Includes
 bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Animal Welfare
 
 
 21                                    NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3
 Animal welfare legislation and regulation, January 1979-August
 1989. Engler, K.; Swanson, J.
 Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1990 Jan.
 Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculure,
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (90-20): 26 p.; 1990
 Jan.  Updates QB 89-23. Bibliography.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Legislation; Regulations;
 Bibliographies
 
 
 22                                    NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3
 Animal welfare legislation and regulations: January 1979-
 February 1991. Swanson, J.C.
 Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1991 Mar.
 Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (91-63): 26 p.; 1991
 Mar.  Updates QB 90-20. Bibliography.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--legislation--regulations-
 -law--animal experiments--bibliographies
 
 
 23                                    NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3
 Animal welfare legislation and regulations: January 1989 -
 January 1994. Smith, C.P.
 Beltsville, Md., National Agricultural Library; 1994 Apr.
 Quick bibliography series - National Agricultural Library
 (94-23): 56 p.; 1994 Apr.  Updates QB 92-35.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Animal welfare; Legislation;
 Regulations; Law; Animal experiments; Bibliographies
 
 
 24                                    NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3
 Animal welfare legislation and regulations--January 1987 -
 February 1992. Smith, C.P.
 Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1992 Mar.
 Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (92-35): 57 p.; 1992
 Mar.  Updates QB 91-63. Bibliography.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Legislation; Regulations;
 Law; Animal experiments; Bibliographies
 
 
 25                        NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A95 no.8 1991
 Animal welfare legislation bills and public laws, 1980 - 1988
 (includes the Animal Welfare Act and its amendments)., October
 1988 (Rev. May 1991).. Clingerman, Karen J.; Gleason, Sean J.;
 Swanson, Janice C. National Agricultural Library (U.S.)
 Beltsville, Md. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National
 Agricultural Library; 1991; A 17.27:8.
 21 p. ; 28 cm. (AWIC series,).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 26                             NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A95 no.2
 Animal welfare legislation bills and public laws 1989.
 Clingerman, Karen J.; Swanson, Janice C.; Gleason, Sean J.
 Animal Welfare Information Center (U.S),National Agricultural
 Library (U.S.) Beltsville, Md. : Animal Welfare Information
 Center, National Agricultural Library; 1990; A 17.26:990/1.
 15 p. ; 28 cm. (AWIC series ; 2).  Updates: Animal Welfare
 Legislation: Bills and Public Laws 1980-October 1988.  January
 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 27                          NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A95  no.11a
 Animal welfare legislation bills and public laws, 1992.
 Smith, Cynthia Petrie
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.)
 Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library,; 1993.
 13 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (AWIC series, #11).  May 1993.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 28                             NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A95 no.4
 Animal welfare legislation bills and public laws, January 1990
 - June 1990. Clingerman, Karen J.
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.),Animal Welfare
 Information Center (U.S.) Beltsville, Md. : U.S. Dept. of
 Agriculture, National Agricultural Library; 1990.
 7 p. ; 28 cm. (AWIC series ; no. 4).  July 1990.  "Preliminary
 report.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 29                             NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A95 no.9
 Animal welfare legislation bills submitted to the 102nd
 Congress, January 1991 - March 1991.
 Clingerman, Karen J.
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.)
 Beltsville, Md. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National
 Agricultural Library; 1991.
 6 p. ; 28 cm. (AWIC series,).  May 1991.  "Preliminary report.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 30                            NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A95 no.11
 Animal welfare legislation bills submitted to the 102nd
 congress, January 1992 - June 1992.
 Smith, Cynthia P.
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.)
 Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library,; 1992.
 7 p. ; 28 cm. (AWIC series. 1, Preliminary report, no. 11). 
 July 1992.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 31                             NAL Call. No.: HV4704.A52  1991
 Animal welfare proceedings of the Animal Welfare Sessions,
 XXIV World Veterinary Congress, Rio de Janeiro, 1991.
 Seamer, John; Quimby, Fred W.
 World Veterinary Congress 24th : 1991 : Rio de Janeiro,
 Brazil. London : World Veterinary Association, Animal Welfare
 Committee,; 1992. xiii, 237 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.  Includes
 bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 32                               NAL Call. No.: S494.5.B563N33
 Animal well-being and biotechnology.
 Meeker, D.
 Ithaca, N.Y. : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council;
 1992. NABC report / (4): p. 77-83; 1992.  In the series
 analytic: Animal biotechnology: opportunities and challenges. 
 Proceedings of the fourth annual NABC meeting, May 1992,
 College Station, Texas.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Europe; Cabt; Animal welfare;
 Biotechnology; Regulations; Politics
 
 
 33                                    NAL Call. No.: KD3424.S9
 Animals and cruelty and law.
 Sweeney, Noel
 Bristol : Alibi; 1990.
 xiii, 119 p. ; 20 cm.  Includes bibliographical references (p.
 113-115) and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 34                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Animals and their legal rights a survey of American laws from
 1641 to 1990., 4th ed..
 Leavitt, Emily Stewart
 United States, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service,
 Animal Welfare Institute
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 xiv, 441 p. ; 22 cm.  Rev. ed. of: Animals and their legal
 rights / Emily Stewart Leavitt. 3rd ed. 1978.  Includes
 bibliographical references (p. 440-441).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 35                             NAL Call. No.: SF407.P7T49 1991
 Animals in research: public policy determinants., 1st ed.;.
 Loew, F.M.
 Washington, DC : American Psychological Association ;; 1991.
 Through the looking glass: issues of psychological well-being
 in captive nonhuman primates / edited by Melinda A. Novak and
 Andrew J. Petto. p. 11-19; 1991.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Laboratory animals; Animal experiments;
 Regulations; Animal welfare; Perception
 
 
 36                            NAL Call. No.: HV4890.A5N49 1991
 Animals in schools animal welfare guidelines for teachers.. 
 Animals in schools, guidelines for teachers 1991
 New South Wales, Dept. of School Education
 Emerton, NSW? : NSW Dept. of School Education?, 1991?; 1991.
 xvii, 139 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.  Cover title.  Running title:
 Animals in schools, guidelines for teachers 1991.  Produced on
 behalf of the Schools Animal Care and Ethics Committee.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 37                              NAL Call. No.: HV4708.G37 1993
 Animals, politics, and morality.
 Garner, Robert,
 Manchester, UK ; New York : Manchester University Press :
 Distributed exclusively in the USA and Canada by St. Martin's
 Press,; 1993. ix, 258 p. ; 22 cm. (Issues in environmental
 politics).  Includes bibliographical references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Animal welfare
 
 
 38                                 NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 APHIS policy and marine mammals: an interview with Jody Garbe,
 D.V.M. Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library, AWIC;
 1992 Apr. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 3
 (2): p. 1, 4-5; 1992 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Marine mammals; Agricultural policy; Usda; Animal
 welfare; Regulations; Inspection
 
 
 39                                      NAL Call. No.: 410 B77
 Assessment of pain in animals.
 Bateson, P.
 London : Academic Press; 1991 Nov.
 Animal behaviour v. 42 (pt.5): p. 827-839; 1991 Nov.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Pain; Assessment
 
 Abstract:  Judgements about pain and suffering in animals are
 required by the law of many countries and by many professional
 guidelines. Nevertheless, such assessments raise many
 problems, even in humans. Furthermore, an appeal to
 continuities between humans and other animals is clouded when,
 as is still the case, both the evolution and the function of a
 subjective sense of pain are obscure. Despite these
 difficulties, the criteria that lead to the judgement that a
 human is in pain can be generalized with substantial measure
 of agreement to other animals. This generalization is done on
 the basis of uncovering comparable mechanisms and comparable
 behaviour; then the whole cluster of features found in the
 animal is used to make the judgement. The less similar the
 animal to a human and the less complex it is, the more
 difficult is the assessment. The fuzziness of the boundary,
 between those animals that are judged to feel pain and those
 that are not does not invalidate the process of assessment.
 However, the extent to which an animal is given the benefit of
 the doubt clearly depends on the empathy a person feels for it
 as well as the type of ethical concerns that motivate the
 person.
 
 
 40                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Birds., 4th ed.
 Nilsson, G.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 203-230; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Wild birds; Animal welfare; Law
 
 
 41                                     NAL Call. No.: QR360.J6
 The bovine papillomavirus constitutive enhancer is essential
 for viral transformation, DNA replication, and the maintenance
 of latency. Vande Pol, S.B.; Howley, P.M.
 Washington, D.C. : American Society for Microbiology; 1992
 Apr. Journal of virology v. 66 (4): p. 2346-2358; 1992 Apr. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Bovine papillomavirus; Genetic transformation;
 Dna replication; Transcription
 
 Abstract:  Bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) has served as
 the prototype papillomavirus for the study of viral
 transcription, DNA replication, and latency. However, no cis
 essential transcription control regions which are necessary
 for both transformation and replication of BPV-1 or any other
 papillomavirus have yet been defined. We have found that BPV-1
 mutants with deletions in the long control region were
 defective for transformation and replication, with the
 essential region in the 5' long control region corresponding
 to the previously defined BPV-1 constitutive enhancer (S.B.
 Vande Pol and P.M. Howley, J. Virol. 64:5420-5429, 1990).
 BPV-1 mutants deleted of the constitutive enhancer could be
 complemented in trans by the full-length virally encoded E2
 transactivator and replication factor (E2TA) and in cis by the
 simian virus 40 enhancer. The constitutive enhancer induced
 the production of E2TA by activating all the major viral early
 promoters upstream of the E2 open reading frame.
 Complementation experiments using a temperature-sensitive E2TA
 mutant indicated that the constitutive enhancer was necessary
 for the maintenance of viral DNA replication within latently
 infected cells and implied that viral transcription under the
 regulation of the constitutive enhancer may be controlled
 during the cell cycle. The constitutive enhancer is a master
 regulatory control region for establishing and maintaining
 BPV-1 latency, and its characteristics reveal some analogies
 with cell type-specific enhancer elements recognized in the
 human papillomaviruses.
 
 
 42                                      NAL Call. No.: QR1.I57
 BvgAS-mediated signal transduction: analysis of phase-locked
 regulatory mutants of Bordetella bronchiseptica in a rabbit
 model.
 Cotter, P.A.; Miller, J.F.
 Washington, D.C., American Society for Microbiology; 1994 Aug.
 Infection and immunity v. 62 (8): p. 3381-3390; 1994 Aug. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Bordetella bronchiseptica; Mutants; Phenotypes;
 Animal models; Bacterial proteins; Transduction; Strain
 differences; Virulence; Colonizing ability
 
 Abstract:  Members of the Bordetella genus alternate between
 two distinct phenotypic phases in response to changes in their
 environment. This switch, termed phenotypic modulation, is
 mediated by the BvgAS sensory transduction system. We
 developed an animal model based on the interaction of
 Bordetella bronchiseptica with one of its natural hosts, the
 rabbit. To investigate the importance of BvgAS signal
 transduction, we constructed constitutive (RB53) and Bvg-
 (RB54) phase-locked derivatives of a wild-type strain, RB50.
 RB50 and RB53, but not RB54, established respiratory
 infections in B. bronchiseptica-free rabbits with an
 intranasal 50% infective dose of less than 200 organisms, and
 the course of the infection closely resembled that observed
 with naturally infected rabbits. Bacteria were recovered from
 the nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, and lungs in similar
 numbers from RB50- and RB53-infected rabbits, yet no pathology
 was detected by histological examination of lung and tracheal
 sections. The antibody responses in rabbits inoculated with 50
 or RB53 were quantitatively and qualitatively
 indistinguishable, high titers of antibodies were generated
 primarily against Bvg+ -phase-specific antigens. No response
 against flagella, a Bvg- phase factor, was detected.
 Assessment of bacteria associated with alveolar macrophages
 indicated that only a small percentage of bacteria, if any,
 appear to be residing within lung macrophages. We also tested
 the ability of these strains to survive in a nutrient poor
 environment, conditions which may be encountered within
 certain niches in the host or in an environmental reservoir.
 The Bvg- phase was advantageous for growth under these
 conditions. Our results indicate the Bvg+ phase is sufficient
 for establishment of respiratory tract infection in the rabbit
 and the normal BvgAS-mediated response to environmental
 signals is not required during initial colonization. The Bvg-
 phase may play a role at later stages of infection, including
 persistence, transmission, or survival in the environment.
 
 
 43                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.C22C36
 Caging systems for dogs under the new standards of the animal
 welfare act. Britz, W.E. Jr
 Bethesda, MD : Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Canine research environment / edited by Joy A. Mench and Lee
 Krulisch. p. 48-52; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented at a conference
 held by the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, June 22,
 1989, Bethesda, Md. Question and answer session p. 51-52.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Dogs--cages--animal welfare--legislation
 
 
 44                                   NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1I43
 Canadian Council on Animal Care: its role.
 Rowsell, H.C.
 Washington, D.C. : Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources,
 National Research Council; 1990.
 I.L.A.R. news v. 32 (3): p. 39-40; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Canada; Laboratory animals; Animal welfare;
 Animal husbandry; Organizations; Committees; Legislation;
 Publications
 
 
 45                                    NAL Call. No.: SF601.C24
 The Canadian Council on Animal Care--its guidelines and policy
 directives: the veterinarian's responsibility.
 Rowsell, H.C.
 Ottawa : Canadian Veterinary Medical Association; 1991 Jul.
 Canadian journal of veterinary research; Revue canadienne de
 recherche veterinaire v. 55 (3): p. 205; 1991 Jul.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals--animal experiments--animal
 welfare--veterinary profession--animal models--pain
 
 
 46                            NAL Call. No.: SF407.I58F79 1991
 Captive invertebrates a guide to their biology and husbandry.,
 Original ed.. Frye, Fredric L.
 Malabar, Fla. : Krieger Pub. Co.,; 1992.
 xx, 135 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm.  Includes
 bibliographical references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Invertebrates as laboratory animals;
 Invertebrates as pets; Captive wild animals
 
 
 47                              NAL Call. No.: SF406.C35  1992
 The Care and use of amphibians, reptiles, and fish in
 research. Schaeffer, Dorcas O.; Kleinow, Kevin M.; Krulisch,
 Lee
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Louisiana State
 University (Baton Rouge, La.), School of Veterinary Medicine
 Bethesda, Md. (4805 St. Elmo Ave., Bethesda 20814) :
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare,; 1992.
 vii, 196 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  Proceedings from a SCAW/LSUSVM-
 sponsored conference ... held April 8-9, 1991 in New Orleans,
 Louisiana ...  November 1992.  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Amphibians as laboratory animals; Reptiles as
 laboratory animals; Fish as laboratory animals
 
 
 48                         NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.971
 Carnivores basic needs, handling and care.
 Morgan, Ronald L.
 American College of Toxicology, Meeting_1990 :_Orlando,
 Fla.),Production Plus, Inc
 Symposium: Animal Welfare Compliance for Study Directors 1990
 : Orlando, Fla. Closter, N.J. : Production Plus, Inc.,
 [1990?]; 1990.
 1 videocassette (31 min., 37 sec.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in.  VHS. 
 Videotape of a presentation at Symposium: Animal Welfare
 Compliance for Study Directors ; presented at the Eleventh
 Annual Meeting of the American College of Toxicology, Orlando,
 Fla., Oct. 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals--Animal welfare--Dogs as
 laboratory animals--Cats as laboratory animals--Ferrets as
 laboratory animals--Minks as laboratory animals
 
 Abstract:  The basic needs of dogs and cats including air,
 food, water, environmental controls and social interaction are
 presented. Available guidelines, regulations, resource
 information and training manuals are presented. Methods of
 disease prevention, identification, housing and exercise are
 discussed. The basic care and handling of farrets and mink is
 also covered.
 
 
 49                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Cats., 4th ed.
 Leavitt, E.S.; Stevens, C.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 121-125; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cats; Animal welfare; Law
 
 
 50                                   NAL Call. No.: Z7994.L3A5
 Comments on labelling related to the animal testing of
 cosmetic ingredients and products manufactured and/or marketed
 within the European Economic Community.
 Balls, M.
 Nottingham : Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical
 Experiments; 1991 Jul.
 Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA v. 19 (3): p.
 302-307; 1991 Jul. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal testing alternatives; Cosmetics; Labeling;
 European communities
 
 Abstract:  The use of terms such as 'cruelty-free' and 'not
 tested on animals' in relation to cosmetic ingredients and
 products is reviewed. It is concluded that, such is the
 confusion that has been engendered by their misuse, legitimate
 concerns for both human and animal welfare are compromised,
 and unfair trading practices are in operation. It is proposed
 that such misleading terminology should be prohibited within
 the EEC, and that more effort should be put into the
 development, validation and regulatory acceptance of non-
 animal toxicity tests and testing strategies.
 
 
 51                            NAL Call. No.: SF996.5.I54 1991a
 Companion guide to Infectious diseases of mice and rats.
 Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (U.S.), Committee on
 Infectious Diseases of Mice and Rats
 Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press; 1991.
 x, 95 p. ; 23 cm.  Includes bibliographical references and
 index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Mice--Rats--Laboratory animals--Mice as
 laboratory animals--Rats as laboratory animals
 
 
 52                                   NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L33
 Compliance at the Institutional and programmatic level.
 Wolff, A. \u National Institutes of Health Animal Center,
 Poolesville, MD; Smith, P.D.
 New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Company; 1994 Sep.
 Lab animal v. 23 (8): p. 28-29; 1994 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal welfare; Policy;
 Committees; Animal husbandry; Animal experiments; Control;
 Project control; Monitoring
 
 
 53                                    NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L3
 Computerized ordering of experimental animals and test
 authorization. Maerki, U.; Walther, A.; Rossbach, W.
 London : Royal Society of Medicine Services; 1990 Jan.
 Laboratory animals v. 24 (1): p. 25-31; 1990 Jan.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Switzerland; Laboratory animals--authority--
 acquisition--computer techniques--computer software--animal
 experiments
 
 Abstract:  The authorization procedure required by law in
 Switzerland and the internal set-up at Roche for acquiring
 experimental animals has made a computerized system for
 monitoring authorizations and animal deliveries essential. The
 INQUIRE software program, which can be run on the central
 computer, was used to set-up databases with information on all
 personnel who place orders and perform experiments (PERI),
 authorization matters (BEWI), orders (ORDR), deliveries
 (SPED), animal species (SPEC), animal strains (STRE),
 populations (POPU) and the management of various data (BARA).
 The authorizations database (BEWI) permits sequential searches
 on specific questions. The animals ordered in the ORDR
 database are constantly updated in BEWI, thus ensuring that
 the authorized animal quotas are not exceeded. Expiry of an
 authorization or an unregistered experimenter will come to
 light in the course of the plausibility study. Through ORDR
 the experimenter has a good overview of the animals that he
 has ordered or have been ordered for him, and he can select
 the most appropriate strain or population for his studies in
 STRE or POPU, which contain data on the genetic and
 physiological characteristics as well as the breeding and
 keeping of all sublines and stocks. Realization of the IFIS
 project has made it a simple matter to keep a check on the
 legal requirements pertaining to animal experimentation and to
 update the information and evaluate the entire stock of data
 at any time.
 
 
 54                                 NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 Congress considers break-in bills.
 Melcher, J.
 Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library, AWIC; 1992
 Jul. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 3 (3): p.
 2, 8; 1992 Jul.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal experiments; Legislation
 
 
 55                              NAL Call. No.: KF26.C693 1989d
 Consumer Products Safe Testing Act hearing before the
 Subcommittee on the Consumer of the Committee on Commerce,
 Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, One Hundred
 First Congress, first session on S. 891 ... November 8, 1989.
 United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce,
 Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on the Consumer
 Washington [D.C.] : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of
 Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O.; 1990; Y 4.C
 73/7:S.hrg.101-460. iii, 137 p. ; 24 cm. (S. hrg. ; 101-460). 
 Distributed to some depository libraries in microfiche. 
 Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals--Law and legislation--United
 States; Product safety--Law and legislation--United States;
 Consumer protection--Law and legislation--United States
 
 
 56                                     NAL Call. No.: TX341.C6
 Consumers union raises concerns over hormone; NIH calls it
 safe for humans. Washington, D.C. : Community Nutrition
 Institute; 1990 Dec07. Nutrition week v. 20 (48): p. 1-2; 1990
 Dec07.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Cows--milk--meat--somatotropin--residues--food
 safety--animal health--research--food and nutrition
 controversies--industry--environmental impact--law
 
 Abstract:  NIH concluded that meat and milk from cows treated
 with synthetic growth hormones are safe. Concern over the risk
 is still present. Topics discussed in this article are human
 and animal health concerns, economic and social impact, and
 legal problems.
 
 
 57                                   NAL Call. No.: SB950.A1V4
 Control methods research priorities for animal damage control.
 Packham, C.J.; Connolly, G.
 Davis, Calif. : University of California; 1992 Aug.
 Proceedings ... Vertebrate Pest Conference (15): p. 12-16;
 1992 Aug.  Meeting held March 3-5, 1992, Newport Beach, CA. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Vertebrate pests; Pest control; Crop
 damage; Control methods; Research policy
 
 
 58                                      NAL Call. No.: QL55.I5
 Controlling hazardous substances in animal rooms and
 laboratories. Waterman, L.
 Sussex : The Institute; 1991 Apr.
 Animal technology : journal of the Institute of Animal
 Technology v. 42 (1): p. 19-22; 1991 Apr.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Health hazards; Laboratories; Hygiene;
 Sanitation; Safety at work; Risk; Disinfectants; Drugs;
 Allergens; Legislation
 
 Abstract:  An overall approach to implementing the new Control
 of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 1988 is
 discussed. Examples discussed to illustrate the issues raised
 are the use of disinfectants, animal dosing and laboratory
 animal allergy. The strategy of assessment, control and
 monitoring is elucidated in the context of these examples.
 
 
 59                               NAL Call. No.: 275.29 ID13IDC
 Dairy producers' and processors' attitudes toward dairy policy
 and bovine somatotropin.
 Withers, R.V.; Lyle, C.M.
 Moscow, Idaho : The Service; 1990 Apr.
 Current information series - Cooperative Extension Service,
 University of Idaho (862): 6 p.; 1990 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural policy; Milk production;
 Bovidae; Somatotropin
 
 
 60                                   NAL Call. No.: Z7994.L3A5
 A decade of European legislation--can we legislate for
 humanity?. Hampson, J.E.
 Nottingham : Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical
 Experiments; 1990 Nov.
 Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA v. 18: p. 75-81;
 1990 Nov.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Europe; Cabt; Animal experiments; Legislation
 
 Abstract:  The establishment throughout Europe, during the
 last decade, of legislation to control animal experiments, is
 described. The effectiveness of such laws to achieve their
 objectives is discussed. In particular, the effectiveness of
 costs against benefit as a part of project authorisation, is
 considered.
 
 
 61                                   NAL Call. No.: 47.8 AM33P
 Developing future-minded strategies for sustainable poultry
 production. Stenholm, C.W.; Waggoner, D.B.
 Champaign, Ill. : Poultry Science Association; 1991 Feb.
 Poultry science v. 70 (2): p. 203-210; 1991 Feb.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Poultry industry--sustainability--
 international trade--consumer preferences--environmental
 impact--research support
 
 Abstract:  Poultry is one of the world's major and fastest
 growing sources of meat, representing over 22% of all meat
 production in 1989. Because of their high nutrient content and
 relatively low caloric value, egg and poultry products are
 natural candidates to meet emerging consumer demands. The
 United States poultry industry must continue to meet the
 challenge of designing foods that meet consumers' definition
 of what is safe and what is healthy. Any agricultural
 production system should stand the test of scientific
 scrutiny, economic analysis, and social acceptance and impact.
 The agricultural science sector should develop best management
 practices that continue to provide profitability and
 sustainability for producers. The poultry industry in the
 United States and many other countries has progressed probably
 more than any other branch of livestock production in the
 trend toward intensive production systems. Voluntary codes of
 practice adhered to by producers of farm animals is an
 effective option that can be employed to help solve concerns
 about animal welfare. The poultry industry of the future will
 need to meet steadily consumer demand for wholesome meat,
 while addressing issues of health and safety waste management,
 and water and air pollution.
 
 
 62                                     NAL Call. No.: QL876.B5
 Differential steroidogenic response of subpopulations of
 porcine granulosa cells to insulin-like growth factor-1
 (IGF-1) or IGF-1 analogs. Howard, H.J.; Ford, J.J.
 Madison : Society for the Study of Reproduction; 1994 Jul.
 Biology of reproduction v. 51 (1): p. 108-115; 1994 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pigs; Ovaries; Granulosa cells; Insulin-like
 growth factor; Estradiol; Follicular fluid; Hormone secretion
 
 Abstract:  Two experiments were conducted to examine responses
 of porcine granulosa cells to insulin-like growth factor-1
 (IGF-1) or IGF-1 analogs (des [1-3] and Long R3) that have
 reduced affinity for IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP). Both
 experiments evaluated estradiol and IGFBP production by
 granulosa cells after separation of cells into subpopulations
 that maintain long-term estradiol production in vitro (tightly
 bound) and those that do not (weakly associated). Granulosa
 cells were obtained from medium-sized follicles (4-6 mm) at
 random stages of the estrous cycle in experiment 1 and from
 the 10 largest follicles per ovary at 0 or 48 h after weaning
 in experiment 2. Follicle diameter and follicular fluid
 estradiol concentrations increased with time after weaning (p
 < 0.05). Tightly bound cells produced more estradiol than
 weakly associated cells at 24-120 h of culture in experiment 1
 and from 0 to 48 h in experiment 2 (p < 0.05). in tightly
 bound but not weakly associated cells, IGF-1 stimulated
 estradiol production. The IGF analogs were more potent
 stimulators than IGF-1 in experiment 1 (p < 0.05); and in
 experiment 2, this response was restricted to cells collected
 at 48 h after weaning. Conversely, tightly bound cells
 obtained at 0 h after weaning responded similarly to IGF-1 and
 des (1-3). During the final 48 h of culture, weakly associated
 cells produced greater quantities of 28-30-kDa IGFBP than did
 tightly bound cells in response to IGF-1 or analogs (both
 experiments; p < .05). Concentration of 40-44-kDa IGFBP was
 influenced minimally by IGF-1 or its analogs. We conclude that
 1) tightly bound granulosa cells produce greater amounts of
 estradiol in vitro than weakly associated cells when sampled
 from medium-sized follicles; 2) tightly bound cells from
 follicles of sows at random stages of the cycle or at 48 h
 after weaning produce more estradiol in response to IGF
 analogs than to IGF-1; and 3) tightly bound cells secrete less
 20-30-kDa IGFBP in long-term culture than weakly associated
 cells. These results indicate that IGFBP modulate secretion of
 estradiol in porcine granulosa cells in vitro and implicate
 their potential for in vivo regulation.
 
 
 63                                     NAL Call. No.: QL751.P4
 Differing visions of the human-animal relationship: ambiguity
 in legal doctrine.
 Lessley, B.E.
 New York, N.Y. : Plenum Press; 1991.
 Perspectives in ethology v. 9: p. 87-118; 1991.  In the series
 analytic: Human understanding and animal awareness / edited by
 P.P.G. Bateson and P.H. Klopfer.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Moral values; Law
 
 Abstract:  There is no coherent vision of the human-animal
 relationship that appears in the law. Rather, different laws
 reflect different priorities and different ideas about the
 importance of protection of animals when compared with the
 interests of humans. The different visions about the moral
 place of animals reflected in the laws correspond with
 different visions that members of human society have about the
 place of animals in the world. While there may be no coherent
 vision of the human/animal relationship that exists in the
 law, any single law can be seen as a compromise between the
 different visions that society has about animals.
 Historically, the law has treated animals as being
 fundamentally distinct from humans in a moral sense, and has
 placed relatively few controls on what humans can do to
 animals. Recent years have seen this situation change as more
 and more laws have been enacted to accord greater protection
 to animals. This change is essentially an adjustment by the
 law in the vision of the human-animal relationship that it
 adopts, moving from an extreme view that animals and humans
 are different to greater recognition of views that accord
 animals greater moral status. Yet the adjustment by the law
 has not been complete by any means, and the law has not gone
 nearly so far as to accord actual "rights" to animals.
 Instead, the law has increased its regulation of things that
 humans can do to animals and has created mechanisms by which
 humans can intervene in the legal system to protect animals.
 Whether the law will go the next step and allow animals to
 enter the legal system to protect their own interests appears
 doubtful, but remains to be seen.
 
 
 64                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Dogs., 4th ed.
 Stevens, C.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 112-120; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Dogs; Animal welfare; Law
 
 
 65                                   NAL Call. No.: HV4701.A35
 Downers.
 Bauston, G.
 Englewood, Colo. : American Humane Association, Animal
 Protection Division; 1992.
 Advocate v. 10 (2): p. 4-7; 1992.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Livestock; Animal welfare; Yards;
 Legislation
 
 
 66                                     NAL Call. No.: 41.8 Am3
 An eagle's eye view of wildlife legislation.
 Dierauf, L.A. \u US House of Representatives on Merchant
 Marine and Fisheries, Washington, DC
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1992 Mar01.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 200
 (5): p. 623-628; 1992 Mar01.  Corrects AGRICOLA accession
 number IND92017391 in which the publication year was
 incorrectly entered as 1991.  Paper presented at the "AVMA
 animal welfare forum: the veterinarian's role in the welfare
 of wildlife," November 7, 1991, Chicago, Illinois.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Wildlife; Legislation; Wildlife
 conservation
 
 
 67                                     NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 An eagle's eye view of wildlife legislation.
 Dierauf, L.A.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1992 Mar01.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 200
 (5): p. 623-628; 1992 Mar01.  Paper presented at the "AVMA
 animal welfare forum: the veterinarian's role in the welfare
 of wildlife," November 7, 1991, Chicago, Illinois.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Wildlife; Legislation; Wildlife
 conservation
 
 
 68                                    NAL Call. No.: 44.8 J822
 Economic, political, and global demands on the United States
 dairy industry. Olson, K.E.
 Champaign, Ill. : American Dairy Science Association; 1993
 Oct. Journal of dairy science v. 76 (10): p. 3133-3142; 1993
 Oct.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Dairy cows; Milk production; International trade;
 Animal welfare; Food safety; Consumer attitudes; Dairy
 technology; Technology transfer; Dairy industry; Trends
 
 Abstract:  Since 1970, average milk production per cow in the
 US has increased by 2321 kg. During this time, the number of
 cows has decreased by 2,010,000, and the number of farms with
 milk cows is less than one-third the previous level. These
 trends are likely to continue. Although increased productivity
 has made US producers among the most efficient in the world,
 many challenges will emerge in the near future. Reduced
 government involvement that is partially due to budget
 constraints will contribute to greater price variations than
 in the past; international trade may offer new opportunities
 for increased sales if current trade negotiations are
 successful; and environmental concerns, animal welfare issues,
 and consumer preferences will continue to challenge the
 industry. Basic and applied research, technology transfer, and
 responsible legislation will be needed to assist the industry
 in meeting these challenges. Most of all, active producer
 participation in setting research priorities and the
 legislative agenda is necessary for the industry to progress.
 
 
 69                                     NAL Call. No.: SF604.E3
 Education and training in the care and use of laboratory
 animals a guide for developing institutional programs.
 Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (U.S.), Committee on
 Educational Programs in Laboratory Animal Science
 Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press; 1991.
 xi, 139 p. ; 28 cm.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals--Animal welfare
 
 
 70                                    NAL Call. No.: S596.7.D4
 EEC regulatory requirements for the use and release of
 genetically modified organisms.
 Bino, G. del
 Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1991.
 Developments in plant and soil sciences v. 48: p. 653-658;
 1991.  In the series analytic: Nitrogen fixation / edited by
 M. Polsinelli, R. Materassi and M. Vincenzini. Proceedings of
 the Fifth International Symposium on "Nitrogen Fixation with
 Non-Legumes" held September 10-14, 1990, Florence, Italy.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nitrogen fixing bacteria; Genetic engineering;
 Transgenic plants; Environmental impact; Risk; Regulations;
 European communities
 
 Abstract:  The European Community, in its delicate role to
 promote research and industrial activities in the promising
 sector of biotechnology while ensuring the protection of
 public health and the environment, has recently adopted two
 Directives concerning the Regulation of Genetically Modified
 Organisms. Directive 90/219/EEC on the Contained Use of
 Genetically Modified Micro-organisms addresses all activities,
 from research and development to production, where genetically
 modified micro-organisms are used. The purpose of this
 Directive is: - to establish a case-by-case risk assessment
 for all operations; - to identify the cases where the
 contained use could entail a risk; to establish working
 practices and containment measures corresponding to the hazard
 the micro-organism presents; - to prevent, in case of
 hazardous micro-organisms, their accidental release and limit
 the consequences of such accidents where they occur. A
 flexible notification procedure is proposed, based both on the
 kind of micro-organism used and on the scale of the operation
 envisaged. Directive 90/220/EEC on the Deliberate Release to
 the Environment of Genetically Modified organisms covers all
 genetically modified organisms (micro-organisms, plants and
 animals) through all the stages of release to the environment
 from small scale to large scale experimental introductions, as
 well as release through product marketing - although some
 products may be exempted from the provisions of this Directive
 if they are covered by other Community legislation which
 includes a similar environmental risk assessment. The main
 elements of this Directive are: -An environmental risk
 assessment must always be carried out before any release to
 the environment whether in an experiment or product. -No
 releases may be carried out without the consent of the
 competent authorities. -A national approval procedure is
 foreseen for experimental relases. -A Community approval
 procedure is foreseen for releases made by marketing a
 product. Once approved, a product can circulate freely
 throughout the Community.
 
 
 71                                  NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 The effect of the proposed regulations on administrative
 concerns. Whitehair, L.A.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 71-73; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented
 at a conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal
 Welfare, June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal
 welfare--legislation--impact--administration--laboratory
 animals
 
 
 72                                   NAL Call. No.: HV4701.A35
 The Endangered Species Act.
 Daly, K.
 Englewood, Colo. : American Humane Association, Animal
 Protection Division; 1994.
 Advocate v. 11 (3/4): p. 12-13; 1994.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Endangered species; Legislation;
 Animal welfare
 
 
 73                        NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.1327
 Environmental enrichment advancing animal care..  Advancing
 animal care Countrywise Communication (Firm),Universities
 Federation for Animal Welfare Potters Bar, Herts :
 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare,; 1990. 1
 videocassette (37 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in. + 1 folder. 
 Folder includes 1 suggestions for use of video booklet, 1 set
 of reprints clipped together, Environmental enrichment report
 no. 1-4, and 3 leaflets about the UFAW.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Zoo animals; Animal housing; Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  Primarily aimed at all those responsible for the
 care of animals in captivity, the video explores the needs of
 zoo animals and gives practical suggestions for improving
 their lives. A straightforward guide to carrying out an
 enrichment project is provided.
 
 
 74                                      NAL Call. No.: 475 EX7
 Ethical principles and guidelines for scientific experiments
 on animals. Basel : Birkhauser; 1992 Jan15.
 Experientia v. 48 (1): p. 1-3; 1992 Jan15.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Switzerland; Animal welfare; Animal experiments;
 Guidelines; Professional ethics
 
 
 75                                NAL Call. No.: QL55.E84 1992
 Ethics in research on animal behaviour readings from Animal
 behaviour.. Guidelines for the use of animals in research
 Dawkins, Marian Stamp; Gosling, Morris
 Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour, Animal Behavior
 Society London, England : Academic Press for the Association
 for the Study of Animal Behaviour and the Animal Behavior
 Society, [1992?]; 1992. 64 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.  Includes
 "Guidelines for the use of animals in research," revised 1991
 version.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experimentation; Laboratory animals
 
 
 76                                     NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 A European perspective on farm animal welfare.
 Birbeck, A.L.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1991 Apr15.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 198
 (8): p. 1377-1380; 1991 Apr15.  Paper presented at the "AVMA
 Animal Welfare Forum: Enhancing Wellness in Animals and
 People," Nov. 9, 1990. Chicago, Illinois. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Uk; Livestock--animal welfare--legislation--pain-
 -advisory committees--education--training
 
 
 77                                   NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L33
 European regulation of animal experiments.
 O'Donoghue, P.N.
 New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Company; 1992 Sep.
 Lab animal v. 21 (8): p. 20-22, 24-25, 27; 1992 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Europe; Animal experiments; Legislation
 
 
 78                                    NAL Call. No.: aQL55.B36
 Euthanasia.
 Bennett, B.T.
 Beltsville, Md. : USDA, National Agricultural Library; 1990
 Apr. Essentials for animal research : a primer for research
 personnel / by B.T. Bennett, M.J. Brown and J.C. Schofield. p.
 89-100; 1990 Apr.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Domestic animals; Euthanasia;
 Animal welfare; Regulations
 
 
 79                               NAL Call. No.: SF914.G74 1990
 Euthanasia guide (for animal shelters)..  Euthanasia guide for
 animal shelters, 3rd ed..
 Grier, Ronald L.; Colvin, Tom L.; Kopecky, Lois N.
 Ames, Iowa : Moss Creek Publications,; 1990.
 iv, 47 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  Includes bibliographical references
 (p. 46).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Euthanasia; Pets; Animal welfare; Pounds
 
 
 80                                    NAL Call. No.: 1 AG84PRO
 Every species counts: research on threatened, endangered, and
 sensitive plants and animals.
 Washington, D.C. : The Department; 1992 Feb.
 Program aid PA - U.S. Department of Agriculture (1481): 20 p.;
 1992 Feb.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Endangered species; Research; Law;
 Wildlife management
 
 
 81                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 The evolution of anti-cruelty laws in the United States., 4th
 ed. Leavitt, E.S.; Halverson, D.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 1-47; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Law; History
 
 
 82                            NAL Call. No.: KF27.A33277 1990e
 Farm Animal and Research Facilities Protection Act of 1989
 hearing before the Subcommittee on Department Operations,
 Research, and Foreign Agriculture and the Subcommittee on
 Forests, Family Farms, and Energy of the Committee on
 Agriculture, House of Representatives, One Hundred First
 Congress, second session, on H.R. 3270, July 17, 1990.
 United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture.
 Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign
 Agriculture
 Washington [D.C.] : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of
 Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O.; 1991; Y 4.Ag
 8/1:101-62. vii, 306 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.  Distributed to some
 depository libraries in microfiche.  Shipping list no.:
 91-206-P.  Serial no. 101-62.  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Domestic animals--Animal welfare--Animal
 experimentation
 
 
 83                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Fighting and baiting., 4th ed.
 Stevens, C.; Halverson, D.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 151-156; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Dogs; Cocks; Bull fighting; Spectator
 events; Fighting; Animal welfare; Law
 
 
 84                             NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 First federal law to prevent cruelty to animals., 4th ed.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 48-51; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Law; History
 
 
 85                                       NAL Call. No.: 49 J82
 Food safety and inspection service update on food safety of
 animals derived from biotechnology experiments.
 Basu, P.; Masters, B.; Patel, B.; Urban, O.
 Champaign, Ill. : American Society of Animal Science; 1993.
 Journal of animal science v. 71 (suppl. 3): p. 41-42; 1993. 
 Paper presented at the symposium, "Genetically Modified
 Livestock: Progress, Prospects, and Issues", August 11, 1992,
 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Transgenic animals; Livestock; Food safety; Meat
 inspection; Slaughter; Regulations
 
 Abstract:  Recent progress in the field of biotechnology and
 the production of transgenic livestock has raised a question
 regarding the need for the regulation of these animals. There
 is also the need to regulate nontransgenic animals resulting
 from transgenic animal research. It is anticipated that
 several governmental agencies will be involved in regulatory
 issues pertaining to these animals. The United States
 Department of Agriculture (USDA), Food Safety and Inspection
 Service (FSIS) will ultimately be responsible for ensuring
 that transgenic animals intended for human consumption are
 wholesome, unadulterated, and properly labeled. The FSIS has
 implemented a program for the regulation of slaughtering
 nontransgenic animals resulting from transgenic animal
 experiments. However, the FSIS has not yet approved any
 transgenic livestock for slaughter. Scientists from the FSIS,
 in conjunction with other government agencies, are currently
 developing guidelines for the slaughter of transgenic animals.
 
 
 86                                   NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1I43
 Frequently asked questions about the Public Health Service
 Policy on care and use of laboratory animals.
 Washington, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, National
 Research Council; 1993.
 ILAR news v. 35 (3/4): p. 47-49; 1993.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Laboratory animals; Policy; Animal
 husbandry; Animal welfare; Committees; Regulations; Government
 organizations
 
 
 87                                 NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 Future development of USDA standards for farm animals under
 the authorities of the Animal Welfare Act.
 Buntain, B.; Gallagher, S.
 Beltsville, MD : National Agricultural Library, AWIC, 1990-;
 1994. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 5 (1):
 p. 14-15; 1994.  In the special issue: Farm animals in
 research and teaching.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Livestock; Animal welfare;
 Legislation; Usda; Regulations; Standards
 
 
 88                            NAL Call. No.: SF910.P34A55 1992
 The future of control of pain in animals used in teaching and
 research. Rowsell, H.C.
 New York : Churchill Livingstone; 1992.
 Animal pain / edited by Charles E. Short, Alan Van Poznak. p.
 525-537; 1992. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experiments; Laboratory animals; Pain;
 Research; Teaching; Education; Legislation; Animal welfare
 
 
 89                                      NAL Call. No.: QL55.I5
 Good laboratory practice, 1976-1992, an overview.
 Dent, N.J.
 Sussex : The Institute; 1992 Apr.
 Animal technology : journal of the Institute of Animal
 Technology v. 43 (1): p. 7-9; 1992 Apr.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratories; Regulations; European communities
 
 Abstract:  Whilst the concept and procedures of Good
 Laboratory Practice are certainly nothing new, certain changes
 have occurred in both responsibilities and attitudes to this
 "Good Practice" in the 16 years since its inception by the
 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States of
 America. It has certain implications for the animal
 technologist and benefits for the industry. It has not been
 seen as the bureaucratic straight-jacket that was initially
 envisaged, and in actual fact is now regarded as one of
 several "Good Practices" and part of a companys overall Total
 Quality Management (TQM) programme. The benefits that have
 clearly been seen following the implementation of Good
 Laboratory Practice (GLP) are: a greater professionalism, less
 animal use, better science, a much more early thought process
 resulting in clear documentation and the ability to either
 review or to repeat studies of a similar nature at a
 considerable time in the future.
 
 
 90                                    NAL Call. No.: TD171.G77
 Grant$ for environmental protection and animal welfare.
 Foundation Center
 New York, N.Y : The Foundation Center, 1990-; 1991-9999.
 v. ; 28 cm.  COMSEARCH broad topics.  Covers grants to
 nonprofit organizations in the U.S. and abroad, including
 environmental protection and legal agencies; public policy and
 citizens organizations; public facilities; and education
 institutions for programs including: natural resources
 conservation, pollution control, farmland preservation,
 botanical, horticultural and landscape services, environmental
 education, nature centers, and animal welfare and protection.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Environmental protection; Animal welfare;
 Endowments
 
 
 91                                       NAL Call. No.: A00123
 The great Siver Spring monkey debate.
 Carlson, P.
 Washington, D.C. : The Washington Post; 1991 Feb24.
 The Washington post magazine. p. 14-19, 28-31; 1991 Feb24.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Maryland; Monkeys; Animal welfare; Animal
 experiments; Law; Law enforcement; Laboratories
 
 
 92                                NAL Call. No.: SF406.G8 1990
 Guia para el cuidado y uso de animales de laboratorio..  Guide
 for the care and use of laboratory animals, Revisada en 1985..
 Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (U.S.), Committee on
 Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
 Bethesda, Md.? : U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services,
 Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, [1990?];
 1990; HE 20.3008:An 5/985/Spanish.
 ix, 83 p. ; 23 cm. (NIH publication ; no. 90-23S). 
 Translation of: Guide for the care and use of laboratory
 animals.  Shipping list no.: 90-716-P. "Publicacion no. 86-23
 de los Institutos Nacionales de Salud"--P. [4] of cover. 
 Includes bibliographical references (p. 59-73).
 
 Language:  Spanish; Spanish
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals
 
 
 93                              NAL Call. No.: SF406.G85  1993
 Guide to the care and use of experimental animals., 2nd ed..
 Olfert, Ernest D.; Cross, Brenda M.; McWilliam, A. Ann
 Canadian Council on Animal Care
 Ottawa, Ont. : Canadian Council on Animal Care, c1993-;
 1993-9999. v. ; 28 cm.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Veterinary medicine
 
 
 94                                    NAL Call. No.: 41.8 Am3A
 Guidelines for animal surgery in research and teaching.
 Brown, M.J.; Pearson, P.T.; Tomson, F.N.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : American Veterinary Medical Association;
 1993 Sep. American journal of veterinary research v. 54 (9):
 p. 1544-1559; 1993 Sep. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal experiments; Surgery;
 Guidelines; Animal welfare; Teaching materials; Personnel;
 Equipment; Preoperative care; Anesthesia; Postoperative care
 
 
 95                                    NAL Call. No.: 410.9 P94
 Guidelines for developing and managing an environmental
 enrichment program for nonhuman primates.
 Bloomsmith, M.A.; Brent, L.Y.; Schapiro, S.J.
 Cordova, Tenn. : American Association for Laboratory Animal
 Science; 1991 Aug. Laboratory animal science v. 41 (4): p.
 372-377; 1991 Aug.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Primates; Environment; Enrichment; Guidelines;
 Animal welfare; Record keeping; Costs; Plan implementation and
 evaluation
 
 Abstract:  Before implementing an environmental enrichment
 program for nonhuman primates, several issues should be
 considered. The assignment of enrichment tasks can be made to
 caretakers, a dedicated "enrichment technician," volunteers,
 students or individuals with training in behavioral science.
 Determining the enrichment techniques to be used must take
 into account personnel time available; the species, age, sex,
 and individual histories of the nonhuman primates; and
 experimental protocols for which animals are being maintained.
 Identifying the most beneficial way to use the available
 personnel time must be tailored for each institution. To meet
 federal regulations, records must be kept of the environmental
 enhancements available to each nonhuman primate. Good record-
 keeping will allow appropriate evaluation of the program. This
 evaluation should involve the animals' responses to the
 enrichment opportunity, cost and durability of enrichment
 items, human and nonhuman safety considerations, and personnel
 required. The well-being of captive nonhuman primates will be
 most improved if well-informed decisions are made in
 developing and managing environmental enrichment programs.
 
 
 96                           NAL Call. No.: HV4890.A5C36  1992
 Guidelines for the care and use of animals in ACT schools. ACT
 Department of Education and the Arts, Animal Ethics Committee
 Canberra : ACT Dept. of Education and the Arts, Animal Ethics
 Committee, [1992?]; 1992.
 1 v. (unpaged) ; 30 cm.  Caption title.  May 1992.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 97                            NAL Call. No.: HV4763.N2G85 1991
 Guidelines for the care and use of animals in production
 agriculture. Nebraska Food Animal Care Coalition
 Lincoln, Neb. : s.n., 1991?; 1991.
 1 v. (various pagings) ; 28 cm.  The Nebraska Food Animal Care
 Coalition (NFACC) was organized in April 1990 to facilitate
 developing the guidelines for humane care of animals in
 production agriculture ... and provide a coordinated effort to
 develop humane guidelines that are compatible with Nebraska
 production practices.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Animal welfare; Animal
 experimentation; Domestic animals
 
 
 98                                    NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L3
 Guidelines for the care of laboratory animals in transit.
 London : Royal Society of Medicine Services; 1993 Apr.
 Laboratory animals v. 27 (2): p. 93-107; 1993 Apr.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Transport of animals
 
 
 99                                      NAL Call. No.: 410 B77
 Guidelines for the treatment of animals in behavioural
 research and teaching. London : Academic Press; 1994 Jan.
 Animal behaviour v. 47 (pt.1): p. 245-250; 1994 Jan.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Bioethics; Guidelines; Animal
 experiments
 
 
 100                                   NAL Call. No.: HV4704.G8
 Guidelines for the well-being of rodents in research from a
 conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare in
 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina on December 8, 1989,
 with additional material provided by the authors.
 Guttman, Helene N.
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (Washington, D.C.)
 Bethesda, MD : Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990. vi,
 105 p.: ill.; 28 cm.  October 1990.  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rodents as laboratory animals--Congresses; Animal
 welfare--Congresses
 
 
 101                             NAL Call. No.: SF406.W64  1994
 Handbook of laboratory animal management and welfare.
 Wolfensohn, Sarah; Lloyd, Maggie
 Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press,; 1994.
 xi, 304 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.  Includes bibliographical
 references (p. [281]-293) and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal welfare; Animal
 experimentation
 
 
 102                             NAL Call. No.: HV4733.H36 1993
 Handbook of live animal transport (with quarterly
 supplements)., 1993 ed.. Anderson, Dale L.
 Silesia Companies, Inc
 Fort Washington, Md. : Silesia Companies, Inc., 1993-;
 1993-9999. 1 v. (loose-leaf) : ill. ; 30 cm.  Animal handling
 and safety, veterinary proceedures [sic], animal health
 regulations, transporting animals by land, sea & air,
 exporting animals.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animals; Animal welfare
 
 
 103                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 A historical view.
 Keeling, M.E.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 13-14; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented
 at a conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal
 Welfare, June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--laboratory animals--
 history--legislation
 
 
 104                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Horses., 4th ed.
 Twyne, P.; Stanley, V.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 126-150; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Horses; Animal welfare; Law
 
 
 105                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 How the proposed regulations might impact a research facility.
 Butler, T.M.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 55-59. ill; 1990 Jan.  Paper
 presented at a conference held by the Scientists Center for
 Animal Welfare, June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Animal welfare--laboratory animals--
 legislation--impact
 
 
 106                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Humane education in the public schools., 4th ed.
 Leavitt, E.S.; Beary, B.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 244-253; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Public schools; Animal welfare; Law;
 Legislation; Education; Animal experiments
 
 
 107                                      NAL Call. No.: 10 OU8
 Humane slaughter.
 Gregory, N.G.
 Oxon : C.A.B. International; 1991 Jun.
 Outlook on agriculture v. 20 (2): p. 95-101; 1991 Jun. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Europe; Livestock--stunning--symptoms--safety at
 work--animal welfare--consciousness--regulations
 
 
 108                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Humane slaughter laws., 4th ed.
 Leavitt, E.S.; Halverson, D.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 52-65; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Livestock; Slaughter; Animal welfare;
 Law; History
 
 
 109                                      NAL Call. No.: A00033
 Humane Society bashes USDA.
 San Francisco, Calif. : Deborah J. Mysiewicz; 1990 Sep15.
 BioEngineering news v. 11 (38): p. 2; 1990 Sep15.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Animal experiments; Usda;
 Regulations
 
 
 110                                  NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L33
 IACUC handling of mistreatment or noncompliance.
 Silverman, J.
 New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Company; 1994 Sep.
 Lab animal v. 23 (8): p. 30-32; 1994 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal welfare; Committees;
 Animal husbandry; Policy; Monitoring
 
 
 111                             NAL Call. No.: HV4764.I46 1992
 Implementation strategies for research animal well-being
 institutional compliance with regulations : proceedings of a
 conference held in Baltimore, Md. on December 5-6, 1991 about
 compliance with USDA regulations for the well-being of canines
 and nonhuman primates in research.
 Krulisch, Lee
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (Bethesda, Md.),Wards,
 Inc Bethesda, MD : Scientists Center for Animal Welfare ;
 Washington, DC : WARDS,; 1992.
 v, 178 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 112                                  NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L33
 Implications of new medical waste regulations on laboratory
 animal research. Party, E.; Wilkerson, A.
 New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Company; 1991 Sep.
 Lab animal v. 20 (8): p. 28-29, 32, 34, 36; 1991 Sep. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Waste disposal; Regulations
 
 
 113                                    NAL Call. No.: SF995.W4
 Implications of pending animal welfare legislations.
 Melvill, L.D.
 Davis, Calif. : University of California; 1990.
 Proceedings - Western Poultry Disease Conference (39th): p.
 110; 1990. Meeting held March 4-6, 1990, Sacramento,
 California.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Animal welfare; Legislation
 
 
 114                                  NAL Call. No.: Z7994.L3A5
 Improved housing of mice, rats and guinea-pigs: a contribution
 to the refinement of animal experiments.
 Scharmann, W.
 Nottingham : Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical
 Experiments; 1991 Feb.
 Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA v. 19 (1): p.
 108-114; 1991 Feb. Paper presented at the fifth meeting of the
 Italian Group for the Application of Tissue Cultures in
 Toxiciology, May 31-June 1, 1990, Milan, Italy. Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Cages; Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  The keeping of experimental animals requires
 housing systems appropriate to the needs and behaviour of each
 species, as demanded by various supranational and national
 guidelines. It is questionable whether conventional housing
 systems for rodents such as mice, rats and guinea-pigs meet
 this demand. It is suggested that the housing of laboratory
 rodents should be improved by the use of larger and more
 appropriate cage types, as well as by reducing the monotony of
 conventional housing systems.
 
 
 115                                  NAL Call. No.: Z7994.L3A5
 In vitro toxicology: a challenge for the 21st century.
 Roberfroid, M.B.; Goethals, F.
 Nottingham : Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical
 Experiments; 1990 Nov.
 Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA v. 18: p. 19-22;
 1990 Nov.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal testing alternatives; In vitro; Toxicology
 
 Abstract:  Animal experimentation is an emotional topic, which
 arouses passionate feelings both in animal protection groups
 and in the scientific community. For many years,
 antivivisectionists have fought for the abolition of all
 animal experimentation, whereas other groups campaign for
 suppression reduction of the level of pain animals suffer
 because of experimentation. Despite all these efforts, the
 number of animals used in scientific research does not seem to
 have decreased significantly during the last few years. At
 best, this number remains constant or shows minor reductions
 in some countries, whereas in others it is still increasing,
 In addition to this situation, which certainly does not
 satisfy the antivivisectionists, the validity of the use of
 animal models in biomedical research is increasingly being
 questioned. On the other hand, a number of developments and
 projects exist which attest to the growing interest of
 scientists in in vitro models which use few, or even no,
 animals. Such a change in attitude is particularly evident in
 practice and research in toxicology, which uses a large number
 of animals. Taking into account the special status of
 toxicology among the biomedical sciences, since its practice
 is required and defined by laws and directives, a semantic
 problem exists over which adjective should be applied to
 describe such new methods. For some, it must be alternative -
 for consistancy to underline the possibility of replacing
 classical in vivo tests with new in vitro tests, the validity
 of which is demonstrated by reference to these in vivo tests.
 For others, it has to he complementary - to characterise the
 new protocols and the new experimental models which are of
 interest, because they contribute to the improvement of
 toxicology by strengthening its scientific nature. For a third
 group, it must be adjunct - to emphasise the relatively minor
 role of non-animal tests in relation to the conventional
 animal tests. It is the second concept that is favoured in
 this article. The experimental models to which it applies
 will, according to the Three Rs of Russell & Burch (1), lead
 either to the replacement of animal models, or to a reduction
 in the number of animals used or to refinement of test
 procedures in order to minimise the suffering and stress
 caused to animals.
 
 
 116                             NAL Call. No.: HV4764.I58 1992
 Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee guidebook.
 National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
 Bethesda, Md.? : U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services,
 Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health ;
 [Washington, D.C. : Supt. of Docs, U.S. G.P.O., distributor,
 1992-]; 1992-9999; HE 20.3008:An 5/5. 1 v. (loose-leaf) ; 28
 cm. (NIH publication ; no. 92-3415).  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal experimentation;
 Animal welfare
 
 
 117                                   NAL Call. No.: S441.S855
 Integration of aquaculture into an irrigated farm to improve
 efficiency of water and nutrient use.
 Olsen, M.W.
 1988-; 1991.
 Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) or
 Agriculture in Concert with the Environment (ACE) research
 projects. 21 p.; 1991.  SARE Project Number: UC/USDA AW91-2.
 Record inculdes 5 1/2 floppy disk and papers on the research.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Mexico; Cabt; Arizona; Cabt; Irrigation
 water; Effluents; Fish culture; Crop production; Ictalurus
 punctatus; Tilapia; Irrigated conditions; Gossypium; Lawns and
 turf; Ornamental plants; Crop yield; Water use efficiency;
 Water management; Low input agriculture
 
 
 118                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 International animal protection., 4th ed.
 Stevens, C.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 238-243; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wild animals; Wild birds; Animal welfare; Law;
 International transport
 
 
 119                                NAL Call. No.: aQK981.4.P76
 International resources on the release of organisms into the
 environment. Segal, M.
 Beltsville, Md. : Plant Genome Data and Information Center,
 USDA-NAL; 1991. Probe : newsletter for the USDA Plant Genome
 Research Program v. 1 (3/4): p. 15-17; 1991.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Microorganisms; Plants; Animals; Genetic
 engineering; Introduced species; Environmental impact;
 Recombinant  DNA; International cooperation; Research policy;
 Diffusion of research; Diffusion of information
 
 
 120                                  NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1I43
 IRAC recommendation on LD50 testing.
 Washington, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, National
 Research Council; 1993.
 ILAR news v. 35 (3/4): p. 56-58; 1993.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Lethal dose; Testing;
 Committees; Guidelines; Policy; International organizations
 
 
 121                                      NAL Call. No.: A00110
 Kinder life sought for research animals: suit urges new rules
 for dogs, primates.
 San Francisco, Calif. : The Chronical Publishing Co; 1991
 Jun10. San Francisco chronicle. p. A5; 1991 Jun10.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal experiments--animal welfare--usda-
 -regulations
 
 
 122                                     NAL Call. No.: QL55.I5
 The Laboratory Animal Breeders Association Accreditation
 Scheme (L.A.B.A.A.S.) its history, current organisation and
 future trends.
 Smith, M.W.
 Sussex : The Institute; 1992 Apr.
 Animal technology : journal of the Institute of Animal
 Technology v. 43 (1): p. 19-27; 1992 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Uk; Laboratory animals; Breeders' associations
 
 Abstract:  In 1982 the Medical Research Council decided to
 close the Laboratory Animal Centre (LAC) originally based at
 the MRC laboratories in Carshalton. This effectively brought
 to an end the originally LAC sponsored scheme for the
 voluntary accreditation of laboratory animal breeders. With
 the co-operation of the MRC a new scheme, which most Home
 Office registered breeders have now joined (LABAAS) was
 organised through a scientific working party under the
 auspices of the Laboratory Animal Breeders Association. Since
 1982 additions and alterations have been made to the format of
 the manual, which sets out the working structure of the
 scheme. This paper outlines the current structure of LABAAS
 and indicates how constructive advice and criticism is helping
 to shape the future direction of the scheme.
 
 
 123                                  NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L33
 Laboratory animal science in Italy: legislation, education,
 and training programs.
 Guaitani, A.
 New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Company; 1992 Sep.
 Lab animal v. 21 (8): p. 39-40, 42, 44; 1992 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Italy; Animal experiments; Legislation;
 Educational programs
 
 
 124                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Laboratory animal welfare., 4th ed.
 Stevens, C.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 66-105; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Laboratory animals; Animal welfare;
 Legislation; Law; History
 
 
 125                             NAL Call. No.: SF406.N92  1994
 Laboratory animal welfare a guide to reference tools, legal
 materials, organizations, federal agencies.
 Nyberg, Cheryl; Porta, Maria A.; Boast, Carol
 Twin Falls, ID : BN Books,; 1994.
 xii, 389 p. ; 29 cm.  "... partially supported by the U.S.
 Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library,
 Agreement No. 58-32U4-7-031, and by the University of Illinois
 at Urbana-Champaign"--T.p. verso.  Includes index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal welfare; Animal
 experimentation
 
 
 126                                     NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 The laboratory rat's guide to Europe.
 MacKenzie, D.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1992 May16.
 New scientist v. 134 (1821): p. 29-31; 1992 May16.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Europe; Animal experiments; Regulations; Animal
 welfare; European communities; Animal testing alternatives
 
 
 127                                      NAL Call. No.: Q1.S37
 Labs scurry to meet animal care mandate.
 Clemmitt, M.
 Philadelphia, Pa. : Institute for Scientific Information :.;
 1991 Jul22. The scientist v. 5 (15): p. 1, 6-7; 1991 Jul22.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--animal experiments--usda-
 -regulations
 
 
 128                                   NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L3
 LASA recommendations on education and training for licence
 holders under the UK Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986-
 -FELASA Categories B and C. Report of a committee accepted by
 LASA Council June 1992.
 O'Donoghue, P.N.; Bunyan, J.; Buckwell, A.C.; Gregory, J.A.;
 Griffiths, P.H.M.; Howard, B.R.; Jones, H.; Millican, K.G.;
 Wilson, M.S.; Brouwer, G. London : Royal Society of Medicine
 Services; 1993 Jul.
 Laboratory animals v. 27 (3): p. 189-205; 1993 Jul.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Uk; Laboratory animals; Animal welfare;
 Guidelines
 
 
 129                      NAL Call. No.: ArUKF2940.2.V3W55 1990
 Law and ethics of the veterinary profession.
 Wilson, James F.; Rollin, Bernard E.; Garbe, Jo Anne L.
 Yardley, PA : Priority Press,; 1990.
 xxiv, 532 p. : ill., forms ; 27 cm.  Includes bibliographical
 references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Veterinarians; Animal welfare
 
 
 130                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 The law and the non-human primate trade., 4th ed.
 McGreal, S.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 231-237; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; South America; Central America;
 Caribbean; Africa; Asia; Madagascar; Primates; International
 trade; Law; Animal welfare
 
 
 131                                  NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L33
 Legislation and animal experimentation in The Netherlands and
 the U.S.: is there a difference in aproach?.
 Ritskes-Hoitinga, M.; Bosland, M.C.; Greeve, P. de; Zutphen,
 B.F.M van New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Company; 1992
 Sep.
 Lab animal v. 21 (8): p. 28, 32-37; 1992 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Netherlands; Animal experiments;
 Legislation
 
 
 132                                  NAL Call. No.: 47.8 AM33P
 Legislative view of research.
 Siemens, A.
 Champaign, Ill. : Poultry Science Association; 1992 Aug.
 Poultry science v. 71 (8): p. 1325-1327; 1992 Aug.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agricultural policy; Agricultural research;
 Federal government; Poultry
 
 Abstract:  Congress has its own perception of research;
 whether it equates to reality is up to the research community.
 Many in Congress perceive that the research community is free-
 floating and is not focused on addressing the problems that
 face the United States today. Recent government reports have
 reviewed the purposes, accountability, and challenges facing
 the traditional research and extension system as it enters the
 1990s. These reports send a strong message that the status quo
 will not work sufficiently in the 1990s. How does this affect
 agricultural research dollars? Congress, in response to its
 own perceptions, has strived to establish priorities by
 allocating resources to key projects. Whether this is in the
 best interest of the nation is debatable. The agricultural
 research community needs to establish priorities and to
 communicate them effectively ; otherwise someone less informed
 in the Congress will do it.
 
 
 133                                    NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 Liability protection for laboratory animal and public
 veterinarians. Hannah, H.W.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1990 Dec01.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 197
 (11): p. 1456-1458; 1990 Dec01.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Veterinarians; Legal liability; Laboratory
 animals; Public authorities; Defense; Veterinary jurisprudence
 
 
 134                                   NAL Call. No.: 1 AG84PRO
 Licensing and registration under the animal welfare act:
 guidelines for dealers, exhibitors, transporters, and
 researchers.
 Washington, D.C. : The Department; 1992 Apr.
 Program aid PA - U.S. Department of Agriculture v.): 20 p.;
 1992 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Law; Licenses; Usda;
 Regulation; Laboratory animals; Zoo animals
 
 
 135                          NAL Call. No.: SF55.A357R47  1992
 Livestock and resource management policy issues and priorities
 for research : proceedings of the Research Planning Workshop
 held at ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 24-27 March 1992.
 Ehui, S.; Lipner, M. E.
 International Livestock Centre for Africa
 Research Planning Workshop 1992 : International Livestock
 Centre for Africa. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia : International
 Livestock Centre for Africa,; 1993. vi, 161 p. ; 30 cm. 
 January 1993.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Livestock; Range management
 
 
 136                              NAL Call. No.: TD811.L59 1992
 Livestock and the environment rethinking environmental policy,
 institutions & compliance strategies ; interim report to the
 Joint Interim Committee on the Environment, 72nd Texas
 Legislature..  Interim report to the Joint Interim Committee
 on the Environment, 72nd Texas Legislature
 Jones, Ron
 Texas, Legislature, Joint Interim Committee on the Environment
 Stephenville, Tex. : Texas Institute for Applied Environmental
 Research, Tarleton State University,; 1992.
 119 p : ill., maps ; 28 cm.  September 1992.  Bibliography:
 pp. 110-118.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal waste
 
 
 137                                     NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 Many monkey experiments 'not justified'.
 Vines, G.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1991 Nov23.
 New scientist v. 132 (1796): p. 15; 1991 Nov23.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: England; Animal experiments--animal welfare--
 legislation
 
 
 138                                  NAL Call. No.: HV4701.A35
 The Marine Mammal Protection Act under attack.
 Douglass, A.
 Englewood, Colo. : American Humane Association, Animal
 Protection Division; 1994.
 Advocate v. 11 (3/4): p. 20-21; 1994.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Marine mammals; Animal welfare;
 Legislation
 
 
 139                                NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 Marine mammal welfare: the role of USDA, APHIS.
 Kohn, B.
 Beltsville, MD : National Agricultural Library, AWIC, 1990-;
 1994. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 5 (2):
 p. 6-8; 1994.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Marine mammals; Animal welfare;
 Usda; Regulations
 
 
 140                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Marine mammals., 4th ed.
 Stevens, C.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 190-202; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Marine mammals; Animal welfare; Law
 
 
 141                                   NAL Call. No.: 44.8 J822
 Modulation of expression of fos and Ha-ras oncogenes and
 ornithine decarboxylase activity in mammary gland and liver of
 young female rats by the absence of dietary lipotropes.
 Park, C.S.; Choi, C.B.; Baik, M.G.; Keller, W.L.
 Champaign, Ill. : American Dairy Science Association; 1994
 Aug. Journal of dairy science v. 77 (8): p. 2214-2220; 1994
 Aug.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Diet; Lipotropic factors; Deficiency; Methionine;
 Folic acid; Choline; Rats; Cyanocobalamin; Liver; Weight;
 Mammary glands; Oncogenes; Gene expression; Amino acids; Body
 weight; Feed intake; Messenger  RNA; Ornithine decarboxylase;
 Enzyme activity
 
 Abstract:  There is evidence that diets deficient in
 lipotropes [methionine, choline, pteroylmonoglutamic acid
 (folic acid), and cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12)] induce and
 enhance hepatocarcinogenesis. This research examined the
 extent to which dietary lipotropes modify cellular oncogene
 expression and ornithine decarboxylase activity in mammary
 gland and liver of rats. Eighteen female Sprague-Dawley rats
 (8 wk old) were fed 3 wk on one of three diets: 1) a control
 synthetic diet; 2) a methyl-deficient diet lacking choline,
 methionine, pteroylmonoglutamic acid, and cyanocobalamin; or
 3) a diet supplemented with twice the amount of each lipotrope
 as in the control synthetic diet. The group fed the methyl-
 deficient diet gained less body weight than groups fed the
 control or methyl-supplemented diet. The group fed the methyl-
 deficient diet had approximately 5- and 11-fold greater fos
 transcription in mammary gland and liver, respectively, than
 did the control group. The expression of the Ha-ras gene in
 mammary gland and liver of the group fed the methyl-deficient
 diet was increased by 4- and 6-fold compared with that of the
 control. Ornithine decarboxylase activity, considered to be a
 developmental marker, was higher in liver and mammary gland of
 the group fed the methyl-deficient diet than in either the
 group fed control synthetic diet or the group fed the methyl-
 supplemented diet. The methyl-deficient diet may have caused
 activation of the transcription factor fos and thus the
 activation of the transcription regulatory complex, AP-1. In
 turn, AP-1 may regulate genes, such as ornithine
 decarboxylase, which are responsible for cell proliferation
 and differentiation.
 
 
 142                                 NAL Call. No.: QH442.G4522
 More legislation on animal use in laboratories expected.
 Rood, M.
 Washington, D.C. : King Pub. Group; 1992 Nov17.
 Biotech daily v. 1 (67): p. 1, 4; 1992 Nov17.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Animal experiments;
 Legislation
 
 
 143                                  NAL Call. No.: SB950.A1V4
 The most dangerous pest: "Homo environmentalus".
 Bidinotto, R.J.
 Davis, Calif. : University of California; 1992 Aug.
 Proceedings ... Vertebrate Pest Conference (15): p. 2-8; 1992
 Aug.  Meeting held March 3-5, 1992, Newport Beach, CA. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; People; Animal welfare; Environmental
 policy; Politics; Ethics
 
 
 144                                 NAL Call. No.: TX553.A3F65
 Mycotoxins in review.
 Pohland, A.E.
 London : Taylor & Francis; 1993 Jan.
 Food additives and contaminants v. 10 (1): p. 17-28; 1993 Jan. 
 Paper presented at the symposium and workshop on "Food
 Contamination, Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins," November 4-15,
 1990, Cairo, Egypt.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Food contamination; Mycotoxins
 
 Abstract:  The putative involvement of mycotoxins in human
 diseases, including cancer, is reviewed with reference to
 ergotism, citreoviridin toxicosis, alimentary toxic aleukia,
 stachybotryotoxicosis, Balkan endemic nephropathy and
 aflatoxicoses. Analytical and sampling problems in determining
 the occurrence of and exposure to mycotoxins are discussed
 against the background that over 300 mycotoxins have been
 identified, produced by some 350 fungal species, and that the
 potency of some of them demands the quantitation of extremely
 small quantities of analyte. Mycotoxins associated with food
 and originating from Alternaria, Aspergillus, Fusaria,
 Penicillia and Claviceps spp. are reviewed with reference to
 the toxicological, regulatory and economic issues arising. It
 is concluded that continued efforts are needed to: identify
 and quantify human/animal exposure; estimate health risks and
 make defensible risk-benefit judgements; develop sampling
 plans based on experimental observation; arrive at agreed
 regulatory levels based on legitimate sampling plans,
 analytical capabilities and economic considerations; develop
 procedures for disposal of contaminated lots; and develop
 plant varieties resistant to fungal invasion.
 
 
 145                                     NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 The myth of the barn egg.
 Harrison, R.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1991 Nov30.
 New scientist v. 132 (1797): p. 40-43; 1991 Nov30.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Europe; Animal welfare; Hens; Stocking density;
 Regulations; European communities; Eggs
 
 
 146                                     NAL Call. No.: QH1.A43
 NABT's policy on the responsible use of animals in biology
 classrooms: a clarification.
 Reston, Va. : National Association of Biology Teachers; 1991
 Feb. The American biology teacher v. 53 (2): p. 71; 1991 Feb. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experiments--science education--
 professional associations--policy
 
 
 147                              NAL Call. No.: TD171.O44 1992
 National guide to funding for the environment and animal
 welfare. Olson, Stan; Kovacs, Ruth; Haile, Suzanne
 New York : Foundation Center,; 1992.
 xxxi, 332 p. ; 28 cm.  Includes indexes.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Environmental protection; Animal welfare;
 Endowments
 
 
 148                            NAL Call. No.: SF407.P7T49 1991
 The necessity for interpretation of standards designed to
 promote the psychological well-being of nonhuman primates.,
 1st ed.;. Hunt, R.D.
 Washington, DC : American Psychological Association ;; 1991.
 Through the looking glass: issues of psychological well-being
 in captive nonhuman primates / edited by Melinda A. Novak and
 Andrew J. Petto. p. 20-25; 1991.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Primates; Animal welfare; Standards;
 Interpretation; Regulations; History
 
 
 149                         NAL Call. No.: RA1199.4.I5I58 1993
 The need for a scientific panel.
 Wilcox, N.
 Baltimore, MD : CAAT; 1993.
 The International status of validation of in vitro toxicity
 tests : a report of the CAAT/TCA workshop of June 16-20, 1991.
 p. 34-36; 1993.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Animal testing alternatives;
 Validity; Government organizations; Evaluation
 
 
 150                                      NAL Call. No.: A00069
 New research methods seen unlikely to eliminate animal
 testing. Marcus, E.
 Washington, D.C. : The Washington Post Co; 1990 Aug28.
 The Washington post. p. A3; 1990 Aug28.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experiments--animal welfare--regulations
 
 
 151                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 Nonhuman primate well-being: an issue of science or politics?.
 Wolfle, T.L.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 64-67; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented
 at a conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal
 Welfare, June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md. Question and answer
 session p. 68.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--laboratory animals--
 regulations--politics
 
 
 152                                NAL Call. No.: Slide no.437
 Nonhuman primates biosafety..  Nonhuman primates : biosafety
 Broderson, J. Roger
 University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources, American College of Laboratory Animal
 Medicine, National Agricultural Library (U.S.)
 Seattle, WA : Produced and distributed by the Health Sciences
 Center for Educational Resources, University of Washington,;
 1992.
 60 slides : col. + 1 sound cassette (25 min.) + 1 guide.
 (Laboratory animal medicine and science. Series 2 ; V-9018). 
 Developed for the American College of Laboratory Animal
 Medicine.  Sound accompaniment compatible for manual and
 automatic operation.  Accompanying guide includes script. 
 Portions of this project have been funded by grant from the
 National Agricultural Library.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Primates as laboratory animals; Animal
 experimentation; Primates
 
 Abstract:  Covers four major classes of health hazards within
 a nonhuman primate facility; practices, equipment and facility
 design to help prevent disease or injury from these hazards.
 
 
 153                                NAL Call. No.: Slide no.435
 Nonhuman primates environmental enrichment..  Nonhuman
 primates : environmental enrichment
 Bayne, Kathryn
 University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources, American College of Laboratory Animal
 Medicine, National Agricultural Library (U.S.)
 Seattle, WA : Produced and distributed by the Health Sciences
 Center for Educational Resources, University of Washington,;
 1992.
 61 slides : col. + 1 sound cassette (25 min.) + 1 guide.
 (Laboratory animal medicine and science. Series 2 ; V-9019). 
 Developed for the American College of Laboratory Animal
 Medicine.  Sound accompaniment compatible for manual and
 automatic operation.  Accompanying guide includes script. 
 Portions of this project has been funded by a grant from the
 National Agricultural Library.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Primates as laboratory animals; Primates;
 Laboratory animals
 
 Abstract:  Covers promotion of psychological well-being by
 social, non-social, contact, and non-contact approaches.
 
 
 154                                NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 Observations from the field: a marine mammal inspector's view.
 Cox, K.
 Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library, AWIC; 1992
 Apr. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 3 (2): p.
 2-3; 1992 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Marine mammals; Animal welfare; Inspection
 
 
 155                                    NAL Call. No.: 500 N484
 Occupational health guidelines for control of Q fever in sheep
 research. Harrison, R.J.; Vugia, D.J.; Ascher, M.S.
 New York, N.Y. : The Academy; 1990.
 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences v. 590: p. 283-290;
 1990.  In the series analytic: Rickettsiology: current issues
 and perspectives / edited by K.B. Hechemy, D. Paretsky, D.H.
 Walker, and L.P. Mallavia.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Sheep; Coxiella burnetii; Disease
 vectors; Health protection; Q fever; Research workers;
 Zoonoses
 
 
 156                                    NAL Call. No.: 421 J825
 Ooplasmic pH and electrical properties of developing locust
 (Locusta migratoria) eggs.
 Hawkins, E.; O'Donnell, M.J.
 Exeter : Pergamon Press; 1992 Jul.
 Journal of insect physiology v. 38 (7): p. 493-502; 1992 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Locusta migratoria; Embryonic development;
 Laboratory rearing; Membrane potential; Oviposition; Ova; Ph
 
 Abstract:  Ooplasmic pH and the electrical potential
 difference across the egg coverings (PD(egg)) were measured in
 developing locust (Locusta migratoria) eggs with double-
 barrelled pH microelectrodes. Successful microelectrode
 impalements were obtained up to the ninth day of development,
 the day before hatching at 37 degrees C. PD(egg) for eggs
 bathed in control saline changed substantially during
 development, from a minimum of -23 mV in day-1 eggs to a
 maximum of -78 mV in day-3 eggs, whereas ooplasmic pH remained
 near 7.2-7.3 before fertilization and up to day 5.
 Dechorionation reduced PD(egg) in day-3 eggs by only 5 mV.
 Input resistance decreased from 1.2 M omega in chorionated
 eggs before fertilization to less than 0.2 M omega in day-1 to
 day-5 eggs. PD(egg) changed by up to 19 mV for a 10-fold
 change in bathing saline Cl-concentration, but less than 5 mV
 for a 10-fold change in the concentration of Na+ or K+.
 Experiments with internally perfused eggs indicated that the
 Cl--dependent component of PD(egg) is developed primarily
 across the serosal cuticle, and that up to 28% of PD(egg)
 consists of a second potential developed across the serosal
 epithelium. Contribution of a metabolic pump to the latter
 component was suggested by the effects of chilling or anoxia
 on PD(egg) in intact eggs. Acidification of egg ooplasm by 0.2
 pH units in hypercapnic bathing saline (7% carbon dioxide) was
 associated with a 66% hyperpolarization of PD(egg). The
 results suggest that ooplasmic pH increases as ambient pCO2
 declines during ovipoisition, and that an electrogenic proton
 pump contributes to both PD(egg) and ooplasmic pH regulation.
 
 
 157                            NAL Call. No.: KD3420.O63  1991
 Operations on farm animals a guide to legislation.
 Great Britain, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
 London : Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food,; 1991.
 10 p. ; 21 cm.  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Veterinary surgery; Animal welfare
 
 
 158                                  NAL Call. No.: HV4701.A35
 Opposition plots to halt humane advances.
 Denver, Colo. : American Humane Association, Animal Protection
 Division; 1990. Advocate v. 8 (2) AGL: p. 8-9, 13. ill; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Dogs; Cats; Animal welfare; Law; Shelters; Animal
 experiments; Research
 
 
 159                                  NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L33
 An overview of agencies that developed or monitor compliance.
 Shalev, M. \u Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY
 New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Company; 1994 Sep.
 Lab animal v. 23 (8): p. 38, 40-42, 44; 1994 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal welfare; Regulations;
 Monitoring; Organizations; Animal experiments; Animal
 husbandry
 
 
 160                         NAL Call. No.: S494.5.B563B44 1991
 A patent on life ownership of plant and animal research.
 Belcher, Brian; Hawtin, G.
 International Developement Research Center (Canada)
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada : International Development Research
 Centre,; 1991. 40 p. ; 25 cm. (Searching series ; 2).  Cover
 title.  Includes bibliographical references (p. 39-40).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agricultural biotechnology; Genetic engineering;
 Deregulation
 
 
 161                     NAL Call. No.: NBUS494.5 B563 B44 1991
 A patent on life ownership of plant and animal research.
 Belcher, Brian; Hawtin, G.
 International Development Research Center (Canada)
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada : International Development Research
 Centre,; 1991. 40 p. ; 25 cm. (Searching series ; 2).  Caption
 title.  Includes bibliographical references (p. 39-40).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agricultural biotechnology; Genetic engineering;
 Deregulation
 
 
 162                                    NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 Pet overpopulation and humane education in schools and
 communities. Avanzino, R.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1991 Apr01.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 198
 (7): p. 1237-1240; 1991 Apr01.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; California; Dogs--cats--overpopulation--
 population control--private organizations--animal welfare--
 community education--primary education--law
 
 
 163                                  NAL Call. No.: 448.8 N442
 Physicians and the animal-rights movement.
 Pardes, H.; West, A.; Pincus, H.A.
 Boston, Mass. : Massachusetts Medical Society; 1991 Jun06. New
 England journal of medicine v. 324 (23): p. 1640-1643; 1991
 Jun06. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare--research--regulations--
 physicians--interest groups--mass media--aggressive behavior--
 animal testing alternatives
 
 
 164                            NAL Call. No.: SB950.8.P63 1991
 Pocket guide to the humane control of wildlife in cities &
 towns. Hodge, Guy R.; Bridgeland, William
 Humane Society of the United States
 Washington, DC (2100 L St., NW, Washington 20037) : Humane
 Society of the U.S. ; Helena, MT : Falcon Press,; 1991.
 vii, 116 p. : ill. ; 19 cm.  Includes index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Urban pests; Wildlife pests; Animal welfare
 
 
 165                                NAL Call. No.: QL737.C22C36
 Policy, program and people: the three P's to well-being.
 Wolfe, T.L.
 Bethesda, MD : Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Canine research environment / edited by Joy A. Mench and Lee
 Krulisch. p. 41-47; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented at a conference
 held by the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, June 22,
 1989, Bethesda, Md. Question and answer session p. 37. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Dogs--laboratory animals--animal welfare-
 -policy
 
 
 166                                    NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 The politics of formula-fed veal calf production.
 Schwartz, A.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1990 May15.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 196
 (10): p. 1578-1586; 1990 May15.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Calves; Meat production; Veal; Diets;
 Animal health; Animal welfare; Legislation
 
 
 167                                    NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 Potential liability for zoos and zoo veterinarians.
 Hannah, H.W.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1991 Feb01.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 198
 (3): p. 392-393; 1991 Feb01.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Zoo animals; Zoological gardens; Veterinarians;
 Legal liability
 
 
 168                             NAL Call. No.: 1 Ag84Ab no.650
 A Producers guide to preventing predation of livestock.
 United States, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Animal and
 Plant Health Inspection Service,; 1992; A 1.75:650.
 14 p. : ill. ; 14 x 22 cm. (Agriculture information bulletin ;
 no. 650). Shipping list no.: 92-0567-P.  "Issued July 1992"--
 P. [2].  Includes bibliographical references (p. 14).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Wildlife conservation; Predatory
 animals
 
 
 169                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 Projected costs for compliance with the proposed regulations.
 Rich, B.A.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 75-78; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented
 at a conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal
 Welfare, June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--legislation--
 administration--costs
 
 
 170                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 The proposed USDA/APHIS regulations.
 Schwindaman, D.F.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 5-7; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented at
 a conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare,
 June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md. AGL.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--laboratory animals--
 legislation--usda
 
 
 171                            NAL Call. No.: SF407.P7T49 1991
 The psychological well-being of captive primates: protecting
 the public interest., 1st ed.;.
 Leonard, E.A.
 Washington, DC : American Psychological Association ;; 1991.
 Through the looking glass: issues of psychological well-being
 in captive nonhuman primates / edited by Melinda A. Novak and
 Andrew J. Petto. p. 202-206; 1991.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Massachusetts; Primates; Animal welfare;
 Regulations; Law; Licenses
 
 
 172                            NAL Call. No.: SF407.P7T49 1991
 Psychological well-being: the billion-dollar solution., 1st
 ed.;. Wolfle, T.L.
 Washington, DC : American Psychological Association ;; 1991.
 Through the looking glass: issues of psychological well-being
 in captive nonhuman primates / edited by Melinda A. Novak and
 Andrew J. Petto. p. 119-128; 1991.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Laboratory animals; Assessment;
 Legislation
 
 
 173                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 The public health service's perspective of the proposed
 regulations. Miller, J.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 8-11; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented at
 a conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare,
 June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--laboratory animals--
 legislation
 
 
 174                              NAL Call. No.: S494.5.B563N33
 Public policy and animal biotechnology in the 1990s:
 challenges and opportunities.
 Stenholm, C.W.
 Ithaca, N.Y. : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council;
 1992. NABC report / (4): p. 25-35; 1992.  In the series
 analytic: Animal biotechnology: opportunities and challenges. 
 Proceedings of the fourth annual NABC meeting, May 1992,
 College Station, Texas.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Biotechnology; Animal experiments;
 Agricultural research
 
 
 175                                  NAL Call. No.: Z7994.L3A5
 Qualification of EYTEX data: a user's guide.
 Martin, C.G.
 Nottingham : Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical
 Experiments; 1993 Apr.
 Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA v. 21 (2): p.
 239-259; 1993 Apr. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal testing alternatives; Guidelines
 
 Abstract:  The EYTEX system has been shown to be a very useful
 tool in the in vitro testing of toiletry raw materials.
 However, the interpretation of the results is not always
 simple. It requires an understanding of the physicochemical
 characteristics of the samples and of their interactions with
 components of the EYTEX system. The results of 364 assays
 using the EYTEX standard assay, membrane partition assay,
 rapid membrane assay and upright membrane assay protocols have
 been collated against the problem areas for each method. These
 assays were performed on a collection of 18 pure surfactant
 raw materials and also on blends of surfactants. The results
 for 18 surfactants are reviewed according to surfactant type
 and interpreted with reference to the concentration-response
 curve for each material. This paper describes the problem
 areas of inhibition, interference and negative optical
 densities associated with the non-qualification of EYTEX
 assays, and shows how they have been overcome. In conclusion,
 some guidelines for using a concentration-response assay are
 given, so that the optimum concentration for a dose-response
 assay for a new sample can be obtained with the minimum waste
 of time or reagents.
 
 
 176                                NAL Call. No.: Slide no.381
 Rabbits care and management in a laboratory setting.. 
 Rabbits, care and managment in a laboratory setting
 Harwell, James F.; Pucak, George
 University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources Seattle, WA : Produced and distributed
 by University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources,; 1990.
 47 slides : col. + 1 sound cassette (20 min.) + 1 guide.
 (Laboratory animal medicine and science. Series 2 ; V-9002). 
 Publication date on guide: 1991. Sound accompaniment
 compatible for manual and automatic operation.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rabbits as laboratory animals; Laboratory
 animals; Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  Covers importance of the environment, writing
 procedures for care and management to comply with the Animal
 Welfare Act and the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory
 Animals.
 
 
 177                                NAL Call. No.: Slide no.379
 Rabbits introduction to use in research..  Rabbits,
 introduction to use in research
 Van Hoosier, G. L.; DiGiacomo, R. F.
 University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources Seattle, WA : produced and distributed
 by University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources,; 1990.
 46 slides : col. + 1 sound cassette (19 min.) + 1 guide.
 (Laboratory animal medicine and science. Series 2 ; V-9001). 
 Publication date on guide: 1991. Sound accompaniment
 compatible for automatic and manual operation.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rabbits as laboratory animals; Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  Presents laws and guidelines, historical use in
 research and testing, development of alternatives, attributes
 as research animals, recognition of pain and disease, and
 signs and significance of common diseases.
 
 
 178                                  NAL Call. No.: QH442.G393
 Recent developments in animal patenting.
 Matthews, K.I.
 Cambridge, Mass. : Council for Responsible Genetics; 1993 Mar.
 Genewatch v. 8 (5/6): p. 5; 1993 Mar.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Livestock; Genetic engineering;
 Recombinant  DNA; Laboratory animals; Mice; Transgenic
 animals; Patents; Legislation
 
 
 179                             NAL Call. No.: TS1960.G73 1991
 Recommended animal handling guidelines for meat packers.
 Grandin, Temple
 Washington, DC : American Meat Institute, [1991?]; 1991.
 21 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Slaughtering and slaughter-houses; Livestock;
 Animal welfare
 
 
 180                           NAL Call. No.: 7 C16Pu no.1853/E
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of
 dairy cattle. Canadian Federation of Humane Societies, Canada,
 Agriculture Canada Ottawa, Ont. : Available from
 Communications Branch, Agriculture Canada; 1990. 41 p. ; 23
 cm. (Agriculture Canada publication ; 1853/E).  Produced by
 Research Program Service.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Dairy cattle--Dairy cattle
 
 
 181                              NAL Call. No.: S494.5.B563N33
 The regulation of genetically engineered animals: going from
 bad to worse. Mellon, M.
 Ithaca, N.Y. : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council;
 1992. NABC report / (4): p. 165-169; 1992.  In the series
 analytic: Animal biotechnology: opportunities and challenges. 
 Proceedings of the fourth annual NABC meeting, May 1992,
 College Station, Texas.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Genetic engineering; Regulations;
 Animal experiments
 
 
 182                                   NAL Call. No.: aQL55.B36
 Regulations and requirements.
 Bennett, B.T.
 Beltsville, Md. : USDA, National Agricultural Library; 1990
 Apr. Essentials for animal research : a primer for research
 personnel / by B.T. Bennett, M.J. Brown and J.C. Schofield. p.
 1-12; 1990 Apr.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Laboratory animals; Animal research;
 Animal welfare; Regulations; Legislation; Private
 organizations; Accreditation
 
 
 183                                NAL Call. No.: QL737.C22C36
 Regulations for canine well-being in Canada.
 Rowsell, H.C.
 Bethesda, MD : Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Canine research environment / edited by Joy A. Mench and Lee
 Krulisch. p. 11-18; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented at a conference
 held by the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, June 22,
 1989, Bethesda, Md.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Canada; Dogs--animal welfare--laboratory animals-
 -legislation
 
 
 184                            NAL Call. No.: aHV4764.U53 1992
 Regulatory enforcement and animal care policy manual.
 United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
 Regulatory Enforcement and Animal Care
 Hyattsville, Md.? : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Animal and
 Plant Health Inspection Service, Regulatory Enforcement and
 Animal Care,; 1992; A 101.8:An 5/2.
 1 v. (various pagings) : ill., map ; [1992].  Cover title. 
 Shipping list no.: 92-0382-P.  May 1992.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 185                                NAL Call. No.: QL737.C22C36
 Regulatory requirements for exercise of dogs.
 Schwindaman, D.F.
 Bethesda, MD : Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Canine research environment / edited by Joy A. Mench and Lee
 Krulisch. p. 3-10; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented at a conference
 held by the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, June 22,
 1989, Bethesda, Md. Question and answer session p. 8-10.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Dogs--animal welfare--exercise--
 regulations--laboratory animals
 
 
 186                                  NAL Call. No.: Z7994.L3A5
 Report and recommendations of an international workshop on
 promotion of the regulatory acceptance of validated non-animal
 toxicity test procedures. Balls, M.; Botham, P.; Cordier, A.;
 Fumero, S.; Kayser, D.; Koeter, H.; Koundakjian, P.;
 Lindquist, N.G.; Meyer, O.; Pioda, L.
 Nottingham : Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical
 Experiments; 1990 Nov.
 Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA v. 18: p. 339-344;
 1990 Nov. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal testing alternatives; Acceptability;
 Validity
 
 
 187                                  NAL Call. No.: QD415.A1X4
 Report of the Validation and Technology Transfer committee of
 the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing.
 Framework for validation and implementation of in vitro
 toxicity tests.
 Goldberg, A.M.; Frazier, J.M.; Brusick, D.; Dickens, M.S.;
 Flint, O.; Gettings, S.D.; Hill, R.N.; Lipnick, R.L.;
 Renskers, K.J.; Bradlaw, J.A. London : Taylor & Francis, 1971-
 ; 1993 May.
 Xenobiotica v. 23 (5): p. 563-572; 1993 May.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: In vitro; Animal models; In vitro culture;
 Methodology
 
 Abstract:  The development and application of in vitro
 alternatives designed to reduce or replace the use of animals,
 or to lessen the distress and discomfort of laboratory
 animals, is a rapidly developing trend in toxicology. However,
 at present there is no formal administrative process to
 organize, coordinate, or evaluate validation activities. A
 framework capable of fostering the validation of new methods
 is essential for the effective transfer of new technological
 developments from the research laboratory into practical use.
 This committee has identified four essential validation
 resources: chemical bank(s), cell and tissue banks, a data
 bank, and reference laboratories. The creation of a Scientific
 Advisory Board composed of experts in the various aspects and
 endpoints of toxicity testing, and representing the academic,
 industrial and regulatory communities, is recommended. Test
 validation acceptance is contingent upon broad buy-in by
 disparate groups in the scientific community--academics,
 industry and government. This is best achieved by early and
 frequent communication among parties and agreement upon common
 goals. It is hoped that the creation of a validation
 infrastructure composed of the elements described in this
 report will facilitate scientific acceptance and utilization
 of alternative methodologies and speed implementation of
 replacement, reduction and refinement alternatives in toxicity
 testing.
 
 
 188                           NAL Call. No.: SF407.P7R86  1992
 Research protocol & technician's manual a guide to the care,
 feeding, & evaluation of infant monkeys..  Research protocol
 and technician's manual, 2nd ed..
 Ruppenthal, Gerald C.; Sackett, Gene P.
 University of Washington, Infant Primate Research Laboratory
 Seattle, Wash. : Infant Primate Research Laboratory at the
 University of Washington,; 1992.
 83, [60] p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Primates; Primates as laboratory animals
 
 
 189                                     NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 Researchers' dilemma; scientists applaud the law but admit
 privately that it is difficult to put into practice.
 Birke, L.; Michael, M.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1992 Apr04.
 New scientist v. 134 (1815): p. 25-28; 1992 Apr04.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: England; Animal welfare; Animal experiments;
 Legislation; Public opinion
 
 
 190                           NAL Call. No.: KF27.A33277 1992a
 Review of U.S. Department of Agriculture's enforcement of the
 Animal Welfare Act, specifically of animals used in
 exhibitions hearing before the Subcommittee on Department
 Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture of the Committee
 on Agriculture, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second
 Congress, second session, July 8, 1992..  Review of US
 Department of Agriculture's enforcement of the Animal Welfare
 Act, specifically of animals used in exhibitions
 United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture.
 Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign
 Agriculture
 Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt.
 of Docs., Congressional Sales Office,; 1992; Y 4.Ag
 8/1:102-75.
 iii, 1071 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.  Distributed to some depository
 libraries in microfiche.  Shipping list no.: 92-0571-P. 
 Serial no. 102-75.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Working animals; Captive wild
 animals
 
 
 191                           NAL Call. No.: SF407.R6R63  1994
 Rodents and rabbits current research issues : proceedings of a
 conference sponsored by SCAW and WARDS held in Washington,
 D.C. on May 21, 1993. Niemi, Steven M.; Venable, Joseph S.;
 Guttman, Helene N.
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Working with Animals
 Used in Research, Drugs, and Surgery
 Greenbelt, MD (7833 Walker Dr., Suite 340, Greenbelt 20770) :
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare ; Washington, DC (1660 L
 St. N.W., #612, Washington 20036) : WARDS,; 1994.
 iii, 81 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  Includes bibliographical
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rodents as laboratory animals; Rabbits as
 laboratory animals; Animal experimentation; Animal welfare
 
 
 192                        NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.967
 Rodents basic needs, handling and care.
 Hamm, Thomas E.
 American College of Toxicology, Meeting_1990 :_Orlando,
 Fla.),Production Plus, Inc
 Symposium: Animal Welfare Compliance for Study Directors 1990
 : Orlando, Fla. Closter, N.J. : Production Plus, Inc.,
 [1990?]; 1990.
 1 videocassette (18 min., 21 sec.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in.  VHS. 
 Videotape of a presentation at Symposium: Animal Welfare
 Compliance for Study Directors; presented at the Eleventh
 Annual Meeting of the American College of Toxicology, Orlando,
 Fla., Oct. 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rodents as laboratory animals--Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  Training video for research personnel which
 includes a discussion of animal shipping, identification,
 viral disease monitoring, confinement caging, water, bedding
 and environment for rodents. Guidelines for determining when
 euthanasia is appropriate are provided.
 
 
 193                                    NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 Role of breeding regulation laws in solving the dog and cat
 overpopulation problem.
 Sturla, K.
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1993 Mar15.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 202
 (6): p. 928-932; 1993 Mar15.  Paper presented at the "AVMA
 Animal Welfare Forum: Overpopulation of unwanted dogs and
 cats," Nov 6, 1992, Chicago, Illinois.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Dogs; Cats; Population control;
 Overpopulation; Animal breeding; Regulations
 
 
 194                                  NAL Call. No.: 412.9 N814
 The role of the federal government in humane treatment of
 captive wildlife. Garbe, J.A.L.; Wywialowski, A.
 Washington, D.C. : Wildlife Management Institute; 1991.
 Transactions of the ... North American Wildlife and Natural
 Resources Conference (56th): p. 372-376; 1991.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Wildlife; Animal welfare; Capture of
 animals; Federal government; Legislation; Natural resources;
 Usda
 
 
 195                                      NAL Call. No.: Q1.S37
 Ruling on lab rodents could reduce oversight of all animal
 sites. Mervis, J.
 Philadelphia, Pa. : Institute for Scientific Information :.;
 1992 Feb17. The scientist v. 6 (4): p. 3, 10; 1992 Feb17.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal experiments; Animal welfare; Usda;
 Regulation
 
 
 196                                NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 S.544.
 Heflin, H.
 Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library, AWIC; 1992
 Jul. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 3 (3): p.
 1, 7-8; 1992 Jul.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal experiments; Legislation
 
 
 197                                      NAL Call. No.: Q1.S37
 Scientists doubtful about new law aiming to protect animal
 research facilities.
 Kaufman, R.
 Philadelphia, Pa. : Institute for Scientific Information; 1992
 Oct26. The scientist v. 6 (21): p. 1, 5; 1992 Oct26.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Animal experiments; Legislation;
 Vandalism
 
 
 198                                     NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 The secret world of animal experiments.
 Hampson, J.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1992 Apr11.
 New scientist v. 134 (1816): p. 24-27; 1992 Apr11.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experiments; Animal welfare; Ethics;
 Legislation
 
 
 199                                   NAL Call. No.: SF951.J65
 Shocking docking: mutilation before education?.
 Cregier, S.E.
 Lake Elsinore, Calif. : William E. Jones, DVM; 1990 Jul.
 Journal of equine veterinary science v. 10 (4): p. 252-255;
 1990 Jul. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Horses--tail--docking--animal welfare--law
 
 
 200                                   NAL Call. No.: 410.9 P94
 Social interaction in nonhuman primates: an underlying theme
 for primate research.
 Novak, M.A.; Suomi, S.J.
 Cordova, Tenn. : American Association for Laboratory Animal
 Science; 1991 Aug. Laboratory animal science v. 41 (4): p.
 308-314; 1991 Aug.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Primates; Social interaction; Animal experiments;
 Animal housing; Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  Social living is assumed to be a critical feature
 of nonhuman primate existence inasmuch as most primate species
 live in social groups in nature. Recent USDA legislation
 emphasizes the importance of social contact in promoting
 psychological well-being and recommends that laboratory
 primates be housed with companions when consistent with
 research protocols. Our goals were to examine the link between
 social housing and psychological well-being and to explore the
 idea that research may be compromised when primates are
 studied in environments that vary too greatly from their
 natural ecological setting (individual cage housing versus
 group housing). Three general points emerge from these
 examinations. First, providing companionship may be a very
 potent way in which to promote psychological well-being in
 nonhuman primates; however, social living is not synonymous
 with well-being. The extent to which social housing promotes
 psychological well-being can vary across species and among
 individual members of the same species (for example, high- and
 low-ranking monkeys). Secondly, housing conditions can affect
 research outcomes in that group-housed animals may differ from
 individually housed animals in response to some manipulation.
 Social interaction may be a significant variable in regulating
 the biobehavioral responses of nonhuman primates to
 experimental manipulations. Finally, a larger number of
 socially housed subjects than individually housed subjects
 maybe necessary for some biomedical research projects to yield
 adequate data analysis. Thus, social living has significant
 benefits and some potential costs not only for the animals
 themselves, but for the research enterprise.
 
 
 201                                   NAL Call. No.: 410.9 P94
 A social tethering system for nonhuman primates used in
 laboratory research. Coelho, A.M. Jr; Carey, K.D.
 Cordova, Tenn. : American Association for Laboratory Animal
 Science; 1990 Jul. Laboratory animal science v. 40 (4): p.
 388-394; 1990 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Primates--tethered housing--catheters--cages--
 social behavior--monitoring--sampling--physiological
 functions--animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  A housing and tether system was designed to permit
 sampling of body fluids, chronic monitoring of physiologic
 parameters (e.g. blood pressure, heart rate), performance of
 species typical behavioral interactions (aggression,
 affiliation, reproduction, etc), physical exercise (work on a
 motorized treadmill), assessment of water and diet
 consumption, as well as feces and urine collection. The system
 provided primates with the opportunity to engage in species
 typical social behavior and thereby minimized conditions which
 have been identified as contributing to the development of
 abnormal behaviors associated with individual housing. The
 system consisted of two parts: (a) a specialized cage system
 for housing small social groups of primates and (b) a tether
 and indwelling catheter system. Each modular system permitted
 four adult baboons (Papio cynocephalus anubis) to be tethered
 and housed in a social group. Each cage was 2.44 X 2.44 X 1.22
 m (L X W X H) and could be subdivided by means of woven wire
 wall partitions. The tether system consisted of a backpack, a
 cloth jacket, a stainless-steel flexible cable containing
 electrical cables and catheters, and a saline infusion pump
 mounted on top of the cage. The system provides laboratory
 primates with the ability to socially interact with other
 nonhuman primates. The social cage tether system represents an
 example of a housing environment which could conform to both
 the letter and spirit of the new animal welfare legislation
 and still remain compatible with the objective of obtaining
 scientific data.
 
 
 202                                      NAL Call. No.: 10 OU8
 A socio-economic perspective on animal welfare.
 McInerney, J.
 Oxon : C.A.B. International; 1991.
 Outlook on agriculture v. 20 (1): p. 51-56; 1991.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare--animal production--food
 prices--law--livestock--socioeconomic status
 
 
 203                                   NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L3
 Source of information in heart research 1978 and 1988.
 Lekven, J.
 London : Royal Society of Medicine Services; 1991 Apr.
 Laboratory animals v. 25 (2): p. 162-167; 1991 Apr.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experiments; Medical research; Heart;
 Regulations; Animal testing alternatives
 
 Abstract:  Several regulatory provisions have been introduced
 during the last decade that might interfere with the conduct
 of experimental medical science. In order to study their
 impact on the source of information within one major field,
 heart research, a total of 3579 abstracts from the 1978 and
 1988 Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association
 were analysed with respect to their source of information.
 There was no change in overall fractions of classical patient
 studies (45%) or experimental animal studies (30%) for the 2
 years although regulations have been introduced in both areas.
 There was no evidence that the volume of circulatory
 physiology, a subset that extensively utilizes animal
 experimentation, declined relative to other subsets of the
 composite information base. The fraction of cell culture
 studies clearly rose over the period at the expense of in
 vitro laboratory studies but not as replacement for animal
 experimentation. Particularly tight regulations on experiments
 with selected species apparently explains why dogs and cats
 are less frequently used relative to rats, rabbits, ferrets
 and pigs which represent the alternatives. Nevertheless, the
 absolute number of dog studies doubled over the 10-year period
 and this species still remains the most widely used
 experimental model in heart research. The study does not
 reveal directly what is actually performed within the research
 community but rather identifies the source of information for
 those studies that are considered to bring about pertinent new
 information in modern heart research.
 
 
 204                        NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.969
 Sources of information on animal research legislation and
 animal welfare Robin C. Guy.
 Guy, Robin C.
 American College of Toxicology, Meeting_1990 :_Orlando,
 Fla.),Production Plus, Inc
 Symposium: Animal Welfare Compliance for Study Directions 1990
 : Orlando, Fla. Closter, N.J. : Production Plus, Inc.,
 [1990?]; 1990.
 1 videocassete (14 min., 18 sec.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in.  VHS. 
 Videotape of a presentation at Symposium: Animal Welfare
 Compliance for Study Directors; presented at the Eleventh
 Annual Meeting of the American College of Toxicology, Orlando,
 Fla., Oct. 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 Abstract:  The sources of information for animal welfare
 legislation, educational materials, databases, alternatives
 and animal research advocacy are described and addresses
 provided. Includes information on organizations such as AALAS,
 AAALAC, AWIC, ILAR, SCAW, CAAT, FRAME, NABR, FBR, iiFAR and
 others.
 
 
 205                                  NAL Call. No.: HV4701.A35
 Spiders and snakes and carp. Oh, my!.
 Englewood, Colo. : American Humane Association, Animal
 Protection Division; 1994.
 Advocate v. 12 (2): p. 20-21; 1994.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Acting; Guidelines; Fishes;
 Insects; Arachnida; Snakes
 
 
 206                            NAL Call. No.: SF405.F8S72 1991
 Standard guidelines for the operation of fox farms in the
 United States. Fur Farm Animal Welfare Coalition
 St. Paul, Minn. : Fur Farm Animal Welfare Coalition,; 1991. 19
 p. ; 23 x 11 cm.  Cover title.  February 1991.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Foxes; Fur farming; Animal welfare
 
 
 207                             NAL Call. No.: KF3841.S73 1991
 State laws concerning the use of animals in research., 3rd
 ed.. National Association for Biomedical Research (U.S.)
 Washington, D.C. : NABR,; 1991.
 83 p. ; 28 cm.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal welfare; Laboratories
 
 
 208                                  NAL Call. No.: SB950.A1V4
 The status of the steel trap in North America.
 Glass, J.H.
 Davis, Calif. : University of California; 1990 Jul.
 Proceedings ... Vertebrate Pest Conference (14th): p. 252-254;
 1990 Jul. Meeting held March 6-8, 1990, Sacramento,
 California.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North America; Animal welfare--furbearing
 animals--furs--legislation--trapping--traps
 
 
 209                            NAL Call. No.: QL751.6.S75 1993
 Stereotypic animal behaviour fundamentals and applications to
 welfare. Lawrence, Alistair B.; Rushen, Jeffrey
 Wallingford [England] ; Tuscon, Ariz. : CAB International,;
 1993. x, 212 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.  Includes bibliographical
 references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal behavior; Animal welfare; Stereotyped
 behavior (Psychiatry)
 
 
 210                             NAL Call. No.: HV4931.R45 1992
 Stolen for profit how the medical establishment is funding a
 national pet-theft conspiracy.
 Reitman, Judith
 New York : Pharos Books,; 1992.
 xiv, 258 p., [4] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm.  Includes index.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experimentation; Pet theft; Laboratory
 animals
 
 
 211                              NAL Call. No.: SF403.5.E86S78
 Study into the legal, technical and animal welfare aspects of
 fur farming. Commission of the European Communities
 Luxembourg : Office for Official Publications of the European
 Communities; 1991.
 111 p. ; 30 cm. (Deadline 92, a frontier-free Europe; Document
 / Commission of the European Communities).  Catalogue no.:
 CM-60-91-935-EN-C.  Contract no. 3814/12.  Date: July 1990.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Fur farming--Animal industry
 
 
 212                     NAL Call. No.: NBUSF403.5 E86 S78 1991
 Study into the legal, technical and animal welfare aspects of
 fur farming. Commission of the European Communities
 Luxembourg : Office for Official Publications of the European
 Communities; 1991.
 111 p. ; 30 cm. (Deadline 92, a frontier-free Europe; Document
 (Commission of the European Communities)).  Catalogue no.:
 CM-60-91-935-EN-C.  Contract no. 3814/12.  Date: July 1990.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Fur farming--Animal industry
 
 
 213                        NAL Call. No.: KJC6237.A36S86  1992
 Summary of legislation relative to animal welfare at the
 levels of the European Community and the Council of Europe.,
 Rev..
 Eurogroup for Animal Welfare
 Brussels : The Group,; 1992.
 3 v. ; 30 cm.  September 1992.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare
 
 
 214                          NAL Call. No.: ArUKF1730.W55 1991
 Sustainable agriculture and the U.S. cattle industry an
 examination of laws, production practices and research
 studies.
 Wilder, Julia R.
 1991; 1991.
 i, 288 leaves ; 28 cm.  "December 1991"--T.p.  Includes
 bibliographical references (p. 214-285).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture; Animal industry;
 Agricultural laws and legislation
 
 
 215                                     NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 Swiss back animal research by a whisker.
 Toro, T.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1992 Feb22.
 New scientist v. 133 (1809): p. 11; 1992 Feb22.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Switzerland; Animal experiments; Animal welfare;
 Legislation
 
 
 216                                     NAL Call. No.: QL55.I5
 The symbiosis of legislation and of voluntary control--the
 Canadian experience.
 Rowsell, H.C.
 Sussex : The Institute; 1991 Apr.
 Animal technology : journal of the Institute of Animal
 Technology v. 42 (1): p. 1-10; 1991 Apr.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Canada; Animal experiments; Laboratory animals;
 Teaching; Training; Testing; Legislation; Regulations; Animal
 welfare
 
 
 217                                      NAL Call. No.: 49 J82
 Teaching animal welfare in the land grant universities.
 Friend, T.H.
 Champaign, Ill. : American Society of Animal Science; 1990
 Oct. Journal of animal science v. 68 (10): p. 3462-3467; 1990
 Oct.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Teaching; Curriculum;
 Agricultural colleges; Bioethics; History; Legislation
 
 
 218                                      NAL Call. No.: 49 J82
 Teaching standard agricultural practices that are known to be
 painful. McGlone, J.J.; Hicks, T.A.
 Champaign, Ill. : American Society of Animal Science; 1993
 Apr. Journal of animal science v. 71 (4): p. 1071-1074; 1993
 Apr.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare; Teaching; Pain; Stress;
 Castration
 
 Abstract:  Animal science faculty teach, demonstrate, and ask
 students to perform procedures that are known to be painful.
 Potentially painful procedures include castration, branding,
 dehorning, ear notching, teeth clipping, beak trimming, comb
 and wattle removal, and tail docking. In each case, the degree
 of pain experienced by an animal is generally not known.
 Furthermore, the consequences of animals having to endure pain
 are also not fully understood. A survey was conducted of
 animal science faculty to identify current departmental
 policies and practices related to castration in beef and swine
 production classes. Departments vary in what they require of
 students. Departments should set a policy to address 1) which
 (and how) potentially painful procedures are taught and 2) how
 the faculty deal with students who refuse to participate in
 putatively painful procedures. The institutional animal care
 and use committee should approve potentially painful teaching
 procedures after instructor and department have concluded that
 teaching such procedures is essential to a complete
 educational experience.
 
 
 219                                  NAL Call. No.: HV4764.T53
 Theft of dogs and cats report, 1976-1990.
 Action 81 Inc
 Berryville, Va. : Action 81 Inc., [1990?]; 1990.
 1 v. (unpaged) : ill. ; 28 cm.  Cover title.  Includes
 bibliographical references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal welfare--United States; Larceny--United
 States; Dogs--Law and legislation--United States; Cats--Law
 and legislation--United States; Dogs as laboratory animals;
 Cats as laboratory animals
 
 
 220                                NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.D4J6
 Towards committed and collaborative camelid research.
 Wilson, R.T.
 London, New York, Academic Press; 1994 Jan.
 Journal of arid environments v. 26 (1): p. 95-103; 1994 Jan. 
 In the special issue: Proceedings of the First Research
 Coordination Meeting of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear
 Techniques in Food and Agriculture's Interregional Coordinated
 Programme for Improving the Productivity of Camelids held at
 the Institut Agronomique et Veterinaire Hassan II, Rabat,
 Morocco, 17-21 June, 1991 / edited by R.T. Wilson.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Dromedaries; Camels; Alpacas; Llamas; Vicunas;
 Agricultural research; Research policy; Research support;
 Animal husbandry; Animal production
 
 
 221                                  NAL Call. No.: RA1190.R42
 Toxicological considerations for protein components of
 biological pesticide products.
 Sjoblad, R.D.; McClintock, J.T.; Engler, R.
 Orlando, Fla. : Academic Press; 1992 Feb.
 Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP v. 15 (1): p.
 3-9; 1992 Feb. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Microbial pesticides; Microbial proteins;
 Toxicity; Taxonomy; Manufacture; Testing; Quality controls;
 Guidelines; Federal government
 
 Abstract:  The toxicity of protein components of microbial
 pesticide products is evaluated at EPA by requiring that
 pesticide manufacturers conduct a thorough taxonomic
 evaluation of the active microbial ingredient. The requirement
 for acute toxicity testing by dosing laboratory animals with
 the active microbial ingredient and with fermentation growth
 medium materials provides additional information on the
 toxicity of protein components of microbial pesticides. The
 potential for toxicity from proteins associated with
 contaminating organisms is addressed by use of appropriate
 quality control procedures to minimize or prevent growth of
 contaminants and by screening of fermentation batches for
 known human/mammalian pathogens. These considerations also
 would apply to any biochemical pesticide that is formed via
 the growth of a microorganism. If a protein itself is intended
 for commercial use as an active pesticide ingredient, acute
 exposure studies and in vitro digestibility studies could be
 done to answer potential concerns regarding toxicity.
 
 
 222                                     NAL Call. No.: QL55.I5
 Training in laboratory animal medicine and science: the
 Canadian situation. McLaughlin, S.
 Sussex : The Institute; 1990 Dec.
 Animal technology : journal of the Institute of Animal
 Technology v. 41 (3): p. 181-190; 1990 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Canada; Technical training--veterinary
 education--technicians--veterinarians--research workers--
 laboratory animals
 
 Abstract:  Education of technicians, investigators and
 laboratory animal veterinarians is a matter of increasing
 concern in Canada. Three basic training models exist for
 technicians: full-time college programs, in-house courses and
 a cooperative venture involving a community college (St.
 Lawrence, Kingston) and participating laboratory animal
 facilities coast-to-coast across Canada. CALAS/ACTAL maintains
 a technician registry. Training of investigators is all done
 currently in-house. In some universities, this training is
 mandatory. The CCAC syllabus provides guidelines for such
 training courses. Currently there is not a registry for
 investigators. There are limited opportunities in Canada for
 postdoctoral training in laboratory animal medicine for
 veterinarians. The situation is under review by CALAM which is
 conducting a needs assessment. Canadian laboratory animal
 veterinarians seeking recognition for specialised training
 must do so currently by writing to the Board examination of
 the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM).
 
 
 223                            NAL Call. No.: SF407.P7T49 1991
 Translating research into workable regulations., 1st ed.;.
 Bennett, B.T.
 Washington, DC : American Psychological Association ;; 1991.
 Through the looking glass: issues of psychological well-being
 in captive nonhuman primates / edited by Melinda A. Novak and
 Andrew J. Petto. p. 191-196; 1991.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Primates; Animal welfare; Regulations
 
 
 224                            NAL Call. No.: HV4725.U5L4 1990
 Trapping and poisoning., 4th ed.
 Liss, C.
 Washington, D.C. : Animal Welfare Institute; 1990.
 Animals and their legal rights : a survey of American laws
 from 1641 to 1990 / with chapters by the Animal and Plant
 Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of
 Agriculture ... [et al.].. p. 157-189; 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Furbearing animals; Wild animals;
 Trapping; Poisoning; Capture of animals; Animal welfare; Law
 
 
 225                        NAL Call. No.: HE9788.4.A55A54 1990
 U.S. Agriculture Policy in the 1990's.
 Smith, J.A.R.
 Dallas, Tex.? : The Association; 1990.
 Conference proceedings : Animal Transportation Association,
 April 22-25, 1990, 16th International Conference. p. 12-15;
 1990.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural policy--trade policy--
 livestock--transport of animals--animal welfare
 
 
 226                                   NAL Call. No.: LB2300.C5
 U.S. eases proposed regulations on care of laboratory animals;
 researchers are relieved, but welfare groups are critical.
 Myers, C.
 Washington, D.C. : Chronicle of higher education :.; 1990
 Sep05. The chronicle of higher education v. 37 (1): p. A20,
 A26; 1990 Sep05.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare; Animal experiments; Usda;
 Regulations
 
 
 227                                NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 U.S. Food and Drug Administration animal use in testing FDA-
 regulated products.
 Beltsville, Md. : National Agricultural Library, AWIC; 1993
 Apr. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 4 (2): p.
 14; 1993 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal experiments; New products;
 Testing; Government organizations
 
 
 228                                      NAL Call. No.: Q1.S37
 U.S. officials defend animal research.
 Mervis, J.
 Philadelphia, Pa. : Institute for Scientific Information :.;
 1990 Jan08. The scientist v. 4 (1): p. 1, 4, 33; 1990 Jan08.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal experiments--animal welfare--
 ethics--legislation
 
 
 229                              NAL Call. No.: S494.5.B563N33
 USDA regulation of animal biotechnology.
 Frydenlund, J.E.
 Ithaca, N.Y. : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council;
 1992. NABC report / (4): p. 149-155; 1992.  In the series
 analytic: Animal biotechnology: opportunities and challenges. 
 Proceedings of the fourth annual NABC meeting, May 1992,
 College Station, Texas.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Animal experiments; Biotechnology;
 Usda; Regulations
 
 
 230                                   NAL Call. No.: SF406.U84
 The Use of animals at Cornell University a policies and
 procedures manual. Cornell University, Center for Research
 Animal Resources
 Ithaca, N.Y.? : Cornell University, [1990?]-; 1990-9999.
 1 v. (loose-leaf) : ill. ; 30 cm.  "Center for Research Animal
 Resources is responsible for developing this manual, updating
 and supplementing it as necessary, ... "--P. [5].  Includes
 bibliographical references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals--Animal experimentation--
 Animal welfare--Animal models in research
 
 
 231                                  NAL Call. No.: 448.9 AM37
 Use of animals in medical education.
 Chicago, Ill. : The Association; 1991 Aug14.
 JAMA : Journal of the American Medical Association v. 266 (6):
 p. 836-837; 1991 Aug14.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experiments--medical education--animal
 models--animal testing alternatives--policy--ethics
 
 
 232                             NAL Call. No.: HV4928.U84 1992
 Using animals in intramural research guidelines for
 investigators. NIH Animal Care and Use Committee, NIH Training
 Center (U.S.) Bethesda, Md.? : NIH Animal Care and Use
 Committee : NIH Training Center,; 1992; HE 20.3008:AN 5/3/992.
 1 v. (various pagings) : ill. ; 28 cm.  Cover title.  Shipping
 list no.: 92-0682-P.  Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Animal experimentation;
 Animal welfare
 
 
 233                                NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 Validation of in vitro methods: regulatory issues.
 Wilcox, N.L.
 Beltsville, MD : National Agricultural Library, AWIC, 1990-;
 1994. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 5 (2):
 p. 1-2, 9-10; 1994. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Cabt; Animal testing alternatives;
 Validity; Regulations; Government organizations
 
 
 234                             NAL Call. No.: KF27.A366 1989a
 Veal Calf Protection Act joint hearing before the Subcommittee
 on Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry and the Subcommittee on
 Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture of
 the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, One
 Hundred First Congress, first session, on H.R. 84, June 6,
 1989.
 United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture.
 Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry; United States,
 Congress, House, Committee on Agriculture, Subcommittee on
 Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture
 Washington [D.C.] : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of
 Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O.; 1990; Y 4.Ag
 8/1:101-18. iv, 481 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.  Distributed to some
 depository libraries in microfiche.  Serial no. 101-18. 
 Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Calves--Government policy--United States; Veal--
 Standards--United States; Agricultural laws and legislation--
 United States; Animal industry--Law and legislation--United
 States
 
 
 235                              NAL Call. No.: DISS  F1993222
 Vergleich der Tierschutzgesetzgebung in Deutschland und in der
 Schweiz (unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der Geschichte des
 Schweizer Tierschutzes, der Probleme im Vollzug und der
 Verbesserungsmoglichkeiten fur den deutschen Tierschutz) 
 [Comparison of animal welfare legislation in Switzerland and
 in Germany with special consideration of the history of Swiss
 animal welfare, problems in the penal system and possibilities
 for improving animal protection in Germany].
 Bonning, Ute
 Hannover : [s.n.],; 1993.
 139 p. : ill., maps ; 21 cm.  Summary in English.  Includes
 bibliographical references (p. 128-139).
 
 Language:  German
 
 
 236                                     NAL Call. No.: 472 N42
 Victorian values and animal rights.
 Elston, M.
 London, Eng. : New Science Publications; 1992 May23.
 New scientist v. 134 (1822): p. 28-31; 1992 May23.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal experiments; Animal welfare; Legislation;
 History
 
 
 237                                    NAL Call. No.: 41.8 AM3
 The vital link: veterinarians in biomedical research and
 laboratory animal care.
 Whitney, R.A. Jr
 Schaumburg, Ill. : The Association; 1991 Apr15.
 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association v. 198
 (8): p. 1385-1389; 1991 Apr15.  Paper presented at the "AVMA
 Animal Welfare Forum: Enhancing Wellness in Animals and
 People," Nov. 9, 1990. Chicago, Illinois. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Laboratory animals--veterinarians--animal
 welfare--animal experiments--veterinary medicine--law
 
 
 238                                NAL Call. No.: aHV4701.A952
 Welfare concerns for farm animals used in agricultural and
 biomedical research and teaching.
 Swanson, J.C.
 Beltsville, MD : National Agricultural Library, AWIC, 1990-;
 1994. Animal Welfare Information Center newsletter v. 5 (1):
 p. 2-4; 1994.  In the special issue: Farm animals in research
 and teaching.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Livestock; Animal welfare; Agricultural research;
 Medical research; Teaching materials; Accountability;
 Guidelines
 
 
 239                            NAL Call. No.: QL83.4.W45  1992
 Welfare guidelines for the re-introduction of captive bred
 mammals to the wild.
 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, International
 Academy of Animal Welfare Sciences
 Potters Bar, [England] : Universities Federation for Animal
 Welfare,; 1992. 10 p. ; 21 cm.  Includes bibliographical
 references (p. 9-10).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wildlife reintroduction; Captive mammals;
 Wildlife conservation; Animal welfare
 
 
 240                             NAL Call. No.: HV4704.W38 1990
 The Well-being of agricultural animals in biomedical and
 agricultural research proceedings from a SCAW-sponsored
 conference, Agricultural Animals in Research, held September
 6-7, 1990 in Washington, D.C., with additional material
 provided by the authors..  Well being of agricultural animals
 in biomedical and agricultural research
 Mench, Joy A.; Mayer, Stephen J.; Krulisch, Lee
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (Washington, D.C.),
 Animal Welfare Information Center (U.S.)
 Bethesda, MD : Scientists Center for Animal Welfare,; 1992.
 viii, 112 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  February 1992.  The National
 Agricultural Library's Animal Welfare Information Center
 through Specific Cooperative agreement no. 58-32U4-0-36 helped
 make this publication possible.  Includes bibliographical
 references and index.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Laboratory animals; Livestock; Animal
 experimentation; Animal welfare
 
 
 241                                 NAL Call. No.: QL737.P9W44
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research: overview of the
 issues. Swenson, R.B.
 Bethesda, MD Scientists Center for Animal Welfare; 1990 Jan.
 Well-being of nonhuman primates in research / edited by Joy A.
 Mench and Lee Krulisch. p. 60-63; 1990 Jan.  Paper presented
 at a conference held by the Scientists Center for Animal
 Welfare, June 23, 1989, Bethesda, Md.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Animal welfare--laboratory animals--
 legislation
 
 
 242                                    NAL Call. No.: HM208.E5
 Whaling: a sustainable use of natural resources or a violation
 of animal rights?.
 Skare, M.
 Washington, D.C. : Heldref Publications; 1994 Sep.
 Environment v. 36 (7): p. 12-20, 30-31; 1994 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Norway; Cabt; Whales; Whale meat; Animal welfare;
 Sustainability; Policy; Moral values
 
 
 243                                  NAL Call. No.: SK357.A1W5
 Why do we debate animal rights?.
 Schmidt, R.H.
 Bethesda, Md. : The Society; 1990.
 Wildlife Society bulletin v. 18 (4): p. 459-461; 1990. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Animal welfare; Hunting; Regulations;
 Trapping; Wildlife management
 
 
 244                                   NAL Call. No.: QL55.A1L3
 Why modification of the LD50 test will not be enough.
 Balls, M.
 London : Royal Society of Medicine Services; 1991 Jul.
 Laboratory animals v. 25 (3): p. 198-206; 1991 Jul.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Uk; Animal testing alternatives; Animal
 experiments; Toxicity; Tests; European communities
 
 Abstract:  During the last 10 years, the 'Three Rs'
 (reduction, refinement and replacement) concept of
 alternatives has come to be widely accepted, and new national
 and international laws require that non-animal procedures
 should replace animal experimentation wherever possible. Some
 reduction and refinement of animal use in toxicity testing has
 been achieved, and nonanimal methods are becoming widely used
 as prescreens. However, even replacing the LD50 test by a
 modified and validated animal test, the Fixed Dose Procedure,
 will be a major achievement. In this paper it is argued that
 this is not good enough, and that more effort must be put into
 the development, validation, acceptance and use of genuine
 replacement alternative tests.
 
 

Go to: Author Index | Subject Index | Top of Document

Author Index

 ACT Department of Education and the Arts, Animal Ethics
 Committee 96
 Action 81 Inc 219
 American College of Toxicology, Meeting_1990 :_Orlando,
 Fla.),Production Plus, Inc 7, 19, 48, 192, 204
 Anderson, Dale L. 102
 Animal Welfare Information Center (U.S),National Agricultural
 Library
 (U.S.) 26
 Ascher, M.S. 155
 Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour, Animal Behavior
 Society 75
 Avanzino, R. 162
 Baik, M.G. 141
 Balls, M. 50, 186, 244
 Basu, P. 85
 Bateson, P. 39
 Bauston, G. 65
 Bayne, Kathryn 153
 Beary, B. 106
 Belcher, Brian 160, 161
 Bennett, B.T. 78, 182, 223
 Bidinotto, R.J. 143
 Bino, G. del 70
 Birbeck, A.L. 76
 Birke, L. 189
 Bloomsmith, M.A. 95
 Boast, Carol 125
 Bonning, Ute 235
 Bosland, M.C. 131
 Botham, P. 186
 Bradlaw, J.A. 187
 Brent, L.Y. 95
 Bridgeland, William 164
 Britz, W.E. Jr 43
 Broderson, J. Roger 152
 Brouwer, G. 128
 Brown, M.J. 94
 Brusick, D. 187
 Buckwell, A.C. 128
 Buntain, B. 87
 Bunyan, J. 128
 Butler, T.M. 105
 Canadian Council on Animal Care 93
 Canadian Federation of Humane Societies, Canada, Agriculture
 Canada 180
 Carey, K.D. 201
 Carlson, P. 91
 Choi, C.B. 141
 Clemmitt, M. 127
 Clingerman, Karen J. 25, 26, 28, 29
 Coelho, A.M. Jr 201
 Colvin, Tom L. 79
 Commission of the European Communities 211, 212
 Connolly, G. 57
 Cordier, A. 186
 Cordle, M.K. 3
 Cornell University, Center for Research Animal Resources 230
 Cotter, P.A. 42
 Countrywise Communication (Firm),Universities Federation for
 Animal Welfare 73
 Cox, K. 154
 Cregier, S.E. 199
 Cross, Brenda M. 93
 Daly, K. 72
 Dawkins, Marian Stamp 75
 Dent, N.J. 89
 Dickens, M.S. 187
 Dierauf, L.A. 67
 Dierauf, L.A. \u US House of Representatives on Merchant
 Marine and Fisheries, Washington, DC 66
 DiGiacomo, R. F. 177
 Douglass, A. 138
 Ehui, S. 135
 Elston, M. 236
 Engler, K. 21
 Engler, R. 221
 Eurogroup for Animal Welfare 213
 Ewald, Bruce H. 19
 Flint, O. 187
 Ford, J.J. 62
 Foundation Center 90
 Frazier, J.M. 187
 Friend, T.H. 217
 Frydenlund, J.E. 229
 Frye, Fredric L. 46
 Fumero, S. 186
 Fur Farm Animal Welfare Coalition 206
 Gallagher, S. 87
 Garbe, J.A.L. 194
 Garbe, Jo Anne L. 129
 Garner, Robert, 37
 Gavaghan, H. 12
 Gettings, S.D. 187
 Glass, J.H. 208
 Gleason, Sean J. 25, 26
 Goethals, F. 115
 Goldberg, A.M. 187
 Gosling, Morris 75
 Grandin, Temple 179
 Great Britain, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food 157
 Greeve, P. de 131
 Gregory, J.A. 128
 Gregory, N.G. 107
 Grier, Ronald L. 79
 Griffiths, P.H.M. 128
 Guaitani, A. 123
 Guttman, H. 5
 Guttman, Helene N. 100, 191
 Guy, Robin C. 204
 Haile, Suzanne 147
 Halverson, D. 15, 81, 83, 108
 Hamline University, Advanced Legal Education 4
 Hamm, Thomas E. 192
 Hampson, J. 198
 Hampson, J.E. 60
 Hannah, H.W. 18, 133, 167
 Harrison, R. 145
 Harrison, R.J. 155
 Harwell, James F. 176
 Hawkins, E. 156
 Hawtin, G. 160, 161
 Hays, S.M. 11
 Heflin, H. 196
 Hicks, T.A. 218
 Hill, R.N. 187
 Hodge, Guy R. 164
 Howard, B.R. 128
 Howard, H.J. 62
 Howley, P.M. 41
 Humane Society of the United States 164
 Hunt, R.D. 148
 Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (U.S.), Committee on
 Care and Use of
 Laboratory Animals 92
 Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (U.S.), Committee on
 Educational
 Programs in Laboratory Animal Science 69
 Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (U.S.), Committee on
 Infectious
 Diseases of Mice and Rats 51
 International Developement Research Center (Canada) 160
 International Development Research Center (Canada) 161
 International Livestock Centre for Africa 135
 Jones, H. 128
 Jones, Ron 136
 Kaufman, R. 197
 Kayser, D. 186
 Keeling, M.E. 103
 Keller, W.L. 141
 Kleinow, Kevin M. 47
 Koeter, H. 186
 Kohn, B. 139
 Kopecky, Lois N. 79
 Koundakjian, P. 186
 Kovacs, Ruth 147
 Krause, M. 8
 Krulisch, Lee 47, 111, 240
 Lawrence, Alistair B. 209
 Leavitt, E.S. 15, 49, 81, 106, 108
 Leavitt, Emily Stewart 34
 Lekven, J. 203
 Leonard, E.A. 171
 Lessley, B.E. 63
 Lindquist, N.G. 186
 Lipner, M. E. 135
 Lipnick, R.L. 187
 Liss, C. 224
 Lloyd, Maggie 101
 Loew, F.M. 35
 Loew, Franklin M.,_1939- 16
 Lyle, C.M. 59
 MacKenzie, D. 126
 Maerki, U. 53
 Marcus, E. 150
 Martin, C.G. 175
 Massey University, New Zealand Veterinary Association, State
 Veterinarians
 Branch, New Zealand Veterinary Association, Foundation for
 Continuing
 Education 20
 Masters, B. 85
 Matthews, K.I. 178
 Mayer, Stephen J. 240
 McClintock, J.T. 221
 McGlone, J.J. 218
 McGreal, S. 130
 McInerney, J. 202
 McLaughlin, S. 222
 McWilliam, A. Ann 93
 Meeker, D. 32
 Melcher, J. 54
 Mellon, M. 181
 Melvill, L.D. 113
 Mench, Joy A. 240
 Mervis, J. 195, 228
 Meyer, O. 186
 Michael, M. 189
 Miller, J. 173
 Miller, J.F. 42
 Millican, K.G. 128
 Millsaps, R. 2
 Morgan, Ronald L. 48
 Myers, C. 226
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.) 25, 27, 29, 30
 National Agricultural Library (U.S.),Animal Welfare
 Information Center
 (U.S.) 28
 National Association for Biomedical Research (U.S.) 207
 National Institutes of Health (U.S.) 116
 National Institutes of Health (U.S.), Office of Protection
 from Research Risks, NIH Office of Animal Care and Use 9
 Nebraska Food Animal Care Coalition 97
 New South Wales, Dept. of School Education 36
 Niemi, Steven M. 191
 NIH Animal Care and Use Committee, NIH Training Center (U.S.)
 232
 Nilsson, G. 40
 Novak, M.A. 200
 Nyberg, Cheryl 125
 O'Donnell, M.J. 156
 O'Donoghue, P.N. 77, 128
 Olfert, Ernest D. 93
 Olsen, M.W. 117
 Olson, K.E. 68
 Olson, Stan 147
 Orlans, F.B. 13
 Packham, C.J. 57
 Pardes, H. 163
 Park, C.S. 141
 Party, E. 112
 Patel, B. 85
 Pearson, P.T. 94
 Petersen, Gunner V. 20
 Pew Charitable Trusts 16
 Pincus, H.A. 163
 Pioda, L. 186
 Pohland, A.E. 144
 Porta, Maria A. 125
 Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (Association),
 Tufts University, School of Medicine, Tufts University, School
 of Veterinary Medicine 10
 Pucak, George 176
 Quimby, Fred W. 31
 Reinhardt, Christoph A. 6
 Reitman, Judith 210
 Renskers, K.J. 187
 Rich, B.A. 169
 Ritskes-Hoitinga, M. 131
 Roberfroid, M.B. 115
 Rollin, Bernard E. 129
 Rood, M. 142
 Rossbach, W. 53
 Rowan, Andrew N. 16
 Rowsell, H.C. 44, 45, 88, 183, 216
 Ruppenthal, Gerald C. 188
 Rushen, Jeffrey 209
 Sackett, Gene P. 188
 Schaeffer, Dorcas O. 47
 Schapiro, S.J. 95
 Scharmann, W. 114
 Schmidt, R.H. 243
 Schwartz, A. 166
 Schwindaman, D. 1
 Schwindaman, D.F. 170, 185
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (Bethesda, Md.),Wards,
 Inc 111
 
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (Washington, D.C.) 100
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (Washington, D.C.),
 Animal Welfare
 Information Center (U.S.) 240
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Louisiana State
 University (Baton Rouge, La.), School of Veterinary Medicine
 47
 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Working with Animals
 Used in Research, Drugs, and Surgery 191
 Seamer, John 31
 Segal, M. 119
 Shalev, M. \u Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 159
 Siemens, A. 132
 Silesia Companies, Inc 102
 Silverman, J. 110
 Sjoblad, R.D. 221
 Skare, M. 242
 Smith, C.P. 23, 24
 Smith, Cynthia P. 30
 Smith, Cynthia Petrie 27
 Smith, J.A.R. 225
 Smith, M.W. 122
 Smith, P.D. 52
 Stanley, V. 104
 Stenholm, C.W. 61, 174
 Stevens, C. 49, 64, 83, 118, 124, 140
 Sturla, K. 193
 Suomi, S.J. 200
 Swanson, J. 21
 Swanson, J.C. 22, 238
 Swanson, Janice C. 25, 26
 Sweeney, Noel 33
 Swenson, R.B. 241
 Terry, M. 14
 Texas, Legislature, Joint Interim Committee on the Environment
 136
 
 Tomson, F.N. 94
 Toro, T. 215
 Twyne, P. 104
 United States, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 168
 United States, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service,
 Animal Welfare
 Institute 34
 United States, Congress, House, Committee on Agriculture,
 Subcommittee on
 Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture 234
 United States, Congress, House, Committee on Agriculture,
 Subcommittee on
 Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry 17
 United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
 Regulatory
 Enforcement and Animal Care 184
 United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture.
 Subcommittee on
 Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture 17,
 82, 190
 United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture.
 Subcommittee on
 Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry 234
 United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce,
 Science, and
 Transportation. Subcommittee on the Consumer 55
 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, International
 Academy of Animal
 Welfare Sciences 239
 University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources 176, 177
 University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for
 Educational Resources, American College of Laboratory Animal
 Medicine, National
 Agricultural Library
 (U.S.) 152, 153
 University of Washington, Infant Primate Research Laboratory
 188
 Urban, O. 85
 Van Hoosier, G. L. 177
 Vande Pol, S.B. 41
 Venable, Joseph S. 191
 Vines, G. 137
 Vugia, D.J. 155
 Waggoner, D.B. 61
 Walther, A. 53
 Waterman, L. 58
 Weer, Joan C. 16
 West, A. 163
 Whitehair, L.A. 71
 Whitney, R.A. Jr 237
 Wilcox, N. 149
 Wilcox, N.L. 233
 Wilder, Julia R. 214
 Wilkerson, A. 112
 Wilson, James F. 129
 Wilson, M.S. 128
 Wilson, R.T. 220
 Withers, R.V. 59
 Wolfe, T.L. 165
 Wolfensohn, Sarah 101
 Wolff, A. \u National Institutes of Health Animal Center,
 Poolesville, MD 52
 Wolfle, T.L. 151, 172
 Wywialowski, A. 194
 Young, A.L. 3
 Zulauf, C. 8
 Zutphen, B.F.M van 131
 


Go to: Author Index | Subject Index | Top of Document


Subject Index

 Acceptability 186
 Accountability 238
 Accreditation 182
 Acting 205
 Africa 130
 Agricultural biotechnology 160, 161
 Agricultural biotechnology--Law and legislation--Minnesota 4
 Agricultural biotechnology--Law and legislation--United States
 4
 Agricultural colleges 217
 Agricultural laws and legislation 214
 Agricultural laws and legislation--Minnesota 4
 Agricultural laws and legislation--United States 4, 234
 Agricultural policy 38, 59, 132
 Agricultural policy--trade policy--livestock--transport of
 animals--animal
 welfare 225
 Agricultural research 3, 132, 174, 220, 238
 Allergens 58
 Alpacas 220
 Amino acids 141
 Amphibians as laboratory animals 47
 Anesthesia 94
 Animal behavior 209
 Animal breeding 193
 Animal experimentation 6, 16, 75, 97, 101, 116, 125, 152, 191,
 210, 232, 240
 Animal experiments 12, 14, 23, 24, 35, 52, 54, 60, 74, 77, 88,
 91, 94, 99, 106, 109, 123, 126, 131, 142, 158, 159, 174, 181,
 189, 195, 196, 197, 198, 200, 203, 215, 216, 226, 227, 229,
 236, 244
 Animal experiments--animal welfare--ethics--legislation 228
 Animal experiments--animal welfare--legislation 137
 Animal experiments--animal welfare--regulations 150
 Animal experiments--animal welfare--usda--regulations 121
 Animal experiments--medical education--animal models--animal
 testing
 alternatives--policy--ethics 231
 Animal experiments--science education--professional
 associations--policy 146
 Animal health 166
 Animal housing 73, 200
 Animal husbandry 44, 52, 86, 110, 159, 220
 Animal industry 214
 Animal industry--Law and legislation--United States 234
 Animal models 42, 187
 Animal production 3, 220
 Animal research 182
 Animal testing alternatives 50, 115, 126, 149, 175, 186, 203,
 233, 244
 Animal waste 136
 Animal welfare 1, 8, 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 18, 19
 Animal Welfare 20
 Animal welfare 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33,
 34, 35, 36, 37, 37, 38, 39, 40, 44, 49, 52, 63, 64, 65, 68,
 72, 73, 74, 78, 79, 81, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 94, 95,
 96, 97, 97, 99, 101, 102, 104, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 113,
 114, 116, 118, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 134, 138, 139,
 140, 142, 143, 145, 147, 148, 154, 157, 158, 159, 164, 166,
 168, 171, 172, 176, 177, 179, 182, 184, 189, 190, 191, 194,
 195, 197, 198, 200, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 213, 215, 216,
 217, 218, 223, 224, 226, 232, 236, 238, 239, 240, 242, 243
 Animal welfare--animal experiments--usda--regulations 127
 Animal welfare--animal production--food
 prices--law--livestock--socioeconomic
 status 202
 Animal welfare--Congresses 100
 Animal welfare--furbearing
 animals--furs--legislation--trapping--traps 208
 Animal welfare--Laboratory animals 7
 Animal welfare--Laboratory animals--Animal
 experimentation--Animals, laboratory 10
 Animal welfare--laboratory animals--history--legislation 103
 Animal welfare--laboratory animals--legislation 173, 241
 Animal welfare--laboratory animals--legislation--impact 105
 Animal welfare--laboratory animals--legislation--usda 170
 Animal welfare--laboratory animals--regulations--politics 151
 Animal welfare--legislation--administration--costs 169
 Animal welfare--legislation--impact--administration--
 laboratory animals 71
 Animal welfare--legislation--regulations--law--animal
 experiments--bibliographies 22
 Animal welfare--politics--protection 2
 Animal welfare--research--regulations--physicians--interest
 groups--mass
 media--aggressive behavior--animal testing alternatives 163
 Animal welfare--United States 219
 Animals 102, 119
 Arachnida 205
 Arizona 117
 Asia 130
 Assessment 39, 172
 Bacterial proteins 42
 Bibliographies 21, 23, 24
 Bioethics 9, 99, 217
 Biotechnology 3, 14, 32, 174, 229
 Biotechnology industries--Government policy--Minnesota 4
 Biotechnology industries--Government policy--United States 4
 Biotechnology--United States--Patents 4
 Body weight 141
 Bordetella bronchiseptica 42
 Bovidae 59
 Bovine papillomavirus 41
 Breeders' associations 122
 Bull fighting 83
 Cabt 8, 23, 32, 32, 60, 66, 72, 86, 87, 117, 117, 138, 139,
 149, 174, 181, 229, 233, 242
 Cages 114
 California 113, 155, 162, 243
 Calves 166
 Calves--Government policy--United States 234
 Camels 220
 Canada 44, 183, 216, 222
 Captive mammals 239
 Captive wild animals 46, 190
 Capture of animals 194, 224
 Caribbean 130
 Castration 218
 Cats 49, 158, 193
 Cats as laboratory animals 219
 Cats--Law and legislation--United States 219
 Central America 130
 Choline 141
 Cocks 83
 Colonizing ability 42
 Commercial farming 8
 Committees 44, 52, 86, 110, 120
 Committees--usda--directives--animal welfare--bioethics 5
 Consumer attitudes 68
 Consumer protection--Law and legislation--United States 55
 Control 52
 Control methods 57
 Cosmetics 50
 Costs 95
 Cows--milk--meat--somatotropin--residues--food safety--animal
 health--research--food and nutrition
 controversies--industry--environmental
 impact--law 56
 Coxiella burnetii 155
 Criminal procedure--Laboratories--Animal welfare--Laboratory
 animals 17
 Crop damage 57
 Crop production 117
 Crop yield 117
 Curriculum 217
 Cyanocobalamin 141
 Dairy cattle--Dairy cattle 180
 Dairy cows 68
 Dairy industry 68
 Dairy technology 68
 Defense 133
 Deficiency 141
 Deregulation 160, 161
 Diet 141
 Diets 166
 Diffusion of information 119
 Diffusion of research 119
 Disease vectors 155
 Disinfectants 58
 Dna replication 41
 Dogs 64, 83, 158, 193
 Dogs as laboratory animals 219
 Dogs--animal welfare--exercise--regulations--laboratory
 animals 185
 
 Dogs--animal welfare--laboratory animals--legislation 183
 Dogs--cages--animal welfare--legislation 43
 Dogs--cats--overpopulation--population control--private
 organizations--animal
 welfare--community education--primary education--law 162
 Dogs--laboratory animals--animal welfare--policy 165
 Dogs--Law and legislation--United States 219
 Domestic animals 78, 97
 Domestic animals--Animal welfare--Animal experimentation 82
 Dromedaries 220
 Drugs 14, 58
 Education 88, 106
 Educational programs 123
 Effluents 117
 Eggs 145
 Embryonic development 156
 Endangered species 72, 80
 Endowments 90, 147
 England 137, 189
 Enrichment 95
 Environment 95
 Environmental impact 70, 119
 Environmental policy 143
 Environmental protection 3, 90, 147
 Enzyme activity 141
 Equipment 94
 Estradiol 62
 Ethics 143, 198
 Europe 32, 60, 77, 107, 126, 145
 European communities 50, 70, 89, 126, 145, 244
 Euthanasia 78, 79
 Evaluation 149
 Federal government 132, 194, 221
 Feed intake 141
 Fighting 83
 Fish as laboratory animals 47
 Fish culture 117
 Fishes 205
 Folic acid 141
 Follicular fluid 62
 Food contamination 144
 Food processing 3
 Food safety 68, 85
 Foxes 206
 Fur farming 206
 Fur farming--Animal industry 211, 212
 Furbearing animals 224
 Gene expression 141
 Genetic engineering 70, 119, 160, 161, 178, 181
 Genetic transformation 41
 Gossypium 117
 Government organizations 86, 149, 227, 233
 Granulosa cells 62
 Guidelines 74, 94, 95, 99, 120, 128, 175, 205, 221, 238
 Health hazards 58
 Health protection 155
 Heart 203
 Hens 145
 History 81, 84, 108, 124, 148, 217, 236
 Hormone secretion 62
 Horses 104
 Horses--tail--docking--animal welfare--law 199
 Hunting 243
 Hygiene 58
 Ictalurus punctatus 117
 In vitro 115, 187
 In vitro culture 187
 Insects 205
 Inspection 38, 154
 Insulin-like growth factor 62
 International cooperation 119
 International organizations 120
 International trade 68, 130
 International transport 118
 Interpretation 148
 Introduced species 119
 Invertebrates as laboratory animals 46
 Invertebrates as pets 46
 Irrigated conditions 117
 Irrigation water 117
 Italy 123
 Labeling 50
 Laboratories 58, 89, 91, 207
 Laboratory animals 9, 11, 13, 35, 44, 52, 75, 78, 86, 88, 92,
 93, 94, 98, 101, 110, 112, 114, 116, 120, 122, 124, 125, 128,
 133, 134, 153, 159, 172, 176, 178, 182, 207, 210, 216, 232,
 240
 Laboratory animals--Animal experimentation--Animal welfare--
 Animal models in
 research 230
 Laboratory animals--animal experiments--animal welfare--
 veterinary profession--animal models--pain 45
 Laboratory animals--Animal welfare 69
 Laboratory animals--Animal welfare--Dogs as laboratory
 animals--Cats as
 laboratory animals--Ferrets as laboratory animals--Minks as
 laboratory
 animals 48
 Laboratory animals--authority--acquisition--computer
 techniques--computer
 software--animal experiments 53
 Laboratory animals--Law and legislation--United States 55
 Laboratory animals--veterinarians--animal welfare--animal
 experiments--veterinary medicine--law 237
 Laboratory rearing 156
 Larceny--United States 219
 Law 15, 18, 23, 24, 40, 49, 63, 64, 80, 81, 83, 84, 91, 104,
 106, 108, 118, 124, 130, 134, 140, 158, 171, 224
 Law enforcement 15, 91
 Lawns and turf 117
 Legal liability 133, 167
 Legal rights 18
 Legislation 12, 21, 23, 24, 44, 54, 58, 60, 65, 66, 67, 72,
 77, 87, 88, 106, 113, 123, 124, 131, 138, 142, 166, 172, 178,
 182, 189, 194, 196, 197, 198, 215, 216, 217, 236
 Lethal dose 120
 Licenses 134, 171
 Lipotropic factors 141
 Liver 141
 Livestock 65, 85, 87, 108, 135, 178, 179, 238, 240
 Livestock farming 8
 Livestock--animal welfare--legislation--pain--advisory
 committees--education--training 76
 Livestock--stunning--symptoms--safety at work--animal
 welfare--consciousness--regulations 107
 Llamas 220
 Locusta migratoria 156
 Low input agriculture 117
 Madagascar 130
 Mammary glands 141
 Manufacture 221
 Marine mammals 38, 138, 139, 140, 154
 Maryland 91
 Massachusetts 171
 Meat inspection 85
 Meat production 166
 Medical research 203, 238
 Membrane potential 156
 Messenger
 RNA 141
 Methionine 141
 Methodology 187
 Mice 178
 Mice--Rats--Laboratory animals--Mice as laboratory animals--
 Rats as laboratory
 animals 51
 Microbial pesticides 221
 Microbial proteins 221
 Microorganisms 119
 Milk production 59, 68
 Monitoring 52, 110, 159
 Monkeys 91
 Moral values 63, 242
 Mutants 42
 Mycotoxins 144
 Natural resources 194
 Netherlands 131
 New Mexico 117
 New products 227
 Nitrogen fixing bacteria 70
 North America 208
 Norway 242
 Oncogenes 141
 Organizations 44, 159
 Ornamental plants 117
 Ornithine decarboxylase 141
 Ova 156
 Ovaries 62
 Overpopulation 193
 Oviposition 156
 Pain 13, 39, 88, 218
 Patents 178
 People 143
 Perception 35
 Personnel 94
 Pest control 57
 Pet theft 210
 Pets 79
 Ph 156
 Phenotypes 42
 Pigs 62
 Plan implementation and evaluation 95
 Plant biotechnology--Research--Law and legislation--Minnesota
 4
 Plant biotechnology--Research--Law and legislation--United
 States 4
 Plant production 3
 Plants 119
 Poisoning 224
 Policy 52, 86, 110, 120, 242
 Politics 32, 143
 Population control 193
 Postoperative care 94
 Poultry 132
 Poultry industry--sustainability--international trade--
 consumer preferences--environmental impact--research support
 61
 Pounds 79
 Predatory animals 168
 Preoperative care 94
 Primates 95, 130, 148, 152, 153, 171, 188, 200, 223
 Primates as laboratory animals 152, 153, 188
 Primates--tethered housing--catheters--cages--social
 behavior--monitoring--sampling--physiological functions--
 animal welfare 201
 Private organizations 182
 Product safety--Law and legislation--United States 55
 Professional ethics 74
 Project control 52
 Public agencies 11
 Public authorities 133
 Public opinion 189
 Public schools 106
 Publications 44
 Q fever 155
 Quality controls 221
 Rabbits as laboratory animals 176, 177, 191
 Range management 135
 Rats 141
 Recombinant  DNA 119, 178
 Record keeping 95
 Regulation 3, 134, 195
 Regulations 1, 8, 11, 14, 21, 23, 24, 32, 35, 38, 70, 78, 85,
 86, 87, 89, 109, 112, 126, 139, 145, 148, 159, 171, 181, 182,
 193, 203, 216, 223, 226, 229, 233, 243
 Reptiles as laboratory animals 47
 Research 80, 88, 158
 Research policy 57, 119, 220
 Research support 220
 Research workers 155
 Risk 58, 70
 Rodents as laboratory animals 191
 Rodents as laboratory animals--Animal welfare 192
 Rodents as laboratory animals--Congresses 100
 Safety at work 58
 Sanitation 58
 Sheep 155
 Shelters 158
 Slaughter 85, 108
 Slaughtering and slaughter-houses 179
 Snakes 205
 Social interaction 200
 Somatotropin 59
 South America 130
 Spectator events 83
 Standards 87, 148
 Stereotyped behavior (Psychiatry) 209
 Stocking density 145
 Strain differences 42
 Stress 218
 Surgery 94
 Sustainability 242
 Sustainable agriculture 214
 Switzerland 53, 74, 215
 Taxonomy 221
 Teaching 88, 216, 217, 218
 Teaching materials 94, 238
 Technical training--veterinary
 education--technicians--veterinarians--research
 workers--laboratory animals 222
 Technology transfer 68
 Testing 120, 216, 221, 227
 Tests 244
 Texas 105
 Tilapia 117
 Toxicity 221, 244
 Toxicity testing 6
 Toxicology 115
 Training 216
 Transcription 41
 Transduction 42
 Transgenic animals 85, 178
 Transgenic plants 70
 Transport of animals 98
 Trapping 224, 243
 Trends 68
 U.S.A. 1, 2, 8, 12, 15, 22, 23, 24, 32, 35, 40, 43, 49, 54,
 57, 59, 61, 64, 65, 66, 67, 71, 72, 80, 81, 83, 84, 86, 87,
 103, 104, 106, 108, 109, 121, 124, 127, 130, 131, 134, 138,
 139, 140, 142, 143, 148, 149, 151, 162, 165, 166, 169, 170,
 173, 174, 178, 181, 182, 185, 193, 194, 195, 196, 221, 223,
 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 233, 237, 241
 Uk 76, 122, 128, 244
 Urban pests 164
 Usda 1, 12, 38, 87, 109, 134, 139, 194, 195, 226, 229
 Validity 149, 186, 233
 Vandalism 197
 Veal 166
 Veal--Standards--United States 234
 Vertebrate pests 57
 Veterinarians 18, 129, 133, 167
 Veterinary jurisprudence 133
 Veterinary medicine 93
 Veterinary surgery 157
 Vicunas 220
 Virulence 42
 Waste disposal 112
 Water management 117
 Water use efficiency 117
 Weight 141
 Whale meat 242
 Whales 242
 Wild animals 118, 224
 Wild birds 40, 118
 Wildlife 66, 67, 194
 Wildlife conservation 66, 67, 168, 239
 Wildlife management 80, 243
 Wildlife pests 164
 Wildlife reintroduction 239
 Working animals 190
 Yards 65
 Zoo animals 73, 134, 167
 Zoological gardens 167
 Zoonoses 155
 

 CODES OF PRACTICE ON ANIMAL WELFARE AND INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS
           (Citations below do not appear in indices)
 
 1
 Animal Protection Act. Statutes of Alberta, 1988, Chapter A-
 42.1 with amendments in force as of October 1, 1989.
 Province of Alberta, Canada.
 Office Consolidation, 6 pp., 1989.
 Available from Animal Welfare Information Center, 10301
 Baltimore Blvd., Beltsville, MD 20705-2351.
 Descriptors: Alberta animal protection act review.
 
 2
 Animal Care: Livestock and Poultry on Today's Farm.
 Christian Farmers Federation of Alberta.
 Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
 23 pp., 1987.
 Available from Christian Farmers Federation of Alberta, 10766
 - 97 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T5H 2M1, (403) 428-
 6981.
 Descriptors: farm animals, history of animal care, animal
 management, technology, housing, husbandry, regulations and
 standards.
 
 3
 Care and management of animal visitors at school.
 Hay, James R.
 American Humane Association.
 Denver, Colorado.
 26 pp., 1987.
 NAL Call Number: HV4735 H3
 Descriptors: teaching safety around dogs,  dogs, cats,
 rodents, rabbits, fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians,
 comparative physiological data of selected animals.
 
 4
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the sea
 transport of sheep from New Zealand.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 2, 12 pp., 1991.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: sheep, pre-assembly phase, stock assembly phase,
 preparation phase, shipping phase, discharge phase.
 
 5
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare
 of sheep.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 3, 13 pp., 1991.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: sheep, feeding, husbandry, health, transport,
 humane destruction.
 
 6
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare
 of dairy cattle.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 4, 13 pp., 1992.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: dairy cattle, dehorning, tail docking,
 castration, feeding, housing, husbandry, health, transport,
 humane destruction, minimum standards.
 
 7
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare
 of deer during the removal of antlers.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 5, 10 pp., 1992.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: deer, nature of deer antler, removal of antlers
 in velvet, veterinary supervision of velvet harvesting,
 training, assessment, and approval of competence, removal of
 hard antlers, transport of stags with antlers.
 
 8
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare
 of  animals used in rodeo events.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 6, 9 pp., 1992.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: rodeo terminology, selection of rodeo animals,
 transport, yarding, handling, care and treatment during
 events.
 
 9
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare
 of horses.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 7, 43 pp., 1993.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: horses, grazing, housing, feeding, husbandry,
 agistment (boarding), horse hire premises, organizers of
 equine activities, transport, humane slaughter,  body
 condition scoring, bodyweight estimation, bibliography.
 
 10
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare
 of animals at the time of slaughter at licensed and approved
 premises. 
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 10, 17 pp., 1994.
 Available from Animal Welfare Information Center, 10301
 Baltimore Blvd., Beltsville, MD 20705-2351.
 Descriptors: welfare of animals from time of unloading to
 point of stunning, welfare of animals during stunning and
 sticking, sites for percussive stunning, signs of a successful
 stun.
 
 11
 Code of recommendations for the welfare of exhibit animals and
 information for animal exhibit operators.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 14, 29 pp., 1994.
 Available from Animal Welfare Information Center, 10301
 Baltimore Blvd., Beltsville, MD 20705-2351.
 Descriptors: zoos, management, acquisition and disposal of
 animals, nutrition, health, euthanasia, transport, security,
 quarantine, bibliography.
 
 12
 Code of recommendation and minimum standards for the welfare
 of animals transported within New Zealand.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 15, 52 pp., 1994.
 Available from Animal Welfare Information Center, 10301
 Baltimore Blvd., Beltsville, MD 20705-2351.
 Descriptors: legal responsibilities under Animals Protection
 Act of 1960, euthanasia, commercial transport by road, sea,
 rail, or air, pregnant animals, disabled animals, sheep and
 goats, cattle, pigs, deer, horses, poultry, zoo and circus
 animals, feral and wild animals, dogs, animal welfare check
 list.
 
 13
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare
 of bobby calves.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 8, 11 pp., 1993.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: bobby calf, feeding, facilities, maturity and
 acceptability for slaughter, calf diseases and drug residues,
 transport, emergency humane destruction, minimum standards.
 
 14
 Code of practice for the care and feeding of farm animals in
 government approved export lairages.
 Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food.
 Edinburgh, Scotland.
 1 volume (unpaged), 1989.
 NAL Call Number: HV4735 C6
 Descriptors: farm animals, animal welfare, husbandry,
 transport.
 
 15
 Code of practice for the guidance of operators of horse, pony,
 and donkey markets, sales, and fairs.
 Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food.
 Edinburgh, Scotland.
 1 volume (unpaged), 1989.
 NAL Call Number: HV4708 C6
 Descriptors: livestock, marketing, animal welfare.
 
 16
 Code of practice on the care of farm animals and horses during
 their transport on roll-on/roll-off ferries.
 Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food.
 Edinburgh, Scotland.
 1 volume (unpaged), 1989.
 NAL Call Number: HV4733 C6
 Descriptors: livestock, sea transport, animal welfare.
 
 17
 Code of practice for the care and use of animals for
 experimental purposes.
 National Health and Medical Research Council, Commonwealth
 Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Australian
 Agricultural Council, Australian Government Publication
 Service.
 Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.
 35 pp.,  1985.
 NAL Call Number: QL55 C6
 Descriptors: laboratory animals, animal welfare, husbandry,
 bibliography.
 
 18
 Code of practice for the housing and care of animals used in
 scientific procedures.
 H.M.S.O., pursuant to Act Eliz. II 1986 C.14 Section 21
 (Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986)
 London, England.
 33 pp., 1989.
 NAL Call Number: SF406.3 C58
 Descriptors: laboratory animals, housing, husbandry, animal
 welfare, bibliography.
 
 19
 Code of practice for the transport by air of cattle, sheep,
 pigs, goats, and horses.
 Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food.
 Edinburgh, Scotland.
 15 pp., 1983.
 NAL Call Number: SF89 C6
 Descriptors: livestock, air transport, animal welfare.
 
 20
 Code of practice on the use of animals in schools.
 National Science Teachers Association.
 Washington, DC.
 An NSTA position statement, 2 pp.. 1985.
 NAL Call Number: HV4764 N3
 Descriptors: animal welfare, science, teaching, students.
 
 21
 Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the care of
 animals in boarding establishments.
 Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and
 Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 Code of Animal Welfare No. 9, 16 pp., 1993.
 NAL Call Number: HV4890.4 A3C63
 Descriptors: five freedoms,  housing, hygiene, management,
 health, diet, exercise for dogs and cats, transport, disposal
 of animals.
 
 22
 Codes of practice and manual of procedures for consideration
 of introductions and transfers of marine and freshwater
 organisms.
 Turner, Gary E., editor. 
 European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission (EIFAC), Food
 and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
 Rome, Italy.
 EIFAC occasional paper no. 23, 44 pp., 1988.
 NAL Call Number: SH329 F57I57
 Descriptors: fish, commercial purposes, scientific studies,
 ecology, genetics, inspections, quarantine, pathology,
 handling, transport, salmonids, molluscs, eels.
 
 23
 National Animal Ethics Advisory Committee: Report for the
 period January 1, 1992 to December 31, 1993. 
 National Animal Ethics Advisory Committee, Ministry of
 Agriculture and Fisheries.
 Wellington, New Zealand.
 22 pp., 1994.
 Available from Animal Welfare Information Center, 10301
 Baltimore Blvd., Beltsville, MD 20705-2351.
 Descriptors: Communication with Institutional Animal Ethics
 Committee (IAEC), use of animals in school, alternatives,
 statistics, ANZCAART, Guidelines for IAEC, animal 
 welfare research, legal issues, animal usage report.
 
 24
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of
 horses in PMU operations. 
 Manitoba PMU Study Committee.
 Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: Manitoba Agriculture.
 13 pp., 1990.
 Available from Animal Industry Branch, Agricultural Services
 Complex, 204-545 University Crescent, Winnipeg, Manitoba,
 Canada,  R3H 5S6  or  Ayerst Organics Ltd., 720-17th Street
 East, Box 980, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada  R7A 5Z9.
 Descriptors: horses, foals, pregnant mare urine, housing,
 husbandry, harnessing, health, nutrition, transport, pasture,
 stalls.
 
 25
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of
 special fed veal calves.
 Canadian Federation of Humane Societies, Coordinator.
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Agriculture Canada.
 Publication 1821/E, 43 pp., 1989.
 NAL Call Number: 7 C16Pu no. 1821/E
 Descriptors: veal calves, housing, nutrition, delivery and
 post-natal care, growing, protection, transport, processors,
 emergency procedures during transport.
 
 26
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of farm
 animals: pigs. 
 Connor, M.L.
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Agriculture Canada.
 Publication 1898/E, 55 pp., 1993.
 NAL Call Number: 7 C16Pu no. 1898/E
 Descriptors: pigs, housing, nutrition, breeding, transport,
 auctions, processors.
 
 27
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of
 dairy cattle.
 Canadian Federation of Humane Societies, Coordinator.
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Agriculture Canada.
 Publication 1853/E, 41 pp., 1991.
 NAL Call Number: 7 C16Pu 1853/E.
 Descriptors: dairy cattle, housing, nutrition, pastures,
 calves, herd management, transport, processors, disabled cows,
 emergency procedures.
 
 28
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of
 poultry from hatchery to processing plant.
 Canadian Federation of Humane Societies, Coordinator.
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Agriculture Canada.
 Publication 1757/E, 54 pp., 1990.
 NAL Call Number: 7 C16Pu 1757/E.
 Descriptors: poultry, hatcheries, layers, broilers, turkeys,
 housing, handling, nutrition, protection, sanitation, social
 environment, transport, processors.
 
 29
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of
 pigs. 
 Canadian Federation of Humane Societies, Coordinator.
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Agriculture Canada.
 Publication 1771/E, 37 pp., 1984.
 NAL Call Number: 7 C16Pu no. 1771/E
 Descriptors: pigs, producers, transporters, processors,
 housing, nutrition, farrowing facilities, postnatal care, 
 boars, protection of piglets, transport, precautions in hot
 weather, ramps and chutes, unloading, prods, stunning,
 education of personnel.
 
 30
 Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of farm animals: Beef cattle. 
 Hurnik, F. 
 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Agriculture Canada.
 Publication 1870/E, 46 pp., 1991.
 NAL Call Number: 7 C16Pu no. 1870/E
 Descriptors: Beef cattle, housing, nutrition, breeding, transport, cruelty, auctions,
 processors, disabled cattle.
 


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