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Alternative Farming Systems Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture


Societal Impacts of Adoption of Alternative Agricultural Practices
January 1985 - August 1992

 TITLE: Societal Impacts of Adoption of Alternative Agricultural Practices
 AUTHOR:  Jayne T. MacLean
          Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
          National Agricultural Library
 PUBLICATION DATE:  October 1992
 SERIES:  QB 93-01
NAL Call no.: aZ5071.N3 no.93-01 CONTACT: Alternative Farming Systems Information Center National Agricultural Library Room 123, 10301 Baltimore Ave. Beltsville, MD 20705-2351 Telephone: (301) 504-6559 http://afsic.nal.usda.gov ============================================================== ISSN: 1052-5378 United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Library 10301 Baltimore Blvd. Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2351 Societal Impacts of Adoption of Alternative Agricutural Practices January 1985 - August 1992 Quick Bibliography Series: QB 93-01 Updates QB 90-57 273 citations in English from AGRICOLA Jayne T. MacLean Alternative Farming Systems Information Center October 1992 National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record: MacLean, Jayne T. Societal impacts of adoption of alternative agricultural practices. (Quick bibliography series ; 93-01) Alternative agricultureþSocial aspectsþBibliography. I. Title. aZ5071.N3 no.93-01 About the Quick Bibliography Series Bibliographies in the Quick Bibliography Series of the National Agricultural Library, are intended primarily for current awareness, and as the title of the series implies, are not indepth exhaustive bibliographies on any given subject. However, the citations are a substantial resource for recent investigations on a given topic. They also serve the purpose of bringing the literature of agriculture to the interested user who, in many cases, could not access it by any other means. The bibliographies are derived from computerized on-line searches of the AGRICOLA data base. Timeliness of topic and evidence of extensive interest are the selection criteria. The author/searcher determines the purpose, length, and search strategy of the Quick Bibliography. Information regarding these is available upon request from the author/searcher. Copies of this bibliography may be made or used for distribution without prior approval. The inclusion or omission of a particular publication or citation may not be construed as endorsement or disapproval. Document Delivery information: Read Request Library Materials, http://www.nal.usda.gov/nal-services/request-library-materials, to get directions for ordering publications through interlibrary loan. AGRICOLA Citations in this bibliography were entered in the AGRICOLA database between January 1979 and the present. SAMPLE CITATIONS Citations in this bibliography are from the National Agricultural Library's AGRICOLA database. An explanation of sample journal article, book, and audiovisual citations appears below. JOURNAL ARTICLE: Article title. Author. Place of publication: Publisher. Journal Title. Date. Volume (Issue). Pages. (NAL Call Number). Example: Morrison, S.B. Denver, Colo.: American School Food Service Association. School foodservice journal. Sept 1987. v. 41 (8). p.48-50. ill. (NAL Call No.: DNAL 389.8.SCH6). BOOK: Title. Author. Place of publication: Publisher, date. Information on pagination, indices, or bibliographies. (NAL Call Number). Example: Exploring careers in dietetics and nutrition. Kane, June Kozak. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 1987. Includes index. xii, 133 p.: ill.; 22 cm. Bibliography: p. 126. (NAL Call No.: DNAL RM218.K36 1987). AUDIOVISUAL: Title. Author. Place of publication: Publisher, date. Supplemental information such as funding. Media format (i.e., videocassette): Description (sound, color, size). (NAL Call Number). Example: All aboard the nutri-train. Mayo, Cynthia. Richmond, Va.: Richmond Public Schools, 1981. NET funded. Activity packet prepared by Cynthia Mayo. 1 videocassette (30 min.): sd., col.; 3/4 in. + activity packet. (NAL Call No.: DNAL FNCTX364.A425 F&N AV). Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plants Search Strategy Set Description S1 SUSTAINABLE S2 AGRICULTUR? S3 SUSTAINABLE (W) AGRICULTUR? S4 ALTERNATIVE S5 AGRICULTUR? S6 ALTERNATIVE (W) AGRICULTUR? S7 ALTERNATIVE S8 FARM? S9 ALTERNATIVE (W) FARM? S10 ORGANIC S11 FARM? S12 ORGANIC (W) FARM? S13 FARMING S14 ORGANICALLY S15 FARMING (W) ORGANICALLY S16 SUSTAINABLE()AGRICULTUR? OR ALTERNATIVE()AGRICULTUR? OR ALTERNATIVE()FARM? OR ORGANIC()FARM? OR FARMING()ORGANICALLY S17 ADOPT? S18 PRACTICE? S19 ADOPT? AND PRACTICE? S20 S19 AND S16 S21 SOCIET?/TI,DE S22 SOCIAL/TI,DE S23 SOCIOLOG?/TI,DE S24 SOCIET?/DI,DE OR SOCIAL/TI,DE OR SOCIOLOG?/TI,DE S25 S16 AND S24 S26 ETHIC? S27 POLICY S28 POLICIES S29 SOCIO S30 POLITICAL S31 SOCIO(W)POLITICAL S32 ATTITUDE? S33 ETHIC? OR POLICY OR POLICIES OR SOCIO()POLITICAL OR ATTITUDE? S34 S16 AND S33 S35 SH=E500 S36 S16 AND SH=E500 S37 SH=E200 S38 S16 AND SH=E200 S39 COMMUNITY S40 ACCEPTANCE S41 COMMUNITY OR ACCEPTANCE S42 S16 AND S41 S43 S20 OR S25 OR S34 OR S36 OR S38 OR S42 S44 S43/ENG S45 S44 AND UD=8501:9999 1 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Agricultural chemicals in ground water: preventing contamination by removing barriers against low-input farm management. Fleming, M.H. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1987. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 2 (3): p. 124-130; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Groundwater pollution; Agricultural chemicals; Alternative farming; Taxes; Fiscal policy 2 NAL Call. No.: 100 C12CAG Agricultural sustainability: an overview and research assessment. Carter, H.O. Oakland, Calif. : Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California; 1989 May. California agriculture v. 43 (3): p. 16-18; 1989 May. Language: English Descriptors: California; Agribusiness; Alternative farming; Technology; Research; Policy; Environmental impact; Energy consumption; Food production; Food safety; Cost benefit analysis 3 NAL Call. No.: DLCHD1765 .M44 1987 Agriculture, economics, and environmental protection. Meeks, Gordon Denver, Colo. : National Conference of State Legislatures; 1987. v, 64 p. ; 28 cm. December 1987. Bibliography: p. 55-62. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural ecology--Government policy--United States; Water, Underground--Pollution--Law and legislation--United States; Soil erosion--Government policy--United States; Sustainable agriculture--United States; Agriculture and state--Environmental aspects--United States; Agricultural innovations--United States; Agricultural biotechnology--Law and legislation--United States 4 NAL Call. No.: KF1692.A75A4 Alternative agricultural and food policies and the 1985 Farm Bill. Rausser, Gordon Clyde,_1943-; Farrell, Kenneth R. Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, Resources for the Future Berkeley, Calif. : Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, University of California ; Washington, D.C. : National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, Resources for the Future, [1984?]; 1984. xix, 425 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. Papers presented at a Conference sponsored by the Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, University of California and Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C. held at the Shattuck Hotel, Ber. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural laws and legislation--United States; Agriculture and state--United States; Agricultural productivity--United States; Agricultural price supports--Law and legislation--United States; Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States; Agricultural credit--United States 5 NAL Call. No.: KF26.A35 1987a Alternative Agricultural Products Research Act of 1987 hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, United States Senate, One hundredth Congress, first session on S. 970, a bill to authorize a research program for the modification of plants focusing on the development and production of new marketable industrial and commercial products, and for other purposes, May 15, 1987. United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Washington, [D.C.] : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O.; 1987; Y 4.Ag 8/3- S.hrg.100-208. iv, 156 p. : b ill. ; 24 cm. (S. hrg. ; 100-208). Distributed to some depository libraries in microfiche. Language: English; English Descriptors: Farm produce--United States; Agriculture-- Research--United States; Agricultural chemistry; Agricultural innovations--United States 6 NAL Call. No.: S441.A46 Alternative agriculture. National Research Council (U.S.), Committee on the Role of Alternative Farming Methods in Modern Production Agriculture Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press; 1989. xiv, 448 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. Includes bibliographies and index. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural systems--United States; Agricultural ecology--United States; Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States; Agriculture and state--United States; Agricultural systems--United States--Case studies 7 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.A65U54 Alternative agriculture federal incentives and farmers' opinions : report to Congressional requesters.. Federal incentives and farmers' opinions United States. General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. : The Office; 1990. 95 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Cover title. February 1990. GAO/PEMD-90-12. "B-237645"--P. [1]. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative agriculture--United States--Public opinion; Farmers--United States--Attitudes; Agricultural subsidies--United States; Agricultural laws and legislation--United States 8 NAL Call. No.: SB599.B73 Alternative agriculture--a view from Brussels. Nychas, A.E.; Peter, D. Thornton : The Council; 1990. Monograph - British Crop Protection Council (45): p. 31-37; 1990. In the series analytic: Crop protection in organic and low input agriculture / edited by R. Unwin. Proceedings of a symposium, September 4-6, 1990, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Belgium; Alternative farming; Sustainability; Regional agricultural policy 9 NAL Call. No.: S451.O5O8 Alternative crop development in Oklahoma. Sholar, R.; Murray, J.C. Stillwater, Okla. : The Service; 1988 Sep. OSU current report - Oklahoma State University, Cooperative Extension Service (2102): 2 p.; 1988 Sep. Language: English Descriptors: Oklahoma; Alternative farming; Crop enterprises; Production possibilities 10 NAL Call. No.: 1 EX892EX Alternative crops--more to it than planting seed. Bonner, J.; Moore, K.L. Washington, D.C. : The Administration; 1987. Extension review - United States Department of Agriculture v. 58 (1): p. 19. ill; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Mississippi; Alternative farming; Rural development; Crop production; Crop products; Marketing 11 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 M36FA Alternative Enterprises: selected references. Conrad, D.L. College Park, Md. : The Service; 1988-1989. Fact sheet - Cooperative Extension Service, University of Maryland (503): 7 p. ill; 1988-1989. In subseries: Enterprise Guide for Southern Maryland. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Bibliographies; Extension; Publications; Information sources 12 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 M36FA Alternative enterprises: what you should know. Jones, M.R. College Park, Md. : The Service; 1987-1988. Fact sheet - Cooperative Extension Service, University of Maryland (448): 4 p.; 1987-1988. In subseries: Enterprise guide for Southern Maryland. Language: English Descriptors: Maryland; Alternative farming; Extension; Entrepreneurship; Marketing 13 NAL Call. No.: S561.S63 Alternative farm enterprises a guide to alternative sources of income for the farmer. Slee, Bill Ipswich, Suffolk : Farming Press; 1987. 210 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. Includes bibliographies and index. Language: English Descriptors: Farm management 14 NAL Call. No.: TD171.U5 "Alternative farming": a report. Popkin, R. Washington, D.C. : Office of Public Awareness; 1988 Apr. EPA journal v. 14 (3): p. 28-30. ill; 1988 Apr. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Farm surveys; Organic farming; Farming systems 15 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 P942 Alternative farming enterprises for limited resource farmers in the 1990's and beyond. Dagher, M.A.; Gray, J. Tuskegee, Ala. : Tuskegee University; 1989. Proceedings of the ... Annual Professional Agricultural Workers Conference (47th): p. 169-177; 1989. In the series analytic: Outreach to the Rural Disadvantaged: issues and strategies for the 21st century / edited by N. Baharanyi, R. Zabawa, W. Hill. Meeting held December 3-5, 1989, Tuskegee, Alabama. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Small farms; Alternative farming; Farm enterprises; Resource utilization 16 NAL Call. No.: aS21.E35F47 Alternative farming systems. Tweeten, L.G. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1987. Fertile fields - Cooperative State Research Service, State Agricultural Experiment Station System (2): p. 4-7; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Agricultural policy; Agricultural economics 17 NAL Call. No.: 100 SO82S Alternative farming systems. Smolik, J. Brookings, S.D. : The Station; 1986. South Dakota farm and home research - South Dakota, Agricultural Experiment Station v. 37 (3): p. 15-17; 1986. Language: English Descriptors: South Dakota; Farming systems; Research; Organic farming; Energy consumption; Energy balance; Erosion control 18 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Alternative farming systems in Nagele: preliminary results and prospects. Vereijken, P. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 124-135; 1985. Includes 4 references. Language: English Descriptors: Netherlands; Polders; Alternative farming; Organic farming; Experimental stations; Dairy cows; Forage crops; Field crops; Farm management; National planning 19 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Alternative farming systems--economic aspects. Schneider, K. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1990 Aug. Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculure, National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (90-79): 68 p.; 1990 Aug. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Economic evaluation; Bibliographies 20 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Alternative farming systems--economic aspects, 1970-1986. Schneider, K. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1987 Mar. Quick bibliography series - National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (87-31).: 17 p.; 1987 Mar. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Economic analysis; Cropping systems 21 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Alternative farming systems--economic aspects: January 1990-October 1991. Schneider, K. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1991 Nov. Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (92-09): 30 p.; 1991 Nov. Updates QB 90-79. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Farming systems; Economic evaluation; Bibliographies 22 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Alternative farming systems-economic aspests 1979-May 1988. Schneider, K. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1988 Jul. Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculure, National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (88-67): 29 p.; 1988 Jul. Updates QB 87-31. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Organic farming; Bibliographies 23 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Alternative technology and part-time, semi-subsistence agriculture: a survey from the back-to-the-land movement. Jacob, J.C.; Brinkerhoff, M.B. Lexington : The University of Kentucky; 1986. Rural sociology v. 51 (1): p. 43-59; 1986. Includes 37 references. Language: English Descriptors: Alberta; British Columbia; Idaho; Manitoba; Montana; North Dakota; Saskatchewan; Washington; Alternative farming; Urban rural migration; Sociological analysis; Socioeconomic status; Multivariate analysis; Cultural values; Ideology 24 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Alternatives in rural production systems: an entrepreneurial approach to production co-operatives in a developing economy. Ahwireng-Obeng, F. Barking : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1986. Agricultural administration v. 21 (1): p. 21-32; 1986. Includes 6 references. Language: English Descriptors: Southern Africa; Developing countries; Rural development; Agricultural production; Alternative farming; Entrepreneurship; Cooperative farming 25 NAL Call. No.: HD9000.A1J68 Analysis of consumer attitudes toward oragnic produce and purchase likelihood. Byrne, P.J.; Toensmeyer, U.C.; German, C.L.; Muller, H.R. Beltsville, Md. : Food Distribution Research Society; 1991 Jun. Journal of food distribution research v. 22 (2): p. 49-62; 1991 Jun. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Delaware; Organic farming; Fresh products; Consumer attitudes; Purchasing habits; Consumer surveys; Demography; Probability analysis 26 NAL Call. No.: HD1.A3 An analysis of the marginal value of cropland and nitrogen fertilizer use under alternative farm programs. Huang, W.Y.; Uri, N.D. Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1991. Agricultural systems v. 35 (4): p. 433-453; 1991. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Maize; Nitrogen fertilizers; Application rates; Farmland; Marginal analysis; Econometric models; Agricultural policy; Acreage; Planting; Estimation; Economic impact; Federal programs; Program participants 27 NAL Call. No.: TA166.T72 Appropriate biotechnology for sustainable agriculture in developing countries. Bunders, J. Cambridge : Elsevier Publications; 1988 Aug. Trends in biotechnology v. 6 (8): p. 173-180. ill; 1988 Aug. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Farming systems; Agricultural research; Projects; Biotechnology; Rural development 28 NAL Call. No.: S604.5.E58 Barriers to conversion to organic farming practices in the midwestern United States. Blobaum, R. New York : Praeger; 1983. Environmentally sound agriculture : selected papers, 4th conference, International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, Cambridge, Mass., August 18-20, 1982 / edited by William Lockeretz. p. 263-278; 1983. Includes 12 references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Organic farming; Farmers' attitudes; Innovation adoption; Surveys; Diffusion of information 29 NAL Call. No.: T1.T44 Beyond the farming crisis. Ehrenfeld, D. Cambridge, Mass. : Alumni Association, Massachusetts Institute of Technology :.; 1987 Jul. Technology review v. 90 (5): p. 47-56; 1987 Jul. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Farm inputs; Biotechnology; Usda; Herbicide resistance; Subsidies 30 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Biological agriculture in Europe. Vogtmann, H. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 136-142. ill; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: Europe; German federal republic; Farming systems; Organic farming; Organization of research; Applied research; Farm management 31 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Biological farming systems in Europe. Lampkin, N. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 84-95; 1985. Mainly economic comparisons. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Europe; Farming systems; Organic farming; Publications 32 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Biological recycle farming in the People's Republic of China: the Doudian Village experiment. Xu, C.; Simpson, J.R. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1989. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 4 (1): p. 3-7; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: China; Alternative farming; Agricultural research; Applied research; Anabaena; Animal manures; Ferns; Pig feeding; Poultry feeding Abstract: An explanation is provided of why and how one group of researchers in a Chinese village setting came to focus on what the authors call biological recycle farming. An explanation of applied agricultural research in China is provided. One conclusion reached is that application of research at the village level was largely successful because it was founded on community development principles. Another conclusion is that food production in very marginal Chinese villages can be increased significantly. While the alternative approach discussed cannot be exported wholesale to many other countries of the world, the concepts are very useful for international economic and agricultural development. 33 NAL Call. No.: TP248.2.B542 Biotechnology and alternative agriculture: an overview of major issues and concerns. Buttel, F.H. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc; 1986 Mar. Biotechnology in agriculture : implications for sustainability : symposium proceedings, March 1986, Washington, D.C.. p. 4-20; 1986 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural research; Biotechnology; Research policy 34 NAL Call. No.: TX571.P4R6 A blueprint for pesticide policy changing the way we safeguard, grow and market food. Rosenfeld, Allen Public Voice for Food and Health Policy, League of Women Voters (U.S.), Education Fund Washington, D.C. : Public Voice for Food and Health Policy,; 1989. e, 39 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. September 1989. Includes bibliographical references (p. 37-39). Language: English Descriptors: Pesticides; Economic aspects; Pesticide residues in food; Pesticides; Environmental aspects Abstract: Serious risks of cancer and other chronic illnesses from pesticide residues in our food remain despite 40 years of federal regulation of these chemicals. The major sources of the gaps in federal protection include: the continued use of risk-benefit analysis to decide which pesticides to allow on the market; the failure to set tolerance at safe levels; and the inability of monitoring programs to prevent unsafe levels of residues from reaching consumers. This report is a product of the first year of the Food Forum Project, which is implemented jointly by Public Voice for Food and Health Policy and the League of Women Voters Education Fund. The report examines federal and state regulation of pesticide use, the impact of food markets on the adoption of safer pest-control methods, the development of sustainable agricultural methods, and the need for enhanced citizen participation in the national policy process. 35 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 Building a drought-proof farm. Cramer, C. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1988 Nov. The New farm v. 10 (7): p. 10-15. ill; 1988 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: Illinois; Farming systems; Drought; Cash crops; Trickle irrigation; Diversity; Cost control; Acreage; Cover crops; Organic farming; Appropriate technology 36 NAL Call. No.: 100 IL64 Can sustainable agriculture sustain the farm family?. Van Es, J.C.; Reber, R.J. Urbana, Ill. : The Station; 1989. Illinois research - Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station v. 31 (3/4): p. 4-5; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agriculture; Sustainability; Farm income 37 NAL Call. No.: 100 T25S (1) Capital requirements and income opportunities associated with alternative systems of farrow-to-finish swine production on West Tennessee farms. McBride, W.D.; Mundy, S.D.; Ray, R.M. Knoxville, Tenn. : The Station; 1988 Dec. Bulletin - University of Tennessee, Agricultural Experiment Station (662): 60 p.; 1988 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Tennessee; Pig farming; Farrowing; Pig fattening; Alternative farming; Capital outlay; Farm income; Farm surveys; Economic analysis 38 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 The challenge of research substance in the search for resource sustainability. Burdge, R.J. Columbia, Mo. : Rural Sociological Society; 1989. The Rural sociologist v. 9 (2): p. 8-10, 14-15; 1989. Reply by C. Bailey, p. 14-15. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Environmental degradation; Applied research; Rural sociology; Rural communities; Natural resources; Alternative farming; Rural development; Social change; Social costs; Environmental impact reporting; Community involvement 39 NAL Call. No.: S513.2.S87 The challenge of smallholding. Sweeny, Sedley Oxford [Oxfordshire] ; New York : Oxford University Press; 1985. x, 222 p. : ill. ; 20 cm.. (Oxford paperbacks). Includes index. Bibliography: p. [203]-206. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agriculture--Great Britain--Handbooks, manuals, etc; Farms, Small--Great Britain--Handbooks, manuals, etc; Organic farming--Great Britain--Handbooks, manuals, etc; Agriculture--Handbooks, manuals, etc; Farms, Small--Handbooks, manuals, etc; Organic farming--Handbooks, manuals, etc 40 NAL Call. No.: HD1761.W5 Challenges and opportunities in alternative farming. Wilson, Marvin D.; Schuster, R. Doyle Ontario, Or. : Kingfish Publishing; 1987. 196 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States; Crops--United States--Marketing; Farm produce--United States-- Marketing 41 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.1147 Common ground a co-production of the National Audubon Society, Turner Broadcasting System, & WETA ; producers, Leslie Reinherz, Graham Chedd ; director, Leslie Reinherz ; writer, Graham Chedd.. Common ground : farming and wildlife Farming and wildlife National Audubon Society, Turner Broadcasting System, WETA-TV (Television station : Washington, D.C.),PBS Video Alexandria, Va. : PBS Video,; 1987. 1 videocassette (57 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in. + 1 teacher's guide. (National Audubon Society special). NTAS203. "Print materials copyright PBS 1991"--Container. Teacher's guide has 1988 copyright. Title on cassette label and container : Common ground : farming and wildlife. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Agricultural ecology; Wildlife habitat improvement Abstract: Describes alternative methods farmers are using to raise crops with reduced or no use of chemicals while maintaining the productivity of the soil, providing habitat for wildlife, and reducing human exposure to toxic substances. 42 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.522 Common ground a co-production of the National Audubon Society, Turner Broadcasting System, & WETA, Washington, D.C. National Audubon Society, Turner Broadcasting System, WETA-TV (Television station : Washington, D.C.) Washington, D.C. : WETA; 1987. 1 videocassette (60 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in. (National Audubon Society special). VHS. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Agricultural ecology; Agricultural pollution 43 NAL Call. No.: ArUKF657.W37 1988 Conservation easements prospects for sustainable agriculture. Ward, Justin R. Natural Resources Defense Council Washington, D.C. : Natural Resources Defense Council; 1988. iii, 34 p. ; 28 cm. June 1988. "Project on Agricultural Conservation and Tax Policy"--Cover. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural conservation--United States; Sustainable agriculture--United States; Servitudes--United States; Land tenure--Law and legislation--United States; Land trusts--United States; Income tax--United States--Deductions 44 NAL Call. No.: 389.8 B77 Consumer attitudes to organic foods. Beharrell, B.; MacFie, J.H. Bradford : MCB University Press; 1991. British food journal v. 93 (2): p. 25-30; 1991. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Uk; Organic foods; Consumer attitudes; Food acceptability; Food quality; History; Standards; Water quality; Nutritive value; Purchasing habits Abstract: The apparent conflict between what is scientifically known and what is perceived concerning food acceptability by consumers provides an interesting paradox. Some of the leading international contributions concerned with organic farming system food products are thus reviewed in the light of consumer beliefs and attitudes. It is concluded that, in a market economy, consumer opinion will gradually prevail and that agricultural farming systems will have to adjust to more extensive lower input farming approaches. 45 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S95F3 no.17 Contributions of FSR/E towards sustainable agricultural systems proceedings of farming systems research/extension symposium, 1988. Fayetteville, Ark. : University of Arkansas, Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development; 1988. xvi, 395 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm. (Farming systems research paper series ; no. 17). Includes index. Language: English 46 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Conventional versus alternative agriculture: the paradigmatic roots of the debate. Beus, C.E. Bozeman, Mont. : Rural Sociological Society; 1990. Rural sociology v. 55 (4): p. 590-616; 1990. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Traditional farming; Alternative farming; Beliefs; Values; Conflict; Models; Agricultural development; Literature reviews Abstract: Analysts have described conflict between the economically dominant industrial sector of society and the environmental movement as representing competition between two opposing worldviews or social paradigms. There appears to be a similar schism developing in agriculture. The conventional paradigm of large-scale, highly industrialized agriculture is being challenged by an increasingly vocal alternative agriculture movement which advocates major shifts toward a more "ecologically sustainable agriculture." Some have suggested that alternative agriculture represents a fundamentally new paradigm for agriculture. This paper seeks to clarify and synthesize the core beliefs and values underlying these two approaches to agriculture into a "conventional agriculture paradigm" and an "alternative agriculture paradigm." The writings of six major proponents of alternative agriculture are compared with those of six leading proponents of conventional agriculture to document the major components of the two agricultural paradigms. The two sets of writings reveal dramatically divergent perspectives on a wide range of agricultural issues. The competing paradigms can be synthesized into six major dimensions: 1) centralization vs. decentralization, 2) dependence vs. independence, 3) competition vs. community, 4) domination of nature vs. harmony with nature, 5) specialization vs. diversity, and 6) exploitation vs. restraint. The emerging controversy over "low-input, sustainable agriculture" (LISA) illustrates the paradigmatic gulf between alternative and conventional agriculture, as well as the pitfalls facing alternative agriculturalists as they attempt to replace conventional agriculture as the dominant paradigm. 47 NAL Call. No.: SB187.S8D6 Costs of production and net returns for alternative farming systems in northeastern South Dakota 1986 and "normalized" situations. Dobbs, Thomas L.; Weiss, Lyle A.; Leddy, Mark G. South Dakota State University, Economics Dept Brookings, S.D. : Economics Dept., South Dakota State University,; 1987. iv, 79 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Research report (South Dakota State University. Economics Dept.) ; no. 87-5.). July 1987. Bibliography: p. 79. Language: English; English Descriptors: Alternative agriculture; Agriculture 48 NAL Call. No.: HD2346.U5R8 Creating a demand for a new product is essential to success. Menomonee Falls, Wis. : The Journal; 1989. Rural enterprise v. 4 (1): p. 10; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: Idaho; Farm enterprises; Alternative farming; Marketing techniques; Entrepreneurship 49 NAL Call. No.: 1.90 C2OU8 Critical environmental issues for agriculture. Habicht, F.H. II Washington, D.C. : The Department; 1990 Apr. Outlook - Proceedings, Agricultural Outlook Conference, U.S. Department of Agriculture. p. 577-581; 1990 Apr. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural policy; Environmental protection; Public agencies; Information dissemination; Legislation; Alternative farming 50 NAL Call. No.: S589.7.A47 Designing sustainable agroecosystems. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1987. Agroecology : the scientific basis of alternative agriculture / Miguel A. Altieri, with contributions by Richard B. Norgaard ... [et al.].. p. 59-67; 1987. (Westview special studies in agriculture science and policy). Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Ecosystems; Sustained yield management; Crops; Farm planning 51 NAL Call. No.: TX341.J6 Dietary guidelines for sustainability. Gussow, J.D.; Clancy, K.L. Philadelphia, Pa. : George F. Stickley Company; 1986 Feb. Journal of nutrition education v. 18 (1): p. 1-5; 1986 Feb. Includes 31 references. Language: English Descriptors: Nutrition education; Dietary guidelines; Food preferences; Agricultural policy; Conservation; Natural resources Abstract: A broad-range perspective on the content and implications of nutrition education is presented. The perspective stresses the importance of recognizing effects of food choices on the food supply, global resources (agricultural, economic, natural) and the long-term stability of the food system, as well as on individual nutrition and health. The term "sustainable diets" is proposed to describe recommendations for food choices that support life and health within natural system limits into the foreseeable future. General suggestions are provided to help nutritionists incorporate the sustainability concept into their teachings about food choices. The following "Dietary Guidelines for Americans" are discussed as a framework for addressing issues of sustainability in dietary guidance: 1) Eat a variety of foods, 2) Maintain ideal weight, 3) Avoid too much fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol, 4) Eat foods with adequate starch and fiber, 5) Avoid too much sugar, 6) Avoid too much sodium, 7) Drink alcoholic beverages only in moderation. Learning to view foods as more than just sources of nutrients may guide consumers toward sustainable food choices. A shift to sustainable diets would be an important first step in widespread adoption of a sustainable agriculture policy that promotes the conservation of natural resources and regional self- reliance in food production and consumption.(aje) 52 NAL Call. No.: HD101.S6 Discussion: The role of alternative agricultural enterprises in a changing agricultural economy. Allen, J.E. Experiment, Ga. : The Association; 1987 Jul. Southern journal of agricultural economics - Southern Agricultural Economics Association v. 19 (1): p. 17-20; 1987 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm enterprises; Profitability; Consumption; Technical progress; Trends; Structural change; Market economics 53 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.1053 Diversifying your farm operation produced under the direction of Roger Williams ; director/editor, Richard Geier.. Economic options for Wisconsin farm families Williams, Roger T. University of Wisconsin--Madison, Health and Human Issues Madison, Wis. : Health and Human Issues, University of Wisconsin-Madison,; 1989. 1 videocassette (16:13 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in + 1 study guide. (Signs of change ; part 2). VHS format. Title on study guide: Economic options for Wisconsin farm families. Language: English Descriptors: Crops; Agriculture; Alternative agriculture Abstract: This video examines ways of diversifying the farm operation and how and where to find help in doing so. Examples shown are a cut-flower operation on a tobacco farm, an organic farming or sustainable agriculture operation, and growing specialty foods for farmers' markets. 54 NAL Call. No.: SB950.2.A1J58 Dollars an sense: the economic benefits of reducing pesticide use. Brenner, L. Eugene, Or. : The Coalition; 1991. Journal of pesticide reform : a publication of the Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides v. 11 (2): p. 18-20; 1991. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pesticides; Uses; Environmental impact; Social costs; Economic impact; Integrated pest management; Alternative farming; Case studies 55 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.B5 Ecological agriculture: A case study of an ecological farm in the south of England. Kiley-Worthington, M.; Rendle, C. Berkhamsted : A B Academic Publishers; 1984. Biological agriculture & horticulture v. 2 (2): p. 101-133. ill., maps; 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: England; Organic farming; Cottage industries; Farm management; Ecological balance; Wildlife conservation 56 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 An ecological basis for the development of alternative agricultural systems for small farmers in the Third World. Altieri, M.A.; Anderson, M.K. Greenbelt : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1986. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 1 (1): p. 30-38. ill; 1986. Includes 55 references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Alternative farming; Farming systems; Ecosystems; Rural development 57 NAL Call. No.: 280.8 J822 Economic adjustment to sustainable agriculture: discussion. Carlson, G.A. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1988 Dec. American journal of agricultural economics v. 70 (5): p. 1175-1176; 1988 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm inputs; Alternative farming; Agricultural chemicals; Producer prices; Food prices; Trends; Support measures; Sustained yield management; Input output analysis; Profitability 58 NAL Call. No.: 280.8 J822 Economic adjustment to sustainable agriculture: discussion. Young, D.L. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1988 Dec. American journal of agricultural economics v. 70 (5): p. 1173-1174; 1988 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm inputs; Support measures; Alternative farming; Adjustment; Sustained yield management; Agricultural chemicals; Deficiency payments 59 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 An economic analysis of alternative cropping systems for east-central Nebraska. Helmers, G.A.; Langemeier, M.R.; Atwood, J. Greenbelt : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1986. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 1 (4): p. 253-258; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nebraska; Alternative farming; Cropping systems; Economic analysis; Profitability; Risks 60 NAL Call. No.: 282.9 G7992 Economic considerations in evaluating alternative agricultural practices. Dobbs, T.L.; Taylor, D.C. Lincoln, Neb. : The Council; 1989. Proceedings - Great Plains Agricultural Council. p. 109-131; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Western states of U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Environmental protection; Profitability; Market prices; Risks; Farm income; Agricultural policy; Environmental policy; Economic analysis 61 NAL Call. No.: TP370.5.S94 The economic feasibility of widespread adoption of organic farming. Oelhaf, R.C. Westport, Conn. : AVI Pub. Co; 1983. Sustainable food systems / edited by Dietrich Knorr. p. 156-171; 1983. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Organic farming; Economic analysis; Food production; Production costs; Food prices; Markets 62 NAL Call. No.: HD1761.A1M5 no.85-32 The economic impact of alternative agricultural policies on Minnesota's farm economy. Bailey, Kenneth W.; Houck, James P. University of Minnesota, Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics St. Paul, Minn. : Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Minnesota; 1985. 64 p. ; 28 cm. (Staff paper P, no. 85-32). September, 1985. Bibliography: p. 46. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agriculture--Economic aspects--Minnesota; Agriculture and state--Minnesota 63 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 Economic implications of a shift to organic agriculture in Britain. Bateman, D.; Lampkin, N. Barking : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1986. Agricultural administration v. 22 (2): p. 89-104; 1986. Includes 11 references. Language: English Descriptors: United Kingdom; Organic farming; Agricultural policy; Conservation; Economics; Environment; Erosion control; Nutrition 64 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 The economic implications of organic farming. Cacek, T.; Langner, L.L. Greenbelt : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1986. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 1 (1): p. 25-29; 1986. Includes 20 references. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Farm management; Decision making; Economic impact 65 NAL Call. No.: S541.5.S8P5 Economics of alternative farming systems. Dobbs, T.; Leddy, M. Brookings, S.D. : The Station; 1988 Jan. Plant science pamphlet - Plant Science Dept., Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University (5): p. 65-68; 1988 Jan. In the series analytic: 1987 Annual Progress Report--Northeast Research Station, Watertown, South Dakota. Language: English Descriptors: South Dakota; Alternative farming; Economic analysis; Farm budgeting 66 NAL Call. No.: HD1775.S8E26 Economics of alternative farming systems. Dobbs, T.L.; Weiss, L.A.; Leddy, M.G. Brookings, S.D. : The Department; 1987 Sep04. Economics newsletter - South Dakota State University, Cooperative Extension Service, Economic Department (254): 3 p.; 1987 Sep04. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South Dakota; Alternative farming; Economic analysis; Rotations; Yields 67 NAL Call. No.: S589.7.N48 The economics of organic farming. Teichert, K. East Falmouth, Mass. : The New Alchemists for contributions of the New Alchemy Institute; 1985. New alchemy quarterly (22): p. 20-21; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Cost analysis; Returns 68 NAL Call. No.: HD1751.W67 88-13 The economics of sustainable agricultural systems in developing countries. Barker, Randolph; Chapman, Duane New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Dept. of Agricultural Economics Ithaca, N.Y. : Dept. of Agricultural Economics, New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University; 1988. 23 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Working papers in agricultural economics ; 88-13). Paper presented at the International Conference on Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Columbus, Ohio, September 19-22, 1988. Bibliography: p. 22-23. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural productivity--Developing countries; Agricultural systems--Developing countries 69 NAL Call. No.: S601.A34 The effect of increased energy prices on the viability of organic agricultural systems on arable farms in the U.K. Jones, M.R. Amsterdam : Elsevier; 1986 Apr. Agriculture ecosystems & environment v. 15 (4): p. 221-229; 1986 Apr. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: United Kingdom; Organic farming; Energy cost of production; Input prices; Costs; Cropping systems; Arable farming; Viability; Returns; Linear programming; Models 70 NAL Call. No.: HD101.S6 Effects of alternative farm programs and levels of price variability on Texas cotton farms. Duff y, P.A.; Richardson, J.W.; Smith, E.G. Experiment, Ga. : The Association; 1986 Dec. Southern journal of agricultural economics - Southern Agricultural Economics Association v. 18 (2): p. 97-106; 1986 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Texas; Cotton industry; Stochastic processes; Simulation; Price elasticities; Price policy 71 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 C16 The effects of technological change on the economic impact of agricultural drought in Manitoba. Arth ur, L.M.; Kraft, D.F. Ottawa : Canadian Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Society; 1988 Jul. Canadian journal of agricultural economics; Revue Canadienne d'economie rurale v. 36 (2): p. 221-237; 1988 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Desc riptors: Manitoba; Farm sector; Minimum tillage syste ms; Returns; Technical progress; Economic impact; Drought; Simulation models; Alternative farming 72 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.B5 Efficacy and economics of codling moth control in organic and conventional pome fruit production. Rader, J.S.; Walser, R.H.; Jorgensen, C.D.; Williams, C.F.; Davis, T.D. Berkhamsted : A B Academic Publishers; 1984. Biological agriculture and horticulture v. 2 (4): p. 315-321; 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pome fruits; Cydia pomonella; Pest control; Organic farming; Insecticides; Cost analysis; Economic analysis 73 NAL Call. No.: S589.7.A72 1988 The environmental effects of conventional and organic/biological farming systems. Arden-Clarke, C. Political Ecology Research Group, World Wide Fund for Nature, Elmgrant Trust Oxford, England : Political Ecology Research Group,; 1988. 156 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. (Research report (Political Ecology Research Group) ; RR-17.). A report commissioned by the World Wide Fund for Nature, Elmgrant Trust. Part I. Soil erosion, with special reference to Britain / C. Arden-Clarke and R.D. Hodges published in Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, v. 4, 1987, pp. 309-357, Part II, Soil ecology, soil fertility and nutrient cycles / C. Arden-Clarke and R.D. Hodges published in Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, v. 5, 1988, pp. 223-287. Bibliography: p. 128-156. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural ecology; Biotic communities; Agricultural pests; Pesticides and wildlife; Organic farming 74 NAL Call. No.: 80 AM371 Environmentalism and consumer attitudes. Higginbotham, J.S. Chicago, Ill. : American Nurseryman Publishing Company; 1989 Mar15. American nurseryman v. 169 (6): p. 37-38, 40-50, 52; 1989 Mar15. Language: English Descriptors: Consumer attitudes; Safety; Environmental protection; Pesticides; Pest control; Weed control; Fertilizers; Trickle irrigation; Organic farming 75 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Ethical and value issues in international agricultural research. Dahlberg, K.A. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, University of Florida; 1988. Agriculture and human values v. 5 (1/2): p. 101-111; 1988. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural research; Ethics; Values; International cooperation; Ideology; Goals; Status; Sustained yield management; Agricultural policy 76 NAL Call. No.: SB123.3.D5 Ethnobiologists emphasize germplasm conservation and sustainable agriculture. Flaster, T. Fort Collins, Colo. : Laboratory for Information Science in Agriculture; 1990. Diversity v. 6 (2): p. 34-35; 1990. Language: English Descriptors: Genetic resources; Ethnobotany; Sustainability; Nutrition; Cactaceae; Plant collections 77 NAL Call. No.: HD1773.A3N6 Evaluation of net return distributions from alternative tillage systems for grain sorghum and soybean rotations. Mikesell, C.L.; Williams, J.R.; Long, J.H. Columbus, Ohio : Ohio State University; 1988 Jul. North Central journal of agricultural economics v. 10 (2): p. 255-271; 1988 Jul. Includes statistical data. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Western states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Sorghum; Soybeans; Rotations; Alternative farming; Tillage; Ridging; No-tillage; Stochastic processes; Risks; Farm management; Production costs; Crop yield 78 NAL Call. No.: S451.M6E9 Excellence in agriculture interviews with ten Minnesota stewardship farmers. Moore, Patrick; Nopar, Doug; Paddock, Joe; Kroese, Ron Land Stewardship Project (U.S.) Stillwater, MN? : Land Stewardship Project; 1988. iii, 105 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--Minnesota--Case studies; Alternative agriculture--Minnesota--Case studies; Agriculture-- Minnesota--Case studies; Soil conservation--Minnesota; Farmers--Minnesota--Interviews; Land use, Rural--Minnesota--Case studies 79 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.T84 Experiences in success case studies in growing enough food through regenerative agriculture. Tull, Kenneth,; Sands, Michael,_1951-; Altieri, Miguel A. Emmaus, Pa. : Rodale International; 1987. 52 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm. Cover title. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming--Case studies; Sustainable agriculture--Case studies; Food supply--Case studies 80 NAL Call. No.: HD1.A3 Experimental systems of integrated and organic wheat production. Vereijken, P. Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1989. Agricultural systems v. 30 (2): p. 187-197; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Netherlands; Triticum aestivum; Plant production; Organic farming; Integrated methods; Cropping systems; Economic analysis; Production costs; Farm management 81 NAL Call. No.: 57.8 C734 A farm built on recycling. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press; 1987 Nov. BioCycle v. 28 (10): p. 42, 44; 1987 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: Indiana; Waste disposal; Waste utilization; Recycling; Farm management; Farming systems; Organic farming 82 NAL Call. No.: HD1773.A3F37 Farm crisis response: University of Wisconsin-Madison extension and research. Gilbert, J.; Thompson, G.S. Ames, Iowa : North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Iowa State University; 1986. Farm crisis response : extension and research activities in the North Central Region : a network organized by Paul Lasley and Rand Conger. p. 61-66; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Wisconsin; Extension activities; Research; Farm indebtedness; Educational programs; Farm families; Agribusiness; Leadership; Non-farm income; Stress management; Farm management; Profitability; Alternative farming 83 NAL Call. No.: 100 M693 (3) no.901 Farm plans for a 200-acre central Missouri farm a comparative analysis of the economic potential for alternative farming systems. Hutcherson, William H.; Hogan, Albert R.; Doll, John P. Columbia, Mo. : University of Missouri, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station; 1965. 41, [2] p. : ill., map ; 23 cm. (Research bulletin / University of Missouri, Agricultural Experiment Station ; 901). "Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station in cooperation with Farm Production Economics Division, Economic Research Service, Department of Agriculture"--T.p. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural systems--Missouri; Farm management-- Missouri; Land use, Rural--Missouri 84 NAL Call. No.: ArUS494.5.S86F27 1991 Farm program options guide to sustainable agriculture, conservation and water quality incentive programs in the 1990 Farm Bill. Hoefner, Ferd; Cramer, Craig; Thorpe, Kris; Cleaveland, Marta Sustainable Agriculture Working Group Walthill, Neb. : The Sustainable Agriculture Working Group,; 1991. iii, 32 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. January 1991. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural laws and legislation; Rural development; Sustainable agriculture; Alternative agriculture; Water quality; Agricultural conservation; Agricultural subsidies 85 NAL Call. No.: HD1755.I57 1985 Farm programs and alternative agriculture. Anderson, J.E. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc; 1985. Proposed 1985 farm bill changes : taking the bias out of farm policy : symposium proceedings, March 1985, Washington, DC. p. 1-10; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural policy; Alternative farming; Trends; Agricultural production 86 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 The farm they couldn't plow under. Kendall, D. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1988 Nov. The New farm v. 10 (7): p. 16-17, 62-63. ill; 1988 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: Montana; Cattle farming; Fodder crops; Organic farming; Protein content; Rotations; Fertilizers; Costs; Soil testing; Drought; Grazing systems; Appropriate technology 87 NAL Call. No.: aHN90.C6R78 Farmers can profit from novel products. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service; 1989. Rural development perspectives : RDP v. 6 (1): p. 49; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Profitability; Diversification 88 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Farmers in the black-belt counties of Alabama. Webber, A. University Park, Pa. : Rural Sociological Society; 1987 Jul. The Rural sociologist v. 7 (4): p. 318-321; 1987 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alabama; Small farms; Blacks; Gardening; Ground rent; Part time farming; Alternative farming 89 NAL Call. No.: S451.M6F37 1989 The Farmer-to-farmer directory of the Sustainable Farming Association of Southeast Minnesota., 1st ed.. Sustainable Farming Association Lewiston, Minn. : The Association,; 1989. 25 p. ; 22 cm. Errata slip inserted. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture 90 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.665 Farming alternatives innovation on Northeast farms. New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Farming Alternatives Project, Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service Ithaca, N.Y.? : Cornell University, Farming Alternatives Project : Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service, [1989?]; 1989. 1 videocassette (14 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in. VHS. Supported by New York State Dept. of Agriculture and Markets and Cornell University. "NRAES-28"-- Container. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural innovations--United States; Farming, Diversified--United States; Deer farming--United States; Organic farming--United States 91 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 C81AE Farming alternatives: A Directory of cooperative extension field staff with experience in alternative farm enterprises. Andrus, K. (comp); Knoblauch, W. (comp) Ithaca, N.Y. : The Department; 1987 Apr. A.E. Ext. - New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics (87-7): 15 p.; 1987 Apr. Language: English Descriptors: New York; Alternative farming; Commodities; Enterprises; Experts; Marketing techniques 92 NAL Call. No.: S75.F87 Farming for tomorrow. Erb, C. East Lansing, Mich. : The Station; 1989. Futures - Michigan State University, Agricultural Experiment Station v. 7 (1): p. 4-7. ill; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: Michigan; Alternative farming; Sustained yield management; Experimental stations; Research policy; Usda; Support measures 93 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.A3W3 Farming in a greenhouse world. Garza, E. de la Washington, D.C. : National Agricultural Aviation Association; 1988 Sep. Agricultural aviation v. 15 (7): p. 11; 1988 Sep. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Drought; Agricultural research; Research policy; Systems approach; Alternative farming; Economic impact 94 NAL Call. No.: S451.C2F3 Farming with a future making and marketing the transition : proceedings, November 7, 1986, Fresno, CA. Wyman, Christie; Vieira, Linda; Hoopes, Cindy California Agrarian Action Project, Valley Action Network Davis, CA : Small Farm Center, Cooperation Extension, University of California, Davis, [1987?]; 1987. 65 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. (Family farm series). Cover title. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--California--Congresses; Family farms--California--Congresses; Field crops--Economic aspects--California--Congresses 95 NAL Call. No.: S451.I8F3 Farming with fewer chemicals a farmer-to-farmer directory. Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement Des Moines, Iowa : The Citizens, c1989-1990; 1989-1990. 2 v. : maps ; 28 cm. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural systems--Iowa--Directories; Sustainable agriculture--Iowa--Directories; Farmers--Iowa-- Directories 96 NAL Call. No.: A00061 Farmland fadeout. Knickerbocker, B. Boston, Mass. : Christian Science Pub. Society; 1991 Mar21. The Christian Science monitor v. 83 (80): p. 13; 1991 Mar21. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farming; Land use; Legislation; Federal government 97 NAL Call. No.: 30 AD9 Farm-scale agronomic and economic conversion from conventional to sustainable agriculture. MacRae, R.J.; Hill, S.B.; Mehuys, G.R.; Henning, J. San Diego, Calif. : Academic Press; 1990. Advances in agronomy v. 43: p. 155-198. ill; 1990. Literature review. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Sustained yield management; Traditional farming; Economic analysis; Farm management; Resource management; Literature reviews 98 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 B52 Fazenda Palmeira: ecological farming on five thousand acres. Hoffmann, M. Wyoming, R.I. : Bio-Dynamic Farming and Gardening Association; 1985. Bio-dynamics (156): p. 37-43; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: Brazil; Subtropics; Alternative farming; Cattle farming; Ecology; Farm management 99 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.K4 1988 Fear not to sow because of the birds essays on country living and natural farming from Walnut Acres., 1st ed.. Keene, Paul; Seymour, Dorothy Z. Chester, Conn. : Globe Pequot Press; 1988. viii, 151 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 22 cm. Includes index. Language: English; English Descriptors: Walnut Acres (Penns Creek, Pa.); Organic farming--Pennsylvania--Penns Creek; Farm life--Pennsylvania--Penns Creek 100 NAL Call. No.: TX341.F696 Finding oasis in time of drought. Forster, T. New York, N.Y. : World Hunger Year, Inc; 1988. Food monitor (45): p. 24-27, 38. ill; 1988. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Food production; Food policy; Organic farming; Biotechnology; Alternative farming Abstract: Is the new concept of sustainable agriculture a mirage or oasis of hope? In this article, the future of agriculture is discussed in terms of low input farming and organic farming versus industrial farming. 101 NAL Call. No.: 1.9 EC78AF Firm level adjustments to financial stress. Barry, P.J.; Ellinger, P.N.; Eidman, V.R. Itaca, N.Y. : Cornell University; 1987. Agricultural finance review v. 47 (special issue): p. 72-99; 1987. Paper presented at a symposium on "Financial Stress in Agriculture: Issues and Implications," November 24-25, 1986, Kansas City. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Illinois; Minnesota; Farm indebtedness; Alternative farming; Simulation models; Farm management; Decision making 102 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.1236 First steps moving toward sustainability : economic management.. First steps; moving toward sustainability Economic management Iowa State University, Cooperative Extension Service Ames, Iowa? : Extension, [1990?]; 1990. 1 videocassette (26 min.) : sd., col. ; 3/4 in. Program was prepared with the support of USDA Agreement 88-COOP-1-3523. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture Abstract: Examines how sustainable agriculture allocates land, labor, management, and capital resources into a system which can be adapted to meet individual farmers' goals in terms of productivity and environmental effects. Presents several sustainable agricultural projects in terms of what realistic returns are recieved from low and high management farming systems. 103 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S86W67 Food 2000 global policies for sustainable agriculture : a report of the Advisory Panel on Food Security, Agriculture, Forestry, and Environment to the World Commission on Environment and Development. World Commission on Environment and Development. Advisory Panel on Food Security, Agriculture, Forestry, and Environment; World Commission on Environment and Development London ; New Jersey : Zed Books; 1987. xi, 131 p. ; 20 cm. Bibliography: p. 123-126. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--Government policy; Agricultural ecology; Agriculture and state; Sustainable agriculture; Food supply 104 NAL Call. No.: SB323.C63 Food from dryland gardens an ecological, nutritional, and social approach to small-scale household food production. Cleveland, David A.; Soleri, Daniela Center for People, Food, and Environment Tucson, Arizona, USA : Center for People, Food, and Environment,; 1991. xiii, 387 p. : ill., map ; 28 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 353-372) and index. Language: English Descriptors: Vegetable gardening; Truck farming; Food crops; Arid regions agriculture; Sustainable agriculture; Nutrition 105 NAL Call. No.: 282.9 G7992 Forestry's role in sustainable agriculture. Kuhn, G.; Brandle, J.R.; Rietveld, W.J. Lincoln, Neb. : The Council; 1990. Proceedings - Great Plains Agricultural Council. p. 47-56; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Trees; Forestry; Sustainability; Protection; Windbreaks; Production; Agroforestry; Social benefits 106 NAL Call. No.: A00008 The future of alternative agriculture. Madden, P. Knoxville, Tenn. : Tenneessee Valley Authority; 1988. Forum for applied and public policy v. 3 (2): p. 71-79; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Farm inputs; Sustained yield management; Resource conservation; Regeneration; Agricultural policy 107 NAL Call. No.: HN79.A14R87 The future of small farms in a sustainable agriculture. Ikerd, J. Ames, Iowa : North Central Regional Center for Rural Development; 1989 Nov. Rural development news v. 13 (5): p. 3-4; 1989 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Small farms; Alternative farming; Resource conservation; Environmental protection; Social welfare; Market competition; Farm management; Diversification 108 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S86F74 Global dust bowl can we stop the destruction of the land before it's too late?. Freudenberger, C. Dean, Minneapolis : Augsburg; 1990. 126 p. ; 22 cm. Bibliography: p. 121-126. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture; Agricultural ecology; Agriculture; Agriculture--Moral and ethical aspects 109 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.O74 Growing organic on $100,000 acres]. Martin, K. Emmaus, Pa. : Rodale Press, Inc; 1991 May. Organic gardening v. 38 (5): p. 62-65; 1991 May. Language: English Descriptors: Virginia; Organic farming; Family farms; Suburban areas 110 NAL Call. No.: S451.W6L35 Guidelines for developing university sustainable agriculture programs suggestions for research, extension and instruction. Lamm, Tom Wisconsin Rural Development Center, Sustainable Agriculture Public Research Project Black Earth, Wis. : Wisconsin Rural Development Center; 1989. 31, [3] p. : ill. ; 28 cm. "January, 1989"--Cover. Bibliography: p. [33-34]. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--Wisconsin; Agricultural systems--Economic aspects--Wisconsin; Agricultural ecology-- Wisconsin; Agricultural extension work--Wisconsin 111 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.G8 1988 Guidelines for the organic foods industry. Organic Foods Production Association of North America Belchertown, MA : Organic Foods Production Association of North America, 1988; 1988. iii, 40 leaves ; 28 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Food industry and trade; Natural foods; Farm management 112 NAL Call. No.: 166.2 N47 Hawaii cooperatives give producers hope for diversified agriculture. Ingalsbe, G. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1989 Jun. Farmer cooperatives - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Cooperative Service v. 56 (3): p. 10-14. ill; 1989 Jun. Language: English Descriptors: Hawaii; Agricultural production; Production structure; Diversification; Profitability; Structural change; Cooperative farming; Alternative farming 113 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 He took his farm to the city. Logsdon, G. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1985 Sep. The New farm v. 7 (6): p. 28-29, 39; 1985 Sep. Language: English Descriptors: Ohio; Suburban agriculture; Urban areas; Organic farming; Marketing; Prices; Labor; Lettuces 114 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.H43 Healthy harvest a directory of sustainable agriculture and horticulture organizations. National Institute for Science, Law, and Public Policy (U.S.) Washington, D.C. : Potomac Valley Press,; 1985-9999. Healthy harvest. v. : ill. ; 28 cm; 1985-9999. Description based on: 3 (1989-1990). Issued by: National Institute for Science, Law, and Public Policy. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming--Societies, etc--Directories; Organic gardening--Societies, etc--Directories; Horticulture-- Societies, etc--Directories; Sustainable agriculture-- Societies, etc--Directories 115 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.H425 1987 Healthy harvest II a directory of sustainable agriculture and horticulture organizations, 1987-1988.. Healthy harvest 2 Healthy harvest two, 1987-1988 ed.. Sanzone, Susan J.; Burman, Jenny; Hage, Mary Agnes Washington, D.C. : Potomac Valley Press; 1987. 119 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Includes indexes. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming--Societies, etc--Directories; Sustainable agriculture--Societies, etc--Directories; Organic gardening--Societies, etc--Directories; Horticulture-- Societies, etc--Directories 116 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 His nitrogen fertilizer earns $45 per acre. Logsdon, G. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1986 Jul. The New farm v. 8 (5): p. 26-28; 1986 Jul. Language: English Descriptors: Ohio; Trifolium pratense; Zea mays; Avena sativa; Triticum; Rotations; Fertilizer application; Profits; Organic farming; Profits; Crop yield 117 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 AG835 Impact of available policy options on consumer welfare. Ortmann, G.F. Pretoria : South Africa. Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Marketing; 1986 Jun. Agrekon v. 25 (2): p. 42-44; 1986 Jun. Paper presented at the "Conference on Alternative Agricultural Food Policies and the White Paper on the Agricultural Policy of the Republic of South Africa," April 30-May 1, 1986, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South Africa; Agricultural policy; Consumer protection; Government; Production controls; Price controls; Cost benefit analysis; Social costs; Sugar industry; Dairy industry; Beef production 118 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 AG835 Impact of available policy options on trade and macro economic behaviour. Dockel, J.A. Pretoria : South Africa. Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Marketing; 1986 Jun. Agrekon v. 25 (2): p. 45-52; 1986 Jun. Paper presented at the "Conference on Alternative Agricultural Food Policies and the White Paper on the Agricultural Policy of the Republic of South Africa," April 30-May 1, 1986, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South Africa; Agricultural policy; Economic impact; Trade; Macroeconomic analysis; Models 119 NAL Call. No.: HD101.S6 Impacts of alternative farm policies on rural communities. Bowker, J.M.; Richardson, J.W. Experiment, Ga. : The Association; 1989 Dec. Southern journal of agricultural economics - Southern Agricultural Economics Association v. 21 (2): p. 35-46; 1989 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Texas; Food grains; Feed grains; Cotton; Counties; Rural communities; Economic impact; Target prices; Supply balance; Production controls; Export subsidies; Support measures; Legislation; Soil conservation; Interest rates; Econometric models; Linear programming; Input output analysis Abstract: The purpose of this study was to describe an LP/IO model for evaluating the economic impacts of alternative farm policies on rural communities and demonstrate its capabilities by analyzing the impacts of three farm policies on a rural community in Texas. Results indicate that in the noncrop sector, two groups of industries are most affected by farm policy. The first group relates to production directly (agricultural services, banking and credit, and nondurable manufacturing) and the second group relates to households (retail trade and services). Farm policies which reduce production but increase net returns cause losses for the first group while benefitting the second group. Both groups are made worse off by farm policies which reduce agricultural production and the value of output. 120 NAL Call. No.: HD1775.S8E262 no.91-4 Impacts of rising energy prices on the attractiveness of sustainable farming systems. Dobbs, Thomas L. South Dakota State University, Economics Dept Brookings, S.D. : Economics Dept., South Dakota State University,; 1991. v, 29 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Economics staff paper series ; no. 91-4.). June 1991. Includes bibliographical references (p. 23). Language: English; English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture 121 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 N814A no.272 Impacts of sustainable agriculture on North Dakota rural communities. Dahl, Bruce L. Fargo, ND : Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station, North Dakota State University,; 1991. viii, 29 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Agricultural economics report (North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (Fargo)) ; no. 272.). Cover title. April 1991. Includes bibliographical references (p. 21-23). Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture; Rural conditions 122 NAL Call. No.: S401.A45 Impediments to adoption of an ecological system of agriculture. Coleman, E.W. Gainesville, Fla. : The Program, [1983?]; 1983. Agriculture, change and human values : proceedings, multidisciplinary conference [Oct 18-21, 1982] / edited by R. Haynes, R. Lanier ; sponsored by University of Florida, Humanities and Agriculture Pro. v. 2 p. 580-596; 1983. Includes 23 references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Value systems; Innovation adoption 123 NAL Call. No.: aS21.A8U5/ARS Importance of pesticide alternatives to sustainable agriculture. Forcella, F. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1988. Reprints - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service [50]: p. 41-43; 1988. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Pesticides; Pesticide action; Toxicity; Environmental pollution; Sustained yield management; Usda 124 NAL Call. No.: HM208.E5 Improving sustainability with agricultural research. York, E.T. Jr Washington, D.C. : Heldref Publications; 1988 Nov. Environment v. 30 (9): p. 18-20, 36-40; 1988 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Industrial countries; Alternative farming; Agricultural research; Germplasm; Genetic resources; Resource management; Pest control; Soil and water conservation; Animal health; Animal nutrition; Social policy; Economic sociology; Agricultural policy 125 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Improving the relevance of formal education and training in preparing international students as change agents for low- input agriculture. Cashman, K.; Persons, E. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1988. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 3 (1): p. 35-40; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Alternative farming; Vocational training; Work experience programs Abstract: The frequent assumption that there are relevant and meaningful parallels between agriculture in the U.S. and in Less Industrialized Countries (LICs) is critically examined. Based on the results of a survey of LIC students enrolled in the College of Agriculture at the University of Minnesota, recommendations are made to more carefully focus the approach and direction of LIC student eduction. We conclude that the education and training of agriculturalists in U.S. institutions of higher learning does not relate sufficiently to the resource base and domestic needs of farming cultures in the LIC countries. A case is made for the benefit of practical experience through work with farmers whose practices and applications accommodate and reflect the realities of low- input farming practices in the LICs. Appropriate paralleled farming systems in the U.S are typified as "organic," "biological," "regenerative," or "sustainable," and LIC students could be given experience on these farms as a part of their degree program in school. 126 NAL Call. No.: S601.A34 In search of traditional farm wisdom for a more sustainable agriculture: a study of Amish farming and society. Stinner, D.H.; Paoletti, M.G.; Stinner, B.R. Amsterdam : Elsevier; 1989 Nov. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment v. 27 (1/4): p. 77-90. ill., maps; 1989 Nov. Proceedings of an International Symposium on Agricultural Ecology and Environment held April 5-7, 1988, Padova, Italy. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Ohio; Traditional farming; Agricultural society; Cultural influences 127 NAL Call. No.: HD1773.A3H46 Income and employment generation in rural areas in relation to alternative farm programs with special emphasis on the North Central region. Heady, Earl Orel,; Sonka, Steven T. Ames : North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Iowa State University,; 1973. ii, 153 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agriculture and state; Farm income; Manpower policy, Rural 128 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Income effects of limiting soil erosion under organic, conventional, and no-till systems in eastern Pennsylvania. Domanico, J.L.; Madden, P.; Partenheimer, E.J. Greenbelt : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1986. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 1 (2): p. 75-82; 1986. Includes 40 references. Language: English Descriptors: Pennsylvania; Erosion; Organic farming; Tillage; No- tillage systems; Farm management; Costs; Returns; Farm equipment; Profitability; Farm income; Linear programming 129 NAL Call. No.: HT401.S72 Information and education needs for a sustainable agriculture. Ikerd, J.E. Mississippi State, Miss. : The Center; 1990 Jun. SRDC series - Southern Rural Development Center (131): p. 53-60; 1990 Jun. In the series analytic: Agricultural and Community Development Interface / edited by P.D. Warner and R. Campbell. Proceedings of Regional Workshop, October 8-11, 1989, Williamsburg, Virginia. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainability; Profitability; Rural communities; Economic development; Information needs; Education; Development policy 130 NAL Call. No.: HD1755.I57 1985 The institutional setting for a resource-conserving agriculture. Breimyer, H.F. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc; 1985. Proposed 1985 farm bill changes : taking the bias out of farm policy : symposium proceedings, March 1985, Washington, DC. p. 11-18; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural policy; Resource conservation; Alternative farming; Legislation 131 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 The integration efficiencies of cropping systems. Harwood, R.R. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 64-75; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Pennsylvania; Cropping systems; Integrated systems; Organic farming; Farm inputs; Yields; Land productivity; Efficiency; Energy conservation 132 NAL Call. No.: HM208.E5 The intertwining of environmental problems and poverty. Mellor, J.W. Washington, D.C. : Heldref Publications; 1988 Nov. Environment v. 30 (9): p. 8-13, 28-30. ill; 1988 Nov. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Developed countries; Poverty; Environmental degradation; Erosion; Irrigation; Population density; Income distribution; Farm size; Health protection; Educational programs; Food supply; Stabilization; Environmental protection; Natural resources; Resource management; Alternative farming; Forecasts 133 NAL Call. No.: 64.9 C19 Is it possible to find a third way between "green revolution" and traditional systems of agriculture?. Messiaen, C.M. Bridgetown, Barbados : The Eastern Caribbean Center and the Caribbean Food Crops Society; 1985. Proceedings of the Caribbean Food Crops Society : annual meeting (20th): p. 219-221. ill; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: Traditional farming; Organic farming; Non- traditional crops; Mixed cropping; Green revolution 134 NAL Call. No.: SB950.2.A1J58 It's worth paying more: The benefits of alternative agriculture. Bane, G. Eugene, Or. : The Coalition; 1991. Journal of pesticide reform : a publication of the Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides v. 11 (2): p. 21-23; 1991. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Ecology; Health hazards; Social benefits; Pesticides 135 NAL Call. No.: DISS 82-01,598 The Kansas Organic Producers alternative agriculture as a social movement. Foster, Gary Stanford 1981; 1981. xvi, 360 leaves : ill., map ; 22 cm. Photocopy. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International, 1987. Bibliography: leaves 260-281. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture--Kansas--Societies, etc; Organic farming--Kansas; Social movements--Kansas 136 NAL Call. No.: S602.5.K8 The Kutztown farm report a study of a low-input crop/livestock farm. Culik, Martin N. Regenerative Agriculture Association (Emmaus, Pa.) Kutztown, PA : Rodale Research Center; 1983. 92 p. : map ; 28 cm.. (Regenerative Agriculture Library Technical Bulletin). Bibliography: p. 67-68. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural systems; Farms, Small--Economic aspects; Organic farming 137 NAL Call. No.: Fiche no.241 Lack of integrated studies of farming systems hampers transfer of research to organic farms by James Richard Lukens. Lukens, James Richard 1984; 1984, reprinted 1984. [24] leaves ; 28 cm. Bibliography: leaves [23-24]. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming--Information services; Agricultural systems--Research 138 NAL Call. No.: S3.A32 The limits of farming systems research and development: Should development administrators be interested?. Oasa, E.K.; Swanson, L.E. Barking : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers; 1986. Agricultural administration v. 23 (4): p. 201-221; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Farming systems; Agricultural research; Alternative farming; Rural development; Administration; Management development; Market economics; Appropriate technology 139 NAL Call. No.: 100 SO82S LISA: public policy. Dobbs, T.L.; Becker, D.L.; Taylor, D.C. Brookings, S.D. : The Station; 1990. South Dakota farm & home research - South Dakota, Agricultural Experiment Station v. 41 (1): p. 3-6; 1990. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Sustainability; Public sector; Environmental policy 140 NAL Call. No.: 57.8 SO4 Lisa: what it is, what it can be. St. Louis, Mo. : Solutions Magazine; 1990. Solutions v. 34 (2): p. 22-23, 26. ill; 1990. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Farm inputs; Profitability; Maximum yield; Opinions 141 NAL Call. No.: 57.8 SO4 LISA-implications for the dealer, farmer and U.S. agriculture. Tinsman, W.S. St. Louis, Mo. : Solutions Magazine; 1989 Sep. Solutions v. 33 (6): p. 26-27, 29. ill; 1989 Sep. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Farm inputs; Fertilizers; Agricultural chemicals; Agricultural production; Production costs; Resource conservation 142 NAL Call. No.: 10 AG86 Low input farming and extensification. Jordan, V.W.L. London : Agricultural Education Association; 1990. Agricultural progress v. 65: p. 101-103; 1990. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainability; Alternative farming; Cost effectiveness analysis; Environmental protection; Farming systems 143 NAL Call. No.: 290.9 AM32P Low input sustainable agricultural emphasis in the United States. White, R.K.; Stringer, W.C. St. Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1989. Paper - American Society of Agricultural Engineers (89-7085): 10 p.; 1989. Paper presented at the 1989 International Summer meeting, June 25-28, 1989, Quebec, PQ, Canada. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Sustainability; Agricultural production; Agricultural policy 144 NAL Call. No.: aHD1751.A42 Lower input use can boost returns. Nehring, R. Rockville, Md. : The Service; 1989 Jun. Agricultural outlook AO - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (153): p. 28-29; 1989 Jun. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Pollution by agriculture; Agricultural chemicals; Farm inputs; Trends; Alternative farming; Production costs; Profitability; Returns; Crop mixtures; Agricultural policy 145 NAL Call. No.: 280.8 J822 Low-input agriculture: trends, goals, and prospects for input use. Daberkow, S.G.; Reichelderfer, K.H. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1988 Dec. American journal of agricultural economics v. 70 (5): p. 1159-1166; 1988 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm inputs; Alternative farming; Trends; Goals; Agricultural chemicals; Health hazards; Groundwater pollution; Profitability; Agricultural production; Motivation; Regulations; Technical progress; Income tax; Research; Educational programs; Extension activities 146 NAL Call. No.: aHD1401.A2U52 Low- input farming faces profitability issue. Foulke, J. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1989 Feb. Farmline - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service v. 10 (2): p. 12-13. ill; 1989 Feb. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Farm inputs; Profitability; Environmental degradation; Yield increases; Trends; Production costs 147 NAL Call. No.: aHD1751.A42 Low-input practices. Daberkow, S.; Hansen, L.; Vroomen, H. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1988 Dec. Agricultural outlook AO - U.S. Deptartment of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (148): p. 23-25. ill; 1988 Dec. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Zea mays; Plant production; Farm inputs; Alternative farming; Diversification; Farm management; Rotations; Tillage; Manures 148 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 Low- input research in high gear. Cramer, C. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1988 Nov. The New farm v. 10 (7): p. 26-31. maps; 1988 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural policy; Legislation; Organic farming; Soil and water conservation; Cover crops; Green manures; Rural development; Regional planning; Agricultural research 149 NAL Call. No.: 280.8 J822 Low-input/sustainable agricultural research and education: challenges to the agricultural economics profession. Madden, P. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1988 Dec. American journal of agricultural economics v. 70 (5): p. 1167-1172; 1988 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm inputs; Alternative farming; Sustained yield management; Research; Educational programs; Agricultural economics; Biotechnology; Biological control; Farm management; Trends 150 NAL Call. No.: HD1751.A1S73 Making change a way of life. Holt, J. Gainesville, Fla. : The Department; 1986 Feb. Staff paper - University of Florida, Food and Resource Economics Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (290): 10 p.; 1986 Feb. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural crises; Farming; Investment; Change; Alternative farming 151 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 The man who could be Lyng. Brusko, M. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1988 Nov. The New farm v. 10 (7): p. 18-22. ill; 1988 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Usda; Interviews; Agricultural policy; Organic farming; Conservation; Cost benefit analysis 152 NAL Call. No.: 1.90 C2OU8 Management decisions for alternative agriculture. Moffitt, L.J. Washington, D.C. : The Department; 1990 Apr. Outlook - Proceedings, Agricultural Outlook Conference, U.S. Department of Agriculture. p. 214-219; 1990 Apr. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Farm management; Farm inputs; Extension activities 153 NAL Call. No.: HD1751.C45 Mandated training in sustainable agriculture: it's a dilemma. Hoag, D.L.; Pasour, E.C. Jr Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics Association; 1992. Choices : the magazine of food, farm and resource issues v. 7 (1): p. 32-34; 1992. Discussion by N. Schaller, p. 33. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Sustainability; Extension agents; Training; Legislation; Innovation adoption; Knowledge; Agricultural policy; Farm management 154 NAL Call. No.: 281.28 R88 Measuring adherence to alternative vs. conventional agricultural paradigms: a proposed scale. Beus, C.E.; Dunlap, R.E. Bozeman, Mont. : Rural Sociological Society; 1991. Rural sociology v. 56 (3): p. 432-460; 1991. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Washington; Alternative farming; Beliefs; Values; Models; Farmers' attitudes Abstract: Current debates and conflicts in agriculture appear to reflect the competing perspectives of two increasingly distinct camps of agricultural stakeholders: proponents of "alternative agriculture" and proponents of "conventional agriculture." Several analysts have argued that members of these two camps hold fundamentally divergent paradigms of agriculture, and thus, literally see the world quite differently. The purpose of this paper is to describe an instrument-the Alternative-conventional Agriculture Paradigm Scale (or ACAP Scale)-developed to measure the basic beliefs and values assumed to constitute the two competing perspectives in agriculture. Items designed to tap all of the major dimensions identified in the alternative-conventional agriculture debate were included in surveys of known groups of alternative and conventional agriculturalists, as well as in a statewide survey of farmers. The items discriminate significantly between the three samples (with the statewide farmer sample taking the intermediate position), suggesting their validity as measures of the elements of the competing agricultural paradigms. The items also exhibit a high degree of internal consistency, indicating the appropriateness of combining them into a single instrument to measure adherence to alternative versus conventional agriculture. As expected, the known groups provide more consistent responses than do the statewide sample of farmers, presumably reflecting the greater ideological coherence of social movement and interest group members. However, the alternative agriculturalists are far more consistent than are the conventional agriculturalists, and potential explanations for this finding are drawn from recent work on social movements. 155 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Midwestern organic farming: a ten-year follow-up. Lockeretz, W.; Madden, P. Greenbelt : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1987. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 2 (2): p. 57-63; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: North central states of U.S.A.; Organic farming; Farm management; Agricultural chemicals; Farm indebtedness; Farm income; Follow-up studies 156 NAL Call. No.: HD1773.A3F37 Missouri extension and research activities in the rural crisis. Pelham, J.T.; Heffernan, J. Ames, Iowa : North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Iowa State University; 1986. Farm crisis response : extension and research activities in the North Central Region : a network organized by Paul Lasley and Rand Conger. p. 37-41; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Missouri; Extension activities; Research; Farm indebtedness; Owner's equity; Farm management; Counseling; Support systems; Off-farm employment; Non-farm income; Alternative farming 157 NAL Call. No.: aHD1401.A2U52 More farmers, ranchers, trying 'alternatives'. Schaller, N. Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1988 Mar. Farmline - United States Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service v. 9 (3): p. 8-10. ill; 1988 Mar. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm management; Ranching; Diversification; Farm inputs; Regeneration; Farm indebtedness; Profitability; Input prices; Non-traditional crops 158 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.N37 1988 Nature's Ag School the Thompson Farm., 1988 ed.. Regenerative Agriculture Association (Emmaus, Pa.) Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1988. 65 p. : ill. maps ; 28 cm. Language: English Descriptors: Thompson Farm (Boone, Iowa); Organic farming; Organic farming--Iowa--Boone 159 NAL Call. No.: HT401.S72 New choices for the rural south. Winter, W.F. Mississippi State, Miss. : The Center; 1986 Oct. SRDC series - Southern Rural Development Center (88): p. 89-91; 1986 Oct. Paper presented at a policy forum on; "Diversification Strategies for a New Southern Agriculture," July 11-13, 1986, Fort Worth, Texas. Language: English Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Rural communities; Farm indebtedness; Bankruptcy; Farm closures; Energy resources; Manufacture; Federal government; Fiscal policy; Rural urban migration; Economic development; Entrepreneurship; Alternative farming; Retraining of farmers; Tourism; Retirement; Transport; Diversification 160 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 AG835 New directions in food and agricultural policy. Bullock, J.B. Pretoria : South Africa. Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Marketing; 1986 Jun. Agrekon v. 25 (2): p. 33-37; 1986 Jun. Paper presented at the "Conference on Alternative Agricultural Food Policies and the White Paper on the Agricultural Policy of the Republic of South Africa," April 30-May 1, 1986, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Food policy; Agricultural policy; Roles; Government; Program development; Trends 161 NAL Call. No.: S651.G3 Nitrogen use in Pennsylvania prospects for self-sufficiency. Gabel, Medard; Heiland, Amy; Pahl, Ellen Stoker Cornucopia Project Emmaus, Pa. (33 E. Minor St., Emmaus, Pa. 18049) : Cornucopia Project, Rodale Press; 1984. 18 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Bibliography: p. 16-18. Language: English Descriptors: Nitrogen fertilizers--Pennsylvania; Organic farming 162 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.B5 Observations on a mixed farm during the transition to biological husbandry. Patriquin, D.G.; Hill, N.M.; Baines, D.; Bishop, M.; Allen, G. Berkhamsted : A B Academic Publishers; 1986. Biological agriculture and horticulture v. 4 (2): p. 69-154. ill., maps; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Nova Scotia; Alternative farming; Mixed farming; Conversion; Organic matter in soil; Fertility; Weed control; Economic factors; Crop yield; Nitrogen; Phosphorus 163 NAL Call. No.: SB599.B73 Organic agriculture in the United Kingdom. Woodward, L.; Lampkin, N. Thornton : The Council; 1990. Monograph - British Crop Protection Council (45): p. 19-29; 1990. In the series analytic: Crop protection in organic and low input agriculture / edited by R. Unwin. Proceedings of a symposium, September 4-6, 1990, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Uk; Organic farming; Sustainability; Farm inputs; Cost benefit analysis 164 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Organic farmers and organic nonfarmers: the social context of organic agriculture. Foster, G.S.; Miley, J.D. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1983 Jan. The Rural sociologist v. 3 (1): p. 16-22; 1983 Jan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Sociological analysis; Farmers 165 NAL Call. No.: 64.9 Am3 no.46 Organic farming current technology and its role in a sustainable agriculture : proceedings of a symposium. Kral, David M. American Society of Agronomy, Division S-3, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America Madison, Wis. : The Societies; 1984. vii, 192 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.. (ASA special publication ; no. 46). Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming--Congresses 166 NAL Call. No.: TX341.C6 Organic farming in 1990s: learning to play 'hardball'?. Washington, D.C. : Community Nutrition Institute; 1991 Feb22. Nutrition week v. 21 (8): p. 4-5; 1991 Feb22. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Sustainability; Food industry; Food policy; Food legislation; Food marketing; Alternative farming Abstract: The organic agriculture movement may see a decline in the 1990's. Proponents of sustainable agriculture may have to make concessions in order to achieve success. Sacrifices that may be needed and marketing options are discussed. 167 NAL Call. No.: 389.8 F7398 Organically grown foods. Newsome, R. Chicago, Ill. : Institute of Food Technologists; 1990 Dec. Food technology v. 44 (12): p. 123-130. charts; 1990 Dec. Includes 58 references. Language: English Descriptors: Organic foods; Organic farming; Consumer attitudes; Motivation; Farmers; Health beliefs; Nutrition labeling; Legislation; Marketing; Nutritive value; Taste; Food costs; Food safety Abstract: This Scientific Status Summary addresses the market for organically grown foods and summarizes the current scientific information available on the perceived attributes of organically grown foods compared to those of conventionally grown foods. 168 NAL Call. No.: 10 OU8 An overview of organic farming in the UK. Marland, A. Oxford : Pergamon Press; 1989. Outlook on agriculture v. 18 (1): p. 24-27; 1989. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: United Kingdom; Organic farming; Farming systems; Husbandry; Farm management; Agricultural production; Conversion; Yields; Techniques; Consumer education; Standards; Symbols; Research 169 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Past and future of regenerative agriculture. Rodale, R. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 312-317; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Organic farming; Farmers' attitudes; Agricultural situation; History; Forecasts 170 NAL Call. No.: HD1761.P395 Paying the farm bill U.S. agricultural policy and the transition to sustainable agriculture. Faeth, Paul World Resources Institute Washington, D.C. : World Resources Institute,; 1991. ix, 70 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 65-70). Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture and state; Agriculture; Sustainable agriculture 171 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 AG835 The performance of past food, agricultural and trade policies: implications for the future. Groenewald, J.A. Pretoria : South Africa. Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Marketing; 1986 Jun. Agrekon v. 25 (2): p. 53-58; 1986 Jun. Paper presented at the "Conference on Alternative Agricultural Food Policies and the White Paper on the Agricultural Policy of the Republic of South Africa," April 30-May 1, 1986, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural policy; Food policy; Trade policy; Economic impact; Government; Intervention; Projections 172 NAL Call. No.: S539.5.A77 A perspective on alternative farm opportunities in the South. Estes, E.A.; Ingram, D.L. New York, N.Y. : Springer; 1990. Applied agricultural research v. 5 (2): p. 89-95; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Diversification; Farm income; Non-traditional crops; Livestock enterprises; Aquaculture; Commodities; Surveys Abstract: A number of researchers, extension specialists, and state department of agriculture personnel have initiated investigations of alternative enterprises in order to evaluate the economic growth potential they offer an area. To obtain a better perspective on the number and type of activities under investigation in various southern states, open-ended questionnaires were sent to 44 individuals in 14 Southern states. This article reports on some findings obtained from this survey. Approximately one-half of the 80 projects identified by respondents were directed toward horticultural crop commodity investigations while 19 of the total projects investigated aquacultural-related activities. Survey results indicate that horticultural crop alternatives will continue to be investigated and emphasized by personnel in southern land grant institutions over the next several years. 173 NAL Call. No.: S482.P58 Planting the future a resource guide to sustainable agriculture in the Third World. Nanda, Meera Minneapolis, MN : International Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture, c1990-; 1990-9999. 1 v. (loose-leaf) : ill. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture 174 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 F22 Policy options for a more sustainable agriculture. Madden, P. Oak Brook, Ill. : Farm Foundation; 1988. Increasing understanding of public problems and policies. p. 134-142; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Agricultural policy; Farm management; Public relations; Regulations; Soil conservation; Extension education; Research; Program evaluation 175 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822 Policy proposals to foster sustainable agriculture. Hassebrook, C.; Kroese, R. Ankeny, Iowa : Soil and Water Conservation Society of America; 1990 Jan. Journal of soil and water conservation v. 45 (1): p. 24-27. ill; 1990 Jan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural policy; Fostering; Sustainability; Erosion 176 NAL Call. No.: SB950.A2B74 The potential of organic farming systems for reduced farm inputs. Unwin, R.J. Surrey : British Crop Protection Council; 1990. Brighton Crop Protection Conference-Pests and Diseases v. 3: p. 1231-1240; 1990. Meeting held November 19-22, 1990, Brighton, England. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Uk; Organic farming; Farm inputs; Sustainability 177 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Preferences for crop production practices among conventional and alternative farmers. Buttel, F.H.; Gillespie, G.W. Jr Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1988. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 3 (1): p. 11-16; 1988. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: New York; Alternative farming; Organic farming; Crops; Farmers' attitudes; Farm surveys; Decision making Abstract: One of the major gaps in the empirical literature comparing conventional and organic farmers is the degree to which conventional farmers would prefer or can be motivated to use reduced-input practices comparable to those of alternative agriculturalists. This paper presents the results of a 1987 survey of a random sample of New York farm operators and a two-thirds sample of the membership list of the New York State chapter of the Natural Organic Farmers Association (NOFA-NY). The results show that while conventional farmers tend to have a lower preference for reduced-input practices than do alternative agriculturalists (NOFA-NY members), conventional farmers tend to prefer pest- and disease-resistant crop varieties, nonpurchased, on-farm-produced sources of fertility, and nonchemical means of disease control over high- input, chemically-based production practices. The largest differences between conventional and alternative agriculturalists are with respect to preferences for weed control practices. For six of the eight practices assessed, operators of small farms (annual gross sales less than $40,000) were intermediate in their preferences between commercial-scale farmers (gross sales $40,000 or more) and alternative agriculturalists. There was, however, virtually no difference between conventional and organic farmers in their tillage practice preferences; similar percentages of the NOFA members and commercial-scale farmers preferred minimum tillage practices, while the percentage of small farmers preferring to use as few tillage operations as possible was lower than that of both commercial-scale and organic farmers. Differences between cnventional and organic farmers in their production practice preferences are far smaller than differences in their environmental orientations. 178 NAL Call. No.: 6 F2212 The price we'll pay for "clean" food. Steel, S.H. Philadelphia, Pa. : The Journal; 1989 Jun. Farm journal v. 113 (9): p. 12-13. ill; 1989 Jun. Language: English Descriptors: Food contamination; Consumer attitudes; Farmers' attitudes; Market prices; Organic farming 179 NAL Call. No.: S451.W6S7 1987 Proceedings of a Statewide Conference on Sustainable Agriculture Farming Systems exploring the impacts on farm profitability and the environment : February 10-11, 1987, University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point.. Statewide conference on sustainable agriculture farming systems in Wisconsin : proceedings Exploring the impacts on farm profitability and the environment Krome, Margaret Wisconsin Rural Development Center Statewide Conference on Sustainable Agriculture Farming Systems 1987 : University of Wisconsin. Black Earth, Wis. : Wisconsin Rural Development Center, [1987?]; 1987. 20 p. : ill., ports : 28 cm. "February, 1987"-- Cover. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--Economic aspects-- Wisconsin--Congresses; Agricultural systems--Economic aspects-- Wisconsin--Congresses; Agricultural ecology--Wisconsin-- Congresses 180 NAL Call. No.: 100 Ok4 (1) no.563 Production and income variabilty of alternative farm enterprises in northwest Oklahoma. Greve, Robert W.; Plaxico, James Sam,_1924-; Lagrone, William F. Stillwater, Okla. : Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station; 1960. 38 p. : map ; 23 cm. (Bulletin B ; 563). Cover title. Bibliography: p. 30-31. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agricultural systems--Oklahoma 181 NAL Call. No.: HD1773.A2N6 The profitability of sustainable agriculture on a representative grain farm in the Mid-Atlantic region, 1981-89. Hanson, J.C.; Johnson, D.M.; Peters, S.E.; Janke, R.R. Morgantown, W.Va. : The Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association; 1990 Oct. Northeastern journal of agricultural and resource economics v. 19 (2): p. 90-98; 1990 Oct. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pennsylvania; Middle atlantic states of U.S.A.; Maize; Soybeans; Wheat; Oats; Grain; Farming systems; Farm comparisons; Commercial farming; Sustainability; Profitability; Liquidity; Risk; Models; Federal programs; Participation 182 NAL Call. No.: HD1773.A3F37 Project support tackles rural problems in Minnesota. Mangum, K. Ames, Iowa : North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Iowa State University; 1986. Farm crisis response : extension and research activities in the North Central Region : a network organized by Paul Lasley and Rand Conger. p. 32-36; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Minnesota; Farm indebtedness; Farm families; Alternative farming; Farm management; Stress management; Cash flow; Rural development; Development projects; Support systems; Extension activities 183 NAL Call. No.: HD1755.I57 1985 Proposed 1985 farm bill changes taking the bias out of farm policy : symposium proceedings, March 1985, Washington, DC.. Proceedings of Institute for Alternative Agriculture Second Annual Scientific Symposium, Washington, D.C., March, 1985 Institute for Alternative Agriculture (U.S.) Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc; 1985. ii, 54 p. ; 28 cm. On cover: "Proceedings of Institute for Alternative Agriculture Second Annual Scientific Symposium, Washington, D.C., March, 1985.". March 1985. Includes bibliographies. Language: English; English Descriptors: Agriculture and state--United States--Congresses; Agricultural conservation--United States--Congresses; Agricultural laws and legislation--United States--Congresses 184 NAL Call. No.: HD1755.I57 1985 Public agricultural research and education policy and the development of resource-conserving agricultural systems. Buttel, F.H. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc; 1985. Proposed 1985 farm bill changes : taking the bias out of farm policy : symposium proceedings, March 1985, Washington, DC. p. 19-39; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural research; Agricultural education; Agricultural policy; Resource conservation; Alternative farming; Legislation 185 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 'Quit chemicals? you must be kidding]'. Brusko, M. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1988 Jan. The New farm v. 10 (1): p. 36-40. ill; 1988 Jan. Language: English Descriptors: Wisconsin; Dairy farming; Feeds; Rotations; Alternative farming; Crop yield; Cost control 186 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Reduced-input agricultural systems: a critique. Buttel, F.H.; Gillespie, G.W. Jr University Park, Pa. : Rural Sociological Society; 1986 Sep. The Rural sociologist v. 6 (5): p. 350-370; 1986 Sep. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Organic farming; Regeneration; Farm management; Innovation adoption; Farmers' attitudes; Environmental pollution; Pollution by agriculture; Farm size; Literature reviews 187 NAL Call. No.: TC401.A5 Reducing nitrogen pollution from crop production systems: a watershed perspective. Norris, P.E.; Shabman, L.A. Bethesda, Md. : The Association; 1988 Nov. American Water Resources Association technical publication series TPS (88-4): p. 29-38; 1988 Nov. In the series analytic: Nonpoint pollution: 1988--policy, economy, management, and appropriate technology / edited by V. Novotny. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Virginia; Water pollution; Nitrogen; Cropping systems; Pollution by agriculture; Control; Watershed management; Cost benefit analysis; Costs; Returns; Alternative farming 188 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 Regenerating rural America. McCoy, D. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1987 Jan. The New farm v. 9 (1): p. 38-39; 1987 Jan. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Part time farming; Market gardens; Organic farming; Production costs 189 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.O63R4 Regenerative farming systems a workshop report, Washington, D.C., December 10-11, 1985. Emmaus, PA : Regenerative Agriculture Association, [1986?]; 1986. 216 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Cover title. Includes bibliographies. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming--Congresses; Agricultural systems--Congresses; Agriculture--Congresses 190 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.S86G7 Reshaping the bottom line on-farm strategies for a sustainable agriculture. Granatstein, David Land Stewardship Project (U.S.) Lewiston, MN : Land Stewardship Project; 1988. vi, 63 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Bibliography: p. 60-63. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture 191 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.A3R472 Resource audit and planning guide for integrated farm management. Small Farm Resources Project, Center for rural Affairs Hartington, Neb. : Center for Rural Affairs, [1989?]; 1989. 32 p., [64] leaves (some folded) : ill., forms ; 28 cm. Cover title. Language: English Descriptors: Farms, Small; Family farms; Farm management; Sustainable agriculture 192 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.U52N4 Resourceful farming a primer for family farmers.. Water practices project, resourceful farming Small Farm Resources Project, Center for Rural Affairs Hartington, Neb. : [Center for Rural Affairs?; 1987. 118 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. Cover title. Caption title: Water practices project, resourceful farming. Fall 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Farms, Small--Economic aspects--Nebraska; Agriculture--Economic aspects; Organic farming; Farm management 193 NAL Call. No.: S544.3.V8V52 Resources for a sustainable agriculture. Luna, J. (comp.) Blacksburg, Va. : Extension Division, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; 1988 Jan. Publication - Virginia Cooperative Extension Service (444-201): 4 p.; 1988 Jan. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Farming systems; Sustained yield management; Bibliographies; Periodicals 194 NAL Call. No.: HT401.S72 Responses to changing community needs. Vaughan, R. Mississippi State, Miss. : The Center; 1986 Oct. SRDC series - Southern Rural Development Center (88): p. 85-88; 1986 Oct. Paper presented at a policy forum on; "Diversification Strategies for a New Southern Agriculture," July 11-13, 1986, Fort Worth, Texas. Language: English Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Virginia; Fruits; Vegetables; Rural communities; Consumer preferences; Product quality; Alternative farming; Capital; Marketing techniques; Land use; Domestic production; Intracommunity markets; Intracommunity trade; Picking; Gourmet cooking; Health; Diversification 195 NAL Call. No.: HT401.S72 Responses to changing community needs. DuVall, T.C. Mississippi State, Miss. : The Center; 1986 Oct. SRDC series - Southern Rural Development Center (88): p. 81-84; 1986 Oct. Paper presented at a policy forum on; "Diversification Strategies for a New Southern Agriculture," July 11-13, 1986, Fort Worth, Texas. Language: English Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Georgia; Rural communities; Infrastructure; Structural change; Farm indebtedness; International trade; Agricultural situation; Unemployment; Income distribution; Industrialization; Rural industry; Leadership; Education; Cultural centers; Cultural environment; Labor market; Rural planning; Value added; Local government; Alternative farming; Diversification 196 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 C81AE Results of a survey of cooperative extension field staff regarding alternative farming enterprises. Schuck, N.G.; Knoblauch, W.; Green, J. Ithaca, N.Y. : The Department; 1987 May. A.E. Ext. - New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics (87-12): 21 p.; 1987 May. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: New York; Alternative farming; Farm enterprises; Farm surveys; Cooperative extension service 197 NAL Call. No.: HD101.S6 Risk and sustainable agriculture: a target-motad analysis of the 92-year "old rotation". Novak, J.L.; Mitchell, C.C. Jr; Crews, J.R. Experiment, Ga. : The Association; 1990 Jul. Southern journal of agricultural economics - Southern Agricultural Economics Association v. 22 (1): p. 145-153; 1990 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alabama; Gossypium; Maize; Leguminosae; Glycine max; Secale cereale; Nitrogen fertilizers; Rotations; Agricultural research; Risks; Farm results; Returns; Optimization; Motad; Econometric models; University research Abstract: Target-MOTAD was used to assess the risks and returns of sustainable cotton crop rotations from Auburn University's 92-year "Old Rotation." Study results analyze rotations of continuous cotton, with and without winter legumes; two years of cotton-winter legumes-corn, with and without nitrogen fertilization; and three years of cotton- winter legumes-corn and rye-soybeans double-cropped. Ten years of observations on deviations from target income were used to identify optimal sustainable rotation(s). Study results suggest that diversification in rotations, as well as in crops, results in the least risk for a given level of target income. 198 NAL Call. No.: S542.A8A34 The role and impact of socioeconomic and policy research in effecting technology adoption. Fujisaka, S. Canberra : Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research; 1991. ACIAR proceedings series (33): p. 77-82; 1991. Paper presented at the "Seminar on Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture on Marginal Uplands in Southeast Asia," December 10-14, 1990, Ternate, Cavite, Philippines. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: South asia; Upland areas; Land use; Sustainability; Research 199 NAL Call. No.: HD101.S6 The role of alternative agricultural enterprises in a changing agricultural economy. Babb, E.M.; Long, B.F. Experiment, Ga. : The Association; 1987 Jul. Southern journal of agricultural economics - Southern Agricultural Economics Association v. 19 (1): p. 7-15; 1987 Jul. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Farm enterprises; Profitability; Diversification; Trends; Farm structure; Structural change; Market economics 200 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 The role of sustainable agriculture in improving the safety and quality of the food supply. Clancy, K.L. Greenbelt : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1986. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 1 (1): p. 11-18; 1986. Literature review. Includes 97 references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural production; Food supply; Food safety 201 NAL Call. No.: HC107.A13R4 Rural economic initiatives in North Carolina. Oliver, J.R. Mississippi State, MS : Southern Rural Development Center; 1987 Oct. Responding to the crisis in the rural South : highlights of selected public and private sector initiatives, Atlanta, Georgia, May 18-20, 1987 / Farm Foundation, Southern Rural Development Center ; CSRS/USDA ... [et al.].. p. 21-26; 1987 Oct. Language: English Descriptors: North Carolina; Tobacco; Rural economy; Rural development; Economic development; Case studies; Agricultural structure; Structural change; State government; Program development; Agricultural credit; Parks; Marketing techniques; Educational programs; Infrastructure; Retraining of farmers; Alternative farming; Job skills; Small businesses; Rural industry; Community programs; Development plans 202 NAL Call. No.: S494.5.A65R63 Save three lives a plan for famine prevention.. Famine prevention Plan for famine prevention Rodale, Robert San Francisco : Sierra Club Books,; 1991. 253 p. ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative agriculture; Food supply; Organic farming; Agriculture 203 NAL Call. No.: 6 W55 Search for a sustainable agriculture: reduced inputs and increased profits. Francis, C.; Sander, D.; Martin, A. Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1987 Aug. Crops and soils magazine v. 39 (9): p. 12-14. ill; 1987 Aug. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Sustained yield management; Farm management; Soil fertility; Soil testing; Pest control; Cropping systems; Profits 204 NAL Call. No.: S441.M4 A search for the unifying concept for sustainable agriculture. Jackson, W. San Francisco : North Point Press; 1984. Meeting the expectations of the land : essays in sustainable agriculture and stewardship / edited by Wes Jackson, Wendell Berry, Bruce Colman. p. 208-229; 1984. References p. 246-247. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Farming systems; Ecological balance; Cultural values; Farm management 205 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 N814A no.271 Selected characteristics of North Dakota farm families engaged in sustainable agricultural practices. Jacobsen, Roy M. Fargo, ND : Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station, North Dakota State University,; 1991. v, 14 p. ; 28 cm. (Agricultural economics report (North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (Fargo)) ; no. 271.). Cover title. April 1991. Includes bibliographical references (p. 13-14). Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture; Rural families 206 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.U5S77 1984 The small farm problem: Evaluating the performance of alternative market institutions. Christy, R.D. Tuskegee, Ala. : Tuskegee Institute, Human Resources Development Center; 1985. Strategy for survival of small farmers, international implications / editor, Thomas T. Williams. p. 61-72. ill; 1985. Paper presented at the Professional Agricultural Workers Conference on "Strategy for Survival of Small Farmers," Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, 1984. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Small farms; Alternative farming; Product markets; Structural change; Market economics; Cooperative farming; Farm results; Commodity markets 207 NAL Call. No.: S601.A34 A small low-input commercial apple orchard in eastern North America: management and economics. Prokopy, R.J. Amsterdam : Elsevier; 1991 Feb01. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment v. 33 (4): p. 353-362; 1991 Feb01. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Malus pumila; Orchards; Crop management; Sustainability; Organic farming; Plant disease control; Weed control; Pest control; Economic analysis; Cost benefit analysis 208 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Small scale farming in Austria. Plakolm, G. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 276-283; 1985. Information based on 47 farms using organic methods. Language: English Descriptors: Austria; Organic farming; Small farms; Farmers' attitudes; Farm families; Farm surveys 209 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822 Social traps and incentives: implications for low-input, sustainable agriculture. Williams, J.R. Ankeny, Iowa : Soil and Water Conservation Society of America; 1990 Jan. Journal of soil and water conservation v. 45 (1): p. 28-30. ill; 1990 Jan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainability; Agricultural policy; Incentives 210 NAL Call. No.: aZ5071.N3 Societal impacts of adoption of alternative agricultural practices, January 1979-April 1990. MacLean, J.T. Beltsville, Md. : The Library; 1990 Jun. Quick bibliography series - U.S. Department of Agriculure, National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (90-57): 16 p.; 1990 Jun. Bibliography. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Organic farming; Attitudes; Bibliographies 211 NAL Call. No.: HD1755.I57 1985 Soil conservation policy and alternative agriculture. Kramer, R.A. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc; 1985. Proposed 1985 farm bill changes : taking the bias out of farm policy : symposium proceedings, March 1985, Washington, DC. p. 40-48; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Soil conservation; Alternative farming; Agricultural policy; Legislation 212 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Species interactions and community ecology in low external- input agriculture. Gliessman, S.R. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1987. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 2 (4): p. 160-165; 1987. Paper presented at a Symposium on "The Role of Ecology in Lower-Input, Sustainable Agriculture," August 10, 1987, Columbus, Ohio. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Crops; Plant interaction; Plant communities 213 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 Spend less, make more & keep EPA off your back. DeVault, G. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1986 Jul. The New farm v. 8 (5): p. 2, 40-41; 1986 Jul. Language: English Descriptors: Iowa; Costs; Cost control; Profits; Agricultural chemicals; Organic farming; Pollution by agriculture; Expenditure 214 NAL Call. No.: ArU530.5.M43 1989 State policy issues in sustainable agriculture. Meeks, Gordon National Conference of State Legislatures Denver, Colo. : National Conference of State Legislatures,; 1989. v, 60 p. ; 28 cm. May 1989. Includes bibliographical references (p. 59-60). Language: English; English Descriptors: Agriculture; United States; States; Agriculture and state; United States; States; Sustainable agriculture; United States; States; Agricultural conservation; United States; States; Agricultural conservation; Iowa 215 NAL Call. No.: S75.F87 Strategies for the future. Erb, C. East Lansing, Mich. : The Station; 1989. Futures - Michigan State University, Agricultural Experiment Station v. 7 (1): p. 2. ill; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: Michigan; Alternative farming; Sustained yield management; Experimental stations; Research policy; Agricultural research 216 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.B7 A study of 11 Wisconsin organic farmers' characteristics, production methods and information-seeking behavior. Brendlinger, Nancy 1984; 1984. vii, 122 leaves ; 28 cm. Cover title. Typescript. Bibliography: leaves 118-122. Language: English; English Descriptors: Organic farming--Wisconsin 217 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.I45 1984 A study of a low-input crop/livestock farm. Culik, M.N.; McAllister, J.C.; Palada, M.C.; Rieger, S.L. Witzenhausen : Verlagsgruppe Witzenhausen; 1986. The importance of biological agriculture in a world of diminishing resources : proc of the 5th IFOAM Int Scientific Conference at the Univ of Kassel (Germany), Aug 27-30, 1984 / H. Vogtmann, E. Boehncke, I. Fricke, eds. p. 297-309. ill; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Pennsylvania; Organic farming; Rotations; Sustained yield management; Productivity; Crop yield; Cost benefit analysis; Livestock farming; Erosion; Soil fertility; Farm inputs 218 NAL Call. No.: Audiocassette no.152 Successful organic farmers. Committee for Sustainable Agriculture, Audio Productions Ecological Farmer Conference 1990 : Asilomar, Calif. Colfax, CA : CSA ; [Seattle, WA : Distributed by] Audio Productions; 1990. 1 sound cassettes (90 min.).. At head of title: Ecological Farmer Conference 1990. Presented at the 10th anniversay Ecological Farming Conference, January 12-14, 1990, at Asilomar, Calif. F 714a. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming--Economic aspects--United States-- Congresses; Sustainable agriculture--Economic aspects--United States--Congresses 219 NAL Call. No.: S599.7.Q4L35 1989 Sustainability in Queensland agriculture the role of land care in securing the future : proceedings of the Land Care Symposium, Brisbane, 20 October 1989. Blamey, F. P. C._1944-; Strong, W. M. Australian Institute of Agricultural Science, Queensland Branch, Australian Soil Science Society, Queensland Branch Land Care Symposium 1989 : Brisbane, Qld. Melbourne : Australian Institute of Agricultural Science,; 1990. v, 109 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm. (AIAS occasional publication ; no. 44). Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Soil conservation; Sustainable agriculture 220 NAL Call. No.: S401.A45 Sustainable agricultural futures: preliminary goals and criteria to assess growth. Boody, G.M. Gainesville, Fla. : The Program, [1983?]; 1983. Agriculture, change and human values : proceedings, multidisciplinary conference [Oct 18-21, 1982] / edited by R. Haynes, R. Lanier ; sponsored by University of Florida, Humanities and Agriculture Pro. v. 2 p. 597-612; 1983. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agriculture; Goals; Value systems; Alternative farming; Trends; Assessment 221 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Sustainable agricultural research and technology transfer: socio-political opportunities and constraints. Buttel, F.H.; Youngberg, I.G. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 287-297; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural research; Agricultural policy; Research policy; Alternative farming; Technology transfers; Sociological analysis; Politics; Constraints 222 NAL Call. No.: 10 OU8 Sustainable agricultural systems and food security. Swaminathan, M.S. Oxon : C.A.B. International; 1991 Dec. Outlook on agriculture v. 20 (4): p. 243-249. ill; 1991 Dec. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Food supply; Agroforestry; Monitoring; Resource management; Sustainability; World food problems 223 NAL Call. No.: 500 M663 Sustainable agriculture -- benefits for Minnesota. Kroese, R.; Cramer, C. St. Paul, Minn. : The Academy; 1990. Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science v. 55 (2): p. 34-38; 1990. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Minnesota; Sustainability; Farming systems; Organic farming; Profitability; Soil conservation 224 NAL Call. No.: TD424.35.T2W37 Sustainable agriculture and environmental quality symposium. Johnson, L.A. Knoxville, Tenn. : The Service; 1992 Feb. Water protection conservation management v. 5 (1): p. 1-2; 1992 Feb. Language: English Descriptors: Tennessee; Water conservation; Water policy; Water pollution; Water resources; Law 225 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 Sustainable agriculture and the challenge of place. Ehrenfeld, D. Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1987. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 2 (4): p. 184-187; 1987. Paper presented at a Symposium on "The Role of Ecology in Lower-Input, Sustainable Agriculture," August 10, 1987, Columbus, Ohio. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Innovations; Innovation adoption; Farmers' attitudes 226 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 N814A no.274 Sustainable agriculture and the structure of North Dakota agriculture. Sell, Randall S. North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (Fargo) Fargo, ND : Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station, North Dakota State University,; 1991. v, 19 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Agricultural economics report (North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (Fargo)) ; no. 274.). Cover title. June 1991. Includes bibliographical references (p. 15-16). Language: English; English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture; Agriculture 227 NAL Call. No.: Z5075.U5M5 Sustainable agriculture for California a guide to information. Mitchell, Steve; Bainbridge, David University of California (System), Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Oakland, Calif. : University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program,; 1991. 198 p. ; 28 cm. (Publication (University of California (System). Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources) ; 3349.). Errata slip inserted. Includes index. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture 228 NAL Call. No.: S451.V8S9 Sustainable agriculture-- for Virginia's future. Virginia Cooperative Extension Service King George, Va.? : King County Extension Service?, 1987?; 1987. 45 p. ; 28 cm. Cover title. February 23, 1987. "Conference proceedings, sustainable agriculture... for Virginia's future"--P. 2 of cover. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--Virginia--Congresses 229 NAL Call. No.: HM208.E5 Sustainable agriculture in developing countries. Mellor, J.W. Washington, D.C. : Heldref Publications; 1988 Nov. Environment v. 30 (9): p. 6-7. ill; 1988 Nov. Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; Alternative farming; Ecosystems; Development plans; Environmental protection; Poverty; Development policy; Development aid 230 NAL Call. No.: HT401.A36 Sustainable agriculture in Michigan: some missing dimensions. DeLind, L.B. Gainesville, Fla. : Humanities and Agriculture, University of Florida; 1991. Agriculture and human values v. 8 (4): p. 38-45; 1991. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Michigan; Meat and livestock industry; Sustainability; Agricultural policy; State government; Industrialization; Economic development 231 NAL Call. No.: HD2346.U5R8 Sustainable agriculture information network launched. Menomonee Falls, Wis. : The Journal; 1989. Rural enterprise v. 4 (1): p. 11; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: North eastern states of U.S.A.; Alternative farming; Information dissemination; Networking; Farmers' associations 232 NAL Call. No.: HD1785.G8 no.90/3 Sustainable agriculture its policy effects on the future of Canada and Ontario's agrifood system. Ontario Agricultural College, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Business Guelph, Ont. : Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Business, University of Guelph,; 1990. ii, 142 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm. (AEB / University of Guelph, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business, 90/3). May 1990. Proceedings of a conference held at the University of Guelph, May 31, 1990. Includes bibliographical references. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture; Food supply; Agriculture and state 233 NAL Call. No.: HD1761.A1M5 no.90-34 Sustainable agriculture policy reform is not enough. Taff, Steven J. University of Minnesota, Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics St. Paul, Minn. : Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Minnesota; 1990. 10 leaves ; 28 cm. (Staff paper P ; 90-34). May 1990. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--Government policy-- United States 234 NAL Call. No.: QR51.I5 1984 Sustainable agriculture: the microbial potential--the microbiologist's challenge. Lopez-Real, J.M. Berkamsted : A.B. Academic; 1986. The role of microorganisms in a sustainable agriculture : selected papers from the second International Conference on Biol. Agric., Univ. of London, Wye College, Wye, Kent, UK / edited by J.M. Lopez-Real and R.D. Hodges. p. 1-8; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Agriculture; Microbial activities; Farming; Fertilizer application; Humic compounds; Organic farming; Ecological balance; Soil management 235 NAL Call. No.: 100 M668 Sustainable agriculture: the who and why. Hansen, D. St. Paul, Minn. : The Station; 1991. Minnesota science - Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Minnesota v. 46 (3): p. 5; 1991. Language: English Descriptors: Minnesota; Sustainability; Rural sociology 236 NAL Call. No.: Q225.I7 Sustainable family farming. Hightower, J. Washington, D.C. : National Academy of Sciences; 1989. Issues in science and technology v. 6 (1): p. 26-28; 1989. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Family farming; Farm income; Constraints; Agricultural policy; Cost benefit analysis; Problem solving; Pollution by agriculture; Environmental protection; Legislation; State government; Extension activities; Integrated pest management; Organic farming 237 NAL Call. No.: S441.S87 Sustainable farming quarterly. Alternative Energy Resources Organization (Helena, MT) Helena, MT : Alternative Energy Resources Organization, c1989-; 1989-9999. Sustainable farming quarterly. v. : ill. ; 28 cm; 1989-9999. Title from caption. Newsletter funded by USDA Low-Impact Sustainable Agriculture project called "Options for Reducing Impacts in the Cereal and Legume Growing Regions of the Northwest.". Language: English 238 NAL Call. No.: 6 F2212 Taking the low road. Smith, D. Philadelphia, Pa. : The Journal; 1988 Dec. Farm journal v. 112 (14): p. 15-17. ill; 1988 Dec. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; No-tillage; Minimal tillage systems; Sustained yield management; Economic analysis; Soil cultivation; Weed control 239 NAL Call. No.: HD1431.F64 Targeting development activities toward sustainable agriculture. Harwood, R.R. Morrilton, AR : Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development; 1989 Jan. Food, hunger, and agricultural issues : proceedings of a colloquium on future U.S. development assistance held at Winrock International Conference Center on Feb 17-19, 1988 / edited by Deborah Clubb and Polly C. Ligon. p. 167-175; 1989 Jan. (Development education series). Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Agricultural development; Resource management; World problems 240 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Technology transfer and biological agriculture: a British perspective. Woodward, L. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 284-286; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: United Kingdom; Organic farming; Technology transfers; Appropriate technology; Farmers' attitudes; National planning; Demonstration farms 241 NAL Call. No.: 1 AG84Y They chose to fight. Jurchak, T. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Department of Agriculture; 1988. The ... Yearbook of agriculture. p. 173-178. ill; 1988. In series analytic: Marketing U.S. agriculture / edited by Deborah Takiff Smith. Language: English Descriptors: Pennsylvania; Alternative farming; Cooperative marketing; Competition; Regional agricultural policy; Tomatoes; Case studies 242 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Thirty years of energy use, nutrient cycling and yield on a self- reliant dairy farm. Kaffka, S.R. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 143-158. ill; 1985. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: German federal republic; Cold zones; Pastures; Dairy farming; Integrated systems; Organic farming; Rotations; Pasture management; Farm management; Energy consumption; Input output analysis; Yields 243 NAL Call. No.: S482.D68 To feed the earth agro-ecology for sustainable development. Dover, Michael J.; Talbot, Lee M. Washington, DC : World Resources Institute; 1987. vi, 88 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. (World Resources Institute report,). June 1987. Bibliography: p. 73-88. Language: English Descriptors: Sustainable agriculture--Developing countries; Agricultural ecology--Developing countries 244 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Toward a new McDonald's farm. Coleman, E. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 50-55; 1985. Language: English Descriptors: Vermont; Organic farming; Cropping systems; Soil cultivation; Farm management; Optimization; Integrated systems 245 NAL Call. No.: S441.S8 Toward a sustainable agriculture. Edens, T.C. East Lansing, Mich. : Michigan State University Press; 1985. Sustainable agriculture & integrated farming systems : 1984 conference proceedings / edited by Thomas C. Edens, Cynthia Fridgen, Susan L. Battenfield. p. 2-5; 1985. Includes 1 references. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Agricultural situation; Agricultural policy; Farming systems; Integrated systems; Agroindustrial relations; Resource utilization; National planning 246 NAL Call. No.: S589.7.A47 Toward sustainable agriculture. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1987. Agroecology : the scientific basis of alternative agriculture / Miguel A. Altieri, with contributions by Richard B. Norgaard ... [et al.].. p. 195-199; 1987. (Westview special studies in agriculture science and policy). Language: English Descriptors: Developing countries; U.S.A.; Sustained yield management; Alternative farming; Ecosystems; Research policy 247 NAL Call. No.: 281.8 AU74 Towards a comparison of chemical-free and conventional farming in Australia. Wynen, E.; Edwards, G. Victoria : Australian Agricultural Economics Society; 1990 Apr. The Australian journal of agricultural economics v. 34 (1): p. 39-55; 1990 Apr. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Australia; Farm enterprises; Farming systems; Pesticides; Agricultural chemicals; Cost benefit analysis; Social costs; Social benefits; Input output analysis; Soil fertility; Farm surveys 248 NAL Call. No.: HD9007.K4K43 Towards alternative agriculture in Kentucky. Meyer, A.L. Lexington, Ky. : The Service; 1991 Apr. Agribusiness news for Kentucky - University of Kentucky, Cooperative Extension Service (72): p. 4-5; 1991 Apr. Language: English Descriptors: Kentucky; Alternative farming; Agricultural adjustment; Farm management; Food production 249 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.W5 1987 Towards holistic agriculture a scientific approach., 1st ed.. Widdowson, R. W. Oxford [Oxfordshire] ; New York : Pergamon Press; 1987. xi, 187 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. Includes index. Bibliography: p. 178-181. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Agriculture; Agricultural ecology 250 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43 The transition to organic agriculture: a multi-year simulation model of a Pennsylvania farm. Dabbert, S.; Madden, P. Greenbelt : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1986. American journal of alternative agriculture v. 1 (3): p. 99-107; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Farm models; Simulation models 251 NAL Call. No.: 57.09 F41 U.S. agriculture at a dangerous crossroads?. Wagner, R.E. Baltimore, Md. : Fertilizer Industry Round Table; 1988. Proceedings of the annual meeting - Fertilizer Industry Round Table (38th): p. 1-6; 1988. Meeting held on November 14-16, 1988, Baltimore, Maryland. Language: English Descriptors: U.S.A.; Fertilizer industry; Alternative farming; Farm inputs; Opinions; Maximum yield; Appropriate technology 252 NAL Call. No.: S541.N49 Value and ethical dimensions of alternative agricultural approaches: In quest of a regenerative and just agriculture. Freudenberger, C.D. Totowa, N.J. : Rowman & Allanheld; 1986. New directions for agriculture and agricultural research : neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives / edited by Kenneth A. Dahlberg. p. 348-364; 1986. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Farming systems; Ethics; Values 253 NAL Call. No.: 80 AC82 Vegetable consumption and consumer attitudes towards organically grown vegetables--the case of Sweden. Ekelund, L. Wageningen : International Society for Horticultural Science; 1990 Jul. Acta horticulturae (259): p. 163-172; 1990 Jul. Paper presented at the "Workshop on Measuring Consumer Perceptions of Internal Product Quality," / edited by J.L. Jordan, August 7-10, 1989, Wageningen, Netherlands. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Sweden; Vegetables; Organic farming; Consumption; Marketing; Consumer attitudes; Consumer surveys; Consumption patterns; Consumer preferences; Quality; Demand Abstract: During the 1980s there was decentralization of the concentrated marketing of fresh vegetables in Sweden. Field production in regions north of the traditional, southernmost province Scania (Skane) increased. The latter were marketed alongside imports to the large-scale marketing system with the flows of goods from south to north. This paper deals with consumer aspects, the demand side of the market, as a determinant of the expansion of production to new regions. In this marketing system, organically grown products play an increasingly important role. After an analysis of the development of vegetable consumption during the 1980s, the results of a study of consumer attitudes are presented. The results show that one third of a sample of 530 interviewees said that they sometimes searched for organically grown products. The motivations for buying were the absence of 'poison', or personal health reasons. More than half of the persons claimed to be willing to pay more for organically grown products. 254 NAL Call. No.: SB1.H6 Vegetable insect control with minimal use of insecticides. Trumble, J.T. Alexandria, Va. : American Society for Horticultural Science; 1990 Feb. HortScience v. 25 (2): p. 159-164; 1990 Feb. Paper presented at the "Colloquium on Sustainable Commercial Vegetable Production with Minimal Use of Synthetic Fertilizers and Pesticides," August 9, 1988, East Lansing, Michigan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: California; Apium graveolens; Vegetables; Insect control; Farm inputs; Insecticides; Methomyl; Liriomyza trifolii; Integrated pest management; Input output analysis 255 NAL Call. No.: HD1476.U5I8 1987 We who are hanging on the edge., 1st ed. O'Brien, D. Ames : Iowa State University Press; 1987. Is there a moral obligation to save the family farm? / edited by Gary Comstock. p. 59-62; 1987. Language: English Descriptors: Iowa; Farm entrants; Marriage; Family farming; Mental stress; Alternative farming; Agricultural policy; Government 256 NAL Call. No.: S589.7.N48 Weed control in sustainable agriculture: attitudes and strategies. Schonbeck, M. East Falmouth, Mass. : New Alchemy Institute; 1987. New alchemy quarterly (30): p. 16-18. ill; 1987. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Massachusetts; Weed control; Weeds; Cultural control 257 NAL Call. No.: HT401.S72 What should states do to diversify for the new agricultural and rural economies in the south: university extension and research. Golden, W. Mississippi State, Miss. : The Center; 1986 Oct. SRDC series - Southern Rural Development Center (88): p. 93-98; 1986 Oct. Paper presented at a policy forum on; "Diversification Strategies for a New Southern Agriculture," July 11-13, 1986, Fort Worth, Texas. Language: English Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; South central states of U.S.A.; Rural economy; Economic development; Research; Universities; Diversification; Extension activities; Profitability; Alternative farming; Ancillary enterprises; Value added; Food processing; Fibers; Biotechnology; Leadership; Human resources; Technical progress 258 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 What's so great about organic farming?. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1988 Mar. The New farm v. 10 (3): p. 8-9, 11-13. ill; 1988 Mar. Language: English Descriptors: Organic farming; Farming systems; Economic analysis; Surveys 259 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822 Where do we stand on sustainable agriculture?. Bidwell, O.W. Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1986 Sep. Journal of soil and water conservation v. 41 (5): p. 317-320; 1986 Sep. Language: English Descriptors: Alternative farming; Organic farming; Trends; Agribusiness; Reviews; Cooperation; Agricultural research 260 NAL Call. No.: HT401.R94 Who is the "organic" farmer?. Dalecki, M.G.; Bealer, B. Ames, Iowa : Rural Sociological Society; 1984 Jan. The Rural sociologist v. 4 (1): p. 11-18; 1984 Jan. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Michigan; Organic farming; Farmers; Sociological analysis 261 NAL Call. No.: 100 M28S (2) Wolfe's Neck Farm: a case study of organic beef production in Maine. Marra, M.C.; Leiby, J.D. Orono : The Station; 1986 Mar. Miscellaneous publication - University of Maine, Agricultural Experiment Station (687): 56 p. ill., maps; 1986 Mar. Includes references. Language: English Descriptors: Maine; Beef production; Organic farming; Farm management; Farm income; Farm workers 262 NAL Call. No.: S1.N32 Your farm is worth more than ever. Rodale, R. Emmaus, Pa. : Regenerative Agriculture Association; 1986 Jan. The New farm v. 8 (1): p. 22-24; 1986 Jan. Language: English Descriptors: Farming systems; Resources; Self sufficiency; Alternative farming; Profits Author Index Ahwireng-Obeng, F. 24 Allen, G. 162 Allen, J.E. 52 Alternative Energy Resources Organization (Helena, MT) 237 Altieri, M.A. 56 Altieri, Miguel A. 79 American Society of Agronomy, Division S-3, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America 165 Anderson, J.E. 85 Anderson, M.K. 56 Andrus, K. (comp) 91 Arden-Clarke, C. 73 Arthur, L.M. 71 Atwood, J. 59 Australian Institute of Agricultural Science, Queensland Branch, Australian Soil Science Society, Queensland Branch 219 Babb, E.M. 199 Bailey, Kenneth W. 62 Bainbridge, David 227 Baines, D. 162 Bane, G. 134 Barker, Randolph 68 Barry, P.J. 101 Bateman, D. 63 Bealer, B. 260 Becker, D.L. 139 Beharrell, B. 44 Beus, C.E. 46, 154 Bidwell, O.W. 259 Bishop, M. 162 Blamey, F. P. C. 219 Blobaum, R. 28 Bonner, J. 10 Boody, G.M. 220 Bowker, J.M. 119 Brandle, J.R. 105 Breimyer, H.F. 130 Brendlinger, Nancy 216 Brenner, L. 54 Brinkerhoff, M.B. 23 Brusko, M. 151, 185 Bullock, J.B. 160 Bunders, J. 27 Burdge, R.J. 38 Burman, Jenny 115 Buttel, F.H. 33, 177, 184, 186, 221 Byrne, P.J. 25 Cacek, T. 64 California Agrarian Action Project, Valley Action Network 94 Carlson, G.A. 57 Carter, H.O. 2 Cashman, K. 125 Center for People, Food, and Environment 104 Chapman, Duane 68 Christy, R.D. 206 Clancy, K.L. 51, 200 Cleaveland, Marta 84 Cleveland, David A. 104 Coleman, E. 244 Coleman, E.W. 122 Committee for Sustainable Agriculture, Audio Productions 218 Conrad, D.L. 11 Cornucopia Project 161 Cramer, C. 35, 148, 223 Cramer, Craig 84 Crews, J.R. 197 Culik, M.N. 217 Culik, Martin N. 136 Dabbert, S. 250 Daberkow, S. 147 Daberkow, S.G. 145 Dagher, M.A. 15 Dahl, Bruce L. 121 Dahlberg, K.A. 75 Dalecki, M.G. 260 Davis, T.D. 72 DeLind, L.B. 230 DeVault, G. 213 Dobbs, T. 65 Dobbs, T.L. 60, 66, 139 Dobbs, Thomas L. 47, 120 Dockel, J.A. 118 Doll, John P. 83 Domanico, J.L. 128 Dover, Michael J. 243 Duffy, P.A. 70 Dunlap, R.E. 154 DuVall, T.C. 195 Edens, T.C. 245 Edwards, G. 247 Ehrenfeld, D. 29, 225 Eidman, V.R. 101 Ekelund, L. 253 Ellinger, P.N. 101 Erb, C. 92, 215 Estes, E.A. 172 Faeth, Paul 170 Farrell, Kenneth R. 4 Flaster, T. 76 Fleming, M.H. 1 Forcella, F. 123 Forster, T. 100 Foster, G.S. 164 Foster, Gary Stanford 135 Foulke, J. 146 Francis, C. 203 Freudenberger, C. Dean, 108 Freudenberger, C.D. 252 Fujisaka, S. 198 Gabel, Medard 161 Garza, E. de la 93 German, C.L. 25 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, Resources for the Future 4 Gilbert, J. 82 Gillespie, G.W. Jr 177, 186 Gliessman, S.R. 212 Golden, W. 257 Granatstein, David 190 Gray, J. 15 Green, J. 196 Greve, Robert W. 180 Groenewald, J.A. 171 Gussow, J.D. 51 Habicht, F.H. II 49 Hage, Mary Agnes 115 Hansen, D. 235 Hansen, L. 147 Hanson, J.C. 181 Harwood, R.R. 131, 239 Hassebrook, C. 175 Heady, Earl Orel, 127 Heffernan, J. 156 Heiland, Amy 161 Helmers, G.A. 59 Henning, J. 97 Higginbotham, J.S. 74 Hightower, J. 236 Hill, N.M. 162 Hill, S.B. 97 Hoag, D.L. 153 Hoefner, Ferd 84 Hoffmann, M. 98 Hogan, Albert R. 83 Holt, J. 150 Hoopes, Cindy 94 Houck, James P. 62 Huang, W.Y.p 26 Hutcherson, William H. 83 Ikerd, J. 107 Ikerd, J.E. 129 Ingalsbe, G. 112 Ingram, D.L. 172 Institute for Alternative Agriculture (U.S.) 183 Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement 95 Iowa State University, Cooperative Extension Service 102 Jackson, W. 204 Jacob, J.C. 23 Jacobsen, Roy M. 205 Janke, R.R. 181 Johnson, D.M. 181 Johnson, L.A. 224 Jones, M.R. 12, 69 Jordan, V.W.L. 142 Jorgensen, C.D. 72 Jurchak, T. 241 Kaffka, S.R. 242 Keene, Paul 99 Kendall, D. 86 Kiley-Worthington, M. 55 Knickerbocker, B. 96 Knoblauch, W. 196 Knoblauch, W. (comp) 91 Kraft, D.F. 71 Kral, David M. 165 Kramer, R.A. 211 Kroese, R. 175, 223 Kroese, Ron 78 Krome, Margaret 179 Kuhn, G. 105 Lagrone, William F. 180 Lamm, Tom 110 Lampkin, N. 31, 63, 163 Land Stewardship Project (U.S.) 78, 190 Langemeier, M.R. 59 Langner, L.L. 64 Leddy, M. 65 Leddy, M.G. 66 Leddy, Mark G. 47 Leiby, J.D. 261 Lockeretz, W. 155 Logsdon, G. 113, 116 Long, B.F. 199 Long, J.H. 77 Lopez-Real, J.M. 234 Lukens, James Richard 137 Luna, J. (comp.) 193 MacFie, J.H. 44 MacLean, J.T. 210 MacRae, R.J. 97 Madden, P. 106, 128, 149, 155, 174, 250 Mangum, K. 182 Marland, A. 168 Marra, M.C. 261 Martin, A. 203 Martin, K. 109 McAllister, J.C. 217 McBride, W.D. 37 McCoy, D. 188 Meeks, Gordon 3, 214 Mehuys, G.R. 97 Mellor, J.W. 132, 229 Messiaen, C.M. 133 Meyer, A.L. 248 Mikesell, C.L. 77 Miley, J.D. 164 Mitchell, C.C. Jr 197 Mitchell, Steve 227 Moffitt, L.J. 152 Moore, K.L. 10 Moore, Patrick 78 Muller, H.R. 25 Mundy, S.D. 37 Murray, J.C. 9 Nanda, Meera 173 National Audubon Society, Turner Broadcasting System, WETA-TV (Television station : Washington, D.C.) 42 National Audubon Society, Turner Broadcasting System, WETA-TV (Television station : Washington, D.C.), PBS Video 41 National Conference of State Legislatures 214 National Institute for Science, Law, and Public Policy (U.S.) 114 National Research Council (U.S.), Committee on the Role of Alternative Farming Methods in Modern Production Agriculture 6 Natural Resources Defense Council 43 Nehring, R. 144 New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Dept. of Agricultural Economics 68 New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Farming Alternatives Project, Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service 90 Newsome, R. 167 Nopar, Doug 78 Norris, P.E. 187 North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (Fargo) 226 Novak, J.L. 197 Nychas, A.E. 8 O'Brien, D. 255 Oasa, E.K. 138 Oelhaf, R.C. 61 Oliver, J.R. 201 Ontario Agricultural College, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Business 232 Organic Foods Production Association of North America 111 Ortmann, G.F. 117 Paddock, Joe 78 Pahl, Ellen Stoker 161 Palada, M.C. 217 Paoletti, M.G. 126 Partenheimer, E.J. 128 Pasour, E.C. Jr 153 Patriquin, D.G. 162 Pelham, J.T. 156 Persons, E. 125 Peter, D. 8 Peters, S.E. 181 Plakolm, G. 208 Plaxico, James Sam,1924- 180 Political Ecology Research Group, World Wide Fund for Nature, Elmgrant Trust 73 Popkin, R. 14 Prokopy, R.J. 207 Public Voice for Food and Health Policy, League of Women Voters (U.S.), Education Fund 34 Rader, J.S. 72 Rausser, Gordon Clyde, 4 Ray, R.M. 37 Reber, R.J. 36 Regenerative Agriculture Association (Emmaus, Pa.) 136, 158 Reichelderfer, K.H. 145 Rendle, C. 55 Richardson, J.W. 70, 119 Rieger, S.L. 217 Rietveld, W.J. 105 Rodale, R. 169, 262 Rodale, Robert 202 Rosenfeld, Allen 34 Sander, D. 203 Sands, Michael, 79 Sanzone, Susan J. 115 Schaller, N. 157 Schneider, K. 19, 20, 21, 22 Schonbeck, M. 256 Schuck, N.G. 196 Schuster, R. Doyle 40 Sell, Randall S. 226 Seymour, Dorothy Z. 99 Shabman, L.A. 187 Sholar, R. 9 Simpson, J.R. 32 Slee, Bill 13 Small Farm Resources Project, Center for rural Affairs 191 Small Farm Resources Project, Center for Rural Affairs 192 Smith, D. 238 Smith, E.G. 70 Smolik, J. 17 Soleri, Daniela 104 Sonka, Steven T. 127 South Dakota State University, Economics Dept 47, 120 Steel, S.H. 178 Stinner, B.R. 126 Stinner, D.H. 126 Stringer, W.C. 143 Strong, W. M. 219 Sustainable Agriculture Working Group 84 Sustainable Farming Association 89 Swaminathan, M.S. 222 Swanson, L.E. 138 Sweeny, Sedley 39 Taff, Steven J. 233 Talbot, Lee M. 243 Taylor, D.C. 60, 139 Teichert, K. 67 Thompson, G.S. 82 Thorpe, Kris 84 Tinsman, W.S. 141 Toensmeyer, U.C. 25 Trumble, J.T. 254 Tull, Kenneth, 79 Tweeten, L.G. 16 United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 5 United States. General Accounting Office 7 University of California (System), Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources 227 University of Minnesota, Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics 62, 233 University of Wisconsin--Madison, Health and Human Issues 53 Unwin, R.J. 176 Uri, N.D. 26 Van Es, J.C. 36 Vaughan, R. 194 Vereijken, P. 18, 80 Vieira, Linda 94 Virginia Cooperative Extension Service 228 Vogtmann, H. 30 Vroomen, H. 147 Wagner, R.E. 251 Walser, R.H. 72 Ward, Justin R. 43 Webber, A. 88 Weiss, L.A. 66 Weiss, Lyle A. 47 White, R.K. 143 Widdowson, R. W. 249 Williams, C.F. 72 Williams, J.R. 77, 209 Williams, Roger T. 53 Wilson, Marvin D. 40 Winter, W.F. 159 Wisconsin Rural Development Center 179 Wisconsin Rural Development Center, Sustainable Agriculture Public Research Project 110 Woodward, L. 163, 240 World Commission on Environment and Development 103 World Commission on Environment and Development. Advisory Panel on Food Security, Agriculture, Forestry, and Environment 103 World Resources Institute 170 Wyman, Christie 94 Wynen, E. 247 Xu, C. 32 York, E.T. Jr 124 Young, D.L. 58 Youngberg, I.G. 221 Subject Index Acreage 26, 35 Adjustment 58 Administration 138 Agribusiness 2, 82, 259 Agricultural adjustment 248 Agricultural biotechnology--Law and legislation-- United States 3 Agricultural chemicals 1, 57, 58, 141, 144, 145, 155, 213, 247 Agricultural chemistry 5 Agricultural conservation 84, 214, 214 Agricultural conservation--United States 43 Agricultural conservation--United States--Congresses 183 Agricultural credit 201 Agricultural credit--United States 4 Agricultural crises 150 Agricultural development 46, 239 Agricultural ecology 41, 42, 73, 103, 108, 249 Agricultural ecology--Developing countries 243 Agricultural ecology--Government policy--United States 3 Agricultural ecology--United States 6 Agricultural ecology--Wisconsin 110 Agricultural ecology--Wisconsin--Congresses 179 Agricultural economics 16, 149 Agricultural education 184 Agricultural extension work--Wisconsin 110 Agricultural innovations--United States 3, 5, 90 Agricultural laws and legislation 84 Agricultural laws and legislation--United States 4, 7 Agricultural laws and legislation--United States-- Congresses 183 Agricultural pests 73 Agricultural policy 16, 26, 49, 51, 60, 63, 75, 85, 106, 117, 118, 124, 130, 143, 144, 148, 151, 153, 160, 171, 174, 175, 184, 209, 211, 221, 230, 236, 245, 255 Agricultural pollution 42 Agricultural price supports--Law and legislation-- United States 4 Agricultural production 24, 85, 112, 141, 143, 145, 168, 200 Agricultural productivity--Developing countries 68 Agricultural productivity--United States 4 Agricultural research 27, 32, 33, 75, 93, 124, 138, 148, 184, 197, 215, 221, 259 Agricultural situation 169, 195, 245 Agricultural society 126 Agricultural structure 201 Agricultural subsidies 84 Agricultural subsidies--United States 7 Agricultural systems 136 Agricultural systems--Congresses 189 Agricultural systems--Developing countries 68 Agricultural systems--Economic aspects--Wisconsin 110 Agricultural systems--Economic aspects--Wisconsin --Congresses 179 Agricultural systems--Iowa--Directories 95 Agricultural systems--Missouri 83 Agricultural systems--Oklahoma 180 Agricultural systems--Research 137 Agricultural systems--United States 6 Agricultural systems--United States--Case studies 6 Agriculture 36, 47, 53, 108, 170, 202, 214, 220, 226, 234, 249 Agriculture and state 103, 127, 170, 214, 232 Agriculture and state--Environmental aspects--United States 3 Agriculture and state--Minnesota 62 Agriculture and state--United States 4, 6 Agriculture and state--United States--Congresses 183 Agriculture--Congresses 189 Agriculture--Economic aspects 192 Agriculture--Economic aspects--Minnesota 62 Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States 4, 6, 40 Agriculture--Great Britain--Handbooks, manuals, etc 39 Agriculture--Handbooks, manuals, etc 39 Agriculture--Kansas--Societies, etc 135 Agriculture--Minnesota--Case studies 78 Agriculture--Moral and ethical aspects 108 Agriculture--Research--United States 5 Agroforestry 105, 222 Agroindustrial relations 245 Alabama 88, 197 Alberta 23 Alternative agriculture 47, 53, 84, 202 Alternative agriculture--Minnesota--Case studies 78 Alternative agriculture--United States--Public opinion 7 Alternative farming' 1, 2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 29, 32, 37, 38, 46, 48, 49, 50, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 65, 66, 71, 77, 82, 85, 87, 88, 91, 92, 93, 98, 100, 101, 106, 107, 112, 122, 124, 125, 130, 132, 134, 138, 140, 141, 142, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 150, 152, 154, 156, 159, 162, 166, 169, 172, 174, 177, 182, 184, 185, 186, 187, 194, 195, 196, 201, 206, 210, 211, 212, 215, 220, 221, 225, 229, 231, 238, 241, 246, 248, 251, 255, 257, 259, 262 Anabaena 32 Ancillary enterprises 257 Animal health 124 Animal manures 32 Animal nutrition 124 Apium graveolens 254 Application rates 26 Applied research 30, 32, 38 Appropriate technology 35, 86, 138, 240, 251 Aquaculture 172 Arable farming 69 Arid regions agriculture 104 Assessment 220 Attitudes 210 Australia 247 Austria 208 Avena sativa 116 Bankruptcy 159 Beef production 117, 261 Belgium 8 Beliefs 46, 154 Bibliographies 11, 19, 21, 22, 193, 210 Biological control 149 Biotechnology 27, 29, 33, 100, 149, 257 Biotic communities 73 Blacks 88 Brazil 98 British Columbia 23 Cactaceae 76 California 2, 254 Capital 194 Capital outlay 37 Case studies 54, 201, 241 Cash crops 35 Cash flow 182 Cattle farming 86, 98 Change 150 China 32 Cold zones 242 Commercial farming 181 Commodities 91, 172 Commodity markets 206 Community involvement 38 Community programs 201 Competition 241, Conflict 46 Conservation 51, 63, 151 Constraints 221, 236 Consumer attitudes 25, 44, 74, 167, 178, 253 Consumer education 168 Consumer preferences 194, 253 Consumer protection 117 Consumer surveys 25, 253 Consumption 52, 253 Consumption patterns 253 Control 187 Conversion 162, 168 Cooperation 259 Cooperative extension service 196 Cooperative farming 24, 112, 206 Cooperative marketing 241 Cost analysis 67, 72 Cost benefit analysis 2, 117, 151, 163, 187, 207, 217, 236, 247 Cost control 35, 185, 213 Cost effectiveness analysis 142 Costs 69, 86, 128, 187, 213 Cottage industries 55 Cotton 119 Cotton industry 70 Counseling 156 Counties 119 Cover crops 35, 148 Crop enterprises 9 Crop management 207 Crop mixtures 144 Crop production 10 Crop products 10 Crop yield 77, 116, 162, 185, 217 Cropping systems 20, 59, 69, 80, 131, 187, 203, 244 Crops 50, 53, 177, 212 Crops--United States--Marketing 40 Cultural centers 195 Cultural control 256 Cultural environment 195 Cultural influences 126 Cultural values 23, 204 Cydia pomonella 72 Dairy cows 18 Dairy farming 185, 242 Dairy industry 117 Decision making 64, 101, 177 Deer farming--United States 90 Deficiency payments 58 Delaware 25 Demand 253 Demography 25 Demonstration farms 240 Developed countries 132 Developing countries 24, 27, 56, 124, 125, 132, 138, 229, 246 Development aid 229 Development plans 201, 229 Development policy 129, 229 Development projects 182 Dietary guidelines 51 Diffusion of information 28 Diversification 87, 107, 112, 147, 157, 159, 172, 194, 195, 199, 257 Diversity 35 Domestic production 194 Drought 35, 71, 86, 93 Ecological balance 55, 204, 234 Ecology 98, 134 Econometric models 26, 119, 197 Economic analysis 20, 37, 59, 60, 61, 65, 66, 72, 80, 97, 207, 238, 258 Economic aspects 34 Economic development 129, 159, 201, 230, 257 Economic evaluation 19, 21 Economic factors 162 Economic impact 26, 54, 64, 71, 93, 118, 119, 171 Economic sociology 124 Economics 63 Ecosystems 50, 56, 229, 246 Education 129, 195 Educational programs 82, 132, 145, 149, 201 Efficiency 131 Energy balance 17 Energy conservation 131 Energy consumption 2, 17, 242 Energy cost of production 69 Energy resources 159 England 55 Enterprises 91 Entrepreneurship 12, 24, 48, 159 Environment 63 Environmental aspects 34 Environmental degradation 38, 132, 146 Environmental impact 2, 54 Environmental impact reporting 38 Environmental policy 60, 139 Environmental pollution 123, 186 Environmental protection 49, 60, 74, 107, 132, 142, 229, 236 Erosion 128, 132, 175, 217 Erosion control 17, 63 Estimation 26 Ethics 75, 252 Ethnobotany 76 Europe 30, 31 Expenditure 213 Experimental stations 18, 92, 215 Experts 91 Export subsidies 119 Extension 11, 12 Extension activities 82, 145, 152, 156, 182, 236, 257 Extension agents 153 Extension education 174 Family farming 236, 255 Family farms 109, 191 Family farms--California--Congresses 94 Farm budgeting 65 Farm closures 159 Farm comparisons 181 Farm enterprises 15, 48, 52, 196, 199, 247 Farm entrants 255 Farm equipment 128 Farm families 82, 182, 208 Farm income 36, 37, 60, 127, 128, 155, 172, 236, 261 Farm indebtedness 82, 101, 155, 156, 157, 159, 182, 195 Farm inputs 29, 57, 58, 106, 131, 140, 141, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 152, 157, 163, 176, 217, 251, 254 Farm life--Pennsylvania--Penns Creek 99 Farm management 13, 18, 30, 55, 64, 77, 80, 81, 82, 97, 98, 101, 107, 111, 128, 147, 149, 152, 153, 155, 156, 157, 168, 174, 182, 186, 191, 192, 203, 204, 242, 244, 248, 261 Farm management--Missouri 83 Farm models 250 Farm planning 50 Farm produce--United States 5 Farm produce--United States--Marketing 40 Farm results 197, 206 Farm sector 71 Farm size 132, 186 Farm structure 199 Farm surveys 14, 37, 177, 196, 208, 247 Farm workers 261 Farmers 164, 167, 260 Farmers' associations 231 Farmers' attitudes 28, 154, 169, 177, 178, 186, 208, 225, 240 Farmers--Iowa--Directories 95 Farmers--Minnesota--Interviews 78 Farmers--United States--Attitudes 7 Farming 96, 150, 234 Farming systems 14, 17, 21, 27, 30, 31, 35, 56, 81, 138, 142, 168, 181, 193, 204, 223, 245, 247, 252, 258, 262 Farming, Diversified--United States 90 Farmland 26 Farms, Small 191 Farms, Small--Economic aspects 136 Farms, Small--Economic aspects--Nebraska 192 Farms, Small--Great Britain--Handbooks, manuals, etc 39 Farms, Small--Handbooks, manuals, etc 39 Farrowing 37 Federal government 96, 159 Federal programs 26, 181 Feed grains 119 Feeds 185 Ferns 32 Fertility 162 Fertilizer application 116, 234 Fertilizer industry 251 Fertilizers 74, 86, 141 Fibers 257 Field crops 18 Field crops--Economic aspects--California--Congresses 94 Fiscal policy 1, 159 Fodder crops 86 Follow-up studies 155 Food acceptability 44 Food contamination 178 Food costs 167 Food crops 104 Food grains 119 Food industry 166 Food industry and trade 111 Food legislation 166 Food marketing 166 Food policy 100, 160, 166, 171 Food preferences 51 Food prices 57, 61 Food processing 257 Food production 2, 61, 100, 248 Food quality 44 Food safety 2, 167, 200 Food supply 103, 132, 200, 202, 222, 232 Food supply--Case studies 79 Forage crops 18 Forecasts 132, 169 Forestry 105 Fostering 175 Fresh products 25 Fruits 194 Gardening 88 Genetic resources 76, 124 Georgia 195 German federal republic 30, 242 Germplasm 124 Glycine max 197 Goals 75, 145, 220 Gossypium 197 Gourmet cooking 194 Government 117, 160, 171, 255 Grain 181 Grazing systems 86 Green manures 148 Green revolution 133 Ground rent 88 Groundwater pollution 1, 145 Hawaii 112 Health 194 Health beliefs 167 Health hazards 134, 145 Health protection 132 Herbicide resistance 29 History 44, 169 Horticulture--Societies, etc--Directories 114, 115 Human resources 257 Humic compounds 234 Husbandry 168 Idaho 23, 48 Ideology 23, 75 Illinois 35, 101 Incentives 209 Income distribution 132, 195 Income tax 145 Income tax--United States--Deductions 43 Indiana 81 Industrial countries 124 Industrialization 195, 230 Information dissemination 49, 231 Information needs 129 Information sources 11 Infrastructure 195, 201 Innovation adoption 28, 122, 153, 186, 225 Innovations 225 Input output analysis 57, 119, 242, 247, 254 Input prices 69, 157 Insect control 254 Insecticides 72, 254 Integrated methods 80 Integrated pest management 54, 236, 254 Integrated systems 131, 242, 244, 245 Interest rates 119 International cooperation 75 International trade 195 Intervention 171 Interviews 151 Intracommunity markets 194 Intracommunity trade 194 Investment 150 Iowa 213, 214, 255 Irrigation 132 Job skills 201 Kentucky 248 Knowledge 153 Labor 113 Labor market 195 Land productivity 131 Land tenure--Law and legislation--United States 43 Land trusts--United States 43 Land use 96, 194, 198 Land use, Rural--Minnesota--Case studies 78 Land use, Rural--Missouri 83 Law 224 Leadership 82, 195, 257 Legislation 49, 96, 119, 130, 148, 153, 167, 184, 211, 236 Leguminosae 197 Lettuces 113 Linear programming 69, 119, 128 Liquidity 181 Liriomyza trifolii 254 Literature reviews 46, 97, 186 Livestock enterprises 172 Livestock farming 217 Local government 195 Macroeconomic analysis 118 Maine 261 Maize 26, 181, 197 Malus pumila 207 Management development 138 Manitoba 23, 71 Manpower policy, Rural 127 Manufacture 159 Manures 147 Marginal analysis 26 Market competition 107 Market economics 52, 138, 199, 206 Market gardens 188 Market prices 60, 178 Marketing 10, 12, 113, 167, 253 Marketing techniques 48, 91, 194, 201 Markets 61 Marriage 255 Maryland 12 Massachusetts 256 Maximum yield 140, 251 Meat and livestock industry 230 Mental stress 255 Methomyl 254 Michigan 92, 215, 230, 260 Microbial activities 234 Middle atlantic states of U.S.A. 181 Minimal tillage systems 238 Minimum tillage systems 71 Minnesota 101, 182, 223, 235 Mississippi 10 Missouri 156 Mixed cropping 133 Mixed farming 162 Models 46, 69, 118, 154, 181 Monitoring 222 Montana 23, 86 Motad 197 Motivation 145, 167 Multivariate analysis 23 National planning 18, 240, 245 Natural foods 111 Natural resources 38, 51, 132 Nebraska 59 Netherlands 18, 80 Networking 231 New York 91, 177, 196 Nitrogen 162, 187 Nitrogen fertilizers 26, 197 Nitrogen fertilizers--Pennsylvania 161 No-tillage 77, 238 No-tillage systems 128 Non-farm income 82, 156 Non-traditional crops 133, 157, 172 North Carolina 201 North central states of U.S.A. 155 North Dakota 23 North eastern states of U.S.A. 231 Nova Scotia 162 Nutrition 63, 76, 104 Nutrition education 51 Nutrition labeling 167 Nutritive value 44, 167 Oats 181 Off-farm employment 156 Ohio 113, 116, 126 Oklahoma 9 Opinions 140, 251 Optimization 197, 244 Orchards 207 Organic farming 14, 17, 18, 22, 25, 28, 30, 31, 35, 41, 42, 55, 61, 63, 64, 67, 69, 72, 73, 74, 80, 81, 86, 100, 109, 111, 113, 116, 128, 131, 133, 136, 148, 151, 155, 158, 161, 163, 164, 166, 167, 168, 169, 176, 177, 178, 186, 188, 192, 202, 207, 208, 210, 213, 217, 223, 234, 236, 240, 242, 244, 249, 250, 253, 258, 259, 260, 261 Organic farming--Case studies 79 Organic farming--Congresses 165, 189 Organic farming--Economic aspects--United States --Congresses 218 Organic farming--Great Britain--Handbooks, manuals, etc 39 Organic farming--Handbooks, manuals, etc 39 Organic farming--Information services 137 Organic farming--Iowa--Boone 158 Organic farming--Kansas 135 Organic farming--Pennsylvania--Penns Creek 99 Organic farming--Societies, etc--Directories 114, 115 Organic farming--United States 90 Organic farming--Wisconsin 216 Organic foods 44, 167 Organic gardening--Societies, etc--Directories 114, 115 Organic matter in soil 162 Organization of research 30 Owner's equity 156 Parks 201 Part time farming 88, 188 Participation 181 Pasture management 242 Pastures 242 Pennsylvania 128, 131, 181, 217, 241 Periodicals 193 Pest control 72, 74, 124, 203, 207 Pesticide action 123 Pesticide residues in food 34 Pesticides 34, 34, 54, 74, 123, 134, 247 Pesticides and wildlife 73 Phosphorus 162 Picking 194 Pig farming 37 Pig fattening 37 Pig feeding 32 Plant collections 76 Plant communities 212 Plant disease control 207 Plant interaction 212 Plant production 80, 147 Planting 26 Polders 18 Policy 2 Politics 221 Pollution by agriculture 144, 186, 187, 213, 236 Pome fruits 72 Population density 132 Poultry feeding 32 Poverty 132, 229 Price controls 117 Price elasticities 70 Price policy 70 Prices 113 Probability analysis 25 Problem solving 236 Producer prices 57 Product markets 206 Product quality 194 Production 105 Production controls 117, 119 Production costs 61, 77, 80, 141, 144, 146, 188 Production possibilities 9 Production structure 112 Productivity 217 Profitability 52, 57, 59, 60, 82, 87, 112, 128, 129, 140, 144, 145, 146, 157, 181, 199, 223, 257 Profits 116, 116, 203, 213, 262 Program development 160, 201 Program evaluation 174 Program participants 26 Projections 171 Projects 27 Protection 105 Protein content 86 Public agencies 49 Public relations 174 Public sector 139 Publications 11, 31 Purchasing habits 25, 44 Quality 253 Ranching 157 Recycling 81 Regeneration 106, 157, 186 Regional agricultural policy 8, 241 Regional planning 148 Regulations 145, 174 Research 2, 17, 82, 145, 149, 156, 168, 174, 198, 257 Research policy 33, 92, 93, 215, 221, 246 Resource conservation 106, 107, 130, 141, 184 Resource management 97, 124, 132, 222, 239 Resource utilization 15, 245 Resources 262 Retirement 159 Retraining of farmers 159, 201 Returns 67, 69, 71, 128, 144, 187, 197 Reviews 259 Ridging 77 Risk 181 Risks 59, 60, 77, 197 Roles 160 Rotations p66, 77, 86, 116, 147, 185, 197, 217, 242 Rural communities 38, 119, 129, 159, 194, 195 Rural conditions 121 Rural development 10, 24, 27, 38, 56, 84, 138, 148, 182, 201 Rural economy 201, 257 Rural families 205 Rural industry 195, 201 Rural planning 195 Rural sociology 38, 235 Rural urban migration 159 Safety 74 Saskatchewan 23 Secale cereale 197 Self sufficiency 262 Servitudes--United States 43 Simulation 70 Simulation models 71, 101, 250 Small businesses 201 Small farms 15, 88, 107, 206, 208 Social benefits 105, 134, 247 Social change 38 Social costs 38, 54, 117, 247 Social movements--Kansas 135 Social policy 124 Social welfare 107 Socioeconomic status 23 Sociological analysis 23, 164, 221, 260 Soil and water conservation 124, 148 Soil conservation 119, 174, 211, 219, 223 Soil conservation--Minnesota 78 Soil cultivation 238, 244 Soil erosion--Government policy--United States 3 Soil fertility 203, 217, 247 Soil management 234 Soil testing 86, 203 Sorghum 77 South Africa 117, 118 South asia 198 South central states of U.S.A. 77, 159, 172, 194, 195, 257 South Dakota 17, 65, 66 South eastern states of U.S.A. 159, 172, 194, 195, 257 Southern Africa 24 Soybeans 77, 181 Stabilization 132 Standards 44, 168 State government 201, 230, 236 States 214, 214, 214, 214 Status 75 Stochastic processes 70, 77 Stress management 82, 182 Structural change 52, 112, 195, 199, 201, 206 Subsidies 29 Subtropics 98 Suburban agriculture 113 Suburban areas 109 Sugar industry 117 Supply balance 119 Support measures 57, 58, 92, 119 Support systems 156, 182 Surveys 28, 172, 258 Sustainability 8, 36, 76, 105, 129, 139, 142, 143, 153, 163, 166, 175, 176, 181, 198, 207, 209, 222, 223, 230, 235 Sustainable agriculture 84, 89, 102, 103, 104, 108, 120, 121, 170, 173, 190, 191, 205, 214, 219, 226, 227, 232 Sustainable agriculture--California--Congresses 94 Sustainable agriculture--Case studies 79 Sustainable agriculture--Developing countries 243 Sustainable agriculture--Economic aspects--United States--Congresses 218 Sustainable agriculture--Economic aspects--Wisconsin --Congresses 179 Sustainable agriculture--Government policy 103 Sustainable agriculture--Government policy--United States 233 Sustainable agriculture--Iowa--Directories 95 Sustainable agriculture--Minnesota--Case studies 78 Sustainable agriculture--Societies, etc--Directories 114, 115 Sustainable agriculture--United States 3, 43 Sustainable agriculture--Virginia--Congresses 228 Sustainable agriculture--Wisconsin 110 Sustained yield management 50, 57, 58, 75, 92, 97, 106, 123, 149, 193, 203, 215, 217, 238, 246 Sweden 253 Symbols 168 Systems approach 93 Target prices 119 Taste 167 Taxes 1 Technical progress 52, 71, 145, 257 Techniques 168 Technology 2 Technology transfers 221, 240 Tennessee 37, 224 Texas 70, 119 Thompson Farm (Boone, Iowa) 158 Tillage 77, 128, 147 Tobacco 201 Tomatoes 241 Tourism 159 Toxicity 123 Trade 118 Trade policy 171 Traditional farming 46, 97, 126, 133 Training 153 Transport 159 Trees 105 Trends 52, 57, 85, 144, 145, 146, 149, 160, 199, 220, 259 Trickle irrigation 35, 74 Trifolium pratense 116 Triticum 116 Triticum aestivum 80 Truck farming 104 U.S.A. 14, 15, 26, 28, 36, 46, 49, 52, 57, 58, 61, 85, 87, 93, 96, 100, 105, 106, 107, 122, 123, 130, 131, 139, 140, 141, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 151, 152, 153, 157, 160, 169, 174, 184, 186, 188, 199, 203, 207, 211, 220, 221, 236, 245, 246, 251 UK 44, 163, 176 Unemployment 195 United Kingdom 63, 69, 168, 240 United States 214, 214, 214, 214 Universities 257 University research 197 Upland areas 198 Urban areas 113 Urban rural migration 23 Usda 29, 92, 123, 151 Uses 54 Value added 195, 257 Value systems 122, 220 Values 46, 75, 154, 252 Vegetable gardening 104 Vegetables 194, 253, 254 Vermont 244 Viability 69 Virginia 109, 187, 194 Vocational training 125 Walnut Acres (Penns Creek, Pa.) 99 Washington 23, 154 Waste disposal 81 Waste utilization 81 Water conservation 224 Water policy 224 Water pollution 187, 224 Water quality 44, 84 Water resources 224 Water, Underground--Pollution--Law and legislation --United States 3 Watershed management 187 Weed control 74, 162, 207, 238, 256 Weeds 256 Western states of U.S.A. 60, 77 Wheat 181 Wildlife conservation 55 Wildlife habitat improvement 41 Windbreaks 105 Wisconsin 82, 185 Work experience programs 125 World food problems 222 World problems 239 Yield increases 146 Yields 66, 131, 168, 242 Zea mays 116, 147

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