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Alternative Farming Systems Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture


ISSN: 1052-536X

Sustainable Agriculture in Print: Current Books

Recent Acquisitions of the National Agricultural Library

December 2004
Addendum to Special Reference Briefs Series no. SRB 97-05

Compiled By:
Staff of the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
10301 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351


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Previous versions of this publication:
1. April 2003 (SRB 97-05 update, includes May 2001 update)
2. August 1997 (SRB 97-05)
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Since 1988, the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center has compiled annotated lists of books pertaining to sustainable agriculture published between 1580 and 2003. Annotated bibliographic records for books recently added to the National Agricultural Library (NAL) collection are shown below and will be included in the 2004 update of Sustainable Agriculture in Print: Current Books. Please note that the Library has limited lending services for individuals.


Annotated Records since May 2004
** = recent entries, as of December 21, 2004

** 2002 On-Farm Research Report: Practical Farmers of Iowa Farming Systems Program Ames, IA: Practical Farmers of Iowa, 2002. 20p. Note: Cover title. "The on-farm research and demonstration program has been supported, in part, by Iowa State University Extension, the ISU College of Agriculture, the ISU Dept. of Agronomy, the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program and the Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems (IFAFS) program of the United States Department of Agriculture, and the Organic Farming Research Foundation" [NAL Call # S494.5.S86 T83 2003]

Annotation: This brief report provides an overview of on-farm research and field days conducted by Practical Farmers of Iowa (PFI) organization members during 2002. Research topics include herd health, natural parasite treatments for sheep and pigs, weed management using flame weeding and cover crops, corn variety (open-pollinated, hybrid and synthetic) trials, fertility trials for field and vegetable crops using a range of nutrient sources, and crop rotation systems. Reports were collected from 22 cooperative PFI members; research cooperators and farms are listed with contact information at the end of this report. Practical Farmers of Iowa Web site is available at http://www.practicalfarmers.org/. SMB 9/22/2004

** Agri-Culture: Reconnecting People, Land and Nature, by Jules N. Pretty. London; Sterling, VA: Earthscan Publications, 2002. xvi, 261p. [NAL Call # S494.5.S86 P73 2002]

Annotation: Divided into eight chapters, Agri-Culture is a call to transform present-day agriculture. The author, Professor of Environment and Society at the University of Essex, UK, first recounts the historic and current relationship of many human cultures to the land. This is followed by an exploration of the inequities in and consequences of industrial agricultural systems. Last, alternatives that can be created through sustainable food systems and ecological education are presented as remedies to current agricultural system problems. "As we advance into the early years of the 21st century, it seems to me that we have some critical choices. Humans have been farming for some 600 generations, and for most of that time the production and consumption of food has been intimately connected to cultural and social systems. Foods have a special significance and meaning, as do the fields, grasslands, forests, rivers and seas. Yet, over just the last two or three generations, we have developed hugely successful agricultural systems based on industrial principles. They certainly produce more food per hectare and per worker than ever before, but only look efficient if we ignore the harmful side effects - the loss of soils, the damage to biodiversity, the pollution of water, the harm to human health." (Preface) This work contains charts, lists of contacts, appendices of importance, indexes, etc. Notes are organized by chapter; bibliographic references and an index are included at the end of this book. SMB 11/03/2004

** Agroecosystem Sustainability: Developing Practical Strategies, by Stephen R. Gliessman. (Advances in agroecology) Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2001. 210p. [NAL Call # S589.7 .G584 2001]

Annotation: Author Gliessman, founding director of the University of California, Santa Cruz Agroecology Program, states, "Agroecological research has alwasy held sustainbility of food production systems as its ultimate goal..." This collection of papers from agroecology researchers thoughout the world focuses on sustainability issues - both ecological and social. The chapters in the first section present the results of research in specific strategies for increasing the sustainability of farming systems (studies from Italy, California, Costa Rica and Nicaragua); chapters in section 2 look at ways to assess level or degree of sustainability in farming systems; and chapters in the last section attempt to place agroecology "in the social and cultural environment in order to influence people's decisions on how and why to design and manage agroecosystems." (Preface) References appear with each chapter and the book includes an index and list of author addresses and institutions. MVG 12/20/04

The Art of the Common-Place: the Agrarian Essays of Wendell Berry, by Wendell Berry and Norman Wirzba. Washington, DC: Counterpoint, 2002. xx, 330p. [NAL Call # S441 B47 2002]

Annotation: This volume presents a compilation of previously published essays on the topics of the American cultural crisis, agrarian aspects of authentic culture, agrarian economics and agrarian religion. The essays were selected, edited and introduced by Norman Wirzba, a professor of Philosophy at Georgetown College. Wirzba writes, "This collection represents a selection of some of Berry's essays that aim to move us beyond our present cultural malaise. They are not nostalgic: they conserve what is best from our past so that the problems of today can be adequately addressed...What we need today is a renewed vision, a detailed insight into our own limits and possibilities that is informed by the knowledge of our place in the world. Berry's agrarian vision meets this need in a most remarkable way. It introduces us to the 'art of commonplace,' and in doing so invites us to live a properly human life." Wendell Berry has authored over forty works of essays, short-stories, poems, and novels. Acknowledgements of and sources for the essays in this collection are noted in the editor's final chapter. SMB 7/26/2004

The Best of - Exploring Sustainable Alternatives: an Introduction to Sustainable Agriculture: Exploring Sustainable Alternatives, edited by Hart Haidn. Saskatoon: Canadian Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, 2001. iii, 346p. Note: Selected presentations from the sustainable agriculture conferences, Exploring Organic Alternatives, held in Saskatoon, SK, Fall 1999 and Exploring Sustainable Alternatives, held in Humboldt, SK, Fall 2000. [NAL Call # S451.5 A1 B47 2002]

Annotation: This book, edited by Hart Haidn, the founding director of the Canadian Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, is a collection of presentations from two conferences (Exploring Organic Alternatives, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Fall 1999 and Exploring Sustainable Alternatives, Humboldt, Saskatchewan, Fall 2000) on sustainable agriculture alternatives. The selections are arranged into topics: the cause of the recurring farm crisis, ideas for sustainable solutions, specific production and crop systems, economic challenges, environmental conditions, regulatory policies and food health issues. Collectively, the presentations provide a vision of sustainable agriculture for the future. In his introduction, Hart Haidn writes, "For three years I have organized the organic conferences in Saskatchewan to achieve a number of things: to raise the awareness about issues of sustainable agriculture and organic farming and to provide elements of education to a wide variety of people with different interests. We will continue this process with this publication." Although the presentations have a Canadian focus, anyone looking for awareness or education about the sustainable agriculture situation worldwide will find this volume worthwhile. SMB 8/4/2004

Bring Farm Edges Back to Life!, by Paul Robins, Rebecca B. Holmes, and Katherine Laddish. 5th ed. ed. (Landowner Conservation Handbook.) Woodland, CA: Yolo County RCD, 2001. 101p. [NAL Call # S494.5.A65 B75 2001]

Annotation: This handbook is a collection of articles, factsheets and other resources detailing conservation practices, wildlife and pest management, planting and weed control techniques, and financial and informational support resources for Yolo County landowners. "Over the years local farmers and landowners have experimented with different conservation practices on their farms that would enable them to meet the multiple objectives of conserving soil and water and improving wildlife habitat while maintaining intensive agricultural production. The practices detailed in this booklet are products of the trials and successes of their efforts to integrate on-farm resource management." (Introduction) Compiled by the Staff of the Yolo County Resource Conservation District, this book includes many lists, tables, and diagrams throughout to clarify concepts and provide additional information. Yolo county landowners are the primary audience; however, the book may also be viewed as a model for similar outreach efforts in other jurisdictions. SMB 7/01/2004

Building Farm Resilience: Prospects and Challenges for Organic Farming, by Rebecka Milestad. (Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, Agraria, 1401-6249, 375) Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2003. 1 v. (various pagings) Note: Thesis (doctoral), Department of Rural Development Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2003. [NAL Call # S419 .A28 no. 375]

Annotation: This doctoral thesis discusses the current development of organic farming in Austria by studying the relationship "between the IFOAM Basic Standards of organic farming, farmers' perspectives on organic farming, and the actual development of organic farming practices." It assesses organic farming systems, particularly at the farm level, within the framework of socio-ecological resilience. Three characteristics define resilience: buffer capacity ("the amount of change a system can undergo while maintaining its functions and structures"), self-organization, and the "capacity for adaptation and learning." The author's research and exploratory case studies conclude that organic farming practices, if based on the IFOAM Basic Standards, have the potential to build farm resilience, a useful concept for assessing farming systems. While farmers view organic farming as a preferred practice to promote sustainable development, they also interpret it as an "imposed policy" which may increase their reliance on subsidies. Thus consideration of farmers' "multiple perspectives on organic farming" is important to the continued development of organic farming. The thesis is based on four papers which are reprinted in the appendix: 1. Hadatsch, S., Milestad, R. and Ljung, M. Sustaining farming and farming sustainably. The (mis)match between farmers' perspectives and organic farming: a case study from an alpine region in Austria. In: Buller, H., Hoggart, K. and Daugstad, K. (eds.). "The Environment and Rural Development." Ashgate. London, UK. (In revision). 21 pp.; 2. Milestad, R. and Hadatsch, S. Growing out of the niche -- can organic agriculture keep its promises? A study of two Austrian cases. (In press, "American Journal of Alternative Agriculture"). 16 pp.; 3. Milestad, R. and Darnhofer, I. Building farm resilience: the prospects and challenges of organic farming. (In press, "Journal of Sustainable Agriculture").14 pp. [NOTE: Online at: http://www.boku.ac.at/iao/lbwl/Publikationen/Biolandbau/2002_JSA_Resilience.pdf. This paper/article and the book, have very similar titles but are different documents.]; and 4. Milestad, R. and Hadatsch, S. Organic farming and social-ecological resilience: the alpine valleys of Solktaler, Austria. (In review, Conservation Ecology). 24 pp. A separate list of references is included for the thesis and for each paper in the appendix. Includes various tables, charts, graphics. BT, 5/19/2004

** Building a Sustainable Business: a Guide to Developing a Business Plan for Farms and Rural Businesses, by Gigi DiGiacomo, Robert P. King, Dale W. Nordquist, Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture, and Sustainable Agriculture Network. (Sustainable Agriculture Network handbook series, book 6) Beltsville, MD: Sustainable Agriculture Network, 2003. 280p. [NAL Call # S561 .B84 2003]

Annotation: The main content of this manual consists fo five Planning Tasks that are used to guide farmers through business planning for alternative agricultural enterprises. These Tasks are used to: 1) identify values, 2) review the historical and current situation, 3) develop a vision, mission, and goals, 4) conduct strategic planning, and 5) implement and monitor a business plan. Each Task focuses on four key functional planning areas; marketing, operations, human resources and finances. The result of this process is a business plan that incorporates personal, economic, environmental, and community values with traditional business and marketing principles. Examples from five farm operations that participated in formal reviews of this guide are used throughout. Also included: a detailed Table of Contents; blank worksheets after each Planning task section; references; an additional resource section for each Planning Task, Functional Planning Area and general business planning; a glossary and appendices including a case study business plan, Farm Financial Standards Council Business Performance Measures, a sample job description, and labor requirements guidelines. "As agricultural entrepreneurs define and create themselves away from more 'conventional' farming models, business planning has become more important than ever. Producers considering innovative management practices and immature markets use business plans to map out strategies for taking advantage of new opportunities such as organic farming, on-farm processing, direct marketing and rural tourism. A business plan help producers demonstrate that they have fully researched their proposed alternative; they know how to produce their product, how to sell what they produce, and how to manage financial risk." (Preface) While this manual was developed by the staff of the Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (MISA) with the Center for Farm Financial Management, and focuses on examples and resources from Minnesota and the upper Midwest, information is applicable to U.S. and international producers. Book 6 of the Sustainable Agricultural Network Handbook Series. SMB 11/10/2004

Challenges to Organic Farming and Sustainable Land Use in the Tropics and Subtropics: Deutscher Tropentag 2002: International Resource Management and Rural Development: Book of Abstracts: University of Kassel-Witzenhausen, October 9-11, 2002, edited by Andreas Deininger. Kassel: Kassel University Press, 2002. 320p. [NAL Call # S481.D48 2002]
Document online: http://www.tropentag.de/2002/proceedings/

Annotation: A collection of abstracts of oral and poster presentations from the Deutscher Tropentag Conference held at the University of Kassel-Witzenhausen, October 9-11, 2002. The questions targeted by this conference are what sustainable, ecological or organic agriculture is in the tropics and how research can promote environmentally-sound production of adequate high quality food while achieving economic and social goals. The abstracts are divided into four sections; Sustainable Plant Production and Biodiversity, Animal Husbandry and Welfare, Farming Systems and Management-Rural Development, and Post Harvest Technology, Marketing and Policy. They were solicited from international experts in tropical agriculture, rural development and sustainable agriculture, and focus on issues in tropical and subtropical regions. "Scientifically, they are dealing with problems, technologies and situation-conform solutions for sustainable (mainly low-input) food production, including agroforestry and aquaculture, postharvest technology and marketing in these regions. Furthermore, targets and challenges in rural development and development policy in a globalizing world are presented." (Back cover summary) Finding information is helped by a table of contents for each section, and an author index and keyword index. Of interest to the academic and research community involved in tropical or sustainable agriculture, the proceedings are also available online at http://www.tropentag.de/2002/proceedings/ SMB 5/12/2004

Cultivating Biodiversity: Understanding, Analysing and Using Agricultural Diversity, by United Nations University, United Nations Environment Programme, Global Environment Facility, edited by Harold Brookfield et al. London: ITDG, 2002. xi, 292p. [NAL Call # S494.5.A43 C85 2002]

Annotation: The contributors to this book present an introduction to the concept of agrodiversity in contrast to the older idea of agrobiodiversity (or agricultural biodiversity) in the context of rural development through a writings, research guidelines and case studies. The elements of agrodiversity include agricultural biodiversity, the range of species and varieties in an agroecosystem; management diversity, by farmers of soil, water, and other natural resources; biophysical diversity, the physical environment including earth and climate processes; and organizational diversity, for the operation decisions in response to the resources available, labor and markets. Case studies developed through field research for several People, Land Management and Environmental Change (PLEC) projects are presented in the third part of this book. The editors are affiliated with the United Nations University and the Global Environmental Facility through the PLEC organization; material focuses on developing countries in Africa, Asia and South America and includes notes, references, many figures and tables, and an index. This work will appeal to those interested in sustainable development, global change, and farmer participatory research in conservation. SMB 5/19/2004

** Develop Your Own EMS: a Grain Farming Example, by Gavin. Tinning and Genevieve Carruthers. Orange, NSW?: NSW Agriculture, 2002. 54p. Note: "The Grains Research and Development Corporation and Land and Water Australia provided funding for the project DAN390 from which these guidelines were derived" [NAL Call # S589.76.A8 T55 2002]

Annotation: "This book is a step-by-step guide for farmers wishing to develop an environmental management system (EMS) based upon the Australian and international standard ISO 14001." (Notes for the Reader, p. 3) The book was compiled by staff of New South Wales Australia's Wollongbar Agricultural Institution. Basic steps: environmental review; assessing environmental impacts; objectives, targets and action plans; monitoring; prevention; farm management and review of the EMS; and working towards continuous improvement; are covered through a fictional case study used to illustrate the EMS process. Tables throughout clarify each step; a list of resources for more information concludes this guide. More information: New South Wales Agriculture Environmental Management Systems Web site: http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/ems and International Organization for Standards Web site: http://www.iso.org SMB 10/01/2004

Empty Pastures: Confined Animals and the Transformation of the Rural Landscape, by Terence J. Centner. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2004. 189p. Note: Contents: Serenity in the countryside -- Changes in agricultural production -- The production of animals -- Concentrations of animals and water pollution -- State AFO regulations -- The environment of rural America -- Agricultural conservation efforts -- Odors and nuisance law -- Pesticide contamination precedents: liability and management -- Accountability and enforcement -- Transformations in food production. [NAL Call # S441 .C45 2004]

Annotation: This book describes the consequences of changing agricultural production practices in the U.S. during the last century and proposes nine actions for revitalization. It examines the proliferation of factory or industrial farms, pointing to the fact that the trend toward consolidating animals in large animal feeding operations (AFO) stands in contrast to the declining number of livestock raised on small farms. AFOs have been associated with environmental, economic, and social changes; the author addresses the subsequent effects on agriculture and the community. Small commercial farms, unable to compete, are disappearing. Issues covered are animal welfare, water quality, soil erosion, pesticide contamination, loss of biodiversity, overproduction and product value, conservation efforts, and effective use of legislation. A researcher and professor at the University of Georgia's College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Centner grew up on a New York farm owned by his family for 130 years. His research focuses on the impact of today's agricultural production practices on environmental, cultural, and economic issues. He proposes "nine opportunities" for revitalizing rural landscapes by encouraging sustainable practices, rebuilding rural communities, and supporting and utilizing existing regulations. They are: 1. Make it uneconomic to pollute; 2. Provide incentives for cleaning air and water resources; 3. Fund regulatory enforcement; 4. Enforce existing regulations; 5. Direct funds to communities rather than commodities; 6. Champion small-scale operations and activities; 7. Foster recreational and leisure activities in the countryside; 8. Support locally grown food products; 9. Assist local governments with governance. Contacts for state regulatory agencies and animal feeding operations, plus Internet access information for state CAFO regulations are provided in two appendices. Eight plates of black and white photographs of factory farming operations appear on unnumbered pages following p. 102. Includes an index. BT 06/08/04

Exploring Sustainable Alternatives (Conference), by Canadian Centre for Sustainable Agriculture. Saskatoon: Canadian Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, 2001. iii, 322p. Note: See also: The Best of - Exploring Sustainable Alternatives: An Introduction to Sustainable Agriculture, edited by Hart Haidn, 2002 [NAL Call # S494.5.S86 E97 2001]

Annotation: This volume is a compilation of conference presentations duplicative of those provided in The Best of - Exploring Sustainable Alternatives: An Introduction to Sustainable Agriculture, edited by Hart Haidn, 2002 (annotation provided elsewhere in this document). A couple presentations were not included in this version of the proceedings; all other selections are identical to the formally published version cited above. SMB 8/9/2004

Farmers' Bounty: Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World, by Stephen B. Brush. (Yale Agrarian Studies) New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 2004. xix, 327p. [NAL Call # SB123.3 B78 2004]

Annotation: "Why is so much diversity concentrated in particular crops and places? What happens to diversity as farming changes and becomes more modern? Can industrialized countries somehow repay their debt to the farmers of less developed countries that have provided genetic resources for our crops?" Stephen Brush, trained as an anthropologist and currently Professor in the Department of Human and Community Development at the University of California, Davis, has compiled an impressive resource based on these difficult questions. "My objective," he states in the Preface, "is to pull together a quarter century of research in different places and on different themes relating to the puzzles and pleasures of crop diversity. Four themes have organized my research: to explain the patterns of crop diversity, to ponder the fate of that diversity; to imagine new means of conserving it; and to address equity issues." Chapters address definitions and questions related to crop diversity; specific research endeavors, including "The Ethnoecology of Crop Diversity in Andean Potato Agriculture," "The Farmer's Place in Crop Evolution: Selection and Management," "Genetic Erosion of Crop Populations in Centers of Diversity: A Revision," and "The Ecology of Crop Diversity;" and, finally, policy issues involving crop diversity, e.g. "Rights over Genetic Resources and the Demise of the Biological Commons." The book contains numerous tables, an extensive bibliography, and index. MVG 8/16/04

** The Fatal Harvest Reader: the Tragedy of Industrial Agriculture, edited by Andrew Kimbrell. Washington: Foundation for Deep Ecology in collaboration with Island Press, 2002. xiv, 369p. [NAL Call # S589.75 .F379 2002]

Annotation: This companion reader to the book, Fatal Harvest: The Tragedy of Industrial Agriculture, also published in 2002, provides a critique of industrial agriculture and a vision of a more sustainable and ecological agriculture through a collection of essays by agricultural thinkers and activists. Divided into four parts: Myths of industrial agriculture, Agrarian and industrial worldviews, Industrial agriculture's toxic trail, and Organic and beyond; this book offers a challenge to the industrial agriculture model and hopes to alter the reader's thinking about agricultural food systems. Editor Andrew Kimbrell (executive director of the International Center for Technology Assessment): "The essays in this book provide a comprehensive and integrated portrait of the current cultural and agricultural crisis. They also analyze the pathology of the transformation we have witnessed in food production. The book's subject matter reaches into virtually every facet of our daily lives, beyond the obviousness of the meals we eat each day and the clothes we wear... Ultimately, this book is a call to arms-" (Prologue) Reader also includes contributor biographies, selected references and readings, an organizational resource list and an index. More information available from http://www.fatalharvest.org/. SMB 10/12/2004

Food Systems for Improved Human Nutrition: Linking Agriculture, Nutrition, and Productivity, by , edited by Palit K. Kataki and Suresh Chandra Babu. New York: Food Products Press, 2002. xvi, 394p. Note: "Co-published simultaneously as Journal of crop production, volume 6, numbers 1/2(#11/12)." [NAL Call # RA645.N87 F684 2002]

Annotation: The editors and contributing authors of this book are international agricultural, food and economic researchers from universities and policy institutes worldwide. The book "examines all aspects of food systems, drawing on examples from various countries and geographical regions... It also explores the extent of malnourishment in different areas; presents case studies from South Asia, China, India, Bangladesh, and East Africa; points to ways to improve food production and nutrient quality; and suggests directions for future research." (Back Cover) The "food systems" approach identifies strategies to increase the production, supply, affordability and consumption of diverse foods in order to improve nutrition and reduce food insecurity and malnutrition. This approach values indigenous management skills for the preservation of traditional foods that supply the macronutrient and micronutrient needs of the local population. The main setting of the research presented here is in developing countries of Africa and Asia with global application. The information will be of special interest to professionals involved in agriculture, nutrition and production methods. This book was published simultaneously as Journal of Crop Production, Volume 6, No. 1/2 (11/12) 2002; it includes an index and a list of references at the end of each article. SMB 5/26/2004

From the Ground Up: Rethinking Industrial Agriculture, by Helena Norberg Hodge, Peter Goering, John Page, and International Society for Ecology and Culture. 2nd rev. ed. ed. New York: Zed Books in association with International Society for Ecology and Culture, 2001. xxxiii, 120p. Note: Rev. ed. of: From the ground up, Peter Goering, 1993. [NAL Call # S439 .G64 2001]

Annotation: Arranged in two parts, this book presents problems with industrial agricultural practices such as, homogenization, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, factory farms, mechanization and biotechnology, and then presents some solutions such as, local knowledge, traditional systems, on-farm diversity, ecological agricultural, organic products, and local food systems. The authors are affiliated with the International Society for Ecology and Culture (ISEC), a non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of biological and cultural diversity. "[This book] sets the decline of agriculture within the broader context of industrialization as a whole, and explores some of the fundamental principles which underlie the 'growth-at-any-cost' thinking of modern society. At the same time, it documents the growing public distrust of conventional agricultural practices, and highlights some of the most promising alternative leading to more sane, environmentally healthy ways of producing food." Several figures and tables are included within the text. Two appendices feature short historical summaries of notable people and organizations of the sustainable agriculture movement, and contact information for selected organizations that provide information about local initiatives. Notes for all sections of the book except the introduction which includes its own notes, and an index conclude the work. SMB 6/16/2004

** Fruits of Progress: Growing Sustainable Farming and Food Systems, by Lori A. Thrupp and World Resources Institute. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute, 2002. xii, 85p. [NAL Call # S494.5.S86 T47 2002]

Annotation: Twelve innovative agricultural operations (primarily in California) that have adopted a range of sustainable agricultural practices are presented here as representatives of the "greening" or increasing environmental stewardship within the food system. Case studies of these operations provide information about characteristics and motivations of sustainable food and agricultural enterprises, strategies for greening the food system, effective production and marketing practices, and future challenges. "A 'green' transformation is sprouting in the food and agriculture industry. Growing Numbers of farmers, food manufacturers, and distributors in many parts of the world are adopting environmental stewardship approaches and other methods to protect public health and natural resources. For a variety of reasons, businesses are integrating ecological considerations into farming practices, food factory operations, and grocery shelves, just as individuals are addressing these concerns in their daily food selections. This report will demonstrate that this approach holds multi-faceted benefits for these businesses and for society." (From the Executive Summary) Author Thrupp, now Fetzer Vineyards' Manager of Organic Development, has also worked as Life Scientist at the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Director of Sustainable Agriculture at the World Resources Institute (WRI). References and an appendix of people consulted for this study are included at the end of this book. SMB 9/09/2004

A Green and Permanent Land: Ecology and Agriculture in the Twentieth Century, by Randal S. Beeman and James A. Pritchard. (Development of western resources.) Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001. ix, 219p. [NAL Call # S441.B36 2001]

Annotation: This book provides a history of the agricultural movement variously described with terms including permanent, sustainable, organic, biodynamic, alternative, ecological, and natural. The experiences and philosophies of people and organizations that made up this movement in the twentieth century United States are examined in the context of the modern agricultural situation. "The story of how ecological thought has altered agricultural theory, practice, and policy since the 1930s is an underdeveloped chapter in the agricultural, environmental, and technological history of the United States. [This] book about agriculture in the age of ecology is primarily a history with ideas at its center, yet it is also a tale of colorful personalities, changed institutions, and innovative people introducing specific farming practices and policies." (Introduction) The book concludes with many pages of notes organized by chapter, a selected bibliography and an index. The authors, Beeman and Pritchard, are history and environmental philosophy professors, respectively, and present material especially relevant for those who want to explore the history of the sustainable agriculture with a contemporary perspective. SMB 6/3/2004

Indigenous Management of Wetlands: Experiences in Ethiopia, by Alan B. Dixon and King's College London University of London School of Oriental and African Studies. King's SOAS Studies in Development Geography. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003. xiv, 243p. [NAL Call # QH77.E8 D58 2003]

Annotation: This study focuses on protection of threatened wetlands by indigenous peoples utilizing indigenous knowledge; and on sustainable agricultural use, community use, and hydrological and socio-economic uses of wetlands. Issues include threats to wetland ecosystems, especially in relation to biodiversity, eco-hydrology, industrial degradation, and unsustainable development as experienced in the Ethiopian Highlands/Illubabor zone. The author is a professor of Geographical Sciences at the University of Huddersfield (UK). His findings, drawn from detailed field studies and farmer interviews, determined that environmental degradation occurs when the rate of environmental or socio-economic change increases or exceeds the capacity of local communities to adapt their resource management techniques. Research was done to determine the extent to which the hydrological management of wetlands for agricultural development can be sustainable. Information was collected on indigenous farmers' perceptions of wetland hydrological processes and their management strategies. Principles of sustainable hydrological management are established and discussed in the context of empowering indigenous knowledge resources for future sustainable development programs. While highly technical in nature, this book reads easily and flows with illustrative examples of the hydrological and other principles described. Included are well done charts, photographs, and maps which correspond to nearby text. Text is annotated; bibliography at back for further reading. This is an excellent reference for those interested in preserving wetlands in Africa or elsewhere, especially academics, persons interested in development issues, policy makers, environmental groups, and hydrologists. Part of the "King's SOAS Studies in Development Geography" series, published by King's College School of Oriental and African Studies (UK).  WBT, 4/23/2004

Integrated Pest Management for Walnuts, by University of California Integrated Pest Management Program. 3rd ed. (Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Publication 3270) Berkeley, CA: University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, 2003. vii, 136p. Note: "First edition written by Brunhilde Kobbe. Third edition revisions written by Larry L. Strand." [NAL Call # S39.P82 no. 3270 2003]

Annotation: This guide, designed to be used in conjunction with the "Walnut Production Manual" (1997. UC ANR Pub. no. 3373), helps growers and pest control professionals plan an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy for California walnut crops. In California, walnut production on approximately 200,000 acres accounts for "about 95% of the English or Persian walnuts grown in the United States." Production and management techniques are influenced by the two distinct climatic regions, "the hotter interior valleys and the cooler coastal districts." The introduction, "The Walnut Tree: Development and Growth Requirements," serves as the basis for the management guidelines presented. In the remaining chapters, five categories of orchard pests are reviewed: insects and mites, diseases, weeds, nematodes, and vertebrates. Each chapter describes specific pests and their development, where and when major pests occur, and associated symptoms and damage caused. Management guidelines are given for prevention or natural control techniques, effective monitoring practices, and treatment options. Each section includes detailed, color photographs of pests and associated crop damage, plus black and white measurement scales that show actual pest size. Some entries include tables, charts, graphs, detailed drawings, and/or sample forms for monitoring management strategies. The "Key to Damage Symptoms" (p. 123-126) index, sorted by location (e.g., on shoots and leaves), describes symptoms that indicate pest damage, and lists the corresponding section name and page for that symptom. The main index (p. 133-136) also specifies which entries refer to a main discussion on a topic or to an illustration. There is also a Suggested Reading list and a Glossary. BT 06/09/04

** Landscape Agroecology, by Paul A. Wojtkowski. New York: Food Products Press, 2004. xiv, 330p. [NAL Call # S589.7 .W648 2004]

Annotation: In this work, Paul Wojtkowski pioneers an analysis of physical landscape concepts in relation to agroecological systems. He defines this new concept in his introduction: “Landscape agroecology, the ecology of a productive countryside, is a branch of general agroecology. It is also an offshoot of agriculture, forestry, agroforestry, and natural ecology, where the focus is not on individual (agro) ecosystems (agroecosystems and on-farm natural ecosystems), but on (1) the interaction between human-derived, -managed, and/or -influenced ecosystems or (2) the interaction between those that yield useful output and neighboring natural and nonproducing ecosystems.” Land use, biodiversity, agrotechnologies, and socioeconomic concerns are examined as concepts within the paradigm of landscape agroecology. Some agrotechnologies covered include land use patterns, alley cropping, intercropping, microcatchments, shade systems, terraces, rotations, infiltration barriers, living fences, and wind breaks. Full chapters are devoted to water management; wind, frost and fire; integrated pest management (IPM); and patterns. References and a subject index are included at the end of the book. Many informative figures, tables and photographs are scattered throughout and indicated in the index. Students and professionals in agricultural and related fields will find the concept introduced by this work important. SMB 9/21/2004

The Next Green Revolution: Essential Steps to a Healthy, Sustainable Agriculture, by James E. Horne and Maura McDermott. New York: Food Products Press, 2001. xix, 312p. [NAL Call # S441 .H67 2001]

Annotation: This passionately presented volume presents sustainable agriculture as a remedy or solution to the current, "unhealthy" agricultural situation. The author narrates a trial in which industrial agriculture is indicted for 1) "endangering essential natural resources" and "jeopardizing the future productivity of agriculture," 2) increasing farmer dependence on fertilizers and pesticides made from fossil fuels while "downplaying the consequences" of their overuse, and 3) contributing to the downturn of rural America by displacing farmers financially and by disregarding "the well-being of rural communities." James Horne, as the plaintiff's witness, describes his childhood experiences on the family's Oklahoma farm, his subsequent farming career, and, later, his testimony before Congress for and involvement in USDA sustainable agriculture programs. The authors also briefly summarize the history of agriculture - arising from nature "about 9,000 to 10,000" years ago, followed by industrial agriculture in the late 1800's and the "sustainable era" that began in the 1980's; and review the early stages in sustainable agriculture program development, including Low Input Sustainable Agriculture (LISA) and Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE).

The majority of the book focuses on a comprehensive eight-step action plan to help farmers achieve "a healthy enduring agriculture," i.e., sustainable agriculture. One chapter is devoted to each action:

  1. "Create and conserve healthy soil.
  2. Conserve water and protect it's quality.
  3. Manage organic wastes without pollution.
  4. Manage pests with minimal environmental impact.
  5. Select livestock and crops adapted to the natural environment.
  6. Encourage biodiversity.
  7. Conserve energy resources.
  8. Increase profitability and reduce risk." (p. 63)

Includes, for each step, a corresponding, how-to "Checklist for Farmers" and a comparison of sustainable and industrial agriculture practices (figure 10.1, p. 261-263).

Author James E. Horne is President of the Kerr Center for Sustainable Agriculture and testified before Congress in the early 1980's in support of creating USDA programs focused on sustainable agriculture. Maura McDermott is the Kerr Center's Communication Director and the editor of the Center's newsletter, "Field Notes." There is a foreword by John E. Ikerd; List of Notes, by chapter; Bibliography; Index; and many tables, charts, and short "asides" of one to ten paragraphs describing specific agricultural practices. This work will be of interest to farmers, students, teachers, policymakers, researchers and others interested in a sustainable agriculture. BT, July 14, 2004

Renewable Bioresources: Scope and Modification for Non-Food Applications, by , edited by Christian V. Stevens and Roland G. Verhe. Chischester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2004. xvii, 310p. [NAL Call # TP155.2 E58R46 2004]

Annotation: This overview work about bioresources grew out of institutional partnerships formed in a joint European Masters program on renewable resources. The book looks at future development of resources in terms of a "triple bottom line" - environmental, social and economic - a theme that should be familiar to advocates of sustainable agriculture in the U.S. It seeks to address the "fundamental issues underlying the properly managed transition to a bioeconomy." "More and more companies become aware of the importance of this new tendency [use of renewable resources] and realize that investment in new technology based on renewable resources will be important in order to develop their business in a sustainable way. Therefore, the interaction between chemistry, biology, biochemistry, agricultural sciences, environmental technology and economy is very intense and will have be optimal for a successful economically feasible application." Contributing authors come from a wide variety of European Universities and research organizations including the Unit of Biomass Technology and Chemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; European Flavour and Fragrance Association; Green Chemistry Group, University of York; Department of Animal Products Technology, Agricultural University of Wroclaw (Poland); and the Silva Network (Finland). They address "Green Chemistry;" bio-energy; socio-economic and policy issues related to renewable resources; efficient use of plant materials; products from carbohydrates, wood and fibers; non-carbohydrate biopolymers; products from lipids and proteins; and high value uses of renewable resources. A concluding chapter reviews these issues with comments regarding future development. Tables, chemical formulae, and reference lists accompany most chapters. MVG 8/16/94

The Social Risks of Agriculture: Americans Speak Out on Food, Farming, and the Environment, edited by Ronald C. Wimberley, Craig K. Harris, Joseph J. Molnar, and Terry J. Tomazic. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002. xii, 163p. [NAL Call # HT421.S58 2002]

Annotation: American public perceptions/opinions about the effects of farming on the environment are documented and discussed in this work. The main source of data were surveys conducted under the auspices of the USDA CSREES (1986 USDA Cooperative State Research Service Regional Project S-198, "Social Dimensions of Technological Change, Natural Resource Use, and Agricultural Structure" and the 1992 Project S-246, "The Transformation of Agriculture: Resources, Technologies, and Policies.") Main topics evaluated include government agricultural policy, environmental impacts of agriculture, agrochemicals, food safety, clean drinking water and water quality, farm animal welfare, agrarianism, rural society, and family farms. The editors and contributors, rural sociologists and statisticians from several U.S. Universities, found that, "...the large American society of nonfarm consumers and also the electorate that ultimately guides the policies and behavior of American agriculture holds farmers in very high regard. However, there are potential public doubts that can and may pose additional risks to the agricultural sector. These risks are shown through public opinions on agriculturally related environmental factors and, perhaps to a more limited extent, on public perceptions of the treatment of farm animals and of food safety and quality. For now, at least, farmers are not viewed as environmental culprits. But according to various indications from the research at hand, that could change" (from Conclusions on p.123). Specifically, the authors note that organically grown fruits and vegetables score the highest in the Index of Food Safety. There are tables throughout; three Appendices contain: Technical Documentation (statistical and survey methodologies); Comparisons with Other Surveys and National Data (1984 Gallup Poll, 1986 and 1991 National Opinion Research Center (NORC) General Social Survey (GSS), 1992 Roper Poll and various years of U.S. Census data); 1992 Questionnaire (from Project S-246, "The Transformation of Agriculture: Resources, Technologies, and Policies"). SMB 4/21/2004

Soil Biological Fertility: A Key to Sustainable Land Use in Agriculture, edited by Lynette K. Abbott and Daniel V. Murphy. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. xi, 264p. [NAL Call # QH84.8.S627 2003]

Annotation: This collection of twelve papers focuses on the role of soil biology in agricultural ecosystems, soil fertility, sustainable agriculture, and agricultural land management practices. The papers examine how soil biological fertility is influenced by agricultural land management practices and their effects on soil physical and chemical conditions. Holistic approaches to land management that maintain important biological processes are key to developing sustainable farming systems. The 22 contributing authors are faculty or researchers at U.S. or international universities, government entities or organizations; the editors are faculty members of the University of Western Australia. Aimed primarily at researchers and university students, each paper includes an extensive list of references; some include tables, graphs or charts. BT 4/28/2004

The Sustainability of Rural Systems: Geographical Interpretations, by the International Geographical Union Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems, edited by I.R. Bowler, C.R. Bryant, and C. Cocklin. GeoJournal Library, 66. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002. xiii, 280p. [NAL Call # HN49.C6 S884 2002]

Annotation: The specially commissioned chapters in this work were written by multiple authors from geography departments in academic institutions in Europe and Canada. The content reflect theoretical and empirical knowledge developed by the research community surrounding the International Geographical Union Commission on "The Sustainability of Rural Systems," founded in 1993. The contributors focus: Sustainable development is a process tempered by dynamic human components; it is a social construction that varies both temporatally and geographically. The book attempts to identify, "Challenges and imperatives in developing a sustainable development approach to the rural environment and its resources, its economy and society." Emphasis is on developed countries, primarily in the EU. The chapter on Sustainable Farming Systems, authored by I.R. Bowler, University of Leicester (UK), focuses on "alternative agricultures" and "integrated farming systems." Each of the fourteen chapters is accompanied by a list of references. Academics, policy makers, and land use planners should find this book useful. The IGU Commission maintains a web site: http://www.geog.umontreal.ca/igu-rural-systems/. MVG 4/26/2004

Sustainable Agriculture, by John Mason. 2nd ed. ed. Collingwood, Vic.(Australia): Landlinks Press, 2003. 205p. [NAL Call # S494.5.S86 M37 2003]

Annotation: This resource offers summaries and an overview of many key concepts in sustainable agriculture. Differing alternative farming concepts and systems such as natural farming, organic agriculture, permaculture, biodynamics, crop rotation, low-input systems and hydroponics are summarized. Then, soil and water management techniques and issues including erosion, salinity, soil organic matter, conservation tillage, composting and mulching, rainwater collection, dams, water quality, water conservation, wastewater reuse, swales and keylines, and irrigation systems are highlighted. The author also presents integrated pest management (IPM), cultural control, pruning, pest traps, chemical sprays, biological control, companion planting and weed identification in the pest, disease and weed control chapters. Chapters about business planning and marketing, crop and pasture management, trees and windbreaks, livestock management and natural agricultural inputs conclude this book, along with an appendix of sources for further information and an index. The author, the principal of the Australian Correspondence Schools (with a background in horticulture and publishing), provides a good introduction to sustainable agriculture concepts for those who wish to learn about this field. It updates his 1997 text by the same title. SMB 7/21/2004

Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security: The Impact of Globalisation, edited by Vandana Shiva and Gitanjali Bedi. New Delhi; Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2002. 513p. [NAL Call # HD9000.5.S88 2002]

Annotation: This is a compilation of articles concerning the globalization of agriculture, with case studies and examples from India, Sri Lanka and Mexico. In many of the articles, real-world examples are used to illustrate a premise that corporate-run agriculture is unsustainable in nature. Globalization, several of the articles argue, undermines ecological security by encouraging natural resource exploitation for short term profits. This argument goes further in several of the articles to state that globalization cannot provide food or livelihood security for farmers and consumers when corporate profits are paramount. Some authors make the case that there is a significant lack of freedom intrinsic to corporate rule, and provide numerous examples (mainly in India) to show that global agribusiness takes control of agriculture if the state allows it too. Diversity on small farms is shown to be higher in productivity in real-world conditions than corporate high-yielding varieties. This work covers global issues of interest to policy makers, non-governmental organizations, and environmental organizations looking at sustainable agriculture, food security and accessibility, globalization, marginal and peasant farmers, land and water resources, biodiversity, biotechnology, corporate agriculture, and international trade. The book does not contain a unifying introduction or summary. WBT 5/11/2004

** Sustainable Agriculture and the International Rice-Wheat System, edited by Rattan Lal, Peter R. Hobbs, Norman Uphoff, and David O. Hansen. (Books in soils, plants, and the environment) New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2004. xix, 532p. [NAL Call # S494.5.S86 S87 2004]

Annotation: The result of collaboration between agricultural researchers across the globe, this compilation includes over thirty chapters on food systems and sustainable agricultural practices. The rice-wheat cropping system and conservation tillage techniques are used to exemplify the role of environmental agricultural practices in farming systems. Writings are grouped into sections on food security and natural resources, no-till opportunities and adoption, social and economic issues, and international networking and cooperation. Case studies from South Asia comprise the third section. "This book brings together both the practical experience of many farmers from different parts of the world and the insights of scientists as to how best to manage the contrasting soil requirements. Among the management options that have received the most recent attention from scientists are no-till systems. The book covers experiences in South Asia, South America, and the United States in machinery design, as well as the social and economic issues related to adoption of the no-till system. Not least of the Advantages is the effect on soil and water conservation." (From Preface) Book editors hail from The Ohio State University and Cornell University and have strong professional interests in international agriculture, particularly soil and crop science applications in South Asia. The materials in the book are based on a workshop held at The Ohio State University on February 20, 2002. References are included with each chapter and an index is provided at the end of the book. SMB 12/10/04

Sustainable Agriculture: Making Money, Making Sense: Twenty Years of Research and Results: Literature Review, by Kristen Corselius, Suzanne Wisniewski, and Mark Ritchie. Washington, DC: Fires of Hope, 2001. 44p. [NAL Call # S441.C766 2001]

Annotation: This book presents a review of U.S. research pertaining to sustainable agriculture including comparisons of conventional and sustainable systems, soil management practices, organic farming, integrated pest management, cover cropping, and rotational grazing. Recommendations for further research and agricultural policy changes conclude the book. The authors are affiliated with the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP), an organization that promotes research and education into environmentally and economically sustainable rural communities. Their Forward states, "Over the past twenty years, the quality and quantity of research on sustainable farming has steadily increased. This survey of results provides one of the first attempts to compile a body of data that will help farmers discern larger patterns, lessons and opportunities. While much remains to study and learn - especially about profitability impacts on both conventional and sustainable growers of the so-called new economy - one thing is clear: sustainable agriculture can be good for a farming family's bottom line." Findings will interest agricultural policy makers, researchers, producers and others concerned with sustainable practices. The book includes several pages of references of the research literature reviewed for this book. SMB 6/2/2004

** Sustainable Food and Agriculture, by Irina G. Malkina-Pykh and Y. A. Pykh. (The sustainable world Vol. 4) Southampton; Boston: WIT Press, 2003. 366p. [NAL Call # S494.5.S86 M35 2003]

Annotation: Many aspects of food and agriculture are examined from the sustainable agriculture perspective. The authors, both from the Center for International Environmental Cooperation at the Russian Academy of Sciences, address agricultural history, systems analysis and models, food and agricultural resources and technology, agricultural economics, food and society, and agricultural impacts on the global environment. "Over the past two decades a growing movement has emerged to question the role of the agricultural establishment in promoting practices that contribute to such problems as topsoil depletion, groundwater contamination, the decline of family farms, escalating costs of production, and the disintegration of economic and social conditions in rural communities. Now gaining increasing support and acceptance within mainstream agriculture, this movement for sustainable agriculture integrates three main goals - environmental health, economic profitability, and social and economic equity." (From the summary on the back cover) This work also contains a glossary of food and agricultural terms, a bibliography and a subject index. Students in undergraduate and graduate programs in the food and agricultural sciences, and professionals in related industries, will find interest in this volume. SMB 8/25/2004

Swept Away: Chronic Hardship and Fresh Promise on the Rural Great Plains: A Soci-Economic Study of the Rural Great Plains, by Jon M. Bailey and Kim Preston. Walthill, NE: Center for Rural Affairs, 2003. iii, 44p. [NAL Call # HD1476 U6B35 2003]
Document online: http://www.cfra.org/resources/publications.htm

Annotation: Swept Away is the third* in a series of reports by the Center detailing the socio-economic conditions of the rural Great Plains covering the period from 1970-2000. The volume uses data from the U.S. Census and annual U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Information System, that look at 182 counties (20% or more of county income from agriculture) in six states - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota. The data are presented in numerous tables and graphs illustrating change during the decade 1990-2000 in population, per capita income, earnings, job growth rates, poverty rates, and many other areas. Overall and state-specific numbers are included. Documentation for population decline, widespread poverty, comparative and persistent low income and earnings, reliance on unearned income, and entrepreneurial character of these counties. "Will these demographic, economic and policy forces figuratively sweep communities off the map?" ask the authors. They follow up with recommendations for changes in public policy ranging from paradigm shifts (e.g. from competitiveness to cooperation, greater regional collaboration, etc.) to specifics, e.g. "We think the future of these communities holds abundant promise if a new rural development paradigm is swept in. Policymakers and communities in the region must recognize the character of the region is based in entrepreneurial activity and must build rural development strategies around that character. Any rural development model for the region must recognize that cookie-cutter policies and strategies that work in metropolitan areas have not and will not work in most rural communities. Finally, and possibly most importantly, the region and its people must make the status of their agriculturally-based communities a priority and focus thought, strategies, initiatives and resources upon them." (Introduction) [*See: Trampled Dreams: The Neglected Economy of the Rural Great Plains (2000); Half a Glass of Water (1990); and A Socio-Economic and Demographic Profile of the Middle Border (1989)] MVG 8/16/04

Taking Stands: Gender and the Sustainability of Rural Communities, by Maureen G. Reed. Vancouver; Toronto: UBC Press, 2003. 282p. [NAL Call # HQ1240.5 C2R44 2003]

Annotation: This book examines the role of women in rural forestry communities by studying Northern Vancouver Island or North Island experience. Public policy, economic development, social change and land use planning are examined in the context of environmental activism and social sustainability. The author, a University of British Columbia geography and gender studies professor, focuses on the women who support the forestry industry and their perspectives on their community and environment. "It is a central thesis of this book that environmentalism is an important social challenge, and social considerations must accompany demands for changes in human-ecological relations. By considering forestry issues from the perspective of women who live in forestry communities, I hope to dispense with the dichotomies of 'pro' and 'anti' that currently polarize environmental debates. By examining how women's experiences are shaped through historical, environmental, social, economic, and political changes, it is possible to understand how women interpret these changes and organize to take action within the larger society." (from the Preface, p.x)  Aimed primarily at policy makers, academics, and environmental activists, this study was done in conjunction with field research in human geography and women studies for the University of British Columbia and funded by Forest Renewal BC. An appendix describing research methods, notes, references and an index are included. SMB 4/29/2004

Towards a Community Supported Agriculture, by Just Food Project of Friends of the Earth Brisbane. Brisbane, Australia: Friends of the Earth, 2003? 30p. [NAL Call # S478.A1 T89 2003]

Annotation: The idea of community supported agriculture (CSA) as a response to conventional food production is explored in this short (30-page) introductory document. Initial sections about the global industrial food system, the ecology of food production, and food and health present concerns about current worldwide agricultural practices. Ideals of CSA, models and tools for CSAs and "snapshot" case studies illustrate alternative agricultural practices such as local food systems, organic production and direct marketing as solutions to these concerns. Although authored by an Australian organization, the focus of this book is global. "In this publication, Friends of the Earth are pointing towards a different vision - slow food rather than fast food, grown in the local area, rather than transported from the other side of the planet. A vision in which food forms an integral part in the fabric of a community, as a kind of 'social glue', connecting people to each other and to the earth. We're talking about a community supported agriculture, in which people know where their food comes from, what's in it, and who has grown it." (Introduction) Appendices to this book provide additional sources for information in the form of Web links and books. The book concludes with references for the material in the book. SMB 8/2/2004

Unique Decision Making With Focus on Information Use: the Case of Converting to Organic Milk Production, by Daniel Lunneryd. (Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, Agraria, 1401-6249, 405.) Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2003. 214p. Note: Thesis (doctoral)--Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2003. [NAL Call # S419 .A28 no. 405]

Annotation: This doctoral thesis explores how decisions about converting to organic milk production are made by conventional milk producers in Sweden. The author analyzes the decision making process based on interviews with farmers and a survey through a computer model. Results reveal that the reasons for farmers transitioning to organic production differ greatly. The farmers' values play an important role in their decision making, for example, ideology versus profitability as motivation for converting is cited. The author, a researcher in the Department of Economics at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, has provided a literature review into decision making theory, background on organic milk production in Sweden, and case studies conducted though interviews with farmers interested in or who have completed transitioning to organic milk production. A model was developed and tested based on the results of a questionnaire distributed to Swedish milk producers. The text includes references to print and electronic materials and appendices related to the case studies. This work was published in Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, a series of doctoral theses from the faculty of Agriculture, Landscape Architecture and Horticulture at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. It should be of interest to those interested in the decision making process and those interested in agriculture, especially organic production. 6/23/2004 SMB

** Wastewater Use in Irrigated Agriculture: Confronting the Livelihood and Environmental Realities, edited by C. A. Scott, N. I. Faruqui, and L. Raschid-Sally. Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CAB International , 2004. Note: Published in association with the International Water Management Institute and the International Development Research Centre. [NAL Call # TD760 .W356 2004]

Annotation: Wastewater is a resource of growing global importance and, "sustainably managed, can greatly enhance liveihoods and improve environmental quality. This central tenet is recognized in the Hyderabad Declaration on Wastewater Use in Agriculture (Appendix 1 in this volume), an important outcome of the joint IWMI-IDRC workshop held 11-14 Nov. 2002 in Hyderabad, India." (Foreward, p. vii) This work presents a series of 16 "thematic" chapters aimed at better understanding of wastewater use in agriculture particularly in developing countries, and detailed case studies of what works and what does not. Contributors come from a wide range of institutions and countries; studies represent projects and research from Kenya, Ghana, Vietnam, Pakistan, Senegal, India, Bolivia, Mexico, Jordan, and Tunisia. There are also chapters dealing with general management challenges, developing a wastewater typology, and health issues and guidelines. References are included with each chapter, along with a book index. MVG 12/20/04

** Water for Every Farm: Yeomans Keyline Plan, by Ken B. Yeomans and P. A. Yeomans. Rev. ed. Southport, Qld., Australia: Keyline Designs, 2002. 378p. Note: "Comprehensive whole farm design, amplified contour cultivation, water storage in farm dams, layout better farm roads, quick gravity irrigation, contour strip forests, subdivision design, erosion control, solving salt." "Metric & imperial" Compiled, updated and edited by Ken B. Yeomans from work and writings of the late P.A. Yeomans. [NAL Call # S494.5.W3 W374 2002]

Annotation: The bulk of this book's content is a compilation of previous works by P.A. Yeoman, a pioneer of the Keyline system. Put together by Ken Yeomans, son of P.A. Yeomans, this work updates the classic 1993 edition by same title. The writings on the Keyline system selected for this book address biological soil fertility, natural landscape design based on contour, patterns of cultivation, water movement and harvesting, irrigation practices, farm dams and roads, irrigation channels and banks, fencing, timber, and urban landscape design topics. "The Keyline Plan is to prepare the land to quickly absorb, and hold by way of improved physical and biological field capacity, an increasing proportion of its rainfall. Also the plan is to store surplus runn off water, wherever practical, in large "on-farm" storages, for later use by gravity powered, rapid, flood irrigation. The design achieving this becomes a whole Keyline landscape regeneration and development plan. Components of the landscape design such as roads; contour strip forests; buildings and subdivision fit logically together within the plan" (From Keyline - What it is) This edition also includes a section about other out-of-print books about Keyline systems by P.A.Yeomans, a short biography of P.A. Yeomans, the 1993 and 2001 edition prefaces, and an index. More information is available at http://www.keyline.com.au. SMB 9/1/2004

Watershed Management for Sustainable Agriculture, edited by M. A. Khan. Jodhpur: Agrobios (India), 2002. 237p. [NAL Call # S471.I4 W38 2002]

Annotation: This collection of 24 papers (2 to 14 pages each) describes agricultural practices, tools, and technologies for watershed management which can be implemented in arid or semi-arid regions to improve "primary production systems for the sustenance of [the] local population." The papers are aimed at "researchers, administrators, planners, policy makers, and field workers" (preface) and were compiled by M. A. Khan and 23 contributors from the Central Arid Zone Research Institute in Jodhpur, India. Topics covered include appropriate farm machinery; cropping systems; crop production problems in watershed management systems; delineation; economic aspects of watershed management; energy plantations and indigenous plants; geographical information systems; Index Catchment; integrated development projects; integrated nutrient management in arid soils; integrated pest management; land use planning; livestock production; pasture improvement and management for enhancing grass production; plants of economic importance; rainwater management; remote sensing; soil conservation and water; management techniques; solar energy utilization; and SWOT analysis of watershed management programme. Information exchange also is addressed in papers that focus on community organization and conflict management; facilitating information exchange skills; and project monitoring tools. Some papers contain tables, charts, lists of references; an index is included. BT 5/18/2004

Note: Individual paper titles are:

  1. Remote sensing in watershed delineation, characterisation and development (N.K. Kalra)
  2. Delineation of watershed (P.C. Moharana)
  3. Applications of remote sensing and geographical information system for prioritisation of watershed (M.A. Khan)
  4. Index catchment approach for area development (N.S. Vangani)
  5. Resource appraisal for land use planning in watershed (Balak Ram)
  6. Rainwater management in watershed (M.A. Khan)
  7. Crop[p]ing systems in watershed areas (N.L. Joshi)
  8. Future and prospects of agroforestry in 2000 A.D. for the arid tropics (J.P. Gupta)
  9. Pasture improvement and management for enhancing grass production in a watershed (K.C. Singh)
  10. Energy plantations and indigenous plants for watershed development (Suresh Kumar)
  11. Soil conservation and water management techniques (K.D. Sharma)
  12. Integrated nutrient management in arid soils (Praveen Kumar and R.K. Aggarwal)
  13. Integrated pest management in the watershed (S.K. Verma)
  14. Fuel wood and fodder farming in arid region of India (L.N. Harsh)
  15. Appropriate farm machinery and Solar energy utilization in a watershed (Harpal Singh)
  16. Evaluation of plants of economic importance (Hamid A. Kahn)
  17. Livestock production (S.K. Kaushish)
  18. Economic aspect of watershed management (M.L. Purohit)
  19. Convergence of services of integrated development (Manjit Singh)
  20. Analysis of production problem (R.P. Singh)
  21. Community organisation and conflict management (L.P. Bharara)
  22. Project monitoring technique – net work analysis (Pert/Cpm) (M.L. Purohit)
  23. Facilitation skills for watershed development project (R.N. Singh)
  24. SWOT analysis of watershed management programme (M.L. Purohit)
  25. Participatory approaches in transfer of technology for sustainability in agriculture (K.N.K. Chauhan)
  26. PRA techniques for watershed development programmes (D.C. Joshi)

Wendell Berry and the Agrarian Tradition: a Common Grace, by Kimberly K. Smith. (American political thought.) Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2003. x, 270p. [NAL Call # S441 .S72 2003]
Document online: Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy037/2002013584.html.

Annotation: This book is an overview and analysis of the books and general philosophy of the author, Wendell Berry. His books are referenced and used to define his philosophy and provide an overview of his writing. Covering many of the more than thirty volumes Berry has written, Dr. Smith focuses on his agrarian visions and environmental beliefs, bringing his writings together under common themes. More of a study of Berry's writings than a critique of his ideas, this book is an excellent evaluation of the universal ideas that bind his books together. It includes charts, lists of contacts, appendices of importance, and indexes. This book would be appropriate for both those who have long pondered Wendell Berry's books and newcomers to this author, as well as those interested in sustainable agriculture in general. Author KIMBERLY K. SMITH is associate professor of political science at Carleton College. In addition to this book on Wendell Barry, she has written "The Dominion of Voice: Riot, Reason, and Romance in Antebellum Politics," which won the Merle Curti Intellectual History Award (Organization of American Historians). WBT 7/2/04

Where Does Your Food Come From?: Recipes for Communicating Effectively About American Agriculture, by FoodRoutes Network. Millheim, PA: FoodRoutes Network, 2002? 156p. [NAL Call # S441.W43 2002]

Annotation: This ring-bound volume is a cookbook-style manual covering effective communication about U.S. food production with in-depth descriptions of strategic communications planning and communications tools that the sustainable agriculture community can employ to adjust and tailor its messages and strategies to successfully reach consumers and farmers. Each chapter begins with a recipe and describes a related agricultural issue. It was put together by the FoodRoutes Network, a national nonprofit organization advocating local, community-based food systems and "dedicated to reintroducing Americans to their food – the seeds it grows from, the farmers who produce it, and the routes that carry it from the fields to their tables." (Website, 5/2004) Six focus groups were conducted with farmers and consumers in three states to determine how they "view sustainable agriculture and how agricultural and food issues are reported to the public by the media." Phrases and terms, plus messages selected from publications produced by sustainable agriculture organizations were tested with farmer participants selected by USDA Cooperative Extension Service Agents and with consumers recruited by a professional opinion research company. Results revealed that, "both farmers and consumers are completely out of touch with the key arguments being utilized today in pursuit of system change. The research shows unequivocally that the sustainable agriculture community needs to make adjustments in our messages and strategies for reaching these critical audiences." Additional materials accompanying this book: a directory of related publications and Web sites that includes seven sources selected for their opposing view; and a companion CD containing a PDF of the "cookbook," and materials cited throughout: FoodRoutes Audience Research Reports, plus samples for: "Print Ads and Public Service Announcements," "News Releases," "Op-Ed" articles, background kits, brochures, and strategic communication plans. This work will be of interest to members of the sustainable agriculture community who want to communicate their message more effectively, especially to consumers and farmers. FoodRoutes Web site: http://www.foodroutes.org/. BT, 5/18/2004

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December 21, 2004